Gender and Humor

Interdisciplinary and International Perspectives

Author: Delia Chiaro,Raffaella Baccolini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317804155

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 1859

In the mid-seventies, both gender studies and humor studies emerged as new disciplines, with scholars from various fields undertaking research in these areas. The first publications that emerged in the field of gender studies came out of disciplines such as philosophy, history, and literature, while early works in the area of humor studies initially concentrated on language, linguistics, and psychology. Since then, both fields have flourished, but largely independently. This book draws together and focuses the work of scholars from diverse disciplines on intersections of gender and humor, giving voice to approaches in disciplines such as film, television, literature, linguistics, translation studies, and popular culture.
Release

Look Who's Laughing

Gender and Comedy

Author: Gail Finney

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9782881246449

Category: Social Science

Page: 363

View: 3417

Rather than analyzing women's humor in isolation,Look Who's Laughingmaps the terrain that the genders share and the areas that each holds exclusively. The book's twenty essays investigate witty heroines, sexual parodies, domestic humor, and romantic comedies, as well as erotic language, sexual jokes, and humor-charged expressions of power. With its emphasis on the roles that gender plays in the creation, reception, and interpretation of comic art,Look Who's Laughinglooks critically at generic and gender diversity as well as comedy's underlying unities.
Release

Making War, Not Love

Gender and Sexuality in Russian Humor

Author: Emil Draitser

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312221294

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 1618

Emil A. Draitser offers an insider's view on the sociological and psychological functions of Russian sexual folklore and the way it reflects male/female relationships, leaving no dirty joke untold as he examines such taboo subjects as adultery, impotence, and gender and violence
Release

Performing Marginality

Humor, Gender, and Cultural Critique

Author: Joanne R. Gilbert

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814328033

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 234

View: 9793

An academic study of stand-up comedy performed by females. This will aid in the understanding of power structures in our society.
Release

Smile of Discontent

Humor, Gender, and Nineteenth-Century British Fiction

Author: Eileen Gillooly

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226294025

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 289

View: 7201

Like sex, Eileen Gillooly argues, humor has long been viewed as a repressed feature of nineteenth-century femininity. However, in the works of writers such as Jane Austen, George Eliot, Elizabeth Gaskell, Anthony Trollope, and Henry James, Gillooly finds an understated, wryly amusing perspective that differs subtly but significantly in rhetoric, affect, and politics from traditional forms of comic expression. Gillooly shows how such humor became, for mostly female writers at the time, an unobtrusive and prudent means of expressing discontent with a culture that was ideologically committed to restricting female agency and identity. If the aggression and emotional distance of irony and satire mark them as "masculine," then for Gillooly, the passivity, indirection, and sympathy of the humor she discusses render it "feminine." She goes on to disclose how the humorous tactics employed by writers from Burney to Wharton persist in the work of Barbara Pym, Anita Brookner, and Penelope Fitzgerald. The book won the Barbara Perkins and George Perkins Award given by the Society for the Study of Narrative Literature.
Release

Encyclopedia of Women and Gender

Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender

Author: Judith Worell

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0122272455

Category: Gender identity

Page: 1256

View: 7532

The study of gender differences began in earnest in the 1970s and has since increased dramatically to infiltrate virtually all fields of study in the social and behavioral sciences. Along the way, it was discovered that while women very often think and behave differently than do men, industrialized societies cater to masculine perspectives. The "Psychology of Women" emerged as a field of study focusing on just those areas in which women most often butted against assumed roles. And similarly, in the 1990s, the "Psychology of Men" emerged to focus on the same issues for men. The Encyclopedia of Gender covers all three areas under one cover, discussing psychological differences in personality, cognition, and behavior, as well as biologically based differences and how those differences impact behavior. Coverage includes studies of these differences in applied settings such as education, business, the home, in politics, sports competition, etc. Key Features * Over 100 In-depth chapters by leading scholars in the psychology of women and gender * Addresses critical questions of similarities and differences in gendering across diverse groups, challenging myths about gender polarization and the "Venus/Mars" distinction * Broad coverage of topics from theory and method to development, personality, violence, sexuality, close relationships, work, health, and social policy * Sensitive attention to multicultural and cross-cultural research * Clearly written, readable, comprehensive, with helpful guides (outline, glossary, reference list) * Raises difficult questions related to power, inequality, ethics, and social justice * Challenges the reader to revise established "truths" and to seek further information * Maintains a feminist and woman-centered focus
Release

Laughter, Humor, and the (Un)making of Gender

Historical and Cultural Perspectives

Author: A. Foka,J. Liliequist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137463651

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3917

Humor is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. Throughout history, it has played a crucial role in defining gender roles and identities. This collection offers an in-depth thematic examination of this relationship between humor and gender, spanning a variety of historical and cultural backdrops.
Release

Punchlines

The Case for Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Humor

Author: Leon Rappoport

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275987640

Category: Humor

Page: 181

View: 3772

Explores how African Americans, Jews, Asians, and other under-represented groups use comedy to ease and sometimes foster social tensions. This work also examines the heated issue of when and why it's socially permissible to laugh along.
Release

The Psychology of Humor

An Integrative Approach

Author: Rod A. Martin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465999

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 8619

Research on humor is carried out in a number of areas in psychology, including the cognitive (What makes something funny?), developmental (when do we develop a sense of humor?), and social (how is humor used in social interactions?) Although there is enough interest in the area to have spawned several societies, the literature is dispersed in a number of primary journals, with little in the way of integration of the material into a book. Dr. Martin is one of the best known researchers in the area, and his research goes across subdisciplines in psychology to be of wide appeal. This is a singly authored monograph that provides in one source, a summary of information researchers might wish to know about research into the psychology of humor. The material is scholarly, but the presentation of the material is suitable for people unfamiliar with the subject-making The Psychology of Humor suitable for use for advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses on the psychology of humor-which have not had a textbook source. 2007 AATH Book Award for Humor/Laughter Research category! Up-to-date coverage of research on humor and laughter in every area of psychology Research findings are integrated into a coherent conceptual framework Includes recent brain imaging studies, evolutionary models, and animal research Draws on contributions from sociology, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology Provides an overview of theories of humor and early research Explores applications of humor in psychotherapy, education, and the workplace Points out interesting topics for further research and promising research methodologies Written in a scholarly yet easily accessible style 2007 AATH Book Award for Humor/Laughter Research category
Release

Komik

Ein interdisziplinäres Handbuch

Author: Uwe Wirth

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476053911

Category: Social Science

Page: 415

View: 8300

Komik, Humor, Witz, Ironie, Satire, Parodie, Komödie. Das Handbuch gibt einen Überblick über die vielfältigen Formen und Themen des Komischen, erläutert methodische Zugänge und bietet so eine Bestandsaufnahme der aktuellen Komikforschung. Dabei werden zunächst Grundbegriffe des Komischen dargestellt. Neben der Komikforschung der verschiedenen Disziplinen von der Anthropologie und Philosophie über die Hirnforschung, die Psychologie, die Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft bis hin zur Soziologie werden die historischen Erscheinungsformen des Komischen in den verschiedenen Medien, von Literatur und Theater über Presse, Malerei und Grafik bis zu Film, Fernsehen, Rundfunk und den neuen Medien beleuchtet.
Release

Wrangling Women

Humor and Gender in the American West

Author: Kristin M. McAndrews

Publisher: University of Nevada Press

ISBN: 9780874177589

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 1797

A unique look at a mountain community of women in Winthrop, Washington who run a western-theme town and work as ranchers, trail guides, horse trainers and packers.
Release

Look Who's Laugh:Stud/Gender/C

Author: Finney,

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134304730

Category: Social Science

Page: 377

View: 3422

First Published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Release

Queens of Comedy

Lucille Ball, Phyllis Diller, Carol Burnett, Joan Rivers, and the New Generation of Funny Women

Author: Susan Horowitz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136642870

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 185

View: 5350

Through candid personal interviews with Lucille Ball, Carol Burnett, and other visionary performers, Queens of Comedy explores how comediennes have redefined the roles of women in not only the entertainment business, but society as a whole. Detailing both their public and private lives - as well as their many and varied performances - Queen of Comedy examines the impact these women have had on the predominantly male-oriented world of comedy. Performers like Carol Burnett, Joan Rivers, and their more recent counterparts, comediennes Brett Butler and Roseanne, have helped to sift women's roles in comedy from object to subject. This book maps out this shift, providing an often brutally honest picture of women's lives in both the spotlight of comedy and this modern world.
Release

Untamed and Unabashed

Essays on Women and Humor in British Literature

Author: Regina Barreca

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814321362

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 191

View: 3700

In Untamed and Unabashed, Regina Barreca, noted authority on women and humor, examines the use of humor in the works of Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Elizabeth Bowen, Muriel Spark, and Fay Weldon. She analyzes the ways that each writer uses comedic devices, especially those involving language itself, and discusses the gendered basis of their humor, providing a provocative feminist perspective on gender and comedy. Each of the essays argues that conservative critics have misread and misunderstood the importance of humor in the works of these women authors, and that women's humor serves to explode conventions oppressive to women and to offer women readers a critique of, and an alternative perspective on, the dominant cultural ideologies that contain and oppress them. The book concludes that these authors strategically deployed humor, coded in forms that women readers-but not men readers-would recognize and understand, as a means of educating and empowering those women readers. Barreca asserts that much of women's comic play has to do with power and its systematic misappropriation, allowing women to gain perspective by ridiculing the implicit insanities of a patriarchal culture. Using detailed persuasive new readings of various works of each of her chosen authors, she shows how the straightjacket of conventional femininity is challenged, confronted, and finally, thrown off. This volume demonstrates that comedy can effectively channel anger and rebellion by first making them appear to be acceptable and temporary phenomena, and then by harnessing the released energies, rather than dispersing them. This kind of comedy, which is at the heart of Untamed and Unabashed, terrifies those who hold order dear. It should.
Release

Talking Difference

On Gender and Language

Author: Mary Crawford

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803988286

Category: Psychology

Page: 207

View: 5079

`I love the warmth and wit in this book, but I say this in no way to detract from the seriousness of its subject matter and its incisive treatment by Mary Crawford... this is a great book and an important book which articulates current critical thinking about research around gender and language. Mary Crawford writes brilliantly, powerfully and lucidly... I thoroughly recommend it' - British Psychological Society Psychology of Women Section Newsletter This refreshing re-evaluation of current wisdom - both academic and popular - about men's and women's language critically assesses the abundant social science research of recent years and its representation in the mass media. Exploring a wide range of topics, from
Release

Good Humor, Bad Taste

A Sociology of the Joke

Author: Giselinde Kuipers

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898993

Category: Humor

Page: 301

View: 3857

Good Humor, Bad Taste is the first extensive sociological study of the relationship between humor and social background. Using a combination of interview materials, survey data, and historical materials, the book explores the relationship between humor and gender, age, regional background, and especially, humor and social class in the Netherlands. The final chapter focuses on national differences, exploring the differences between the American and the Dutch sense of humor, again using a combination of interview and survey materials. The starting point for this exploration of differences in sense of humor is one specific humorous genre: the joke. The joke is not a very prestigious genre; in the Netherlands even less so than in the US. It is precisely this lack of status that made it a good starting point for asking questions about humor and taste. Interviewees generally had very pronounced opinions about the genre, calling jokes "their favorite kind humor", but also "completely devoid of humor" and "a form of intellectual poverty". Good Humor, Bad Taste attempts to explain why jokes are good humor to some, bad taste to others. The focus on this one genre enables Good Humor, Bad Taste to have a very wide scope. The book not only covers the appreciation and evaluation of jokes by different social groups and in different cultures, and its relationship with wider humor styles. It also describes the genre itself: the history of the genre, its decline in status from the sixteenth century onward, and the way the topics and the tone of jokes have changed over the last fifty years of the twentieth century.
Release

Ladies Laughing

Wit as Control in Contemporary American Women Writers

Author: Barbara Levy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134385862

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 200

View: 8401

This engaging and accessible book examines the world of seven contemporary, popular American women writers and their individual use of wit as a subtle and effective strategy to engage, or "control", the reader. A chapter is devoted to each of the seven writers - Lisa Alther, Rita Mae Brown, Nora Ephron, Shirley Jackson, Alison Lurier, Grace Paley, and Anne Tyler - and discusses their writings and their use of wit in the context of their lives. An opening chapter frames wit and control in psychological realities, and a concluding chapter summarizes the power of wit. A bibliography of the writers' works is also included, making this an ideal introduction and companion to these writers and their works.
Release