Genetics and Genomics in Medicine

Author: Tom Strachan,Judith Goodship,Patrick Chinnery

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317594304

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 4700

Genetics and Genomics in Medicine is a new textbook written for undergraduate students, graduate students, and medical researchers that explains the science behind the uses of genetics and genomics in medicine today. Rather than focusing narrowly on rare inherited and chromosomal disorders, it is a comprehensive and integrated account of how genetics and genomics affect the whole spectrum of human health and disease. DNA technologies are explained, with emphasis on the modern techniques that have revolutionized the use of genetic information in medicine and are indicating the role of genetics in common diseases. Epigenetics and non-coding RNA are covered in-depth as are genetic approaches to treatment and prevention, including pharmacogenomics, genetic testing, and personalized medicine. Cancers are essentially genetic diseases and are given a dedicated chapter that includes new insights into its molecular basis and approaches to its detection gained from cancer genomics. Specific topics, including multiple examples of clinical disorders, molecular mechanisms, and technological advances, are profiled in boxes throughout the text.
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Genetics and Genomics in Medicine

Author: Tom Strachan,Judith Goodship,Patrick Chinnery

Publisher: Garland Pub

ISBN: 9780815344803

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 7871

"Genetics and Genomics in Medicine is a new textbook written for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as medical researchers, which explains the science behind the uses of genetics and genomics in medicine today. It is not just about rare inherited and chromosomal disorders, but how genetics affects the whole spectrum of human health and disease. DNA technologies are explained, with emphasis on the modern techniques that have revolutionized the use of genetic information in medicine and are indicating the role of genetics in common complex diseases. The detailed, integrative coverage of genetic approaches to treatment and prevention includes pharmacogenomics and the prospects for personalized medicine. Cancers are essentially genetic diseases andare given a dedicated chapter that includes new insights from cancer genome sequencing. Clinical disorders are covered throughout and there are extensive end-of-chapter questions and problems"--Provided by publisher.
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Genomic Medicine

Principles and Practice

Author: Dhavendra Kumar,Charis Eng

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 019989602X

Category: Medical

Page: 814

View: 4935

Preceded by Genomics and clinical medicine / edited by Dhavendra Kumar. [First edition]. 2008.
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Medical and Health Genomics

Author: Dhavendra Kumar,Stylianos Antonarakis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0127999221

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 9938

Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems
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Psychiatric Genetics and Genomics

Author: Peter McGuffin,Michael J Owen,Irving I Gottesman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198564867

Category: Medical

Page: 492

View: 8335

Genetics promises to provide one of the most powerful approaches to understanding the functional pathology of the human brain. This book starts with a brief introduction to the relevant molecular and cellular biology and then moves on to cover the evidence for a genetic contribution to normal and abnormal development and to abnormal behaviour in adult life. The final section covers counselling, ethics and takes a look to the future.
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Cancer Genetics and Genomics for Personalized Medicine

Author: Il-Jin Kim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315341107

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 8765

This book covers almost all fields of cancer genetics and genomics for personalized medicine. Targeted therapy, or precision medicine, or personalized medicine is becoming a standard treatment for many diseases, including cancer. However, how much do we know about the personalized medicine approach? This lucid book helps undergraduate and graduate students, professional researchers, and clinicians to better understand the key concept of personalized medicine. The most up-to-date topics on personalized medicine in this book cover the recent trends in and updates on lung, gastric, liver, breast, and other types of cancers. Circulating tumor cell, cell-free circulating DNA, and microRNAs are discussed as new diagnostic and prognostic markers for cancer. The avatar mouse model is also discussed for maximizing treatment efficacy and prognosis prediction, and so is microenvironment as a drug resistance mechanism. With classical and new pathological approaches, the book provides a systemic overview of personalized immunotherapies and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, followed by new emerging fields of hereditary cancer, thereby equipping readers to eventually contribute in developing more advanced tools and therapies for curing cancer.
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Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123822289

Category: Science

Page: 1350

View: 1510

Genomic and Personalized Medicine, Second Edition — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — is a major discussion of the structure, history, and applications of the field, as it emerges from the campus and lab into clinical action. As with the first edition, leading experts review the development of the new science, the current opportunities for genome-based analysis in healthcare, and the potential of genomic medicine in future healthcare. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, disease susceptability, and pharmacogenomics makes this work an ideal companion for the many stakeholders of genomic and personalized medicine. With advancing knowledge of the genome across and outside protein-coding regions of DNA, new comprehension of genomic variation and frequencies across populations, the elucidation of advanced strategic approaches to genomic study, and above all in the elaboration of next-generation sequencing, genomic medicine has begun to achieve the much-vaunted transformative health outcomes of the Human Genome Project, almost a decade after its official completion in April 2003. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine More than 100 chapters, from leading researchers, review the many impacts of genomic discoveries in clinical action, including 63 chapters new to this edition Discusses state-of-the-art genome technologies, including population screening, novel diagnostics, and gene-based therapeutics Wide and inclusive discussion encompasses the formidable ethical, legal, regulatory and social challenges related to the evolving practice of genomic medicine Clearly and beautifully illustrated with 280 color figures, and many thousands of references for further reading and deeper analysis
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The Busy Physician’s Guide To Genetics, Genomics and Personalized Medicine

Author: Kevin M. Sweet,Ron C. Michaelis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400711471

Category: Medical

Page: 211

View: 9554

In the coming decade, the focus of medicine will shift from a disease-oriented approach, where the physician prescribes according to the disease the patient has, to a personalized approach, in which the physician first considers the patient’s individual biochemistry before prescribing a treatment. Personalized medicine has the potential to improve efficacy and safety in virtually all fields of medicine. Unfortunately, few physicians feel confident in their ability to apply the principles of genetics and genomics upon which personalized medicine is based to their practice. This book is intended to help the practicing physician understand and apply the principles of genetic and genomic medicine, regardless of his/her level of background in the field. It provides a thorough foundation/review of classical genetic principles, with an emphasis on how these principles apply to personalized medicine and common complex diseases. In addition, it provides a wide-ranging review of the inroads that personalized medicine has made into several fields, including cancer, psychiatric disorders, cardiovascular disease, substance abuse, Alzheimer disease, respiratory diseases, type 2 diabetes and macular degeneration. Most importantly, this book is intended to enable the practicing physician, physician assistants and their entire healthcare team to anticipate the developments that will emerge in the near future, and stay current with the field as it expands.
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Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Author: Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080958118

Category: Science

Page: 850

View: 7440

Derived from the comprehensive two-volume set, Genomic and Personalized Medicine also edited by Drs. Willard and Ginsburg, this work serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners and students that are embracing one of the most promising avenues for advances in diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. From principles, methodology and translational approaches to genome discoveries and clinical applications, Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine will be a valuable resource for various professionals and students across medical disciplines, including human genetics and genomics, oncology, neuroscience, gene therapy, molecular medicine, pharmacology, and biomedical sciences. Updates with regard to diagnostic testing, pharmacogenetics, predicting disease susceptibility, and other important research components as well as chapters dedicated to cardiovascular disease, oncology, inflammatory disease, metabolic disease, neuropsychiatric disease, and infectious disease, present this book as an essential tool for a variety of professionals and students who are endeavouring into the developing the diverse and practical field of genomic and personalized medicine. * Full color throughout * Includes contributions on genetic counselling, ethical, legal/regulatory, and social issues related to the practice of genomic medicine from leaders in the field * Introductory chapter highlights differences between personalized and traditional medicine, promising areas of current research, and challenges to incorporate the latest research discoveries and practice * Ancillary material includes case studies and lab questions which highlight the collaborative approach to the science
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Genomics and Clinical Medicine

Author: Dhavendra Kumar,David Weatherall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199720057

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 7126

An important milestone in medicine has been the recent completion of the Human Genome Project. The identification of 30,000 genes and their regulatory proteins provides the framework for understanding the metabolic basis of disease. This advance has also laid the foundation for a broad range of genomic tools that have opened the way for targeted genetic testing in a number of medical disorders. This book is designed to be the first major text to discuss genomics-based advances in disease susceptibility, diagnosis, prognostication,and prediction of treatment outcomes in various areas of medicine. After building a strong underpinning in the basic concepts of genomics, the authors of this book, all leaders in the field, proceed to discuss a wide range of clinical areas and the applications now afforded by genomic analysis.
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Genomics and Personalized Medicine

What Everyone Needs to Know?

Author: Michael Snyder

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190234784

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 8237

In 2001 the Human Genome Project succeeded in mapping the DNA of humans. This landmark accomplishment launched the field of genomics, the integrated study of all the genes in the human body and the related biomedical interventions that can be tailored to benefit a person's health. Today genomics, part of a larger movement toward personalized medicine, is poised to revolutionize health care. By cross-referencing an individual's genetic sequence -- their genome -- against known elements of "Big Data," elements of genomics are already being incorporated on a widespread basis, including prenatal disease screening and targeted cancer treatments. With more innovations soon to arrive at the bedside, the promise of the genomics revolution is limitless. This entry in the What Everyone Needs to Know series offers an authoritative resource on the prospects and realities of genomics and personalized medicine. As this science continues to alter traditional medical paradigms, consumers are faced with additional options and more complicated decisions regarding their health care. This book provides the essential information everyone needs.
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Genomics and Health in the Developing World

Author: Dhavendra Kumar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195374754

Category: Medical

Page: 1501

View: 9117

This book is designed to be the first major text to discuss advances in medical genetics in the developing world.
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Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies

Genomics for Every Nation

Author: George Patrinos,Catalina Lopez-Correa

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128115513

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 6111

Genomic Medicine in Resource-limited Countries: Genomics for Every Nation provides in-depth analysis and key examples of the implementation of medical genomics in low-income nations across the globe, demonstrating how this advancing medical science has not only transformed health systems, but also led to improved patient care in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, among others. In addition to defining tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways at the population-wide level for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers, this book offers a case-study based approach that helps users understand how genomic medicine is used in disease-management. Examines essential concepts and protocols, and economic, social and legal considerations related to the implementation of genomic medicine in resource-limited nations Features concrete success stories of the implementation of medical genomics in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, amongst others Provides tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers to apply in their own work Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be accessed by nations with limited means and financial support for healthcare
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Oxford Desk Reference: Clinical Genetics and Genomics

Author: Helen V. Firth,Jane A. Hurst

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192519824

Category: Medical

Page: 824

View: 6138

A popular and easy-to-use guide, this book is a must-have tool for clinical consultations in genetics and genomic medicine. Ideal for quick reference during practice, it covers the process of diagnosis, investigation, management, and counselling for patients. With a strong evidence base and international guidelines, it puts reliable and trustworthy guidance at your fingertips. Designed for use as a first-line guide, the A to Z format ensures it's accessible, and the simple layout makes it easy to assimilate information. Highly illustrated, the book also contains up-to-date glossaries of terms used in genetics and dysmorphology providing quick reference for key concepts. The second edition is an eagerly anticipated update of the gold standard in the specialty. It covers new developments in the field, particularly the advent of genome-wide sequencing and major updates in cancer. Fifteen new topics have been added, including Sudden cardiac death, Neonatal screening, and Ciliopathies. The authors have used their experience to devise a practical clinical approach to many common genetic referrals, both outpatient and ward based. The most common Mendelian disorders, chromosomal disorders, congenital anomalies and syndromes are all covered, and where available diagnostic criteria are included. In addition there are chapters on familial cancer and pregnancy-related topics such as fetal anomalies, teratogens, prenatal and pre-implantation diagnosis and non-invasive prenatal testing. The book also provides information on the less common situations where management is particularly complex. Both practical and pertinent, Oxford Desk Reference: Clinical Genetics and Genomics is the companion you need by your side during clinical consultations.
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Human Genetics and Genomics

Author: Bruce R. Korf,Mira B. Irons

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118537661

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 7067

This fourth edition of the best-selling textbook, Human Genetics and Genomics, clearly explains the key principles needed by medical and health sciences students, from the basis of molecular genetics, to clinical applications used in the treatment of both rare and common conditions. A newly expanded Part 1, Basic Principles of Human Genetics, focuses on introducing the reader to key concepts such as Mendelian principles, DNA replication and gene expression. Part 2, Genetics and Genomics in Medical Practice, uses case scenarios to help you engage with current genetic practice. Now featuring full-color diagrams, Human Genetics and Genomics has been rigorously updated to reflect today’s genetics teaching, and includes updated discussion of genetic risk assessment, “single gene” disorders and therapeutics. Key learning features include: Clinical snapshots to help relate science to practice ‘Hot topics’ boxes that focus on the latest developments in testing, assessment and treatment ‘Ethical issues’ boxes to prompt further thought and discussion on the implications of genetic developments ‘Sources of information’ boxes to assist with the practicalities of clinical research and information provision Self-assessment review questions in each chapter Accompanied by the Wiley E-Text digital edition (included in the price of the book), Human Genetics and Genomics is also fully supported by a suite of online resources at www.korfgenetics.com, including: Factsheets on 100 genetic disorders, ideal for study and exam preparation Interactive Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with feedback on all answers Links to online resources for further study Figures from the book available as PowerPoint slides, ideal for teaching purposes The perfect companion to the genetics component of both problem-based learning and integrated medical courses, Human Genetics and Genomics presents the ideal balance between the bio-molecular basis of genetics and clinical cases, and provides an invaluable overview for anyone wishing to engage with this fast-moving discipline.
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Translational Cardiometabolic Genomic Medicine

Author: Annabelle Rodriguez-Oquendo

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128004746

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 6554

Translational Cardiometabolic Genomic Medicine, edited by Dr. Annabelle Rodriguez-Oquendo, is an important resource to postgraduate (medical, dental and graduate) students, postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists, and physician scientists seeking to understand and expand their knowledge base in the field of genomic medicine as it is applied to cardiometabolic diseases. This handbook integrates cutting-edge experimental approaches such as chromatin immunoprecipitation paired end tagging (CHIA-PET), to population studies such as the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. It encompasses a range of book chapters that highlight bioinformatic approaches to better understanding functionality of the noncoding regions of the human genome to the use of molecular diagnostic testing in predicting increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Where applicable, this reference also includes chapters related to therapeutic options specifically aligned to molecular targets. Provides comprehensive research on translational genomic medicine Explains state-of-the-art genome editing for stem cells and mouse models with significant relevance to human cardiometabolic disease Includes discussions on the functional effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms and cardiometabolic diseases, stratified by sex and race Encompasses a range of book chapters that highlight bioinformatic approaches to better understanding functionality of the noncoding regions of the human genome
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Genomic and Precision Medicine

Foundations, Translation, and Implementation

Author: Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128006560

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 3989

Genomic and Precision Medicine: Translation and Implementation highlights the various points along the continuum from health to disease where genomic information is impacting clinical decision-making and leading to more personalization of health care. The book pinpoints the challenges, barriers, and solutions that have been, or are being, brought forward to enable translation of genome based technologies into health care. A variety of infrastructure (data systems and EMRs), policy (regulatory, reimbursement, privacy), and research (comparative effectiveness research, learning health system approaches) strategies are also discussed. Readers will find this volume to be an invaluable resource for the translational genomics and implementation science that is required to fully realize personalized health care. Provides a comprehensive volume on the translation and implementation of biology into health care provision Presents succinct commentary and key learning points that will assist readers with their local needs for translation and implementation Includes an up-to-date overview on major ‘translational events’ in genomic and personalized medicine, along with lessons learned
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Genetics and Genomics in Nursing

Guidelines for Conducting a Risk Assessment

Author: Dr. Quannetta T Edwards, PhD, FNP-BC, WHNP-BC, FAANP,Dr. Ann Maradiegue, PhD, MSN, FNP-BC, FAANP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826145620

Category: Medical

Page: 220

View: 1112

Delivers complex information in an easy-to-read, step-by-step format The genomic era encompasses the entire spectrum of DNA -- all of the genes, and the interaction and inter-relationship of genes (genome) to the environment. Rapidly changing research has led to numerous advances in genetic testing, diagnosis, and treatments, and it is essential that APRNs be able to integrate genetic risk assessment into clinical care. This quick reference delivers complex information in an easy-to-read, step-by-step format with bitesize info boxes and bulleted information to provide the tools necessary to understand genetics/genomics and identify "red flags" that can appear in patient assessments. In an age of personalized and precision medicine, genetic risk assessment has never been more important. Genetics and Genomics in Nursing begins with an overview of genetics and the science behind inheritance. Chapters then break down the processes that make up risk assessment, and walk the reader through data collection and review, identification and calculation of risk, and patient communication. Finally, the last section of this text discusses special populations and key facts nurses need to know about their risk assessment. Key Features: Provides a clear introduction to a complex topic Describes important elements of the genomic risk assessment process for use in clinical settings when evaluating patients Illustrates how to develop a three-generation pedigree Applies commonly-used standardized pedigree symbols and familial patterns to aid in risk interpretation Discusses the challenges and limitations of pedigree interpretation Explains common concepts and includes helpful genomic resources Incorporates genomic risk assessment into patient evaluation
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Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine

Author: Vasilios Fragoulakis,Christina Mitropoulou,Marc Williams,George P. Patrinos

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128016116

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 9638

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine introduces health economics and economic evaluation to genomic clinicians and researchers, while also introducing the topic to health economists. Each chapter includes an executive summary, questions, and case studies, along with supplementary online materials, including process guides, maps, flow charts, diagrams, and economic evaluation spreadsheets to enhance the learning process. The text can easily be used as course material for related graduate and undergraduate courses, providing a succinct overview of the existing, state-of-the-art application of economic evaluation to genomic healthcare and precision medicine. Interrelates economic evaluation and genomic medicine Instructs healthcare professionals and bioscientists about economic evaluation in genomic medicine Teaches health economists about application of economic evaluation in genomic medicine Introduces health economics and economic evaluation to clinicians and researchers involved in genomics Includes process guides, maps, flow charts and diagrams
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