Handbook on Advances in Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems

Paradigms and Applications in Forest Landscape Modeling

Author: Margarita N. Favorskaya,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319523082

Category: Computers

Page: 415

View: 4991

This book presents the latest advances in remote-sensing and geographic information systems and applications. It is divided into four parts, focusing on Airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) and Optical Measurements of Forests; Individual Tree Modelling; Landscape Scene Modelling; and Forest Eco-system Modelling. Given the scope of its coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for students, researchers, practitioners, and educators interested in remote sensing and geographic information systems and applications.
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Advances in Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing for Fisheries and Aquaculture

Summary Version

Author: Geoffery J. Meaden,José Aguilar-Manjarrez

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 98

View: 3842

The publication is an easy-to-understand publication that emphasizes the fundamental skills and processes associated with geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing. The first chapter initially puts the array of spatially related problems into perspective and discusses the earlier applications of GIS and remote sensing. Chapters, 2, 3 and 4 outline what are considered to be the basics on which GIS can function, i.e. hardware and software; spatial data; and how GIS systems themselves are best implemented. Chapter 5 looks at preparing the data for GIS use and Chapter 6 explores what remote sensing consists of and the main purposes for its use. Chapter 7 discusses the functional tools and techniques offered by typical GIS software packages. Chapters 8, 9 and 10 examine respectively, the current issues and status, including extensive case studies, of the application of GIS and remote sensing to aquaculture, to inland fisheries and to marine fisheries.
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Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems in Epidemiology

Author: Simon I. Hay,Sarah E. Randolph,David James Rogers

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123335609

Category: Medical

Page: 357

View: 1085

Global problems require global information, which satellites can now provide. With ever more sophisticated control methods being developed for infectious diseases, our ability to map spatial and temporal variation in risk is more important than ever. Only then may we plan control campaigns and deliver novel interventions and remedies where the need is greatest, and sustainable success is most likely. This book presents a comprehensive guide to using the very latest methods of surveillance from satellites, including analysing spatial data within geographical information systems, interpreting complex biological patterns, and predicting risk both today and as it may change in the future. Of all infectious disease systems, those that involve free-living invertebrate vectors or intermediate hosts are most susceptible to changing environmental conditions, and have hitherto received most attention from the marriage of analytical biology with this new space technology. Accordingly, this volume presents detailed case studies on malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), tick-borne infections and helminths (worms). For those who are unfamiliar with this science, and unsure how to start, the book ends with a chapter of practical advice on where to seek hands-on instruction. The lessons to be learned from these studies are applicable to many other epidemiological and ecological problems that face us today, most significantly the preservation of the world's biodiversity. Only book to provide a synthesis of complex biology, quantitative analysis, space technology and practical applications, focused on solving real epidemiological problems on a global scale Broad scope, with methods relevant to subjects ranging from biodiversity to public health Practical advice on relevant courses 24 pages of colour plates
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Handbook of Research on Geographic Information Systems Applications and Advancements

Author: Faiz, Sami,Mahmoudi, Khaoula

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522509380

Category: Science

Page: 650

View: 1673

The proper management of geographic data can provide assistance to a number of different sectors within society. As such, it is imperative to continue advancing research for spatial data analysis. The Handbook of Research on Geographic Information Systems Applications and Advancements presents a thorough overview of the latest developments in effective management techniques for collecting, processing, analyzing, and utilizing geographical data and information. Highlighting theoretical frameworks and relevant applications, this book is an ideal reference source for researchers, academics, professionals, and students actively involved in the field of geographic information systems.
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The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing

Author: Timothy A Warner,M Duane Nellis,Giles M Foody

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446246140

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 3782

'A magnificent achievement. A who's who of contemporary remote sensing have produced an engaging, wide-ranging and scholarly review of the field in just one volume' - Professor Paul Curran, Vice-Chancellor, Bournemouth University Remote Sensing acquires and interprets small or large-scale data about the Earth from a distance. Using a wide range of spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric scales Remote Sensing is a large and diverse field for which this Handbook will be the key research reference. Organized in four key sections: • Interactions of Electromagnetic Radiation with the Terrestrial Environment: chapters on Visible, Near-IR and Shortwave IR; Middle IR (3-5 micrometers); Thermal IR ; Microwave • Digital sensors and Image Characteristics: chapters on Sensor Technology; Coarse Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors ; Medium Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Fine Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors; Video Imaging and Multispectral Digital Photography; Hyperspectral Sensors; Radar and Passive Microwave Sensors; Lidar • Remote Sensing Analysis - Design and Implementation: chapters on Image Pre-Processing; Ground Data Collection; Integration with GIS; Quantitative Models in Remote Sensing; Validation and accuracy assessment; • Remote Sensing Analysis - Applications: LITHOSPHERIC SCIENCES: chapters on Topography; Geology; Soils; PLANT SCIENCES: Vegetation; Agriculture; HYDROSPHERIC and CRYSOPHERIC SCIENCES: Hydrosphere: Fresh and Ocean Water; Cryosphere; GLOBAL CHANGE AND HUMAN ENVIRONMENTS: Earth Systems; Human Environments & Links to the Social Sciences; Real Time Monitoring Systems and Disaster Management; Land Cover Change Illustrated throughout, an essential resource for the analysis of remotely sensed data, the SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing provides researchers with a definitive statement of the core concepts and methodologies in the discipline.
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Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology, Second Edition

Author: John D. Bossler,James B. Campbell,Robert B. McMaster,Chris Rizos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420087345

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 854

View: 5638

Following in the tradition of its popular predecessor, the Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology, Second Edition continues to be the authoritative volume that covers all aspects of the field, both basic and applied, and includes a focus on initiating, planning, and managing GIS projects. This comprehensive resource, which contains contributions from 53 leading experts and professors in the areas of GIS, GPS, and remote sensing, reflects the very latest advances in the technology, applications, and usage of the geospatial sciences in many key disciplines, from natural resource analysis to transportation planning. Significantly updated and expanded, this reader-friendly manual introduces the fundamentals in mathematics and physics needed to perform area-wide mapping, inventory, data conversion, and analysis. The text maintains a focus on the practical aspects of these technologies and remains the only resource to cover the areas of GIS, GPS, and remote sensing with such breadth and clarity. An expanded index, new and revised figures, a color insert, and an easier to read format are among the many improvements to this edition. New to the Second Edition: Revised chapters reflecting the changes that have occurred in the technology, applications, and usage of geospacial science Coverage of GIS applications in automobile navigation and enterprise-wide applications A new chapter devoted to basic statistics and least squares solutions Expanded international scope that addresses the other Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), including the Russian Federation system (GLONASS), the Chinese system (COMPASS), and the European space agency system (GALILEO) A new chapter covering Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) A new chapter that addresses privacy issues, legal concerns, and the emerging field of public participation GIS (PPGIS) New material on the expanding field of geovisualization The text presents many real-world applications, including road map navigation using GPS, as well as problems associated with mapping, inventory of land parcels, and data analysis. Complete with helpful references, decision making tools, and many new case studies, this time-saving resource provides the practical understanding required to harness the potential of these dynamic technologies.
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Integrating Scale in Remote Sensing and GIS

Author: Dale A. Quattrochi,Elizabeth Wentz,Nina Siu-Ngan Lam,Charles W. Emerson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315356252

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 402

View: 5610

Integrating Scale in Remote Sensing and GIS serves as the most comprehensive documentation of the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place in integrating scale and remote sensing data. This work addresses the invariants of scale, the ability to change scale, measures of the impact of scale, scale as a parameter in process models, and the implementation of multiscale approaches as methods and techniques for integrating multiple kinds of remote sensing data collected at varying spatial, temporal, and radiometric scales. Researchers, instructors, and students alike will benefit from a guide that has been pragmatically divided into four thematic groups: scale issues and multiple scaling; physical scale as applied to natural resources; urban scale; and human health/social scale. Teeming with insights that elucidate the significance of scale as a foundation for geographic analysis, this book is a vital resource to those seriously involved in the field of GIScience.
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Manual of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Marguerite Madden

Publisher: Asprs Publications

ISBN: 9781570830860

Category: Science

Page: 1330

View: 1264

This volume is designed to be a comprehensive resource on GIS for students, researchers and practitioners who are interested in asking spatial questions, assessing landscapes, building geodatabases and envisioning a world of integrated geospatial technologies.
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Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Author: Wolfgang Kresse,David M. Danko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540726802

Category: Science

Page: 1120

View: 5334

Computer science provides a powerful tool that was virtually unknown three generations ago. Some of the classical fields of knowledge are geodesy (surveying), cartography, and geography. Electronics have revolutionized geodetic methods. Cartography has faced the dominance of the computer that results in simplified cartographic products. All three fields make use of basic components such as the Internet and databases. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is organized in three parts, Basics, Geographic Information and Applications. Some parts of the basics belong to the larger field of computer science. However, the reader gets a comprehensive view on geographic information because the topics selected from computer science have a close relation to geographic information. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is written for scientists at universities and industry as well as advanced and PhD students.
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An Introduction to Contemporary Remote Sensing

Author: Qihao Weng

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071740120

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 7979

A PRACTICAL, FULL-COLOR GUIDE TO REMOTE SENSING Written by an internationally renowned expert in the field, An Introduction to Contemporary Remote Sensing introduces the latest developments in remote sensing and imaging science. This book covers basic principles and discusses essential technologies, such as aerial photography, radar, Lidar (light detection and ranging), photogrammetry, satellites, thermal radiation, and much more. Full-color images illustrate the concepts presented, and review questions at the end of each chapter help reinforce learning. This detailed resource provides the solid foundation in remote sensing required for developing diverse geospatial applications. Coverage includes: Geographic information system (GIS) Global positioning system (GPS), mobile mapping, and Google Earth Electromagnetic radiation principles Characteristics of remotely sensed data Spatial, spectral, radiometric, and temporal resolution Aerial photo interpretation Photogrammetry Remote sensors Earth observation satellites Digital image analysis Thermal remote sensing Active remote sensing
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Handbook of Spatial Epidemiology

Author: Andrew B. Lawson,Sudipto Banerjee,Robert P. Haining,Maria Dolores Ugarte

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148225302X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 686

View: 9978

Handbook of Spatial Epidemiology explains how to model epidemiological problems and improve inference about disease etiology from a geographical perspective. Top epidemiologists, geographers, and statisticians share interdisciplinary viewpoints on analyzing spatial data and space–time variations in disease incidences. These analyses can provide important information that leads to better decision making in public health. The first part of the book addresses general issues related to epidemiology, GIS, environmental studies, clustering, and ecological analysis. The second part presents basic statistical methods used in spatial epidemiology, including fundamental likelihood principles, Bayesian methods, and testing and nonparametric approaches. With a focus on special methods, the third part describes geostatistical models, splines, quantile regression, focused clustering, mixtures, multivariate methods, and much more. The final part examines special problems and application areas, such as residential history analysis, segregation, health services research, health surveys, infectious disease, veterinary topics, and health surveillance and clustering. Spatial epidemiology, also known as disease mapping, studies the geographical or spatial distribution of health outcomes. This handbook offers a wide-ranging overview of state-of-the-art approaches to determine the relationships between health and various risk factors, empowering researchers and policy makers to tackle public health problems.
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Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies

Author: Prasad S. Thenkabail, Ph.D.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482217872

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 678

View: 5622

A volume in the Remote Sensing Handbook series, Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Land Resources Monitoring, Modeling, and Mapping with Remote Sensing, and Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies. This volume demonstrates the experience, utility, methods, and models used in studying a wide array of remotely sensed data characterization, classification, and accuracies for terrestrial applications. Leading experts on global geographic coverage, study areas, and array of satellite and sensors contribute to this unique handbook. This theoretical as well as highly practical book represents a thorough history of advancement in the field over last 50 years, bringing us to where we are now, and highlighting future possibilities. Highlights include: Fundamental and advanced topics in remote-sensing satellites and sensors Remote sensing data calibration, normalization, harmonization, and synthesis Optical, Radar, LiDAR, thermal, hyperspectral, and other satellite sensors, normalization of remotely sensed data, and data degradations Digital image processing, urban image classification, and image classification methods in land use\land cover, cropland, change detection studies Enhanced vegetation indices and standardization of vegetation indices Object-based image analysis (OBIA) and geospatial data integration LiDAR data processing and applications Geoprocessing, GIS, and GIScience GNSS applications Crowdsourcing and cloud computing Google Earth for Earth Sciences Map accuracies Remote-sensing law or space law, and a host of other topics Considered magnum opus on the subject, the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook is edited by Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail of the United States Geological Survey and a renowned international expert in remote sensing and GIScience, with contributions from the very best leading global experts, the handbook gives you a knowledge base on the evolution of remote sensing science, current state-of-the-art technology, and a future vision for the field.
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Handbook on Geographic Information Systems and Digital Mapping

Author: United Nations. Statistical Division

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211614268

Category: Census

Page: 197

View: 9140

The rapid recent developments in digital mapping technology and the increasing demand for geo-referenced small area population data have been the main motivation for the present handbook. The Handbook provides guidance on how to ensure consistency and facilitate census operations; support data collection and help monitor census activities during enumeration; and facilitate presentation, analysis and dissemination of census results. Along with an overview of geographic information systems and digital mapping, the publication discusses cost-benefit analysis of an investment in digital cartography and geographical information systems (GIS); the use of GIS during census enumeration; and describes the role of GIS and digital mapping in the post-censal phase [from UN website].
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Advances in Watershed Science and Assessment

Author: Tamim Younos,Tammy E. Parece

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319142127

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 8809

This volume offers concepts, methods and case studies of innovative and evolving technologies in the area of watershed assessment. Topics discussed include: (1) Development and applications of geospatial, satellite imagery and remote sensing technologies for land monitoring; (2) Development and applications of satellite imagery for monitoring inland water quality; (3) Development and applications of water sensor technologies for real-time monitoring of water quantity and quality; and (4) Advances in biological monitoring and microbial source tracking technologies. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers involved in watershed science and environmental studies. Equally, it will serve as a valuable guide to experts in government agencies who are concerned with water-availability and water-quality issues, and engineers and other professionals involved in the design of land- and water-monitoring systems.
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GIS Applications in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry

Author: Chaudhuri, Somnath,Ray, Nilanjan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522550895

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

View: 2983

Geographic information systems (GIS) provide information that can be useful across many disciplines. One of these disciplines is the travel and hospitality industry. GIS Applications in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry is a vital scholarly publication that explores the applications of GIS to the leisure travel industry, specifically the importance of GIS in trip planning, online bookings, and location-based services. Highlighting coverage on a wide range of topics such as cultural heritage tourism, geospatial collaborative tourism recommender systems, and decision support systems, this book is geared toward business managers, academicians, researchers, graduate-level students, and professionals looking for current research on the impact of GIS on recreational travel.
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Remote Sensing and GIS for Site Characterization

Applications and Standards

Author: Vernon Singhroy,D. Nebert,Arnold Ivan Johnson

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 9780803120273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 177

View: 6010

Contains selected papers from the title international symposium, held in January 1994 in San Francisco, CA. Sections on remote sensing applications, geographic information system (GIS), site characterization, and standards detail the latest findings in areas such as digital elevation data; Landsat T
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Information Fusion and Intelligent Geographic Information Systems (IF&IGIS'17)

New Frontiers in Information Fusion and Intelligent GIS: From Maritime to Land-based Research

Author: Vasily Popovich,Manfred Schrenk,Jean-Claude Thill,Christophe Claramunt,Tianzhen Wang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319595393

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 2993

This book presents the proceedings of the 8th international Symposium “Information Fusion and Intelligent Geographic Information Systems 2017” (IF&ICIS'2017), which took place at Shanghai Maritime University, China, from May 10 to 12, 2017. The goal of the symposium was to bring together leading global experts in the field of spatial information integration and intelligent GIS (IGIS) to exchange cutting-edge research ideas and experiences, to discuss perspectives on the fast-paced development of geospatial information theory, methods and models in order to demonstrate the latest advances in IGIS and discover new ways of collaboration. The topics focus on IGIS fundamentals, models, technologies and services in maritime research, such as underwater acoustics, radiolocation, navigation, marine energy, logistics, environmental management, seafood, safety of maritime navigation and others. In addition the book discusses the integration of IGIS technologies in the emerging field of digital humanities research.
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Handbook of Research on Geospatial Science and Technologies

Author: Maphanyane, Joyce Gosata,Mapeo, Read Brown Mthanganyika,Akinola, Modupe O.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522534415

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 457

View: 7718

The impacts of climate change are beginning to be felt throughout the world, yet there is no clear explanation as to how these changes will alter our future. The research being conducted within the geospatial science field is pivotal to understanding the effects the global environment is experiencing. The Handbook of Research on Geospatial Science and Technologies is an essential scholarly reference source that evaluates the current methodologies and trends in geospatial science, and how these insights provide society with more efficient and effective ways to manage natural resources. Featuring discussions on relevant topics such as cartography, geographical information systems, remotely sensed data, and sustainability management, this publication is an informative resource for all academicians, students, scientists, and researchers that are interested in emerging developments within geospatial science.
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The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society

Author: Timothy Nyerges,Helen Couclelis,Robert McMaster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209628

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 2823

"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.
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Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar

Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Berlin, 22–26 July 1996

Author: Albert Ansmann,Roland Neuber,Patrick Rairoux,Ulla Wandinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642606121

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 2640

Lidar or laser radar, the depth-resolved remote measurement of atmospheric parameters with optical means, has become an important tool in the field of atmospheric and environmental remote sensing. In this volume the latest progress in the development of Lidar methods, experiments, and applications is described. The content is based on selected and thoroughly refereed papers presented at the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, Berlin, 22 - 26 July 1996. The book is divided into six parts which cover the topics of tropospheric aerosols and clouds, Lidar in space, wind, water vapor, troposheric trace gases and plumes, and stratospheric and mesospheric profiling. As a supplement to fundamental LIDAR textbooks this volume may serve as a guide through the blossoming field of modern Lidar techniques.
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