Haeckel's Embryos

Images, Evolution, and Fraud

Author: Nick Hopwood

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022604713X

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 3990

Pictures from the past powerfully shape current views of the world. In books, television programs, and websites, new images appear alongside others that have survived from decades ago. Among the most famous are drawings of embryos by the Darwinist Ernst Haeckel in which humans and other vertebrates begin identical, then diverge toward their adult forms. But these icons of evolution are notorious, too: soon after their publication in 1868, a colleague alleged fraud, and Haeckel’s many enemies have repeated the charge ever since. His embryos nevertheless became a textbook staple until, in 1997, a biologist accused him again, and creationist advocates of intelligent design forced his figures out. How could the most controversial pictures in the history of science have become some of the most widely seen? In Haeckel’s Embryos, Nick Hopwood tells this extraordinary story in full for the first time. He tracks the drawings and the charges against them from their genesis in the nineteenth century to their continuing involvement in innovation in the present day, and from Germany to Britain and the United States. Emphasizing the changes worked by circulation and copying, interpretation and debate, Hopwood uses the case to explore how pictures succeed and fail, gain acceptance and spark controversy. Along the way, he reveals how embryonic development was made a process that we can see, compare, and discuss, and how copying—usually dismissed as unoriginal—can be creative, contested, and consequential. With a wealth of expertly contextualized illustrations, Haeckel’s Embryos recaptures the shocking novelty of pictures that enthralled schoolchildren and outraged priests, and highlights the remarkable ways these images kept on shaping knowledge as they aged.

Der Mensch, der Affe

Anthropologie und Darwin-Rezeption in Deutschland 1850–1900

Author: Hanna Engelmeier

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 3412501468

Category: History

Page: 373

View: 9231

Die Darwinsche Evolutionstheorie hat die These populär gemacht, dass der Mensch vom Affen abstamme, obwohl Darwin selbst davon kaum gesprochen hat. Insbesondere innerhalb der deutschen Anthropologie wurde diese Idee im 19. Jahrhundert aufgeregt debattiert. Die moderne Anthropologie konstruierte sich ihren Gegenstand von nun an neu. Wie es dazu kam, steht im Zentrum dieses Buches. Es verfolgt die Karriere einer These, die in Wissenschaft, Literatur und Kunst gleichermaßen zu Abwehrreaktionen und zu Begeisterung führte: Ab jetzt steht fest, dass die Frage danach, was der Mensch ist, nur mit Blick auf seine mehr oder weniger unheimlichen Doubles gestellt werden kann. Wie die Akteure und Medien der Evolutionstheorie mit dieser Erkenntnis umgingen, zeigt „Der Mensch, der Affe“.

Biotechnology for Beginners

Author: Reinhard Renneberg,Arnold L. Demain

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123735812

Category: Medical

Page: 349

View: 6392

Offering an exciting and colorful overview of biotechnology for professionals and students in a wide array of the life sciences, this book also appeals to the lay reader without a scientific background who is interested in an entertaining and informative introduction to the key aspects of biotechnology.

Evolution or Creation?

A Comparison of the Arguments - Second Edition

Author: Albert J. DeBenedictis

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1462891179

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 8736

Have you ever wondered how the universe originated or whether the universe always existed? Have you ever wondered how life began on earth? Have you ever heard others discuss origins but felt unable to contribute to the conversation? Would you like to defend your views but feel unequipped or inadequate to do so? Are you unsure about what to believe? Would you like to learn more about the subject of origins? If so, this book will be a help to you. The subject of evolution and creation often causes much contention and controversy. The question that may be asked is, Why is there so much tension and animosity between those who hold to opposing views regarding the subject of origins? Others may ask, What do those of opposing views base their beliefs upon? Is there any reconciling of the different views? The differences, I believe, in part are due to ones perceptions regarding science and theology. This book is not about Christians versus atheists. This book is more about creation versus evolution than about Creationism versus Evolutionism. This book is about comparing various views, opinions and evidence related to evolution and creation. Some of the information being presented may be new to you and may take some time to digest. Evolutionists generally view creation in the same way that creationists generally view evolution. Opposing views are rarely taken seriously, as they are a contradiction to ones own bias. Whatever your current views are regarding the origins of the universe and life or level of knowledge of origins, this book is about considering various sides of the issue of evolution. In this book we will be comparing the evidence and arguments and then weighing the pros and cons in an attempt to determine the validity of each view. You will, however, be left to make your own decisions about each subject that is presented. This book may either strengthen your current views of origins or may cause you to re-think what you currently believe about origins. Whatever your views are regarding the origins of the universe and life, this book is about considering various sides of the issue of evolution. In this book the evidence and arguments will be presented for the reader to determine the validity of each view. Subjects such as: the origin of the universe, the age of the universe, the fossil evidence, the possibilities of a global flood, the origins of life, Stanley Millers Experiment of 1953, the fossils in the strata of the earth, the components of evolution (Natural Selection, Adaptation, Mutations, Speciation, and Genetic Drift), Punctuated Equilibrium, Haeckels Embryos and Recapitulation, Vestiges, Pseudogenes, Biological Complexity and Intelligent Design, Comparing biological similarities and differences between Chimpanzee and human genome, Comparing the Human and Ape Fossil Evidence, will be examined. Multiple top resources of various professions have been included in this book to provide information on the many different subjects discussed. Although this book is an in-depth study of evolution, it was written on the level so that the average teenager or adult will be able to understand what is being presented. Difficult words and terms are explained so that you will not need to consult a dictionary every time an unknown word or term appears. I attempted to present the subject matter on a level that most people will be able to easily understand. The various views and arguments are presented in a manner similar to having a debate. The aim of this book is to help either strengthen your current views of origins or cause you to re-think what you currently believe. It is hoped that at least you will develop a better appreciation for the opposing views and will better understand why those who believe in the opposing views believe as they do. I sincerely hope that this book will be beneficial to you whether you are se

Was Hitler a Darwinian?

Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Robert J. Richards

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022605909X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 6476

In tracing the history of Darwin’s accomplishment and the trajectory of evolutionary theory during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, most scholars agree that Darwin introduced blind mechanism into biology, thus banishing moral values from the understanding of nature. According to the standard interpretation, the principle of survival of the fittest has rendered human behavior, including moral behavior, ultimately selfish. Few doubt that Darwinian theory, especially as construed by the master’s German disciple, Ernst Haeckel, inspired Hitler and led to Nazi atrocities. In this collection of essays, Robert J. Richards argues that this orthodox view is wrongheaded. A close historical examination reveals that Darwin, in more traditional fashion, constructed nature with a moral spine and provided it with a goal: man as a moral creature. The book takes up many other topics—including the character of Darwin’s chief principles of natural selection and divergence, his dispute with Alfred Russel Wallace over man’s big brain, the role of language in human development, his relationship to Herbert Spencer, how much his views had in common with Haeckel’s, and the general problem of progress in evolution. Moreover, Richards takes a forceful stand on the timely issue of whether Darwin is to blame for Hitler’s atrocities. Was Hitler a Darwinian? is intellectual history at its boldest.

The Originality of Species

Science and logic contradict the theory of evolution.

Author: Thomas Seiler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3842330898

Category: Science

Page: 28

View: 3937

The idea of evolution suggests that all natural species have one common ancestor, or a few of them, and that over very many generations a continuous gradual change produced the diversity of all biological species observed today. It suggests a development from simpler life forms to more complex ones, introducing a multitude of new organs and functional structures which did not exist in the beginning. According to this concept, mainly mutation and natural selection are the driving forces that bring about a gradual evolution towards more complex life. However, the results of scientific examinations in different research areas delivered no proof for the theory of evolution. On the other hand, the most basic natural law, the absence of evolving organs and logical considerations deliver proof of the contrary and lead to the conclusion that evolution did not happen and can never happen. Natural species are not connected by common descent. Within the framework of their natural variability they have always been the same since their origin — an origin which cannot be attributed to any observable or reproducible natural process. www.originality-of-species.net

Icons of Evolution

Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong

Author: Jonathan Wells

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 159698533X

Category: Religion

Page: 338

View: 4668

Everything you were taught about evolution is wrong.

The Vanishing Proofs of Evolution

Author: Thomas F. Heinze

Publisher: Chick Publications

ISBN: 9780758908193

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 3526

Are your children being taught scientific "proofs" that have already been disproven? Much of the world has been convinced to abandon God because of a few classic "proofs of evolution" in schoolbooks. The Vanishing Proofs of Evolution shows how one after another of these very convincing "proofs" has been found to be untrue. Don't just stand and watch while your kids and their teachers are being deceived. Give them the knowledge that will build their faith and help them help others. It's all explained in this scientifically-sound book, which clearly shows that true science supports the Creation position and disproves evolution. The book presents powerful evidence that God is the Creator, and concludes with an introduction to Him. Discover how easy it can be to defend the Creation position. Recommendation: “The Vanishing Proofs of Evolution” is an excellent source of the positive evidence for creation while describing the scientific evidence against the theory of evolution." (Duane Gish, Ph.D, Vice President, Institute for Creation Research.)


The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory

Author: Edward J. Larson

Publisher: Modern Library

ISBN: 9781588365385

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9194

“I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.

Das affen-problem

Professor E. Haeckel's Darstellungs- und Kampfesweise sachlich dargelegt nebst Bemerkungen über Atmungsorgane und Körperform der Wirbeltier-Embryonen

Author: Arnold Brass,Ernst Haeckel

Publisher: N.A


Category: Evolution

Page: 42

View: 8601


Only a Theory

Evolution and the Battle for America's Soul

Author: Kenneth R. Miller

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1440634033

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 8078

A highly regarded scientist’s examination of the battle between evolution and intelligent design, and its implications for how science is practiced in America.

What's Darwin Got to Do with It?

A Friendly Discussion About Evolution

Author: Robert C. Newman,John L. Wiester,Janet Moneymaker,Jonathan Moneymaker

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 9780830877652

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 781

What's Darwin got to do with it? When it comes to evolution, quite a bit! But many people don't understand Darwin, creationism and intelligent design. Here's a book that makes sense of it all! A group of scholars, teachers, writers and illustrators have teamed up to create an easy-to-read introduction and critique to this important issue. You'll enjoy the lively and funny conversation that unfolds between two professors and they explore what science can explain about life. You'll find out what logic has to do with it. You'll see whether the changing beak sizes of Galapagos Islands finches prove Darwinism. And you'll enjoy the adventures of Darwinian superstars "Mutaman" and "Selecta." There's more to it all than you ever thought. But this witty and wise book makes it easier to understand than ever before!

Essentials of Domestic Animal Embryology E-Book

Author: Poul Hyttel,Fred Sinowatz,Morten Vejlsted,Keith Betteridge

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702042595

Category: Medical

Page: 472

View: 7198

This reference on veterinary embryology covers general embryology, i.e. the development from the formation of the gametes over fertilization and initial embryogenesis up to the stage where organ formation is initiated, and special embryology, i.e. the development of the organ systems. Moreover, the book also includes a section on teratology, one on assisted reproductive technologies and one on veterinary and societal aspects. Written with the veterinary student in mind, this textbook is written in an accessible style with high quality colour illustrations and line drawings. Succinct and accessible 300 high-quality colour illustrations Written for undergraduates and invaluable for graduates wishing to brush up

Kunstformen der Natur

Author: Ernst Haeckel

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3955800644


Page: 400

View: 4170

\"Die Natur erzeugt im ihrem Schosse eine unerschopfliche Fulle von wunderbaren Gestalten, durch deren Schonheit und Mannigfaltigkeit alle vom Menschen geschaffenen Kunstformen weitaus ubertroffen werden.\" Der Naturwissenschaftler Ernst Haeckel stellt in seinem Werk asthetische Formen aus Bereichen der Botanik und der Zoologie zusammen. Zahlreiche Schwarzweiss- und Farbabbildungen. Nachdruck der Komplettausgabe von 1904 mit 100 Tafeln und dem \"Supplement-Heft\"

Darwinism, Design, and Public Education

2. Aufl

Author: John Angus Campbell,Stephen C.. Meyer

Publisher: Michigan State University Press


Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 634

View: 9341

From the Scopes Trial in 1925 through the action of the Kansas board of education, the teaching of evolution in public schools has been a flashpoint in American education. The evolution of fundamentalist creationism into the proposition of "intelligent design" (ID) in the late 20th century reignited the character of this controversy. Darwinism, Design, and Public Educationprovides a thorough and readable source of primary literature for and against the rhetoric of intelligent design as a science, a philosophy, and a movement for educational reform.

Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Author: Brian K. Hall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412785900

Category: Science

Page: 491

View: 3347

Although evolutionary developmental biology is a new field, its origins lie in the last century; the search for connections between embryonic development (ontogeny) and evolutionary change (phylogeny) has been a long one. Evolutionary developmental biology is however more than just a fusion of the fields of developmental and evolutionary biology. It forges a unification of genomic, developmental, organismal, population and natural selection approaches to evolutionary change. It is concerned with how developmental processes evolve; how evolution produces novel structures, functions and behaviours; and how development, evolution and ecology are integrated to bring about and stabilize evolutionary change. The previous edition of this title, published in 1992, defined the terms and laid out the field for evolutionary developmental biology. This field is now one of the most active and fast growing within biology and this is reflected in this second edition, which is more than twice the length of the original and brought completely up to date. There are new chapters on major transitions in animal evolution, expanded coverage of comparative embryonic development and the inclusion of recent advances in genetics and molecular biology. The book is divided into eight parts which: place evolutionary developmental biology in the historical context of the search for relationships between development and evolution; detail the historical background leading to evolutionary embryology; explore embryos in development and embryos in evolution; discuss the relationship between embryos, evolution, environment and ecology; discuss the dilemma for homology of the fact that development evolves; deal with the importance of understanding how embryos measure time and place both through development and evolutionarily through heterochrony and heterotrophy; and set out the principles and processes that underlie evolutionary developmental biology. With over one hundred illustrations and photographs, extensive cross-referencing between chapters and boxes for ancillary material, this latest edition will be of immense interest to graduate and advanced undergraduate students in cell, developmental and molecular biology, and in zoology, evolution, ecology and entomology; in fact anyone with an interest in this new and increasingly important and interdisciplinary field which unifies biology.

The Counter-creationism Handbook

Author: Mark Isaak

Publisher: Greenwood


Category: Religion

Page: 330

View: 9469

Addresses over four hundred of the most common claims made by creationists, offering a rebuttal for each that is backed up by scientific facts, and lists both print and online resources for further information.