Do Elephants Have Knees? And Other Stories of Darwinian Origins

Author: Charles R Ault Jr.

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501706411

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 4150

Thinking whimsically makes serious science accessible. That's a message that should be taken to heart by all readers who want to learn about evolution. Do Elephants Have Knees? invites readers into serious appreciation of Darwinian histories by deploying the playful thinking found in children’s books. Charles R. Ault Jr. weds children’s literature to recent research in paleontology and evolutionary biology. Inquiring into the origin of origins stories, Ault presents three portraits of Charles Darwin—curious child, twentysomething adventurer, and elderly worm scientist. Essays focusing on the origins of tetrapods, elephants, whales, and birds explain fundamental Darwinian concepts (natural selection, for example) with examples of fossil history and comparative anatomy. The imagery of the children’s story offers a way to remember and recreate scientific discoveries. By juxtaposing Darwin’s science with tales for children, Do Elephants Have Knees? underscores the importance of whimsical storytelling to the accomplishment of serious thinking. Charles Darwin mused about duck beaks and swimming bears as he imagined a pathway for the origin of baleen. A "bearduck" chimera may be a stretch, but the science linking not just cows but also whales to moose through shared ancestry has great merit. Teaching about shared ancestry may begin with attention to Bernard Wiseman’s Morris the Moose. Morris believes that cows and deer are fine examples of moose because they all have four legs and things on their heads. No whale antlers are known, but fossils of four-legged whales are. By calling attention to surprising and serendipitous echoes between children’s stories and challenging science, Ault demonstrates how playful thinking opens the doors to an understanding of evolutionary thought.
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Voices of Victorian England: Contemporary Accounts of Daily Life

Author: John A. Wagner Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313386897

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 6023

The Victorian age was a period of transition as Britain industrialized and society underwent profound changes. Here, contemporary voices provide students with an up-close look at this pivotal time. • Presents and comments on 68 excerpts from primary documents of the Victorian era, 1837–1901 • Details selected topics—such as Victorian Ireland, Social Darwinism, the marriage market, and homosexuality—in numerous sidebars • Points readers to books and websites that can expand their understanding of a document and relate it to themes and issues in modern life • Suggests methods students can use to successfully incorporate the documents into school research and reading projects • Includes a chronology listing important dates and events from the birth of Princess Victoria in 1819 to the end of the Boer War in 1902
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The Goodness Paradox

The Strange Relationship Between Virtue and Violence in Human Evolution

Author: Richard Wrangham

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: 1101870915

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 6454

“A fascinating new analysis of human violence, filled with fresh ideas and gripping evidence from our primate cousins, historical forebears, and contemporary neighbors.” —Steven Pinker, author of The Better Angels of Our Nature We Homo sapiens can be the nicest of species and also the nastiest. What occurred during human evolution to account for this paradox? What are the two kinds of aggression that primates are prone to, and why did each evolve separately? How does the intensity of violence among humans compare with the aggressive behavior of other primates? How did humans domesticate themselves? And how were the acquisition of language and the practice of capital punishment determining factors in the rise of culture and civilization? Authoritative, provocative, and engaging, The Goodness Paradox offers a startlingly original theory of how, in the last 250 million years, humankind became an increasingly peaceful species in daily interactions even as its capacity for coolly planned and devastating violence remains undiminished. In tracing the evolutionary histories of reactive and proactive aggression, biological anthropologist Richard Wrangham forcefully and persuasively argues for the necessity of social tolerance and the control of savage divisiveness still haunting us today.
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The Dominant Animal

Human Evolution and the Environment

Author: Paul R. Ehrlich,Anne H. Ehrlich

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597264600

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 8633

In humanity’s more than 100,000 year history, we have evolved from vulnerable creatures clawing sustenance from Earth to a sophisticated global society manipulating every inch of it. In short, we have become the dominant animal. Why, then, are we creating a world that threatens our own species? What can we do to change the current trajectory toward more climate change, increased famine, and epidemic disease? Renowned Stanford scientists Paul R. Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich believe that intelligently addressing those questions depends on a clear understanding of how we evolved and how and why we’re changing the planet in ways that darken our descendants’ future. The Dominant Animal arms readers with that knowledge, tracing the interplay between environmental change and genetic and cultural evolution since the dawn of humanity. In lucid and engaging prose, they describe how Homo sapiens adapted to their surroundings, eventually developing the vibrant cultures, vast scientific knowledge, and technological wizardry we know today. But the Ehrlichs also explore the flip side of this triumphant story of innovation and conquest. As we clear forests to raise crops and build cities, lace the continents with highways, and create chemicals never before seen in nature, we may be undermining our own supremacy. The threats of environmental damage are clear from the daily headlines, but the outcome is far from destined. Humanity can again adapt—if we learn from our evolutionary past. Those lessons are crystallized in The Dominant Animal. Tackling the fundamental challenge of the human predicament, Paul and Anne Ehrlich offer a vivid and unique exploration of our origins, our evolution, and our future.
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Foundations of Education

Author: Allan C. Ornstein,Daniel U. Levine,Gerry Gutek,David E. Vocke

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305500989

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 7557

Highly respected for its substantive coverage and analysis of all foundational areas -- social, philosophical, historical, political, economic, curricular, and legal -- FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION, Thirteenth Edition, describes and analyzes the key educational issues and policies affecting American education. The authors relate the book's wide-ranging topics to an array of applied features to help prepare students for their future careers as educators. The chapters on the history and philosophy of education encourage students to construct their own personal philosophy of education, building a strong foundation for a professional career. Completely up-to-date throughout, this edition also provides the latest information on the common core curriculum, accountability, technology in education, school reform, diversity, legal rulings, recent trends in school funding and teacher compensation, new instructional practices, teaching licensure, the outlook for careers, and many other important topics. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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From So Simple a Beginning

The Four Great Books of Charles Darwin

Author: Professor Charles Darwin,Charles Darwin

Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9780393061345

Category: Science

Page: 1706

View: 3990

Collects Darwin's four seminal works in a slipcase, introduced and edited by a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning Harvard professor, and includes an index that links Darwinian evolutionary concepts to contemporary biological beliefs.
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Reframing Darwin

Evolution and Art in Australia

Author: Jeanette Hoorn

Publisher: Miegunyah Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 255

View: 1285

In celebration of the the bicentenary year of Charles Darwin's birth and complementing the Darwin's Cornucopia, Evolution, Science and Art exhibit in Australia, this record highlights the impact of Darwinian thought on Australian art, science, and culture. Comprehensive and unique, this collection of insightful essays reflects upon topics ranging from the voyage of the HMS Beagle to bioethics and cloning. This volume shows how pervasive the ideas of Charles Darwin are in the Australian arts and sciences and depicts the great influence his thinking has had in the international community and in cultures the world over.
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Seed

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6108

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Book Review Digest

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibliography

Page: N.A

View: 6147

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Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 8618

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Library Journal

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Libraries

Page: N.A

View: 6124

Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.
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Reise um die Welt

Erlebnisse und Forschungen in den Jahren 1832–1836

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3111546373

Category: History

Page: 614

View: 981

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The New Yorker

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literature

Page: N.A

View: 4553

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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5801

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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