Herbicides and Plant Physiology

Author: Andrew H. Cobb,John P. H. Reade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444322494

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 2120

Herbicides make a spectacular contribution to modern crop production. Yet, for the development of more effective and safer agrochemicals, it is essential to understand how these compounds work in plants and their surroundings. This expanded and fully revised second edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of how modern herbicides interact with target plants, and how they are used to manage crop production. In addition, the text: Provides a current account of the importance of weeds to crop yield and quality; Describes how new herbicides are discovered and developed; Examines precise sites of herbicide action and mechanisms of herbicide selectivity and resistance; Reviews commercial and biotechnological applications, including genetically engineered herbicide resistance in crops; Suggests new areas for future herbicide development; Includes many specially prepared illustrations. As a summary of diverse research information, this second edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology is a valuable reference for students and researchers in plant physiology, crop production/protection, plant biochemistry, biotechnology and agriculture. All libraries in universities, agricultural colleges and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need copies of this excellent book on their shelves.

Herbicides and Plant Metabolism

Author: A. D. Dodge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521344227

Category: Medical

Page: 277

View: 8271

A review of the most important areas of the biochemistry of herbicide action. The introductory chapter begins with the field of herbicide discovery, followed by chapters dealing with the herbicidal inhibition of photosynthesis, carotenoid biosynthesis, lipid biosynthesis, and amino acid biosynthesis. The metabolism of herbicides is discussed with particular reference to the formation of toxic components from non-toxic chemicals, and also the inactivation of toxic chemicals as a basis for selectivity. The final chapters are concerned with mechanisms of herbicide resistance in plants and the possibility of transferring resistance to susceptible crops. A glossary of the most important herbicidal chemicals mentioned in the text is included.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Author: Mohammad Pessarakli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 082474134X

Category: Science

Page: 1000

View: 9626

With contributions from over 70 international experts, this reference provides comprehensive coverage of plant physiological stages and processes under both normal and stressful conditions. It emphasizes environmental factors, climatic changes, developmental stages, and growth regulators as well as linking plant and crop physiology to the production of food, feed, and medicinal compounds. Offering over 300 useful tables, equations, drawings, photographs, and micrographs, the book covers cellular and molecular aspects of plant and crop physiology, plant and crop physiological responses to heavy metal concentration and agrichemicals, computer modeling in plant physiology, and more.

Biochemistry and Physiology of Herbicide Action

Author: Carl Fedtke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642683754

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 204

View: 808

Herbicides are part of modern agricultural production systems and therefore contribute significantly to the economy of agricultural products. At the same time, herbicides are potent and specific inhibitors of plant metabolism and may therefore be used as valuable tools in basic plant physiological research. A well-known example is the photosynthesis-inhibiting herbicide diuron, known to plant physiologists as DCMU, which has become one of the essentials in modern photosynthesis research. Similarly, knowledge in other areas of plant metabolism may be advanced by the use of herbicides as specific inhibitors. This book describes the effects of herbicides on the metabolism of higher plants from the viewpoint of the plant physiologist. The material of this book is therefore, as far as possible, divided into areas of metabolism. This book intends (1) to present the reader with current knowledge and views in the area of herbicide modes of action and (2) to promote the future use of herbicides as metabolic inhibitors in plant physiological research to the advantage of both, the pesticide and the plant sciences. I wish to express my thanks to my colleagues and friends Prof. N. Amrhein, Prof. E. Elstner, Dr. L. Eue, Dr. J. Konze, Dr. K. Liirssen, Dr. W.Oettmeier, Dr. H. Quader, Dr. R. R. Schmidt, Dr. R. H. Shimabukuro, Dr. J. Stetter, Prof.

Weed Physiology: Herbicide physiology

Author: Stephen O. Duke

Publisher: CRC

ISBN: 9780849363146

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 4980

Herbicide physiology; Effects of herbicides on photosynthesis; Effects of herbicides on respiration; Effects of herbicides on chloroplast and cellular development; Effects of herbicides on nonphotosynthethic biosynthetic processes; Herbicides effects on membrane function; The physiological effects of adjuvants on plants; Herbicide tolerance and resistance: alteration of site of activity; Herbicide absorption and translocation and their relationship to plant tolerances and susceptibility; Detoxication of herbicides; Common and chemical names of herbicides, insecticides, and plant growth regulators used in text.

Weed and Crop Resistance to Herbicides

Author: R. De Prado,J. Jorrín,L. García-Torres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401155380

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 8784

In recent decades, repeated use of herbicides in the same field has imposed selection for resistance in species that were formerly susceptible. On the other hand, considerable research in the private and public sectors has been directed towards introducing herbicide tolerance into susceptible crop species. The evolution of herbicide resistance, understanding its mechanisms, characterisation of resistant weed biotypes, development of herbicide-tolerant crops and management of resistant weeds are described throughout the 36 chapters of this book. It has been written by leading researchers based on the contributions made at the International Symposium on Weed and Crop Resistance to Herbicides held at Córdoba, Spain. This book will be a good reference source for research scientists and advanced students.

Molecular mechanisms of herbicide selectivity

Author: D. E. Hathway

Publisher: Clarendon Press


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 8085

Because plants of different species vary in the way in which they take up, transport, and metabolize chemicals in the soil, selective herbicides can be synthesized. This book examines those aspects of plant physiology, principally in crop plants, which can be affected by herbicides; the possibilities that are offered by recombinant DNA technology for developing resistance to herbicides; and methods for exploiting or preventing acquired tolerance. The author also covers recent work on ultra-selective mycoherbicides and the use of allelochemicals as herbicide substitutes.


Author: Peter Schopfer,Axel Brennicke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662498804

Category: Science

Page: 702

View: 1850

Der Lehrbuchklassiker zur Pflanzenphysiologie überzeugt mit klaren Grafiken und dem präzisen Text. Das erfolgreiche Lehrbuch von den beiden deutschen Autoren Peter Schopfer und Axel Brennicke liegt nun aktualisiert bereits in der 7. Auflage vor. Kompetent und anschaulich wird die gesamte Bandbreite der Pflanzenphysiologie behandelt, erweitert um die aktuellen molekularbiologischen Erkenntnisse der letzten Jahre. Als Lehrbuch und Nachschlagewerk ist es gleichermaßen geeignet.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, Third Edition

Author: Mohammad Pessarakli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553286

Category: Science

Page: 1031

View: 2662

Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, necessitating a new edition to cover the latest advances in the field. Like its predecessors, the Third Edition offers a unique, complete collection of topics in plant and crop physiology, serving as an up-to-date resource in the field. This edition contains more than 90 percent new material, and the remaining 10 percent has been updated and substantially revised. Divided into nine parts to make the information more accessible, this handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, and production processes. It addresses the physiological responses of plants and crops to environmental stresses, heavy metals, and agrichemicals; presents findings on small RNAs in response to temperature stress; and discusses the use of bioinformatics in plant/crop physiology. The book deals with the impacts of rising CO2 levels and climate change on plant/crop growth, development, and production. It also offers guidance on plants and crops that can be successfully cultivated under more stressful conditions, presented in six chapters that examine alleviation of future food security issues. With contributions from 105 scientists from 17 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant physiological processes ranging from the cellular level to whole plants. The content provided can be used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for dealing with plant and crop physiology problems. This edition includes numerous tables, figures, and illustrations to facilitate comprehension of the material as well as thousands of index words to further increase accessibility to the desired information.

Herbicide Resistance in Weeds and Crops

Author: J. C. Caseley,G. W. Cussans,R. K. Atkin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148310009X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 526

View: 1791

Herbicide Resistance in Weeds and Crops is a collection of papers presented at the 11th Long Ashton International Symposium in September 1989. The said symposium is held to study about the increasing incidence of herbicide-resistant weeds and the consideration of the production of herbicide-resistant crops. The book includes studies that suggest the delay and prevention of herbicide resistance; the gravity of the infestation of different herbicide-resistant weed; the management of herbicide resistance; and the mechanisms of herbicide tolerance. Also covered in the book are the improvement of different herbicides, as well as the prospective development of genetically engineered herbicide-resistant plants. Botanists, biochemists, and farmers would greatly benefit from the text, especially those who would like to explore and study the phenomenon.

Advances in Plant Physiological Phenomena Research and Application: 2012 Edition


Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464998256

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 9550

Advances in Plant Physiological Phenomena Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Plant Physiological Phenomena in a concise format. The editors have built Advances in Plant Physiological Phenomena Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Plant Physiological Phenomena in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Plant Physiological Phenomena Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Weed science

principles and practices

Author: Floyd M. Ashton,Thomas J. Monaco,Michael Barrett,Glenn C. Klingman

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience


Category: Gardening

Page: 466

View: 7610

Mode of Action of Herbicides Second Edition Floyd M. Ashton and Alden S. Crafts Completely revised and updated version of the basic introduction to the physiology and biochemistry of chemical weed killers. It summarizes current international information on each class of herbicide, including specific information on absorption and translocation, molecular fate, biochemical responses, and mode of action. 1981 (0 471-04847-X) 525 pp. Weed Ecology Implications for Vegetation Management Steven R. Radosevich and Jodie S. Holt This is the first book to deal specifically with weeds as a biologically important class of vegetation. This important work defines the concept of a weed in biological and ecological terms, and concentrates on the crop and weed responses caused by environmental change rather than the tools used to manipulate vegetation. It develops the underlying principles for weed management from studies of the adaptations of weeds to their environment and to other plants. 1984 (0 471-87674-7) 265 pp. Crop Protection Chemicals Reference Seventh Edition Completely updated for 1991, this standard reference provides the complete text of product labels for crop protection chemicals. Professionals will learn instantly what products can best treat a particular crop problem, what quantities of the chemical to use, and under what restrictions and precautions. The book includes extensive and easily accessed indices and appendices on such matters as codings when transporting products, safety practices, calibrations, and more. 1991 (0 471-53282-7) 2,206 pp.

Advances in Plant Physiology

Author: P C Trivedi

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8188237698

Category: Crops

Page: 300

View: 4965

In the present scenario, with the increasing pressure posed by a rapidly growing population and diminishing per capita arable land and sources of irrigation, the role of plant physiologists in increasing agricultural and horticultural production by economically viable means, is significant. The present book incorporates articles covering latest information on the varied aspects of plant physiology, like diagnosis and management of physiological disorders in fruit production, physiology of vegetable crops, breeding crops for dryland conditions, effect of sulphur dioxide on growth, photosynthesis, antioxidant enzyme activities and so on. Topics such as abiotic stress, macronutrient stress and stress caused by pollutants also form part of the book. Articles on the effect of herbicides, growth hormones, photoquality on germination and physiology of rice and groundnut provide useful information for improving crop yield. This book would serve as a useful reference for teachers, scientists and planners in the fields of Botany, Plant Physiology, Agriculture, Forestry and related fields

Herbicide Resistance and World Grains

Author: Stephen B. Powles,Dale L Shaner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420039083

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 637

Written by experts from across the globe, Herbicide Resistance and World Grains evaluates the weed and herbicide management systems in major world grain crops such as soybean, maize, rice, and canola. The book examines the impact of transgenic crops and new technology on resistance management. It provides background information and offers practical guidelines for the management of herbicide resistant weeds with an emphasis on a systems approach. This book provides the how-tos of managing herbicide resistant weed populations in the major grain crops. The authors also explore the sociological and agronomic factors affecting farmers' adaptation of herbicide resistance management systems. With this in mind, they suggest that the recommended guidelines be global in scope but also applicable at local levels. Containing the most up-to-date information on the genetics and mechanisms of resistance, the book also includes models that can be used to make informed decisions on management alternatives and financial analysis of the cost and an update of the regulatory aspects of resistance management. Other books on this subject merely document the extent and spread of resistance but provide little information on what to do about it. Herbicide Resistance and World Grains contains practical solutions that can be used by researchers and practitioners alike.

The Genetic Basis of Plant Physiological Processes

Author: John King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195364323

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 4589

Plant molecular biology is rapidly becoming an important and successful component of the worldwide research challenge to apply basic biochemical, physiological and genetic techniques for the improvement of agricultural crops. This book shows how the study of fundamental plant physiological processes is being advanced through the science of genetics. The author has adopted a case study approach to illustrate how defined genetic materials in mutants and plant variants are being productively used to explore photosynthesis, stress tolerance, seed physiology, and flowering and reproductive morphology. This approach also helps avoid overwhelming readers who might be unfamiliar with the enormous detail now available in this burgeoning field. The case studies cover all major fields of plant physiology and are grouped in a format familiar to students of the discipline. Most take the form of a brief introduction followed by a discussion of the isolation and characterization of the mutants in question, and then by examples of how these mutants have been used to provide physiological insights. The aim is to make the information accessible to students with an elementary knowledge of plant physiology, genetics, and molecular biology, as well as other scientists and students who wish to know more about the application of the powerful tools provided by genetics.

Soybean Physiology, Agronomy, and Utilization

Author: A.G. Norman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323158757

Category: Gardening

Page: 262

View: 2098

Soybean Physiology, Agronomy, and Utilization attempts to cover and treat in logical sequence the factors that contribute to the potential and versatility of soybeans. The soybean is a major crop plant in the United States. Based on the utilization of the bean, or products therefrom, a substantial soybean industry has also developed. Its uses, agricultural and industrial, primarily depend on the high content of both protein (ca. 40%) and oil (ca. 20%) in the bean. The book begins by discussing soybean production in the United States and worldwide; the uses and economics of soybean products; and the soybean in physiological research. It explains the growth and development of soybeans. It discusses the physiological processes responsible for assimilating the plant body from the environment, namely photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, and nitrate reduction. Subsequent chapters examine the impact of environmental variables—such as light, temperature, water, wind, and pests—on soybean plant characteristics as well as soybean breeding, production, processing, and utilization.