German Grammar in Context, Second Edition

Author: Carol Fehringer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444167278

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 250

View: 9558

German Grammar in Context presents an accessible and engaging approach to learning grammar. Each chapter opens with a real-life extract from a German newspaper, magazine, poem, book or internet source and uses this text as the starting point for explaining a particular key area of German grammar. A range of exercises follow at the end of the chapter, helping students to reinforce and test their understanding, and an answer key is also provided at the back of the book. This second edition features: Updated texts with current newspaper and magazine articles and new extracts from digital media such as chatrooms or blogs Inclusion of a wide-ranging selection of sources and topics to further students’ engagement with issues relevant to contemporary Germany and Austria Clear and user-friendly coverage of grammar, aided by a list of grammatical terms A wide variety of inventive exercises designed to thoroughly build up grammatical understanding, vocabulary acquisition and effective comprehension and communication skills Helpful 'keyword boxes' translating difficult vocabulary in the texts A recommended reading section offering advice on additional grammar resources and website links German Grammar in Context will be an essential resource for intermediate to advanced students of German. It is suitable for both classroom use and independent study.

Hammer's German Grammar and Usage

Author: Professor Martin Durrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444174037

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 576

View: 473

Long trusted as the most comprehensive, up-to-date and user-friendly grammar available, HAMMER'S GERMAN GRAMMAR AND USAGE provides you with a complete guide to German as it is written and spoken today. This new edition includes: -concise descriptions of the main grammatical phenomena of German and their use -examples of grammar taken from contemporary German, helping you to understand the underlying grammatical principles more quickly -invaluable guidance on pronunciation and the German accent -discussion of new words from English roots such as 'zertweeten' ('to tweet'), helping you to communicate in German as used by Germans today -clarification on the spelling reform and current spellings of German, thus increasing your confidence while writing and reading in German. Praised for its clear layout and lucid explanations, this new edition distinguishes the most common forms of usage, both formal and informal, and offers you a combination of reference grammar and manual of current usage that you will find invaluable, whether a student or a teacher, at intermediate or advanced level.

Modern German Grammar

A Practical Guide

Author: Bill J. Dodd

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415273005

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 454

View: 5355

Modern German Grammar is divided into two parts. Part A covers traditional grammatical categories such as word order, nouns, verbs and adjectives. Part B is carefully organized around language functions and notions such as: * Apologizing * Expressing regret * Voicing an opinion or casting doubt on something The book addresses learners' pratical needs and presents the uses to which we put language in order to communicate effectively in a wide range of situations. Implementing feedback from users of the first edition, this second edition features: * The new German spelling system * Fuller explanations of grammatical structures in Part A * Even more extensive cross-referencing between Parts A and B * A comprehensive index to the full grammar The grammar assumes no previous grammatical training and is intended for all those who have a basic knowledge of German, from intermediate learners in schools and adult education to undergraduates taking German as a major or minor part of their studies. This grammar is also accompanied by a second edition of the Modern German Grammar Workbook, featuring exercises and activities which link directly to the grammar.

Practising German Grammar

Author: Martin Durrell,Katrin Kohl,Claudia Kaiser

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317285824

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 256

View: 556

This new edition of Practising German Grammar provides you with varied and accessible exercises for developing an in-depth and practical awareness of German as it is spoken and written today. Whether used independently or as the ideal companion to the new sixth edition of the widely acclaimed Hammer’s German Grammar and Usage, this fourth edition of Practising German Grammar gives you the right tools to achieve high-level writing competence and comprehension of German. Using lively, authentic texts from a wide range of original sources and offering a variety of new and updated exercises designed to stimulate and to give confidence, Practising German Grammar will help you to master the complexities of the German language. Created especially for the new edition, a companion website at offers a wide range of exercises and quizzes on all the main areas of German, suitable for self-study and to accompany instructed grammar courses.

Programmieren lernen mit Python

Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868999477

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 1097

Python ist eine moderne, interpretierte, interaktive und objektorientierte Skriptsprache, vielseitig einsetzbar und sehr beliebt. Mit mathematischen Vorkenntnissen ist Python leicht erlernbar und daher die ideale Sprache für den Einstieg in die Welt des Programmierens. Das Buch führt Sie Schritt für Schritt durch die Sprache, beginnend mit grundlegenden Programmierkonzepten, über Funktionen, Syntax und Semantik, Rekursion und Datenstrukturen bis hin zum objektorientierten Design. Jenseits reiner Theorie: Jedes Kapitel enthält passende Übungen und Fallstudien, kurze Verständnistests und kleinere Projekte, an denen Sie die neu erlernten Programmierkonzepte gleich ausprobieren und festigen können. Auf diese Weise können Sie das Gelernte direkt anwenden und die jeweiligen Programmierkonzepte nachvollziehen. Lernen Sie Debugging-Techniken kennen: Am Ende jedes Kapitels finden Sie einen Abschnitt zum Thema Debugging, der Techniken zum Aufspüren und Vermeiden von Bugs sowie Warnungen vor entsprechenden Stolpersteinen in Python enthält. Starten Sie durch: Beginnen Sie mit den Grundlagen der Programmierung und den verschiedenen Programmierkonzepten, und lernen Sie, wie ein Informatiker zu programmieren.

Deutsch Im Blick

Author: Zsuzsanna Abrams

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781937963019

Category: Computer-assisted instruction

Page: 486

View: 6226

"This textbook of classroom activities and homework accompanies Deutsch im Blick,, the web-based German program developed and in use at the University of Texas since 2004, and its companion site, Grimm Grammar (2000)"--Open Textbook Library website.

Grammatical theory

From transformational grammar to constraint-based approaches. Second revised and extended edition

Author: Stefan Müller

Publisher: Language Science Press

ISBN: 3961100748


Page: N.A

View: 7554

This book introduces formal grammar theories that play a role in current linguistic the- orizing (Phrase Structure Grammar, Transformational Grammar/Government & Binding, Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar, Categorial Gram- mar, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Construction Grammar, Tree Adjoining Grammar). The key assumptions are explained and it is shown how the respective the- ory treats arguments and adjuncts, the active/passive alternation, local reorderings, verb placement, and fronting of constituents over long distances. The analyses are explained with German as the object language. The second part of the book compares these approaches with respect to their predictions regarding language acquisition and psycholinguistic plausibility. The nativism hypothe- sis, which assumes that humans posses genetically determined innate language-specific knowledge, is critically examined and alternative models of language acquisition are dis- cussed. The second part then addresses controversial issues of current theory building such as the question of flat or binary branching structures being more appropriate, the question whether constructions should be treated on the phrasal or the lexical level, and the question whether abstract, non-visible entities should play a role in syntactic analyses. It is shown that the analyses suggested in the respective frameworks are often translatable into each other. The book closes with a chapter showing how properties common to all languages or to certain classes of languages can be captured. “With this critical yet fair reflection on various grammatical theories, Müller fills what has been a major gap in the literature.” Karen Lehmann, Zeitschrift für Rezensionen zur germanistischen Sprachwissenschaft, 2012 “Stefan Müller’ s recent introductory textbook, “Grammatiktheorie”, is an astonishingly comprehensive and insightful survey of the present state of syntactic theory for beginning students.” Wolfgang Sternefeld und Frank Richter, Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 2012 “This is the kind of work that has been sought after for a while. [...] The impartial and objective discussion offered by the author is particularly refreshing.” Werner Abraham, Germanistik, 2012

Margarita Philosophica (Basel 1517)

Erste deutsche Übersetzung mit Einführung und Literaturangaben übersetzt von Otto und Eva Schönberger. Die Übersetzung ist gedruckt unter Wiederabdruck der Holzschnitte im Text wie in der Originalausgabe der Ausgabe von 1517

Author: Gregor Reisch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783826059438


Page: 700

View: 9619


Vom System zum Gebrauch

Eine genetisch-philosophische Untersuchung des Grammatikbegriffs bei Wittgenstein

Author: Sarah Anna Uffelmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110565161

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 7029


Deutsche syntax, generativ

Vorstudien zur Theorie einer projektiven Grammatik

Author: Hubert Haider

Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag

ISBN: 9783878086758

Category: Allemand (Langue) - Grammaire générative

Page: 296

View: 3273


Phonological and phonetic competence: between grammar, signal processing, and neural activity

Author: Ulrike Domahs,Hubert Truckenbrodt,Richard Wiese

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 288919809X


Page: N.A

View: 6791

The starting point for this Research Topic was a Priority Programme on experimental research in phonology and phonetics which was funded by the German Science Foundation (DFG) from 2006 to 2013. Based on this programme, the aim of this Research Topic is to draw together empirical work in the field of segmental and prosodic processing and representation and phonological theory. Contributions are encouraged that focus on the exploration of human cognitive, articulatory and perceptual abilities dealing with all types of phonetic and phonological entities. More specifically, papers are encouraged that address the interface of the speech sound systems investigated in phonology, the representation about articulation, perception, acquisition and processing established in phonetics and psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics. Topics of investigation could be: (1) phonological representations in the mental lexicon – specified minimally in terms of categorical phonological information or as variable phonetic imprint of the occurrences in the input, (2) sounds and sound-changing processes – systemic and functional aspects, (3) prosodic units such as syllables and metrical feet, as well as the phonological phrases that are connected to syntactic units of the sentence – systemic- properties, processing and phonetic consequences, (4) tones as building blocks of the sentence melody – their relation to the level of linguistic expressions on the one hand, their phonetic realisation (e.g., tonal height and contours) and perception on the other hand. Experimental contributions making use of behavioural methods including eye movement studies and methods like EEG, fMRI, MEG and EPA to investigate production and perception of phonetic and phonological entities are particularly welcome. We welcome original research articles, reviews, theory articles, methodological articles, as well as brief commentaries/opinion pieces (for further information see here).

Dante Alighieri: De vulgari eloquentia

mit der italienischen Übersetzung von Gian Giorgio Trissino (1529)

Author: Dante Alighieri

Publisher: ibidem-Verlag / ibidem Press

ISBN: 3838257103

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 198

View: 9108

Für sein unvollendet gebliebenes sprachphilosophisches Traktat "De vulgari eloquentia" (1303-1304), in dem die italienische Volkssprache auf Grund ihrer Natürlichkeit erstmals über das Lateinische gestellt wird, hat Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) im Gegensatz zu seinem Meisterwerk, der "Divina Commedia", nicht die Volkssprache selbst, sondern die lateinische Sprache gewählt. 1529 ließ Gian Giorgio Trissino eine italienische Übersetzung des bis dahin verschollenen Traktats erscheinen.Der vorliegende Band vereinigt Dantes lateinischen Urtext mit Trissinos Version und stellt diesen beiden Fassungen eine neue deutsche Übersetzung gegenüber, um – besonders für Studierende der Romanistik – die Arbeit mit diesem zentralen Text der Italianistik in Zukunft zu erleichtern. Vorangestellt ist ein einführendes Kapitel über die Prinzipien der Textedition.

Informationsstruktur und Grammatik

Author: Joachim Jacobs

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663121763

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 2684

Das Sonderheft gibt einen Einblick in die aktuelle Forschung zur Informationsstruktur, d. h. zur Fokus-Hintergrund-Gliederung (FGH) und zur Topik-Prädikations-Gliederung (TPG). Das Hauptaugenmerk gilt der Rolle dieser Strukturierungsdimensionen in der Grammatik und in angrenzenden Bereichen der Pragmatik. Es werden neuere Ergebnisse zum Einfluß von FGH und TPG auf die syntaktische und phonologische Form sowie auf Wahrheits- und Verwendungsbedingungen präsentiert, um in Ausschnitten zu dokumentieren, welchen Stellenwert FGH und TPG im Rahmen des aktuellen Versuchs haben, einzelsprachliche Beschreibungen auf das Fundament universeller Theorien zu stellen und syntaktische und satzphonologische Analysen systematisch mit expliziten Bedeutungsanalysen zu verknüpfen.

Heikle Gespräche

Worauf es ankommt, wenn viel auf dem Spiel steht

Author: Kerry Patterson,Al Switzler,Joseph Grenny,Ron McMillan

Publisher: Linde Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3709402522

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 7874

Der New-York-Times-Bestseller in der 2. Auflage Ob am Arbeitsplatz, in der Partnerschaft, der Familie oder im Freundeskreis, wir alle kommen hin und wieder in die Lage, heikle Dinge offen ansprechen zu müssen. Aber wer führt schon gern Gespräche, bei denen Meinungsverschiedenheiten, Einwände und Ärger vorprogrammiert sind? Viele Menschen schrecken davor zurück, weil sie nicht wissen, wie sie sich in solchen Situationen richtig verhalten sollen. Genau dabei hilft dieses Buch. Der Bestseller liefert praktische Tipps und Techniken und zeigt nun bereits in der zweiten, überarbeiteten Auflage, wie man schwierige Gespräche konstruktiv meistert und auch über unangenehme Themen gelassen diskutiert.

A History of German

Author: Joseph Salmons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199697949

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 396

View: 6261

This book provides a detailed introduction to the development of the German language from the earliest reconstructible prehistory to the present day. A key to understanding how any human language works is understanding how that language developed over time. German speakers, as well as language learners and teachers are often puzzled by many questions about the German language: How did German come to have so many different dialects and close linguistic cousins like Dutch and Plattdeutsch? Why does German have 'umlaut' vowels and why do they play so many different roles in the grammar (noun plurals and subjunctive verbs, among many more)? Why are noun plurals so complicated (-e, -en, -er, umlaut, -s or nothing at all)? Are there reasons for the different gender markings in the language (die Woche versus das Auge)? Are dialects dying out today? Does English, with all the words it loans to German, pose a threat to the language? Full, satisfying answers to many of these questions are emerging in current research and this book presents, in an accessible manner, a concise linguistic introduction to the history of German as specialists understand it today. The book is supported by a companion website and is suitable for language learners and teachers and students of linguistics, from undergraduate level upwards.

Französisch für Dummies

Author: Dodi-Katrin Schmidt,Michelle M. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527705457

Category: French language

Page: 383

View: 9282

'Französisch für Dummies' bietet einen leichten und unterhaltsamen Einstieg in die französische Sprache. Zunächst verraten die Autoren, wie Sie französische Wörter richtig aussprechen und betonen und führen Sie auch in die Grundlagen der französischen Grammatik ein. Dann wird es praktisch, denn jedes Kapitel beschäftigt sich mit einer Alltagssituation: Sie lernen, wie Sie sich auf Französisch vorstellen, im Restaurant bestellen oder nach dem Weg fragen. Sie finden sich in einer typischen Büroumgebung wieder und vereinbaren Termine, mieten eine Wohnung an oder buchen eine Flugreise. Aber auch Ihre Freizeit kommt nicht zu kurz: Sie gehen mit Freunden aus, kaufen ein, sprechen über Ihre Hobbys und machen Sport. Dabei nehmen Sie immer die jeweils wichtigsten Sätze, Umschreibungen und Begriffe auf und erhalten nebenbei viele Informationen zum Alltag und zur Kultur in Frankreich. Am Ende jedes Kapitels gibt es kleine Übungen, mit denen Sie Ihre erworbenen Sprachkenntnisse prüfen können. Im Anhang des Buches finden Sie Verbtabellen und ein kleines Französisch-Deutsch-/Deutsch-Französisch-Wörterbuch. Auf der beiliegenden CD gibt es die Dialoge aus dem Buch zum Anhören und Nachsprechen.


Prinzipien, Techniken und Werkzeuge

Author: Alfred V. Aho

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783827370976

Category: Compiler

Page: 1253

View: 5074


Nominal Determination

Typology, Context Constraints, and Historical Emergence

Author: Elisabeth Stark,Elisabeth Leiss,Werner Abraham

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027230997

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 369

View: 4323

The following theoretical-empirical points on the DP are discussed: Article and its referential-anaphoric properties by Abraham (Determiners in Centering Theory); Bartra (On bare NPs in Old Spanish and Catalan); identification of all functional nominal categories by Stvan (Bare singular count nouns); Kupisch & Koops (Specificity and negation); Jäger (History of German indefinite determiners); typological comparison of the interaction of nominal and verbal determination by Abraham (Discourse-functional crystallization of the or­ig­inal demonstrative); Leiss (Covert (in)definiteness and aspect in Old Icelandic, Goth­ic, Old High German); Lohndal (Double definiteness during Old Norse); emergence of DP in ontogeny/phylogeny by Osawa (DP, TP and aspect in Old English and L1 acquisition); Bittner (Early functions of definites in L1 acquisition); Wood (Demonstratives and possessives emergent from Old English); Bauer ((in)defin­ite articles in Indo-European) and Stark (Variation in nominal indefiniteness in Romance).