Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology

Author: James Conolly,Mark Lake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521793300

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 9713

Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

A European Perspective

Author: Gary R Lock,G Stancic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748402083

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 8077

Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.

Geographical Information Systems in Urban Archaeology and Urban Planning

A Case Study of a Modern Greek City, Built on Top of an Ancient City

Author: Helene Simoni

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Oxford Limited

ISBN: 9781407314778

Category: Social Science

Page: 77

View: 1523

The book focuses on the implications of discovering archaeological layers during construction works in modern cities for both urban archaeology and urban planning. The research methodology uses qualitative and quantitative data. Patras, Greece was selected as the case study. Archival research and existing unused data have contributed to the compilation of a database. G.I.S. and statistics are used to process it digitally, and to demonstrate the statistical relationship between data from urban planning and urban archaeology. This enables the prediction of the existence of antiquities and their depth by recording and processing data from five years of excavations, without considering the city's history.The procedure highlights the importance of a city's archaeology for its functioning and proposes the introduction of a new building regulation. This study can be used in the monitoring of construction and the investigation of the role of cultural heritage in the planning of the contemporary city.

E-Learning Methodologies and Computer Applications in Archaeology

Author: Politis, Dionysios

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599047614

Category: Education

Page: 490

View: 2173

Tools of data comparison and analysis are critical in the field of archaeology, and the integration of technological advancements such as geographic information systems, intelligent systems, and virtual reality reconstructions with the teaching of archaeology is crucial to the effective utilization of resources in the field. E-Learning Methodologies and Computer Applications in Archaeology presents innovative instructional approaches for archaeological e-learning based on networked technologies, providing researchers, scholars, and professionals a comprehensive global perspective on the resources, development, application, and implications of information communication technology in multimedia-based educational products and services in archaeology.

Spatial Technology and Archaeology

The Archaeological Applications of GIS

Author: David Wheatley,Mark Gillings

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466576618

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 269

View: 2501

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and related spatial technologies have a new and powerful role to play in archaeological interpretation. Beginning with a conceptual approach to the representation of space adopted by GIS, this book examines spatial databases; the acquisition and compilation of data; the analytical compilation of data; the analytical functionality of GIS; and the creation and utilization of critical foundation data layers such as the Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The ways in which GIS can most usefully facilitate archaeological analysis and interpretation are then explored particularly as a tool for the management of archaeological resources. Formal analysis of archaeological material, and the use of trend surface, contouring and interpolation procedures are considered along with predictive modeling analysis of visibility and intervisibility. Finally there is a discussion of leading-edge issues, including three-dimensional GIS, object-oriented GIS, the relationship between GIS and 'Virtual Reality' technologies, and the integration of GIS with distributed systems and the Internet. The approach is light, and technical detail is kept to a minimum, recognizing that most readers are simply interested in using GIS effectively. The text is carefully illustrated with worked case-studies using archaeological data. Spatial Technology and Archaeology provides a single reference source for archaeologists, students, professionals, and academics in archaeology as well as those in anthropology and related disciplines.

Managing Archaeology

Author: John Carman,Malcolm Cooper,Anthony Firth,David Wheatley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134843534

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 6396

Effective management is becoming increasingly important in all aspects of archaeology. Archaeologists must manage the artefacts thay deal with, their funding, ancient sites, as well as the practice of archaeology itself. Managing Archaeology is a collecton of outstanding papers from experts involved in these many areas. The contributors focus on the principles and practice of management in the 1990s, covering such crucial aeas as the management of contract and field archaeology, heritage management, marketing, law and information technology. The resulting volume is important and informative reading for archaeologists and heritage managers, as well as planners, policy makers and environmental consultants.

Research Methods for History

Author: Simon Gunn

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654046

Category: Reference

Page: 256

View: 1421

Providing a lively critical survey of methods for historical research at all levels, this textbook covers well-established sources and methods together with those that are less widely known. It reflects current theoretical and technical approaches to hist

Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe

Perception and Society During the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age

Author: Chris Scarre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134482191

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2360

Atlantic Europe is the zone par excellence of megalithic monuments, which encompass a wide range of earthen and stone constructions from inpressive stone circles to modest chambered tombs. A single basic concept lies behind this volume - that the intrinsic qualities encountered within the diverse landscapes pf Atlantic Europe both informed the settings chosen for the monuments and played a role in determining their form and visual appearance. Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe goes significantly beyond the limits of existing debate by inviting archaeologists from different countries with the Atlantic zone (including Britain, France, Ireland, Spain and Sweden) to examine the relationship between landscape features and prehistoric monuments in their specialist regions. By placing the issue within a broader regional and intellectual context, the authors illustrate the diversity of current archaeological ideas and approaches converging around this central theme.

Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Author: Christopher B. Jones

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 7978

A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.

Enter the Past

The E-way Into the Four Dimensions of Cultural Heritage : CAA 2003, Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology ; Proceedings of the 31st Conference, Vienna, Austria, April 2003

Author: Stadtarchäologie Wien

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports

ISBN: 9781841715926

Category: Archaeology

Page: 571

View: 4351

This volume presents the complete proceedings of the 31st Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology held in Vienna in 2003. Over 130 technical and specialised papers are divided into sixteen sections: archaeological processes; archaeological prospection; archaeometry; Computer Aided Design; computer applications in osteology; computerised methods for rescue archaeology; cultural heritage management; cultural heritage and the public; database applications; Geographical Information System; integrating scientific results in archaeological processes; internet applications; photogrammetry; statistic and quantitative methods; survey and Geographical Positioning Systems; virtual reality. The case studies are worldwide and cover all periods.

Time-Integrative Geographic Information Systems

Management and Analysis of Spatio-Temporal Data

Author: Thomas Ott,Frank Swiaczny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540410164

Category: Computers

Page: 234

View: 1936

CD-ROM contains: Examples and code from text.

GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling

Author: Mark W. Mehrer,Konnie L. Wescott

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203563352

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 4861

Although archaeologists are using GIS technology at an accelerating rate, publication of their work has not kept pace. A state-of-the-art exploration the subject, GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling pulls together discussions of theory and methodology, scale, data, quantitative methods, and cultural resource management and uses location models and case studies to illustrate these concepts. This book, written by a distinguished group of international authors, reassesses the practice of predictive modeling as it now exists and examines how it has become useful in new ways. A guide to spatial procedures used in archaeology, the book provides a comprehensive treatment of predictive modeling. It draws together theoretical models and case studies and explains how modeling may be applied to future projects. The book illustrates the various aspects of academic and practical applications of predictive modeling. It also discusses the need to assess the reliability of the results and the implications of reliability assessment on the further development of predictive models. Of the books available on GIS, some touch on archaeological applications but few cover the topic in such depth. Both up to date and containing case studies from a wide range of geographical locations including Europe, the USA, and Australia, this book sets a baseline for future developments.

Industrial Archaeology


Author: Emory Leland Kemp

Publisher: Krieger Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780894646492

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 6635

Industrial archaeology is a flourishing discipline which seeks to document America's rich industrial heritage through measured drawings, archival photographs, and contextual site histories. With increasing interest in historic industrial sites, a shortage exists of those capable of undertaking site documentation. Thus, the purpose of this book is to provide information for historians, archaeologists, architects, engineers, and other professionals. It is also intended for graduate courses and for professionals in public and private service wishing to gain a basic understanding of the discipline.

Re-Mapping Archaeology

Critical Perspectives, Alternative Mappings

Author: Mark Gillings,Piraye Hacıgüzeller,Gary Lock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351267701

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 1269

Maps have always been a fundamental tool in archaeological practice, and their prominence and variety have increased along with a growing range of digital technologies used to collect, visualise, query and analyse spatial data. However, unlike in other disciplines, the development of archaeological cartographical critique has been surprisingly slow; a missed opportunity given that archaeology, with its vast and multifaceted experience with space and maps, can significantly contribute to the field of critical mapping. Re-mapping Archaeology thinks through cartographic challenges in archaeology and critiques the existing mapping traditions used in the social sciences and humanities, especially since the 1990s. It provides a unique archaeological perspective on cartographic theory and innovatively pulls together a wide range of mapping practices applicable to archaeology and other disciplines. This volume will be suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for established researchers in archaeology, geography, anthropology, history, landscape studies, ethnology and sociology.

Computer applications and quantitative methods in archaeology, 1991

Author: Gary R. Lock,John Castleford

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: Social Science

Page: 225

View: 4624

The nineteenth consecutive conference, CAA91, held at the University of Oxford, 25-27th March 1991. More than thirty papers are presented here, organised into four major groups: databases, GIS, statistics, images and graphics. Contributors include: Nick Ryan, Michael Heyworth, Neil Lang, Steve Stead, John Castleford, Clive Ruggles, Clive Orton, and many others.

Geographical Information Systems and Landscape Archaeology

Author: Mark Gillings,D. J. Mattingly,Jan van Dalen

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 137

View: 7901

This monograph focuses on the use of GIS modelling as applied to the collection and interpretation of data relating to the archaeology of the Mediterranean landscape.

Innovations In GIS

Author: David Parker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748404582

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 9252

Derived from presentations made at the third annual UK National Conference on GIS Research, this work consists of contributions by leading experts in: geography, mathematics, computing science, surveying, archaeology, planning and medicine.