Gender and Work in Transition

Globalization in Western, Middle and Eastern Europe

Author: Regina Becker-Schmidt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3322949524

Category: Social Science

Page: 291

View: 3053

Das englischsprachige Buch untersucht die Lebensverhältnisse erwerbstätiger Frauen unter den Bedingungen ökonomischer, politscher und kultureller Transformation.

Couples' Transitions to Parenthood

Analysing Gender and Work in Europe

Author: Daniela Grunow,Marie Evertsson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785366009

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6652

It is common for European couples living fairly egalitarian lives to adopt a traditional division of labour at the transition to parenthood. Based on in-depth interviews with 334 parents-to-be in eight European countries, this book explores the implications of family policies and gender culture from the perspective of couples who are expecting their first child. Couples’ Transitions to Parenthood: Analysing Gender and Work in Europe is the first comparative, qualitative study that explicitly locates couples’ parenting ideals and plans in the wider context of national institutions.

Global Women's Work

Perspectives on Gender and Work in the Global Economy

Author: Beth English,Mary E. Frederickson,Olga Sanmiguel-Valderrama

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138036598


Page: 424

View: 7584

This volume considers how women are shaping the global economic landscape through labour, activism, and multiple discourses about work. Bringing together an interdisciplinary group of international scholars, the book offers a gendered examination of work in the global economy and analyses the effects of the 2008 downturn on women¿s labour force participation and workplace activism. The book addresses three key themes: exploitation versus opportunity; women¿s agency within the context of changing economic options; and women¿s negotiations and re-negotiations of unpaid social reproductive labour. This uniquely interdisciplinary and comparative analysis will be crucial reading for anyone with an interest in gender and the post-crisis world.

Gender and Employment in Rural China

Author: Jing Song

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317425960

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 6926

With China’s rapid advancements in urbanization and industrialization, there has been significant labor movement away from agriculture in the rural regions. Using four village case studies, Song examines how this restructuring process affects the rural population. Much of her research is centered on their various perceptions and reactions towards the market reforms. How are their lives reshaped through the employment transition? Along with the changes of family life and the diversification of development models, how do an individual’s gender and background play a role in determining employment? These are the broad questions that Song addresses through detailed analysis of four different villages, in light of China’s move towards decentralization of its rural economy.

Gender, Education and Employment

An International Comparison of School-to-Work Transitions

Author: Hans-Peter Blossfeld,Jan Skopek,Moris Triventi,Sandra Buchholz

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784715034


Page: 416

View: 6461

For much of the twentieth century, women lagged considerably behind men in their educational attainment. However, in recent decades, young women have become an important source of human capital for labor markets in modern societies, as well as potential competitors to the male workforce. This book asks whether or not women have been able to convert their educational success into gains on the labor market. The expert contributors address the topic on a comparative level with discussions centred on gendered school-to-work transitions and gendered labor market outcomes. Thereafter they analyze the country-specific implications of the gender redress from a wide range of countries including the USA, Russia and Australia. This enlightening book will appeal to graduates and postgraduates studying social policy, education, the labor market, inequality and gender. It will also be of interest to experts in the fields of sociology, education, political science and economics and those interested in educational research.

Gender And Work In Today's World

A Reader

Author: Nancy Sacks,Catherine Marrone

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780786729845

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 1944

Nancy Sacks and Catherine Marrone have collected the classic and current readings that reflect the changing realities of gender and work in modern society. Promoting gender equality through balanced analysis of the sexes, Gender and Work in Today's World: A Reader explores the experiences of both men and women in the work force. The editors present a well-balanced blend of academic articles on gender and work topics and provide students with brief but pedagogically useful introductions to each section in the text. Special sections include: gender-non-traditional jobs (i.e. men as nurses and women in the police force), non-traditional work structures (i.e. part-time, temporary, and odd-hour work), work over the life course, and sexual harassment.

Women and Transition

Reinventing Work and Life

Author: Linda Rossetti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137476559

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 184

View: 7000

In a recent study, ninety percent of women stated that they 'expect to transition' within the next five years. Rather than be frustrated, Rosetti argues that with thought and some elbow grease, transition is not only healthy but rewarding. Women and Transition is a step-by-step how-to guide that every woman can learn from.

Gender And Work In Capitalist Economies

Author: Odih, Pam

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335216722

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 2786

Odih explores the sociological aspects of work, time and gender. The trend towards the regulation and commodification of work and leisure time is examined along with other links between work, culture, identity and time.

Indian Culture and Work Organisations in Transition

Author: Ashish Malik,Vijay Pereira

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317232011

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 8323

This book analyses key theoretical influences on Indian culture in a business context. It shows the interactions between indigenous culture and workplace ethics which is increasingly being populated by multinational corporations. It discusses how the Indian workplace has evolved over time as well as retained some managerial practices dating back to the classical traditions of ancient India. It further demonstrates the changes brought about by globalisation, especially through information technology and business process outsourcing industries. This volume will be useful to the scholars and researchers of business and management studies, cultural studies, Asian studies as well as human resource (HR) professionals.

Women and Employment

Changing Lives and New Challenges

Author: Jacqueline L. Scott,Shirley Dex,Heather Joshi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442939

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 6739

An informative and important volume. Johanna Kumlin, European Sociological Review This collection further contributes to our awareness of the complicated intersection of work and family life for women and men and to a few of the socio-economic factors which serve as impediments to its synchronization. It is well written, carefully researched, and rather detailed in its analysis. Susan Cody, Sex Roles This excellent collection deserves to be read, and from cover to cover. . . all the contributions focus on the UK situation over the past 25 years, although some offer comparative exemplars and analysis. This national focus makes this collection an essential resource for those working in the UK (and Europe). But, the general empirical excellence of the collection, as well as the theoretical insights generated in some of the chapters, make this an essential collection for anyone interested in gender and work. Lesley Patterson, Gender in Management: An International Journal There cannot be a richer collection than this on the topic of women, their employment conditions and how they balance home and work life. . . a valuable resource that can be returned to for hard statistics and proven solutions you can use in your own policy creation. Equality and Diversity This collection will be an invaluable resource for anyone concerned with changes in women s employment over the last twenty-five years. Authoritative and up to date, it is simultaneously wide-ranging and focused, analytical and policy oriented. The editors have brought together the knowledge of many renowned experts to reflect on labour market developments and gendered employment. Attention to transitions across the life course is a particularly welcome feature of the book, as is the linking of employment studies with family research. Miriam Glucksmann, University of Essex, UK How is women s employment shaped by family and domestic responsibilities? This book, written by leading experts in the field, examines twenty-five years of change in women s employment and addresses the challenges facing women today. The authors offer an innovative analysis of how global changes including new migration processes, educational expansion, transnational labour markets, technological advances and the global economy affect women s labour market experiences. They tackle issues relevant for future change, including gender inequalities and ethnic diversities, and confront contentious questions such as what is meant by work life balance. The book provides new empirical research that both advances our understanding of the challenges posed by women s employment in our changing society and draws out the policy lessons that could improve economic and social wellbeing. Providing dynamic analysis of employment family inter relationships, Women and Employment will be of great relevance to social scientists and academics interested in employment and family as well as policymakers concerned with changing women s employment.

Making the Transition Work for Women in Europe and Central Asia

Author: Marnia Lazreg

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821346624

Category: Social Science

Page: 113

View: 4182

Women in the Europe and Central Asia region complain about loss of employment, sexual harassment, violence, poor enforcement of the law, poor political representation, and poor health care. Many greet these complaints with skepticism or dismissal. Is it economic expedience due to the sheer magnitude of the changes taking place under the transition? Did the Soviet legacy delude observers into believing that there is gender equality in the region? While budgets shrink, how can gender be integrated into country department work programs? To answer these and other pressing questions regarding the gender issue, the World Bank held a conference in June 1999. Women from the ECA region, Western Europe and the United States gathered to address the lack of Bank knowledge of gender issues in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia Region. The papers from the conference included in this volume describe the present conditions for women, emphasize the need to debunk the myth of gender equality in the Soviet era, and propose urgent legislative measures to address gender disparity. This publication gives women the opportunity to voice their concerns regarding this issue. It will be of interest to regional gender experts, ministries, and think tanks.

Azeri Women in Transition

Women in Soviet and Post-Soviet Azerbaijan

Author: Farideh Heyat

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780700716623

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6608

This study of women and gender in a Muslim society draws on archival and literary sources as well as the life stories of women of different generations to offer a unique ethnographic and historical account of the lives of urban women in contemporary Azerbaijan. Focussing on a group of professional women in Baku, it provides insight into the impact of the Soviet system on the position of Azeri women, their conceptions of femininity and the significant changes brought about by the post-Soviet transition to a market economy and growing western influence. Also explored are the ways in which local cultural expectations and Islamic beliefs were accommodated to different modernisation projects.

Women and Work in Indonesia

Author: Michele Ford,Lyn Parker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134142358

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 1158

This book examines the meaning of work for women in contemporary Indonesia. It takes a broad definition of work in order to interrogate assumptions about work and economic activity, focusing on what women themselves see as their work, which includes not only paid employment, home life and child care, but also activities surrounding ritual, healing and religious life. It analyses the key issues, including the contrasts between ‘new’ and ‘old’ forms of work, the relationship between experiences of migration and work, and the ways in which religion – especially Islam - shapes perceptions and practice of work. It discusses women’s work in a range of different settings, both rural and urban, and in different locations, covering Sumatra, Bali, Lombok, Java, Sulawesi and Kalimantan. A wide range of types of employment are considered: agricultural labour, industrial work and new forms of work in the tertiary sector such as media and tourism, demonstrating how capitalism, globalization and local culture together produce gendered patterns of work with particular statuses and identities. It address the question of the meaning and valuing of women’s ‘traditional’ work, be it agricultural labour, domestic work or other kinds of reproductive labour, challenging assumptions of women as ‘only’ mothers and housewives, and demonstrating how women can negotiate new definitions of ‘housewife’ by mobilizing kinship and village relations to transcend conventional categories such as wage labour and the domestic sphere. Overall, this book is an important study of the meaning of work for women in Indonesia.

Women in Politics and Media

Perspectives from Nations in Transition

Author: Maria Raicheva-Stover,Elza Ibroscheva

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1628921064

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 9518

Although women constitute half of the world's population, their participation in the political sphere remains problematic. While existing research on women politicians from the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada sheds light on the challenges and opportunities they face, we still have a very limited understanding of women's political participation in emerging democracies. Women in Politics and Media: Perspectives From Nations in Transition is the first collection to de-Westernize the scholarship on women, politics and media by: 1) highlighting the latest research on countries and regions that have not been 'the usual suspects'; 2) featuring a diverse group of scholars, many of non-Western origin; 3) giving voice through personal interviews to politically active women, thus providing the reader with a rare insight into women's agency in the political structures of emerging democracies. Each chapter examines the complex women, politics and media dynamic in a particular nation-state, taking into consideration the specific political, historic and social context. With 23 case studies and interviews from Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Russia and the former Soviet republics, this volume will be of interest to students, media scholars and policy makers from developed and emerging democracies.

Climate Change and Gender in Rich Countries

Work, Public Policy and Action

Author: Marjorie Griffin Cohen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315407892

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 9835

Climate change is at the forefront of ideas about public policy, the economy and labour issues. However, the gendered dimensions of climate change and the public policy issues associated with it in wealthy nations are much less understood. Climate Change and Gender in Rich Countries covers a wide range of issues dealing with work and working life. The book demonstrates the gendered distinctions in both experiences of climate change and the ways that public policy deals with it. The book draws on case studies from the UK, Sweden, Australia, Canada, Spain and the US to address key issues such as: how gendered distinctions affect the most vulnerable; paid and unpaid work; and activism on climate change. It is argued that including gender as part of the analysis will lead to more equitable and stronger societies as solutions to climate change advance. This volume will be of great relevance to students, scholars, trade unionists and international organisations with an interest in climate change, gender, public policy and environmental studies.

Work in Transition

Cultural Capital and Highly Skilled Migrants' Passages into the Labour Market

Author: Arnd-Michael Nohl,Karin Schittenhelm,Oliver Schmidtke,Anja Weiss

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442668741

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 5034

Despite the fact that many countries target highly skilled migrants for recruitment in the global labour market, few of those migrants are able to take full advantage of their educational and professional qualifications in their new homes. Work in Transition examines this paradox, using extended narrative interviews that focus on the role that cultural capital plays in the labour market. Comparing the migrant experience in Germany, Canada, and Turkey, Work in Transition shows how migrants develop their cultural capital in order to enter the workforce, as well as how failure to leverage that capital can lead to permanent exclusion from professional positions. Exposing the mechanisms that drive inclusion and exclusion for migrants from a transatlantic comparative perspective, this book provides a unique analytical approach to an increasingly important global issue.

Sex in Transition

Remaking Gender and Race in South Africa

Author: Amanda Lock Swarr

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438444087

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 4505

Sex in Transition explores the lives of those who undermine the man/woman binary, exposing the gendered contradictions of apartheid and the transition to democracy in South Africa. In this context, gender liminality—a way to describe spaces between common conceptions of “man” and “woman”—is expressed by South Africans who identify as transgender, transsexual, transvestite, intersex, lesbian, gay, and/or eschew these categories altogether. This book is the first academic exploration of challenges to the man/woman binary on the African continent and brings together gender, queer, and postcolonial studies to question the stability of sex. It examines issues including why transsexuals’ sex transitions were encouraged under apartheid and illegal during the political transition to democracy and how butch lesbians and drag queens in urban townships reshape race and gender. Sex in Transition challenges the dominance of theoretical frameworks based in the global North, drawing on fifteen years of research in South Africa to define the parameters of a new transnational transgender and sexuality studies.

Contingent Work

American Employment Relations in Transition

Author: Kathleen Barker,Kathleen Christensen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801484056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 9450

The successful 1997 strike by the Teamsters against UPS, and the overwhelming support the American public gave the strikers highlighted the impact of contingent work—an umbrella term for a variety of tenuous and insecure employment arrangements such as temping, independent contracting, employee leasing, and some self-employment and part-time or part-year work. This new book contends that contingent work represents a profound deviation from the employment relations model that dominated most of this century's labor relations. It delineates essential features of contingent work from both the worker's and the organization's point of view. Articulating a variety of perspectives from various disciplines, the contributors examine the business forces driving contingent work and assess the consequences of working contingently for the individual, family, and community, taking into account issues of race, class, and gender. They ask how current labor and employment laws need to be rewritten to provide contingent workers with the same comprehensive protections offered to permanent employees. In the final chapter, the editors comment on the status of research on contingent work and chart future research directions.

Gender in Transition

Discourse and Practice in German-speaking Europe, 1750-1830

Author: Ulrike Gleixner,Marion W. Gray

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472069439

Category: History

Page: 391

View: 2196

The late Enlightenment saw an acute transformation of gender definitions in the German cultural areas of Europe, leading to a “polarization” of the sexes. Where early modern cultural norms had once affirmed a multitude of differences within society, modernity was founded on an ideal of equality which, although embraced as universal, in practice applied only to white male citizens. The new dichotomies of gender, socioeconomic status, and race created by this disparity between rhetoric and practice held tremendous social implications for all Germans. Law and science inscribed a new set of morals with gendered virtues and social spheres. Masculinity and femininity came to be understood as opposites based in nature. The transformed gender system fueled an epochal social reordering. Gender in Transition recounts the innumerable ways in which this drama played out in German-speaking Europe during the transitional period between 1750 and 1830. A cast of accomplished scholars examine the effect of gender in numerous realms of German life, including law, urban politics, marriage, religion, literature, natural science, fashion, and personal relationships. “Gender in Transition highlights the key role played by developments in German-speaking areas to the creation of the ‘modern’ gender system. It presents the stimulating research of scholars on both sides of the Atlantic, some of whose work has not been widely available in English, and demonstrates the interconnectedness of material and cultural transformations.” —Merry Wiesner-Hanks, author of Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe "This volume fills a long-standing gap in gender history of the 18th and early 19th century in German-speaking Europe. Its interdisciplinary perspectives shed new light on the discourses and practices of gender in a period in which many of the pillars of German ‘modernity’ were formed—states, civil society, and public sphere. This book will quickly find its place on reading lists for courses in both gender history and history of German-speaking Europe for both the early modern and modern periods." —Kathleen Canning, Professor of History, University of Michigan Ulrike Gleixner is Privatdozentin, Department of History, Technical University Berlin. Marion W. Gray is Professor and Chair, Department of History, WesternMichigan University.

Transitions from Education to Work

New Perspectives from Europe and Beyond

Author: R. Brooks

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230235409

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 4993

Bringing together contributions from international scholars, this book explores the changing nature of young people's transitions and challenges assumptions about pathways from education into employment in contemporary society.