Haeckel's Embryos

Images, Evolution, and Fraud

Author: Nick Hopwood

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022604694X

Category: Art

Page: 388

View: 9820

Emphasizing the changes worked by circulation and copying, interpretation and debate, this book uses the case to explore how pictures succeed and fail, gain acceptance and spark controversy. It reveals how embryonic development was made a process that we can see, compare, and discuss, and how copying - usually dismissed as unoriginal
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Haeckel's Embryos

Images, Evolution, and Fraud

Author: Nick Hopwood

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022604713X

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 8809

Pictures from the past powerfully shape current views of the world. In books, television programs, and websites, new images appear alongside others that have survived from decades ago. Among the most famous are drawings of embryos by the Darwinist Ernst Haeckel in which humans and other vertebrates begin identical, then diverge toward their adult forms. But these icons of evolution are notorious, too: soon after their publication in 1868, a colleague alleged fraud, and Haeckel’s many enemies have repeated the charge ever since. His embryos nevertheless became a textbook staple until, in 1997, a biologist accused him again, and creationist advocates of intelligent design forced his figures out. How could the most controversial pictures in the history of science have become some of the most widely seen? In Haeckel’s Embryos, Nick Hopwood tells this extraordinary story in full for the first time. He tracks the drawings and the charges against them from their genesis in the nineteenth century to their continuing involvement in innovation in the present day, and from Germany to Britain and the United States. Emphasizing the changes worked by circulation and copying, interpretation and debate, Hopwood uses the case to explore how pictures succeed and fail, gain acceptance and spark controversy. Along the way, he reveals how embryonic development was made a process that we can see, compare, and discuss, and how copying—usually dismissed as unoriginal—can be creative, contested, and consequential. With a wealth of expertly contextualized illustrations, Haeckel’s Embryos recaptures the shocking novelty of pictures that enthralled schoolchildren and outraged priests, and highlights the remarkable ways these images kept on shaping knowledge as they aged.
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Icons of Evolution

Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong

Author: Jonathan Wells

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 159698533X

Category: Religion

Page: 338

View: 4873

Everything you were taught about evolution is wrong.
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Bringing Fossils to Life

An Introduction to Paleobiology

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536909

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 2251

One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.
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The Tragic Sense of Life

Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Thought

Author: Robert J. Richards

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226712192

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 9168

Prior to the First World War, more people learned of evolutionary theory from the voluminous writings of Charles Darwin’s foremost champion in Germany, Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919), than from any other source, including the writings of Darwin himself. But, with detractors ranging from paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould to modern-day creationists and advocates of intelligent design, Haeckel is better known as a divisive figure than as a pioneering biologist. Robert J. Richards’s intellectual biography rehabilitates Haeckel, providing the most accurate measure of his science and art yet written, as well as a moving account of Haeckel’s eventful life.
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Darwin Deleted

Imagining a World Without Darwin

Author: Peter J. Bowler

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226068676

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 6928

A history of science text imagining how evolutionary theory and biology would have been understood if Darwin had never published his "Origin of Species" and other works.--publisher summary.
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The Politically Incorrect Guide to Darwinism and Intelligent Design

Author: Jonathan Wells

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 159698614X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 1587

Darwin is an emperor who has no clothes— but it takes a brave man to say so. Jonathan Wells, a microbiologist with two Ph.D.s (from Berkeley and Yale), is that brave man. Most textbooks on evolution are written by Darwinists with an ideological ax to grind. Brave dissidents—qualified scientists—who try to teach or write about intelligent design are silenced and sent to the academic gulag. But fear not: Jonathan Wells is a liberator. He unmasks the truth about Darwinism— why it is wrong and what the real evidence is. He also supplies a revealing list of "Books You’re Not Supposed to Read" (as far as the Darwinists are concerned) and puts at your fingertips all the evidence you need to challenge the most closed-minded Darwinist.
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Zombie Science

More Icons of Evolution

Author: Jonathan Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781936599448

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 8498

The author presents arguments against the current prevailing evolutionary theories.
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Not in Our Classrooms

Why Intelligent Design is Wrong for Our Schools

Author: Eugenie Carol Scott,Glenn Branch

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807032787

Category: Education

Page: 171

View: 700

More than eighty years after the Scopes trial, creationism is alive and well. Through local school boards, sympathetic politicians, and well-funded organizations, a strong movement has developed to encourage the teaching of the latest incarnation of creationism—intelligent design—as a scientifically credible theory alongside evolution in science classes. Although intelligent design suffered a serious defeat in the recent Kitzmiller v. Dover trial, its proponents are bound to continue their assault on evolution education. Now, in Not in Our Classrooms, parents and teachers, as well as other concerned citizens, have a much-needed tool to use in the argument against teaching intelligent design as science. Where did the concept of intelligent design originate? How does it connect with, and conflict with, various religious beliefs? Should we teach the controversy itself in our science classrooms? In clear and lively essays, a team of experts answers these questions and many more, describing the history of the intelligent design movement and the lack of scientific support for its claims. Most importantly, the contributors—authorities on the scientific, legal, educational, and theological problems of intelligent design—speak specifically to teachers and parents about the need to defend the integrity of science education by keeping intelligent design out of science curriculums. A concluding chapter offers concrete advice for those seeking to defend the teaching of evolution in their own communities. Not in Our Classrooms is essential reading for anyone concerned about defending the teaching of evolution, uncompromised by religiously motivated pseudoscience, in the classrooms of our public schools. "The book you have in your hands is an excellent resource to deal with the attack on evolution, which is a surrogate, and indeed a wedge, for a wide-ranging crusade against the scientific integrity of the public education system in America." —Rev. Barry W. Lynn, from the Foreword "The future of our species probably depends on science education and our understanding of the natural world. If you're concerned about science literacy, read this book." —Bill Nye the Science Guy® "…we are in the midst of a struggle to preserve sound science education…It is crucial to resist such pressure, whether it comes from parents, community groups, administrators, or school board members. Reading this book is a good start." —Howard Good, Teacher Magazine "Not in Our Classrooms makes its case well, underscoring the fatuousness of creationist science on every level: constitutional, educational and scientific…At its core, the evolution "debate" is a local one, and it's at that level that the daily battles happen. Thanks to this collection, winning them might become a little easier." —Washington Monthly, review in the January/February issue "In Not in Our Classrooms Beacon Press has provided the indispensable tool for combating this grave threat to science and science education . . . This important book cannot be recommended too highly." —Voice of Reason: The Journal of Americans for Religious Liberty, review in the No. 4 2006 issue "This book provides substantial background information and perspective…such information and analysis can only help social justice educators." —Rethinking Schools, review in the Winter issue "It is a welcome and recommended addition to a library of materials that strengthen and enlighten science instruction in the era of a narrowly defined theism in the United States today . . . recommended for teachers, citizens, and policymakers." —National Science Teachers Association "For teachers, school boards, and citizens who are interested in learning about intelligent design (ID) creationism and counteracting it, this book is a vital resource." —Teachers College Record Eugenie C. Scott and Glenn Branch are the executive director and the deputy director of the National Center for Science Education, a nonprofit organization in Oakland, California, that defends the teaching of evolution in the public schools. Scott's Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction was named an Outstanding Academic Title of 2005 by Choice. Since 1992 the Reverend Barry W. Lynn, a minister in the United Church of Christ, has served as executive director of Americans United for Separation of Church and State.
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Was Hitler a Darwinian?

Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Robert J. Richards

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022605909X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 636

In tracing the history of Darwin’s accomplishment and the trajectory of evolutionary theory during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, most scholars agree that Darwin introduced blind mechanism into biology, thus banishing moral values from the understanding of nature. According to the standard interpretation, the principle of survival of the fittest has rendered human behavior, including moral behavior, ultimately selfish. Few doubt that Darwinian theory, especially as construed by the master’s German disciple, Ernst Haeckel, inspired Hitler and led to Nazi atrocities. In this collection of essays, Robert J. Richards argues that this orthodox view is wrongheaded. A close historical examination reveals that Darwin, in more traditional fashion, constructed nature with a moral spine and provided it with a goal: man as a moral creature. The book takes up many other topics—including the character of Darwin’s chief principles of natural selection and divergence, his dispute with Alfred Russel Wallace over man’s big brain, the role of language in human development, his relationship to Herbert Spencer, how much his views had in common with Haeckel’s, and the general problem of progress in evolution. Moreover, Richards takes a forceful stand on the timely issue of whether Darwin is to blame for Hitler’s atrocities. Was Hitler a Darwinian? is intellectual history at its boldest.
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Embryos Under the Microscope

Author: Jane Maienschein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674725557

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 5054

Jane Maienschein examines how understanding of embryos evolved from the speculations of natural philosophers to bioengineering, with its life-enhancing therapies. She shows that research on embryos has always seemed promising to some but frightening to others, and makes the case that public understanding must be informed by scientific findings.
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Ontogeny and Phylogeny

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674639416

Category: Science

Page: 501

View: 7990

Prospectus; The analogistic tradition from anaximander to bonnet; Transcendental origins, 1793-1860; Evolutionary triumph, 1859-1900; Pervasive influence; Decline, fall, and generalization; Heterochrony and paedomorphosis; Heterochrony and the parallel of ontogeny and phylogeny; The ecological and evolutionary significance of heterochrony; Progenesis and neoteny; Retardation and neoteny in human evolution.
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Beastly Encounters of the Raj

Livelihoods, Livestock and Veterinary Health in India, 1790-1920

Author: Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780719089725

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 1746

This is the first full-length monograph to examine the history of colonial medicine in India from the perspective of veterinary health. The history of human health in the subcontinent has received a fair amount of attention in the last few decades, but nearly all existing texts have completely ignored the question of animal health. This book will not only fill this gap, but also provide fresh perspectives and insights that might challenge existing arguments.At the same time, this volume is a social history of cattle in India. Keeping the question of livestock at the centre, it explores a range of themes such as famines, agrarian relations, urbanisation, middle class attitudes, caste formations etc. The overall aim is to integrate medical history with social history in a way that has not often been attempted.
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The Evolution of Man

A Popular Exposition of the Principal Points of Human Ontogeny and Phylogeny

Author: Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anatomy, Comparative

Page: N.A

View: 8842

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Stripped Bare

The Art of Animal Anatomy

Author: David Bainbridge

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069118397X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2733

A lavishly illustrated compendium of the art and history of animal anatomy from antiquity to today For more than two thousand years, comparative anatomy—the study of anatomical variation among different animal species—has been used to make arguments in natural philosophy, reinforce religious dogma, and remind us of our own mortality. This stunningly illustrated compendium traces the intertwined intellectual and artistic histories of comparative anatomy from antiquity to today. Stripped Bare brings together some of the most arresting images ever produced, from the earliest studies of animal form to the technicolor art of computer-generated anatomies. David Bainbridge draws on representative illustrations from different eras to discuss the philosophical, scientific, and artistic milieus from which they emerged. He vividly describes the unique aesthetics of each phase of anatomical endeavor, providing new insights into the exquisite anatomical drawings of Leonardo and Albrecht Dürer in the era before printing, Jean Héroard’s cutting and cataloging of the horse during the age of Louis XIII, the exotic pictorial menageries of the Comte de Buffon in the eighteenth century, anatomical illustrations from Charles Darwin’s voyages, the lavish symmetries of Ernst Haeckel’s prints, and much, much more. Featuring a wealth of breathtaking color illustrations throughout, Stripped Bare is a panoramic tour of the intricacies of vertebrate life as well as an expansive history of the peculiar and beautiful ways humans have attempted to study and understand the natural world.
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Wonders of life

Author: Ernst Haeckel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 829

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Molecular Biotechnology

Author: Carolyn A. Dehlinger

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781284031409

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 7408

A Unique Text For A Rapidly Expanding Field The Only Textbook Of Its Kind On The Market, Molecular Biotechnology Provides A Holistic, Comprehensive View Of Molecular Biotechnology That Makes It Ideally Suited For Undergraduate Majors In Molecular Biotechnology And Biomedical Sciences. Beginning With The Background Of This Rapidly Expanding Field, Molecular Biotechnology Covers Major Discoveries, Regulation Of The Biotechnology Industry, And Significant Innovations. A Strong Emphasis On Careers In Molecular Biotechnology, Profiles Of Major Projects And Researchers, And Expansive Discussions Of Bioethical Concerns And Current Research, All Come Together To Make This Text An Engaging And Highly Relevant Resource For Biotechnology Students. The Text’S Focus On The Emergence Of Biotechnology As Both A Scientific Discipline And A Viable Industry, The Regulations Associated With The Pursuit Of Biotechnology, And The Major Techniques And Applications Of This Branch Of Science Will Establish Molecular Biotechnology As An Essential Text For Students Entering The Field. Every New Print Copy Includes Access To The Navigate Companion Website Where Students Will Find A Wealth Of Learning And Study Tools To Help Them Succeed In Their Course, Including Full-Color Animations That Bring Key Concepts To Life, Lab Exercises For Students To Apply Knowledge And Gain Practical Lab Skills, Practice Quizzes For Reviewing Key Concepts, Chapter Objectives, An Interactive Glossary, Flashcards, Crossword Puzzles, And Web Links (Ebook Does Not Include Access Code To Companion Website).
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Observing by Hand

Sketching the Nebulae in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Omar W. Nasim

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226084374

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 3597

Today we are all familiar with the iconic pictures of the nebulae produced by the Hubble Space Telescope’s digital cameras. But there was a time, before the successful application of photography to the heavens, in which scientists had to rely on handmade drawings of these mysterious phenomena. Observing by Hand sheds entirely new light on the ways in which the production and reception of handdrawn images of the nebulae in the nineteenth century contributed to astronomical observation. Omar W. Nasim investigates hundreds of unpublished observing books and paper records from six nineteenth-century observers of the nebulae: Sir John Herschel; William Parsons, the third Earl of Rosse; William Lassell; Ebenezer Porter Mason; Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel; and George Phillips Bond. Nasim focuses on the ways in which these observers created and employed their drawings in data-driven procedures, from their choices of artistic materials and techniques to their practices and scientific observation. He examines the ways in which the act of drawing complemented the acts of seeing and knowing, as well as the ways that making pictures was connected to the production of scientific knowledge. An impeccably researched, carefully crafted, and beautifully illustrated piece of historical work, Observing by Hand will delight historians of science, art, and the book, as well as astronomers and philosophers.
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