Geographic Information Systems for Transportation

Principles and Applications

Author: Harvey J. Miller,Shih-Lung Shaw,Associate Professor of Geography Shih-Lung Shaw

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195123944

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 4949

GIS data and tools are revolutionizing transportation research and decision making, allowing transportation analysts and professionals to understand and solve complex transportation problems that were previously impossible. Here, Miller and Shaw present a comprehensive discussion of fundamental geographic science and the applications of these principles using GIS and other software tools. By providing thorough and accessible discussions of transportation analysis within a GIS environment, this volume fills a critical niche in GIS-T and GIS literature.
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Geospatial Information Infrastructure for Transportation Organizations

Toward a Foundation for Improved Decision Making

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Multimodal Transportation Requirements for Spatial Information Infrastructure

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 0309094682

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: 70

View: 6924

"As a basis for advancing sound decision making, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) is committed to developing high-quality transportation data and information. With the understanding that geospatial data provide an important infrastructure for managing and integrating information necessary for informed decision making, BTS asked the Transportation Research Board to conduct a project to provide recommendations for improving geospatial information infrastructure among and across all modes of transportation. The objectives of this project were to (a) characterize the current practice in geospatial information technologies in transportation organizations; (b) identify problems and opportunities in coordination, communication, and cooperation on geospatial information among transportation modes; (c) suggest mechanisms for the development, management, and coordination of geospatial information technologies throughout USDOT; and (d) recommend approaches for enhancing geospatial information within transportation organizations. The intent is to provide recommendations to transportation agencies, primarily at the federal level but also at the state and local levels, to enhance decision making through rethinking institutional roles and responsibilities; building capacity and commitment; and augmenting the creation, sharing, and use of geospatial information."--Page viii.
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Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Second Edition

Author: Harvey J. Miller,Jiawei Han

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420073980

Category: Computers

Page: 486

View: 9018

The Definitive Volume on Cutting-Edge Exploratory Analysis of Massive Spatial and Spatiotemporal Databases Since the publication of the first edition of Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, new techniques for geographic data warehousing (GDW), spatial data mining, and geovisualization (GVis) have been developed. In addition, there has been a rise in the use of knowledge discovery techniques due to the increasing collection and storage of data on spatiotemporal processes and mobile objects. Incorporating these novel developments, this second edition reflects the current state of the art in the field. New to the Second Edition Updated material on geographic knowledge discovery (GKD), GDW research, map cubes, spatial dependency, spatial clustering methods, clustering techniques for trajectory data, the INGENS 2.0 software, and GVis techniques New chapter on data quality issues in GKD New chapter that presents a tree-based partition querying methodology for medoid computation in large spatial databases New chapter that discusses the use of geographically weighted regression as an exploratory technique New chapter that gives an integrated approach to multivariate analysis and geovisualization Five new chapters on knowledge discovery from spatiotemporal and mobile objects databases Geographic data mining and knowledge discovery is a promising young discipline with many challenging research problems. This book shows that this area represents an important direction in the development of a new generation of spatial analysis tools for data-rich environments. Exploring various problems and possible solutions, it will motivate researchers to develop new methods and applications in this emerging field.
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Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128047933

Category: Science

Page: 1474

View: 1066

Geographical Information Systems is a computer system used to capture, store, analyze and display information related to positions on the Earth’s surface. It has the ability to show multiple types of information on multiple geographical locations in a single map, enabling users to assess patterns and relationships between different information points, a crucial component for multiple aspects of modern life and industry. This 3-volumes reference provides an up-to date account of this growing discipline through in-depth reviews authored by leading experts in the field. Covers a rapidly expanding discipline, providing readers with a detailed overview of all aspects of geographic information systems, principles and applications Emphasizes the practical, socioeconomic applications of GIS Provides readers with a reliable, one-stop comprehensive guide, saving them time in searching for the information they need from different sources
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Geographic Information Systems in Fisheries Management and Planning

Technical Manual

Author: Gertjan de Graaf

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251049990

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 2190

This manual contains guidance on the use of geographical information systems (GIS) software in inland fisheries management and planning designed to foster the sustainable use of natural resources. It is aimed at fisheries biologists, aquatic resource managers and decision-makers in developing countries who have no knowledge about GIS, and will be useful for a broad range of fishery applications. It includes two CD-ROMs with spatial data for exercises.
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Thinking about GIS

Geographic Information System Planning for Managers

Author: Roger F. Tomlinson

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 1589481585

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 7859

Describes how to implement a successful geographic information system.
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Transportation

A Geographical Analysis

Author: William Richard Black

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572308480

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 6044

This comprehensive text provides an authoritative introduction to transportation geography. With a primary focus on the United States, the volume also examines problems and trends in Europe and other parts of the developed world. Students gain a solid grasp of the history, definitions, and core concepts of the field, as well as models for analyzing transportation networks and flows between regions. Environmental, economic, and social issues in transportation planning and policy are addressed, and the uses of geographic information systems in transport (GIS-T) are discussed in detail. Written in a clear, straightforward style, the volume emphasizes real-world applications of the concepts discussed and identifies promising directions for future research. No advanced mathematical knowledge on the part of the reader is assumed. Key Features No other comprehensive text covers transportation geography from a North American perspective. Black is experienced and respected for his innovation. Will interest public and regional planners as well as geographers. Covers all the basics, analytical methods, and policy implications.
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Geospatial Information Technology for Emergency Response

Author: Sisi Zlatanova,Jonathan Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1134100906

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 394

View: 5420

Disaster management is generally understood to consist of four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. While these phases are all important and interrelated, response and recovery are often considered to be the most critical in terms of saving lives. Response is the acute phase occurring after the event, and includes all arrangemen
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Spatial Decision Support Systems

Principles and Practices

Author: Ramanathan Sugumaran,John Degroote

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420062120

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 508

View: 9276

Although interest in Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) continues to grow rapidly in a wide range of disciplines, students, planners, managers, and the research community have lacked a book that covers the fundamentals of SDSS along with the advanced design concepts required for building SDSS. Filling this need, Spatial Decision Support Systems: Principles and Practices provides a comprehensive examination of the various aspects of SDSS evolution, components, architecture, and implementation. It integrates research from a variety of disciplines, including the geosciences, to supply a complete overview of SDSS technologies and their application from an interdisciplinary perspective. This groundbreaking reference provides thorough coverage of the roots of SDSS. It explains the core principles of SDSS, how to use them in various decision making contexts, and how to design and develop them using readily available enabling technologies and commercial tools. The book consists of four major parts, each addressing different topic areas in SDSS: Presents an introduction to SDSS and the evolution of SDSS Covers the essential and optional components of SDSS Focuses on the design and implementation of SDSS Reviews SDSS applications from various domains and disciplines—investigating current challenges and future directions The text includes numerous detailed case studies, example applications, and methods for tailoring SDSS to your work environment. It also integrates sample code segments throughout. Addressing the technical and organizational challenges that affect the success or failure of SDSS, the book concludes by considering future directions of this rapidly emerging field of study.
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The Geography of Transport Systems

Author: Claude Comtois,Brian Slack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134015089

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 4033

Covering methodologies linked with transport geography, and addressing networks, modes terminals, international and urban transportation, and environmental impacts, this key book provides a comprehensive introduction to this important field.
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GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling

Principles and Applications

Author: Alberto Pistocchi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118523709

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 5015

Explains how GIS enhances the development of chemical fateand transport models Over the past decade, researchers have discovered thatgeographic information systems (GIS) are not only excellent toolsfor managing and displaying maps, but also useful in the analysisof chemical fate and transport in the environment. Among its manybenefits, GIS facilitates the identification of critical factorsthat drive chemical fate and transport. Moreover, GIS makes iteasier to communicate and explain key model assumptions. Based on the author's firsthand experience in environmentalassessment, GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling explores bothGIS and chemical fate and transport modeling fundamentals, creatingan interface between the two domains. It then explains how GISanalytical functions enable scientists to develop simple, yetcomprehensive spatially explicit chemical fate and transport modelsthat support real-world applications. In addition, the bookfeatures: Practical examples of GIS based model calculations that serveas templates for the development of new applications Exercises enabling readers to create their own GIS basedmodels Accompanying website featuring downloadable datasets used inthe book's examples and exercises References to the literature, websites, data repositories, andonline reports to facilitate further research Coverage of important topics such as spatial decision supportsystems and multi-criteria analysis as well as ecological and humanhealth risk assessment in a spatial context GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling makes a uniquecontribution to the environmental sciences by explaining how GISanalytical functions enhance the development and interpretation ofchemical fate and transport models. Environmental scientists shouldturn to this book to gain a deeper understanding of the role of GISin describing what happens to chemicals when they are released intothe environment.
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Terrain Analysis

Principles and Applications

Author: John C. Gallant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471321880

Category: Science

Page: 479

View: 9987

The only reference on the use of GIS and related technologies in terrain analysis In this landmark publication, reflecting the collaborative effort of thirteen research groups based in four countries, leading experts detail how GIS and related technologies, such as GPS and remote sensing, are now being used, with the aid of computer modeling, in terrain analysis. Continuing the innovative work of Professor Ian Moore, a visionary who saw terrain analysis as a robust method for modeling the large areas and complex spatial patterns of environmental systems, Terrain Analysis puts into action TAPES, or Terrain Analysis Programs for Environmental Sciences, Dr. Moore′s innovative tool for terrain analysis. The book′s contributors describe how TAPES are applied to specific geomorphologic problems, explain the algorithms used in current terrain analysis software, and examine the interpretation and use of terrain attributes in predictive models. With expert coverage of terrain analysis in the digital age, Terrain Analysis will be welcomed by ecologists, environmental engineers, geographers, and hydrologists who increasingly depend on GIS, GPS, and remote sensing.
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GIS World

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: N.A

View: 694

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Transport and Information Systems

Author: Roger Stough

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Transportation

Page: 642

View: 3496

The subjects of transport and information systems have long been closely linked because they are both complements and substitutes for each other and thus offer potential for more efficient and productive traffic demand management. This important new collection examines the substitution and complementarity hypotheses as well as the impact of new information technology on transport and the increasing adoption of information technology in transportation systems.The volume is organised into five sections. Part I offers a history and overview of the subject, while part II examines the welfare implications of information provision for traffic demand management. Part III discusses the network analysis of intelligent transportation systems and part IV investigates the spatial impacts of information technology and telecommuting. Finally part V looks in detail at case studies.This fascinating new collection will be an essential source of reference to scholars, practitioners and students interested in the subjects of transport and information systems.
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