Governance by Indicators

Global Power Through Classification and Rankings

Author: Kevin Davis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199658242

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 491

View: 6772

Indicators and rankings are widely used by governments and international organizations to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and success of policy decisions. The role of indicators is however little examined. This book closes this gap by evaluating the creation of indicators, their impact on policy decisions, and the implications of their use.
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The Seductions of Quantification

Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, and Sex Trafficking

Author: Sally Engle Merry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022626131X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 9047

We live in a world where seemingly everything can be measured. We rely on indicators to translate social phenomena into simple, quantified terms, which in turn can be used to guide individuals, organizations, and governments in establishing policy. Yet counting things requires finding a way to make them comparable. And in the process of translating the confusion of social life into neat categories, we inevitably strip it of context and meaning—and risk hiding or distorting as much as we reveal. With The Seductions of Quantification, leading legal anthropologist Sally Engle Merry investigates the techniques by which information is gathered and analyzed in the production of global indicators on human rights, gender violence, and sex trafficking. Although such numbers convey an aura of objective truth and scientific validity, Merry argues persuasively that measurement systems constitute a form of power by incorporating theories about social change in their design but rarely explicitly acknowledging them. For instance, the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report, which ranks countries in terms of their compliance with antitrafficking activities, assumes that prosecuting traffickers as criminals is an effective corrective strategy—overlooking cultures where women and children are frequently sold by their own families. As Merry shows, indicators are indeed seductive in their promise of providing concrete knowledge about how the world works, but they are implemented most successfully when paired with context-rich qualitative accounts grounded in local knowledge.
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The Quiet Power of Indicators

Measuring Governance, Corruption, and Rule of Law

Author: Sally Engle Merry,Kevin E. Davis,Benedict Kingsbury

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107075203

Category: Law

Page: 369

View: 4351

This highly accessible book investigates the rankings that increasingly influence perceptions of countries' governance and civil rights.
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The World of Indicators

The Making of Governmental Knowledge through Quantification

Author: Richard Rottenburg,Sally E. Merry,Sung-Joon Park,Johanna Mugler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316395456

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1313

The twenty-first century has seen a further dramatic increase in the use of quantitative knowledge for governing social life after its explosion in the 1980s. Indicators and rankings play an increasing role in the way governmental and non-governmental organizations distribute attention, make decisions, and allocate scarce resources. Quantitative knowledge promises to be more objective and straightforward as well as more transparent and open for public debate than qualitative knowledge, thus producing more democratic decision-making. However, we know little about the social processes through which this knowledge is constituted nor its effects. Understanding how such numeric knowledge is produced and used is increasingly important as proliferating technologies of quantification alter modes of knowing in subtle and often unrecognized ways. This book explores the implications of the global multiplication of indicators as a specific technology of numeric knowledge production used in governance.
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Ranking the World

Author: Alexander Cooley,Jack Snyder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107098130

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 9716

Examines the origins of the rise of international rankings, assessing their impact on global governance, and exploring how governments react to being ranked.
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On Governance

What It Is, What It Means and Its Policy Uses

Author: Robert I. Rotberg

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 1928096077

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7691

Spreading good governance is a key goal of political leaders and reformers — whether it is to improve cities, nations, regimes or institutions — because better-governed people are more likely to avoid civil conflict and obtain significant social returns. But just what is meant by “governance” at the national or international level? Is it a fuzzy concept, or is it a clear set of rules or norms? How can it help to strengthen societies and drive better policy? On Governance: What It Is, What It Measures and Its Policy Uses answers these questions. By proposing new theories for national and global governance, examining more than 90 governance indexes and analyzing best practices in governance, this volume suggests how policy makers can use governance theory and governance indexes to improve both domestic and multilateral decision making. World order depends on strengthened governance. On Governance spells out the meaning and the potential benefits of governance innovation for civil society and national policy makers. Building on the measured effects of policies in many dimensions of human existence, this book provides a guide to creating more positive outcomes for people everywhere.
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Environmental Law and Economics

Author: Klaus Mathis,Bruce R. Huber

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319509322

Category: Law

Page: 538

View: 5463

This anthology discusses important issues surrounding environmental law and economics and provides an in-depth analysis of its use in legislation, regulation and legal adjudication from a neoclassical and behavioural law and economics perspective. Environmental issues raise a vast range of legal questions: to what extent is it justifiable to rely on markets and continued technological innovation, especially as it relates to present exploitation of scarce resources? Or is it necessary for the state to intervene? Regulatory instruments are available to create and maintain a more sustainable society: command and control regulations, restraints, Pigovian taxes, emission certificates, nudging policies, etc. If regulation in a certain legal field is necessary, which policies and methods will most effectively spur sustainable consumption and production in order to protect the environment while mitigating any potential negative impact on economic development? Since the related problems are often caused by scarcity of resources, economic analysis of law can offer remarkable insights for their resolution. Part I underlines the foundations of environmental law and economics. Part II analyses the effectiveness of economic instruments and regulations in environmental law. Part III is dedicated to the problems of climate change. Finally, Part IV focuses on tort and criminal law. The twenty-one chapters in this volume deliver insights into the multifaceted debate surrounding the use of economic instruments in environmental regulation in Europe.
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Research Handbook on Global Administrative Law

Author: Sabino Cassese

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783478462

Category: Law

Page: 608

View: 9326

This Handbook explores the main themes and topics of the emerging field of Global Administrative Law with contributions by leading scholars and experts from universities and organizations around the world. The variety of the subjects addressed and the internationality of the Handbook’s perspectives make for a truly global and multi-dimensional view of the field. The book first examines the growth of global administrations, their interactions within global networks, the emergence of a global administrative process, and the development of the rule of law and democratic principles at a global level. It goes on to illustrate the relationship between global law and other legal orders, with particular attention to regional systems and national orders. The final section, devoted to the emergence of a global legal culture, brings the book full circle by identifying the growth of a global epistemic community. The Research Handbook on Global Administrative Law provides a contemporary overview of the nascent field in detailed yet accessible terms, making it a valuable book for university courses. Academics and scholars with an interest in international law, administrative law, public law, and comparative law will find value in this book, as well as legal professionals involved with international and supranational organizations and national civil servants dealing with supranational organizations.
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The Quiet Power of Indicators

Measuring Governance, Corruption, and Rule of Law

Author: Sally Engle Merry,Kevin E. Davis,Benedict Kingsbury

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107075203

Category: Law

Page: 369

View: 8169

This highly accessible book investigates the rankings that increasingly influence perceptions of countries' governance and civil rights.
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Governing Public Health

EU Law, Regulation and Biopolitics

Author: Mark Flear

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782259732

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 5128

This book contributes towards EU studies and the growing discourse on law and public health. It uses the EU's governance of public health as a lens through which to explore questions of legal competence and its development through policy and concrete techniques, processes and practices, risk and security, human rights and bioethics, accountability and legitimacy, democracy and citizenship, and the nature, essence and 'future trajectory' of the European integration project. These issues are explored first by situating the EU's public health strategy within the overarching architecture of governance and subsequently by examining its operationalisation in relation to the key public health problems of cancer, HIV/AIDS and pandemic planning. The book argues that the centrality and valorisation of scientific and technical knowledge and expertise in the EU's risk-based governance means that citizen participation in decision-making is largely marginalised and underdeveloped ? and that this must change if public health and the quality, accountability and legitimacy of EU governance and its regulation are to be improved. Subsequently the book goes on to argue that the legitimating discourses of ethics and human rights, and the developing notion of EU (supra-)stewardship responsibility, can help to highlight the normative dimensions of governance and its interventions in public health. These discourses and dimensions provide openings and possibilities for citizens to power 'technologies of participation' and contribute important supplementary knowledge to decision-making.
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Governance Feminism

An Introduction

Author: Janet E. Halley,Prabha Kotiswaran,Rachel Rebouché,Hila Shamir

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780816698455

Category: Feminism

Page: 304

View: 6659

Describing and assessing feminist inroads into the state Feminists walk the halls of power. Governance Feminism: An Introduction shows how some feminists and feminist ideas--but by no means all--have entered into state and state-like power in recent years. Being a feminist can qualify you for a job in the United Nations, the World Bank, the International Criminal Court, the local prosecutor's office, or the child welfare bureaucracy. Feminists have built institutions and participate in governance. The authors argue that governance feminism is institutionally diverse and globally distributed. It emerges from grassroots activism as well as statutes and treaties, as crime control and as immanent bureaucracy. Conflicts among feminists--global North and South; left, center, and right--emerge as struggles over governance. This volume collects examples from the United States, Israel, India, and from transnational human rights law. Governance feminism poses new challenges for feminists: How shall we assess our successes and failures? What responsibility do we shoulder for the outcomes of our work? For the compromises and strange bedfellows we took on along the way? Can feminism foster a critique of its own successes? This volume offers a pathway to critical engagement with these pressing and significant questions.
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Transnational Legal Orders

Author: Terence C. Halliday,Gregory Shaffer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316214060

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4341

This book offers a path-breaking, empirically grounded theory that reframes the study of law and society. It shifts research from a predominantly national context to one that places transnational, national and local lawmaking and practice within a single, coherent, analytic frame. By presenting and elaborating a new concept, transnational legal orders, Halliday and Shaffer present an original approach to legal orders that affect fundamental economic and social behaviors. The contributors generate arrays of hypotheses about how transnational legal orders rise and fall, where they compete and cooperate, and how they settle and unsettle. This original theory is applied and developed by distinguished scholars from North America, Europe and Asia in business law (taxation, corporate bankruptcy, secured transactions, transport of goods by sea), regulatory law (monetary and trade, finance, food safety, climate change), and human rights law (civil and political rights, rule of law, right to health/access to medicines, human trafficking, criminal accountability of political leaders).
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Governance in Developing Asia

Public Service Delivery and Empowerment

Author: Anil B. Deolalikar,Shikha Jha,Pilipinas F. Quising

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784715573

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 9563

Governance in Developing Asia is one of the first books of its kind to provide an overview of the role that better governance and citizen empowerment can play in improving public service delivery in developing Asia. The World Development Report 2004 se
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Ten Steps to a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System

A Handbook for Development Practitioners

Author: Jody Zall Kusek,Ray C. Rist

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821389076

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 7400

This Handbook provides a comprehensive ten-step model that will help guide development practitioners through the process of designing and building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system.
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The Foundations and Future of Financial Regulation

Governance for Responsibility

Author: Mads Andenas,Iris H-Y Chiu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113504337X

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 8804

Financial regulation has entered into a new era, as many foundational economic theories and policies supporting the existing infrastructure have been and are being questioned following the financial crisis. Goodhart et al’s seminal monograph "Financial Regulation: Why, How and Where Now?" (Routledge:1998) took stock of the extent of financial innovation and the maturity of the financial services industry at that time, and mapped out a new regulatory roadmap. This book offers a timely exploration of the "Why, How and Where Now" of financial regulation in the aftermath of the crisis in order to map out the future trajectory of financial regulation in an age where financial stability is being emphasised as a key regulatory objective. The book is split into four sections: the objectives and regulatory landscape of financial regulation; the regulatory regime for investor protection; the regulatory regime for financial institutional safety and soundness; and macro-prudential regulation. The discussion ranges from theoretical and policy perspectives to comprehensive and critical consideration of financial regulation in the specifics. The focus of the book is on the substantive regulation of the UK and the EU, as critical examination is made of the unravelling and the future of financial regulation with comparative insights offered where relevant especially from the US. Running throughout the book is consideration of the relationship between financial regulation, financial stability and the responsibility of various actors in governance. This book offers an important contribution to continuing reflections on the role of financial regulation, market discipline and corporate responsibility in the financial sector, and upon the roles of regulatory authorities, markets and firms in ensuring the financial health and security of all in the future.
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The Wars of the Romans

A Critical Edition and Translation of De Armis Romanis

Author: Alberico Gentili,Benedict Kingsbury,Benjamin Straumann,David Lupher

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199600511

Category: History

Page: 388

View: 1990

"A project of the Institute for International Law and Justice at New York University School of Law"
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Anthropology and Law

A Critical Introduction

Author: Mark Goodale,Sally Engle Merry

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479895512

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 2180

An introduction to the anthropology of law that explores the connections between law, politics, and technology. From legal responsibility for genocide to rectifying past injuries to indigenous people, the anthropology of law addresses some of the crucial ethical issues of our day. Over the past twenty-five years, anthropologists have studied how new forms of law have reshaped important questions of citizenship, biotechnology, and rights movements, among many others. Meanwhile, the rise of international law and transitional justice has posed new ethical and intellectual challenges to anthropologists. Anthropology and Law provides a comprehensive overview of the anthropology of law in the post-Cold War era. Mark Goodale introduces the central problems of the field and builds on the legacy of its intellectual history, while a foreword by Sally Engle Merry highlights the challenges of using the law to seek justice on an international scale. The book’s chapters cover a range of intersecting areas including language and law, history, regulation, indigenous rights, and gender. For a complete understanding of the consequential ways in which anthropologists have studied, interacted with, and critiqued, the ways and means of law, Anthropology and Law is required reading.
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Rankings and the Reshaping of Higher Education

The Battle for World-Class Excellence

Author: Ellen Hazelkorn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137446676

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 3751

University rankings have gained popularity around the world and are now a significant factor shaping reputation. This second edition updates Ellen Hazelkorn's first comprehensive study of rankings from a global perspective, drawing in new original research and extensive analysis. It is essential reading for policymakers, managers and scholars.
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The Roman Foundations of the Law of Nations

Alberico Gentili and the Justice of Empire

Author: Benedict Kingsbury,Benjamin Straumann

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199599874

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 3309

This book explores ways in which both the theory and the practice of international politics was built upon Roman private and public law foundations on a variety of issues including the organization and limitation of war, peace settlements, embassies, commerce, and shipping.
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How Numbers Rule the World

The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics

Author: Doctor Lorenzo Fioramonti

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780322704

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 2348

Numbers dominate global politics and, as a result, our everyday lives. Credit ratings steer financial markets and can make or break the future of entire nations. GDP drives our economies. Stock market indices flood our media and national debates. Statistical calculations define how we deal with climate change, poverty and sustainability. But what is behind these numbers? In How Numbers Rule the World, Lorenzo Fioramonti reveals the hidden agendas underpinning the use of statistics and those who control them. Most worryingly, he shows how numbers have been used as a means to reinforce the grip of markets on our social and political life, curtailing public participation and rational debate. An innovative and timely exposé of the politics, power and contestation of numbers.
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