Globalization and Varieties of Capitalism

New Labour, Economic Policy and the Abject State

Author: D. Coffey,C. Thornley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230244602

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 8461

A study of Britain as a capitalism poised between American and European models, exploring themes of legitimation, denial and opportunism via a series of substantial case studies framed by a reinterpretation of Thatcherism's economic contexts and a critical assessment of New Labour.
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Varieties of Capitalism, Types of Democracy and Globalization

Author: Masanobu Ido

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136342702

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 4996

This book combines two strands of international political economy; examining how capitalism and democracy shape and are shaped by each other. Although until now considered separately, this path-breaking book proposes an innovative view of a political-economic system that inextricably links the model of capitalism to the type of democracy, where continuation is mutually reinforced. Advanced countries have achieved post-war affluence by adopting one of two contrasting models of capitalism; liberal market economies or coordinated market economies, and two opposing types of democracies: consensus or majoritarian democracies. Expert contributors in the field consider the question of whether and how globalization is transforming the post-war political–economic systems of advanced countries such as Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Japan, as well as the question of how it is shaping democracy and capitalism combinations in former socialist countries in Eastern Europe and the new "capitalist" China. The book examines various topics, including party system change, a political dilemma of the established party, and corporate governance reforms, to posit an original an innovative theory of international political economy. Variety of Capitalism, Types of Democracy and Globalization will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, political economy and globalization.
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Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191530104

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 556

View: 9357

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
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Aufstieg und Niedergang von Nationen

ökonomisches Wachstum, Stagflation und soziale Starrheit

Author: Mancur Olson

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161485237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 5177

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Die Chancen der Globalisierung

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 3197

Wir wissen, was an der Globalisierung faul ist. Joseph Stiglitz sagt uns, wie sie funktionieren kann. Der Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz kehrt mit diesem Buch zurück zu den Fragen seines Bestsellers »Die Schatten der Globalisierung«. Er untersucht, welche Veränderungen die Weltwirtschaftsordnung in den letzten Jahren erlebt hat und erläutert die großen politischen Herausforderungen, vor denen wir heute stehen. Vor allem entwickelt er seine Vision einer gerechteren Zukunft und zeigt konkrete Wege aus der Globalisierungsfalle auf. Der weltweite Wohlstand nimmt infolge der Globalisierung zwar insgesamt zu, doch auch das Gefälle zwischen Reich und Arm wird immer größer. Seitdem Stiglitz mit seinem Bestseller „Die Schatten der Globalisierung“ für Furore sorgte, hat sich das Bewusstsein für dieses Ungleichgewicht und für die Gefahren sozialer Ungerechtigkeit geschärft. Doch den zahlreichen Bekenntnissen für eine gerechtere Welt müssen nun politische Taten folgen. An diesem Punkt setzt das neue Buch des Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgers an. Auf der Grundlage seiner wissenschaftlichen Forschung und seiner Erfahrungen in der politischen Praxis zeigt Stiglitz, wie die Chancen für positive Veränderungen, die in der fortschreitenden Globalisierung liegen, genutzt werden können. Dabei spricht er zahlreiche Themen an, die uns in Europa, in den USA aber auch in den sich entwickelnden Ländern auf den Nägeln brennen. Ob es um weltweites Outsourcing geht oder um Energieprobleme, die notwenige Reform des weltweiten Währungssystems oder die Kontrolle transnationaler Konzerne – stets behält Stiglitz das Machbare im Auge. Joseph Stiglitz ist Nobelpreisträger und auch hierzulande ein gefragter Autor.
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Die Logik des kollektiven Handelns

Kollektivgüter und die Theorie der Gruppen

Author: Mancur Olson

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161485046

Category: Political Science

Page: 181

View: 1467

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Siebzehn Widersprüche und das Ende des Kapitalismus

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843710716

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9034

WORUM GEHT ES? Gibt es seit dem Ende des Kommunismus wirklich keine echten Alternativen zum Kapitalismus? David Harvey meint: Doch! Man muss allerdings das Wesen des Kapitalismus genau verstehen, um ihn durch einen revolutionären Humanismus ersetzen zu können, in dessen Zentrum nicht das Kapital, sondern der Mensch steht. Konkret untersucht Harvey die Anhäufung von Kapital, das fatale Wachstumscredo, den spekulativen Immobilienmarkt und den Raubbau an der Natur. Er beschreibt jedoch nicht nur Krisen, sondern zeigt auch Chancen auf. Denn gerade die Widersprüche im Kapitalismus können Anfangspunkte für neue politische und kulturelle Bewegungen sein. Die utopische Kraft dafür kommt aus den Städten. WAS IST BESONDERS? Eine fundierte, realitätsnahe Kapitalismuskritik und zugleich ein Manifest des Wandels – geschrieben von einem der führenden Sozialtheoretiker der heutigen Zeit. WER LIEST? • Jeder, der die globalen Machtverhältnisse kritisch sieht • Leser von Stéphane Hessel, Michael J. Sandel, David Graeber und Thomas Piketty
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Plattform-Kapitalismus

Author: Nick Srnicek

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 386854934X

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 633

Was vereint Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, Monsanto, Uber und Airbnb? Sie alle sind Unternehmen, die Hardware und Software für andere bereitstellen, mit dem Ziel, möglichst geschlossene sozio-ökonomische Tech-Systeme zu schaffen. Google kontrolliert die Recherche, Facebook regiert Social Media und Amazon ist führend beim E-Commerce. Doch nicht nur Technologie-Unternehmen bauen Plattformen auf, auch Traditionsfirmen wie Siemens entwickeln ein cloudbasiertes Produktionssystem. Plattformen sind in der Lage, immense Daten zu gewinnen, zu nutzen und zu verkaufen – Monopolisierungstendenzen sind die "natürliche" Folge. Sind wir auf dem Weg in einen digitalen Monopolkapitalismus? Diese Streitschrift ist unerlässlich für alle, die verstehen wollen, wie die mächtigsten technologischen Unternehmen unserer Zeit die globale Ökonomie verändern.
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Globalization and Employment Relations in the Auto Assembly Industry

A Study of Seven Countries

Author: Roger Blanpain,Russell D. Lansbury

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041126988

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 6781

Describes work organization, skill formation, remuneration systems, staffing arrangements and employment security, and enterprise governance and employee-management relations in seven countries: the United States, Australia, Germany, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, and China.
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Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 6982

Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.
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Internalizing Globalization

The Rise of Neoliberalism and the Decline of National Varieties of Capitalism

Author: Susanne Soederberg,Georg Menz,Philip G. Cerny

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230524435

Category: Political Science

Page: 297

View: 1212

This book explores how a wide range of countries attempt to cope with the challenges of globalization. While the internalization of globalization proceeds in significantly different ways, there is a broad process of convergence taking place around the politics of neoliberalism and a more market-oriented version of capitalism. The book examines how distinct social structures, political cultures, patterns of party and interest group politics, classes, public policies, liberal democratic and authoritarian institutions, and the discourses that frame them, are being reshaped by political actors. Chapters cover national experiences from Europe and North America to Asia and Latin America (Chile, Mexico, and Peru).
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National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism

The Danish Experience

Author: John L. Campbell,John A. Hall,Ove Kaj Pedersen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773529977

Category: Political Science

Page: 525

View: 6317

Denmark has out-performed most other advanced capitalist countries since the mid-1980s Contributors to National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism draw from the literature on capitalism and small states and corporatism to explore why this is the case. They find that Danish political and economic institutions facilitate bargaining and consensus building in ways that have enabled the state, businesses, and labour unions to adapt to the challenges of globalization. Moreover, by virtue of its small size, homogeneous population, and response to a variety of international challenges - both economic and geopolitical - Denmark has developed a strong national identity that further bolsters consensus building. The result has been an adaptable and flourishing national political economy.
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New Directions in the Study of Work and Employment

Revitalizing Industrial Relations As an Academic Enterprise

Author: Charles J. Whalen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848445202

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3402

. . . the book is both wide-ranging and thought provoking. . . New Directions in the Study of Work and Employment is a first rate collection of papers that provides a state-of-the-art overview of debates on the health and standing of the field of industrial relations. John Kelly, Transfer Charles Whalen s excellent edited volume New Directions in the Study of Work and Employment is a conversation about renewing the academic discipline formerly known as industrial relations. . . The chapters of this book are uniformly of high quality and provocative. . . It inspires the reader to engage and mend the world a bit. David Jacobs, Heterodox Economics Newsletter . . . an intellectually stimulating collection of informed, sound, and innovative responses to modern labor problems. . . . New Directions is a timely work that deserves wide readership by anyone with an association or interest in industrial relations. Although the matter of revitalization of the field of IR is not nearly a new topic, dismissing this volume as simply another typical prescription in the lineage of IR revitalization commentary would be a gross miscalculation. For one, the sheer breadth and depth of the contributing scholars brings a unique intellectual richness to this project. Also, this book distinctively tackles the issue of revitalization from a multitude of perspectives from social capital to network theories to labor and employment law, and from research and theory to teaching and practice and does so in a way that is comprehensive, continuous, and in dialog throughout. Finally this book makes a significant contribution because of its specific recommendations for IR revitalization. Instead of telling scholars and practitioners the need for a new direction but providing few feasible alternatives, New Directions proffers real pathways for progress. This book is a useful guide for navigating the ever-developing world of work and employment relations. Sean Rogers, Perspectives on Work Where is the field of industrial relations going? How can it be rejuvenated? How can it be reformulated to deal with current problems? These are among the difficult questions this stimulating book addresses. George Strauss, University of California, Berkeley, US This book deserves to be widely read. The academic study of industrial relations has recently struggled to adjust to the brave new world of work and employment relations. Too often there has been a retreat into the study of very small issues and insufficient emphasis on the big picture. The chapters in this volume make a valuable contribution to filling this gap. Most important of all, the book is forward-looking. Ken Mayhew, University of Oxford, UK Charles Whalen has assembled a timely and comprehensive examination of the world of work by a distinguished group of international scholars. Robert B. McKersie, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US This book represents a breath of fresh air, provided by many of the most prominent scholars in industrial relations today. It anchors the field to its past, but more importantly highlights pathways to the future. It is indispensable reading, and will form a solid foundation for continued dialogue about new directions for the study of work and employment. Morley Gunderson, University of Toronto, Canada Work and its associated problems are more important to individuals and society than ever before. That is why it is so crucial to re-envision the field of industrial relations (employment relations), which brings together economics, sociology, psychology, history, human resource management, political science, and all other areas of scholarship related to work. This compendium by leading industrial relations scholars makes a vital contribution in that direction. Paula B. Voos, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, US Industrial relations is confronting major challenges. This valuable book deserves a warm welcome since it illustrates and maps a series o
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Are there varieties of capitalism in African political economies?

The impact of colonialism and globalization on the emergence of national economies in Uganda and DR Congo

Author: Christoph Vogel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656047014

Category: Political Science

Page: 27

View: 4615

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: 1,7, University of Cologne (Forschungsinstitut für Politische Wissenschaft und Europäische Fragen), course: Comparative Political Economy: Varieties of Capitalism, language: English, abstract: Since the last decade scientific research on capitalism has experienced a noticeably grown attention among scholars as well as politicians. One of the most discussed approaches in this field of comparative analysis of political economy is the ‘varieties of capitalism’ theory1 developed by Peter Hall and David Soskice. Their approach basically focuses on how different actors may behave in a certain politico-economic state configuration and on how far this configuration can determine a national type or variety of capitalism as well as the economic success of a political economy. This approach, though, has been designed with a view to the so-called ‘developed economies’, which are to be found in Western and Central Europe as well as in North America. In the era of globalization other economies have come into play, with their performances ranging from real success stories, as in several Asian economies, to considerable failure, as in most marginalized Sub-Saharan African economies. After presenting Hall and Soskice’s approach and some of its criticisms in order to give a conceptual framework, this paper will provide a very brief overview of the political economy of colonialism, followed by a case-study analysis of the contemporary political economies of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The main research question is to identify to which extent varieties of capitalism imported from colonial powers have fashioned today’s economies in the chosen cases as ‘economic models’ or how far the empirically established colonial economic systems are responsible for post-colonial developments. The former colonial power in Uganda, Great Britain, will be considered as a Liberal Market Economy, whereas DRC’s colonial power, Belgium, will be assigned the Coordinated Market Economies2 type. In order to avoid analytical shortcomings, this paper also tries to take into consideration the discrepancy between those models and the colonial reality as well as postcolonial developments, which have evolved due to domestic characteristics or as a consequence of a globalizing political economy.
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Comparative Responses to Globalization

Experiences of British and Japanese Enterprises

Author: M. Umemura,R. Fujioka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137263636

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 4983

Explores how British and Japanese firms have responded to globalization from a long-term perspective. Incorporates studies from the 18th century and sheds light on the impact of the institutional setting, the influence of government and entrepreneurs, and the weight of historical contingency in conditioning firm responses to globalization.
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The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 8677

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
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Kulturen der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Werner Abelshauser

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525364245

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 303

View: 8635

Was sind Wirtschaftskulturen, und welche Rolle spielen sie auf dem Weltmarkt?
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Institutional Impacts on Firm Internationalization

Author: S. Marinova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137446358

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 358

View: 1590

Institutional Impacts on Firm Internationalization addresses various aspects of the investigated phenomenon, providing an insight in the role of the varieties of capitalism on the globalization of business activities worldwide.
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