Fourth Generation Evaluation

Author: Egon G. Guba,Yvonna S. Lincoln

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803932357

Category: Reference

Page: 294

View: 7627

Fourth generation evaluation represents a monumental shift in evaluation practice. The authors highlight the inherent problems faced by previous generations of evaluators - politics, ethical dilemmas, imperfections and gaps, inconclusive deductions - and blame reliance on the scientific/positivist paradigm for failure. They show how fourth generation evaluation solves persistent problems in program evaluation, comprehensively describe the differences between the positivist and constructivist paradigms of research, and provide a practical plan of the steps and processes in conducting a fourth generation evaluation.

Das Fourth Generation Evaluation Modell - Ein Vergleich mit der Methodologie der qualitativen Sozialforschung

Author: Nina Traxler

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638645851


Page: 56

View: 3241

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Methodologie und Methoden, Note: 1, Universitat Wien (Institut fur Soziologie Wien), Veranstaltung: Qualitative Sozialforschung in der Evaluation, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die deutschsprachige qualitative Sozialforschung ist durch eine Vielfalt an theoretischen Zugangen gekennzeichnet. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird davon ausgegangen, dass der qualitative Ansatz trotz dieser Heterogenitat ein expliziter Erkenntnisstandpunkt ist, der sich nicht nur durch die Verwendung bzw. Ablehnung bestimmter Methoden sondern durch eine genuine Forschungslogik und Betrachtungsweise von Wirklichkeit auszeichnet. Im ersten Teil dieser Arbeit wird versucht, die grundlegende Basis des qualitativen Zugangs in Kurze darzustellen und die theoretischen Grundannahmen (Symbolischer Interaktionismus, Ethnomethodologie, Natural History) dieses Paradigmas naher zu erlautern. Dieser Standpunkt dient als Hintergrundfolie, anhand dessen das von den Amerikanern Yvonna Lincoln und Egon Guba entwickelte Modell der "Fourth Generation Evaluation" kontrastiert und verglichen werden soll. Die Analyse zeigt, dass dieses Evaluationsmodell auf jeden Fall der qualitativen Sozialforschung zuzurechnen ist, da es grundlegende Zugangsweisen wie Offenheit, Reflexivitat und Prozesscharakter als Leitlinien anerkennt, nichts desto trotz lassen sich bei naherer Auseinandersetzung in einigen Bereichen Abweichungen von klassischen Zielsetzungen und Prinzipien qualitativer Sozialforschung erkennen.

Encyclopedia of Evaluation

Author: Sandra Mathison

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761926092

Category: Social Science

Page: 481

View: 1886

The Encyclopedia of Evaluation is an authoritative, first-of-its-kind who, what, where, why, and how of the field of evaluation. Covering professional practice as well as academia, this volume chronicles the development of the field—its history, key figures, theories, approaches, and goals. From the leading publisher in the field of evaluation, this work is a must-have for all social science libraries, departments that offer courses in evaluation, and students and professional evaluators around the world. The entries in this Encyclopedia capture the essence of evaluation as a practice (methods, techniques, roles, people), as a profession (professional obligations, shared knowledge, ethical imperatives, events, places) and as a discipline (theories and models of evaluation, ontological and epistemological issues).

The Implementation of Teacher Evaluation for Professional Development in Primary Education in Taiwan

Author: Chao-Wen Liu

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1599423804


Page: N.A

View: 308

Teacher evaluation is an activity of assessing teachers' performance. It is equivalent to teacher appraisal/teacher performance management in England. This study explores the complexities of implementing Teacher Evaluation in primary schools in Taiwan. It concentrates principally on the development of Teacher Evaluation in Taiwan in the light of international research, especially that relating to the English context. The philosophical perspective with which this study is most closely aligned is constructivism. In particular, using qualitative methods of documentary analysis and interviews, it explores the nature of Teacher Evaluation and the meaning held by implementers. Government publications, including books, journals and other documentation from public institutions were examined to trace the development of Teacher Evaluation in Taiwan, and how it might be influenced by globalisation. Interviews were carried out with 3 head teachers and 7 teachers from 3 primary schools in Taiwan and 3 officers from different levels of official organisations. A Recommended Model of Teacher Evaluation was synthesised from the review of international research. Using the Recommended Model of Teacher Evaluation to evaluate the implementation of Teacher Evaluation for Professional Development in Taiwan, the effectiveness of the project was demonstrated. However, by looking at the empirical data, some limitations were observed, including deficiencies in the administrative system, teachers' heavy workload, the reluctance of teachers to accept changes, and insufficient knowledge of the relevant policy. Other obstacles were noted, including inadequately trained evaluators, the lack of a mechanism for professional dialogue, and the incoherence of the educational policy. This study shows that most teachers agree with the measures in the Teacher Evaluation for Professional Development implemented by the Ministry of Education, although some supplementary measures need to be established in a more sophisticated manner before it can be implemented fully. Finally, this study further proposes suggestions for a Teacher Evaluation model based on the Recommended Model of Teacher Evaluation, the implementation of the current Teacher Evaluation for Professional Development, and ideal models mentioned by the interviewees.

Kindertageseinrichtungen: Qualitätsentwicklung im Diskurs

Theorie, Praxis und Perspektiven eines partizipativen Instruments

Author: Armin Schneider,Catherine Kaiser-Hylla,Sylvia Herzog,Ulrike Pohlmann

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847408550

Category: Education

Page: 202

View: 2293

Qualität in der Kindertageseinrichtung ist wesentlich mit dem Beziehungsgeschehen zwischen Kindern, Eltern und pädagogischen-Fachkräften verknüpft. Doch wie kann man Qualität sicherstellen und weiterentwickeln? In dem vorliegen Band wird ein Instrumentarium entwickelt und vorgestellt, das direkt an den Bedürfnissen der einzelnen Kita ansetzt und von dort aus Perspektiven für die Qualität entwickelt. Mit Methoden der wertschätzenden Evaluation werden in einem partizipativen Prozess auch Haltungen von Fachkräften reflektiert und Eltern-, Familien- sowie Sozialraumorientierungen gefördert.

Evaluation von E-Learning

Author: Dorothee M. Meister

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 9783830963110


Page: N.A

View: 790


Evaluation Roots

A Wider Perspective of Theorists’ Views and Influences

Author: Marvin C. Alkin

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483333078

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 517

Evaluation Roots: A Wider Perspective of Theorists’ Views and Influences, Second Edition provides an updated examination of current evaluation theories and traces their evolution. Marvin C. Alkin shows how theories build upon theories and how the theories are related to each other. The way in which these evaluation "roots" grew to form a tree helps to provide a better understanding of evaluation theory. In addition to the editor's overview, the book contains essays by leading evaluation theorists. In these pieces, the evaluators comment on their own development and give their views of their placement upon the tree. **All royalties from sales of this book are donated to support the AEA Research on Evaluation Student Award.**

International Handbook of Educational Evaluation

Part One: Perspectives / Part Two: Practice

Author: T. Kellaghan,D.L. Stufflebeam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401003092

Category: Education

Page: 1060

View: 6636

Thomas Kellaghan Educational Research Centre, St. Patrick's College, Dublin, Ireland Daniel L. Stufflebeam The Evaluation Center, Western Michigan University, Ml, USA Lori A. Wingate The Evaluation Center, Western Michigan University, Ml, USA Educational evaluation encompasses a wide array of activities, including student assessment, measurement, testing, program evaluation, school personnel evalua tion, school accreditation, and curriculum evaluation. It occurs at all levels of education systems, from the individual student evaluations carried out by class room teachers, to evaluations of schools and districts, to district-wide program evaluations, to national assessments, to cross-national comparisons of student achievement. As in any area of scholarship and practice, the field is constantly evolving, as a result of advances in theory, methodology, and technology; increasing globalization; emerging needs and pressures; and cross-fertilization from other disciplines. The beginning of a new century would seem an appropriate time to provide a portrait of the current state of the theory and practice of educational evaluation across the globe. It is the purpose of this handbook to attempt to do this, to sketch the international landscape of educational evaluation - its conceptual izations, practice, methodology, and background, and the functions it serves. The book's 43 chapters, grouped in 10 sections, provide detailed accounts of major components of the educational evaluation enterprise. Together, they provide a panoramic view of an evolving field.

Theoriebasierte Evaluation

Konzepte und methodische Umsetzungen

Author: Susanne Giel

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830978553

Category: Political Science

Page: 305

View: 5696

Klassische Konzepte zur Durchführung von Programmevaluationen stoßen regelmäßig an Grenzen der Praxis oder können wissenschaftlichen Ansprüchen nicht genügen. Als einen alternativen Zugang präsentiert das Buch theoriebasierte Evaluationskonzepte. Diese ermöglichen Evaluationen, die für Beteiligte und Betroffene einen Nutzen erzeugen, realistisch umsetzbar sind, zu genauen Ergebnissen führen und den Beteiligten gegenüber fair sind. Die Publikation verfolgt ausdrücklich eine anwendungsorientierte Absicht und richtet sich an die Praxis sowie die Aus- und Fortbildung von Evaluatorinnen und Evaluatoren. Abgeleitet aus den jeweiligen Nutzungspotentialen grundlegender methodischer Zugänge entwickelt die Autorin ein Konzept integrativer Methodennutzung zur Realisierung theoriebasierter Evaluationen. Die einzelnen Analyseschritte werden anhand der Beispielevaluation einer internetbasierten Lernumgebung illustriert. Susanne Giel, Dipl. Soziologin, arbeitet seit 2006 als selbstständige Evaluatorin. Sie blickt auf eine zehnjährige Erfahrung in der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe sowie der außerschulischen Bildung zurück und war sechs Jahre in der Hochschulbildung tätig. Seit ihrem Abschluss zur Selbstevaluationsberaterin 1997 leitet sie Seminare und Workshops zu Evaluation und Selbstevaluation und führt Evaluationen vorwiegend in bildungs-, jugend- und arbeitsmarktpolitischen Programmen durch.


A Systematic Approach

Author: Peter H. Rossi,Mark W. Lipsey,Howard E Freeman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452258449

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 9425

Since Peter H. Rossi, Mark W. Lipsey, and Howard E. Freeman first published Evaluation: A Systematic Approach, more than 90,000 readers have considered it the premier text on how to design, implement, and appraise social programs through evaluation. In this, the completely revised Seventh Edition, authors Rossi and Lipsey include the latest techniques and approaches to evaluation as well as guidelines to tailor evaluations to fit programs and social contexts. With decades of hands-on experience conducting evaluations, the authors provide scores of examples to help students understand how evaluators deal with various critical issues. They include a glossary of key terms and concepts, making this the most comprehensive and authoritative evaluation text available. Thoroughly revised, the Seventh Edition now includes * Substantially more attention to outcome measurement * Lengthy discussions of program theory, including a section about detecting program effects and interpreting their practical significance * An augmented and updated discussion of major evaluation designs * A detailed exposition of meta-analysis as an approach to the synthesis of evaluation studies * Alternative approaches to evaluation * Examples of successful evaluations * Discussions of the political and social contexts of evaluation

Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel L. Stufflebeam,Chris L. S. Coryn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118870220

Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 1529

The golden standard evaluation reference text Now in its second edition, Evaluation Theory, Models, andApplications is the vital text on evaluation models, perfectfor classroom use as a textbook, and as a professional evaluationreference. The book begins with an overview of the evaluation fieldand program evaluation standards, and proceeds to cover the mostwidely used evaluation approaches. With new evaluation designs andthe inclusion of the latest literature from the field, thisSecond Edition is an essential update for professionals andstudents who want to stay current. Understanding and choosingevaluation approaches is critical to many professions, andEvaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Editionis the benchmark evaluation guide. Authors Daniel L. Stufflebeam and Chris L. S. Coryn, widelyconsidered experts in the evaluation field, introduce and describe23 program evaluation approaches, including, new to this edition,transformative evaluation, participatory evaluation, consumerfeedback, and meta-analysis. Evaluation Theory, Models, andApplications, Second Edition facilitates the process ofplanning, conducting, and assessing program evaluations. Thehighlighted evaluation approaches include: Experimental and quasi-experimental design evaluations Daniel L. Stufflebeam's CIPP Model Michael Scriven's Consumer-Oriented Evaluation Michael Patton's Utilization-Focused Evaluation Robert Stake's Responsive/Stakeholder-Centered Evaluation Case Study Evaluation Key readings listed at the end of each chapter direct readers tothe most important references for each topic. Learning objectives,review questions, student exercises, and instructor supportmaterials complete the collection of tools. Choosing fromevaluation approaches can be an overwhelming process, butEvaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Editionupdates the core evaluation concepts with the latest research,making this complex field accessible in just one book.

Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation

From Theory to Practice

Author: Leslie Goodyear,Jennifer Jewiss,Eric Barela,Janet Usinger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470447672

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 5995

"Brings together evaluation theory with practice in an accessible text that is meant to serve as a practical introduction to qualitative methods for students and new evaluators, and as a reference and resource for practicing evaluators"--Résumé de l'éditeur.

Evaluation in Planning

Facing the Challenge of Complexity

Author: Nathaniel Lichfield,Angela Barbanente,Dino Borri,Abdul Khakee,Anna Prat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401714959

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 6824

This book is the result of a three day workshop on "Evaluation in theory and practice in spatial planning" held in Ramsey Hall, University College London, in September 1996. Some 30 people from 8 different countries attended and 20 papers were presented. The majority of them now form the basis for this book. This occasion was the third on the topic, the two preceding having taken place in Umea in June 1992 and in Bari in 1994. Following these three meetings, we can now say that this small, industrious, international family really enjoy meeting up from time to time at each others places, in the presence of older members and new children, each one presenting his/her own recent experiences. It particularly enjoys exchanging views and arguing about the current state and the future of evaluation in spatial planning (all families have their vices ... ). It is also pleasing to see these experiences and discussions resulting in a book for those who could not attend and for the broader clan in the field. Not long time ago, but ages in the accelerated academic time scale, evaluation in planning established its own role and distinct features as an instrument for helping the decision-making process. Now this role and these features are exposed to major challenges. First, the evolution of planning theory has lead to the conception of new planning paradigms, based on theories of complexity and communicative rationality.

Evaluation Roots

Tracing Theorists' Views and Influences

Author: Marvin C. Alkin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761928944

Category: Psychology

Page: 424

View: 5578

Evaluation Roots: Tracing Theorists’ Views and Influences examines current evaluation theories and traces their evolution within the framework of theories, building upon theories and how evaluation theories are related to each other. Initially, all evaluation was derived from social science research methodology and accountability concerns. The way in which these evaluation roots grew to form a tree helps to provide a better understanding of evaluation theory. Thus, the book uses an evaluation theory tree as its central metaphor. Editor Marvin C. Alkin posits that evaluation theories can be classified by the extent to which they focus on methods, uses, or valuing; these three approaches form the major limbs of the tree.

Dick Fehnel

Lessons from Gravers School ; Memoirs of Richard A. Fehnel

Author: N.A

Publisher: African Minds

ISBN: 1920051929

Category: Educators

Page: 171

View: 3560


Social Work Research Methods

Four Alternative Paradigms

Author: Teresa Morris

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412916747

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 1438

Social Work Research Methods: Four Alternative Paradigms is the first book that expands social work research methods to include alternative models and integrate these methodologies into general social work practice. In addition to addressing ethics, diversity, and technology, author Teresa Morris also describes research methods for positivism, post-positivism, critical theory, and constructivism.

Performance Measurement im Kulturbereich

Author: Gaurav Singh

Publisher: Diplomarbeiten Agentur

ISBN: 3863414136

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 56

View: 1679

Die Studie befasst sich mit der Frage, wie und unter welchen Randbedingungen Leistungen, Performance und Qualit„t in der Kultur in Form von Indikatoren und Messgr”áen abgebildet werden kann. Der erste Teil beinhaltet Allgemeines ber Non-Profit Organisationen, da Kulturorganisationen in diesen Bereich eingeordnet werden. Es werden auáerdem Merkmale einer Non-Profit Organisation und Unterschiede zu privatwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen aufgezeigt. Im zweiten Teil des Buches wird auf das Performance Measurement eingegangen. Es werden eine Definition, Ziele aber auch die Grenzen aufgezeigt. Anschlieáend wird auf die Hauptthematik dieser Arbeit eingegangen, n„mlich Performance Measurement in Kulturorganisationen. Genauer wird beleuchtet, wie und unter welchen Bedingungen Leistung, Performance und Qualit„t abgebildet werden kann. Zu guter Letzt wird die Balanced Scorecard n„her vorgestellt. Diesem Instrument ist deshalb ein eigenes Kapitel gewidmet, da durch dessen Fokussierung auf die Strategie, von der wiederum die einzelnen Betrachtungsperspektiven, sowie die Art der Kennzahlen abgeleitet werden, dem Anspruch einer NPO gerecht wird, deren bergeordnetes Ziel es ist, die Mission zu erfllen.

Feminist Evaluation and Research

Theory and Practice

Author: Sharon Brisolara,Denise Seigart,Saumitra SenGupta

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462517900

Category: Education

Page: 368

View: 2609

This thought-provoking book explores the 'whats,' 'whys,' and 'hows' of integrating feminist theory and methods into applied research and evaluation practice. Illustrative cases drawn from U.S. and international studies address a range of social and health issues. The book provides an overview of feminist theory and research strategies as well as detailed discussions of how to use a feminist lens, practical steps and challenges in implementation, and what feminist methods contribute to research and evaluation projects. Reflections at the close of each section invite the reader to consider key questions and common themes across the chapters. With a focus on social justice models, the book covers ways to conduct feminist research and evaluation in effective, innovative, and culturally competent ways in diverse social and cultural contexts.

Outcome-Based Evaluation

Author: Robert L. Schalock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475723997

Category: Medical

Page: 242

View: 9951

This book is the product of 30 years of experience with program evalua tion. During this time, both service recipients and educational and social programs have experienced major cultural and political shifts in service delivery philosophy, including a focus on quality, mainstreaming, deinsti tutionalization, community inclusion, and an emphasis on measurable outcomes. Recently stakeholders of these programs have demanded more than just the provision of service, forcing program administrators to evalu ate their programs' effectiveness and efficiency. The "era of accoun tability" is here, and my major goal in writing this book is to help current and future program administrators understand that they need to look beyond simply the provision of service. Indeed, they need to be competent in outcome-based evaluation, which I define as a type of program evaluation that uses valued and objective person-referenced outcomes to analyze a program's effectiveness, impact or benefit-cost. By design, this book can be read from the perspective of a consumer or producer of outcome-based evaluation. As a consumer, the reader will be introduced to the various techniques used in outcome-based evaluation and how to interpret data from outcome-based evaluation analyses. As a producer, the reader will be instructed in how to do outcome-based evalu ation analyses, along with how to use and act on their results. For both the consumer and producer, two questions should guide the use of outcome based evaluation.