Fundamental Issues in Evaluation

Author: Nick L. Smith,Paul R. Brandon

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1593853424

Category: Psychology

Page: 266

View: 2868

Providing state-of-the-art perspectives on what evaluation is, its purpose, and how to ensure it is done well, this book brings together major evaluation researchers from a variety of social and behavioral science disciplines. Each chapter identifies a fundamental issue facing the field today; considers its implications for theory, method, practice, or the profession; and explores one or more approaches to dealing with the issue. Among the topics addressed are the nature of expertise in evaluation, how to build a better evidence base for evaluation theory, promoting cultural competence in evaluation, how to synthesize evaluation research findings, ways to involve stakeholders in decision making, and much more.
Release

Fundamental Issues in Defense Training and Simulation

Author: George Galanis,Robert Sottilare

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317131371

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 9365

Defense forces have always invested a great deal of their resources in training. In recent times, changes in the complexity and intensity of operations have reaffirmed the importance of ensuring that warfighters are adequately prepared for the environments in which they are required to work. The emergence of new operational drivers such as asymmetric threats, urban operations, joint and coalition operations and the widespread use of military communications and information technology networks has highlighted the importance of providing warfighters with the competencies required to act in a coordinated, adaptable fashion, and to make effective decisions in environments characterized by large amounts of sometimes ambiguous information. While investment in new technologies can make available new opportunities for action, it is only through effective training that personnel can be made ready to apply their tools in the most decisive and discriminating fashion. There are many factors which can have an impact on the efficacy of training and many issues to consider when designing and implementing training strategies. These issues are often complex and nuanced, and in order to grasp them fully a significant investment of time and energy is required. However, the requirement to respond quickly to ever-changing technology, a high operational tempo and minimal staffing may preclude many in today's defense forces from seeking out all such resources on their own. This edited collection provides brief, easy-to-understand summaries of the key issues in defense training and simulation, as well as guidance for further reading. It consists of a collection of short essays, each of which addresses a fundamental issue in defense training and simulation, and features an up-to-date reference list to enable the reader to undertake further investigation of the issues addressed. In essence, this book provides the optimum starting point, or first resource, for readers to come to terms with the important issues associated with defense training and simulation. The contributions are written by leading scholars from military research institutions in the US, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, as well as selected researchers from academic and private sector research institutions.
Release

The SAGE International Handbook of Educational Evaluation

Author: Katherine Ryan,J. Bradley Cousins

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343456

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 3104

Bringing together the expertise of top evaluation leaders from around the world, The SAGE International Handbook of Educational Evaluation addresses methods and applications in the field, particularly as they relate to policy- and decision-making in an era of globalization. The comprehensive collection of articles in the Handbook compels readers to consider globalization influences on educational evaluation within distinct genres or families of evaluation approaches. Key Features Discusses substantive issues surrounding globalization, and its implication for educational policy and practice and ultimately evaluation; Includes state-of-the-art theory chapters and method chapters within scientific, accountability-oriented, learning-oriented, and political genres of evaluation approaches; Provides real-world case exemplar chapters to illustrate core concepts within genres; Extends dialogue on controversial topics and contemporary educational evaluation tensions in the context of globalization; Summarizes, by means of an integration chapter, the issues, tensions and dilemmas confronting educational evaluators in an era of globalization. Serving as a state-of-the-art resource on educational evaluation, this volume is designed for graduate students, evaluation scholars and researchers and professional evaluation practitioners with an interest in educational program and policy evaluation.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research

Author: Patricia Leavy PhD

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199811822

Category: Psychology

Page: 600

View: 3714

The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research presents a comprehensive overview of the field of qualitative research. It is intended for students of all levels, faculty, and researchers across the social sciences. The contributors represent some of the most influential and innovative researchers in the field as well as emerging scholars. This handbook provides a broad introduction to the field of qualitative research to those with little to no background in the subject, while simultaneously providing substantive contributions to the field that will be of interest to even the most experienced researchers. It serves as a user-friendly teaching tool suitable for a range of undergraduate or graduate courses, as well as individuals working on their thesis or other research projects. With a focus on methodological instruction, this volume offers both a retrospective and prospective view of the field. The first two sections explore the history of the field, ethics and philosophical/theoretical approaches. The next three sections focus on the major methods of qualitative practice as well as newer approaches (such as arts-based research and internet research); area studies often excluded (such as museum studies and disaster studies); and mixed methods and participatory methods (such as community-based research). The next section covers key issues including data analysis, interpretation, writing and assessment. The final section offers a commentary about politics and research and the move towards public scholarship.
Release

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Author: Matthew Leach

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579336

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 1877

An exceptional health resource addressing professional practice issues in complementary and alternative medicine Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine differs from other medical texts by introducing a systematic clinical framework for the practice of complementary and alternative medicine. While comparable titles may explore the use or efficacy of specific complementary and alternative medicine interventions, this indispensable textbook highlights evidence-based interventions, while helping practitioners apply them within a clinical decision making framework. Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine is a one-of-a-kind health reference for clinicians, students and educators alike. Divided into two parts – theoretical foundation and practical application – the book includes case studies on health conditions such as acne, irritable bowel syndrome and migraine. Clinical Decision Making in Complementary & Alternative Medicine is also unique in that it: • focuses on evidence-based practice while also paying attention to the underlying philosophy of complementary and alternative medicine • includes learning objectives and activities to consolidate reader knowledge and help lecturers teaching complementary and alternative medicine students • enables complementary and alternative medicine practitioners to systematically assess, diagnose, treat and evaluate client-centred health problems in accordance with the established art, science and philosophy of complementary and alternative medicine • guides practitioner thinking, assessment and care – all of which may help increase professional autonomy and accountability, improve client outcomes and quality of care, and reduce errors in decision making
Release

Mixed Methods and Credibility of Evidence in Evaluation

New Directions for Evaluation, Number 138

Author: Donna M. Mertens,Sharlene Hesse-Biber

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118720458

Category: Education

Page: 136

View: 4323

Mixed methods in evaluation have the potential to enhance the credibility of evaluation and the outcomes of evaluation. This issue explores advances in understanding mixed methods in philosophical, theoretical, and methodological terms and presents specific illustrations of the application of these concepts in evaluation practice. Leading thinkers in the mixed methods evaluation community provide frameworks and strategies that are associated with improving the probability of reaching the goals of enhanced credibility for evaluations, the evidence they produce, and the actions taken as a result of the evaluation findings. This is the 138th volume of the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Evaluation, an official publication of the American Evaluation Association.
Release

Valuing Assessment in Science Education: Pedagogy, Curriculum, Policy

Author: Deborah Corrigan,Richard Gunstone,Alister Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400766688

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 3063

Assessment is a fundamental issue in research in science education, in curriculum development and implementation in science education as well as in science teaching and learning. This book takes a broad and deep view of research involving assessment in science education, across contexts and cultures (from whole countries to individual classrooms) and across forms and purposes (from assessment in the service of student learning to policy implications of system wide assessment). It examines the relationships between assessment, measurement and evaluation; explores assessment philosophies and practices in relation to curriculum and scientific literacy/learning; and details the relationships between assessment and science education policy. The third in a series, Valuing Assessment in Science Education has chapters from a range of international scholars from across the globe and staff from Monash University, King’s College London and University of Waikato. The two previous books in the series examined research relevant to the re-emergence of values in science education and teaching across the spectrum of science education as well as across cultural contexts through the professional knowledge of science teaching. This third book now moves to examine different aspects of generating understanding about what science is learnt, how it is learnt, and how it is valued. Valuing Assessment in Science Education will appeal to all those with some engagement with and/or use of research in science education, including research students, academics, curriculum development agencies, assessment authorities, and policy makers. It will also be of interest to all classroom science teachers who seek to keep abreast of the latest research and development and thinking in their area of professional concern.
Release

Negotiating the Complexities of Qualitative Research in Higher Education

Fundamental Elements and Issues

Author: Susan R. Jones,Vasti Torres,Jan Arminio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113634165X

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 8915

Negotiating the Complexities of Qualitative Research in Higher Education illuminates the complex nature of qualitative research, while attending to issues of application. This text addresses the fundamentals of research through discussion of strategies, ethical issues, and challenges in higher education. In addition to walking through the methodological steps, this text considers the conceptual reasons behind qualitative research and explores how to conduct qualitative research that is rigorous, thoughtful, and theoretically coherent. Seasoned researchers Jones, Torres, and Arminio combine high-level theory with practical applications and examples, showing how research in higher education can produce improved learning outcomes for students, especially those who have been historically marginalized. This book will help students in higher education and Student Affairs graduate programs to cultivate an appreciation for the complexity and ambiguity of the research and the ways to think thorough questions and tensions that emerge in the process. New in This Edition: Updated citations and content throughout to reflect the newest thinking and scholarship Expansion of current exemplars of qualitative research New exercises, activities, and examples throughout to bolster accessibility of theory A new chapter on Theoretical Perspectives with attention to new perspectives increasingly used in higher education and Student Affairs A new chapter on Challenges in Data Collection
Release

Evaluation Fundamentals

Insights into Program Effectiveness, Quality, and Value

Author: Arlene Fink

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483324230

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 2276

The Third Edition of Arlene Fink’s Evaluation Fundamentals teaches the basic concepts and vocabulary necessary to do program evaluations and review the quality of evaluation research to make informed decisions about methods and outcomes to meet scientific and community needs. Dr. Fink thoroughly examines such issues as how to justify evaluation questions and set standards of effectiveness, design studies, identify best practices, and conduct ethical research. The book contains numerous examples of evaluation methods, as well as evaluation reports. It also includes practice exercises and suggested readings in print and online. Individuals can use the New Edition successfully on their own or in small or large groups. “The text is extremely well organized. . . The concepts are easy to follow and the explanations are excellent.” —Sharon K. Drake, Iowa State University “Dr. Fink did an outstanding job of introducing concepts and practice of program evaluation in a way that anyone can understand. Those who are interested in program evaluation will enjoy this book regardless of their field of study.” —Young Ik Cho, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee “The key strength of this book is the introduction of the key concepts, terms, and considerations that are needed for an evaluation study. These introductions are concise, understandable, and in logical order.” —Richard C. Maurer, University of Kentucky
Release

Credible and Actionable Evidence

The Foundation for Rigorous and Influential Evaluations

Author: Stewart I. Donaldson,Christina A. Christie,Melvin M. Mark

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483325075

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 343

Addressing one of the most important and contentious issues challenging applied research and evaluation practice today—what constitutes credible and actionable evidence?—this volume offers a balanced and current context in which to analyze the long-debated quantitative-qualitative paradigms. In the Second Edition, the contributors, a veritable “who’s who” in evaluation, discuss the diversity and changing nature of credible and actionable evidence; offer authoritative guidance about using credible and actionable evidence; explain how to use it to provide rigorous and influential evaluations; and include lessons from their own applied research and evaluation to suggest ways to address the key issues and challenges. Reflecting the latest developments in the field and covering both experimental and non-experimental methods, the new edition includes revised and updated chapters, summaries of strengths and weaknesses across varied approaches, and contains diverse definitions of evidence. Also included are two new chapters on assessing credibility and synthesizing evidence for policy makers. This is a valuable resource for students and others interested in how to best study and evaluate programs, policies, organizations, and other initiatives designed to improve aspects of the human condition and societal well-being.
Release

Exploring Fundamental Issues in Nuclear Physics

Nuclear Clusters - Superheavy, Superneutronic, Superstrange, of Anti-matter : Proceedings of the Symposium on Advances in Nuclear Physics in Our Time, Goa, India, 28th November-2nd December 2010

Author: Debades Bandyopadhyay,Walter Greiner

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814355720

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 3339

This book will focus on recent advances in nuclear physics and bring together experimentalists and theorists. Topics covered include neutron rich and superheavy nuclei, supernova and r-process nuclei, deeply bound antikaon- and antiproton-nuclei, nuclear symmetry energy and equation of state, neutron stars, FAIR and future Dubna research, other related areas.
Release

Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel L. Stufflebeam,Chris L. S. Coryn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118870220

Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 7521

The golden standard evaluation reference text Now in its second edition, Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications is the vital text on evaluation models, perfect for classroom use as a textbook, and as a professional evaluation reference. The book begins with an overview of the evaluation field and program evaluation standards, and proceeds to cover the most widely used evaluation approaches. With new evaluation designs and the inclusion of the latest literature from the field, this Second Edition is an essential update for professionals and students who want to stay current. Understanding and choosing evaluation approaches is critical to many professions, and Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Edition is the benchmark evaluation guide. Authors Daniel L. Stufflebeam and Chris L. S. Coryn, widely considered experts in the evaluation field, introduce and describe 23 program evaluation approaches, including, new to this edition, transformative evaluation, participatory evaluation, consumer feedback, and meta-analysis. Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Edition facilitates the process of planning, conducting, and assessing program evaluations. The highlighted evaluation approaches include: Experimental and quasi-experimental design evaluations Daniel L. Stufflebeam's CIPP Model Michael Scriven's Consumer-Oriented Evaluation Michael Patton's Utilization-Focused Evaluation Robert Stake's Responsive/Stakeholder-Centered Evaluation Case Study Evaluation Key readings listed at the end of each chapter direct readers to the most important references for each topic. Learning objectives, review questions, student exercises, and instructor support materials complete the collection of tools. Choosing from evaluation approaches can be an overwhelming process, but Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Edition updates the core evaluation concepts with the latest research, making this complex field accessible in just one book.
Release

Critical Issues in STEM Evaluation

New Directions for Evaluation, Number 109

Author: Douglas Huffman,Frances Lawrenz

Publisher: Jossey-Bass

ISBN: 9780787985882

Category: Psychology

Page: 128

View: 2642

This volume of New Directions for Evaluation focuses on evaluation of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs, with special emphasis on evaluation of STEM education initiatives. STEM evaluation has always been important, given the issues facing public schools and the economic and social considerations of STEM fields. But because these fields today face a variety of concerns, this discussion of STEM evaluation is particularly timely. Evaluation advances may contribute to STEM fields by helping programs address the challenges they face. This volume presents multiple viewpoints and state-of-the-art examples and methodological approaches in the hope that its chapters will contribute to the understanding of STEM evaluation, STEM education, STEM education evaluation, and evaluation in general. Overall, this volume of New Directions for Evaluation may help not only to move the field to consider new methods and methodologies for engaging in evaluation but also to reconsider ideas of what it means to engage in scientific evaluation.
Release

The Elgar Companion to Health Economics

Author: Andrew M. Jones

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857938134

Category: Medical

Page: 550

View: 4523

ÔThe Elgar Companion to Health Economics is a comprehensive and accessible look at the field, as seen by its leading figures.Õ Ð Joseph Newhouse, Harvard Medical School, US Acclaim for the first edition: ÔThis Companion is a timely addition. . . It contains 50 chapters, from 90 contributors around the world, on the topical and policy-relevant aspects of health economics. . . there is a balanced coverage of theoretical and empirical materials, and conceptual and practical issues. . . I have found the Companion very useful.Õ Ð Sukhan Jackson, Economic Analysis and Policy ÔThis encyclopedic work provides interested readers with an authoritative and comprehensive overview of many, if not all, of the current research issues in health economics. Highly recommended. Upper-level undergraduates and above.Õ Ð R.M. Mullner, Choice This comprehensive collection brings together more than 50 contributions from some of the most influential researchers in health economics. It authoritatively covers theoretical and empirical issues in health economics, with a balanced range of material on equity and efficiency in health care systems, health technology assessment and issues of concern for developing countries. This thoroughly revised second edition is expanded to include four new chapters, while all existing chapters have been extensively updated. The Elgar Companion to Health Economics, Second Edition intends to take an audience of advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers to the current frontier of research by providing concise and readable introductions to key topics.
Release

Scale Construction and Psychometrics for Social and Personality Psychology

Author: Mike Furr

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd

ISBN: 1446244903

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 8525

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here Providing conceptual and practical foundations in scale construction and psychometrics for producers and consumers of social/personality research, this guide covers basic principles, practices, and processes in scale construction, scale evaluation, scale use, and interpretation of research results in the context of psychological measurement. It explains fundamental concepts and methods related to dimensionality, reliability, and validity. In addition, it provides relatively non-technical introductions to special topics and advanced psychometric perspectives such as Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Generalizability Theory, and Item Response Theory. The SAGE Library in Social and Personality Psychology Methods provides students and researchers with an understanding of the methods and techniques essential to conducting cutting-edge research. Each volume within the Library explains a specific topic and has been written by an active scholar (or scholars) with expertise in that particular methodological domain. Assuming no prior knowledge of the topic, the volumes are clear and accessible for all readers. In each volume, a topic is introduced, applications are discussed, and readers are led step by step through worked examples. In addition, advice about how to interpret and prepare results for publication are presented.
Release

The Practice of Research in Social Work

Author: Rafael J. Engel,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506304281

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 2669

The Fourth Edition of Rafael J. Engel and Russell K. Schutt’s The Practice of Research in Social Work introduces an integrated set of techniques for evaluating research and practice problems as well as conducting studies. Evidence-based practice comes alive through illustrations of actual social work research. Updated with new examples, the latest research, and expanded material on technology and qualitative methods, this popular text helps readers achieve the 2015 EPAS core competencies essential for social work practice.
Release

Fundamentals of Psychology

An Introduction

Author: Michael S. Gazzaniga

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483271498

Category: Psychology

Page: 674

View: 3448

Fundamentals of Psychology: An Introduction focuses on issues that cut through the artificial boundaries commonly held in the study of behavior. The book reviews the nature of the organism in terms of basic neurology, including the neurological organization of the central nervous system and the general features of brain development. The author also examines the normal course of development of the visual systems. He discusses fixed patterns of behavior and the developmental processes that include emotional behavior, self-control, language use, perceptual, and cognitive development. The author then explains the use of statistical concept in psychological research, as well as the psychological methods of inquiry that involves variable manipulation and observation of effects. The author also discusses learning and motivation theory including the theories of Pavlov, Skinner, and Premack. He discusses the organism as an information processor using short- and long-term memory, and the mind as having physical aspects such as brain codes and a brain structure known as the corpus callosum. This book is helpful for psychiatrists, psychologists, behavioral scientists, students and professors in psychology.
Release

Consequences of No Child Left Behind for educational evaluation

Author: American Evaluation Association

Publisher: Jossey-Bass Inc Pub

ISBN: 9780470282380

Category: Education

Page: 108

View: 4658

Uses case studies, critical commentaries, and technical information to examine how key aspects of America's No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 has redefined educational evaluation.
Release

Advanced Methodological Issues in Culturally Competent Evaluation for Substance Abuse Prevention

Author: Ada-Helen Bayer,Frances L. Brisbane,Amelie Ramirez,Leonard G. Epstein

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788147814

Category:

Page: 266

View: 4263

Provides a clearly defined framework for the study of substance abuse prevention program evaluation in diverse, culturally defined settings, regardless of the ethnic/racial populations involved. Topics include: acculturation, ethnic identification and the evaluation process; history and philosophy of a science in a global perspective; psychometrics and culture; the role of ethics in evaluation; evaluating the success of community-based prevention efforts; the cultural context of epidemiologic research; culturally specific approaches; and communication and community participation in evaluation processes.
Release