Hazards in a Fickle Environment: Bangladesh

Author: C.E. Haque

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401151555

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 323

This book evolved from a collaborative research project between the University of Manitoba, Canada and Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh, which commenced in 1984 to study the problems of river channel migration, rural population displacement and land relocation in Bangladesh. The study was sponsored by the International Development Research Center (IDRC), based in Ottawa, Canada. It was through this project that I started my journey into disaster research more than thirteen years ago with basically an applied problem of massive magnitude in Bangladesh. I spent two- and-a half-years, in two stages, in Bangladesh's riparian villages to collect the empirical data for this study. Then the growing disaster discourse throughout the 1980s, especially its conceptual and theoretical areas, drew me in further, gluing my interest to these issues. In the 1990s, during my research and teaching at Brandon University, Canada, I realized that, despite the large body of literature on natural disasters, there was no work that synthesized the approaches to nature-triggered disasters in a comprehensive form, with sufficient empirical substantiation. In addition, despite the great deal of attention given to disasters in Bangladesh, I found no detailed reference book on the topic. Natural hazards and disasters, in my view, should be studied under a holistic framework encompassing the natural environment, society and individuals. Overreaction to the limitations of technocratic-scientific approaches-the control and prevention of physical events through specialized knowledge and skills-has resulted in a call for "taking the naturalness out of natural disasters.
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Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management

Author: Walter Leal Filho

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642311105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 692

View: 724

​There has been some degree of reluctance in the past to consider disaster risk management within the mainstream of adaptation to climate variability and climate change. However, there is now wide recognition of the need to incorporate disaster risk management concerns in dealing with such phenomena. There is also a growing awareness of the necessity for a multi-sectoral approach in managing the effects of climate variability and climate change, since this can lead to a significant reduction of risk. This book presents the latest findings from scientific research on climate variation, climate change and their links with disaster risk management. It showcases projects and other initiatives in this field that are being undertaken in both industrialised and developing countries, by universities and scientific institutions, government bodies, national and international agencies, NGOs and other stakeholders. Finally, it discusses current and future challenges, identifying opportunities and highlighting the still unrealised potential for promoting better understanding of the connections between climate variation, climate change and disaster risk management worldwide.
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Climate Change Risks and Food Security in Bangladesh

Author: Winston H. Yu

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849776385

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 7423

Managing climate variability and change remains a key development and food security issue in Bangladesh. Despite significant investments, floods, droughts, and cyclones during the last two decades continue to cause extensive economic damage and impair livelihoods. Climate change will pose additional risks to ongoing efforts to reduce poverty. This book examines the implications of climate change on food security in Bangladesh and identifies adaptation measures in the agriculture sector using a comprehensive integrated framework.First, the most recent science available is used to characterize current climate and hydrology and its potential changes. Second, country-specific survey and biophysical data is used to derive more realistic and accurate agricultural impact functions and simulations. A range of climate risks (i.e. warmer temperatures, higher carbon dioxide concentrations, changing characteristics of floods, droughts and potential sea level rise) is considered to gain a more complete picture of potential agriculture impacts. Third, while estimating changes in production is important, economic responses may to some degree buffer against the physical losses predicted, and an assessment is made of these. Food security is dependent not only on production, but also future food requirements, income levels and commodity prices. Finally, adaptation possibilities are identified for the sector. This book is the first to combine these multiple disciplines and analytical procedures to comprehensively address these impacts. The framework will serve as a useful guide to design policy intervention strategies and investments in adaptation measures.
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Environmental Hazards and Disasters

Contexts, Perspectives and Management

Author: Bimal Kanti Paul

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470660015

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 3217

Environmental Hazards and Disasters: Contexts, Perspectives and Management focuses on manifested threats to humans and their welfare as a result of natural disasters. The book uses an integrative approach to address socio–cultural, political and physical components of the disaster process. Human and social vulnerability as well as risk to environmental hazards are explored within the comprehensive context of diverse natural hazards and disasters. In addition to scientific explanations of disastrous occurrences, people and governments of hazard–prone countries often have their own interpretations for why natural disasters occur. In such interpretations they often either blame others, in order to conceal their inability to protect themselves, or they blame themselves, attributing the events to either real or imagined misdeeds. The book contains a chapter devoted to the neglected topic of such reactions and explanations. Includes chapters on key topics such as the application of GIS in hazard studies; resiliency; disasters and poverty; climate change and sustainability and development. This book is designed as a primary text for an interdisciplinary course on hazards for upper–level undergraduate and Graduate students. Although not targeted for an introductory hazards course, students in such a course may find it very useful as well. Additionally, emergency managers, planners, and both public and private organizations involved in disaster response, and mitigation could benefit from this book along with hazard researchers. It not only includes traditional and popular hazard topics (e.g., disaster cycles, disaster relief, and risk and vulnerability), it also includes neglected topics, such as the positive impacts of disasters, disaster myths and different accounts of disasters, and disasters and gender.
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Floods in Bangladesh

History, Dynamics and Rethinking the Role of the Himalayas

Author: Thomas Höfer,Bruno Messerli

Publisher: United Nations University

ISBN: 9789280811216

Category: Fiction

Page: 468

View: 6898

There is no statistical evidence that the frequency of flooding in Bangladesh has increased during the 20th century. There is indication however, that the inter-annual variation of floods and the areal extent of big events have increased since 1950. Is it really true that deforestation and land use practices of the Himalayan farmers are to blame for the recurring and devastating monsoon floods in the plains of the Ganga and Brahmaputra? This book presents new evidence resulting from a research project onfloods in Bangladesh in the context of highland-lowland linkages.--Publisher's description.
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Environment & Planning A.

Author: Graham Crampton,European Regional Science Association. Conference

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City planning

Page: N.A

View: 5085

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Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

Vulnerability and Mitigation

Author: R. B. Singh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 5443

"Disaster management is a multidisciplinary area, covering a wide range of issues such as monitoring, forecasting, evacuation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation. It also requires multi-sectoral governance as scientists, planners, volunteers and communities all have important roles to play. These roles and activities span the pre-, during and post-disaster phases. Besides, shift of emphasis from disaster response to risk reduction has opened up areas of exploratory research in the subject. Vulnerability refers to the susceptibility of a community to a hazard. Vulnerability analysis seeks to predict disasters by ensuring timely preparedness on the part of people and institutions and concerned government agencies. The emerging arena of disaster mitigation is also becoming an integral aspect of development planning, policy formulation and implementation. This is where this book comes in. It contains 22 chapters in the form of conceptual and empirical case studies from India and other developed countries. The blend of theory, research and policy makes this book eminently worthwhile for anyone interested in disaster vulnerability and mitigation together with monitoring and forecasting and policy perspectives. It would be useful for students, researchers and teachers of geography, environmental studies, disaster management, civil engineering and policy science."
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Social Dimensions of Climate Change

Equity and Vulnerability in a Warming World

Author: Robin Mearns,Andrew Norton

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 319

View: 5221

Climate change is arguably the most profound challenge facing the international community in the 21st century. This book brings together the work of prominent researchers and practitioners who take stock of the latest knowledge on the social dimensions of climate change.
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Local Initiatives

Collective Water Management in Rural Bangladesh

Author: Jennifer E. Duyne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bangladesh

Page: 290

View: 6500

The Book Illustrates The Ingenuity Of The Bangladeshi People To Manage Their Water Resources, Without Any Institutional Or Material Support And Examines The Conditions Under Which People Get Together To Pursue Common Goals Through A Systematic And Comparative Analysis.
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Living with Risk

A Global Review of Disaster Reduction Initiatives

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211010657

Category: Disaster relief

Page: 555

View: 7771

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Indian Inter-linking of Rivers

A Preliminary Evaluation

Author: Sharon Gourdji,Carrie Knowlton,Kobi Platt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hydrologic models

Page: 156

View: 6931

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World geography

Author: Ray Sumner

Publisher: Salem Pr Inc

ISBN: 9780893566500

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 2379

View: 7511

Covers the major region of the world, with information on such topics as physical geography, biogeography, economic geography, human geography, and natural resources.
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Fisheries and Fishermen

A Socio-economic History of Fisheries and Fishermen of Colonial Bengal and Post-colonial West Bengal

Author: Rup Kumar Barman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fisheries

Page: 200

View: 7048

Proper management of the natural resources and the rights of the traditional communities to access the natural resources are no doubt important issues in the age of globalization and global warming. This book after critically examining the relationships between the fisheries and the fishermen of pre-colonial and colonial Bengal have raised some critical points regarding the management, production relations and location of the fishermen in post-colonial West Bengal. Post-colonial relationship between the fisheries and the fishermen on the other hand is deeply rooted with the partition of Bengal in 1947. Partition of Bengal had been appeared as a serious challenge to West Bengal due to the huge migration of the (fish eaters) East Bengalese to this province of India. But it supply of fish was not sufficient as Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan) had retained its possession over the prosperous fisheries of the region. All attempts of the post-colonial state to mitigate the fish crisis and the question of resettlement of the East Bengali refugee and immigrant traditional fishermen have been critically examined in this work. This book will be highly useful to the fishery scientists, social scientists, historians, politicians, environmentalists, human right activists and to the general readers of the Bengali culture.
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