Health Promotion in Disease Outbreaks and Health Emergencies

Author: Glenn Laverack

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351605461

Category: Medical

Page: 188

View: 1690

The book is exceptionally timely and will be of interest to many professionals, students and academics. I am not aware of any other book that covers this important topic. Glenn Laverack brings credibility and kudos having direct experience of health emergencies and seen as a leading academic thinker in health promotion. Dr James Woodall, Reader in Health Promotion, Leeds Beckett University Using specific examples to illustrate broader concepts, this text provides a solid introduction to health promotion in infectious disease outbreaks. Ella Watson-Stryker, Health Promotion Manager, Médecins Sans Frontières This book is timely given the current humanitarian and development scenarios in which health promoters and development communicators must work. There is a dire need for reference materials for practitioners which expand upon theoretical/scientific concepts and principles and provide practical, straightforward guidance to professionals working in the field. The increasing amount of public health emergencies, e.g. SARS, Ebola, Zika etc. require professionals to increase their preparedness to respond in outbreak or disaster situations and this book becomes a useful tool for needed action. Dr Erma Manoncourt, Vice-President of Membership and Co-Chair Global Working Group on the Social Determinants of Health, IUHPE, Paris, France. This is the first ever practical guide to the valuable role that health promotion can play in disease outbreaks and health emergencies. Over the past 20 years the number of disease outbreaks has increased alongside a significant role played out by international actors involved in emergency responses. The book comprehensively covers the role that health promoters have in this new and exciting field of international work including data collection, communication, community capacity building and engagement and rumour management. Part 1 provides a detailed overview of the role of health promotion in disease outbreaks and health emergencies. Part 2 directly addresses the role of health promotion in two distinct types of disease outbreaks: person to person and vector borne disease transmission. Part 3 covers the role of health promotion in specialist areas of work in disease outbreaks and health emergencies. Health Promotion in Disease Outbreaks and Health Emergencies is essential reading for health promotion and public health students worldwide, as well as for UN agencies and international NGOs working in this emerging field.
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Global Health Risk Framework

Resilient and Sustainable Health Systems to Respond to Global Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Workshop Summary

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309381142

Category: Medical

Page: 150

View: 1220

Since the 2014 Ebola outbreak many public- and private-sector leaders have seen a need for improved management of global public health emergencies. The effects of the Ebola epidemic go well beyond the three hardest-hit countries and beyond the health sector. Education, child protection, commerce, transportation, and human rights have all suffered. The consequences and lethality of Ebola have increased interest in coordinated global response to infectious threats, many of which could disrupt global health and commerce far more than the recent outbreak. In order to explore the potential for improving international management and response to outbreaks the National Academy of Medicine agreed to manage an international, independent, evidence-based, authoritative, multistakeholder expert commission. As part of this effort, the Institute of Medicine convened four workshops in summer of 2015 to inform the commission report. The presentations and discussions from the Workshop on Resilient and Sustainable Health Systems to Respond to Global Infectious Disease Outbreaks are summarized in this report.
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Health Promotion Practice

Power and Empowerment

Author: Glenn Laverack

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761941804

Category: Medical

Page: 157

View: 9929

Health Promotion Practice explores the issue of how such an approach to health promotion practice can improve a community's success towards achieving healthier conditions through its own actions. Placing empowerment at the heart of health promotion practice, and offering advice for health promoters who accept the challenge to work in such a way, Health Promotion Practice defines key concepts of health, health promotion and community empowerment.
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Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

Guidelines for Investigation and Control

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 4968

"These guidelines have been written for public health practitioners, food and health inspectors, district and national medical officers, laboratory personnel and others who may undertake or participate in the investigation and control of foodborne disease outbreaks."--P. 4 of cover.
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Outbreak Culture

The Ebola Crisis and the Next Epidemic

Author: Pardis Sabeti

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067491628X

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 4846

An award-winning genetic researcher and a tenacious journalist examine each phase of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa, the largest and deadliest of its kind. Their postmortem identifies factors that kept key information from reaching doctors, complicated the government’s response to the crisis, and left responders unprepared for the next outbreak.
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Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak

Theory and Practice

Author: Weizhong Yang

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128124830

Category: Medical

Page: 388

View: 5922

Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak: Theory and Practice is divided into three parts, with the first section introducing basic theory and key technologies of early warning and the basic principles of infectious disease surveillance. The second section introduces the technical details in the process of establishment, operation and usage of CIDARS and Pudong Syndromic Surveillance and the Early Warning System of the Shanghai World Expo. The third part explores the study of early warning technology, collecting some useful exploration in the fields of infectious diseases involving sentinel setting, data analysis, influence factors study, calculation and evaluation of early warning models. Provide insights into the theory and practice of early warning systems that have been evaluated and shown to be effective Presents a synopsis of current state-of-the-art practices and a starting point for the development and evaluation of new methods Covers applied research and complete case studies that focus on local, regional, national and international implementation Includes techniques from other fields, such as intelligence and engineering Explores future innovations in biosurveillance, including advances in analytical methods, modeling and simulation Addresses policy and organizational issues related to the construction of biosurveillance systems
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Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences

Author: Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317674413

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 3816

Whilst the ‘health sciences’ are a broad and diverse area, and includes public health, primary care, health psychology, psychiatry and epidemiology, the research methods and data analysis skills required to analyse them are very similar. Moreover, the ability to appraise and conduct research is emphasised within the health sciences – and students are expected increasingly to do both. Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences presents a balanced blend of quantitative research methods, and the most widely used techniques for collecting and analysing data in the health sciences. Highly practical in nature, the book guides you, step-by-step, through the research process, and covers both the consumption and the production of research and data analysis. Divided into the three strands that run throughout quantitative health science research – critical numbers, critical appraisal of existing research, and conducting new research – this accessible textbook introduces: Descriptive statistics Measures of association for categorical and continuous outcomes Confounding, effect modification, mediation and causal inference Critical appraisal Searching the literature Randomised controlled trials Cohort studies Case-control studies Research ethics and data management Dissemination and publication Linear regression for continuous outcomes Logistic regression for categorical outcomes. A dedicated companion website offers additional teaching and learning resources for students and lecturers, including screenshots, R programming code, and extensive self-assessment material linked to the book’s exercises and activities. Clear and accessible with a comprehensive coverage to equip the reader with an understanding of the research process and the practical skills they need to collect and analyse data, it is essential reading for all undergraduate and postgraduate students in the health and medical sciences.
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Medical Terminology, Documentation, and Coding

Author: Anne P. Stich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351812459

Category: Medical

Page: 680

View: 3618

Giving students the strongest possible baseline in medical terminology, along with the how and why it is used in documentation and basic coding, this is a vital text for all students taking courses in the area. It allows readers to use their knowledge immediately in any medical setting (including being a patient), in their workplaces, and in the journey to future careers. Using a body systems approach to medical terminology, this textbook supports students to: Recognize words by constructing medical terms based on root words, prefixes, linking forms, and suffixes. Define, spell, pronounce, and use medical terms, acronyms, and abbreviations in the context of patient care with appropriate documentation and coding examples. Identify anatomical directions, fundamental anatomical terminology, basic physiologic functions, and common pathology of all major organ systems with related medical investigation tools, procedures, and pharmaceuticals. Relate the use of medical language and medical record-keeping to the SOAP format, common medical reports, and coding tools, along with their impact on patient care. Accompanied by plentiful color illustrations and activities, as well as a companion website with resources for both instructors and students, this is a fresh and readable textbook.
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Trust in Health Care Organizations

Author: Michael Calnan,Rosemary Rowe

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1846631645

Category: Electronic books

Page: 141

View: 5044

This e-book examines the notion of trust in a healthcare setting - from the micro level of trust between an individual patient and clinician, between one clinician and another, or between a clinician and a manager; to the macro level which includes patient and public trust in clinicians and managers, healthcare organizations or healthcare systems in general. The e-book provides a comprehensive overview of the literature, as well as in-depth case studies from a broad geographic perspective.
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Building Communication Capacity to Counter Infectious Disease Threats

Proceedings of a Workshop

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309457718

Category: Medical

Page: 138

View: 8066

Building communication capacity is a critical piece of preparing for, detecting, and responding to infectious disease threats. The International Health Regulations (IHR) establish risk communicationâ€"the real-time exchange of information, advice, and opinions between experts or officials and people who face a threat to their survival, health, and economic or social well-beingâ€"as a core capacity that World Health Organization member states must fulfill to strengthen the fight against these threats. Despite global recognition of the importance of complying with IHR, 67 percent of signatory countries report themselves as not compliant. By investing in communication capacity, public health and government officials and civil society organizations facing health crises would be prepared to provide advice, information, and reassurance to the public as well as to rapidly develop messages and community engagement activities that are coordinated and take into account social and behavioral dynamics among all sectors. To learn about current national and international efforts to develop the capacity to communicate effectively during times of infectious disease outbreaks, and to explore gaps in the research agenda that may help address communication needs to advance the field, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 1.5 day workshop on December 13 and 14, 2016, in Washington, DC. Participants reviewed progress and needs in strengthening communication capacity for dealing with infectious disease threats for both outbreaks and routine challenges in the United States and abroad. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
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Culturally Competent Compassion

A Guide for Healthcare Students and Practitioners

Author: Irena Papadopoulos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317199928

Category: Medical

Page: 118

View: 4869

Bringing together the crucially important topics of cultural competence and compassion for the first time, this book explores how to practise ‘culturally competent compassion’ in healthcare settings – that is, understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it using culturally appropriate and acceptable caring interventions. This text first discusses the philosophical and religious roots of compassion before investigating notions of health, illness, culture and multicultural societies. Drawing this information together, it then introduces two invaluable frameworks for practice, one of cultural competence and one of culturally competent compassion, and applies them to care scenarios. Papadopoulos goes on to discuss: how nurses in different countries understand and provide compassion in practice; how students learn about compassion; how leaders can create and champion compassionate working environments; and how we can, and whether we should, measure compassion. Culturally Competent Compassion is essential reading for healthcare students and its combination of theoretical content and practice application provides a relevant and interesting learning experience. The innovative model for practice presented here will also be of interest to researchers exploring cultural competence and compassion in healthcare.
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The Neglected Dimension of Global Security

A Framework to Counter Infectious Disease Crises

Author: National Academy of Medicine, Secretariat,Commission on a Global Health Risk Framework for the Future

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309390966

Category: Medical

Page: 142

View: 7415

Since the 2014 Ebola outbreak many public- and private-sector leaders have seen a need for improved management of global public health emergencies. The effects of the Ebola epidemic go well beyond the three hardest-hit countries and beyond the health sector. Education, child protection, commerce, transportation, and human rights have all suffered. The consequences and lethality of Ebola have increased interest in coordinated global response to infectious threats, many of which could disrupt global health and commerce far more than the recent outbreak. In order to explore the potential for improving international management and response to outbreaks the National Academy of Medicine agreed to manage an international, independent, evidence-based, authoritative, multistakeholder expert commission. As part of this effort, the Institute of Medicine convened four workshops in summer of 2015. This commission report considers the evidence supplied by these workshops and offers conclusions and actionable recommendations to guide policy makers, international funders, civil society organizations, and the private sector.
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A Textbook of Community Nursing

Author: Sue Chilton,Heather Bain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1498725414

Category: Medical

Page: 388

View: 5076

A Textbook of Community Nursing is a comprehensive and evidence-based introduction covering the full range of professional topics, including professional approaches to care, public health, eHealth, therapeutic relationships and the role of community nursing in mental health. The new edition has been updated throughout, including new guidelines and policies. It also provides a stronger focus on evidence-based practice. ? This user-friendly and accessible textbook includes: Current theory, policy, and guidelines for practice. All chapters are underpinned by a strong evidence base; Learning objectives for each chapter, plus exercises and activities to test current understanding, promote reflective practice, and encourage further reading; Case studies and examples from practice which draw on all branches of community nursing to illustrate practical application of theory. This is an essential text for all pre-registration nursing students, students on specialist community nursing courses, and qualified nurses entering community practice for the first time.
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Rapid Health Assessment Protocols for Emergencies

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241545151

Category: Medical

Page: 97

View: 6274

This book provides a collection of ten protocols for conducting rapid health assessments in the immediate aftermath of different types of emergencies. Noting the vital importance of rapid and accurate information in the earliest stage of an emergency the protocols respond to the urgent need for common standardized technical tools for assessing damage gauging health risks and gathering the information immediately needed by decision-makers at the national and international level. The protocols were prepared by WHO in collaboration with a large number of international agencies and experts with broad experience in the field of emergency management. Although all protocols follow a common format each is specific to the circumstances potential hazards and immediate information needs that characterize a distinct type of emergency. Emphasis is placed on the exact information needed the best sources of data and methods for rapid collection and the specific questions that need to be answered in order to draw initial conclusions and direct immediate actions. Although the advantages of using experienced assessments teams are stressed the book also explains how the protocols can be used to train general health workers as part of emergency preparedness. The book opens with an introductory protocol covering the aims and methods responsibilities complexities and inherent difficulties of rapid health assessments. Addressed to health authorities as well as assessment teams the chapter also includes abundant advice on preparedness for emergencies. Details range from the comparative need for speed in different types of emergencies through a suggested format for presenting the results of assessments to a list of common logistic organizational and technical errors. Advice on the best working practices including ways to avoid being an emergency tourist is also provided. Against this background the additional nine protocols are presented according to a common format which covers the purpose of the assessment preparedness the steps to follow during the assessment assessing the impact on health assessing local response capacity and immediate needs and presenting results. A general protocol on epidemics of infectious origin is followed by protocols specific to meningitis outbreaks outbreaks of viral haemorrhagic fever including yellow fever and outbreaks of acute diarrhoeal disease with information specific to dysentery and cholera. Sudden-impact natural disasters are covered in the next protocol which includes a day-by-day list of information priorities for different stages of the disaster. A protocol dealing with sudden population displacements offers guidelines for conducting rapid health assessments in all emergencies caused by sudden displacement of refugees or population groups within a country. Included are a sample checklist for rapid assessments and a sample form for weekly reports on morbidity and mortality. Subsequent protocols deal with the special situations of nutritional emergencies and chemical emergencies including those caused by food contaminated with chemicals or toxins. The final protocol addresses the difficult task of conducting assessments in complex emergencies in which the cause of the emergency as well as the assistance to the afflicted is complicated by intense levels of political considerations. The protocol includes a form which has recently been used for rapid health assessment at local level in Bosnia and Herzegovnia. The book concludes with a brief summary of survey techniques followed by a tabular presentation of reference values for assessing needs hazards and logistic requirements in developing countries.
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Understanding West Africa's Ebola Epidemic

Towards a Political Economy

Author: Ibrahim Abdullah

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786991683

Category:

Page: 344

View: 2423

From 2013 to 2015, over eleven thousand people across West Africa lost their lives to the deadliest outbreak of the Ebola virus in history. Crucially, this epidemic marked the first time the virus was able to spread beyond rural areas to major cities, infecting tens of thousands and overturning conventional assumptions about its epidemiology. With backgrounds ranging from development to disease control, the contributors to this volume, many of whom are based in countries affected by the Ebola epidemic, consider the underlying factors that shaped this unprecedented outbreak. While championing the heroic efforts of local communities and international aid workers in halting the spread of the disease, the contributors also point to deep structural problems in both the countries affected and the humanitarian agencies involved that exacerbated the epidemic and hampered the effort to contain it. Alarmingly, they show that little has been learned from these events, with health provision in these countries remaining chronically underfunded and poorly equipped to deal with future outbreaks. Such issues, they argue, reflect the wider challenges we face in tackling epidemic disease in an increasingly interconnected world.
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Heidegger and the Work of Art History

Author: Dr Aron Vinegar,Dr Amanda Boetzkes

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409456131

Category: Art

Page: 374

View: 7219

Heidegger and the Work of Art History explores the impact and future possibilities of Heidegger’s philosophy for art history and visual culture in the 21st century. Scholars from the fields of art history, visual and material studies, design, philosophy, aesthetics and new media pursue diverse lines of thinking that have departed from Heidegger’s work in order to foster compelling new accounts of works of art and their historicity.
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The Ebola Epidemic in West Africa

Proceedings of a Workshop

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309450063

Category: Medical

Page: 136

View: 3108

The most recent Ebola epidemic that began in late 2013 alerted the entire world to the gaps in infectious disease emergency preparedness and response. The regional outbreak that progressed to a significant public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) in a matter of months killed 11,310 and infected more than 28,616. While this outbreak bears some unique distinctions to past outbreaks, many characteristics remain the same and contributed to tragic loss of human life and unnecessary expenditure of capital: insufficient knowledge of the disease, its reservoirs, and its transmission; delayed prevention efforts and treatment; poor control of the disease in hospital settings; and inadequate community and international responses. Recognizing the opportunity to learn from the countless lessons of this epidemic, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in March 2015 to discuss the challenges to successful outbreak responses at the scientific, clinical, and global health levels. Workshop participants explored the epidemic from multiple perspectives, identified important questions about Ebola that remained unanswered, and sought to apply this understanding to the broad challenges posed by Ebola and other emerging pathogens, to prevent the international community from being taken by surprise once again in the face of these threats. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
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Risk and Health Communication in an Evolving Media Environment

Author: H Dan O'Hair

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351687115

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 8977

Broadcast media has a particular fascination with stories that involve risk and health crisis events-disease outbreaks, terrorist acts, and natural disasters-contexts where risk and health communication play a critical role. An evolving media landscape introduces both challenges and opportunities for using communication to manage extreme events and hazardous contexts. Risk and Health Communication in an Evolving Media Environment addresses issues of risk and health communication with a collection of chapters that reflect state-of-the-art discussion by top scholars in the field. The authors in this volume develop unique and insightful perspectives by employing the best available research on topics such as brand awareness in healthcare communication, occupational safety, climate change communication, local broadcasts of weather emergencies, terrorism, and the Ebola outbreak, among many other areas. It features analysis of new and traditional media that connects disasters, crises, risks, and public policy issues into a coherent fabric. This book bridges a substantial, but sometimes disconnected body of literature, and by doing so asks how contexts related to risk and health communication are best approached, how researchers balance scientific findings with cultural issues, and how scholars study an increasingly media-savvy society with traditional research methods.
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Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response

A WHO Guidance Document

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547685

Category: Medical

Page: 58

View: 9148

"Influenza pandemics are unpredictable but recurring events that can have severe consequences on societies worldwide. This revised WHO guidance publication on pandemic influenza preparedness and response acknowledges that pandemic preparedness is centered around health sectors planning but must also be broader. WHO therefore advocates a "whole-of-society" approach to sustainable and ethical pandemic preparedness while focusing in more detail on the role of the health sector. The roles of WHO and national governments are outlined to create a better understanding of how health and non-health sectors, both public and private, all contribute to pandemic preparedness"--Publisher's description.
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Mass Gatherings and Public Health

The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games

Author: Agis D. Tsouros,Panos A. Efstathiou

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 377

View: 9184

"Large-scale mass gatherings, such as the Olympic Games, represent significant challenges for the entire health sector of host countries. Emerging global public health threats of natural or deliberate nature increase considerably the health and safety vulnerability of mass gatherings. Major areas of public health responsibility include health care capacity and mass-casualty preparedness; disease surveillance and outbreak response; environmental health and food safety; public information and health promotion; public health preparedness and response to incidents potentially involving the deliberate use of explosives, biological and chemical agents or radionuclear material; and leadership, operations and unified command. This book comprehensively and systematically presents the experience of and lessons learned from the public health aspects of the preparations and conduct of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. Documenting this experience can be a source of valuable information and knowledge for governments at all levels and communities in building their capacity for not only large-scale events but also preparing to deal with the avian influenza pandemic threat or other emergencies such as flooding and phenomena often associated with climate change." - t.p. verso.
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