Gender and International Migration in Europe

Employment, Welfare and Politics

Author: Eleonore Kofman,Annie Phizacklea,Parvati Raghuram,Rosemary Sales

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113470528X

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3196

Gender and International Migration in Europe is a unique work which introduces a gender dimension into theories of contemporary migrations. As the European Union seeks to extend equal opportunities, increasingly restrictionist immigration policies and the persistence of racism, deny autonomy and choice to migrant women. This work demonstrates how processes of globalisation and change in state policies on employment and welfare have maintained a demand for diverse forms of gendered immigration. The authors examine state and European Union policies of immigration control, family reunion, refugees and the management of immigrant and ethnic minority communities. Most importantly this work considers the opportunities created for political activity by migrant women and the extent to which they are able to influence and participate in mainstream policy-making. This volume will be essential reading for anyone involved in or interested in modern European immigration policy.

Gender and Migration in 21st Century Europe

Author: Samantha Currie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131713060X

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 7881

Providing interdisciplinary and empirically grounded insights into the issues surrounding gender and migration into and within Europe, this work presents a comprehensive and critical overview of the historical, legal, policy and cultural framework underpinning different types of European migration. Analysing the impact of migration on women's careers, the impact of migration on family life and gender perspectives on forced migration, the authors also examine the consequences of EU enlargement for women's migration opportunities and practices, as well as the impact of new regulatory mechanisms at EU level in addressing issues of forced migration and cross-national family breakdown. Recent interdisciplinary research also offers a new insight into the issue of skilled migration and the gendering of previously male-dominated sectors of the labour market.

Gender and Migration in Southern Europe

Women on the Move

Author: Floya Anthias,Gabriella Lazaridis

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859732311

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2693

The important role women play in the process of migration to the Western bloc -- and in particular to Southern Europe where they often find jobs in the domestic service, tourist or sex industries -- has been increasingly recognized. This timely book provides essential new insights into the forms of migration and the impact of gender relations on the migration and accommodation process, and also raises general conceptual issues about ways of understanding migration in a global context. At a time when all the member states of the European Union have called for a reduction in immigration in response to its steady growth, the urgency of the topic is apparent. Contributors examine the possible legal, social and economic problems that increased immigration may produce, including: female migration and its relation to changing gender relations in the country of migration; different forms of exclusion faced by male and female migrants; working conditions and status; migrant networks; and women's role in reproducing and maintaining ethnic culture. This book will be essential reading for courses in migration, nationalism, Mediterranean and area studies, gender studies and a range of social science courses. It will also be of use to policy makers and those interested in European developments.

Gender and International Migration

Author: Katharine M. Donato,Donna Gabaccia

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610448472

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 1320

In 2006, the United Nations reported on the “feminization” of migration, noting that the number of female migrants had doubled over the last five decades. Likewise, global awareness of issues like human trafficking and the exploitation of immigrant domestic workers has increased attention to the gender makeup of migrants. But are women really more likely to migrate today than they were in earlier times? In Gender and International Migration, sociologist and demographer Katharine Donato and historian Donna Gabaccia evaluate the historical evidence to show that women have been a significant part of migration flows for centuries. The first scholarly analysis of gender and migration over the centuries, Gender and International Migration demonstrates that variation in the gender composition of migration reflect not only the movements of women relative to men, but larger shifts in immigration policies and gender relations in the changing global economy. While most research has focused on women migrants after 1960, Donato and Gabaccia begin their analysis with the fifteenth century, when European colonization and the transatlantic slave trade led to large-scale forced migration, including the transport of prisoners and indentured servants to the Americas and Australia from Africa and Europe. Contrary to the popular conception that most of these migrants were male, the authors show that a significant portion were women. The gender composition of migrants was driven by regional labor markets and local beliefs of the sending countries. For example, while coastal ports of western Africa traded mostly male slaves to Europeans, most slaves exiting east Africa for the Middle East were women due to this region’s demand for female reproductive labor. Donato and Gabaccia show how the changing immigration policies of receiving countries affect the gender composition of global migration. Nineteenth-century immigration restrictions based on race, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act in the United States, limited male labor migration. But as these policies were replaced by regulated migration based on categories such as employment and marriage, the balance of men and women became more equal – both in large immigrant-receiving nations such as the United States, Canada, and Israel, and in nations with small immigrant populations such as South Africa, the Philippines, and Argentina. The gender composition of today’s migrants reflects a much stronger demand for female labor than in the past. The authors conclude that gender imbalance in migration is most likely to occur when coercive systems of labor recruitment exist, whether in the slave trade of the early modern era or in recent guest-worker programs. Using methods and insights from history, gender studies, demography, and other social sciences, Gender and International Migration shows that feminization is better characterized as a gradual and ongoing shift toward gender balance in migrant populations worldwide. This groundbreaking demographic and historical analysis provides an important foundation for future migration research.

2004 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development

Women and International Migration

Author: United Nations. Division for the Advancement of Women

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211302356

Category: Social Science

Page: 87

View: 8361

About 90 million women currently reside outside their country of origin, representing half the world's international migrants. This survey gives a gender perspective on migration, focusing on the increasing trend for the international migration of women, including voluntary migrants who migrate on their own or to join or accompany family members, as well as those forced to flee from conflict, persecution, environmental degradation, natural disasters and other situations that affect their habitat, livelihood and security. Topics discussed include: gender perspectives on the causes and consequences of migration; poverty reduction and sustainable development; family and labour migration; refugees and displaced persons; human trafficking and smuggling for prostitution and forced labour; health issues and HIV/AIDS; gender roles and integration of migration women.

Gender and International Relations

Author: Jill Steans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745670121

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4089

The third edition of Jill Steans’ popular and highly respected text offers a comprehensive and up to date introduction to gender in international relations today. Its nine chapters have been fully revised and expanded to cover key issues, developments and debates in the field including: the state and citizenship gender, sexuality and human rights conflict, peace and security narratives and representational practices in international politics global political economy development and gender in global governance Guiding students competently through complex theoretical and conceptual issues, the book is careful to ground its discussions in contemporary concerns, such as the War on Terror and its legacy, the ‘securitisation’ of human rights, the Arab Spring, the global financial crisis, contemporary challenges to global institutions, and ethical dilemmas that arise in negotiating gender issues and politics in a culturally diverse world. Each chapter features questions for reflection, seminar activities, further reading and web links to highlight key points and provide contemporary illustrations. A glossary of key terms is also included for easy reference. Gender and International Relations will be essential reading for students and scholars of gender, international relations, global politics and related courses.

Gender, Migration and Domestic Service

The Politics of Black Women in Italy

Author: Jacqueline Andall

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

ISBN: 9780754610885

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 7877

Exploring the experiences of black women in Italy from the 1970s to the 1990s, this book shows that while the employment of migrants as live-in domestic workers led to forms of social marginalization, it paradoxically allowed Italian women to express new social identities within and outside the family.

Migration, Familie und soziale Lage

Beiträge zu Bildung, Gender und Care

Author: Thomas Geisen,Tobias Studer,Erol Yildiz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531941275

Category: Social Science

Page: 331

View: 2149

Das Thema „Migration und Familie" findet seit einigen Jahren verstärkt Beachtung. Dies geschieht meist im Zusammenhang mit der Thematisierung von Problemen und Defiziten, insbesondere in den Bereichen Bildung und Erziehung, sowie in Bezug auf das Geschlechterverhältnis. In anderer Weise erfolgt diese Thematisierung im Care-Bereich: Während einerseits Familien bei der Betreuung und Pflege von Angehörigen zunehmend auf die Arbeit von Migrant/innen angewiesen sind, wird anderseits gerade diese Konstellation zur Belastungen für die Familien der Migrant/innen. Die Beiträge des Bandes greifen die Vielfalt und Widersprüchlichkeit familialer Praxen im Kontext von Migration auf und liefern differenzierte Analysen zu aktuellen Fragen von Bildung, Gender und Care.

Gender and Migration

Author: Katie Willis,Brenda S. A. Yeoh

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub


Category: Social Science

Page: 535

View: 6841

Includes statistics.

Gender, Migration, and the Public Sphere, 1850–2005

Author: Marlou Schrover,Eileen Yeo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113523549X

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 3316

The decision to emigrate has historically held differing promises and costs for women and for men. Exploring theories of difference in labor market participation, network formation and the immigrant organising process, on belonging and diaspora, and a theory of ‘vulnerability,’ A Global History of Gender and Migration looks critically at two centuries of the migration experience from the perspectives of women and men separately and together. Uniquely investigating the subject globally over time, this book incorporates the history of migration in areas as far-flung as Yemen, Sudan, the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Poland, the Soviet Union, the US, and the UK, an approach that allows for patterns to emerge over time. A Global History of Gender and Migration further shows that although there are various points on which migrant men and women differ, and several theories exist to explain these differences, this comprehensive guide offers a unifying thesis on the theories and practice of migration, adding to our insight into the mechanisms underlying the creation of differences between migrant men and women.

Gender, Family, and Adaptation of Migrants in Europe

A Life Course Perspective

Author: Ionela Vlase,Bogdan Voicu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319766570

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 9780

This volume documents the life uncertainties revealed by migrants’ biographies. For international migrants, life journeys are less conventional or patterned, while their family, work, and educational trajectories are simultaneously more fragmented and intermingled. The authors discuss the challenges faced by migrants and returnees when trying to make sense of their life courses after years of experience in other countries with different age norms and cultural values. The book also examines the ways to reconcile competing cultural expectations of both origin and destination societies regarding the timing of transitions between roles to provide a meaningful account of their life courses. Migration is, itself, a major life event, with profound implications for the pursuit of migrants’ life goals, organization of family life, and personal networks, and it can affect, to a considerable degree, their subjective well-being. Chapter 9 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via

Key Concepts in Migration

Author: David Bartram,Maritsa Poros,Pierre Monforte

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 147390546X

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 6550

"This very useful and authoritative compendium explicates thirty-eight concepts central to analysis of international migration. It is accessible to undergraduate students and even can enrich graduate courses. It nicely complements books like The Age of Migration or Exceptional People. Concision is a virtue!" - Mark J. Miller, University of Delaware "An essential introduction to migration that is international in scope and rigorous in its attention to the scholars, nuances and debates in the field." - Maggie O'Neill, Durham University "Demonstrates that the study of international migration has really come of age. From acculturation to undocumented immigration, the authors consider more than three dozen concepts at the heart of migration studies. Clearly written in a highly readable style, the book is a valuable resource for students and scholars alike." - Nancy Foner, City University of New York This book provides lucid and intuitive explanations of the most important migration concepts as used in classrooms, among policymakers, and in popular and academic discourse. Arguing that there is a clear need for a better public understanding of migration, it sets out to clarify the field by exploring relevant concepts in a direct and engaging way. Each concept: Includes an easy to understand definition Provides real-world examples Gives suggestions for further reading Is carefully cross-referenced to other related concepts It is an ideal resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students studying migration in sociology, politics, development and throughout the social sciences, as well as scholars in the field and practitioners in governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century

Author: K. Khory

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137007125

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 8546

Immigration today evokes passionate debates over questions of national identity, state sovereignty, and citizenship. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for individuals, states, and societies grappling with questions of identity, belonging, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.

Wife Or Worker?

Asian Women and Migration

Author: Nicola Piper,Mina Roces

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742523784

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 219

View: 826

This volume challenges the perception of Asian women as either mail-order brides or overseas workers. There are a wide range of case studies, all showing the multiplicity of roles women maintain, and emphasizing the point that marriage, work and migration are inextricably linked.

Gender, Generations and the Family in International Migration

Author: Albert Kraler,Eleonore Kofman,Martin Kohli,Camille Schmoll

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089642854

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 7090

"Family-related migration is moving to the centre of political debates on migration, integration and multiculturalism in Europe. It is also more and more leading to lively academic interest in the family dimensions of international migration. At the same time, strands of research on family migrations and migrant families remain separate from--and sometimes ignorant of--each other. This volume seeks to bridge the disciplinary divides. Fifteen chapters come up with a number of common themes. Collectively, the authors address the need to better understand the diversity of family-related migration and its resulting family forms and practices, to question, if not counter, simplistic assumptions about migrant families in public discourses, to study family migration from a mix of disciplinary perspectives at various levels and via different methodological approaches and to acknowledge the state's role in shaping family-related migration, practices and lives"--Rear cover.

Global Woman

Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy

Author: Barbara Ehrenreich,Arlie Russell Hochschild

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 1429963050

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9183

In a remarkable pairing, two renowned social critics offer a groundbreaking anthology that examines the unexplored consequences of globalization on the lives of women worldwide Women are moving around the globe as never before. But for every female executive racking up frequent flier miles, there are multitudes of women whose journeys go unnoticed. Each year, millions leave Mexico, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and other third world countries to work in the homes, nurseries, and brothels of the first world. This broad-scale transfer of labor associated with women's traditional roles results in an odd displacement. In the new global calculus, the female energy that flows to wealthy countries is subtracted from poor ones, often to the detriment of the families left behind. The migrant nanny--or cleaning woman, nursing care attendant, maid--eases a "care deficit" in rich countries, while her absence creates a "care deficit" back home. Confronting a range of topics, from the fate of Vietnamese mail-order brides to the importation of Mexican nannies in Los Angeles and the selling of Thai girls to Japanese brothels, Global Woman offers an unprecedented look at a world shaped by mass migration and economic exchange on an ever-increasing scale. In fifteen vivid essays-- of which only four have been previously published-- by a diverse and distinguished group of writers, collected and introduced by bestselling authors Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild, this important anthology reveals a new era in which the main resource extracted from the third world is no longer gold or silver, but love.

International Migration Policies and the Status of Female Migrants

Proceedings of the United Nations Expert Group Meeting on International Migration Policies and the Status of Female Migrants, San Miniato, Italy, 28-31 March 1990

Author: N.A

Publisher: New York : United Nations

ISBN: 9789211512816

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 300

View: 1923

This proceedings contains papers and recommendations focusing on the international migration of women. Growing numbers of women are opting for international migration as a means of improving life chances. This proceedings addresses some of the issues resulting from such migration. The book, divided into four parts, includes an introduction by the United Nations Secretariat. Part 1 contains: "Report of the Meeting"; and "Recommendations To Improve the Status of International Female Migrants." Part 2, "Extent of Female International Migration and General Discussion of Its Impact on Female Status," includes "The Status of Women and International Migration" (Lin Lean Lim). Part 3, "Female Migrants in Developed Countries," contains: "Migration Regulations and Sex Selective Outcomes in Developed Countries" (Monica Boyd); "Female Migration and the Status of Foreign Women in France" (George Photios Tapinos); "The Integration of Algerian Women in France: A Compromise Between Tradition and Modernity" (Yeza Boulahbel-Villac); "Comparing the Position of Moroccan and Turkish Women in the Netherlands and in the Countries of Origin" (Jeannette J. Schoorl); "The Experience of Filipino Female Migrants in Italy" (Odo Barsotti; Laura Lecchini); "Analysis of Changes in the Status of Female Returnees in Greece" (Ira Emke-Poulopoulos); "The New Sheilas: European Immigrant Women in Australia, Their Status and Adaptation" (Helen Ware; David Lucas); "Migration of Asian Women to Australia" (Graeme J. Hugo); "Labour Force Experience of Migrant Women: Filipino and Korean Women in Transition" (Maruja M. Asis). Part IV, "Female Migrants in Developing Countries", includes: "Sex Selectivity of Migration Regulations Governing International Migration in Southern and South-Eastern Asia" (Manolo I. Abella); "Policy Dimensions of Female Migration to the Arab Countries of Western Asia" (Sharon Stanton Russell); "Migration of Sri Lankan Women to Western Asia" (Frank Eelens); "Household Economy and Gender in International Migration: The Case of Bolivians in Argentina" (Jorge Balan); "Female Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Nigeria" (Folasade Iyun and United Nations Secretariat). (EH)

Paradoxes of Integration: Female Migrants in Europe

Author: Floya Anthias,Maria Kontos,Mirjana Morokvasic-Müller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400748426

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 1299

This timely and innovative book analyses the lives of new female migrants in the EU with a focus on the labour market, domestic work, care work and prostitution in particular. It provides a comparative analysis embracing eleven European countries from Northern (UK, Germany, Sweden, France), Southern (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Cyprus) and Eastern Europe (Poland, Slovenia), i.e. old and new immigration countries as well as old and new market economies. It maps labour market trends, welfare policies, migration laws, patterns of employment, and the working and social conditions of female migrants in different sectors of the labour market, formal and informal. It is particularly concerned with the strategies women use to counter the disadvantages they face. It analyses the ways in which gender hierarchies are intertwined with other social relations of power, providing a gendered and intersectional perspective, drawing on the biographies of migrant women. The book highlights policy relevant issues and tries to uncover some of the contradictory assumptions relating to integration which it treats as a highly normative and problematic concept. It reframes integration in terms of greater equalisation and democratisation (entailed in the parameters of access, participation and belonging), pointing to its transnational and intersectional dimensions.

Women and Immigration Law

New Variations on Classical Feminist Themes

Author: Thomas Spijkerboer,Sarah Van Walsum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135308373

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 2604

This book examines immigration law from a gender perspective. It shows how immigration law situates gender conflicts outside the national order, projecting them onto non-western countries, exotic cultures, clandestine labour and criminal organizations. In doing so, immigration law sustains the illusion that gender conflicts have moved beyond the pale of European experience. In fact, the classical feminist themes of patriarchy, the gendered division of labour and sexual violence are still being played out at the heart of Europe's societies, involving both citizens and migrants. This collection of essays demonstrates how the seemingly marginal perspective of immigration law highlights Europe's unresolved gender conflicts and how a gender perspective can help us to rethink immigration law.