Foundations of Modern Cosmology

Author: John F. Hawley,Katherine A. Holcomb

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019853096X

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 2365

Recent discoveries in astronomy have revolutionized the field of cosmology. While many long-standing questions in cosmology have now been answered, the new data pose new mysteries such as the nature of the "dark energy" that dominates the universe. This second edition provides an accessible and thorough text on the physics of cosmology and a lively account of the modern concordance model of the universe, from the big bang to a distant future dominated by dark energy.
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FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN COSMOLOGY. Edition en anglais

Author: John Frederick Hawley,Katherine A. Holcomb

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195104974

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 8152

Foundations of Modern Cosmology provides a highly accessible, thorough, and descriptive introduction to the historical development of and the physical basis for the modern big bang theory. This new textbook is ideal for electives that follow traditional introductory astronomy courses. It is intended to fill the gap between the many popular-level books, which can generally provide only a superficial treatment of the subject, and the advanced texts intended for students with strong backgrounds in physics and mathematics. The text is self-contained, appropriate for a one-semester course, and designed to be understandable to students with a grasp of elementary algebra. Emphasis is given to the scientific framework for cosmology, particularly the basic concepts of physics that underlie modern theories of relativity and cosmology; the importance of data and observations is stressed throughout.
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Encyclopedia of Cosmology (Routledge Revivals)

Historical, Philosophical, and Scientific Foundations of Modern Cosmology

Author: Norriss S. Hetherington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317677668

Category: Science

Page: 686

View: 1755

The Encyclopedia of Cosmology, first published in 1993, recounts the history, philosophical assumptions, methodological ambiguities, and human struggles that have influenced the various responses to the basic questions of cosmology through the ages, as well as referencing important scientific theories. Just as the recognition of social conventions in other cultures can lead to a more productive perspective on our own behaviour, so too a study of the cosmologies of other times and places can enable us recognise elements of our own cosmology that might otherwise pass as inevitable developments. Apart from modern natural science, therefore, this volume incorporates brief treatments of Native American, Cave-Dweller, Chinese, Egyptian, Islamic, Megalithic, Mesopotamian, Greek, Medieval and Copernican cosmology, leading to an appreciation of cosmology as an intellectual creation, not merely a collection of facts. It is a valuable reference tool for any student or academic with an interest in the history of science and cosmology specifically.
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Das unbekannte Universum

Raum, Zeit und die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Stuart Clark

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662548968

Category: Nature

Page: 327

View: 7665

Eine Tour d'horizon bis an die Grenzen des Kosmos In zehn Kapiteln präsentiert Stuart Clark eine aktuelle Einführung in die Wissenschaft der Kosmologie: wie sie sich entwickelt hat, welche Konzepte und Personen sie maßgeblich geprägt haben, wo wir heute stehen – und wie es weitergehen könnte. Am 21. März 2013 veröffentlichte die Europäische Weltraumorganisation ESA eine neue Karte vom Echo des Urknalls. Diese – im Zuge der Planck-Mission erstellte – erste vollständige Karte der kosmischen Hintergrundstrahlung war ein wissenschaftlicher Paukenschlag. Über eine Zeit von 13,8 Milliarden Jahren hinweg und über einen Raum von 440 Trillionen Kilometern kann es physikalisch keine bessere Darstellung geben – das heißt, wir werden das frühe Universum kaum je detaillierter sehen. Einerseits erscheint eine solche Ansicht wie die Krönung der modernen Kosmologie, andererseits rüttelt sie an viele ihrer Grundfesten. Denn die Karte enthält Anomalien, die unser bisheriges Verständnis des Universums herausfordern. Sie zwingt uns, das, was bekannt ist, und das, was noch unbekannt ist, in neuem Licht zu betrachten. Wir werden ein verändertes Modell unseres Universums entwickeln müssen. Dies ist das erste Buch, das diesen epochalen wissenschaftlichen Paradigmenwechsel beleuchtet - und in einen breiteren Kontext stellt. Stuart Clark beschäftigt sich darin unter anderem mit der Frage, ob Newtons berühmte Gravitationsgesetze umgeschrieben werden müssen - oder ob die dunkle Materie und die dunkle Energie, die heute Schlagzeilen machen, etwa nur kosmische Phantome sind. Können wir jemals wissen, was vor dem Urknall passiert ist? Was befindet sich am Ende eines Schwarzen Loches? Gibt es Universen jenseits unseres eigenen? Existiert die Zeit? Wandeln sich die einst unveränderlich erscheinenden Gesetze der Physik?
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Physical Foundations of Cosmology

Author: P. J. Steinhardt,Viatcheslav F.. Mukhanov,Viatcheslav Mukhanov,Mukhanov Viatcheslav

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521563987

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 2929

Textbook in cosmology covering established and speculative research for advanced students of physics and astrophysics.
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Einführung in die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670920

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 8773

Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgestützter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verfügung, die Rückschlüsse auf immer frühere Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universitäten beständig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einführung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verständliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enthält, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen für Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende Übersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich ergänzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zusätzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.
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Einführung in die Extragalaktische Astronomie und Kosmologie

Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540305890

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 4657

In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.
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History of Astronomy

An Encyclopedia

Author: John Lankford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136508341

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 6832

This Encyclopedia traces the history of the oldest science from the ancient world to the space age in over 300 entries by leading experts.
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Comets, Popular Culture, and the Birth of Modern Cosmology

Author: Sara Schechner,Sara Schechner Genuth

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691009254

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 7579

A lively investigation into the boundaries between popular culture and early-modern science. Until the 17th century, all members of society dreaded comets as heaven-sent portents of disaster. This book leads to the conclusion that long-held views of comets as divine signs were not over-turned by astronomical discoveries, but became the foundation on which modern cosmology was built. 53 photos.
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The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages

Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts

Author: Edward Grant

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521567626

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 1202

This 1997 book views the substantive achievements of the Middle Ages as they relate to early modern science.
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Fundamentals of Cosmology

Author: James Rich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642028004

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 6334

A self-contained introduction to general relativity that is based on the homogeneity and isotropy of the local universe. Emphasis is placed on estimations of the densities of matter and vacuum energy, and on investigations of the primordial density fluctuations and the nature of dark matter.
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Prematurity in Scientific Discovery

On Resistance and Neglect

Author: Ernest B. Hook

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520231061

Category: Philosophy

Page: 378

View: 6662

"In preparing this remarkable book, Ernest Hook persuaded an eminent group of scientists, historians, sociologists and philosophers to focus on the problem: why are some discoveries rejected at a particular time but later seen to be valid? The interaction of these experts did not produce agreement on 'prematurity' in science but something more valuable: a collection of fascinating papers, many of them based on new research and analysis, which sometimes forced the author to revise a previously-held opinion. The book should be enthusiastically welcomed by all readers who are interested in how science works."—Stephen G. Brush, co-author of Physics, The Human Adventure: From copernicus to Einstein and Beyond "Prematurity and Scientific Discovery contains interesting and insightful papers by numerous well-known scientists and scholars. It will be of wide interest, not only to science studies scholars but also to working scientists and to science-literate general readers."—Thomas Nickles, editor of Scientific Discovery, Logic, and Rationality
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Theoretical Foundations of Cosmology

Introduction to the Global Structure of Space-time

Author: Micha? Heller

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810207564

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 7221

The book's principal aim is to clarify fundamental concepts, decipher mathematical structures used to model space-time and relativistic worlds, and to disclose their physical meaning. After each chapter, philosophical implications of the presented material are commented upon.Both special and general theories of relativity are presented in the book with the stress on their global aspects. Although global mathematical methods are extensively used throughout the book, the definitions of new concepts, short comments and examples make reading smooth without the need to consult other textbooks or review papers.
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Foundations of Astronomy

Author: Michael A. Seeds,Dana Backman

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 143905035X

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 9328

FOUNDATIONS OF ASTRONOMY brings science to life. With this newly revised Eleventh Edition of FOUNDATIONS OF ASTRONOMY, best-selling authors Mike Seeds and Dana Backman strive to help students use astronomy to understand science--and use science to understand what we are. Fascinating, engaging, and extremely visual, this text emphasizes the scientific method throughout as it guides students to answer two fundamental questions: What are we? And how do we know? In discussing the interplay between evidence and hypothesis, the authors provide not only fact but also a conceptual framework for understanding the logic of science. The Eleventh Edition addresses the newest developments and latest discoveries in the exciting study of astronomy, including information to emphasize observations over the entire electromagnetic spectrum; new data on star formation and stellar structure; new insight on global warming and ozone depletion; updated information on the Kuiper belt and dwarf planets; and more. Whether you choose to assign homework in an online environment, give your students access to an affordable and interactive online text, or do both, the new FOUNDATIONS OF ASTRONOMY Online Version is the ideal solution for your course needs, giving your students Web-based access to a digital version of the text. In addition, the new online Enhanced WebAssign homework management system enables you to easily assign and manage homework online. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Foundations of Astronomy

Author: Michael Seeds

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495015784

Category: Science

Page: 736

View: 4244

With this newly revised 9th edition of FOUNDATIONS OF ASTRONOMY, Mike Seeds' goal is to help students use astronomy to understand science and use science to understand what we are. Fascinating and engaging, this text illustrates the scientific method and guides students to answer these fundamental questions: What are we? and How do we know? In discussing the interplay between evidence and hypothesis, Seeds provides not just facts, but a conceptual framework for understanding the logic of science. The book vividly conveys his love of astronomy, and illustrates how students can comprehend their place in the universe by grasping a small set of physical laws. Crafting a story about astronomy, Mike shows students how to ask questions to gradually puzzle out the beautiful secrets of the physical world. Mathematics is incorporated into the text (and in separate sections for easy reference), but the book's arguments do not depend on mathematical reasoning, keeping even math-averse students engaged. The revision addresses new developments in astrophysics and cosmology, plus the latest discoveries, including evidence of a new world beyond Pluto and new evidence of dark energy and the acceleration of the universe. Students are also provided with an online assessment tool, called AceAstronomy. Designed specifically to help students prepare for tests and exams, AceAstronomy improves conceptual understanding by providing a personalized learning plan based on a pre-test diagnostic. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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The Physics of the Cosmic Microwave Background

Author: Pavel D. Naselsky,Dmitry I. Novikov,Igor D. Novikov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113945837X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9136

Spectacular observational breakthroughs, particularly by the WMAP satellite, have led to a new epoch of CMB science long after its original discovery. Taking a physical approach, the authors of this volume, which was first published in 2006, probe the problem of the 'darkness' of the Universe: the origin and evolution of dark energy and matter in the cosmos. Starting with the observational background of modern cosmology, they provide an accessible review of this fascinating yet complex subject. Topics discussed include the kinetics of the electromagnetic radiation in the Universe, the ionization history of cosmic plamas, the origin of primordial perturbations in light of the inflation paradigm, and the formation of anisotropy and polarization of the CMB. This fascinating review will be valuable to advanced students and researchers in cosmology.
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Neutron and X-ray Optics

Author: Jay Theodore Cremer, Jr.

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0124071597

Category: Science

Page: 1124

View: 3911

Covering a wide range of topics related to neutron and x-ray optics, this book explores the aspects of neutron and x-ray optics and their associated background and applications in a manner accessible to both lower-level students while retaining the detail necessary to advanced students and researchers. It is a self-contained book with detailed mathematical derivations, background, and physical concepts presented in a linear fashion. A wide variety of sources were consulted and condensed to provide detailed derivations and coverage of the topics of neutron and x-ray optics as well as the background material needed to understand the physical and mathematical reasoning directly related or indirectly related to the theory and practice of neutron and x-ray optics. The book is written in a clear and detailed manner, making it easy to follow for a range of readers from undergraduate and graduate science, engineering, and medicine. It will prove beneficial as a standalone reference or as a complement to textbooks. Supplies a historical context of covered topics. Detailed presentation makes information easy to understand for researchers within or outside the field. Incorporates reviews of all relevant literature in one convenient resource.
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The Road to Galaxy Formation

Author: William C. Keel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852335748

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 8452

Written by one of the leading authorities in the field, this is one of the first book's to describe one of today's most important problems in cosmology - the formation of galaxies. The book tackles this great puzzle by discusses the beginnings of the process from cosmological observations and calculations, considers the broad features of galaxies that we need to explain and what we know of their later history. The author compares the competing theories for galaxy formation and considers the progress expected from new generations of powerful telescopes both on earth and in space. An intriguing text on one of today's greatest and most profound puzzles.
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