Good Faith in European Contract Law

Author: Reinhard Zimmermann,Simon Whittaker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521771900

Category: Law

Page: 720

View: 5428

For some Western European legal systems the principle of good faith has proved central to the development of their law of contracts, while in others it has been marginalised or even rejected. This book surveys the use or neglect of good faith.
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The Foundations of European Private Law

Author: Roger Brownsword,Hans-W Micklitz,Leone Niglia,Stephen Weatherill

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847317901

Category: Law

Page: 648

View: 8808

There remains an urgent need for a deeper discussion of the theoretical, political and federal dimensions of the European codification project. While much valuable work has already been undertaken, the chapters in this volume take as their starting point the proposition that further reflection and critical thought will enhance the quality and efficacy of the on-going work of the various codification bodies. The volume contains chapters by representatives of the Common Frame of Reference, the Study Group and the Acquis Group as well as by those who have not been involved in particular projects but who have previously commented more distantly on their work - for instance those belonging to the Trento Group, and the Social Justice Group. The chapters between them represent the most comprehensive attempt so far to survey the state of the codification project, its theoretical, political and federal foundations and the future prospects for enforcement and compliance.
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The common core of European private law

Author: Mauro Bussani,Ugo Mattei

Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl

ISBN: 9789041118523

Category: Law

Page: 231

View: 907

European private law is in the making. Many scholarly and official projects tackle the many issues that are open in the path of the unfolding of a more uniform European legal culture. None of such projects has been as thorough and patient in trying to develop a general knowledge on how things are today in the landscape of European Private Law as the 'Common Core of European Private Law Project', launched in Trento, Italy in 1993 with the direct involvement of the Late Professor R.B. Schlesinger. Within the Common Core Project, over 200 professionals apply a painstaking comparative analysis of European legal systems in the domain of Contracts, Property and Torts. Every year in Trento leading scholars address the plenary session where the active participants convene to discuss methodological and practical problems that emerge from their collective comparative effort. This book is a collection of the views of the importance and stakes of the making of European Private Law as presented in the papers delivered at the Trento plenary sessions.
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System und Prinzipien des Europäischen Vertragsrechts

Author: Karl Riesenhuber

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110900890

Category: Law

Page: 700

View: 8247

Das Buch enthält eine Gesamtdarstellung zu Fragen der Systembildung im Europäischen Vertragsrecht. Mit ihrem Grünbuch vom 11. Juli 2001 hat die Europäische Kommission die Frage nach dem wünschenswerten Harmonisierungskonzept erneut aufgeworfen. Daran anschließend hat sie am 12. Februar 2003 einen Aktionsplan für "Ein kohärentes Europäisches Vertragsrecht" vorgelegt. Beide Themenkreise werden in der vorliegenden Arbeit bereits zusammenhängend erörtert. Der Verfasser legt zunächst Grundlagen für die Arbeit: Im ersten Teil werden Grundfragen des Systemdenkens im Privatrecht erörtert und der Begriff des Europäischen Privatrechts näher konturiert. Im zweiten Teil untersucht der Verfasser, ob sich die zahlreichen einzelnen Angleichungsrechtsakte als Ausprägungen eines Gesamtplans verstehen lassen: Lässt sich den Einzelrechtsakten ein Harmonisierungskonzept entnehmen, das Grund und Grenzen der Rechtsangleichung erkennen läßt? Den Hauptteil der Arbeit bildet die systematische Gesamtdarstellung des materiellen Vertragsrechts im dritten Teil. In einer nach Sachfragen des Vertragsrechts geordneten Weise werden hier die zahlreichen Einzelregelungen erörtert, die sich über verschiedene Richtlinien verstreut finden. Es handelt sich um den - wohl ersten - Versuch einer Dogmatik des Europäischen Vertragsrechts. Über den Autor: Dr. Karl Riesenhuber ist Privatdozent an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg.
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The Principles of European Contract Law and Dutch Law:A Commentary

Author: Ewoud H. Hondius,H. J. Van Kooten

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041117490

Category: Law

Page: 471

View: 5347

The topic of harmonisation of European private law, and European contract law in particular, is rapidly gaining in importance. The topic is not only widely studied by academics and students all over Europe (and even beyond), it is also on the political agenda of the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the European Council. The most important achievement in this field is no doubt the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL), drafted by the Commission on European Contract Law. The European Commission considers the PECL to be a serious option for further harmonisation of European contract law within the European Union. This publication is the first to provide a systematic overview of the PECL in comparison with Dutch contract law as a whole. The book is concise and because of its structure it is easily accessible. Amongst the contributors there are many highly distinguished contract law specialists. It may be used at universities in courses on Comparative Law, European Private Law, and European Contract Law. It may also be used by international practitioners, foreign students, and academics interested in Dutch contract law who do not have access to Dutch contract law because they have no knowledge of the Dutch language. Last but not least, the book will be of interest to all jurists interested in the harmonisation of the European Private Law.
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Precontractual Liability in European Private Law

Author: John Cartwright,Martijn Hesselink

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521516013

Category: Law

Page: 509

View: 7031

This volume outlines European perspectives on the liability which may follow a break-off of precontractual negotiations.
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Extra legem, intra ius

Author: Axel Metzger

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161497957

Category: Law

Page: 622

View: 6453

Der allgemeine Rechtsgrundsatz ist als Normtypus von besonderer Bedeutung für das europäische Privatrecht. Zum einen greift der Europäische Gerichtshof regelmäßig auf allgemeine Rechtsgrundsätze zurück, um das Gemeinschaftsrecht auszulegen und zu ergänzen. Zum anderen arbeiten mehrere Wissenschaftsprojekte an der Sammlung rechtsvergleichend ermittelter " Principles ". Axel Metzger entwickelt zunächst eine einheitliche Terminologie und Typologie der allgemeinen Rechtsgrundsätze und beleuchtet die erkenntnistheoretischen Grundlagen. Im Hauptteil des Buches behandelt er die verschiedenen Ebenen des europäischen Privatrechts (Recht der Mitgliedstaaten, Gemeinschaftsrecht, Einheitsrecht, lex mercatoria ) und untersucht jeweils die praktische Bedeutung von Rechtsgrundsätzen, die Methode ihrer Herleitung, die Funktionen sowie die Geltungsfrage. Zum Vergleich zieht er das Recht der USA heran.
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Contract I

Pre-contractual Obligations, Conclusion of Contract, Unfair Terms

Author: Research Group on the Existing EC Private Law

Publisher: sellier. european law publ.

ISBN: 3866530234

Category: Law

Page: 311

View: 1017

The Acquis Group â?? also known as the European Research Group on Existing EC Private Law â?? pursues the objective of presenting, in a restated form known as the Acquis Principles, the large and sometimes incoherent patchwork of existing EC private law. These principles reflect the current state of EC law in a structure which allows for the identification of commonalities, contradictions, and gaps. They function as a tool for the better understanding and improvement of EC private law. They are also intended to ensure that the existing EC law is appropriately reflected in the broader Common Frame of Reference. The principles include a commentary outlining the Acquis foundations, as well as definitions of core legal terms and a glossary on terminology. Formulated with the Acquis Principles in mind, Contract I is the first of a new series. It covers the areas of general EC contract law which surround the formation of contracts, including key rules on pre-contractual duties, the conclusion of a contract, and its content.
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Mistake, Fraud and Duties to Inform in European Contract Law

Author: Ruth Sefton-Green

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139442961

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 909

This 2005 examination of twelve case studies about mistake, fraud and duties to inform reveals significant differences about how contract law works in thirteen European legal systems and, despite the fact that the solutions proposed are often similar, what divergent values underlie the legal rules. Whereas some jurisdictions recognise increasing duties to inform in numerous contracts so that the destiny of mistake and fraud (classical defects of consent) may appear to be uncertain, other jurisdictions continue to refuse such duties as a general rule or fail to recognise the need to protect one of the parties where there is an imbalance in bargaining power or information. Avoiding preconceptions as to where and why these differences exist, this book first examines the historical origins and development of defects of consent, then considers the issues from a comparative and critical standpoint.
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An Academic Green Paper on European Contract Law

Author: Stefan Grundmann,Julien Stuyck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 2803

The Contract is the core tool of governance in a free market economy. An EU Contract Law Code is now on the political agenda because all three legislative bodies in the EU and most member states favour it in principle. In its communication of July 2001, the Commission proposed three major options: to enhance the existing EC Contract Law by eliminating inconsistencies; introducing a European Code which substitutes national laws; and introducing a European code which only supplements national laws. This book achieves three things: For the first time, European academia is discussing these three options in an extensive and systematic way with pros and cons, in a transparent and systematic way, along broad lines and often also important details. The book contains the views of all protagonists from all those who really drafted the models to all those who illustrated the potential of decentralized rule-making and invented the very idea of an Optional Code. This is the first book in which the optional Code, which is the alternative most likely to come, is thoroughly analysed at all. This work also contains a full map of design possibilities. It is the executive summary of what European academia thinks of the future of European Contract Law and a European Code. It is the Academic Green Paper on European Contract Law.
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Wettbewerb der Privatrechtsordnungen im Europäischen Binnenmarkt

Studien zur Privatrechtskoordinierung in der Europäischen Union auf den Gebieten des Gesellschafts- und Vertragsrechts

Author: Eva-Maria Kieninger

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161477997

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 1707

English summary: The author discusses whether institutional competition among member states in the European Union would be preferable to harmonization with respect to the future development of European private law, especially in the fields of corporate and contract law. The work was conceived partly as a result of the Centros decision of the European Court of Justice in 1999, in which the Court used the topos of competition among legal systems for the first time and enlisted its support for an extensive interpretation of the freedom of establishment. German description: Eva-Maria Kieninger behandelt eine Grundfrage der gegenwartigen Rechtsentwicklung in der EU: Soll der Prozess der Harmonisierung fortgesetzt werden oder ware es besser, die mitgliedstaatlichen Rechtsordnungen einem Wettbewerb untereinander zu uberlassen? Diese Frage stellt sich nicht nur im Hinblick auf das Steuer-, Umwelt- oder Sozialrecht, sondern auch fur das Privatrecht, das wegen der in weiten Bereichen herrschenden Rechtswahlfreiheit auf den ersten Blick sogar besonders pradestiniert fur einen institutionellen Wettbewerb erscheint.Zunachst wird ein okonomisches Modell des institutionellen Wettbewerbs aufgestellt und auf das Privatrecht ubertragen. Dann wird fur die Bereiche des Gesellschafts- und Vertragsrechts untersucht, ob die Voraussetzungen eines funktionsfahigen Wettbewerbs gegeben sind und mit welchen Wirkungen im Erfolgsfall zu rechnen ware. Dabei werden rechtsvergleichend die US-amerikanischen Erfahrungen mit dem Wettbewerb im Gesellschaftsrecht einbezogen. Schliesslich widmet sich Eva-Maria Kieninger der Frage, ob und inwieweit ein institutioneller Wettbewerb mit dem Binnenmarktziel kompatibel ware. Aktueller Anlass der Arbeit ist unter anderem die 'Centros' -Entscheidung des EuGH aus dem Jahr 1999, in der der Gerichtshof erstmals den Topos des 'Wettbewerbs der Rechtsordnungen' verwendet und zu einer ausdehnenden Interpretation der Niederlassungsfreiheit herangezogen hat.
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Unexpected Circumstances in European Contract Law

Author: Ewoud Hondius,Christoph Grigoleit

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501151

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9801

The recent financial crisis has questioned whether existing contracts may be adapted, terminated or renegotiated as a result of unexpected circumstances. The question is not a new one. In medieval times the notion of clausula rebus sic stantibus was developed to cope with such situations, and Germany introduced the theory of Wegfall der Geschäftsgrundlage. In England, the Coronation cases provided one possible answer. This comparative study explores the possibility of classifying jurisdictions as 'open' or 'closed' in this regard.
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Verbraucherschutzrecht

Europäisierung und Materialisierung des deutschen Zivilrechts und die Herausbildung eines Verbraucherschutzprinzips

Author: Marina Tamm

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161508806

Category: Law

Page: 1078

View: 6635

English summary: At times we are faced with the question of athe law behind the law, that is to say the question of legalities connected by a multitude of associated norms. It is precisely those very diverse regulations in consumer protection law which raise this question. Marina Tamm deals with this issue and presents German consumer protection law in a form which is comprehensible and interesting to the layperson and the expert. German description: Das Verbraucherschutzrecht gehort zur Kernmaterie des Zivilrechts. Es besticht durch die Vielzahl europaischer Richtlinienvorgaben, die in nationales Recht transformiert werden mussen. Dabei kommt es zu zahlreichen Friktionen, die am besten durch das Prinzip der Mindestharmonisierung bewaltigt werden konnen. Inhaltlich stellt das Verbraucherschutzrecht eine Querschnittmaterie aus vorvertraglichen, vertraglichen, deliktischen und zivilprozessualen Vorschriften dar. Ihr stetiger Zuwachs und ihre systematische Verknupfung fuhren zu der Frage, ob dieser Regelungscluster Sonderprivatrecht darstellt, dem ein eigenes Prinzip, das des Schutzes des Verbrauchers, unterlegt ist.
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Commercial Trusts in European Private Law

Author: Michele Graziadei,Ugo Mattei,Lionel Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139448161

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6199

In European legal systems, a variety of approaches to trust and relationships of trust meet the universal professionalisation of asset management services. This book explores that interface in order to seek a better understanding of the legal regulation of the entrustment of wealth. Within the methodology of the Common Core of European Private Law, the book sets out cases on the establishment and termination of management relationships, obligations of loyalty and of professionalism, and the choice of law. More specialized cases address collective investment, collective secured lending, pension funds, and securitisation. Reports on these cases from fifteen jurisdictions of the European Union tackle fundamental problems of trust law and show which legal techniques are deployed to solve them across Europe. In addition to a much-needed comparative treatment of the subject, the book discusses the scholarly setting for the issues and gives guidance on the terminology in the evolving European scene.
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General Clauses and Standards in European Contract Law

Comparative Law, EC Law and Contract Law Codification

Author: Stefan Grundmann,Denis Mazeaud

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041124322

Category: Law

Page: 218

View: 8046

General clauses or standards (Generalklauseln, clauses generales) are legal rules which are not precisely formulated, terms and concepts which in fact do not even have a clear core. They are often applied in varying degrees in various legal systems to a rather wide range of contract cases when certain issues arise issues such as abuse of rights, unfairness, good faith, fairness of duty or loyalty or honesty, duty of care, and other such contract terms not lending themselves readily to clear or permanent definition. Here for the first time is a systematic discussion of this kind of rule in the evolving and dynamic context of European contract law. A collection of twelve insightful essays by leading European law authorities, the book is based on a conference organized jointly by the Society of European Contract Law (SECOLA) and l'association Henri Capitant, held in the `grande salle' of the French Supreme Court in Paris in 2005. The subject is approached along three distinct but interconnected avenues: comparative contract law, in which the different models to be found among Member States particularly the Germanic, French, and English common law systems are explored with an eye to differences and common ground;EC contract law, in which the general clause approach has tended to focus on labour law and consumer law, and in which the European Court of Justice more and more assumes the final say; andthe European codification dimension, in which a potential instrument on the European level would compete with national laws and develop closely with them. The authors demonstrate that a focus on general clauses in contract law, embracing as it does a wide range of types of contracts, helps enormously with the necessary integration of legal scholarship and economic approaches, and of legal science and legal practice in the field. Numerous analytic references to relevant cases and EC Directives give a practical impetus to the far-reaching but immediately applicable theory presented in this important book. As European contract law continues to develop rapidly, this seminal contribution is sure to increase in value and usefulness.
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The New European Private Law:Vol. 3:Essays on the Future of Private Law in Europe

Author: Martijn Hesselink

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041119620

Category: Law

Page: 283

View: 4173

In The New European Private Law, Martijn W. Hesselink presents a revised and supplemented collection of essays written over the last five years on European private law. He argues that the creation of a common private law in Europe is not merely a matter of rediscovering the old ius commune or of neutrally establishing the present 'common core' which may be codified in a European Civil Code. Rather, it is a matter of making choices, some of which may be highly controversial. In this book he discusses some of the most important choices which will have to be made with regard to culture, principles, politics, models, rights, concepts and structure in the new European private law.
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The Common European Sales Law in Context

Interactions with English and German Law

Author: Gerhard Dannemann,Stefan Vogenauer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191668184

Category: Law

Page: 856

View: 2010

European Contract Law unification projects have recently advanced from the Draft Common Frame of Reference (2009) to a European Commission proposal for an optional Common European Sales Law (2011) which is to facilitate cross-border marketing. This book investigates for the first time how CESL and DCFR rules would interact with various aspects of domestic law, represented by English and German law. Nineteen chapters, co-authored by British and German scholars, examine such interface issues for eg pre-contractual relationships, notions of contract, formation, interpretation, and remedies, extending to non-discrimination, third parties, transfers or rights, aspects of property law, and collective proceedings. They go beyond a critical analysis of CESL and DCFR rules by demonstrating where and how CESL rules would interact with neighbouring areas of English and German law before English and German courts, how domestic traditions might influence the application, which aspects might motivate sellers and buyers to choose or reject CESL, and which might serve as model for national legislators. The findings are summarized in the final two chapters.
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Europäisches Vertragsrecht

Author: Hein Kötz

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161537677

Category: Law

Page: 549

View: 6113

English summary: This volume deals with the contract law of the European legal systems. What are the essential rules of these systems on the formation and validity of contracts? What rules apply to a party's right to bring a claim for performance, to terminate the contract or to claim damages for breach? While the discussion is based on the national rules, they are taken into account only as local variations on a European theme. To what extent is it therefore possible to speak of a common European law of contract? What contributions do the "Principles of European Contract Law" and the proposal of the "Draft Common Frame of Reference" make? This book is not only aimed at helping to teach young Europeans lawyers, but also strives to assist those engaged in the reform of national contract law or the drafting of uniform European legislation. The first 1996 edition of the volume has now been updated and completed. German description: Unter "Europaischem Vertragsrecht" versteht dieses Buch die Regeln, die den Rechtsordnungen der europaischen Lander gemeinsam sind: Wie kommt ein gultiger Vertrag zustande? Nach welchen Regeln wird beurteilt, ob eine Vertragspartei die Erfullung des Vertrages verlangen, von dem Vertrag Abstand nehmen, ihn widerrufen oder kundigen oder den Kontrahenten auf Schadensersatz in Anspruch nehmen kann? Lassen sich auf dem Gebiet des Vertragsrechts gemeineuropaische Strukturen auffinden? Gibt es allgemein akzeptierte Regeln? Wie sind sie zu formulieren, wenn man die "Prinzipien des Europaischen Vertragsrechts" oder die Vorschlage des "Draft Common Frame of Reference" berucksichtigt? Dabei werden die Losungen der nationalen Rechtsordnungen ausfuhrlich - wenn auch stets nur als nationale Variationen eines europaischen Themas - behandelt. Das Buch kann deshalb bei der rechtsvergleichenden Ausbildung der jungen europaischen Juristen eine Rolle spielen, ferner auch dort, wo e s um die Vorbereitung europaischen Gesetzesrechts oder um die Reform der nationalen Vertragsrechte geht. Das Buch ist in einer ersten unvollstandigen Auflage schon 1996 erschienen. Die Neuauflage bringt den Text auf den neuen Stand und erganzt ihn um die damals noch fehlenden Abschnitte.
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International Legal Materials

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biblioteca Alfa-Omega de ciências sociais

Page: N.A

View: 3888

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