Frontiers of Fear

Tigers and People in the Malay World, 1600-1950

Author: Peter Boomgaard

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300127591

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 2139

For centuries, reports of man-eating tigers in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore have circulated, shrouded in myth and anecdote. This fascinating book documents the “big cat”–human relationship in this area during its 350-year colonial period, re-creating a world in which people feared tigers but often came into contact with them, because these fierce predators prefer habitats created by human interference. Peter Boomgaard shows how people and tigers adapted to each other’s behavior, each transmitting this learning from one generation to the next. He discusses the origins of stories and rituals about tigers and explains how cultural biases of Europeans and class differences among indigenous populations affected attitudes toward the tigers. He provides figures on their populations in different eras and analyzes the factors contributing to their present status as an endangered species. Interweaving stories about Malay kings, colonial rulers, tiger charmers, and bounty hunters with facts about tigers and their way of life, the book is an engrossing combination of environmental and micro history.
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Frontiers of Fear

Immigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe

Author: Ariane Chebel D'Appollonia

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801464382

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9631

On both sides of the Atlantic, restrictive immigration policies have been framed as security imperatives since the 1990s. This trend accelerated in the aftermath of 9/11 and subsequent terrorist attacks in Europe. In Frontiers of Fear, Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia raises two central questions with profound consequences for national security and immigration policy: First, does the securitization of immigration issues actually contribute to the enhancement of internal security? Second, does the use of counterterrorist measures address such immigration issues as the increasing number of illegal immigrants, the resilience of ethnic tensions, and the emergence of homegrown radicalization? Chebel d'Appollonia questions the main assumptions that inform political agendas in the United States and throughout Europe, analyzing implementation and evaluating the effectiveness of policies in terms of their stated objectives. She argues that the new security-based immigration regime has proven ineffective in achieving its prescribed goals and even aggravated the problems it was supposed to solve: A security/insecurity cycle has been created that results in less security and less democracy. The excesses of securitization have harmed both immigration and counterterrorist policies and seriously damaged the delicate balance between security and respect for civil liberties.
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The Politics of Fear

M?decins sans Fronti?res and the West African Ebola Epidemic

Author: Michiel Hofman,Sokhieng Au

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190624493

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 4130

The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa was an unprecedented medical and political emergency that cast an unflattering light on multiple corners of government and international response. Fear, not rational planning, appeared to drive many decisions made at population and leadership levels, which in turn brought about a response that was as uneven as it was unprecedented: entire populations were decimated or destroyed, vaccine trials were fast-tracked, health staff died, untested medications were used (or not used) in controversial ways, humanitarian workers returned home to enforced isolation, and military was employed to sometimes disturbing ends. The epidemic revealed serious fault lines at all levels of theory and practice of global public health: national governments were shown to be helpless and unprepared for calamity at this scale; the World Health Organization was roundly condemned for its ineffectiveness; the US quietly created its own African CDC a year after the epidemic began. Amid such chaos, M?decins sans Fronti?res was forced to act with unprecdented autonomy -- and amid great criticism -- in responding to the disease, taking unprecedented steps in deploying services and advocating for international aid. The Politics of Fear provides a primary documentary resource for recounting and learning from the Ebola epidemic. Comprising eleven topic-based chapters and four eyewitness vignettes from both MSF- and non-MSF-affiliated contributors (all of whom have been given access to MSF Ebola archives from Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia for research), it aims to provide a politically agnostic account of the defining health event of the 21st century so far, one that will hopefully inform current opinions and future responses.
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Entertaining Fear

Rhetoric and the Political Economy of Social Control

Author: Catherine Chaput

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433105852

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 290

View: 6415

Throughout the political spectrum, successful arguments often rely on fear appeals, whether implicit or explicit. Dominant arguments prey on people’s fears – of economic failure, cultural backwardness, or lack of personal safety. Counterarguments feed on other fears, suggesting that audiences are being duped by emotional smokescreens. With chapters on the political, institutional, and cultural manifestations of fear, this book offers diverse investigations into how insecurity and the search for certainty shape contemporary political economic decisions, and explores how the rhetorical manipulation of such fears illuminates a larger struggle for social control.
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Frontiers of Justice

Disability, Nationality, Species Membership

Author: Martha C. NUSSBAUM

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674041577

Category: Philosophy

Page: 512

View: 6959

Theories of social justice, addressing the world and its problems, must respond to the real and changing dilemmas of the day. A brilliant work of practical philosophy, Frontiers of Justice is dedicated to this proposition. Taking up three urgent problems of social justice--those with physical and mental disabilities, all citizens of the world, and nonhuman animals--neglected by current theories and thus harder to tackle in practical terms and everyday life, Martha Nussbaum seeks a theory of social justice that can guide us to a richer, more responsive approach to social cooperation.
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Eugenic Nation

Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America

Author: Alexandra Minna Stern

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520960653

Category: History

Page: 424

View: 3090

First edition, Winner of the Arthur J. Viseltear Prize, American Public Health Association With an emphasis on the American West, Eugenic Nation explores the long and unsettled history of eugenics in the United States. This expanded second edition includes shocking details demonstrating that eugenics continues to inform institutional and reproductive injustice. Alexandra Minna Stern draws on recently uncovered historical records to reveal patterns of racial bias in California’s sterilization program and documents compelling individual experiences. With the addition of radically new and relevant research, this edition connects the eugenic past to the genomic present with attention to the ethical and social implications of emerging genetic technologies.
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The Nightmare, and Other Tales of Dark Fantasy

Author: Francis Stevens,Gary Hoppenstand

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803292987

Category: Fiction

Page: 404

View: 666

Slithering from these pages are never-before-collected tales of suspense and wonder by the woman who invented modern-day dark fantasy: A man goes quietly to bed aboard the doomed Lusitania and awakens on a magical South Pacific Island just as the passenger liner is torpedoed. In a future where women rule the world, a sentient island becomes murderously jealous of a shipwrecked couple. Dire consequences await a human swept into the dark, magical world of elves. A deadly labyrinth coils around the dark heart of a picturesque landscape garden. Within an Egyptian sarcophagus lies the horrifying price of infidelity. Swirling unseen around us are loathsome creatures giving form to our basest desires and fears. A beautiful, veiled medium may hold the key to preventing unspeakable evil from slipping through the borderlands between life and death. On a lost island a woman pipe player and her monstrous dancing partner bring death and terror to five adventurers. ø The stories in this collection have played an integral role in the development of modern dark fantasy, greatly influencing such writers as H. P. Lovecraft and A. Merritt.
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Extinction Learning from a Mechanistic and Systems Perspective

Author: Denise Manahan-Vaughan,Onur Gunturkun,Oliver T. Wolf

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889199088

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2208

Throughout their lifetime, animals learn to associate stimuli with their consequences. Following memory acquisition and consolidation, circumstances may arise that necessitate that initially learned behaviour is no longer relevant. The ensuing process is called extinction learning and involves a novel and complex learning procedure that involves a large number of neural entities. While the neural fundaments of the initial acquisition are well studied, our understanding of the behavioural and neural basis of extinction is still limited and derives mostly from rodent data acquired through fear conditioning paradigms. Fear conditioning and extinction in rodents is a spectacularly successful paradigm within behavioral neuroscience. However, in recent years, new approaches have been emerging that examine the mechanisms of extinction learning in different setting that also involve appetitive models, a broader comparative perspective, a focus on other brain systems, an examination of hormonal factors, and conditioning of immune responses. Only a broader analysis of the neural fundaments of extinction learning will finally uncover shared and distinct mechanisms that underlie extinction learning in different functional systems. The papers compiled in this Research Topic offer new and valuable insights into the mechanisms and functional implementation of extinction learning at its different levels of complexity, and form the basis for new concepts and research ideas in this field.
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Behind the Frontiers of the Real

A Definition of the Fantastic

Author: David Roas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319737333

Category: Social Science

Page: 127

View: 7620

This book offers a definition of the fantastic that establishes it as a discourse in constant intertextual relation with the construct of reality. In establishing the definition of the fantastic, leading scholar David Roas selects four central concepts that allow him to chart a fairly clear map of this terrain: reality, the impossible, fear, and language. These four concepts underscore the fundamental issues and problems that articulate any theoretical reflection on the fantastic: its necessary relationship to an idea of the real, its limits, its emotional and psychological effects on the receiver and the transgression of language that is undertaken when attempting to express what is, by definition, inexpressible as it is beyond the realms of the conceivable. By examining such concepts, the book explores multiple perspectives that are clearly interrelated: from literary and comparative theory to linguistics, via philosophy, science and cyberculture.
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Fear Without Frontiers

Horror Cinema Across the Globe

Author: Steven Jay Schneider

Publisher: Fab Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 319

View: 4254

This staggering anthology on horror cinema from around the planet includes essays, interviews and hard-to-find facts from an international collection of leading authorities on the world horror phenomenon. Including new work from renowned horror experts Kim Newman, Pete Tombs, Art Black, Mitch Davis, Pam Keesey, Travis Crawford, Ken Hanke and many more, FEAR WITHOUT FRONTIERS also includes interviews with legends of the genre such as Takashi Miike, Reggie Nalder, Nonzee Nimibutr, Jorge Molina, Juraj Herz and Sion Sono.
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Frontier Country

The Politics of War in Early Pennsylvania

Author: Patrick Spero

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812293347

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2866

In Frontier Country, Patrick Spero addresses one of the most important and controversial subjects in American history: the frontier. Countering the modern conception of the American frontier as an area of expansion, Spero employs the eighteenth-century meaning of the term to show how colonists understood it as a vulnerable, militarized boundary. The Pennsylvania frontier, Spero argues, was constituted through conflicts not only between colonists and Native Americans but also among neighboring British colonies. These violent encounters created what Spero describes as a distinctive "frontier society" on the eve of the American Revolution that transformed the once-peaceful colony of Pennsylvania into a "frontier country." Spero narrates Pennsylvania's story through a sequence of formative but until now largely overlooked confrontations: an eight-year-long border war between Maryland and Pennsylvania in the 1730s; the Seven Years' War and conflicts with Native Americans in the 1750s; a series of frontier rebellions in the 1760s that rocked the colony and its governing elite; and wars Pennsylvania fought with Virginia and Connecticut in the 1770s over its western and northern borders. Deploying innovative data-mining and GIS-mapping techniques to produce a series of customized maps, he illustrates the growth and shifting locations of frontiers over time. Synthesizing the tensions between high and low politics and between eastern and western regions in Pennsylvania before the Revolution, Spero recasts the importance of frontiers to the development of colonial America and the origins of American Independence.
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The Last Frontier

Exploring the Afterlife and Transforming Our Fear of Death

Author: Julia Assante

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 1608681602

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 407

View: 6250

Identifying the psychological benefits of an afterlife communication practice that the author believes can assuage negative feelings about loss and death, an analysis of religious and historical views draws on near-death experiences and after-death communication to reveal how everyday people can make contact with the afterlife. Original.
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How Fear and Stress Shape the Mind

Author: Luke R. Johnson

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889198715

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1362

The experience of fear and stress leaves an indelible trace on the brain. This indelible trace is observed as both changes in behavior and changes in neuronal structure and function. Fear and stress interact on many levels. The experience of stress may lead to the formation of a fearful memory trace of a place or reminder cue, and fearful memory formation is regulated by the extent of concurrent stress. The concurrent experience of fear and stress may amplify fear and slow fear extinction which may lead to pathology. Fear memory formation involves changes in synaptic plasticity while stress and glucocorticoids change neuronal structure. Thus, both neurons and synapses are changed. These changes can be identified, visualised and mapped within focused microcircuits. In this Research Topic we focus on current advances in both the neurobiology and behavioral consequences of fear and stress.
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Analyzing Crime Patterns

Author: Victor Goldsmith,Philip G. McGuire,John H. Mollenkopf,Timothy A. Ross

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761919414

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 8922

This volume shows how state-of-the-art geographic information systems (GIS), used to display patterns of crime to stimulate effective strategies and decision-making, are revolutionizing urban law enforcement. The contributors present expert information for understanding and successfully employing the latest technologies in this field.
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Heroes of the Frontier

Author: Dave Eggers

Publisher: Knopf Canada

ISBN: 0735272468

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 4249

A captivating, often hilarious novel of family, loss, wilderness, and the curse of a violent America, Dave Eggers’s Heroes of the Frontier is a powerful examination of our contemporary life and a rousing story of adventure. Josie and her children’s father have split up, she’s been sued by a former patient and lost her dental practice, and she’s grieving the death of a young man senselessly killed. When her ex asks to take the children to meet his new fiancée’s family, Josie makes a run for it, figuring Alaska is about as far as she can get without a passport. Josie and her kids, Paul and Ana, rent a rattling old RV named the Chateau, and at first their trip feels like a vacation: They see bears and bison, they eat hot dogs cooked on a bonfire, and they spend nights parked along icy cold rivers in dark forests. But as they drive, pushed north by the ubiquitous wildfires, Josie is chased by enemies both real and imagined, past mistakes pursuing her tiny family, even to the very edge of civilization. A tremendous new novel from the bestselling author of The Circle, Heroes of the Frontier is the darkly comic story of a mother and her two young children on a journey through an Alaskan wilderness plagued by wildfires and a uniquely American madness.
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Frontiers of Cognitive Therapy

Author: Paul M. Salkovskis

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572301139

Category: Psychology

Page: 553

View: 7868

Bringing together cognitive therapy clinicians, researchers, and theoreticians, this volume integrates the latest findings on the conceptualization and treatment of a range of psychological and psychiatric problems. From depression and anxiety, to eating disorders, hypochondriasis, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic, personality disorders, sexual problems, social phobia, and substance abuse, authors discuss the needs of individual patients and structuring effective interventions. Factors such as therapist competencey, the theraputic relationship and empathy are systematially examined. Chapters also consider the specific needs of populations such as children and adolescents and the mentally ill.
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Rad Dad

Dispatches from the Frontiers of Fatherhood

Author: Tomas Moniz,Steve Almond,Jeremy Adam Smith

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1604864818

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 197

View: 4173

"Today more than ever, fatherhood demands constant improvisation, risk, and struggle. With grace, honesty, and strength, Rad Dad's writers tackle all the issues that other parenting guides are afraid to touch...."--cover, p. 4.
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Frontiers of Freedom

Cincinnati's Black Community, 1802-1868

Author: Nikki Marie Taylor

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0821415794

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 315

View: 7811

Nineteenth-Century Cincinnati was northern in its geography, southern in its economy and politics, and western in its commercial aspirations. While those identities presented a crossroad of opportunity for native whites and immigrants, African Americans endured economic repression and a denial of civil rights, compounded by extreme and frequent mob violence. No other northern city rivaled Cincinnati's vicious mob spirit. Frontiers of Freedom follows the black community as it moved from alienation and vulnerability in the 1820s toward collective consciousness and, eventually, political self-respect and self-determination. As author Nikki M. Taylor points out, this was a community that at times supported all-black communities, armed self-defense, and separate, but independent, black schools. Black Cincinnati's strategies to gain equality and citizenship were as dynamic as they were effective. When the black community united in armed defense of its homes and property during an 1841 mob attack, it demonstrated that it was no longer willing to be exiled from the city as it had been in 1829. Frontiers of Freedom chronicles alternating moments of triumph and tribulation, of pride and pain
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Frontiers of Consciousness

Chichele Lectures

Author: Lawrence Weiskrantz,Martin Davies

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199233152

Category: Medical

Page: 340

View: 3400

The 'Frontiers of Consciousness' is a truly interdisciplinary volume on consciousness, one which tackles some of the biggest and most impenetrable problems in the field. Distinctive in its accessibility, authority, and its depth of coverage, the book is a groundbreaking and influential addition to the consciousness literature.
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