Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology

Author: James Conolly,Mark Lake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521793300

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 7199

Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

A European Perspective

Author: Gary R Lock,G Stancic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748402083

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 3649

Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.

Spatial Technology and Archaeology

The Archaeological Applications of GIS

Author: David Wheatley,Mark Gillings

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466576618

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 269

View: 7700

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and related spatial technologies have a new and powerful role to play in archaeological interpretation. Beginning with a conceptual approach to the representation of space adopted by GIS, this book examines spatial databases; the acquisition and compilation of data; the analytical compilation of data; the analytical functionality of GIS; and the creation and utilization of critical foundation data layers such as the Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The ways in which GIS can most usefully facilitate archaeological analysis and interpretation are then explored particularly as a tool for the management of archaeological resources. Formal analysis of archaeological material, and the use of trend surface, contouring and interpolation procedures are considered along with predictive modeling analysis of visibility and intervisibility. Finally there is a discussion of leading-edge issues, including three-dimensional GIS, object-oriented GIS, the relationship between GIS and 'Virtual Reality' technologies, and the integration of GIS with distributed systems and the Internet. The approach is light, and technical detail is kept to a minimum, recognizing that most readers are simply interested in using GIS effectively. The text is carefully illustrated with worked case-studies using archaeological data. Spatial Technology and Archaeology provides a single reference source for archaeologists, students, professionals, and academics in archaeology as well as those in anthropology and related disciplines.

Geographical Information Systems and Landscape Archaeology

Author: Mark Gillings,D. J. Mattingly,Jan van Dalen

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 137

View: 2282

This monograph focuses on the use of GIS modelling as applied to the collection and interpretation of data relating to the archaeology of the Mediterranean landscape.

Archaeology and the Information Age

Author: Sebastian Rahtz,Paul Reilly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134898355

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 5594

Traditional methods of making archaeological data available are becoming increasingly inadequate. Thanks to improved techniques for examining data from multiple viewpoints, archaeologists are now in a position to record different kinds of data, and to explore that data more fully than ever before. The growing availablility of computer networks and other technologies means that communication should become increasingly available to international archaeologists. Will this result in the democratisation of archaeological knowledge on a global basis? Contributors from Western and Eastern Europe, the Far East, Africa and the Americas seek to answer this and other questions about the way in which modern technology is revolutionising archaeological knowledge.

Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Author: Christopher B. Jones

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 9210

A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.

E-Learning Methodologies and Computer Applications in Archaeology

Author: Politis, Dionysios

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599047614

Category: Education

Page: 490

View: 1865

Tools of data comparison and analysis are critical in the field of archaeology, and the integration of technological advancements such as geographic information systems, intelligent systems, and virtual reality reconstructions with the teaching of archaeology is crucial to the effective utilization of resources in the field. E-Learning Methodologies and Computer Applications in Archaeology presents innovative instructional approaches for archaeological e-learning based on networked technologies, providing researchers, scholars, and professionals a comprehensive global perspective on the resources, development, application, and implications of information communication technology in multimedia-based educational products and services in archaeology.

GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling

Author: Mark W. Mehrer,Konnie L. Wescott

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203563352

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 3544

Although archaeologists are using GIS technology at an accelerating rate, publication of their work has not kept pace. A state-of-the-art exploration the subject, GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling pulls together discussions of theory and methodology, scale, data, quantitative methods, and cultural resource management and uses location models and case studies to illustrate these concepts. This book, written by a distinguished group of international authors, reassesses the practice of predictive modeling as it now exists and examines how it has become useful in new ways. A guide to spatial procedures used in archaeology, the book provides a comprehensive treatment of predictive modeling. It draws together theoretical models and case studies and explains how modeling may be applied to future projects. The book illustrates the various aspects of academic and practical applications of predictive modeling. It also discusses the need to assess the reliability of the results and the implications of reliability assessment on the further development of predictive models. Of the books available on GIS, some touch on archaeological applications but few cover the topic in such depth. Both up to date and containing case studies from a wide range of geographical locations including Europe, the USA, and Australia, this book sets a baseline for future developments.

Re-Mapping Archaeology

Critical Perspectives, Alternative Mappings

Author: Mark Gillings,Piraye Hacıgüzeller,Gary Lock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351267701

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 5688

Maps have always been a fundamental tool in archaeological practice, and their prominence and variety have increased along with a growing range of digital technologies used to collect, visualise, query and analyse spatial data. However, unlike in other disciplines, the development of archaeological cartographical critique has been surprisingly slow; a missed opportunity given that archaeology, with its vast and multifaceted experience with space and maps, can significantly contribute to the field of critical mapping. Re-mapping Archaeology thinks through cartographic challenges in archaeology and critiques the existing mapping traditions used in the social sciences and humanities, especially since the 1990s. It provides a unique archaeological perspective on cartographic theory and innovatively pulls together a wide range of mapping practices applicable to archaeology and other disciplines. This volume will be suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for established researchers in archaeology, geography, anthropology, history, landscape studies, ethnology and sociology.

Römer, Kelten und Germanen

Leben in den germanischen Provinzen Roms

Author: Maureen Carroll

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783806217629

Category: Celts

Page: 214

View: 9692


Innovations In GIS

Author: David Parker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748404582

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 9123

Derived from presentations made at the third annual UK National Conference on GIS Research, this work consists of contributions by leading experts in: geography, mathematics, computing science, surveying, archaeology, planning and medicine.

Landscape Archaeology and GIS

Author: Henry Chapman

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 191

View: 2913

Landscape Archaeology and GIS examines the ways in which Geographical Information Systems can be used to explore archaeological landscapes, and summarizes the most appropriate methods to use. It is structured around principal themes in landscape archaeology, and integrates desk-based assessment, data collection, data modeling, and landscape analysis, right through to archiving and publication. This is the first book on GIS to focus specifically on landscape archaeology that is accessible to a wide archaeological readership. It explores the applications of GIS to a wide variety of archaeological evidence including maps, aerial photographs, and earthworks. The work is well-illustrated throughout with digital maps and models being used to support case studies, as well as for suggesting new hypotheses relevant to this discipline.

Research Methods for History

Author: Simon Gunn

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654046

Category: Reference

Page: 256

View: 6408

Providing a lively critical survey of methods for historical research at all levels, this textbook covers well-established sources and methods together with those that are less widely known. It reflects current theoretical and technical approaches to hist

Managing Archaeology

Author: John Carman,Malcolm Cooper,Anthony Firth,David Wheatley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134843534

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 753

Effective management is becoming increasingly important in all aspects of archaeology. Archaeologists must manage the artefacts thay deal with, their funding, ancient sites, as well as the practice of archaeology itself. Managing Archaeology is a collecton of outstanding papers from experts involved in these many areas. The contributors focus on the principles and practice of management in the 1990s, covering such crucial aeas as the management of contract and field archaeology, heritage management, marketing, law and information technology. The resulting volume is important and informative reading for archaeologists and heritage managers, as well as planners, policy makers and environmental consultants.

Computational Approaches to Archaeological Spaces

Author: Andrew Bevan,Mark Lake

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315431920

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 9143

This volume of original chapters written by experts in the field offers a snapshot of how historical built spaces, past cultural landscapes, and archaeological distributions are currently being explored through computational social science. It focuses on the continuing importance of spatial and spatio-temporal pattern recognition in the archaeological record, considers more wholly model-based approaches that fix ideas and build theory, and addresses those applications where situated human experience and perception are a core interest. Reflecting the changes in computational technology over the past decade, the authors bring in examples from historic and prehistoric sites in Europe, Asia, and the Americas to demonstrate the variety of applications available to the contemporary researcher.

Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe

Perception and Society During the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age

Author: Chris Scarre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134482191

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5131

Atlantic Europe is the zone par excellence of megalithic monuments, which encompass a wide range of earthen and stone constructions from inpressive stone circles to modest chambered tombs. A single basic concept lies behind this volume - that the intrinsic qualities encountered within the diverse landscapes pf Atlantic Europe both informed the settings chosen for the monuments and played a role in determining their form and visual appearance. Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe goes significantly beyond the limits of existing debate by inviting archaeologists from different countries with the Atlantic zone (including Britain, France, Ireland, Spain and Sweden) to examine the relationship between landscape features and prehistoric monuments in their specialist regions. By placing the issue within a broader regional and intellectual context, the authors illustrate the diversity of current archaeological ideas and approaches converging around this central theme.

Causes And Consequences Of Map Generalization

Author: Elsa Joao

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748407767

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 6458

This text describes late-1990s understanding of map generalisation in the context of paper maps and GIS. Its particular value should be in helping to further automate and measure the process of map generalisation.; The research has concentrated on quantifying generalisation effects and on analysing how these effects of generalisation locked into the maps were measured. Elsa Joao's book covers the background to the problems of map generlasation; the methodology developed by the author to investigate the consequences of the map generalisation; a detailed description of results, and a conclusion that draws together consequences for the broader applications to GIS.

Enter the Past

The E-way Into the Four Dimensions of Cultural Heritage : CAA 2003, Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology ; Proceedings of the 31st Conference, Vienna, Austria, April 2003

Author: Stadtarchäologie Wien

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports

ISBN: 9781841715926

Category: Archaeology

Page: 571

View: 9847

This volume presents the complete proceedings of the 31st Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology held in Vienna in 2003. Over 130 technical and specialised papers are divided into sixteen sections: archaeological processes; archaeological prospection; archaeometry; Computer Aided Design; computer applications in osteology; computerised methods for rescue archaeology; cultural heritage management; cultural heritage and the public; database applications; Geographical Information System; integrating scientific results in archaeological processes; internet applications; photogrammetry; statistic and quantitative methods; survey and Geographical Positioning Systems; virtual reality. The case studies are worldwide and cover all periods.

Computer applications and quantitative methods in archaeology, 1991

Author: Gary R. Lock,John Castleford

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: Social Science

Page: 225

View: 8518

The nineteenth consecutive conference, CAA91, held at the University of Oxford, 25-27th March 1991. More than thirty papers are presented here, organised into four major groups: databases, GIS, statistics, images and graphics. Contributors include: Nick Ryan, Michael Heyworth, Neil Lang, Steve Stead, John Castleford, Clive Ruggles, Clive Orton, and many others.

Industrial Archaeology


Author: Emory Leland Kemp

Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780894646492

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 5522

Industrial archaeology is a flourishing discipline which seeks to document America's rich industrial heritage through measured drawings, archival photographs, and contextual site histories. With increasing interest in historic industrial sites, a shortage exists of those capable of undertaking site documentation. Thus, the purpose of this book is to provide information for historians, archaeologists, architects, engineers, and other professionals. It is also intended for graduate courses and for professionals in public and private service wishing to gain a basic understanding of the discipline.