Handbook on Advances in Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems

Paradigms and Applications in Forest Landscape Modeling

Author: Margarita N. Favorskaya,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319523082

Category: Computers

Page: 415

View: 1718

This book presents the latest advances in remote-sensing and geographic information systems and applications. It is divided into four parts, focusing on Airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) and Optical Measurements of Forests; Individual Tree Modelling; Landscape Scene Modelling; and Forest Eco-system Modelling. Given the scope of its coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for students, researchers, practitioners, and educators interested in remote sensing and geographic information systems and applications.
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Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems in Epidemiology

Author: Simon I. Hay,Sarah E. Randolph,David James Rogers

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123335609

Category: Medical

Page: 357

View: 7297

Global problems require global information, which satellites can now provide. With ever more sophisticated control methods being developed for infectious diseases, our ability to map spatial and temporal variation in risk is more important than ever. Only then may we plan control campaigns and deliver novel interventions and remedies where the need is greatest, and sustainable success is most likely. This book presents a comprehensive guide to using the very latest methods of surveillance from satellites, including analysing spatial data within geographical information systems, interpreting complex biological patterns, and predicting risk both today and as it may change in the future. Of all infectious disease systems, those that involve free-living invertebrate vectors or intermediate hosts are most susceptible to changing environmental conditions, and have hitherto received most attention from the marriage of analytical biology with this new space technology. Accordingly, this volume presents detailed case studies on malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), tick-borne infections and helminths (worms). For those who are unfamiliar with this science, and unsure how to start, the book ends with a chapter of practical advice on where to seek hands-on instruction. The lessons to be learned from these studies are applicable to many other epidemiological and ecological problems that face us today, most significantly the preservation of the world's biodiversity. Only book to provide a synthesis of complex biology, quantitative analysis, space technology and practical applications, focused on solving real epidemiological problems on a global scale Broad scope, with methods relevant to subjects ranging from biodiversity to public health Practical advice on relevant courses 24 pages of colour plates
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The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing

Author: Timothy A Warner,M Duane Nellis,Giles M Foody

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446246140

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 2271

'A magnificent achievement. A who's who of contemporary remote sensing have produced an engaging, wide-ranging and scholarly review of the field in just one volume' - Professor Paul Curran, Vice-Chancellor, Bournemouth University Remote Sensing acquires and interprets small or large-scale data about the Earth from a distance. Using a wide range of spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric scales Remote Sensing is a large and diverse field for which this Handbook will be the key research reference. Organized in four key sections: • Interactions of Electromagnetic Radiation with the Terrestrial Environment: chapters on Visible, Near-IR and Shortwave IR; Middle IR (3-5 micrometers); Thermal IR ; Microwave • Digital sensors and Image Characteristics: chapters on Sensor Technology; Coarse Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors ; Medium Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Fine Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Video Imaging and Multispectral Digital Photography; Hyperspectral Sensors; Radar and Passive Microwave Sensors; Lidar • Remote Sensing Analysis - Design and Implementation: chapters on Image Pre-Processing; Ground Data Collection; Integration with GIS; Quantitative Models in Remote Sensing; Validation and accuracy assessment; • Remote Sensing Analysis - Applications: LITHOSPHERIC SCIENCES: chapters on Topography; Geology; Soils; PLANT SCIENCES: Vegetation; Agriculture; HYDROSPHERIC and CRYSOPHERIC SCIENCES: Hydrosphere: Fresh and Ocean Water; Cryosphere; GLOBAL CHANGE AND HUMAN ENVIRONMENTS: Earth Systems; Human Environments & Links to the Social Sciences; Real Time Monitoring Systems and Disaster Management; Land Cover Change Illustrated throughout, an essential resource for the analysis of remotely sensed data, the SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing provides researchers with a definitive statement of the core concepts and methodologies in the discipline.
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Advances in Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing for Fisheries and Aquaculture

Summary Version

Author: Geoffery J. Meaden,José Aguilar-Manjarrez

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 98

View: 6824

The publication is an easy-to-understand publication that emphasizes the fundamental skills and processes associated with geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing. The first chapter initially puts the array of spatially related problems into perspective and discusses the earlier applications of GIS and remote sensing. Chapters, 2, 3 and 4 outline what are considered to be the basics on which GIS can function, i.e. hardware and software; spatial data; and how GIS systems themselves are best implemented. Chapter 5 looks at preparing the data for GIS use and Chapter 6 explores what remote sensing consists of and the main purposes for its use. Chapter 7 discusses the functional tools and techniques offered by typical GIS software packages. Chapters 8, 9 and 10 examine respectively, the current issues and status, including extensive case studies, of the application of GIS and remote sensing to aquaculture, to inland fisheries and to marine fisheries.
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Handbook of Research on Geographic Information Systems Applications and Advancements

Author: Faiz, Sami,Mahmoudi, Khaoula

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522509380

Category: Science

Page: 650

View: 7062

The proper management of geographic data can provide assistance to a number of different sectors within society. As such, it is imperative to continue advancing research for spatial data analysis. The Handbook of Research on Geographic Information Systems Applications and Advancements presents a thorough overview of the latest developments in effective management techniques for collecting, processing, analyzing, and utilizing geographical data and information. Highlighting theoretical frameworks and relevant applications, this book is an ideal reference source for researchers, academics, professionals, and students actively involved in the field of geographic information systems.
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Handbook of Spatial Epidemiology

Author: Andrew B. Lawson,Sudipto Banerjee,Robert P. Haining,Maria Dolores Ugarte

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148225302X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 686

View: 6352

Handbook of Spatial Epidemiology explains how to model epidemiological problems and improve inference about disease etiology from a geographical perspective. Top epidemiologists, geographers, and statisticians share interdisciplinary viewpoints on analyzing spatial data and space–time variations in disease incidences. These analyses can provide important information that leads to better decision making in public health. The first part of the book addresses general issues related to epidemiology, GIS, environmental studies, clustering, and ecological analysis. The second part presents basic statistical methods used in spatial epidemiology, including fundamental likelihood principles, Bayesian methods, and testing and nonparametric approaches. With a focus on special methods, the third part describes geostatistical models, splines, quantile regression, focused clustering, mixtures, multivariate methods, and much more. The final part examines special problems and application areas, such as residential history analysis, segregation, health services research, health surveys, infectious disease, veterinary topics, and health surveillance and clustering. Spatial epidemiology, also known as disease mapping, studies the geographical or spatial distribution of health outcomes. This handbook offers a wide-ranging overview of state-of-the-art approaches to determine the relationships between health and various risk factors, empowering researchers and policy makers to tackle public health problems.
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Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology, Second Edition

Author: John D. Bossler,James B. Campbell,Robert B. McMaster,Chris Rizos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420087345

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 854

View: 6408

Following in the tradition of its popular predecessor, the Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology, Second Edition continues to be the authoritative volume that covers all aspects of the field, both basic and applied, and includes a focus on initiating, planning, and managing GIS projects. This comprehensive resource, which contains contributions from 53 leading experts and professors in the areas of GIS, GPS, and remote sensing, reflects the very latest advances in the technology, applications, and usage of the geospatial sciences in many key disciplines, from natural resource analysis to transportation planning. Significantly updated and expanded, this reader-friendly manual introduces the fundamentals in mathematics and physics needed to perform area-wide mapping, inventory, data conversion, and analysis. The text maintains a focus on the practical aspects of these technologies and remains the only resource to cover the areas of GIS, GPS, and remote sensing with such breadth and clarity. An expanded index, new and revised figures, a color insert, and an easier to read format are among the many improvements to this edition. New to the Second Edition: Revised chapters reflecting the changes that have occurred in the technology, applications, and usage of geospacial science Coverage of GIS applications in automobile navigation and enterprise-wide applications A new chapter devoted to basic statistics and least squares solutions Expanded international scope that addresses the other Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), including the Russian Federation system (GLONASS), the Chinese system (COMPASS), and the European space agency system (GALILEO) A new chapter covering Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) A new chapter that addresses privacy issues, legal concerns, and the emerging field of public participation GIS (PPGIS) New material on the expanding field of geovisualization The text presents many real-world applications, including road map navigation using GPS, as well as problems associated with mapping, inventory of land parcels, and data analysis. Complete with helpful references, decision making tools, and many new case studies, this time-saving resource provides the practical understanding required to harness the potential of these dynamic technologies.
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Remote Sensing and GIS for Site Characterization

Applications and Standards

Author: Vernon Singhroy,D. Nebert,Arnold Ivan Johnson

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 9780803120273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 177

View: 8243

Contains selected papers from the title international symposium, held in January 1994 in San Francisco, CA. Sections on remote sensing applications, geographic information system (GIS), site characterization, and standards detail the latest findings in areas such as digital elevation data; Landsat T
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The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society

Author: Timothy Nyerges,Helen Couclelis,Robert McMaster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209628

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 418

"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.
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Integrating Scale in Remote Sensing and GIS

Author: Dale A. Quattrochi,Elizabeth Wentz,Nina Siu-Ngan Lam,Charles W. Emerson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315356252

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 402

View: 976

Integrating Scale in Remote Sensing and GIS serves as the most comprehensive documentation of the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place in integrating scale and remote sensing data. This work addresses the invariants of scale, the ability to change scale, measures of the impact of scale, scale as a parameter in process models, and the implementation of multiscale approaches as methods and techniques for integrating multiple kinds of remote sensing data collected at varying spatial, temporal, and radiometric scales. Researchers, instructors, and students alike will benefit from a guide that has been pragmatically divided into four thematic groups: scale issues and multiple scaling; physical scale as applied to natural resources; urban scale; and human health/social scale. Teeming with insights that elucidate the significance of scale as a foundation for geographic analysis, this book is a vital resource to those seriously involved in the field of GIScience.
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Sociolinguistics

An International Handbook of the Science of Language and Society

Author: Ulrich Ammon

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110141894

Category: Sociolinguistics

Page: N.A

View: 7654

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Manual of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Marguerite Madden

Publisher: Asprs Publications

ISBN: 9781570830860

Category: Science

Page: 1330

View: 741

This volume is designed to be a comprehensive resource on GIS for students, researchers and practitioners who are interested in asking spatial questions, assessing landscapes, building geodatabases and envisioning a world of integrated geospatial technologies.
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Information Fusion and Intelligent Geographic Information Systems (IF&IGIS'17)

New Frontiers in Information Fusion and Intelligent GIS: From Maritime to Land-based Research

Author: Vasily Popovich,Manfred Schrenk,Jean-Claude Thill,Christophe Claramunt,Tianzhen Wang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319595393

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 9493

This book presents the proceedings of the 8th international Symposium “Information Fusion and Intelligent Geographic Information Systems 2017” (IF&ICIS'2017), which took place at Shanghai Maritime University, China, from May 10 to 12, 2017. The goal of the symposium was to bring together leading global experts in the field of spatial information integration and intelligent GIS (IGIS) to exchange cutting-edge research ideas and experiences, to discuss perspectives on the fast-paced development of geospatial information theory, methods and models in order to demonstrate the latest advances in IGIS and discover new ways of collaboration. The topics focus on IGIS fundamentals, models, technologies and services in maritime research, such as underwater acoustics, radiolocation, navigation, marine energy, logistics, environmental management, seafood, safety of maritime navigation and others. In addition the book discusses the integration of IGIS technologies in the emerging field of digital humanities research.
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Advances in Watershed Science and Assessment

Author: Tamim Younos,Tammy E. Parece

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319142127

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 4733

This volume offers concepts, methods and case studies of innovative and evolving technologies in the area of watershed assessment. Topics discussed include: (1) Development and applications of geospatial, satellite imagery and remote sensing technologies for land monitoring; (2) Development and applications of satellite imagery for monitoring inland water quality; (3) Development and applications of water sensor technologies for real-time monitoring of water quantity and quality; and (4) Advances in biological monitoring and microbial source tracking technologies. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers involved in watershed science and environmental studies. Equally, it will serve as a valuable guide to experts in government agencies who are concerned with water-availability and water-quality issues, and engineers and other professionals involved in the design of land- and water-monitoring systems.
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GIS Applications in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry

Author: Chaudhuri, Somnath,Ray, Nilanjan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522550895

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

View: 7388

Geographic information systems (GIS) provide information that can be useful across many disciplines. One of these disciplines is the travel and hospitality industry. GIS Applications in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry is a vital scholarly publication that explores the applications of GIS to the leisure travel industry, specifically the importance of GIS in trip planning, online bookings, and location-based services. Highlighting coverage on a wide range of topics such as cultural heritage tourism, geospatial collaborative tourism recommender systems, and decision support systems, this book is geared toward business managers, academicians, researchers, graduate-level students, and professionals looking for current research on the impact of GIS on recreational travel.
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A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science at the United States Geological Survey

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Mapping Science Committee,Committee on Research Priorities for the USGS Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309179201

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 358

Comprehensive and authoritative baseline geospatial data content is crucial to the nation and to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The USGS founded its Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science (CEGIS) in 2006 to develop and distribute national geospatial data assets in a fast-moving information technology environment. In order to fulfill this mission, the USGS asked the National Research Council to assess current GIScience capabilities at the USGS, identify current and future needs for GIScience capabilities, recommend strategies for strengthening these capabilities and for collaborating with others to maximize research productivity, and make recommendations regarding the most effective research areas for CEGIS to pursue. With an initial focus on improving the capabilities of The National Map, the report recommends three priority research areas for CEGIS: information access and dissemination, data integration, and data models, and further identifies research topics within these areas that CEGIS should pursue. To address these research topics, CEGIS needs a sustainable research management process that involves a portfolio of collaborative research that balances short and long term goals.
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Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar

Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Berlin, 22–26 July 1996

Author: Albert Ansmann,Roland Neuber,Patrick Rairoux,Ulla Wandinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642606121

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 7206

Lidar or laser radar, the depth-resolved remote measurement of atmospheric parameters with optical means, has become an important tool in the field of atmospheric and environmental remote sensing. In this volume the latest progress in the development of Lidar methods, experiments, and applications is described. The content is based on selected and thoroughly refereed papers presented at the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, Berlin, 22 - 26 July 1996. The book is divided into six parts which cover the topics of tropospheric aerosols and clouds, Lidar in space, wind, water vapor, troposheric trace gases and plumes, and stratospheric and mesospheric profiling. As a supplement to fundamental LIDAR textbooks this volume may serve as a guide through the blossoming field of modern Lidar techniques.
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Remote Sensing for Geologists

A Guide to Image Interpretation

Author: Gary L. Prost

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9057026295

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 332

A guide to image interpretation, this book contains detailed color plates and tables that compare satellite imaging systems, list remote sensing web sites, and detail photointerpretation equipment. It includes case histories of the search for petroleum and mineral deposits and examines engineering uses of remote sensing. The volume comprises four sections: project initiation; exploration techniques; exploitation and engineering remote sensing; and environmental concerns. They combine to provide readers with a solid foundation of what image interpretation is and enables them to recognize features of interest and effectively use imagery in projects for the petroleum, mining, or groundwater industries.
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