Foundations of Modern Cosmology

Author: John F. Hawley,Katherine A. Holcomb

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019853096X

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 8440

Recent discoveries in astronomy have revolutionized the field of cosmology. While many long-standing questions in cosmology have now been answered, the new data pose new mysteries such as the nature of the "dark energy" that dominates the universe. This second edition provides an accessible and thorough text on the physics of cosmology and a lively account of the modern concordance model of the universe, from the big bang to a distant future dominated by dark energy.
Release

Foundations of Modern Cosmology

Author: John F. Hawley,Katherine A. Holcomb

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191606952

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 4196

Recent discoveries in astronomy, especially those made with data collected by satellites such as the Hubble Space Telescope and the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, have revolutionized the science of cosmology. These new observations offer the possibility that some long-standing mysteries in cosmology might be answered, including such fundamental questions as the ultimate fate of the universe. Foundations of modern cosmology provides an accessible, thorough and descriptive introduction to the physical basis for modern cosmological theory, from the big bang to a distant future dominated by dark energy. This second edition includes the latest observational results and provides the detailed background material necessary to understand their implications, with a focus on the specific model supported by these observations, the concordance model. Consistent with the book's title, emphasis is given to the scientific framework for cosmology, particularly the basics concepts of physics that underlie modern theories of relativity and cosmology; the importance of data and observations is stressed throughout. The book sketches the historical background of cosmology, and provides a review of the relevant basic physics and astronomy. After this introduction, both special and general relativity are treated, before proceeding to an in-depth discussion of the big bang theory and physics of the early universe. The book includes current research areas, including dark matter and structure formation, dark energy, the inflationary universe, and quantum cosmology. The authors' website (http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~jh8h/Foundations) offers a wealth of supplemental information, including questions and answers, references to other sources, and updates on the latest discoveries.
Release

Foundations of Modern Cosmology

Author: John F. Hawley,Katherine A. Holcomb

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191606952

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 8911

Recent discoveries in astronomy, especially those made with data collected by satellites such as the Hubble Space Telescope and the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, have revolutionized the science of cosmology. These new observations offer the possibility that some long-standing mysteries in cosmology might be answered, including such fundamental questions as the ultimate fate of the universe. Foundations of modern cosmology provides an accessible, thorough and descriptive introduction to the physical basis for modern cosmological theory, from the big bang to a distant future dominated by dark energy. This second edition includes the latest observational results and provides the detailed background material necessary to understand their implications, with a focus on the specific model supported by these observations, the concordance model. Consistent with the book's title, emphasis is given to the scientific framework for cosmology, particularly the basics concepts of physics that underlie modern theories of relativity and cosmology; the importance of data and observations is stressed throughout. The book sketches the historical background of cosmology, and provides a review of the relevant basic physics and astronomy. After this introduction, both special and general relativity are treated, before proceeding to an in-depth discussion of the big bang theory and physics of the early universe. The book includes current research areas, including dark matter and structure formation, dark energy, the inflationary universe, and quantum cosmology. The authors' website (http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~jh8h/Foundations) offers a wealth of supplemental information, including questions and answers, references to other sources, and updates on the latest discoveries.
Release

Physical Foundations of Cosmology

Author: V. F. Mukhanov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521563987

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 1300

Textbook in cosmology covering established and speculative research for advanced students of physics and astrophysics.
Release

Encyclopedia of Cosmology (Routledge Revivals)

Historical, Philosophical, and Scientific Foundations of Modern Cosmology

Author: Norriss S. Hetherington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317677668

Category: Science

Page: 686

View: 1448

The Encyclopedia of Cosmology, first published in 1993, recounts the history, philosophical assumptions, methodological ambiguities, and human struggles that have influenced the various responses to the basic questions of cosmology through the ages, as well as referencing important scientific theories. Just as the recognition of social conventions in other cultures can lead to a more productive perspective on our own behaviour, so too a study of the cosmologies of other times and places can enable us recognise elements of our own cosmology that might otherwise pass as inevitable developments. Apart from modern natural science, therefore, this volume incorporates brief treatments of Native American, Cave-Dweller, Chinese, Egyptian, Islamic, Megalithic, Mesopotamian, Greek, Medieval and Copernican cosmology, leading to an appreciation of cosmology as an intellectual creation, not merely a collection of facts. It is a valuable reference tool for any student or academic with an interest in the history of science and cosmology specifically.
Release

Modern Cosmology

Author: Scott Dodelson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780122191411

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 3775

An advanced text for senior undergraduates, graduate students and physical scientists in fields outside cosmology. This is a self-contained book focusing on the linear theory of the evolution of density perturbations in the universe, and the anisotropiesin the cosmic microwave background.
Release

Cosmology

Author: Steven Weinberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198526822

Category: Nature

Page: 593

View: 8805

This is a uniquely comprehensive and detailed treatment of the theoretical and observational foundations of modern cosmology, by a Nobel Laureate in Physics. It gives up-to-date and self contained accounts of the theories and observations that have made the past few decades a golden age of cosmology.
Release

Cosmology

Author: Michael Rowan-Robinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198527473

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 4102

This is a substantially revised and updates new edition of a classic introductory textbook. Although there are a wealth of cosmology texts at postgraduate level, Cosmology remains the classic introduction to modern cosmology for undergraduates. While designed as the main text for a course given at second or third year level, it is sufficiently self-contained for anyone with school science to understand. There is a strong emphasis on observational cosmology, with introductory chapters on the visible universe, our galaxy and other galaxies and the empirical basis for cosmological theory. After an account of the big bang model, there are chapters on the early stages of the big bang and galaxy formation. Finally, there are chapters on cosmological tests and on alternative theories. One feature of the book it its updated epilogue of twenty controversies on cosmology today. The latest results from the WMAP mission are included and a wealth of new material, including a stronger emphasis on the cosmological constant. It has an extensive glossary and the exercises have been substantially expanded. A stronger emphasis on the physical basis for cosmology is included throughout.
Release

The Philosophy of Cosmology

Author: Khalil Chamcham,Joseph Silk,John D. Barrow,Simon Saunders

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107145392

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 585

Following a long-term international collaboration between leaders in cosmology and the philosophy of science, this volume addresses foundational questions at the limit of science across these disciplines, questions raised by observational and theoretical progress in modern cosmology. Space missions have mapped the Universe up to its early instants, opening up questions on what came before the Big Bang, the nature of space and time, and the quantum origin of the Universe. As the foundational volume of an emerging academic discipline, experts from relevant fields lay out the fundamental problems of contemporary cosmology and explore the routes toward finding possible solutions. Written for graduates and researchers in physics and philosophy, particular efforts are made to inform academics from other fields, as well as the educated public, who wish to understand our modern vision of the Universe, related philosophical questions, and the significant impacts on scientific methodology.
Release

Fundamentals of Cosmology

Author: James Rich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642028004

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 7409

A self-contained introduction to general relativity that is based on the homogeneity and isotropy of the local universe. Emphasis is placed on estimations of the densities of matter and vacuum energy, and on investigations of the primordial density fluctuations and the nature of dark matter.
Release

Foundations of Perturbative QCD

Author: John Collins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500627

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7936

The most non-trivial of the established microscopic theories of physics is QCD: the theory of the strong interaction. A critical link between theory and experiment is provided by the methods of perturbative QCD, notably the well-known factorization theorems. Giving an accurate account of the concepts, theorems and their justification, this book is a systematic treatment of perturbative QCD. As well as giving a mathematical treatment, the book relates the concepts to experimental data, giving strong motivations for the methods. It also examines in detail transverse-momentum-dependent parton densities, an increasingly important subject not normally treated in other books. Ideal for graduate students starting their work in high-energy physics, it will also interest experienced researchers wanting a clear account of the subject.
Release

Cosmological Physics

Author: J. A. Peacock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521422703

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 6715

An eagerly-awaited, comprehensive and authoritative introduction to contemporary cosmology; for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
Release

An Introduction to Modern Cosmology

Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118690257

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 2436

An Introduction to Modern Cosmology Third Edition is an accessible account of modern cosmological ideas. The Big Bang Cosmology is explored, looking at its observational successes in explaining the expansion of the Universe, the existence and properties of the cosmic microwave background, and the origin of light elements in the universe. Properties of the very early Universe are also covered, including the motivation for a rapid period of expansion known as cosmological inflation. The third edition brings this established undergraduate textbook up-to-date with the rapidly evolving observational situation. This fully revised edition of a bestseller takes an approach which is grounded in physics with a logical flow of chapters leading the reader from basic ideas of the expansion described by the Friedman equations to some of the more advanced ideas about the early universe. It also incorporates up-to-date results from the Planck mission, which imaged the anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation over the whole sky. The Advanced Topic sections present subjects with more detailed mathematical approaches to give greater depth to discussions. Student problems with hints for solving them and numerical answers are embedded in the chapters to facilitate the reader’s understanding and learning. Cosmology is now part of the core in many degree programs. This current, clear and concise introductory text is relevant to a wide range of astronomy programs worldwide and is essential reading for undergraduates and Masters students, as well as anyone starting research in cosmology. Supplementary material, including full-colour images, updates and links for students and instructors, is available on the author’s website: http://www.roe.ac.uk/~arl/.
Release

The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages

Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts

Author: Edward Grant

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521567626

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 3092

This 1997 book views the substantive achievements of the Middle Ages as they relate to early modern science.
Release

Principles of Physical Cosmology

Author: Phillip James Edwin Peebles

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691019338

Category: Science

Page: 718

View: 5217

During the last twenty years, dramatic improvements in methods of observing astrophysical phenomena from the ground and in space have added to our knowledge of what the universe is like now and what it was like in the past, going back to the hot big bang. In this overview of today's physical cosmology, P.J.E. Peebles shows how observation has combined with theoretical elements to establish the subject as a mature science, while he also discusses the most notable recent attempts to understand the origin and structure of the universe. A successor to Peebles's classic volume Physical Cosmology (Princeton, 1971), the book is a comprehensive overview addressed not only to students but also to scientists active in fields outside cosmology. The first chapter of the work presents the elements of physical cosmology, including the history of the discovery of the expanding universe. The second, on the cosmological tests that measure the geometry of spacetime, discusses general relativity theory as the basis for the tests, and then surveys the broad variety of ways the tests can be applied with the new generations of telescopes and detectors. The third chapter deals with the origin of galaxies and the large-scale structure of the universe, and reviews ideas about how the evolution of the universe might be traced back to very early epochs when structure originated. Each section of these chapters begins with an introduction that can be understood with no special knowledge beyond undergraduate physics, and then progresses to more specialized topics. P.J.E. Peebles is Albert Einstein Professor of Science at Princeton University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Royal Society.
Release

Cosmos

An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology

Author: John North

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226594416

Category: Science

Page: 876

View: 2670

The definitive history of humanity's search to find its place within the universe. North charts the history of astronomy and cosmology from the Paleolithic period to the present day.
Release

The Sense of the Universe

Philosophical Explication of Theological Commitment in Modern Cosmology

Author: Alexei V. Nesteruk

Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishers

ISBN: 145147038X

Category: Religion

Page: 545

View: 8904

The Sense of the Universe deals with existential and phenomenological reflection upon modern cosmology with the aim to reveal hidden theological commitments in cosmology related to the mystery of human existence. The book proposes a new approach to the dialogue between science and theology based in a thorough philosophical analysis of acting forms of subjectivity involved in the study of the world and in religious experience. The book contributes to the synthesis of appropriation and incorporation of modern philosophical ideas in Christian theology, in particular its Eastern Orthodox form.
Release

Introduction to Cosmology

Author: Barbara Ryden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107154839

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 9924

A substantial update of this award-winning and highly regarded cosmology textbook, for advanced undergraduates in physics and astronomy.
Release

Leopards of the Magical Dawn: Science and the Cosmological Foundations of Igbo Culture

Author: Nze Chukwukadibia E. Nwafor

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1312165146

Category: Art

Page: 210

View: 6167

Our present world, with its blunt identity of a hyper technological age—is finally gearing up to make the leap into the great, primordial ocean of spirituality. This occasion has seen to the resurgence of the ancient spiritual sciences of indigenous cultures, as well as creating room for the revelation of new streams of higher knowledge, meant to assist humanity in her return to the primal state of clarity and spiritual liberation. Accordingly, Africa’s unique knowledge systems are quietly regaining the center stage of interest for investors, thinkers, teachers and innovators all over the world. The Igbo people and their unique culture represents a mercurial bridge of time, with potentials of linking the contemporary mind to the mystic realms from whence original knowledge of the human phenomenon can be profoundly grasped and brought down to earth for practical applications of many vital interests. In this work, Nze Chukwukadibia E. Nwafor, a reincarnated Eze Dibia of Umunze descent, distills the knowledge, wisdom and experiences of nine life-times of intense spiritual work, culminating in a unique exegesis of Igbo reality and cultural phenomenon. Infusing his elucidations with an almost acute awareness of contemporary realities, Nwafor expounds on the very heart of an original African culture and associated practices, dating back to the earliest periods of humanity’s journey.
Release

The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science

A Historical and Critical Essay

Author: Edwin Arthur Burtt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415225670

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 8428

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Release