Herbicides and Plant Physiology

Author: Andrew H. Cobb,John P. H. Reade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444322494

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 1508

Herbicides continue to make a spectacular contribution to modern safe crop production. It is essential to understand how these compounds work in plants and their surroundings to properly facilitate the development of more effective and safer agrochemicals. This book provides that information in a succinct and user-friendly way. The second edition of this very well-received and highly thought of book has been fully up-dated with much new information of relevance to the subject, particularly in the areas of cell and molecular biology.
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Herbicides and Plant Physiology

Author: Andrew H. Cobb,John P. H. Reade

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1444327801

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 584

Herbicides continue to make a spectacular contribution to modern safe crop production. It is essential to understand how these compounds work in plants and their surroundings to properly facilitate the development of more effective and safer agrochemicals. This book provides that information in a succinct and user-friendly way. The second edition of this very well-received and highly thought of book has been fully up-dated with much new information of relevance to the subject, particularly in the areas of cell and molecular biology.
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Biochemistry and Physiology of Herbicide Action

Author: Carl Fedtke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642683754

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 204

View: 7922

Herbicides are part of modern agricultural production systems and therefore contribute significantly to the economy of agricultural products. At the same time, herbicides are potent and specific inhibitors of plant metabolism and may therefore be used as valuable tools in basic plant physiological research. A well-known example is the photosynthesis-inhibiting herbicide diuron, known to plant physiologists as DCMU, which has become one of the essentials in modern photosynthesis research. Similarly, knowledge in other areas of plant metabolism may be advanced by the use of herbicides as specific inhibitors. This book describes the effects of herbicides on the metabolism of higher plants from the viewpoint of the plant physiologist. The material of this book is therefore, as far as possible, divided into areas of metabolism. This book intends (1) to present the reader with current knowledge and views in the area of herbicide modes of action and (2) to promote the future use of herbicides as metabolic inhibitors in plant physiological research to the advantage of both, the pesticide and the plant sciences. I wish to express my thanks to my colleagues and friends Prof. N. Amrhein, Prof. E. Elstner, Dr. L. Eue, Dr. J. Konze, Dr. K. Liirssen, Dr. W.Oettmeier, Dr. H. Quader, Dr. R. R. Schmidt, Dr. R. H. Shimabukuro, Dr. J. Stetter, Prof.
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Physiology of Herbicide Action

Author: Malcolm Devine,Stephen O. Duke,Carl Fedtke

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 441

View: 9674

An introduction to herbicide action; Reaching the target; Oxigen toxicity and herbicidal action; Microtubule disruptors; Herbicide effects on lipid synthesis; Nucleic acid and protein synthesis inhibitors; Inhibition of amino acid biosysnthesis; Herbicides with auxin activity; Other sites of herbicide action; Secondary physiological effects of herbicides; Herbicide interactions with herbicides, synergists, and safeners; Naturally occurring chemicals as herbicides.
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Herbicide Resistance in Weeds and Crops

Author: J. C. Caseley,G. W. Cussans,R. K. Atkin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148310009X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 526

View: 1962

Herbicide Resistance in Weeds and Crops is a collection of papers presented at the 11th Long Ashton International Symposium in September 1989. The said symposium is held to study about the increasing incidence of herbicide-resistant weeds and the consideration of the production of herbicide-resistant crops. The book includes studies that suggest the delay and prevention of herbicide resistance; the gravity of the infestation of different herbicide-resistant weed; the management of herbicide resistance; and the mechanisms of herbicide tolerance. Also covered in the book are the improvement of different herbicides, as well as the prospective development of genetically engineered herbicide-resistant plants. Botanists, biochemists, and farmers would greatly benefit from the text, especially those who would like to explore and study the phenomenon.
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Crop Safeners for Herbicides

Development, Uses, and Mechanisms of Action

Author: Kriton Hatzios

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323151450

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 3718

Crop Safeners for Herbicides aims to discuss the issue of chemical manipulation of crop tolerance to herbicides. This book resulted from a symposium titled ""Chemical Manipulation of Crop Tolerance to Herbicides"". Several chapters included herein are added contributions from experts outside of the symposium. The book not only serves as reference for the knowledge of the agronomic uses, development, chemistry, and mechanisms of action herbicide safeners, but it also assesses the impact of safeners all around the world. It also presents a discussion on alternative approaches that increases herbicide selectivity and explores future trends. Comprised of 16 chapters and divided into four parts, the book starts with a section on the development and uses of herbicide safeners. The text also offers a critical and extensive review of academic and industrial perspectives in the development of herbicide safeners in different parts of the world. Part 2 of this book starts with an overview of the physiological, biochemical, and molecular aspects of the mechanisms, and then further delves in to the prevalent mechanisms of action of selected classes of herbicide safeners. The third part of this book provides data on the potential use of alternative approaches for the manipulation of crop tolerance to herbicides. The last part is a summary of the progress and prospects of the topic of crop safening against herbicide injury. The book serves as an important resource for students and professionals interested in the field of agriculture, agronomy, pest research, weed science, and plant pathology and physiology.
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Physiology of Plants and Their Cells

Pergamon Biological Sciences Series

Author: James A. Goss

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483151816

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 7626

Physiology of Plants and Their Cells is a 20-chapter book introducing the field of plant physiology. Plant physiology is generally a study of the living activity of the plant. This book begins by elucidating the value of plants to man, and describing the plant cells including its classification, structure, and nutrition. Subsequent chapters explain the role of water, minerals, and photosynthesis in plant physiology. Other topics on plants underlined in this book include energy storage, utilization, and loss; amino acid synthesis; metabolism; proteins; enzymes; phytochemistry; membranes; intercellular communication; growth; longevity; senescence; and death. Lastly, the relevance of plant physiology to contemporary problems facing mankind is explained. This book will be useful as a general reference for teachers and scientists interested in certain aspects of the field, as well as for students of biology and agriculture.
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Weed Physiology: Herbicide physiology

Author: Stephen O. Duke

Publisher: CRC

ISBN: 9780849363146

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 5113

Herbicide physiology; Effects of herbicides on photosynthesis; Effects of herbicides on respiration; Effects of herbicides on chloroplast and cellular development; Effects of herbicides on nonphotosynthethic biosynthetic processes; Herbicides effects on membrane function; The physiological effects of adjuvants on plants; Herbicide tolerance and resistance: alteration of site of activity; Herbicide absorption and translocation and their relationship to plant tolerances and susceptibility; Detoxication of herbicides; Common and chemical names of herbicides, insecticides, and plant growth regulators used in text.
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Advances in Plant Physiology

Author: P C Trivedi

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8188237698

Category: Crops

Page: 300

View: 3915

In the present scenario, with the increasing pressure posed by a rapidly growing population and diminishing per capita arable land and sources of irrigation, the role of plant physiologists in increasing agricultural and horticultural production by economically viable means, is significant. The present book incorporates articles covering latest information on the varied aspects of plant physiology, like diagnosis and management of physiological disorders in fruit production, physiology of vegetable crops, breeding crops for dryland conditions, effect of sulphur dioxide on growth, photosynthesis, antioxidant enzyme activities and so on. Topics such as abiotic stress, macronutrient stress and stress caused by pollutants also form part of the book. Articles on the effect of herbicides, growth hormones, photoquality on germination and physiology of rice and groundnut provide useful information for improving crop yield. This book would serve as a useful reference for teachers, scientists and planners in the fields of Botany, Plant Physiology, Agriculture, Forestry and related fields
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Biology, Physiology and Molecular Biology of Weeds

Author: Mithila Jugulam

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351647350

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 3995

The book provides comprehensive information on a wide range of topics from biology, physiology, genetics to the use of genomic tools in weed science. The book covers information at a more advanced level than the previously published books in weed science. It covers not only weed genetics and genomics research, but also weed management from an ecological perspective. Furthermore, the book also gives a broad coverage of novel mechanisms of weed resistance to herbicides. More importantly, it includes next generation sequencing techniques and bioinformatics of herbicide resistant genes in weeds.
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Herbicides and their mechanisms of action

Author: Andrew Cobb,Ralph C. Kirkwood

Publisher: Blackwell

ISBN: 9780849305023

Category: Nature

Page: 295

View: 8941

Herbicides and their Mechanisms of Action highlights issues in herbicide selectivity. Developed with the input of authors from both academia and industry, this volume delivers a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the operation of the selectivity mechanisms of herbicides. Even more, the book discusses real-world effects of herbicides, and the results herbicides bring to bear on the environment. The authors emphasize applied aspects of the subject and concentrate on the developments of the last decade, making the book both practical and timely. With the wide variety of herbicides now available for the selective control of weed growth, it is imperative that scientists acquire a detailed understanding of the scientific bases of these herbicides. Indeed, the most recently developed herbicides work by inhibiting the enzyme systems of specific herbs, thereby retarding the growth of those herbs. For maximum effectiveness it becomes crucial that the active ingredients of these herbicides be efficiently delivered on the desired targets. Providing a state-of-the-art appraisal of this important subject, Herbicides and their Mechanisms of Action is the ideal resource for virtually all researchers and professionals involved in the development, administration, and regulation of herbicides.
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Weed Management Handbook

Author: Robert E. L. Naylor

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470750383

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 852

Weed Management Handbook updates the 8th edition of Weed Control Handbook (1990). The change in the title and contents of the book from previous editions reflects both the current emphasis on producing crops in a sustainable and environmentally-friendly manner, and the new weed management challenges presenting themselves. This landmark publication contains cutting edge chapters, each written by acknowledged experts in their fields and carefully drawn together and edited by Professor Robert Naylor, known and respected world-wide for his knowledge of the area. The sequence of chapters included reflects a progression from the biology of weeds, through the underpinning science and technology relating to weed management techniques including herbicides and their application to crops, leading to principles of weed management techniques. Finally a set of relevant case studies describes the main management options available and addresses the challenges of reduced chemical options in many crops. Weed Management Handbook is a vital tool for all those involved in the crop protection / agrochemical industry, including business managers, horticultural and agricultural scientists, plant physiologists, botanists and those studying and teaching BASIS courses. As an important reference guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying horticultural and agricultural sciences, plant physiology, botany and crop protection, copies of the book should be available on the shelves of all research establishments and universities where these subjects are studied and taught. Weed Management Handbook is published for the British Crop Protection Council (BCPC) by Blackwell Publishing.
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The Biology And Control of Weeds in Sugarcane

Author: S Peng

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444601600

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 7594

The Biology and Control of Weeds in Sugarcane provides a comprehensive discussion of the problems of weed control in sugarcane against the background of world-wide cultivation, with emphasis on Taiwan's intensive pattern of crop farming. The book is divided into 12 chapters which present the following concepts of weed control in sugarcane: botanical description of sugarcane; the cultivation of sugarcane in relation to weed control; weeds associated with sugarcane and their biological characteristics; losses in crop production caused by weeds; chemical control of weeds; crop tolerance and weed responses to chemicals; evaluation of new herbicides; research and practices of chemical weed control; and application techniques and equipment utilized in weed control. The book is an authoritative reference for agriculture students, lecturers, and scientists. The advances presented in the book are also an invaluable contribution to the expanding ""Weed Science"" and will serve as an excellent background and perspective for further weed studies.
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Target Assays for Modern Herbicides and Related Phytotoxic Compounds

Author: Peter Boger,Gerhard Sandmann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873715393

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 8225

Target Assays for Modern Herbicides and Related Phytotoxic Compounds is a laboratory guide that features 38 comprehensive contributions to determine and quantitate the inhibition activity of modern herbicides and related phytotoxic compounds at their targets. Using algal or higher-plant model species as well as cell-free enzymatic systems, assays are described for use with modern equipment typically found in a biochemical laboratory. Many details of the tests described in this volume are being published for the first time. Assays discussed include carotenoid and chlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation, photosynthetic electron transport, amino acid biosynthesis, fatty acid formation, and cell division. Some model systems and related topics are also described. Each chapter represents an easy-to-read recipe with minimal theory including some key references for further reading. Original data from the experiments are provided, and most of the notable laboratories around the world are represented. Target Assays for Modern Herbicides and Related Phytotoxic Compounds features updated methodology and procedures that will be a tremendous asset to plant biochemists; agriculture, plant protection, and weed control experts; agrochemical herbicide specialists in industry and government; and students in agricultural biochemistry and physiology.
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Weed and Crop Resistance to Herbicides

Author: Rafael de Prado,J. Jorrín,Luis Garcia-Torres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401155380

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 5268

In recent decades, repeated use of herbicides in the same field has imposed selection for resistance in species that were formerly susceptible. On the other hand, considerable research in the private and public sectors has been directed towards introducing herbicide tolerance into susceptible crop species. The evolution of herbicide resistance, understanding its mechanisms, characterisation of resistant weed biotypes, development of herbicide-tolerant crops and management of resistant weeds are described throughout the 36 chapters of this book. It has been written by leading researchers based on the contributions made at the International Symposium on Weed and Crop Resistance to Herbicides held at Córdoba, Spain. This book will be a good reference source for research scientists and advanced students.
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Fundamentals of Weed Science

Author: Robert L Zimdahl

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128111445

Category: Science

Page: 758

View: 4581

Fundamentals of Weed Science, Fifth Edition, provides the latest information on this constantly advancing area of study. Placing weed management in the largest context of weed research and science, the book presents the latest advances in the role, control and potential uses of weed plants. From the emergence and genetic foundation of weeds, to the latest means of control and environmental impact, the book uses an ecological framework to explore the role of responsible and effective weed control in agriculture. In addition, users will find discussions of related areas where research is needed for additional understanding. Explored topics include the roles of culture, economics and politics in weed management, all areas that enable scientists and students to further understand the larger effects on society. Completely revised with 35% new content Contains expanded coverage of ethnobotany, the specific identity and role of invasive weed species, organic agriculture, and herbicide resistance in GM crops Includes an emphasis on herbicide resistance and molecular biology, both of which have come to dominate weed science research Covers all traditional aspects of weed science as well as current research Provides broad coverage, including relevant related subjects like weed ecology and weed population genetics
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Molecular mechanisms of herbicide selectivity

Author: D. E. Hathway

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 6721

Because plants of different species vary in the way in which they take up, transport, and metabolize chemicals in the soil, selective herbicides can be synthesized. This book examines those aspects of plant physiology, principally in crop plants, which can be affected by herbicides; the possibilities that are offered by recombinant DNA technology for developing resistance to herbicides; and methods for exploiting or preventing acquired tolerance. The author also covers recent work on ultra-selective mycoherbicides and the use of allelochemicals as herbicide substitutes.
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Modern Plant Physiology

Author: Rajiv Kumar Sinha

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849317149

Category: Science

Page: 620

View: 3207

Essential for students of both undergraduate and postgraduate classes, Modern Plant Physiology addresses new developments in tissue culture, stress physiology, and secondary metabolities. This detailed and comprehensive handbook, written by a renowned figure in botanical education, focuses on many essential concepts, including: the metabolisms of nitrogen, amino acids, protein, fat, and nucleic acid; photosynthesis; photorespiration; hormones; senescence, aging and abscission; photoperiodism; and the physiology of flowering. The text offers tabulated differences between allied processes such as Fluorescence and Phosphorescence, thus providing a clear conception and better understanding of the subject matter.
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Plant Abiotic Stress

Author: Matthew A. Jenks,Paul M. Hasegawa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118764323

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8488

A fully revised review of the latest research in molecular basis of plant abiotic stress response and adaptation Abiotic stressors are non-living environmental stressors that can have a negative impact on a plants ability to grow and thrive in a given environment. Stressors can range from temperature stress (both extreme heat and extreme cold) water stress, aridity, salinity among others. This book explores the full gamut of plant abiotic stressors and plants molecular responses and adaptations to adverse environmental conditions. The new edition of Plant Abiotic Stress provides up-to-date coverage of the latest research advances in plant abiotic stress adaptation, with special emphasis on the associated and integrative aspects of physiology, signaling, and molecular-genetics. Since the last edition, major advances in whole genome analysis have revealed previously unknown linkages between genes, genomes, and phenotypes, and new biological and –omics approaches have elucidated previously unknown cellular mechanisms underlying stress tolerance. Chapters are organized by topic, but highlight processes that are integrative among diverse stress responses. As with the first edition, Plant Abiotic Stress will have broad appeal to scientists in fields of applied agriculture, ecology, plant sciences, and biology.
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