Herbicides and Plant Physiology

Author: Andrew H. Cobb,John P. H. Reade

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444322494

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 3426

Herbicides make a spectacular contribution to modern crop production. Yet, for the development of more effective and safer agrochemicals, it is essential to understand how these compounds work in plants and their surroundings. This expanded and fully revised second edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of how modern herbicides interact with target plants, and how they are used to manage crop production. In addition, the text: Provides a current account of the importance of weeds to crop yield and quality; Describes how new herbicides are discovered and developed; Examines precise sites of herbicide action and mechanisms of herbicide selectivity and resistance; Reviews commercial and biotechnological applications, including genetically engineered herbicide resistance in crops; Suggests new areas for future herbicide development; Includes many specially prepared illustrations. As a summary of diverse research information, this second edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology is a valuable reference for students and researchers in plant physiology, crop production/protection, plant biochemistry, biotechnology and agriculture. All libraries in universities, agricultural colleges and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need copies of this excellent book on their shelves.

Biochemistry and Physiology of Herbicide Action

Author: Carl Fedtke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642683754

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 204

View: 1833

Herbicides are part of modern agricultural production systems and therefore contribute significantly to the economy of agricultural products. At the same time, herbicides are potent and specific inhibitors of plant metabolism and may therefore be used as valuable tools in basic plant physiological research. A well-known example is the photosynthesis-inhibiting herbicide diuron, known to plant physiologists as DCMU, which has become one of the essentials in modern photosynthesis research. Similarly, knowledge in other areas of plant metabolism may be advanced by the use of herbicides as specific inhibitors. This book describes the effects of herbicides on the metabolism of higher plants from the viewpoint of the plant physiologist. The material of this book is therefore, as far as possible, divided into areas of metabolism. This book intends (1) to present the reader with current knowledge and views in the area of herbicide modes of action and (2) to promote the future use of herbicides as metabolic inhibitors in plant physiological research to the advantage of both, the pesticide and the plant sciences. I wish to express my thanks to my colleagues and friends Prof. N. Amrhein, Prof. E. Elstner, Dr. L. Eue, Dr. J. Konze, Dr. K. Liirssen, Dr. W.Oettmeier, Dr. H. Quader, Dr. R. R. Schmidt, Dr. R. H. Shimabukuro, Dr. J. Stetter, Prof.

Herbicides and Plant Metabolism

Author: A. D. Dodge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521344227

Category: Medical

Page: 277

View: 2715

A review of the most important areas of the biochemistry of herbicide action. The introductory chapter begins with the field of herbicide discovery, followed by chapters dealing with the herbicidal inhibition of photosynthesis, carotenoid biosynthesis, lipid biosynthesis, and amino acid biosynthesis. The metabolism of herbicides is discussed with particular reference to the formation of toxic components from non-toxic chemicals, and also the inactivation of toxic chemicals as a basis for selectivity. The final chapters are concerned with mechanisms of herbicide resistance in plants and the possibility of transferring resistance to susceptible crops. A glossary of the most important herbicidal chemicals mentioned in the text is included.

Molecular mechanisms of herbicide selectivity

Author: D. E. Hathway

Publisher: Clarendon Press


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 2439

Because plants of different species vary in the way in which they take up, transport, and metabolize chemicals in the soil, selective herbicides can be synthesized. This book examines those aspects of plant physiology, principally in crop plants, which can be affected by herbicides; the possibilities that are offered by recombinant DNA technology for developing resistance to herbicides; and methods for exploiting or preventing acquired tolerance. The author also covers recent work on ultra-selective mycoherbicides and the use of allelochemicals as herbicide substitutes.

Weed Physiology: Herbicide physiology

Author: Stephen O. Duke

Publisher: CRC

ISBN: 9780849363146

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 2598

Herbicide physiology; Effects of herbicides on photosynthesis; Effects of herbicides on respiration; Effects of herbicides on chloroplast and cellular development; Effects of herbicides on nonphotosynthethic biosynthetic processes; Herbicides effects on membrane function; The physiological effects of adjuvants on plants; Herbicide tolerance and resistance: alteration of site of activity; Herbicide absorption and translocation and their relationship to plant tolerances and susceptibility; Detoxication of herbicides; Common and chemical names of herbicides, insecticides, and plant growth regulators used in text.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, Third Edition

Author: Mohammad Pessarakli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553294

Category: Science

Page: 1031

View: 385

Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, necessitating a new edition to cover the latest advances in the field. Like its predecessors, the Third Edition offers a unique, complete collection of topics in plant and crop physiology, serving as an up-to-date resource in the field. This edition contains more than 90 percent new material, and the remaining 10 percent has been updated and substantially revised. Divided into nine parts to make the information more accessible, this handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, and production processes. It addresses the physiological responses of plants and crops to environmental stresses, heavy metals, and agrichemicals; presents findings on small RNAs in response to temperature stress; and discusses the use of bioinformatics in plant/crop physiology. The book deals with the impacts of rising CO2 levels and climate change on plant/crop growth, development, and production. It also offers guidance on plants and crops that can be successfully cultivated under more stressful conditions, presented in six chapters that examine alleviation of future food security issues. With contributions from 105 scientists from 17 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant physiological processes ranging from the cellular level to whole plants. The content provided can be used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for dealing with plant and crop physiology problems. This edition includes numerous tables, figures, and illustrations to facilitate comprehension of the material as well as thousands of index words to further increase accessibility to the desired information.

Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen

Physiologie und Biochemie des Primär- und Sekundärstoffwechsels ; 10 Tabellen

Author: Gerhard Richter

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 9783134420067

Category: Plants

Page: 583

View: 2564


Weed and Crop Resistance to Herbicides

Author: R. De Prado,J. Jorrín,L. García-Torres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401155380

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 8445

In recent decades, repeated use of herbicides in the same field has imposed selection for resistance in species that were formerly susceptible. On the other hand, considerable research in the private and public sectors has been directed towards introducing herbicide tolerance into susceptible crop species. The evolution of herbicide resistance, understanding its mechanisms, characterisation of resistant weed biotypes, development of herbicide-tolerant crops and management of resistant weeds are described throughout the 36 chapters of this book. It has been written by leading researchers based on the contributions made at the International Symposium on Weed and Crop Resistance to Herbicides held at Córdoba, Spain. This book will be a good reference source for research scientists and advanced students.

Target Assays for Modern Herbicides and Related Phytotoxic Compounds

Author: Peter Boger,Gerhard Sandmann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873715393

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 3303

Target Assays for Modern Herbicides and Related Phytotoxic Compounds is a laboratory guide that features 38 comprehensive contributions to determine and quantitate the inhibition activity of modern herbicides and related phytotoxic compounds at their targets. Using algal or higher-plant model species as well as cell-free enzymatic systems, assays are described for use with modern equipment typically found in a biochemical laboratory. Many details of the tests described in this volume are being published for the first time. Assays discussed include carotenoid and chlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation, photosynthetic electron transport, amino acid biosynthesis, fatty acid formation, and cell division. Some model systems and related topics are also described. Each chapter represents an easy-to-read recipe with minimal theory including some key references for further reading. Original data from the experiments are provided, and most of the notable laboratories around the world are represented. Target Assays for Modern Herbicides and Related Phytotoxic Compounds features updated methodology and procedures that will be a tremendous asset to plant biochemists; agriculture, plant protection, and weed control experts; agrochemical herbicide specialists in industry and government; and students in agricultural biochemistry and physiology.


Author: Hans Walter Heldt,Birgit Piechulla

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662443988

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 2778

Die „Pflanzenbiochemie" hat sich im deutschsprachigen Raum, aber auch in zahlreichen Übersetzungen als Standardlehrbuch etabliert. Birgit Piechulla, Dozentin an der Universität Rostock, zeichnet als Co-Autorin bei dieser 5. Auflage verantwortlich und hat zusammen mit Hans-Walter Heldt das Buch gründlich überarbeitet und aktualisiert. Neueste wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse fanden Eingang in dieses Buch, die sich auch in neuen Abbildungen sowie der stark überarbeiteten Literatur widerspiegeln. Besonderen Wert legen die Autoren darauf, die offenen, zukunftsweisenden Fragen, die den derzeitigen Stand unseres Wissens markieren, aufzuzeigen. Aktualität sowie die klare und verständliche Didaktik komplexer Sachverhalte darzustellen -- das sind die Kennzeichen dieses Lehrbuches. Mit sorgfältig erstellten zweifarbigen Abbildungen erfüllt es einen hohen didaktischen Anspruch und reiht sich unter die besten Biochemie-Lehrbücher.

Weed Science

Principles and Practices

Author: Thomas J. Monaco,Stephen C. Weller,Floyd M. Ashton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471370512

Category: Science

Page: 671

View: 9718

The updated edition of the classic, fundamental book on weedscience Weed Science provides a detailed examination ofthe principles of integrated weed management with important detailson how chemical herbicides work and should be used. This revisedFourth Edition addresses recent developments affecting weedscience. These include the increased use of conservation-tillagesystems, environmental concerns about the runoff of agrochemicals,soil conservation, crop biotechnology, resistance of weeds andcrops to herbicides, weed control in nonagricultural settings andconcerns regarding invasive plants, wetland restoration, and theneed for a vastly improved understanding of weed ecology. Current management practices are covered along with guidance forselecting herbicides and using them effectively. To serve as a moreefficient reference, herbicides are cross-listed by chemical andbrand name and grouped by mechanism of action and physiologicaleffect rather than chemical structure. In addition, an introductionto organic chemistry has been added to familiarize readers withorganic herbicides. Also included are guidelines on weed-controlpractices for specific crops or situations, such as small grains,row crops, horticultural crops, lawns and turf, range land, brush,and aquatic plant life. Generously supplemented with 300 drawings, photographs, andtables, Weed Science is an essential book for students taking anintroductory course in weed science, as well as a reference foragricultural advisors, county agents, extension specialists, andprofessionals throughout the agrochemical industry.

Environmental Plant Physiology

Author: Neil Willey

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1317206231

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6453

Environmental Plant Physiology focuses on the physiology of plant-environment interactions, revealing plants as the key terrestrial intersection of the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere. It provides a contemporary understanding of the topic by focusing on some of humankind's fundamental biological, agricultural and environmental challenges. Its chapters identify thirteen key environmental variables, grouping them into resources, stressors and pollutants, and leading the reader through how they challenge plants and how plants respond at molecular, physiological, whole plant and ecological levels. The importance of taking account of spatial and temporal dimensions of environmental change in order to understand plant function is emphasised. The book uses a mixture of ecological, environmental and agricultural examples throughout in order to provide a holistic view of the topic suitable for a contemporary student audience. Each chapter uses a novel stress response hierarchy to integrate plant responses across spatial and temporal scales in an easily digestible framework.

Advances in Plant Physiology

Author: P C Trivedi

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8188237698

Category: Crops

Page: 300

View: 4772

In the present scenario, with the increasing pressure posed by a rapidly growing population and diminishing per capita arable land and sources of irrigation, the role of plant physiologists in increasing agricultural and horticultural production by economically viable means, is significant. The present book incorporates articles covering latest information on the varied aspects of plant physiology, like diagnosis and management of physiological disorders in fruit production, physiology of vegetable crops, breeding crops for dryland conditions, effect of sulphur dioxide on growth, photosynthesis, antioxidant enzyme activities and so on. Topics such as abiotic stress, macronutrient stress and stress caused by pollutants also form part of the book. Articles on the effect of herbicides, growth hormones, photoquality on germination and physiology of rice and groundnut provide useful information for improving crop yield. This book would serve as a useful reference for teachers, scientists and planners in the fields of Botany, Plant Physiology, Agriculture, Forestry and related fields

Der Experimentator Molekularbiologie / Genomics

Author: Cornel Mülhardt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642346367

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 343

Dieses Buch enthält das Grundlagenwissen sowie Tipps und Tricks für den Umgang mit Nucleinsäuren. Der Autor kennt Lust und Frust der täglichen Laborroutine ganz genau. Präparieren, Fällen, Konzentrieren und Reinigen von Nucleinsäuren Restriktionsenzyme, Gele, Blotten Polymerase-Kettenreaktion RNA-Isolierung, -Transkription Klonierung von DNA-Fragmenten Markierung von Sonden, Hybridisierung, Screening, Sequenzierung Mutagenese, In-vitro-Translation, transgene Mäuse, Transgenexpression, Gentherapie, Genomik Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle Experimentatoren, die molekularbiologische Versuche durchführen wollen und gern nachvollziehen möchten, was sich in ihrem Reaktionsgefäß abspielt. Das ganze Spektrum der üblichen molekularbiologischen Methoden wird vorgestellt, kommentiert und Alternativen aufgezeigt. Der lockere Ton wendet sich gleichermaßen an Studenten wie an BTAs und Laboranten, aber auch der alte Hase wird hier und dort noch etwas Neues entdecken. Die 7. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und aktualisiert.

Weed Control

Sustainability, Hazards, and Risks in Cropping Systems Worldwide

Author: Nicholas E. Korres,Nilda R. Burgos,Stephen O. Duke

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351651978

Category: Science

Page: 664

View: 6589

In light of public concerns about sustainable food production, the necessity for human and environmental protection, along with the evolution of herbicide resistant weeds, call for a review of current weed control strategies. Sustainable weed control requires an integrated approach based on knowledge of each crop and the weeds that threaten it. This book will be an invaluable source of information for scholars, growers, consultants, researchers and other stakeholders dealing with either arable, row, cash, vegetables, orchards or even grassland-based production systems. The uniqueness of this book comes from the balanced coverage of herbicide effects on humans and environment in relation to best weed control practices of the most important cropping systems worldwide. Furthermore, it amalgamates and discusses the most appropriate, judicious and suitable weed control strategies for a wide range of crops. It reviews the available information and suggests solutions that are not merely feasible but also optimal.