Geographic Information Systems

An Introduction

Author: Tor Bernhardsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471419686

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 6339

"If we are to solve many of the problems facing us-in the cities, in the wild areas of the earth, in the atmosphere, and the oceans-we shall need the help of skilled users of GIS technology. If readers can master what is in this volume, they will be well started on this enterprise." -From the Foreword by Jack Dangermond President of ESRI Praise for previous editions: "One of only a small number of texts devoted to the technology of GIS that are truly introductory in nature. . . . Very readable and of moderate length. Those who are real novices to GIS will find this one attractive." -Computers and Geosciences "Well-rendered and very clear line drawings . . . well written, with a well-balanced blend of technical/theoretical concepts and more applied facts of GIS." -Professional Geographer Geographic Information Systems provides a practical, theory-driven overview of GIS that is supported with clear coverage of basic techniques. This treatment enables readers to understand the broad aspects of GIS without focusing on a specific software or discipline, such as engineering or geography. New features of this Third Edition include: up-to-date information on standardization efforts aimed at facilitating the exchange of ideas and data; technical content that is up to date with current hardware, software, database design, and analytical techniques; and comprehensive cost/benefit guidelines for choosing and evaluating a GIS, including coverage of organizational and technical issues. Complete with extensive references and links to online resources, Geographic Information Systems, Third Edition, is an exceptional resource for students of GIS, planning, land use, natural resources, civil and environmental engineering, real estate, and wildlife biology.
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Profiting from a Geographic Information System

Author: Gilbert H. Castle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780962506376

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 615

In the near future geographic information system (GIS) technology will be as commonly used as spreadsheets in a wide range of businesses. Find out why this fundamental new technology holds such tremendous potential for improving productivity, credibility, and profitability. Thirty-seven writers ù leaders within their respective fields in GIS ù introduce GIS, present vertical industry applications, and evaluate critical data sources. Our writers, from the following private sector and academic institutions, conclude with near-term and long-term forecasts of promising GIS business opportunities. Arbys, Inc. Badillo Consulting BellSouth Telecommunications Castle Consulting Center for Governmental Research Inc. Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Compusearch Marketing & Data Systems Donnelley Marketing Informations Services Emery & Associates Ernst & Young Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) Geographic Data Technology, Inc. (GDT) Georgia Institute of Technology GTE Mobile Communications Intera Tydac Technologies Inc. Intergraph Corporation Juhl Communications Massachusetts Institute of Technology PlanGraphics, Inc. Rutgers University Savage GIS Consultant Strategic Mapping, Inc. Synercom Technology, Inc. Tactics International Limited UGC Consulting University of California at Berkeley University of Illinois University of Melbourne University of Ottawa University of Sheffield University of Warwick Verdi Ryan Associates
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Geographic Information Systems in Business

Author: Pick, James

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591404010

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 4956

This book contains state-of-the-art research studies on the concepts, theory, processes, and real world applications of geographical information systems (GIS) in business. Its chapters are authored by many of the leading experts in applying GIS and geospatial science to business. The book utilizes a wide variety of approaches and methodologies including conceptual theory development, research frameworks, quantitative and qualitative methods, case studies, systems design, DSS theory, and geospatial analysis combined with point-of-sale. Since relatively little research has been published on GIS in business, this book is pioneering and should be the principal compendium of the latest research in this area. The book impacts not only the underlying definitions, concepts, and theories of GIS in business and industry, but its practice as well.
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Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470721448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 8958

The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS
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Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

Author: Michael Goodchild,Max J. Egenhofer,Robin Fegeas,Cliff Kottman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792384366

Category: Computers

Page: 509

View: 9786

Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.
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Geographic Information Systems

Socioeconomic Applications

Author: David Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134800835

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 9226

This second edition of Geographic Information Systems builds on the strengths of the first, and incorporates important recent advances in GIS development and major new socioeconomic datasets including new census data. Martin presents an accessible introduction to the history, principles and techniques of GIS, with a unique focus on socioeconomic applications. This non-technical volume addresses the needs of students and professionals who must understand and use GIS for the first time.
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Time In Geographic Information Systems

Author: Gail Kucera

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748400591

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 180

View: 8629

A study into the consideration of the temporal dimension of computerized spatial data handling using GIS. The book describes the use of historical and time-variable data as explicit components of the modelling process.
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Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis

Author: Fahui Wang

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591404533

Category: Law

Page: 345

View: 5302

Computerized crime mapping or GIS in law enforcement agencies has experienced rapid growth, particularly since the mid 1990s. There has also been increasing interests in GIS analysis of crime from various academic fields including criminology, geography, urban planning, information science and others. This book features a diverse array of GIS applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process and inter-jurisdictional data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting juvenile violence. Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis showcases a broad range of methods and techniques from typical GIS tasks such as geocoding and hotspot analysis to advanced technologies such as geographic profiling, agent-based modeling and web GIS. Contributors range from university professors, criminologists in research institutes to police chiefs, GIS analysts in police departments and consultants in criminal justice.
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Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

A European Perspective

Author: Gary R Lock,G Stancic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748402083

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 7546

Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.
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Integrating Geographic Information Systems into Library Services: A Guide for Academic Libraries

A Guide for Academic Libraries

Author: Abresch, John

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599047287

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 1548

With the onslaught of emergent technology in academia, libraries are privy to many innovative techniques to recognize and classify geospatial data—above and beyond the traditional map librarianship. As librarians become more involved in the development and provision of GIS services and resources, they encounter both problems and solutions. Integrating Geographic Information Systems into Library Services: A Guide for Academic Libraries integrates traditional map librarianship and contemporary issues in digital librarianship within a framework of a global embedded information infrastructure, addressing technical, legal, and institutional factors such as collection development, reference and research services, and cataloging/metadata, as well as issues in accessibility and standards.
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Geographic Information Systems Applications in Transit

Author: N.A

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 0309070171

Category: Bus lines

Page: 60

View: 3109

This synthesis will be of interest to transit practitioners and researchers, including technical staff and transit managers, as well as to vendors of Geographic Information System (GIS) solutions. This report illustrates the value of GIS to transit agencies in service provision and in potential cost savings. The synthesis summarizes the experiences of a variety of transit agencies, with information provided from small- and medium-sized transit operators, as well as from large transit agencies. It documents current practices, effective applications, and challenges.
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Handbook on Geographic Information Systems and Digital Mapping

Author: United Nations. Statistical Division

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211614268

Category: Census

Page: 197

View: 5907

The rapid recent developments in digital mapping technology and the increasing demand for geo-referenced small area population data have been the main motivation for the present handbook. The Handbook provides guidance on how to ensure consistency and facilitate census operations; support data collection and help monitor census activities during enumeration; and facilitate presentation, analysis and dissemination of census results. Along with an overview of geographic information systems and digital mapping, the publication discusses cost-benefit analysis of an investment in digital cartography and geographical information systems (GIS); the use of GIS during census enumeration; and describes the role of GIS and digital mapping in the post-censal phase [from UN website].
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Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications

Author: Khan, Omar A.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591400769

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 7802

"This book presents a sampling of the many applications utilizing GIS in the field of health, including needs of less-developed countries in utilizing the concepts and technologies of mapping"--Provided by publisher.
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The History of Geographic Information Systems

Perspectives from the Pioneers

Author: Timothy W. Foresman

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 1856

To understand the power of Geographical Information Systems and Geographical Positioning Systems today, it is essential to understand their background and history, and the needs they were designed to answer .This is the first comprehensive history of GIS for both practitioners and students.From GPS systems that help you find your destination in a rented car, to satellite imaging for locating new petroleum reserves, GIS technology is changing the world. This book brings together for the first time the expert testimonies of the pioneers, key scientists and entrepreneurs who created the GIS field and made it what it is today. It covers both the raster and vector sides of GIS development. From remote sensing to PC-based systems; from Land Information Systems to defense applications, this is the definitive history of GIS.For all GIS and GPS professional practitioners, developers and students.
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Geographic information systems

developments and applications

Author: Les Worrall

Publisher: Jacaranda

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 251

View: 6366

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The Design and Implementation of Geographic Information Systems

Author: John E. Harmon,Steven J. Anderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471204886

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3515

Presents strategies for application development, interface design, and enabling Web-based access. * Includes numerous case studies and examples from the private and public sectors. * Provides information on integrating legacy MIS systems and planning for future developments in database design.
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Geographic Information Systems in Water Resources Engineering

Author: Lynn E. Johnson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420069143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 4873

State-of-the-art GIS spatial data management and analysis tools are revolutionizing the field of water resource engineering. Familiarity with these technologies is now a prerequisite for success in engineers’ and planners’ efforts to create a reliable infrastructure. GIS in Water Resource Engineering presents a review of the concepts and applications of GIS in the various sub-fields of water resource engineering. After a summary review of analyses and database functions, the book addresses concepts and applications in the following areas: Surface Water Hydrology Groundwater Hydrology Water Supply and Irrigation systems Wastewater and Stormwater Systems Floodplain Management Water Quality Water Resource Monitoring and Forecasting River Basin Planning and Management The book develops a general understanding of the nature of GIS and how it is used to create and analyze geographic data. The author first introduces primary field data collection methods and describes procedures for interpretation and analysis. The second portion of the book focuses on the linkage of GIS data with water resource analysis and management models. Applications are presented with descriptions of GIS database development, analysis background theory, and model integration with GIS. The profound impact of GIS systems on water resources engineering continues to grow. GIS in Water Resource Engineering arms engineers and planners with an arsenal of tools to assist in the creation of a reliable, environmentally sensitive, infrastructure.
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Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Agent-Based Modeling Techniques for Simulating Social and Ecological Processes

Author: H. Randy Gimblett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198032748

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 1973

This volume presents a set of coherent, cross-referenced perspectives on incorporating the spatial representation andanalytical power of GIS with agent-based modelling of evolutionary and non-linear processes and phenomena. Many recent advances in software algorithms for incorporating geographic data in modeling social and ecological behaviors, and successes in applying such algorithms, had not been adequately reported in the literature. This book seeks to serve as the standard guide to this broad area.
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Geographic Information Systems

Author: N.A

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727725783

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 50

View: 6805

Computer-based geographic information systems (GIS) have become a powerful new tool in the civil engineering industry for the organisation and analysis of spatial data. They are patricularly important now that survey data can be collected so quickly and accurately using the global positioning system (GPS). This special colour issue of ICE Proceedings contains a suite of seven refereed papers written by leading experts in the field. It provides a comprehensive introduction to GIS and GPS and reviews their practical applications in civil engineering, including major projects such as the Channel Tunnel Rail Link.
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