Free speech in classical antiquity : [Penn-Leiden Colloquium on Ancient Values, June 2002 at the University of Pennsylvania]

Author: Ineke Sluiter,Ralph Mark Rosen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004139257

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 2009

This book contains a collection of essays on the notion of "Free Speech" in classical antiquity. The essays examine such concepts as "freedom of speech," "self-expression," and "censorship," in ancient Greek and Roman culture from historical, philosophical, and literary perspectives. Among the many questions addressed are: what was the precise lexicographical valence of the ancient terms we routinely translate as "Freedom of Speech," e.g., Parrhesia in Greece, Licentia in Rome? What relationship do such terms have with concepts such as "isegoria," "demokratia" and "eleutheria"; or "libertas," "res publica" and "imperium"? What does ancient theorizing about free speech tell us about contemporary relationships between power and speech? What are the philosophical foundations and ideological underpinnings of free speech in specific historical contexts?

Die römische Satire

Author: Ulrich Knoche

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525253199

Category: History

Page: 137

View: 7740


KAKOS, Badness and Anti-Value in Classical Antiquity

Author: Ineke Sluiter,Ralph Rosen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047443144

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 524

View: 9305

The fourth in a series that explores cultural and ethical values in Classical Antiquity, this volume examines the negative foils, the anti-values, against which positive value notions are conceptualized and calibrated in Classical Antiquity. Eighteen chapters address this theme from different perspectives –historical, literary, legal and philosophical. What makes someone into a prototypically ‘bad’ citizen? Or an abomination of a scholar? What is the relationship between ugliness and value? How do icons of sexual perversion, monstruous emperors and detestable habits function in philosophical and rhetorical prose? The book illuminates the many rhetorical manifestations of the concept of ‘badness’ in classical antiquity in a variety of domains.

Comic Democracies

From Ancient Athens to the American Republic

Author: Angus Fletcher

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421419351

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 3440

For two thousand years, democratic authors treated comedy as a toolkit of rhetorical practices for encouraging problem-solving, pluralism, risk-taking, and other civic behaviors that increased minority participation in government. Over the past two centuries, this pragmatic approach to extending the franchise has gradually been displaced by more idealistic democratic philosophies that focus instead on promoting liberal principles and human rights. But in the wake of the recent "democracy recession" in the Middle East, the Third World, and the West itself, there has been renewed interest in finding practical sources of popular rule. Comic Democracies joins in the search by exploring the value of the old comic tools for growing democracy today. Drawing on new empirical research from the political and cognitive sciences, Angus Fletcher deftly analyzes the narrative elements of two dozen stage plays, novels, romances, histories, and operas written by such authors as Aristophanes, Menander, Plautus, Ariosto, Machiavelli, Cervantes, Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, William Congreve, John Gay, Henry Fielding, and Washington Irving. He unearths five comic techniques that were used to foster democratic behaviors in antiquity and the Renaissance, then traces the role of these techniques in Tom Paine’s Common Sense, Thomas Jefferson’s preamble to the Declaration of Independence, George Washington’s farewell address, Mercy Otis Warren’s federalist history of the Revolution, Frederick Douglass’s abolitionist orations, and other key documents that played a pivotal role in the development of the early American Republic. After recovering these lost chapters of our democratic past, Comic Democracies concludes with a draft for the future, using the old methods of comedy to envision a modern democracy rooted in the diversity, ingenuity, and power of popular art.

The Art of Veiled Speech

Self-Censorship from Aristophanes to Hobbes

Author: Han Baltussen,Peter J. Davis

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812291638

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 3748

Throughout Western history, there have been those who felt compelled to share a dissenting opinion on public matters, while still hoping to avoid the social, political, and even criminal consequences for exercising free speech. In this collection of fourteen original essays, editors Han Baltussen and Peter J. Davis trace the roots of censorship far beyond its supposed origins in early modern history. Beginning with the ancient Greek concept of parrhêsia, and its Roman equivalent libertas, the contributors to The Art of Veiled Speech examine lesser-known texts from historical periods, some famous for setting the benchmark for free speech, such as fifth-century Athens and republican Rome, and others for censorship, such as early imperial and late antique Rome. Medieval attempts to suppress heresy, the Spanish Inquisition, and the writings of Thomas Hobbes during the Reformation are among the examples chosen to illustrate an explicit link of cultural censorship across time, casting new light on a range of issues: Which circumstances and limits on free speech were in play? What did it mean for someone to "speak up" or "speak truth to authority"? Drawing on poetry, history, drama, and moral and political philosophy the volume demonstrates the many ways that writers over the last 2500 years have used wordplay, innuendo, and other forms of veiled speech to conceal their subversive views, anticipating censorship and making efforts to get around it. The Art of Veiled Speech offers new insights into the ingenious methods of self-censorship to express controversial views, revealing that the human voice cannot be easily silenced. Contributors: Pauline Allen, Han Baltussen, Megan Cassidy-Welch, Peter J. Davis, Andrew Hartwig, Gesine Manuwald, Bronwen Neil, Lara O'Sullivan, Jon Parkin, John Penwill, François Soyer, Marcus Wilson, Ioannis Ziogas

Latin Poetry: Imperial: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803101

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 26

View: 4204

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In classics, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of classics. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit

Antike und moderne Demokratie

Author: Moses I. Finley,Arnaldo Momigliano

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150099667

Category: Athens (Greece)

Page: 144

View: 2172


Unmanly Men

Refigurations of Masculinity in Luke-Acts

Author: Brittany E. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019026649X

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 4327

New Testament scholars typically assume that the men who pervade the pages of Luke's two volumes are models of an implied "manliness." Scholars rarely question how Lukan men measure up to ancient masculine mores, even though masculinity is increasingly becoming a topic of inquiry in the field of New Testament and its related disciplines. Drawing especially from gender-critical work in classics, Brittany Wilson addresses this lacuna by examining key male characters in Luke-Acts in relation to constructions of masculinity in the Greco-Roman world. Of all Luke's male characters, Wilson maintains that four in particular problematize elite masculine norms: namely, Zechariah (the father of John the Baptist), the Ethiopian eunuch, Paul, and, above all, Jesus. She further explains that these men do not protect their bodily boundaries nor do they embody corporeal control, two interrelated male gender norms. Indeed, Zechariah loses his ability to speak, the Ethiopian eunuch is castrated, Paul loses his ability to see, and Jesus is put to death on the cross. With these bodily "violations," Wilson argues, Luke points to the all-powerful nature of God and in the process reconfigures--or refigures--men's own claims to power. Luke, however, not only refigures the so-called prerogative of male power, but he refigures the parameters of power itself. According to Luke, God provides an alternative construal of power in the figure of Jesus and thus redefines what it means to be masculine. Thus, for Luke, "real" men look manifestly unmanly. Wilson's findings in Unmanly Men will shatter long-held assumptions in scholarly circles and beyond about gendered interpretations of the New Testament, and how they can be used to understand the roles of the Bible's key characters.

Juvenal and the Satiric Emotions

Author: Catherine Keane

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019026697X

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 4893

In his sixteen verse Satires, Juvenal explores the emotional provocations and pleasures associated with social criticism and mockery. He makes use of traditional generic elements such as the first-person speaker, moral diatribe, narrative, and literary allusion to create this new satiric preoccupation and theme. Juvenal defines the satirist figure as an emotional agent who dramatizes his own response to human vices and faults, and he in turn aims to engage other people's feelings. Over the course of his career, he adopts a series of rhetorical personae that represent a spectrum of satiric emotions, encouraging his audience to ponder satire's proper emotional mode and function. Juvenal first offers his signature indignatio with its associated pleasures and discomforts, then tries on subtler personae that suggest dry detachment, callous amusement, anxiety, and other affective states. As Keane shows, the satiric emotions are not only found in the author's rhetorical performances, but they are also a major part of the human farrago that the Satires purport to treat. Juvenal's poems explore the dynamic operation of emotions in society, drawing on diverse ancient literary, rhetorical, and philosophical sources. Each poem uniquely engages with different texts and ideas to reveal the unsettling powers of its emotional mode. Keane also analyzes the "emotional plot" of each book of Satires and the structural logic of the entire series with its wide range of subjects and settings. From his famous angry tirades to his more puzzling later meditations, Juvenal demonstrates an enduring interest in the relationship between feelings and moral judgment.

Die politische Rolle der stadtrömischen Plebs in der Kaiserzeit

Author: Katja Kröss

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004339744

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 6466

Die politische Rolle der stadtrömischen Plebs in der Kaiserzeit uses focused source criticism to assess the works of Tacitus, Suetonius, Dio Cassius, and others and deliver new insights both into the narrative functions and historical actions of the Roman people. In Die politische Rolle der stadtrömischen Plebs in der Kaiserzeit werden durch einen quellenkritischen Zugang, insbesondere zu den Werken des Tacitus, Sueton und Cassius Dio, neue Einsichten sowohl in die narrativen Funktionen des Volkes als auch in dessen historische Aktivitäten ermöglicht.

Antike oder moderne Freiheit?

die Begründung der Demokratie in Athen und in der Neuzeit

Author: Wilfried Nippel

Publisher: N.A


Category: Athen - Demokratie - Geschichte Anfänge-400 v. Chr - Rezeption - Europa - Geschichte 1800 - 2000

Page: 455

View: 3637

Die Demokratie, vor 2500 Jahren im antiken Griechenland entstanden, hat nie ihre Faszination verloren. Die Idee von der Freiheit der Bürger inspirierte seitdem immer wieder neu das Nachdenken über die richtige Regierungsform für eine Gesellschaft. In seiner konzisen Studie zeichnet Wilfried Nippel nach, wie über die Jahrhunderte hinweg der Rückgriff auf die athenische Demokratie bis in die Gegenwart die Diskussion über das jeweils aktuelle politische System bestimmt hat.

Toward a Rhetoric of Insult

Author: Thomas Conley

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226114791

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 3336

From high school cafeterias to the floor of Congress, insult is a truly universal and ubiquitous cultural practice with a long and earthy history. And yet, this most human of human behaviors has rarely been the subject of organized and comprehensive attention—until Toward a Rhetoric of Insult. Viewed through the lens of the study of rhetoric, insult, Thomas M. Conley argues, is revealed as at once antisocial and crucial for human relations, both divisive and unifying. Explaining how this works and what exactly makes up a rhetoric of insult prompts Conley to range across the vast and splendidly colorful history of offense. Taking in Monty Python, Shakespeare, Eminem, Cicero, Henry Ford, and the Latin poet Martial, Conley breaks down various types of insults, examines the importance of audience, and explores the benign side of abuse. In doing so, Conley initiates readers into the world of insult appreciation, enabling us to regard insults not solely as means of expressing enmity or disdain, but as fascinating aspects of human interaction.

Die Antike in der populären Kultur und Literatur

Author: Konrad Dominas,Bogdan Trocha,Paweł Wałowski

Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH

ISBN: 3732902382


Page: 212

View: 6958

Die Antike ist aus der Populärkultur der Gegenwart nicht wegzudenken. Ihre Mythen, Motive und Figuren werden in den diversen Zweigen der Unterhaltungsindustrie verändert, neu erzählt und neu interpretiert. Noch gibt es keine kohärente Methodologie, um die Antike-Rezeption in der populären Literatur und Kultur ganzheitlich zu erfassen. Die Beiträge in diesem Buch – zu Literatur, Film, Musik, Architektur, Gegenwartsmedien sowie zur Beziehung zwischen Religion und Popkultur – repräsentieren in der Mannigfaltigkeit und Komplexität ihrer Themen und Probleme die Stärke der Antike-Rezeption. Der Band dokumentiert zudem einige wesentliche Modifikationen auf der Beziehungsachse ‚populäre Kultur – Antike‘. Dabei wird deutlich, wie verschiedenartige Kulturprozesse die Antike verändern und auf welche Weise ihr neue, bisher unbekannte Perspektiven eröffnet werden.


die gute Rede in Kult und Literatur der griechischen Antike

Author: Susanne Gödde

Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 439

View: 5279

Euphemia, wortlich "die gute Rede," ist der Versuch, durch Sprache die Realitat zu manipulieren. Die Verwendung 'guter' Worte soll, zumal in rituellen Situationen, bei Gebeten oder Opferzeremonien, Gluck verheissen, die Wirklichkeit soll sich der Rede angleichen. Im Gegenzug gilt die Forderung nach euphemia jedoch auch der Abwehr der 'schlechten', ungluckverheissenden Rede, die durch die gute Rede annulliert, zum Schweigen gebracht werden soll. Das verbreitete Verstandnis dieses Phanomens als 'heiliges' oder 'andachtiges' Schweigen ist allzusehr durch christliche Vorstellungen gepragt und kann die kulturelle Reichweite der flexiblen Redeordnung, die euphemia etabliert, nicht erfassen. Im Spannungsfeld von Sprachmagie und rhetorischem Euphemismus untersucht die vorliegende Studie in literarischen und philosophischen Texten der griechischen Antike den doppelten Diskurs, den euphemia markiert: das Zugleich von Reden und Schweigen, das Verschwiegene als die andere Seite des Ausgesprochenen. Euphemia verweist somit auf die Grenze zwischen dem sozial Vertraglichen und dem gesellschaftlichen Tabu. Entlang dieser Grenze treten diejenigen kulturellen Felder in den Blick, die durch eine euphemistische Redeordnung kontrolliert und beschonigt werden mussen: der Tod, das Opfer oder die Unreinheit. Das Buch versammelt Lekturen zu Homer, Hesiod, Pindar, den Dramatikern des 5. Jahrhunderts sowie zu Platon.

Die globale sexuelle Revolution

Zerstörung der Freiheit im Namen der Freiheit

Author: Gabriele Kuby

Publisher: Fe-Medienverlag

ISBN: 3863570790

Category: Religion

Page: 456

View: 8222

Die globale sexuelle Revolution, vorangetrieben von UN und EU, hat sich zunächst hinter dem Rücken der Öffentlichkeit in Politik, Institutionen und Ausbildungseinrichtungen eingeschlichen. Inzwischen ist daraus längst ein gewaltiges gesellschaftliches Umerziehungsprogramm geworden, welches die Voraussetzungen einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft zerstört und zunehmend totalitäre Züge annimmt. In diesem Buch lesen Sie, was man heute nicht mehr sagen darf über • UN und EU als Betreiber der sexuellen Revolution • die große Umerziehung zum sexualisierten Gender-Menschen • die politische Vergewaltigung der Sprache • die Seuche der Pornografie • die Homosexuellen-Bewegung • Sex-Erziehung in Schule und Kindergarten • die schiefe Ebene zum Totalitarismus im neuen Gewand "Dass Gabriele Kuby den Mut hat, die Bedrohung unserer Freiheit durch eine antihumanistische Ideologie beim Namen zu nennen, bringt ihr möglicherweise Feindseligkeit, ja sogar Hetze ein. Sie hat stattdessen für ihre Aufklärungsarbeit unser aller Dank verdient. Möglichst viele Menschen sollten dieses Buch lesen, um aufmerksam zu werden, was auf sie zukommt, wenn sie sich nicht wehren". (Aus dem Geleitwort von Prof. Robert Spaemann)

Die satanischen Verse


Author: Salman Rushdie

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641112672

Category: Fiction

Page: 720

View: 8797

Bejubelt und verdammt: Das Buch, für das Salman Rushdie zum Tode verurteilt wurde Über der englischen Küste wird ein Flugzeug in die Luft gesprengt. Die einzigen Überlebenden dieses Terroranschlags sind Gibril Farishta und Saladin Chamcha, zwei indische Schauspieler, die buchstäblich vom Himmel fallen und wie durch ein Wunder unversehrt bleiben. Doch nach dem Absturz gehen seltsame Dinge mit ihnen vor: Der Muslim Gibril zeigt immer mehr Ähnlichkeit mit dem Erzengel Gabriel, während sich Saladin, der stets seine Herkunft verleugnete, zu einem Abbild des Teufels entwickelt. Doch das ist erst der Beginn einer überwältigenden Odysee zwischen Gut und Böse, zwischen Fantasie und Realität.

Ovid Before Exile

Art and Punishment in the Metamorphoses

Author: Patricia Jane Johnson

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 184

View: 5117

Ovid’s epic masterpiece, the Metamorphoses, with its fiercely irreverent tone and its resolute defiance of the boundaries of genre, stands boldly apart both from the other poetry of its age and from the epic tradition that preceded it. A generation earlier, a high culture of poets and patrons had flourished, giving rise to the great works of Virgil, Horace, Propertius, and Tibullus. But, in this compelling new reading of the Metamorphoses in its social and political context, Patricia Johnson demonstrates that Ovid was writing in an artistic atmosphere succumbing to a stranglehold of implicit censorship that culminated in his exile from Rome in 8 AD. Johnson shows that, in the poem, danger permeates acts of artistic creation. In Ovid’s portrayals of mythic figures—from Arachne and Minerva to Orpheus in the Underworld—artists who please their audience triumph; the defiant and subversive are destroyed. She reveals that in the poem, as in late Augustan Rome, the overriding criterion for artistic success was not aesthetic beauty but satisfying the expectations and desires of powerful audiences. She convincingly demonstrates just how unprecedented the Metamorphoses was in the epic tradition.


The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic

Author: Tom Holland

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608108181

Category: History

Page: 463

View: 8631

Aufstieg und Untergang der Römischen Republik: Mit stilistischer Brillanz und historischem Scharfsinn erzählt Tom Holland die römische Geschichte von ihren etruskischen Anfängen bis zur Ermordung Caesars. »Erzählte Geschichte vom Feinsten. Ein Buch, das mich wirklich gefesselt hat.« Ian McEwan »Eine atemberaubende und glänzend geschriebene Gesamtschau der Machtkämpfe im Rom von Caesar und Cicero.« Uwe Walter »Eine packende, spannende und ungemein unterhaltsame Darstellung der römischen Republik.« Books of the Year, Sunday Times »Tom Holland erzählt den Untergang der römischen Republik neu: ein geistreiches Werk. Hochaktuell.« Independent on Sunday