Governing through Crime in South Africa

The Politics of Race and Class in Neoliberalizing Regimes

Author: Gail Super

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317125509

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 4719

This book deals with the historic transition to democracy in South Africa and its impact upon crime and punishment. It examines how the problem of crime has emerged as a major issue to be governed in post-apartheid South Africa. Having undergone a dramatic transition from authoritarianism to democracy, from a white minority to black majority government, South Africa provides rich material on the role that political authority, and challenges to it, play in the construction of crime and criminality. As such, the study is about the socio-cultural and political significance of crime and punishment in the context of a change of regime. The work uses the South African case study to examine a question of wider interest, namely the politics of punishment and race in neoliberalizing regimes. It provides interesting and illuminating empirical material to the broader debate on crime control in post-welfare/neoliberalizing/post transition polities.
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Governing Through Crime

How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear

Author: Jonathan Simon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195181085

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 2768

Across America today gated communities sprawl out from urban centers, employers enforce mandatory drug testing, and schools screen students with metal detectors. Social problems ranging from welfare dependency to educational inequality have been reconceptualized as crimes, with an attendant focus on assigning fault and imposing consequences. Even before the recent terrorist attacks, non-citizen residents had become subject to an increasingly harsh regime of detention and deportation, and prospective employees subjected to background checks. How and when did our everyday world become dominated by fear, every citizen treated as a potential criminal?In this startlingly original work, Jonathan Simon traces this pattern back to the collapse of the New Deal approach to governing during the 1960s when declining confidence in expert-guided government policies sent political leaders searching for new models of governance. The War on Crime offered a ready solution to their problem: politicians set agendas by drawing analogies to crime and redefined the ideal citizen as a crime victim, one whose vulnerabilities opened the door to overweening government intervention. By the 1980s, this transformation of the core powers of government had spilled over into the institutions that govern daily life. Soon our schools, our families, our workplaces, and our residential communities were being governed through crime.This powerful work concludes with a call for passive citizens to become engaged partners in the management of risk and the treatment of social ills. Only by coming together to produce security, can we free ourselves from a logic of domination by others, and from the fear that currently rules our everyday life.
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The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6970

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Governing Through Globalised Crime

Futures for International Criminal Justice

Author: Mark J. Findlay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134007140

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7182

Governing through Globalised Crime provides an analysis of the impact of globalisation of crime on the governance capacity of the international criminal justice system. It explores how the perceived increased risk in global security has resulted in a reformulation of the relationship between crime and governance. The book seeks to argue that values of freedom, equality, communitarian harmony and personal integrity which the prosecution of crimes against humanity are said to advance, need not be sacrificed in a new world order obsessed with partial security and secularized risk. This book aims to address a way forward for the governance capacity of international criminal justice, arguing that international criminal justice provides a central tool for global governance. In exploring the dependency of global governance on crime and control, projections can be made about the changing face of international criminal justice. Fundamental transformation is required to hold unjust global dominion to account. The book's policy perspective challenges international criminal justice to return to the more critical position justice has exercised in the separation of powers constitutional legality. For liberal democratic theory at least, judicial authority and its institutions have ensured constitutional legality by requiring the legislature and the executive to operate accountably against a higher normative order. This is not a predominant function of judges and courts in the international context despite their statutory invocation to this task . Case-studies of global crime and control reveal contexts in which the co-opted governance of institutional ICJ in particular, has a politicized motivation which too often advances the authority and interests of one world order against the sometimes legitimate resistance of criminalized communities. When the analysis moves to the consideration of victim community interests, and from there to the appropriate global constituencies of ICJ, the nature and limitations of ICJ supporting governance in the risk/security model, becomes apparent.
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Policing and Crime Control in Post-apartheid South Africa

Author: Ms Anne-Marie Singh

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491269

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 5928

Once a marginal political issue, crime control now occupies a central place on the social, political and economic agenda of contemporary liberal democracies. Nowhere more so than in post-apartheid South Africa, where the transition from apartheid rule to democratic rule was marked by a shift in concern from political to criminal violence. In this book Anne-Marie Singh offers a comprehensive account of policing transformations in post-apartheid South Africa. Her analysis of crime and mechanisms for its control is linked to an analysis of neo-liberal policies, providing the basis for a critique of existing analyses of liberal democratic governance. Themes addressed in the book include the exercise of coercive authority, state and non-state expertise in policing, the 'rationally-choosing' criminal, and the importance of developing an active and responsible citizenship.
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Essays on the Evolution of the Post-Apartheid State

Legacies, Reforms and Prospects

Author: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA)

Publisher: Real African Publishers

ISBN: 1920655875

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 4202

This book critically examines the challenges, successes, and failures of the post-1994 South African state against the humane values enshrined in its constitution: nonracial democracy and respect for all generations of human rights—civil, political, social, economic, resources and the environment and gender and communication. The book sheds light on the difficulties faced by the State when trying to bring together a diverse society comprised of traditional South African, Western-based and "other" African (immigrant) cultures into a cohesive nation with a common South African identity. The views of the essays may not be entirely consistent and the issues they raise may be contentious. This merely affirms the truism that the State is a contested terrain. The aim of this book is to deepen the search for an understanding of the theory of the State as it applies to a transforming society such as ours and to trudge the dividing line between theory and practice so they can feed into each other in a progressive spiral towards the desired end-state.
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Globalization, Police Reform and Development

Doing it the Western Way?

Author: G. Ellison,N. Pino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284803

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 3995

This volume presents a unique examination of Western-led police reform efforts by theoretically linking neoliberal globalization, police reform and development. The authors present seven country case studies based on this theoretical and conceptual approach and assess the prospects for successful police reform in a global context.
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Security in the Bubble

Navigating Crime in Urban South Africa

Author: Christine Hentschel

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452945306

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 4796

Focusing on the South African city of Durban, Security in the Bubble looks at spatialized security practices, engaging with strategies and dilemmas of urban security governance in cities around the world. While apartheid was spatial governance at its most brutal, postapartheid South African cities have tried to reinvent space, using it as a “positive” technique of governance. Christine Hentschel traces the contours of two emerging urban regimes of governing security in contemporary Durban: handsome space and instant space. Handsome space is about aesthetic and affective communication as means to making places safe. Instant space, on the other hand, addresses the crime-related personal “navigation” systems employed by urban residents whenever they circulate through the city. While handsome space embraces the powers of attraction, instant space operates through the powers of fleeing. In both regimes, security is conceived not as a public good but as a situational experience that can. No longer reducible to the after-pains of racial apartheid, this city’s fragmentation is now better conceptualized, according to Hentschel, as a heterogeneous ensemble of bubbles of imagined safety.
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Justice in South Africa

Author: Albie Sachs

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520026247

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6731

"A literate, informative, vivid, and most poignant account of what happens to a society when it officially insists on a legal order that systematically denies the overwhelming majority of its population the minimum requirements of justice."--Richard A. Falk, professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University
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Citizenship, Belonging and Intergenerational Relations in African Migration

Author: C. Attias-Donfut,J. Cook,J. Hoffman,L. Waite

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390323

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 509

This book explores migration experiences of African families across two generations in Britain, France and South Africa. Global processes of African migration are investigated, and the lived experiences of African migrants are explored in areas such as citizenship, belonging, intergenerational transmission, work and social mobility.
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Introduction to the Law of South Africa

Author: C. G. Van der Merwe,J. E. Du Plessis

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041122826

Category: Law

Page: 548

View: 4573

This title is part of an established Series which introduces various legal systems of the world. It provides an authoritative and accessible overview of the main branches of South African public, private and commercial law. Offering insight into the rich system of South African law, this title will be of particular interest to the international legal community. The South African legal system has not only developed fascinating mixtures of civil law and common law rules over more than a century, but has also experienced a post-apartheid South Africa. Of particular interest is the way in which so many branches of law have been infused by basic constitutional values. Many of the contributors have published work in their own fields and have considerable experience of presenting their subject matter in a broader comparative perspective. The succinct and balanced nature of the contributions makes this title attractive to a wide audience of academics, students and practitioners with an interest in this remarkable legal system.
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Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa

Did the TRC Deliver?

Author: Professor & Joseph M Healey Jr Memorial Endowed Chair Audrey R Chapman,Hugo van der Merwe,Audrey R. Chapman

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812240597

Category: Law

Page: 347

View: 989

"Of the truth commissions to date, the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) has most effectively captured public attention throughout the world and provided the model for succeeding bodies. Although other truth commissions had preceded its establishment, the TRC had a far more expansive mandate: to go beyond truth-finding to promote national unity and reconciliation, to facilitate the granting of amnesty to those who made full factual disclosure, to restore the human and civil dignity of victims by providing them an opportunity to tell their own stories, and to make recommendations to the president on measures to prevent future human rights violations.
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The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government

Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191611964

Category: Political Science

Page: 976

View: 4606

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.
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South Africa's Defence and Security Into the 21st Century

Author: William Frank Gutteridge,William Gutteridge

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781855217119

Category: History

Page: 185

View: 3872

This book describes the character and roles of the South African Defence and Security Forces in the context of the establishment of the Government of National Unity. Specialist contributors include South Africa's Defence Secretary and other South Africans closely associated with policy making and the transformation of the armed forces.
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Marschpulver

Eine wahre Geschichte von Korruption, Koks und einer unglaublichen Freundschaft im krassesten Knast der Welt

Author: Rusty Young

Publisher: Riva Verlag

ISBN: 3864138361

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 2508

"Im Gefängnis San Pedro wurde man nicht von der Polizei belästigt und hatte leichten Zugang zu billigem, reinem Kokain. Einer der besten Orte in Südamerika, um wilde Partys zu feiern." Marschpulver ist ein atemberaubender Bericht über das Leben im bolivianischen Gefängnis San Pedro, in dem Insassen ihre Zellen von Maklern kaufen, Shops und Restaurants führen und Hunderte Frauen und Kinder gemeinsam mit verurteilten Familienmitgliedern innerhalb der Gefängnismauern leben. Korrupte Politiker und Drogenbarone wohnen in Luxusappartements, während die ärmsten Insassen Überfällen und Elend ausgesetzt sind. Teile des Gefängnisses, in denen tagsüber Kindergeschrei zu hören ist, beherbergen nachts Boliviens florierendste Drogenlabors. Doch inmitten von Korruption, Gewalt und dem täglichen Kampf ums Überleben ist Marschpulver auch die Geschichte einer ungleichen Freundschaft, entstanden unter kuriosen Umständen, zwischen Thomas, einem Drogenschmuggler, und dem jungen Anwalt Rusty. Dieser besticht die Wachen, lebt drei Monate lang gemeinsam mit Thomas in einer Zelle und schreibt dessen Erlebnisse auf – entstanden ist die zugleich ungewöhnlichste und spannendste Gefängnis-Story aller Zeiten.
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South Africa

The Rise and Fall of Apartheid

Author: Nancy L. Clark,Domini Clark,William H. Worger

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780582414372

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 3278

An introductory text explores the history of South Africa from 1948, when the Nationalists came to power, until its dramatic collapse in the 1990s.
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Public Supply Chain Management

Steuerung öffentlicher Wertschöpfungsketten nach privatwirtschaftlichem Vorbild

Author: Sandra Dorobek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658024690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 313

View: 7351

​Sandra Dorobek geht in ihrer Dissertation der Frage nach, inwieweit auch öffentliche Wertschöpfungsketten mittels klassischer privatwirtschaftlicher Managementkonzepte (hier: mithilfe des SCM-Ansatzes) gesteuert werden können, so dass die Gesellschaft als Adressat der politisch gewünschten öffentlichen Leistung von den damit verbundenen Effizienzvorteilen profitiert. Die Arbeit leistet einen grundlegenden Beitrag zur Weiterentwicklung des SCM-Ansatzes zu einem Public SCM für die Steuerung öffentlicher Wertschöpfungsketten. Es wird aufgezeigt, welche Ansätze und Ideen des bewährten privatwirtschaftlichen SCM-Modells für ein Public SCM angesichts der Besonderheiten öffentlicher Wertschöpfungsketten dennoch Relevanz besitzen.
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General Defences in Criminal Law

Domestic and Comparative Perspectives

Author: Professor Alan Reed,Professor Michael Bohlander

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472433378

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 8475

The law relating to general defences is one of the most important areas in the criminal law, yet the current state of the law in the United Kingdom reveals significant problems in the adoption of a consistent approach to their doctrinal and theoretical underpinnings, as exemplified by a number of recent developments in legislation and case law. A coherent and joined-up approach is still missing. This volume provides an analysis of the main contentious areas in British law, and proposes ways forward for reform. The collection includes contributions from leading experts across various jurisdictions. Part I examines the law in the United Kingdom, with specialist contributions on Irish and Scottish law. Part II consists of contributions by authors from a number of foreign jurisdictions, all written to a common research grid for maximum comparability, which provide a wider background of how other legal systems treat problems relating to general defences in the context of the criminal law, and which may serve as points of reference for domestic law reform.
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Youth, globalization, and the law

Author: Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh,Ronald Kassimir,Social Science Research Council (U.S.). Collaborative Research Network on Youth and Globalization

Publisher: Stanford Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780804754736

Category: Law

Page: 367

View: 4599

Addresses the impact of globalization on the lives of youth, focusing on the role of legal institutions and discourses.
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