Gender and Work in Transition

Globalization in Western, Middle and Eastern Europe

Author: Regina Becker-Schmidt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3322949524

Category: Social Science

Page: 291

View: 8249

Das englischsprachige Buch untersucht die Lebensverhältnisse erwerbstätiger Frauen unter den Bedingungen ökonomischer, politscher und kultureller Transformation.

Making the Transition Work for Women in Europe and Central Asia

Author: Marnia Lazreg

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821346624

Category: Social Science

Page: 113

View: 9483

Women in the Europe and Central Asia region complain about loss of employment, sexual harassment, violence, poor enforcement of the law, poor political representation, and poor health care. Many greet these complaints with skepticism or dismissal. Is it economic expedience due to the sheer magnitude of the changes taking place under the transition? Did the Soviet legacy delude observers into believing that there is gender equality in the region? While budgets shrink, how can gender be integrated into country department work programs? To answer these and other pressing questions regarding the gender issue, the World Bank held a conference in June 1999. Women from the ECA region, Western Europe and the United States gathered to address the lack of Bank knowledge of gender issues in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia Region. The papers from the conference included in this volume describe the present conditions for women, emphasize the need to debunk the myth of gender equality in the Soviet era, and propose urgent legislative measures to address gender disparity. This publication gives women the opportunity to voice their concerns regarding this issue. It will be of interest to regional gender experts, ministries, and think tanks.

Couples' Transitions to Parenthood

Analysing Gender and Work in Europe

Author: Daniela Grunow,Marie Evertsson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785366009

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9274

It is common for European couples living fairly egalitarian lives to adopt a traditional division of labour at the transition to parenthood. Based on in-depth interviews with 334 parents-to-be in eight European countries, this book explores the implications of family policies and gender culture from the perspective of couples who are expecting their first child. Couples’ Transitions to Parenthood: Analysing Gender and Work in Europe is the first comparative, qualitative study that explicitly locates couples’ parenting ideals and plans in the wider context of national institutions.

Work, Employment and Transition

Author: Al Rainnie,Adrian Smith,Adam Swain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134534973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 9576

Since the late 1980s the experiences of work and employment in the former communist world have been profoundly transformed. Work, Employment and Transition brings together a series of essays by leading international scholars which highlights the varied and complex forms that work and employment restructuring are taking in the post-soviet world, and makes important theoretical contributions to our understanding of these transformations.

Gender And Work In Capitalist Economies

Author: Odih, Pam

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335216722

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 2925

Odih explores the sociological aspects of work, time and gender. The trend towards the regulation and commodification of work and leisure time is examined along with other links between work, culture, identity and time.

Gender and Citizenship in Transition

Author: Barbara Hobson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415926867

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 1603

In Gender and Citizenship in Transition, Barbara Hobson has collected a group of essays that focus on the shifting definition and importance of citizenship. Specifically, the authors, writing from a wide range of backgrounds and perspectives, examine the impact of traditional citizenship upon gender, gender equality, and feminist theorizing. The essays of the volume speak to the great complexity of these issues by confronting the meaning of gender difference in varied social contexts. The result is a unique and comprehensive re-examination and recombination of two of the burgeoning areas of academia: citizenship and feminism.

Gender and Sexual Identities in Transition

International Perspectives

Author: José Santaemilia,Patricia Bou

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443810142

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 250

View: 326

The aim of this volume is to offer an international panorama of gendered and sexualised experiences, with new and original data collected from a variety of cultural settings and sociopolitical contexts. We look at many parts of the world (Japan, Sweden, Poland, Cyprus, Spain, US, Australia, Canada, Hungary) with different assumptions and expectations, often revealing various research practices and traditions. Gendered or sexualized discourses are unstable constructions, in permanent transition, in a perpetual struggle to gain social legitimacy and to counter the workings of opposite discourses. They constitute privileged vantage points from which one can observe and judge power relationships. New identities are created and reproduced, refused and challenged. This volume explores, among other issues, the perpetuation of hegemonic masculinity in Evangelical universities; the pharmaceutical industry’s promotion of biometaphors involving a shopping strategy which revolves around compulsory heterosexuality; the perpetuation of Greek-Cypriot men’s sexual superiority over women; the Catholic Church's attempt to impose a restrictive view of religion and of sexual ethics; the consolidation of American TV shopping channels as a setting where middle-class femininity and consumption are linked stereotypically; the negotiation of gender- and sex-related norms in groups of British Bangladeshi girls. Even heterosexuality, as the unmarked form of sexual identity and the primary site for the reproduction of gender difference, needs to reassert its normative and prescriptive status, maybe through the silent workings of tradition. By suggesting the concept of transition, we resist seeing the idea of identity as a fixed and definitive category. Gender and sexual identities are never at rest. One is never finished developing into a woman or a man, or any other gender/sexual identity. Contributors include: Joan Pujolar, Andrea Simon-Maeda, Allyson Jule, Stina Ericsson, Agnieszka Kiełkiewicz-Janowiak, Joanna Pawelczyk, Nóra Schleicher, Elli Doukanari, Pilar Garcés-Conejos, Lidia Tanaka, José Santaemilia and Pia Pichler.

Achsen der Ungleichheit

Zum Verhältnis von Klasse, Geschlecht und Ethnizität

Author: Cornelia Klinger,Gudrun-Axeli Knapp,Birgit Sauer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593403978

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 7891

Gesellschaftliche Ungleichheit wurde lange Zeit vor allem anhand von »Klasse« thematisiert. Inzwischen hat sich der Fokus um andere Konfliktlinien erweitert. In diesem Band werden die unterschiedlichen Relationen von Ungleichheit in den Dimensionen von Klasse, Geschlecht und Ethnizität bestimmt und in einen gesellschaftstheoretischen Horizont gestellt. Mit Beiträgen von Brigitte Aulenbacher, Regina Becker-Schmidt, Mechthild Bereswill, Hans- Jürgen Bieling, Wolfgang Gabbert, Christoph Görg, Sabine Hark, Lars Kohlmorgen, Helga Krüger, Sybille Küster, Helma Lutz, Shalini Randeria, Markus Schroer und Thomas Schwinn.

Bildungserfahrungen an Montessorischulen

Empirische Studie zu Schulqualität und Lernerfahrungen

Author: Sylva Liebenwein,Heiner Barz,Dirk Randoll

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353119089X

Category: Education

Page: 270

View: 7026

Selbsttätiges Lernen und die Annahme eines 'inneren Bauplans' der Kinder sind zentrale Ideen der Montessoripädagogik. Die Aufgaben des Lehrers werden vor allem in der Vorbereitung der Lernumgebung und einer Lern-Begleitung gesehen. Im Rahmen dieser Studie wurden erstmals Schülerinnen und Schülern und deren Eltern Fragen zur Bewertung des Unterrichts und des Schulklimas vorgelegt. In Form von intensiven Interviews und mit über 600 Fragebögen ist eine empirische Datenlage entstanden, die es in den Debatten um Reformpädagogik bisher nicht gab. Der Band dokumentiert zentrale Ergebnisse und beschreibt eine empirisch-wissenschaftliche Basis für die weitere Diskussion der Vor- und Nachteile der Montesorischulen und deren Konzept.

Lost in Transition

Youth, Work, and Instability in Postindustrial Japan

Author: Mary C. Brinton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492527

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9841

Lost in Transition tells the story of the 'lost generation' that came of age in Japan's deep economic recession in the 1990s. The book argues that Japan is in the midst of profound changes that have had an especially strong impact on the young generation. The country's renowned 'permanent employment system' has unraveled for young workers, only to be replaced by temporary and insecure forms of employment. The much-admired system of moving young people smoothly from school to work has frayed. The book argues that these changes in the very fabric of Japanese postwar institutions have loosened young people's attachment to school as the launching pad into the world of work and loosened their attachment to the workplace as a source of identity and security. The implications for the future of Japanese society - and the fault lines within it - loom large.

Women and Work in Pre-industrial England

Author: Lindsey Charles,Lorna Duffin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136248382

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1785

This book surveys women and work in English society before its transition to industrial capitalism in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The time span of the book from 1300 to 1800 allows comparison of women’s work patterns across various phases of economic and social organisation. It was originally published in 1985. Several important themes are highlighted throughout the individual contributions in the book. The most significant is the association between home and work. Not only was trade and manufacture in the pre-industrial period carried out in close proximity to domestic life, many household activities also overlapped with commercial ones. The second key theme is the importance of the local social and economic environment in shaping the nature and extent of women’s work. The book also demonstrates the similarity between certain aspects of women’s work before and after industrialisation. The industrial revolution may have made sexual divisions of labour more apparent but their origins lie firmly in the pre-industrial period.

Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market

Gender and Employment Behaviour

Author: Sarah Ashwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134271980

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 9729

Economic reform in post-Soviet Russia created not only a devastating decline in living standards, but also widespread insecurity and uncertainty. This book is the first to analyse the situation from a gendered perspective, shedding new light on the way in which Russians are coping with the transformation of the labour market. The book examines gender differences in responses to economic reform, and considers the implications of these for the labour market outcomes and wider well-being of men and women during transition. Based on original research carried out by an experienced team of sociologists, the book analyses the journeys of 240 men and women through the turbulent Russian labour market of 1999-2001. It includes chapters on: *the way gender norms inherited from the Soviet era have influenced responses to transition *sex segregation and discrimination in the labour market *gender differences in work orientations and behaviour *who benefits from networks *which life events are most likely to initiate downward economic trajectories.

Gender Regimes in Transition in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Gillian Pascall,Anna Kwak

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781861346254

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 224

View: 2217

Understanding of welfare states has been much enriched by comparative work on welfare regimes and gender. This book uses these debates to illuminate the changing gender regimes in countries of Central and Eastern Europe. It has particular significance as countries in the region make the transition from communism and into a European Union that has issues of women's employment, work-life balance, and gender equality at the heart of its social policy. The analysis draws on quantitative comparative data, and on rich qualitative data from a new study of mothers in Polish households, illuminating the effects of changing welfare and gender relations from the perspective of those most directly affected - mothers of young children. This book is an important addition to the literature and is recommended to academics and students interested in the study of gender relations, welfare states, and international and comparative European social policy.

Age, Gender, and Work

Small Information Technology Firms in the New Economy

Author: Julie Ann McMullin

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774819731

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 680

In the new knowledge-based economy, information technology is a major field of employment. However, the fast pace of technological innovation, globalization, and the volatile stock market have made IT an increasingly risky business for some employees more than for others. This volume examines how women and older workers in small IT companies are disproportionately vulnerable to economic uncertainty within their industry. Drawing on original survey and interview data, the authors explore how gender and age affect work and workplace culture to produce a fresh contribution to the literature on inequality.

Gender and the Life Course

Author: Alice S. Rossi

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202366234

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 569

Gender and the Life Course is an interdisciplinary collection of essays on the lives of women and men as they are affected by history, culture, demography, economic and political stratification, and the biopsychological processes that attend maturation and aging. The book covers three major topics. Part I, which examines gender and the life course in broad historical perspective, includes a summary of recent work in biological ecology and primatology, and an analysis of the persistence of cultural and gender differences in role organization in societies undergoing the transition from agrarianism to industrialism. Other essays trace the changes in sources of household income of industrial workers over the life span, and review temporal and gender differences in life span transitions. Part II examines gender differentiation in a variety of contexts: psychological, psychobiologi-cal, and sociological. Alice Rossi's ASA Presidential Address reviews recent work on fathering and mothering, and argues that sociological explanations of such gender differences need supplementation by concepts from evolutionary theory and the neurosciences. Three essays deal with gender and economy: one shows how gender stratification took hold in the early stages of industrialization in France, another demonstrates the persistence of gender stratification in modern economies, the third focuses on ideology in relation to gender and political power. Part III examines various aspects of the aged in contemporary society, including an argument for an jnterpretive social science that uses diverse methods to improve our ability to describe and interpret many facets of the lives of elderly men and women; a review of the methodology used to study changes in the aged population over time; and an overview of existing data sets that permit further cohort and longitudinal analyses of the aged. The final essays review social policies as they affect the elderly, with particular attention to the fact that most very old people are women, and the impact of the greatly expanded life course for family and kin relations. "Gender and the Life Course "is a state-of-the-art assessment of the best work currently being done' on gender and age a's maturational factors and is essential reading for anyone interested in adult development and gender roles.

Gender in Transition

Discourse and Practice in German-speaking Europe, 1750-1830

Author: Ulrike Gleixner,Marion W. Gray

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472069439

Category: History

Page: 391

View: 7002

The late Enlightenment saw an acute transformation of gender definitions in the German cultural areas of Europe, leading to a “polarization” of the sexes. Where early modern cultural norms had once affirmed a multitude of differences within society, modernity was founded on an ideal of equality which, although embraced as universal, in practice applied only to white male citizens. The new dichotomies of gender, socioeconomic status, and race created by this disparity between rhetoric and practice held tremendous social implications for all Germans. Law and science inscribed a new set of morals with gendered virtues and social spheres. Masculinity and femininity came to be understood as opposites based in nature. The transformed gender system fueled an epochal social reordering. Gender in Transition recounts the innumerable ways in which this drama played out in German-speaking Europe during the transitional period between 1750 and 1830. A cast of accomplished scholars examine the effect of gender in numerous realms of German life, including law, urban politics, marriage, religion, literature, natural science, fashion, and personal relationships. “Gender in Transition highlights the key role played by developments in German-speaking areas to the creation of the ‘modern’ gender system. It presents the stimulating research of scholars on both sides of the Atlantic, some of whose work has not been widely available in English, and demonstrates the interconnectedness of material and cultural transformations.” —Merry Wiesner-Hanks, author of Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe "This volume fills a long-standing gap in gender history of the 18th and early 19th century in German-speaking Europe. Its interdisciplinary perspectives shed new light on the discourses and practices of gender in a period in which many of the pillars of German ‘modernity’ were formed—states, civil society, and public sphere. This book will quickly find its place on reading lists for courses in both gender history and history of German-speaking Europe for both the early modern and modern periods." —Kathleen Canning, Professor of History, University of Michigan Ulrike Gleixner is Privatdozentin, Department of History, Technical University Berlin. Marion W. Gray is Professor and Chair, Department of History, WesternMichigan University.

Families in Transition

Author: Nancy B. Leidenfrost

Publisher: N.A


Category: Families

Page: 245

View: 903


Young Working-Class Men in Transition

Author: Steven Roberts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315441268

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2492

Young Working Class Men in Transition uses a unique blend of concepts from the sociologies of youth and masculinity combined with Bourdieusian social theory to investigate British young working-class men’s transition to adulthood. Indeed, utilising data from biographical interviews as well as an ethnographic observation of social media activity, this volume provides novel insights by following young men across a seven-year time period. Against the grain of prominent popular discourses that position young working-class men as in ‘crisis’ or as adhering to negative forms of traditional masculinity, this book consequently documents subtle yet positive shifts in the performance of masculinity among this generation. Underpinned by a commitment to a much more expansive array of emotionality than has previously been revealed in such studies, young men are shown to be engaged in school, open to so called ‘women’s work’ in the service sector, and committed to relatively egalitarian divisions of labour in the family home. Despite this, class inequalities inflect their transition to adulthood with the ‘toxicity’ neoliberalism - rather than toxic masculinity - being core to this reality. Problematising how working-class masculinity is often represented, Young Working Class Men in Transition both demonstrates and challenges the portrayal of working class masculinity as a repository of homophobia, sexism and anti-feminine acting. It will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as youth studies, masculinity studies, gender studies, sociology of education and sociology of work.