Governance and Civil Society in a Global Age

Author: Tadashi Yamamoto,Kim Gould Ashizawa

Publisher: Nihon Kokusai Koryu Center

ISBN: 9784889070484

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 283

View: 6416

Globalization, deepening interdependence, and the end of the cold war have brought a wide range of new challenges to nations around the world. Concurrently, domestic sociopolitical changes, greater pluralization of society, and changes in national and international markets and economies have produced strains on existing systems of governance. This new environment has opened the way for civil society to play an expanded and more active role, both domestically and internationally. Chapters examine the nexus between governance and civil society in China, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Israel, Korea, Thailand, and the United States. Authors examine the current state of civil society in their country, the challenges facing institutions of governance, the current debate of the need to reform domestic governance, and the evolution of the role of civil society in governance.
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Public Sociology and Civil Society

Governance, Politics, and Power

Author: Patricia Mooney Nickel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317253329

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4357

During the past ten years the terms public sociology, civil society, and governance have been used with increasing frequency to describe a wide array of political and social practices. Nickel provides a critical clarification of the concepts of civil society and governance, moving beyond traditional disciplinary boundaries. With her unique international background in the practice of public service and social policy Nickel is able to provide a nuanced explanation of how civil society and governance are interrelated and the implications for the organisation of knowledge and public life. The book is framed in three parts. Part one explores the emergence of public sociology as an ideal, as well as the broader public turn in the social sciences. Part two explores the changing relationship between government and civil society, including non-profit organisations. Part three draws these two themes together in an exploration of the politics of practice and relations of power.
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Cities for citizens

planning and the rise of civil society in a global age

Author: Mike Douglass,John Friedmann

Publisher: John Wiley & Son Ltd

ISBN: 9780471977087

Category: Architecture

Page: 302

View: 3947

In an era of the globalization of finance, production and distribution networks, cities have become increasingly competitive. The business environments preferred by such international investment impact on the lives of citizens, on urban spaces, services, amenities and infrastructure. In the fight for the future of our cities, civil society has now entered the fray. Whether resisting the intrusion of both state and corporate economy into the life of neighbourhoods and communities or working with both government and the private sector in managing urban affairs, civil society lays claim to inclusion in a more democratic politics of planning. This political shift is refashioning planning. Planning is now recognized as more than simply a state regulatory process; it has become a political activity, central to the struggle towards more liveable cities. Cities for Citizens brings together leading names in planning today. The contributors present an international range of case studies - from the USA, Latin America, Europe and Asia-Pacific - which ground the exploration of ideas in the realities and struggles of everyday life.
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Building Global Democracy?

Civil Society and Accountable Global Governance

Author: Jan Aart Scholte

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498029

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1492

The scale, effectiveness and legitimacy of global governance lag far behind the world's needs. This path-breaking book examines how far civil society involvement provides an answer to these problems. Does civil society make global governance more democratic? Have citizen action groups raised the accountability of global bodies that deal with challenges such as climate change, financial crises, conflict, disease and inequality? What circumstances have promoted (or blocked) civil society efforts to make global governance institutions more democratically accountable? What could improve these outcomes in the future? The authors base their argument on studies of thirteen global institutions, including the UN, G8, WTO, ICANN and IMF. Specialists from around the world critically assess what has and has not worked in efforts to make global bodies answer to publics as well as states. Combining intellectual depth and political relevance, Building Global Democracy? will appeal to students, researchers, activists and policymakers.
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Democracy, Participation and Contestation

Civil society, governance and the future of liberal democracy

Author: Emmanuelle Avril,Johann N Neem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750764

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 6924

The establishment of democracy on both sides of the Atlantic has not been a smooth evolution towards an idealized presumed endpoint. Far from it, democratization has been marked by setbacks and victories, a process often referred to as ‘contested democracy’. In view of recent mobilizations such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement, in which new technologies have played a key role, there is a need for a renewed analysis of the long-term evolution of US and UK political systems. Using new areas of research, this book argues that the ideals and the practices of Anglo-American democracy can be best understood by studying diverse forms of participation, which go beyond classical expressions of contestation and dissent such as voting. The authors analyze political parties, social movements, communications and social media, governance, cultural diversity, identity politics, public-private actors and social cohesion to illustrate how the structure and context of popular participation play a significant role in whether, and when, citizens ́ efforts have any meaningful impact on those who exercise political power. In doing so, the authors take crucial steps towards understanding how a vigorous public sphere and popular sovereignty can be made to work in today’s global environment. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, British and US history, democracy, political participation, governance, social movements and politics.
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Global Strategic Engagement

States and Non-State Actors in Global Governance

Author: Raffaele Marchetti

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498510140

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 2650

Global Strategic Engagement analyzes the changes brought about in global politics by the phenomenon of globalization in the last thirty years. The primary point of view of the text is the micro-perspective of the new practitioners of global governance: international public officers, transnational activists, global entrepreneurs, and world leaders. The novelty of the book derives from its two outputs: a micro description of the new way of playing the political game in the age of globalization, and a constructivist mapping of the current political terrain which is centered on the identification of the new references of contemporary politics beyond the traditional cleavage left vs. right.
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Religion in the Neoliberal Age

Political Economy and Modes of Governance

Author: Dr Tuomas Martikainen,Professor François Gauthier

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140947335X

Category: Religion

Page: 260

View: 5142

This book, together with a complementary volume 'Religion in Consumer Society', focuses on religion, neoliberalism and consumer society; offering an overview of an emerging field of research in the study of contemporary religion. Claiming that we are entering a new phase of state-religion relations, the editors examine how this is historically anchored in modernity but affected by neoliberalization and globalization of society and social life. Seemingly distant developments, such as marketization and commoditization of religion as well as legalization and securitization of social conflicts, are transforming historical expressions of 'religion' and 'religiosity' yet these changes are seldom if ever understood as forming a coherent, structured and systemic ensemble. 'Religion in the Neoliberal Age' includes an extensive introduction framing the research area, and linking it to existing scholarship, before looking at four key issues: 1. How changes in state structures have empowered new modes of religious activity in welfare production and the delivery of a range of state services; 2. How are religion-state relations transforming under the pressures of globalization and neoliberalism; 3. How historical churches and their administrations are undergoing change due to structural changes in society, and what new forms of religious body are emerging; 4. How have law and security become new areas for solving religious conflicts. Outlining changes in both the political-institutional and cultural spheres, the contributors offer an international overview of developments in different countries and state of the art representation of religion in the new global political economy.
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Citizenship In A Global Age

Author: Delanty, Gerard

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335204899

Category: Social Science

Page: 164

View: 3378

This book provides a comprehensive and concise overview of the main debates on citizenship and the implications of globalization. It argues that citizenship is no longer defined by nationality and the nation state, but has become de-territorialized and fragmented into the separate discourses of rights, participation, responsibility and identity.
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Paradigm Theory & Policy Making

Reconfiguring the Future

Author: Akira Iida

Publisher: Tuttle Publishing

ISBN: 1462904793

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 7498

A review of clashes between global and local economics, reveals a new insight for anticipating the economic future. Paradigm Theory and Policy Making is a wide–ranging and thought–provoking treatise on the forces that have shaped the political economies of the developed and developing world since World War II. The author—a vastly experienced policy maker, nationally and internationally—takes us on a journey that encompasses not just economics but political science, sociology, philosophy and cultural studies as he presents an alternative framework to conventional academic ideas. Along the way, he provides a critical evaluation of theories that have dominated economic thought in the last 50 years and highlights the dangers of a blanket application of such theories without taking into account the "real–world" practicalities confronted by nation states in a globalizing world. Topics include: The Conceptual Framework of the Paradigm Theory Civilization, Culture and the Paradigm of Political Economy American Values and the Paradigm of Political Economy The Post–Terror Paradigm Developing Economies and the Paradigm of Political Economy A reflection on "Innocence and Design" Praise for Paradigm Theory & Policy Making: "An alternative framework of ideas for understanding the complexity of policy making in the fast lane." —John H. McArthur, Dean Emeritus, Harvard Business School.
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Civil Society in the Age of Monitory Democracy

Author: Lars Trägårdh,Nina Witoszek,Bron Taylor

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857457578

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 440

Since the emergence of the dissident "parallel polis" in Eastern Europe, civil society has become a "new superpower," influencing democratic transformations, human rights, and international co-operation; co-designing economic trends, security and defense; reshaping the information society; and generating new ideas on the environment, health, and the "good life." This volume seeks to compare and reassess the role of civil society in the rich West, the poorer South, and the quickly expanding East in the context of the twenty-first century's challenges. It presents a novel perspective on civic movements testing John Keane's notion of "monitory democracy": an emerging order of public scrutiny and monitoring of power.
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Civil Society and International Governance

The Role of Non-State Actors in the EU, Africa, Asia and Middle East

Author: David Armstrong,Valeria Bello,Julie Gilson,Debora Spini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136888934

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 5029

A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via www.tandfebooks.com as well as the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license and is part of the OAPEN-UK research project. Structures and processes occurring within and between states are no longer the only – or even the most important - determinants of those political, economic and social developments and dynamics that shape the modern world. Many issues, including the environment, health, crime, drugs, migration and terrorism, can no longer be contained within national boundaries. As a result, it is not always possible to identify the loci for authority and legitimacy, and the role of governments has been called into question. Civil Society anf International Governance critically analyses the increasing impact of nongovernmental organisations and civil society on global and regional governance. Written from the standpoint of advocates of civil society and addressing the role of civil society in relation to the UN, the IMF, the G8 and the WTO, this volume assess the role of various non-state actors from three perspectives: theoretical aspects, civil society interaction with the European Union and civil society and regional governance outside Europe, specifically Africa, East Asia and the Middle East. It demonstrates that civil society’s role has been more complex than one defined in terms, essentially, of resistance and includes actual participation in governance as well as multi-facetted contributions to legitimising and democratising global and regional governance. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, civil society, sociology, European politics and global governance.
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The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society

Author: Michael Edwards

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019933014X

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 367

Broadly speaking, The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society views the topic of civil society through three prisms: as a part of society (voluntary associations), as a kind of society (marked out by certain social norms), and as a space for citizen action and engagement (the public square or sphere).
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Globalizing Civic Engagement

Civil Society and Transnational Action

Author: John D Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136564845

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 6941

'Informative and useful.' Development and Change Until recently, most civil society organizations (CSOs) operated at national or local levels. However, new global organizations and networks are increasingly emerging. This book examines what CSOs can achieve, and the barriers they face, when they break national boundaries and sectoral moulds and work with others in global networks. A series of case studies of CSO initiatives reveal how transnational action can yield impressive results in changing policies and public attitudes. The diverse range of CSOs studied includes consumer groups, trade unions, the anti-globalization protest movement, the World Social Forum, Jubilee 2000 and others. All reveal a remarkably similar array of practical challenges, from structure and leadership issues to governance dilemmas. The book offers practical guidance to those engaged with CSOs and contributes to academic enquiry about civil society.
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Fighting Poverty Together

Rethinking Strategies for Business, Governments, and Civil Society to Reduce Poverty

Author: A. Karnani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230120237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 297

View: 474

In this hard-hitting polemical Karnani demonstrates what is wrong with today's approaches to reducing poverty. He proposes an eclectic approach to poverty reduction that emphasizes the need for business, government and civil society to partner together to create employment opportunities for the poor.
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Global Civil Society 2012

Ten Years of Critical Reflection

Author: Hertie School of

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023036943X

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 4219

Activists and academics look back over ten years of 'politics from below', and ask whether it is merely the critical gaze upon the concept that has changed – or whether there is something genuinely new about the way in which civil society is now operating.
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Renewing Governance

Governing by Learning in the Information Age

Author: Steven A. Rosell

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 8704

The emergence of a global information society is accelerating the pace of change and overwhelming established methods of organizing and governing that were developed for a world of more limited information flows and clearer boundaries. As a result, we find ourselves in the midst of a fundamental transformation. Signs of that transformation include the radical restructuring of corporate and public bureaucracies; shifting boundaires between different sectors of society, and levels of government; a growing interest in direct participation in decision-making; and, new challenges to the legitimacy of many traditional institutions. To succeed in this more interconnected and rapidly changing world, both the public and private sectors are recognizing the urgent need to develop governance and decision-making systems that are both more distributed (in which many more people can participate) and more learning-based; decision-making systems that also can operate effectively acrossshifting boundaries. The ability of a society to prosper in a world of rapid change will depend, in no small measure, on its ability to develop such learning-based governance systems. This book describes the activities and conclusions of a roundtable of senior Canadian government officials and private sector executives, who worked with researchers and leading international authorities over seven years to make sense of the implications for governance of the emergence of a global information society, and to develop more effective approaches to governing in this new context. Both in its substantitve conclusions, and in its own ongoing process of strategic dialogue and learning, the roundtable illustrated ways in which we can improve the art of governing in a world of rapid change.
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The Third Force

The Rise of Transnational Civil Society

Author: Ann M. Florini

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0870033050

Category: Political Science

Page: 295

View: 720

From the landmines campaign to the Seattle protests against the WTO to the World Commission on Dams, transnational networks of civil society groups are seizing an ever-greater voice in how governments run countries and how corporations do business. This volume brings together a multinational group of authors to help policy makers, scholars, business people, and activists themselves understand the profound issues raised. Contributors include Fredrik Galtung, Rebecca Johnson, Sanjeev Khagram, Chetan Kumar, Motoko Mekata, Thomas Risse, P.J. Simmons, and Yahya Dehqanzada.
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The Politics of AIDS

Globalization, The State and Civil Society

Author: Maj-Lis Follér,Håkan Thörn

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 1711

HIV/AIDS is one of the major political challenges of our time. For more than two decades, various initiatives have been taken to respond to the disease, not just by governments, but also by research communities, transnational corporations and in the context of civil society. Based on empirical observations from different parts of the world, this book addresses the fact that HIV/AIDS has become increasingly transnational, as nation states extend their programs across broders.
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Beyond Civil Society

Activism, Participation, and Protest in Latin America

Author: Sonia E. Alvarez,Jeffrey W. Rubin,Millie Thayer,Gianpaolo Baiocchi,Agustín Laó-Montes

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822373351

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 7339

The contributors to Beyond Civil Society argue that the conventional distinction between civic and uncivic protest, and between activism in institutions and in the streets, does not accurately describe the complex interactions of forms and locations of activism characteristic of twenty-first-century Latin America. They show that most contemporary political activism in the region relies upon both confrontational collective action and civic participation at different moments. Operating within fluid, dynamic, and heterogeneous fields of contestation, activists have not been contained by governments or conventional political categories, but rather have overflowed their boundaries, opening new democratic spaces or extending existing ones in the process. These essays offer fresh insight into how the politics of activism, participation, and protest are manifest in Latin America today while providing a new conceptual language and an interpretive framework for examining issues that are critical for the future of the region and beyond. Contributors. Sonia E. Alvarez, Kiran Asher, Leonardo Avritzer, Gianpaolo Baiocchi, Andrea Cornwall, Graciela DiMarco, Arturo Escobar, Raphael Hoetmer, Benjamin Junge, Luis E. Lander, Agustín Laó-Montes, Margarita López Maya, José Antonio Lucero, Graciela Monteagudo, Amalia Pallares, Jeffrey W. Rubin, Ana Claudia Teixeira, Millie Thayer
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Russia’s Addiction

How Oil, Gas, and the Soviet Legacy Have Shaped a Nation s Fate

Author: Clifford G. Gaddy,Barry W. Ickes

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815727747

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6279

Russia’s dependence on its oil and gas wealth is much deeper than generally recognized. Since their privatization in the 1990s, a small number of oligarchs have taken control of the economy, and the fates of millions of Russians. Vladimir Putin’s system of personal protection has been successful in keeping peace among these oligarchs and Russia’s industrial heartland—but can it continue? In Russia’s Addiction, Clifford Gaddy and Barry Ickes argue that the country’s addiction to oil and gas are a comparable to a physiological compulsion—the country understands that it is destroying itself by continuing down this road, but is unable to stop. They investigate the country’s dependence on oil, and how Putin manages to run his corrupt system, focusing on keeping oligarchs happy and expecting their full support in return. And they ask the important question: What will happen to this system when Putin is gone?
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