Handbook of Research on Geoinformatics

Author: Karimi, Hassan A.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591409969

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 518

View: 5803

"This book discusses the complete range of contemporary research topics such as computer modeling, geometry, geoprocessing, and geographic information systems"--Provided by publisher.
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Open Source Cloud Computing Systems: Practices and Paradigms

Practices and Paradigms

Author: Vaquero, Luis M.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466600993

Category: Computers

Page: 378

View: 8602

"This book bridges the gap between solutions and users' needs pertaining to the most relevant open source cloud technologies available today from a practical perspective"--
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CAD and GIS Integration

Author: Hassan A. Karimi,Burcu Akinci

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420068061

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 247

View: 1980

When used together effectively, computer-aided design (CAD) and geospatial information systems (GIS) have a solid track record for streamlining decision making and reducing inefficiencies in the design, planning, and execution of critical operations and projects. And a growing number of engineering tasks in numerous fields—including design, architecture, construction, and asset management—now require the knowledge of many interrelated yet disconnected CAD/GIS tools and task-specific software. A multidisciplinary resource delineating existing and emerging solutions for CAD/GIS integration issues, CAD and GIS Integration provides a clear understanding of the state of the art in this area of growing importance. It brings together in-depth descriptions of existing and emerging techniques, methodologies, and technologies to examine approaches that enable data and operations interoperability between CAD/GIS. Starting with a review of fundamental concepts and theories, the book: Addresses contemporary issues and challenges Provides a collection of helpful methodologies, techniques, and technologies for integrating CAD and GIS Presents balanced coverage of CAD and GIS technologies and applications Highlights emerging trends in CAD/GIS integration Explores the state-of-the-art in the application of CAD and GIS technologies, data, and operations for decision making From early developments to current trends and future directions, this concise resource allows you to get up to speed quickly on what it takes to get the most of these two dynamic technologies. Numerous example applications of effective CAD/GIS integration provide the understanding needed to improve designs, make better decisions, and reduce or even eliminate costly errors in your next project.
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Indoor Wayfinding and Navigation

Author: Hassan A. Karimi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482230852

Category: Computers

Page: 266

View: 668

Outdoor wayfinding and navigation systems and services have become indispensable in people's mobility in unfamiliar environments. Advances in key technologies (e.g., positioning and mobile devices), has spurred interest in research and development of indoor wayfinding and navigation systems and services in recent years. Indoor Wayfinding and Navigation provides both breadth and depth of knowledge in designing and building indoor wayfinding and navigation systems and services. It covers the types of sensors both feasible and practical for localization of users inside buildings. The book discusses current approaches, techniques, and technologies for addressing issues in indoor wayfinding and navigation systems and services. It includes coverage of the cognitive, positioning, mapping, and application perspectives, an unusual but useful combination of information. This mix of different perspectives helps you better understand the issues and challenges of building indoor wayfinding and navigation systems and services, how they are different from those used outdoors, and how they can be used efficiently and effectively in challenging applications. Written by well-known specialists in the field, the book addresses all aspects of indoor wayfinding and navigation. It includes the latest research developments on the topic, succinctly covers the fundamentals, and details the issues and challenges in building new systems and services. With this information, you can design indoor wayfinding and navigation systems and services for a variety of uses and users.
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The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society

Author: Timothy Nyerges,Helen Couclelis,Robert McMaster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 147397125X

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5268

"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.
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Local Food Systems in Old Industrial Regions

Concepts, Spatial Context, and Local Practices

Author: Dr Jay D Gatrell,Ms Paula S Ross,Professor Neil Reid

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409461475

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 1247

In recent years there has been an explosion of interest in local food systems-among policy makers, planners, and public health professionals, as well as environmentalists, community developers, academics, farmers, and ordinary citizens. While most local food systems share common characteristics, the chapters in this book explore the unique challenges and opportunities of local food systems located within mature and/or declining industrial regions. Local food systems have the potential to provide residents with a supply of safe and nutritious food; such systems also have the potential to create much-needed employment opportunities. However, challenges are numerous and include developing local markets of a sufficient scale, adequately matching supply and demand, and meeting the environmental challenges of finding safe growing locations. Interrogating the scale, scope, and economic context of local food systems in aging industrialized cities, this book provides a foundation for the development of new sub-fields in economic, urban, and agricultural geographies that focus on local food systems. The book represents a first attempt to provide a systematic picture of the opportunities and challenges facing the development of local food systems in old industrial regions.
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A Research Guide to Cartographic Resources

Print and Electronic Sources

Author: Eva H. Dodsworth

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538100843

Category: Reference

Page: 450

View: 7249

This book navigates the numerous American and Canadian cartographic resources available in print, and online, offering information on how to locate and access the large variety of resources. Cartographic materials are highlighted and summarized, along with lists of map libraries and geospatial centers, and related professional associations.
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Geospatial Data Science Techniques and Applications

Author: Hassan A. Karimi,Bobak Karimi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351855980

Category: Computers

Page: 258

View: 5398

The lack of a clear understanding of geoscience science data techniques and related uncertainties could generate incorrect results and interpretations. This book discusses modern geospatial data science techniques and their use in geology, environmental studies, geography, and climatology. It provides case studies on the use of geospatial data science techniques in solving geospatial problems using raster data and vector data. These strategies help readers gain an in-depth knowledge of the different spatial data techniques that can be used for analysing and solving geoscience problems. The case studies are based on widespread problems and are of practical importance in any geographic area.
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Resource Management Information Systems

Remote Sensing, GIS and Modelling, Second Edition

Author: Keith R. McCloy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415263405

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 616

View: 1867

Resource Management Information Systems: Remote Sensing, GIS and Modelling, Second Edition provides you with the knowledge and skill necessary to design, build, implement, and operate spatial resource management information systems for the management of physical resources. This volume promotes the use of these technologies in a spatial context, enabling you to apply information systems toward the management of resources in agriculture, forestry, land use planning, valuation, engineering, and many additional fields. A follow-up to the first edition, Resource Management Information Systems: Process and Practice, this book offers extensive revisions, reflecting the rapidly evolving nature of the technologies needed to manage spatial resources.
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Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Author: Wolfgang Kresse,David M. Danko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540726780

Category: Computers

Page: 1200

View: 7865

Computer science provides a powerful tool that was virtually unknown three generations ago. Some of the classical fields of knowledge are geodesy (surveying), cartography, and geography. Electronics have revolutionized geodetic methods. Cartography has faced the dominance of the computer that results in simplified cartographic products. All three fields make use of basic components such as the Internet and databases. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is organized in three parts, Basics, Geographic Information and Applications. Some parts of the basics belong to the larger field of computer science. However, the reader gets a comprehensive view on geographic information because the topics selected from computer science have a close relation to geographic information. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is written for scientists at universities and industry as well as advanced and PhD students.
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Citizen E-Participation in Urban Governance: Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity

Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity

Author: Silva, Carlos Nunes

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466641703

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 3404

The relationship between citizens and city governments is gradually transforming due to the utilization of advanced information and communication technologies in order to inform, consult, and engage citizens. Citizen E-Participation in Urban Governance: Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity explores the nature of the new challenges confronting citizens and local governments in the field of urban governance. This comprehensive reference source explores the role that Web 2.0 technologies play in promoting citizen participation and empowerment in the city government and is intended for scholars, researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of urban studies, urban planning, political science, public administration, and more.
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The Contribution of GIS and Remote Sensing to Farming Systems Research on Micro- and Regional Scale in North West Vietnam

Author: Peter Lentes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783823614081

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: 167

View: 2981

On the example of a mountain region in the northwest of Vietnam, the study investigates, how the strengths of GIS and remote sensing can be transferred to farming systems research. Such an integration of both disciplines allows the consideration of spatial information that goes beyond the usual use of transportation cost in economics. In this way, the holistic farming systems approach can be based on a broader database that includes space in a different way as in the past. The spatial analysis of the physical and socio-economic environment enables the comparison of characteristics for spatially closed areas. Data from geo-informatics assess the spatial reference system of farming systems by means of their physical site conditions. The socio-economic site conditions for these framing systems are assessed through the classical farming systems research methodology based on family level surveys. Thus the spatial integration of socio-economic development allows to unify the strengths of both research areas. In doing so, GIS and remote sensing contribute to farming systems research by assessing the site conditions of the farming systems on a spatially explicit and on a regional basis. This can be achieved by means of instruments like 1. the spatial representation of gradients, 2. the classification of zones according to socio-economic criteria, 3. the regional assessment and valuation of the endowment of agricultural land and 4. the modelling of socio economic parameters, like income, on the basis of spatial data on regional scale.
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Small-Scale Map Projection Design

Author: Frank Canters

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203472095

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 1220

The use of computers in cartography has made it a lot easier for map makers to transform data from one map projection to another and experiment with alternative representations of geographical data. Yet this has also created new challenges and opportunities for map projection scientists. Small Scale Map Projection Design focuses on numerical map projection research, and is written from the perspective of the map projection user. It demonstrates how advances in the measurement of map projection distortion and in the development of low error map projections can help map makers decide what type of map projection is best for their purpose, and shows how they can eventually design their own tailor-made map projections. A number of significant contributions have been made to the subject over recent decades, and these are reviewed along with a substantial amount of original, unpublished material. This theoretical material is tied to practical applications and issues such as map projection use, optimization and selection, which are far too often carried out with simple rules-of-thumb methods.
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Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466620390

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2102

View: 2671

Developments in technologies have evolved in a much wider use of technology throughout science, government, and business; resulting in the expansion of geographic information systems. GIS is the academic study and practice of presenting geographical data through a system designed to capture, store, analyze, and manage geographic information. Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a collection of knowledge on the latest advancements and research of geographic information systems. This book aims to be useful for academics and practitioners involved in geographical data.
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Handbook of Mathematical Geosciences

Fifty Years of IAMG

Author: B.S. Daya Sagar,Qiuming Cheng,Frits Agterberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319789996

Category: Science

Page: 914

View: 9703

This Open Access handbook published at the IAMG's 50th anniversary, presents a compilation of invited path-breaking research contributions by award-winning geoscientists who have been instrumental in shaping the IAMG. It contains 45 chapters that are categorized broadly into five parts (i) theory, (ii) general applications, (iii) exploration and resource estimation, (iv) reviews, and (v) reminiscences covering related topics like mathematical geosciences, mathematical morphology, geostatistics, fractals and multifractals, spatial statistics, multipoint geostatistics, compositional data analysis, informatics, geocomputation, numerical methods, and chaos theory in the geosciences.
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Handbook of Tropical Residual Soils Engineering

Author: Bujang B.K. Huat,David G. Toll,Arun Prasad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415457319

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 8185

Residual soils are found in many parts of the world. Like other soils, they are used extensively in construction, either to build upon, or as construction material. They are formed when the rate of rock weathering is more rapid than transportation of the weathered particles by e.g., water, gravity and wind, which results in a large share of the soils formed remaining in place. The soils typically retain many of the characteristics of the parent rock. In a tropical region, residual soil layers can be very thick, sometimes extending to hundreds of meters before reaching un-weathered rock. Unlike the more familiar transported sediment soil, the engineering properties and behaviour of tropical residual soils may vary widely from place to place depending upon the rock of origin and the local climate during their formation; and hence are more difficult to predict and model mathematically. Despite their abundance and significance our knowledge and understanding of these soils is not as extensive as that of transported sediment soil. Written by residual soil specialists from various parts of the world, this unique handbook presents data, knowledge and expertise on the subject. It provides insight into the engineering behaviour of tropical residual soils, which will be applicable to small or extensive construction works worldwide on such soils. This book covers almost all aspects of residual soils, from genesis, classification, formation, sampling and testing to behaviour of weakly bonded and unsaturated soil, volume change and shear strength. It features chapters on applications in slopes and foundation, as well as dedicated parts on residual soils in India, Hong Kong and Southeast Asia. A large number of graphs, tables, maps and references throughout the text provide further detail and insight. This volume is intended as a reference guide for practitioners, researchers and advanced students in civil, construction and geological engineering. Unique in its coverage of the subject, it may serve as a standard that benefits every engineer involved in geological, foundation and construction work in tropical residual soils.
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