Forced Migration and Global Politics

Author: Alexander Betts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444315875

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1001

Using real-world examples and in-depth case studies, ForcedMigration and Global Politics systematically appliesInternational Relations theory to explore the internationalpolitics of forced migration. Provides an accessible and thought-provoking introduction tothe main debates and concepts in international relations andexamines their relevance for understanding forced migration Utilizes a wide-range of real-world examples and in-depth casestudies, including the harmonization of EU asylum and immigrationpolicy and the securitization of asylum since 9/11 Explores the relevance of cutting-edge debates in internationalrelations to forced migration
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Refugees in International Relations

Author: Alexander Betts,Gil Loescher

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199595623

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 2438

Drawing together the work and ideas of a combination of the world's leading and emerging International Relations scholars, Refugees in International Relations provides a comprehensive and challenging overview of the international politics of forced migration.
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The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199652430

Category: Social Science

Page: 747

View: 3991

"This Handbook critically traces the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and vividly illustrates the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice. The contributions highlight the key challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world, as well as identifying new directions for research in the field. Since emerging as a distinct field of study in the early 1980s, Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being of concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy analysts to become a global field with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement, either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer interdisciplinary programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences". --Publisher.
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Global Migration Governance

Author: Alexander Betts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199600457

Category: Law

Page: 343

View: 5325

In the context of the growing politicization of migration a debate has emerged in policy and academia on the need to develop global governance on migration to facilitate better inter-state cooperation. This book provides an introduction to the institutions, politics, and normative dimensions of different aspects of international migration
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Was ist ein Migrationsregime? What Is a Migration Regime?

Author: Andreas Pott,Christoph Rass,Frank Wolff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658205326

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 2136

Der Begriff des Migrationsregimes erfreut sich großer Beliebtheit. Er verspricht einen analytischen Zugriff auf die Komplexität der Beziehung von Migration und Regulation. Dabei wird er jedoch sehr unterschiedlich genutzt und gedeutet. Die Herausgeber des Sammelbandes verstehen diese Vielstimmigkeit als einen Aufruf zur Debatte. Aufbauend auf einem längeren Austauschprozess auf Tagungen und Workshops haben sie Forscher*innen, die zentrale Fachrichtungen einer interdisziplinären Migrationsforschung und deren unterschiedliche Perspektiven vertreten, eingeladen, die Grundannahmen, Potentiale und Herausforderungen des Ansatzes zu diskutieren. Die so versammelten kritischen Einsichten in ein Schlüsselkonzept der modernen Migrationswissenschaft leuchten Wege aus, wie Fragen von Machtverteilung, Agency und Aushandlung systematischer in die Migrationsforschung einbezogen werden können.
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Internationale Migration

Author: Khalid Koser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186930

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 204

View: 8261

"Es gibt aktuell auf der Welt mehr Migranten denn jemals zuvor; Kriege und Bürgerkriege sind genauso Gründe dafür wie Armut, wirtschaftliche Ansprüche oder gar Unternehmensgeist. Neu ist das Phänomen gleichwohl nicht, es hat die Geschichte von Kulturen und Staaten immer schon mitgeprägt. Khalid Koser, ein international gefragter Migrationsexperte des Genfer Zentrums für Sicherheitspolitik, stellt das Phänomen mit all seinen Problemen und Auswirkungen knapp, abgewogen und differenziert dar, widerlegt zahlreiche dazu umlaufende Mythen und plädiert dafür, den Wert der Migration für Volkswirtschaften und Kulturen zu erkennen und zu würdigen."--Verl.
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Nationhood, Migration and Global Politics

An Introduction

Author: Raymond Taras

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 1474413439

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 3472

Uses philosophical thinking on delayed cinema, time and ethics to provide a new approach to reading film
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Die neue Odyssee

Eine Geschichte der europäischen Flüchtlingskrise

Author: Patrick Kingsley

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406692281

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 1132

Europa ist mit der größten Migrationsbewegung seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs konfrontiert – und niemand hat intensiver über diese Krise berichtet als Patrick Kingsley. Der erst 26 Jahre alte Reporter des "Guardian" hat 2015 drei Kontinente und 17 Länder bereist, Hunderte von Migranten getroffen und mit ihnen die Fluchtrouten durch Wüsten, über Berge und Meere zurückgelegt. Dieses Buch erzählt ihre Geschichte. Patrick Kingsley legt ein hohes Tempo vor. Er reist mit dem Syrer Hashem al-Souki auf dem Zug, trinkt selbstgebrannten (und verbotenen) Schnaps mit dem libyschen Menschenschmuggler Haji, der einmal Jurastudent war, marschiert mit Fattemah Abu al-Rouse, der schwangeren syrischen Lehrerin, die Angst hat, ihr Kind zu verlieren, durch die Wildnis des Balkans, ist an Bord eines Bootes im Mittelmeer. Er schildert, wie das Multi-Millionen-Dollar-Geschäft mit dem Menschenhandel in Libyen, der Türkei und Ägypten organisiert wird. Er zeigt, wie lokale Kaufleute und korrupte Politiker in Italien vom Elend der Menschen profitieren. Er beschreibt die Fluchtrouten, hinterfragt die Ursachen der Krise und die Gründe für die bedrückende Reaktion so vieler Europäer. "Die neue Odyssee" ist ein großartiges Buch, das niemand so leicht vergisst, der es gelesen hat.
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Homo sacer

Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben

Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351878420X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2575

Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.
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Survival Migration

Failed Governance and the Crisis of Displacement

Author: Alexander Betts

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801468957

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5434

International treaties, conventions, and organizations to protect refugees were established in the aftermath of World War II to protect people escaping targeted persecution by their own governments. However, the nature of cross-border displacement has transformed dramatically since then. Such threats as environmental change, food insecurity, and generalized violence force massive numbers of people to flee states that are unable or unwilling to ensure their basic rights, as do conditions in failed and fragile states that make possible human rights deprivations. Because these reasons do not meet the legal understanding of persecution, the victims of these circumstances are not usually recognized as “refugees,” preventing current institutions from ensuring their protection. In this book, Alexander Betts develops the concept of “survival migration” to highlight the crisis in which these people find themselves. Examining flight from three of the most fragile states in Africa—Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Somalia—Betts explains variation in institutional responses across the neighboring host states. There is massive inconsistency. Some survival migrants are offered asylum as refugees; others are rounded up, detained, and deported, often in brutal conditions. The inadequacies of the current refugee regime are a disaster for human rights and gravely threaten international security. In Survival Migration, Betts outlines these failings, illustrates the enormous human suffering that results, and argues strongly for an expansion of protected categories.
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Controlling Immigration

A Global Perspective, Third Edition

Author: James Hollifield,Philip L. Martin,Pia Orrenius

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804787352

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 5526

The third edition of this major work provides a systematic, comparative assessment of the efforts of a selection of major countries, including the U.S., to deal with immigration and immigrant issues— paying particular attention to the ever-widening gap between their migration policy goals and outcomes. Retaining its comprehensive coverage of nations built by immigrants and those with a more recent history of immigration, the new edition pays particular attention to the tensions created by post-colonial immigration, and explores how countries have attempted to control the entry and employment of legal and illegal Third World immigrants, how they cope with the social and economic integration of these new waves of immigrants, and how they deal with forced migration.
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Protection by Persuasion

International Cooperation in the Refugee Regime

Author: Alexander Betts

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801457157

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 6470

States located near crisis zones are most likely to see an influx of people fleeing from manmade disasters; African states, for instance, are forced to accommodate and adjust to refugees more often than do European states far away from sites of upheaval. Geography dictates that states least able to pay the costs associated with refugees are those most likely to have them cross their borders. Therefore, refugee protection has historically been characterized by a North-South impasse. While Southern states have had to open their borders to refugees fleeing conflict or human rights abuses in neighboring states, Northern states have had little obligation or incentive to contribute to protecting refugees in the South. In recent years, however, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has sought to foster greater international cooperation within the global refugee regime through special conferences at which Northern states are pushed to contribute to the costs of protection for refugees in the South. These initiatives, Alexander Betts finds in Protection by Persuasion, can overcome the North-South impasse and lead to significant cooperation. Betts shows that Northern states will contribute to such efforts when they recognize a substantive relationship between refugee protection in the South and their own interests in such issues as security, immigration, and trade. Highlighting the mechanisms through which UNHCR has been able to persuade Northern states that such links exist, Protection by Persuasion makes clear that refugee protection is a global concern, most effectively addressed when geographic realities are overridden by the perception of interdependence.
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Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century

Author: K. Khory

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137007125

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3509

Immigration today evokes passionate debates over questions of national identity, state sovereignty, and citizenship. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for individuals, states, and societies grappling with questions of identity, belonging, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.
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Globalisation and Migration

New Issues, New Politics

Author: Ronaldo Munck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317990714

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 902

This book critically examines the new issues and new politics regarding migration in the era of globalisation from a majority world perspective. It examines the current shifts in the global political economy and the effects it has, for example, in relation to rural displacement. When and how does this lead to national and/or transnational migration? We need to examine the ways in which migration is cut across and impacts on the generation of racism and xenophobia in the west. The issue of remittances by migrants to the ‘developing’ nations needs careful study as does the controversial issue of ‘brain drain’ versus ‘brain gain’ through migration. The growing importance of trafficking for forced labour has now been taken up by various international bodies but is it the new normality or simply an unfortunate side effect of globalisation to be overcome through legislation? Migration is becoming increasingly gendered in its composition and flows but also in the receiving countries where men and women do very different jobs. We can predict the increasing racialization and gendering of migration but how will the state and society respond to these shifts? This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
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Gestrandet

Warum unsere Flüchtlingspolitik allen schadet - und was jetzt zu tun ist

Author: Alexander Betts,Paul Collier

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641206596

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5183

Eine neue Flüchtlingspolitik für eine veränderte Welt Mehr als 65 Millionen Menschen sind weltweit auf der Flucht. Doch die Instrumente und Institutionen, mit denen wir auf diese humanitäre Herausforderung reagieren, sind hoffnungslos veraltet und haben für Millionen Flüchtlinge fatale Folgen. Die beiden Experten für Flüchtlingsfragen Paul Collier und Alexander Betts zeigen, warum eine Politik der offenen Tür ebenso gefährlich ist wie Abschottung. Anhand konkreter Beispiele machen sie deutlich, wie wir den Menschen auf der Flucht wirklich helfen können. Seit Jahren wird die Flüchtlingspolitik weltweit von einer »Politik des herzlosen Kopfes« bestimmt – bevor sie sich im Sommer 2015, vor allem in Deutschland, dann plötzlich in eine »Politik des kopflosen Herzens« verwandelte. Beides ist gefährlich, für die Flüchtlinge, die aufnehmenden Länder und die Heimatländer der Fliehenden. Statt wahllos Menschen ins Land zu lassen oder sie jahrzehntelang in Lagern oder Unterkünften zu verwahren, brauchen wir einen anderen Umgang mit Flüchtlingen. Wir müssen sie in die Lage versetzen, rasch wieder für sich selbst zu sorgen – und möglichst schnell in ihre Heimat zurückzukehren. Paul Collier und Alexander Betts ziehen in ihrem Buch eine schonungslose Bilanz der aktuellen Flüchtlingspolitik und zeigen, wie neue Regeln und Institutionen aussehen können, die ethische, humanitäre und ökonomische Überlegungen vereinen.
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The Political Economy of Refugee Migration and Foreign Aid

Author: Mathias Czaika

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230576889

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 3687

This book inquires the determinants of forced migration, describes the distribution of burdens from forced migration across countries, and analyzes the strategic interaction of national refugee policies to control refugee flows. Emphasis is put on the role of asymmetries between countries with respect to their preferences regarding immigrants, the costs incurred by immigrants, their stage of development and especially their geographical position as neighboring first asylum country or Western asylum country. Special attention is given to one policy instrument to control refugee migration flows, namely foreign aid. The book attempts to answer questions such as: What are the driving factors of forced migration movements? How can refugee burdens be assessed and compared across different types of host countries? Who are the actors in international refugee protection and management, and how do they act? And finally, how does the phenomenon of international refugee movements, and specifically how do asylum seekers, influence the aid allocation politics of Western industrialized countries?
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Engendering Forced Migration

Theory and Practice

Author: Doreen Marie Indra

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571811356

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 6355

At the turn of the new millenium, war, political oppression, desperate poverty, environmental degradation and disasters, and economic underdevelopment are sharply increasing the ranks of the world's twenty million forced migrants. In this volume, eighteen scholars provide a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary look beyond the statistics at the experiences of the women, men, girls, and boys who comprise this global flow, and at the highly gendered forces that frame and affect them. In theorizing gender and forced migration, these authors present a set of descriptively rich, gendered case studies drawn from around the world on topics ranging from international human rights, to the culture of aid, to the complex ways in which women and men envision displacement and resettlement.
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Zimbabwe's New Diaspora

Displacement and the Cultural Politics of Survival

Author: JoAnn McGregor,Ranka Primorac

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845456580

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 9338

Zimbabwe’s crisis since 2000 has produced a dramatic global scattering of people. This volume investigates this enforced dispersal, and the processes shaping the emergence of a new "diaspora" of Zimbabweans abroad, focusing on the most important concentrations in South Africa and in Britain. Not only is this the first book on the diasporic connections created through Zimbabwe’s multifaceted crisis, but it also offers an innovative combination of research on the political, economic, cultural and legal dimensions of movement across borders and survival thereafter with a discussion of shifting identities and cultural change. It highlights the ways in which new movements are connected to older flows, and how displacements across physical borders are intimately linked to the reworking of conceptual borders in both sending and receiving states. The book is essential reading for researchers/students in migration, diaspora and postcolonial literary studies.
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Blurring Boundaries: Human Security and Forced Migration

Author: Stefan Salomon,Lisa Heschl,Gerd Oberleitner,Wolfgang Benedek

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004326871

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 2470

In Blurring Boundaries scholars from law and social sciences offer a critical account of the main topics of forced migration and advance a much-needed fresh view on forced migration through the lens of human security.
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