Handbook of Applied System Science

Author: Zachary P. Neal

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317607082

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 3094

The Handbook of Applied System Science is organized around both methodological approaches in systems science, and the substantive topic to which these approaches have been applied. The volume begins with an essay that introduces three system science methods: agent-based modeling, system dynamics, and network analysis. The remainder of the volume is organized around three broad topics: (1) health and human development, (2) environment and sustainability, and (3) communities and social change. Each part begins with a brief introductory essay, and includes nine chapters that demonstrate the application of system science methods to address research questions in these areas. This handbook will be useful for work in Public Health, Sociology, Criminal Justice, Social Work, Political Science, Environmental Studies, Urban Studies, and Psychology.
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Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business

Author: Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466625198

Category: Computers

Page: 746

View: 7115

Using the same strategy for the needs of image processing and pattern recognition, scientists and researchers have turned to computational intelligence for better research throughputs and end results applied towards engineering, science, business and financial applications. Handbook of Research on Computational Intelligence for Engineering, Science, and Business discusses the computation intelligence approaches, initiatives and applications in the engineering, science and business fields. This reference aims to highlight computational intelligence as no longer limited to computing-related disciplines and can be applied to any effort which handles complex and meaningful information.
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Handbook of Applied Developmental Science

Promoting Positive Child, Adolescent, and Family Development Through Research, Policies, and Programs

Author: Richard M. Lerner,Francine Jacobs,Donald Wertlieb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761922780

Category: Psychology

Page: 2296

View: 6120

This Handbook comprehensively presents the latest theory, research, and application from applied developmental science (ADS) and the positive psychology movement. It summarizes and synthesizes the best scientific knowledge from ADS to help readers understand the efforts being made around the world to ensure that all children and adolescents develop into healthy adults who contribute positively to society.
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Handbook of Network and System Administration

Author: Jan Bergstra,Mark Burgess

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080553580

Category: Computers

Page: 1028

View: 4301

System administration is about the design, running and maintenance of human-computer systems. Examples of human-computer systems include business enterprises, service institutions and any extensive machinery that is operated by, or interacts with human beings. System administration is often thought of as the technological side of a system: the architecture, construction and optimization of the collaborating parts, but it also occasionally touches on softer factors such as user assistance (help desks), ethical considerations in deploying a system, and the larger implications of its design for others who come into contact with it. This book summarizes the state of research and practice in this emerging field of network and system administration, in an anthology of chapters written by the top academics in the field. The authors include members of the IST-EMANICS Network of Excellence in Network Management. This book will be a valuable reference work for researchers and senior system managers wanting to understand the essentials of system administration, whether in practical application of a data center or in the design of new systems and data centers. - Covers data center planning and design - Discusses configuration management - Illustrates business modeling and system administration - Provides the latest theoretical developments
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Handbook of Applied Algorithms

Solving Scientific, Engineering, and Practical Problems

Author: Amiya Nayak,Ivan Stojmenovic

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470175644

Category: Computers

Page: 560

View: 3170

Discover the benefits of applying algorithms to solve scientific, engineering, and practical problems Providing a combination of theory, algorithms, and simulations, Handbook of Applied Algorithms presents an all-encompassing treatment of applying algorithms and discrete mathematics to practical problems in "hot" application areas, such as computational biology, computational chemistry, wireless networks, and computer vision. In eighteen self-contained chapters, this timely book explores: * Localized algorithms that can be used in topology control for wireless ad-hoc or sensor networks * Bioinformatics algorithms for analyzing data * Clustering algorithms and identification of association rules in data mining * Applications of combinatorial algorithms and graph theory in chemistry and molecular biology * Optimizing the frequency planning of a GSM network using evolutionary algorithms * Algorithmic solutions and advances achieved through game theory Complete with exercises for readers to measure their comprehension of the material presented, Handbook of Applied Algorithms is a much-needed resource for researchers, practitioners, and students within computer science, life science, and engineering. Amiya Nayak, PhD, has over seventeen years of industrial experience and is Full Professor at the School of Information Technology and Engineering at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is on the editorial board of several journals. Dr. Nayak's research interests are in the areas of fault tolerance, distributed systems/algorithms, and mobile ad-hoc networks. Ivan StojmenoviC?, PhD, is Professor at the University of Ottawa, Canada (www.site.uottawa.ca/~ivan), and Chair Professor of Applied Computing at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. Dr. Stojmenovic? received the Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. His current research interests are mostly in the design and analysis of algorithms for wireless ad-hoc and sensor networks.
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Handbook of Networks in Power Systems II

Author: Alexey Sorokin,Steffen Rebennack,Panos M. Pardalos,Niko A. Iliadis,Mario V. F. Pereira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642234062

Category: Mathematics

Page: 220

View: 4329

Energy has been an inevitable component of human lives for decades. Recent rapid developments in the area require analyzing energy systems not as independent components but rather as connected interdependent networks. The Handbook of Networks in Power Systems includes the state-of-the-art developments that occurred in the power systems networks, in particular gas, electricity, liquid fuels, freight networks, as well as their interactions. The book is separated into two volumes with three sections, where one scientific paper or more are included to cover most important areas of networks in power systems. The first volume covers topics arising in electricity network, in particular electricity markets, smart grid, network expansion, as well as risk management. The second volume presents problems arising in gas networks; such as scheduling and planning of natural gas systems, pricing, as well as optimal location of gas supply units. In addition, the second volume covers the topics of interactions between energy networks. Each subject is identified following the activity on the domain and the recognition of each subject as an area of research. The scientific papers are authored by world specialists on the domain and present either state-of-the-arts reviews or scientific developments.
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Handbook of Applied Spatial Analysis

Software Tools, Methods and Applications

Author: Manfred M. Fischer,Arthur Getis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642036477

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 811

View: 1967

The Handbook is written for academics, researchers, practitioners and advanced graduate students. It has been designed to be read by those new or starting out in the field of spatial analysis as well as by those who are already familiar with the field. The chapters have been written in such a way that readers who are new to the field will gain important overview and insight. At the same time, those readers who are already practitioners in the field will gain through the advanced and/or updated tools and new materials and state-of-the-art developments included. This volume provides an accounting of the diversity of current and emergent approaches, not available elsewhere despite the many excellent journals and te- books that exist. Most of the chapters are original, some few are reprints from the Journal of Geographical Systems, Geographical Analysis, The Review of Regional Studies and Letters of Spatial and Resource Sciences. We let our contributors - velop, from their particular perspective and insights, their own strategies for m- ping the part of terrain for which they were responsible. As the chapters were submitted, we became the first consumers of the project we had initiated. We gained from depth, breadth and distinctiveness of our contributors’ insights and, in particular, the presence of links between them.
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Handbook of Non-Invasive Drug Delivery Systems

Science and Technology

Author: Vitthal S. Kulkarni

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780815520269

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 8840

With the improvements in formulation science and certain transdermal delivery technologies, the non-invasive mode of drug delivery is now ready to compete with traditional methods of oral and injectible routes of drug delivery. The Handbook of Non-Invasive Drug Delivery Systems encompasses the broad field of non-invasive drug delivery systems that include drug delivery via topical, transdermal-passive, transdermal-active (device- aided enhanced penetration), trans-mucosal membrane, trans-ocular membrane as well as delivery via alveolar membrane from inhaled medication. Patient compliance has been found to be much higher when administrated by non-invasive routes and therefore they are considered to be a preferred mode of drug delivery. The book includes both science and technological aspects of new drug delivery systems. Its unique focus is that it is on new drug delivery systems that are considered to be "non-invasive". Other unique features include a chapter on Regulatory Aspects of non-invasive systems and one on FDA guidance for topical nano-drug delivery. Two chapters covering market trends and perspectives, as well as providing guidance to those marketing such systems are also included.
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Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics

Author: Kathryn E. Hood,Carolyn Tucker Halpern,Gary Greenberg,Richard M. Lerner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405187824

Category: Psychology

Page: 776

View: 6304

The Handbook of Developmental Science, Behavior, and Genetics brings together the cutting-edge theory, research and methodology that contribute to our current scientific understanding of the role of genetics in the developmental system. • Commemorates the historically important contributions made by Gilbert Gottlieb in comparative psychology and developmental science • Includes an international group of contributors who are among the most respected behavioral and biological scientists working today • Examines the scientific basis for rejecting the reductionism and counterfactual approach to understanding the links between genes, behavior, and development • Documents the current status of comparative psychology and developmental science and provides the foundation for future scientific progress in the field
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Handbook of Forensic Science

Author: Jim Fraser,Robin Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134028709

Category: Law

Page: 696

View: 558

Forensic science has become increasingly important within contemporary criminal justice, from criminal investigation through to courtroom deliberations, and an increasing number of agencies and individuals are having to engage with its contribution to contemporary justice. This Handbook aims to provide an authoritative map of the landscape of forensic science within the criminal justice system of the UK. It sets out the essential features of the subject, covering the disciplinary, technological, organizational and legislative resources that are brought together to make up contemporary forensic science practice. It is the first full-length publication which reviews forensic science in a wider political, economic, social, technological and legal context, identifying emerging themes on the current status and potential future of forensic science as part of the criminal justice system. With contributions from many of the leading authorities in the field it will be essential reading for both students and practitioners.
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Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology

Author: Promod Kumar,K.L. Mittal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824719791

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 4891

Demonstrating methods for overcoming stability issues in paints, wax dispersions, cosmetics, food products, and other industrial applications, this reference probes theoretical and practical issues surrounding microemulsion science and technology. Featuring the work of 51 international experts and containing almost 1000 instructive tables, equations, and illustrations, this book reviews the performance of, and prospects for, experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, small angle neutron scattering, viscosimetry, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to characterize various aspects of the dispersed phase of microemulsions.
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Handbook of Applied Behavior Analysis

Author: Wayne W. Fisher,Cathleen C. Piazza,Henry S. Roane

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 160918503X

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 8871

Describing the state of the science of applied behavior analysis (ABA), this comprehensive handbook provides detailed information about theory, research, and intervention. The contributors are leading ABA authorities who present best practices in behavioral assessment and demonstrate evidence-based strategies for supporting positive behaviors and reducing problem behaviors. Conceptual, empirical, and procedural building blocks of ABA are reviewed and specific applications described in education, autism treatment, safety skills for children, and other areas. The volume also addresses crucial professional and ethical issues, making it a complete reference and training tool for ABA practitioners and students.
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Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research

The Use of Publication and Patent Statistics in Studies of S&T Systems

Author: Henk F. Moed,Wolfgang Glänzel,Ulrich Schmoch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402027550

Category: Computers

Page: 800

View: 7783

This handbook offers a state-of-the-art overview of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific or scholarly publications and patents. It comprises 34 chapters written by leading specialists in the various sub-domains. These chapters deal with theoretical and methodological issues, illustrate applications, and highlight their policy context and relevance. Authors present a survey of the research topics they address, and show their most recent achievements. The 34 chapters are arranged into 5 parts: Disciplinary Approaches; General Methodology; The Science System; The Technology System; and The Science–Technology Interface. The Editor’s Introduction provides a further specification of the handbook’s scope and of the main topics addressed in its chapters. This handbook aims at four distinct groups of readers: – practitioners in the field of science and technology studies; – research students in this field; – scientists, scholars and technicians who are interested in a systematic, thorough analysis of their activities; – policy makers and administrators who wish to be informed about the potentialities and limitations of the various approaches and about their results.
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The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences

Author: Ian C Jarvie,Jesus Zamora-Bonilla

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209717

Category: Social Science

Page: 772

View: 8725

- what is the relationship between the social sciences and the natural sciences? - where do today's dominant approaches to doing social science come from? - what are the main fissures and debates in contemporary social scientific thought? - how are we to make sense of seemingly contrasting approaches to how social scientists find out about the world and justify their claims to have knowledge of it? In this exciting handbook, Ian Jarvie and Jesús Zamora-Bonilla have put together a wide-ranging and authoritative overview of the main philosophical currents and traditions at work in the social sciences today. Starting with the history of social scientific thought, this handbook sets out to explore that core fundamentals of social science practice, from issues of ontology and epistemology to issues of practical method. Along the way it investigates such notions as paradigm, empiricism, postmodernism, naturalism, language, agency, power, culture, and causality. Bringing together in one volume leading authorities in the field from around the world, this book will be a must-have for any serious scholar or student of the social sciences.
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Handbook of Elasticity Solutions

Author: Mark L. Kachanov,B. Shafiro,Igor Tsukrov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402014727

Category: Mathematics

Page: 324

View: 4967

This handbook is a collection of elasticity solutions. Many of the results presented here cannot be found in textbooks and are available in scientific articles only. Some of them were obtained in the closed form quite recently. The solutions have been thoroughly checked and reduced to a "user friendly" form. Every effort has been made to keep the book free of misprints. The theory of elasticity is a mature field and a large number of solutions are ava- able. We had to make choices in selecting material for this book. The emphasis is made on results relevant to general solid mechanics and materials science appli- tions. Solutions related to structural mechanics (beams, plates, shells, etc.) are left out. The content is limited to the linear elasticity. We are grateful to B. Nuller for several clarifications concerning the contact pr- lem and to V. Levin for suggestions on Eshelby's problem. We also appreciate a n- ber of remarks and comments made by L. Germanovich, I. Sevostianov, O. Zharii and R. Zimmerman. We are particularly indebted to E. Karapetian for a substantial help in putting the material together.
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Handbook of Applied Disability and Rehabilitation Research

Author: Kristofer J. Hagglund, PhD, ABPP,Allen W. Heinemann, PhD, ABPP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826132567

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 7767

Now, more than ever, the field of rehabilitation psychology is growing. This book--one of the few that focuses solely on rehabilitation psychology research--provides the reader with the most up-to-date look at researchand practice within the field of rehabilitation psychology. It offers recommendations for future research programs, policy changes, and clinical interventions from the various perspectives within rehabilitation psychology research and practice, and seeks to demonstrate how much the field can evolve with the implementation of these changes. Topics covered include: Assistive technology Health policy Cultural diversity Employment Future of rehabilitation research Community integration Health disparities
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Handbook of the Psychology of Science

Author: Gregory Feist, PhD,Michael Gorman, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106234

Category: Psychology

Page: 526

View: 1417

" Few resources are available to educators in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science. This handbook fills this void by providing an empirically based compendium of current knowledge about this newly established discipline. Written by two pioneers in the study of the cognitive and social processes involved in scientific and innovative behaviors, it follows on the heels of the first organized society (The International Society for the Psychology of Science and Technology) in 2006, and the first peer-reviewed journal (Journal of the Psychology of Science and Technology) launched in 2008. Key Topics: Introduction to the Psychology of Science Foundational Psychologies of Science (includes the development of scientific thinking and causal reasoning, development of children's scientific knowledge, historical case models, computational approaches, and personality, social, and clinical psychologies of science) Special Topics in the Psychology of Science (includes creativity and genius, gender issues, uncertainty and visual data analysis, thinking and reasoning in the lab, innovation and conceptual change, psychology of technology, psychobiology of science, conflict and cooperation in science, and more) Applied Psychology of Science (the psychology of pseudo-science, post-modernism, naturalism and different views of science, how children learn and are taught science) Past and Future of Psychology of Science (quantitative trends and the future of the psychology of science) Handbook of the Psychology of Science will at last provide educators of the psychology of science and the cognitive science of science with a state-of-the-art, all-inclusive text with which to disseminate current knowledge about this growing discipline. "
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