From Khartoum to Jerusalem

The Dragoman Solomon Negima and his Clients (1885?1933)

Author: Rachel Mairs

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474255019

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1616

In 2014, a collection of papers was found on eBay: a scrapbook, inside which was written 'Testimonial Book of Dragoman Solomon N. Negima'. The letters pasted into the testimonial book bear recommendations of Negima's services as dragoman ? a combination of tourist guide and interpreter ? in the Holy Land, from travellers of different nationalities, social classes, religions, genders and races. Using these reference letters, and the first-hand published and unpublished accounts of the travellers themselves, this book tells the stories of several such tourists, including the intrepid Victorian female traveller, Ellen E. Miller, and an African?American minister, Rev. Charles T. Walker, who had been born into slavery. Between the lines of others' letters, Solomon Negima's remarkable life story also emerges: from a German mission school in Jerusalem, to the British army in the Sudan, to a successful career as a dragoman in Palestine and Syria, and finally to comfortable retirement with his son, Aziz, and daughter, Olinda, at a Mormon mission in Jerusalem. The discovery of this unique scrapbook allows us an insight into the lives of individuals whose histories would otherwise be lost to us, and a new perspective on the history of travel in the Middle East.
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Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period

Author: Jennifer Cromwell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198768109

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 7694

Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period deals with the possibility of glimpsing pre-modern and early modern Egyptian scribes, the actual people who produced ancient documents, through the ways in which they organized and wrote those documents. While traditional research has focused on identifying a 'pure' or 'original' text behind the actual manuscripts that have come down to us from pre-modern Egypt, the volume looks instead at variation - different ways of saying the same thing - as a rich source for understanding the complex social and cultural environments in which scribes lived and worked, breaking with the traditional conception of variation in scribal texts as 'free' or indicative of 'corruption'. As such, it presents a novel reconceptualization of scribal variation in pre-modern Egypt from the point of view of contemporary historical sociolinguistics, seeing scribes as agents embedded in particular geographical, temporal, and socio-cultural environments. Introducing to Egyptology concepts such as scribal communities, networks, and repertoires, among others, the authors then apply them to a variety of phenomena, including features of lexicon, grammar, orthography, palaeography, layout, and format. After first presenting this conceptual framework, they demonstrate how it has been applied to better-studied pre-modern societies by drawing upon the well-established domain of scribal variation in pre-modern English, before proceeding to a series of case studies applying these concepts to scribal variation spanning thousands of years, from the languages and writing systems of Pharaonic times, to those of Late Antique and Islamic Egypt.
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Sandstorm II - Interesting Times

Author: Osama Salih

Publisher: Authors On Line Ltd

ISBN: 9780755201150

Category: Fiction

Page: 184

View: 6107

With the dictators and tyrants of the Middle East removed, terrorism ended and peace and prosperity looming, you would have thought everyone would be pleased. Not if your industry was profiting handsomely from the state of chaos that reigned before, and peace adversely affected your bottom line. The newly created Middle Eastern Union soon finds that Corporate America is a far more vicious and determined enemy than local dictators ever were.
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O Jerusalem

Author: Collins and lapierre,Larry Collins,Dominique Lapierre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780671785895

Category: Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949

Page: 745

View: 8082

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To Rule Jerusalem

Author: Roger Friedland,Richard Hecht

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520220928

Category: History

Page: 604

View: 1391

"To Rule Jerusalem is a study of religion and politics, Judaism and Zionism as well as Palestinian nationalism and Islam, and it brings a most remarkable perspective to a topic--conflict over Jerusalem--with which we all are, unfortunately, far more familiar than we might like to be."—Gregory Mahler, Shofar
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From Jerusalem to Irian Jaya

A Biographical History of Christian Missions

Author: Ruth A. Tucker

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 0310830621

Category: Religion

Page: 528

View: 2724

This is history at its best. From Jerusalem to Irian Jaya is readable, informative, gripping, and above all honest. From Jerusalem to Irian Jaya helps readers understand the life and role of a missionary through real life examples of missionaries throughout history. We see these men and women as fallible and human in their failures as well as their successes. These great leaders of missions are presented as real people, and not super-saints. This second edition covers all 2,000 years of mission history with a special emphasis on the modern era, including chapters focused on the Muslim world, Third World missions, and a comparison of missions in Korea and Japan. It also contains both a general and an “illustration” index where readers can easily locate particular missionaries, stories, or incidents. New design graphics, photographs, and maps help make this a compelling book. From Jerusalem to Irian Jaya is as informative and intriguing as it is inspiring—an invaluable resource for missionaries, mission agencies, students, and all who are concerned about the spreading of the gospel throughout the world.
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O Jerusalem

Author: Larry Collins, Domnique Lapierre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4209

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NIV Study Bible, eBook, Red Letter Edition

Author: Zondervan,

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 0310437423

Category: Bibles

Page: 2560

View: 2458

"The NIV Study Bible is the #1 bestselling study Bible in the world’s most popular modern-English Bible translation—the New International Version. This best-loved NIV Study Bible features a stunning full-color interior with full-color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations. Since its first release in 1985, the Gold Medallion Award-winning NIV Study Bible has become the treasured and trusted companion of over nine million Bible readers. The in-depth notes are coded to highlight notes of special interest in the areas of character study, archaeology, and personal application. Visually arresting section breaks help you find your bearings in the Bible. Full-color photographs, maps, and illustrations make this study Bible accessible and friendly. Referred to daily by millions of pastors, students, church leaders, and other Bible readers around the world, the over-20,000 NIV Study Bible notes are the handiwork of the same translation team that produced this Bible’s text. The very best evangelical scholarship that brought you today’s most popular modern-English Bible also contributed to the most celebrated and widely used study notes in existence. All of these features, and more, also make this Bible perfect for everyday use. Like no other Bible, the NIV Study Bible places an entire resource library for Bible study in your hands. This ebook has been optimized for reading on color screens, but will still function effectively on other devices. NIV ©2011. The New International Version (NIV) translation of the Bible is the world’s most popular modern-English Bible—easy to understand, yet rich with the detail found in the original languages. "
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On Wings of Eagles

The Secret Operation of the Ethiopian Exodus

Author: Micha Feldmann

Publisher: Gefen Publishing House Ltd

ISBN: 9652295698

Category: History

Page: 303

View: 3691

Told through diary entries interspersed with the stories of many Ethiopian Jews in their own words, this is the gripping account of the Jewish Agency's co-ordinator of Ethiopian aliyah as he worked over a decade to free the Beta Israel from shocking conditions. With Ethiopia overrun by rebels, the Jews had left their villages in northern Ethiopia by the thousands to trek for weeks to the Sudan. There, in squalid refugee camps, untold numbers died of disease and malnutrition. Those left alive were motivated only by the desire to return to Zion. Starving, preyed-upon, and often separated from their families in heartbreaking ways, the refugees also faced stark cultural adjustments in Israel. When Israel was able to open an embassy in Ethiopia in January 1990, the author went to Addis Ababa, where his crowning achievement as the Jewish Agency s representative and Israeli consul was overseeing the immigration of over fourteen thousand Jews from the besieged city in the dramatic two-day Operation Solomon in May 1991. This modern-day Exodus story is a heart-warming tale of the love of one man for Ethiopian Jewry as he devoted himself to their struggle to go up to Jerusalem.
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A Guide to Documents on the Arab-Palestinian/Israeli Conflict

1897-2008

Author: M. Cherif Bassiouni,Shlomo Ben Ami

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004175342

Category: Law

Page: 247

View: 8180

A Guide to Documents on the Arab-Palestinian/Israeli Conflicts: 1897-2008, is a comprehensive non-partisan compilation designed to provide relevant legal and historical source material pertaining to this conflict. Each document is summarized for the reader s benefit. The compilation contains all United Nations Resolutions and Reports, Treaties and Agreements, as well as historic documents that are difficult to obtain. To put the conflict into perspective, a chronology of events is provided, followed by an objective analysis of the historical background, including discussion of the various phases of the conflict, strategic considerations, and an analysis of the prospects for peace. The 690 documents summarized with official citations are the most extensive compilation covering the period from 1897 through 2008, including some key texts on Jerusalem dating back to earlier times. The documents are organized according to the conflict s major topic areas with introductory notes for each part and section. M. Cherif Bassiouni and Shlomo Ben Ami have had a long history of involvement in the peace process. Their combined expertise and personal experiences add a unique dimension to this book that will provide anyone interested in the conflict with a distinct easy-to-use comprehensive compilation of relevant documents.
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A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts

Sudan and South Sudan's Bitter and Incomplete Divorce

Author: James Copnall

Publisher: Hurst

ISBN: 1849044937

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3183

What happened after Africa's biggest country split in two? When South Sudan ran up its flag in July 2011, two new nations came into being. In South Sudan a former rebel movement faces colossal challenges in building a new country. At independence it was one of the least developed places on earth, after decades of conflict and neglect. The '"rump state'", Sudan, has been debilitated by devastating civil wars, including in Darfur, and lost a significant part of its territory, and most of its oil wealth, after the divorce from the South. In the years after separation, the two Sudans dealt with crippling economic challenges, struggled with new and old rebellions, and fought each other along their disputed border. Benefiting from unsurpassed access to the politicians, rebels, thinkers and events that are shaping the Sudans, Copnall draws a compelling portrait of two misunderstood countries. A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts argues that Sudan and South Sudan remain deeply interdependent, despite their separation. It also diagnoses the political failings that threaten the future of both countries. The author puts the turmoil of the years after separation into a broader context, reflecting the voices, hopes and experiences of Sudanese and South Sudanese from all walks of life.
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The Journey to Jerusalem

Author: Avraham Adgah

Publisher: Contento De Semrik

ISBN: 9657450926

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 6691

The Journey to Jerusalem is the story of one man's journey, and the story of an entire nation. Avraham Adgah was born in Ethiopia to a Jewish community that constantly dreamed of Israel, and of Jerusalem. In the 1970s, after years of yearning, thousands of Ethiopian Jews began the journey to the Promised Land, to the Land of Israel. The Journey to Jerusalem is a true story that breaks the boundaries of imagination with a determination that overcomes every obstacle.
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The Proud Tower

A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914;Barbara W. Tuchman's Great War Series

Author: Barbara W. Tuchman

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0307798119

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 4896

The Proud Tower, the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Guns of August, and The Zimmerman Telegram comprise Barbara W. Tuchman’s classic histories of the First World War era During the fateful quarter century leading up to World War I, the climax of a century of rapid, unprecedented change, a privileged few enjoyed Olympian luxury as the underclass was “heaving in its pain, its power, and its hate.” In The Proud Tower, Barbara W. Tuchman brings the era to vivid life: the decline of the Edwardian aristocracy; the Anarchists of Europe and America; Germany and its self-depicted hero, Richard Strauss; Diaghilev’s Russian ballet and Stravinsky’s music; the Dreyfus Affair; the Peace Conferences in The Hague; and the enthusiasm and tragedy of Socialism, epitomized by the assassination of Jean Jaurès on the night the Great War began and an epoch came to a close. Praise for The Proud Tower “[Barbara W. Tuchman’s] Pulitzer Prize–winning The Guns of August was an expert evocation of the first spasm of the 1914–1918 war. She brings the same narrative gifts and panoramic camera eye to her portrait of the antebellum world.”—Newsweek “A rare combination of impeccable scholarship and literary polish . . . It would be impossible to read The Proud Tower without pleasure and admiration.”—The New York Times “An exquisitely written and thoroughly engrossing work . . . The author’s knowledge and skill are so impressive that they whet the appetite for more.”—Chicago Tribune “[Tuchman] tells her story with cool wit and warm understanding.”—Time From the Trade Paperback edition.
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The Lion's Gate

On the Front Lines of the Six Day War

Author: Steven Pressfield

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698163974

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 4431

“A brilliant look into the psyche of combat. Where he once took us into the Spartan line of battle at Thermopylae, Steven Pressfield now takes us into the sands of the Sinai, the alleys of Old Jerusalem, and into the hearts and souls of soldiers winning a spectacularly improbable victory against daunting odds.” —General Stanley McChrystal, U.S. Army, ret.; author of My Share of the Task June 5, 1967. The nineteen-year-old state of Israel is surrounded by enemies who want nothing less than her utter extinction. The Soviet-equipped Egyptian Army has massed a thousand tanks on the nation’s southern border. Syrian heavy guns are shelling her from the north. To the east, Jordan and Iraq are moving mechanized brigades and fighter squadrons into position to attack. Egypt’s President Nasser has declared that the Arab force’s objective is “the destruction of Israel.” The rest of the world turns a blind eye to the new nation’s desperate peril. June 10, 1967. The Arab armies have been routed, ground divisions wiped out, air forces totally destroyed. Israel’s citizen-soldiers have seized the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the Golan Heights from Syria, East Jerusalem and the West Bank from Jordan. The land under Israeli control has tripled. Her charismatic defense minister, Moshe Dayan, has entered the Lion’s Gate of the Old City of Jerusalem to stand with the paratroopers who have liberated Judaism’s holiest site—the Western Wall, part of the ruins of Solomon’s temple, which has not been in Jewish hands for nineteen hundred years. It is one of the most unlikely and astonishing military victories in history. Drawing on hundreds of hours of interviews with veterans of the war—fighter and helicopter pilots, tank commanders and Recon soldiers, paratroopers, as well as women soldiers, wives, and others—bestselling author Steven Pressfield tells the story of the Six Day War as you’ve never experienced it before: in the voices of the young men and women who battled not only for their lives but for the survival of a Jewish state, and for the dreams of their ancestors. By turns inspiring, thrilling, and heartbreaking, The Lion’s Gate is both a true tale of military courage under fire and a journey into the heart of what it means to fight for one’s people.
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Biography of the Rev. Henry Aaron Stern, D.D.

For More Than Forty Years a Missionary Amongst the Jews: Containing an Account of His Labours and Travels in Mesopotamia, Persia, Arabia, Turkey, Abyssinia, and England

Author: Albert Augustus Isaacs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108053505

Category: Religion

Page: 490

View: 5394

This 1866 hagiography of a Christian convert and foreign missionary among Jews remains a valuable source on Victorian Britain's orientalism.
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Ghost Wars

The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and bin Laden, from the Soviet Invas ion to September 10, 2001

Author: Steve Coll

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101221433

Category: Political Science

Page: 738

View: 7133

Winner of the 2005 Pulitzer Prize From the award-winning and bestselling author of Directorate S, the explosive first-hand account of America's secret history in Afghanistan To what extent did America’s best intelligence analysts grasp the rising thread of Islamist radicalism? Who tried to stop bin Laden and why did they fail? Comprehensively and for the first time, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Steve Coll recounts the history of the covert wars in Afghanistan that fueled Islamic militancy and sowed the seeds of the September 11 attacks. Based on scrupulous research and firsthand accounts by key government, intelligence, and military personnel both foreign and American, Ghost Wars details the secret history of the CIA’s role in Afghanistan (including its covert operations against Soviet troops from 1979 to 1989), the rise of the Taliban, the emergence of bin Laden, and the failed efforts by U.S. forces to find and assassinate bin Laden in Afghanistan.
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