Fluid Mechanics

Author: Frank Mangrom White,Rhim Yoon Chul

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789814720175

Category: Fluid mechanics

Page: 773

View: 3018


Fluid Mechanics

Author: Frank M. White

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780071286466

Category: Fluid mechanics

Page: 864

View: 3549

Whites Fluid Mechanics sixth edition will continue the text's tradition of excellent problems of different types, precision and accuracy, and good application of concepts to engineering. The new 6th edition will feature the best general problem-solving approach to date, presented at the start of the book and carefully integrated in all examples. Students can progress from general ones to those involving design, multiple steps and computer usage. Word problems are included to build readers' conceptual understanding of the subject, and FE Exam problems (in multiple-choice format) are included.

Fluid Mechanics

Fundamentals and Applications, Si Version

Author: Yunus A. Çengel,John M. Cimbala

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780071257640

Category: DVDs

Page: 956

View: 9398

Covers the basic principles and equations of fluid mechanics in the context of several real-world engineering examples. This book helps students develop an intuitive understanding of fluid mechanics by emphasizing the physics, and by supplying figures, numerous photographs and visual aids to reinforce the physics.

Fluid Mechanics Fundamental and Applications, Cengel & Cimbala, 2006

Fluid Mechanics Fundamental and Applications

Author: The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia


Category: Science

Page: 2036

View: 6320

BACKGROUND Fluid mechanics is an exciting and fascinating subject with unlimited practical applications ranging from microscopic biological systems to automobiles, airplanes, and spacecraft propulsion. Yet fluid mechanics has historically been one of the most challenging subjects for undergraduate students. Unlike earlier freshman- and sophomore-level subjects such as physics, chemistry, and engineering mechanics, where students often learn equations and then “plug and chug” on their calculators, proper analysis of a problem in fluid mechanics requires much more. Oftentimes, students must first assess the problem, make and justify assumptions and/or approximations, apply the relevant physical laws in their proper forms, and solve the resulting equations before ever plugging any numbers into their calculators. Many problems in fluid mechanics require more than just knowledge of the subject, but also physical intuition and experience. Our hope is that this book, through its careful explanations of concepts and its use of numerous practical examples, sketches, figures, and photographs, bridges the gap between knowledge and proper application of that knowledge. Fluid mechanics is a mature subject; the basic equations and approximations are well established and can be found in numerous introductory fluid mechanics books. The books are distinguished from one another in the way the material is presented. An accessible fluid mechanics book should present the material in a progressive order from simple to more difficult, building each chapter upon foundations laid down in previous chapters. In this way, even the traditionally challenging aspects of fluid mechanics can be learned effectively. Fluid mechanics is by its very nature a highly visual subject, and students learn more readily by visual stimulation. It is therefore imperative that a good fluid mechanics book also provide quality figures, photographs, and visual aids that help to explain the significance and meaning of the mathematical expressions. O B J E C T I V E S This book is intended for use as a textbook in the first fluid mechanics course for undergraduate engineering students in their junior or senior year. Students are assumed to have an adequate background in calculus, physics, engineering mechanics, and thermodynamics. The objectives of this text are • To cover the basic principles and equations of fluid mechanics • To present numerous and diverse real-world engineering examples to give students a feel for how fluid mechanics is applied in engineering practice • To develop an intuitive understanding of fluid mechanics by emphasizing the physics, and by supplying attractive figures and visual aids to reinforce the physics The text contains sufficient material to give instructors flexibility as to which topics to emphasize. For example, aeronautics and aerospace engineering instructors may emphasize potential flow, drag and lift, compressible flow, turbomachinery, and CFD, while mechanical and civil engineering instructors may choose to emphasize pipe flows and open-channel flows, respectively. The book has been written with enough breadth of coverage that it can be used for a two-course sequence in fluid mechanics if desired. PHILOSOPHY AND GOAL We have adopted the same philosophy as that of the texts Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach by Y. A. Çengel and M. A. Boles, Heat Transfer: A Practical Approach by Y. A. Çengel, and Fundamentals of Thermal-Fluid Sciences by Y. A. Çengel and R. H. Turner, all published by McGraw-Hill. Namely, our goal is to offer an engineering textbook that • Communicates directly to the minds of tomorrow’s engineers in a simple yet precise manner • Leads students toward a clear understanding and firm grasp of the basic principles of fluid mechanics • Encourages creative thinking and development of a deeper understanding and intuitive feel for fluid mechanics • Is read by students with interest and enthusiasm rather than merely as an aid to solve problems It is our philosophy that the best way to learn is by practice. Therefore, special effort is made throughout the book to reinforce material that was presented earlier (both earlier in the chapter and in previous chapters). For example, many of the illustrated example problems and end-of-chapter problems are comprehensive, forcing the student to review concepts learned in previous chapters. Throughout the book, we show examples generated by computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and we provide an introductory chapter on CFD. Our goal is not to teach details about numerical algorithms associated with CFD—this is more properly presented in a separate course, typically at the graduate level. Rather, it is our intent to introduce undergraduate students to the capabilities and limitations of CFD as an engineering tool.We use CFD solutions in much the same way as we use experimental results from a wind tunnel test, i.e., to reinforce understanding of the physics of fluid flows and to provide quality flow visualizations that help to explain fluid behavior. CONTENT AND ORGANIZAT I O N This book is organized into 15 chapters beginning with fundamental concepts of fluids and fluid flows and ending with an introduction to computational fluid dynamics, the application of which is rapidly becoming more commonplace, even at the undergraduate level. • Chapter 1 provides a basic introduction to fluids, classifications of fluid flow, control volume versus system formulations, dimensions, units, significant digits, and problem-solving techniques. • Chapter 2 is devoted to fluid properties such as density, vapor pressure, specific heats, viscosity, and surface tension. • Chapter 3 deals with fluid statics and pressure, including manometers and barometers, hydrostatic forces on submerged surfaces, buoyancy and stability, and fluids in rigid-body motion. • Chapter 4 covers topics related to fluid kinematics, such as the differences between Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions of fluid flows, flow patterns, flow visualization, vorticity and rotationality, and the Reynolds transport theorem. • Chapter 5 introduces the fundamental conservation laws of mass, momentum, and energy, with emphasis on the proper use of the mass, Bernoulli, and energy equations and the engineering applications of these equations. • Chapter 6 applies the Reynolds transport theorem to linear momentum and angular momentum and emphasizes practical engineering applications of the finite control volume momentum analysis. • Chapter 7 reinforces the concept of dimensional homogeneity and introduces the Buckingham Pi theorem of dimensional analysis, dynamic similarity, and the method of repeating variables—material that is useful throughout the rest of the book and in many disciplines in science and engineering. • Chapter 8 is devoted to flow in pipes and ducts. We discuss the differences between laminar and turbulent flow, friction losses in pipes and ducts, and minor losses in piping networks. We also explain how to properly select a pump or fan to match a piping network. Finally, we discuss various experimental devices that are used to measure flow rate and velocity. • Chapter 9 deals with differential analysis of fluid flow and includes derivation and application of the continuity equation, the Cauchy equation, and the Navier–Stokes equation. We also introduce the stream function and describe its usefulness in analysis of fluid flows. • Chapter 10 discusses several approximations of the Navier–Stokes equations and provides example solutions for each approximation, including creeping flow, inviscid flow, irrotational (potential) flow, and boundary layers. • Chapter 11 covers forces on bodies (drag and lift), explaining the distinction between friction and pressure drag, and providing drag coefficients for many common geometries. This chapter emphasizes the practical application of wind tunnel measurements coupled with dynamic similarity and dimensional analysis concepts introduced earlier in Chapter 7. • Chapter 12 extends fluid flow analysis to compressible flow, where the behavior of gases is greatly affected by the Mach number, and the concepts of expansion waves, normal and oblique shock waves, and choked flow are introduced. • Chapter 13 deals with open-channel flow and some of the unique features associated with the flow of liquids with a free surface, such as surface waves and hydraulic jumps. • Chapter 14 examines turbomachinery in more detail, including pumps, fans, and turbines. An emphasis is placed on how pumps and turbines work, rather than on their detailed design. We also discuss overall pump and turbine design, based on dynamic similarity laws and simplified velocity vector analyses. • Chapter 15 describes the fundamental concepts of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and shows students how to use commercial CFD codes as a tool to solve complex fluid mechanics problems. We emphasize the application of CFD rather than the algorithms used in CFD codes. Each chapter contains a large number of end-of-chapter homework problems suitable for use by instructors. Most of the problems that involve calculations are in SI units, but approximately 20 percent are written in English units. Finally, a comprehensive set of appendices is provided, giving the thermodynamic and fluid properties of several materials, not just air and water as in most introductory fluids texts. Many of the end-of-chapter problems require use of the properties found in these appendices. LEARNING TOOLS EMPHASIS ON PHYSICS A distinctive feature of this book is its emphasis on the physical aspects of the subject matter in addition to mathematical representations and manipulations. The authors believe that the emphasis in undergraduate education should remain on developing a sense of underlying physical mechanisms and a mastery of solving practical problems that an engineer is likely to face in the real world. Developing an intuitive understanding should also make the course a more motivating and worthwhile experience for the students. EFFECTIVE USE OF ASSOCIATION An observant mind should have no difficulty understanding engineering sciences. After all, the principles of engineering sciences are based on our everyday experiences and experimental observations. Therefore, a physical, intuitive approach is used throughout this text. Frequently, parallels are drawn between the subject matter and students’ everyday experiences so that they can relate the subject matter to what they already know. SELF-INSTRUCTING The material in the text is introduced at a level that an average student can follow comfortably. It speaks to students, not over students. In fact, it is selfinstructive. Noting that the principles of science are based on experimental observations, most of the derivations in this text are largely based on physical arguments, and thus they are easy to follow and understand. EXTENSIVE USE OF ARTWORK Figures are important learning tools that help the students “get the picture,” and the text makes effective use of graphics. It contains more figures and illustrations than any other book in this category. Figures attract attention and stimulate curiosity and interest. Most of the figures in this text are intended to serve as a means of emphasizing some key concepts that would otherwise go unnoticed; some serve as page summaries. CHAPTER OPENERS AND SUMMARIES Each chapter begins with an overview of the material to be covered. A summary is included at the end of each chapter, providing a quick review of basic concepts and important relations, and pointing out the relevance of the material. NUMEROUS WORKED-OUT EXAMPLES WITH A SYSTEMATIC SOLUTIONS PROCEDURE Each chapter contains several worked-out examples that clarify the material and illustrate the use of the basic principles. An intuitive and systematic approach is used in the solution of the example problems, while maintaining an informal conversational style. The problem is first stated, and the objectives are identified. The assumptions are then stated, together with their justifications. The properties needed to solve the problem are listed separately. Numerical values are used together with their units to emphasize that numbers without units are meaningless, and unit manipulations are as important as manipulating the numerical values with a calculator. The significance of the findings is discussed following the solutions. This approach is also used consistently in the solutions presented in the instructor’s solutions manual. A WEALTH OF REALISTIC END-OF-CHAPTER PROBLEMS The end-of-chapter problems are grouped under specific topics to make problem selection easier for both instructors and students. Within each group of problems are Concept Questions, indicated by “C,” to check the students’ level of understanding of basic concepts. The problems under Review Problems are more comprehensive in nature and are not directly tied to any specific section of a chapter – in some cases they require review of material learned in previous chapters. Problems designated as Design and Essay are intended to encourage students to make engineering judgments, to conduct independent exploration of topics of interest, and to communicate their findings in a professional manner. Problems designated by an “E” are in English units, and SI users can ignore them. Problems with the are solved using EES, and complete solutions together with parametric studies are included on the enclosed DVD. Problems with the are comprehensive in nature and are intended to be solved with a computer, preferably using the EES software that accompanies this text. Several economics- and safety-related problems are incorporated throughout to enhance cost and safety awareness among engineering students. Answers to selected problems are listed immediately following the problem for convenience to students. USE OF COMMON NOTATION The use of different notation for the same quantities in different engineering courses has long been a source of discontent and confusion. A student taking both fluid mechanics and heat transfer, for example, has to use the notation Q for volume flow rate in one course, and for heat transfer in the other. The need to unify notation in engineering education has often been raised, even in some reports of conferences sponsored by the National Science Foundation through Foundation Coalitions, but little effort has been made to date in this regard. For example, refer to the final report of the “Mini-Conference on Energy Stem Innovations, May 28 and 29, 2003, University of Wisconsin.” In this text we made a conscious effort to minimize this conflict by adopting the familiar thermodynamic notation V . for volume flow rate, thus reserving the notation Q for heat transfer. Also, we consistently use an overdot to denote time rate. We think that both students and instructors will appreciate this effort to promote a common notation. A CHOICE OF SI ALONE OR SI/ENGLISH UNITS In recognition of the fact that English units are still widely used in some industries, both SI and English units are used in this text, with an emphasis on SI. The material in this text can be covered using combined SI/English units or SI units alone, depending on the preference of the instructor. The property tables and charts in the appendices are presented in both units, except the ones that involve dimensionless quantities. Problems, tables, and charts in English units are designated by “E” after the number for easy recognition, and they can be ignored easily by the SI users. COMBINED COVERAGE OF BERNOULLI AND ENERGY EQUATIONS The Bernoulli equation is one of the most frequently used equations in fluid mechanics, but it is also one of the most misused. Therefore, it is important to emphasize the limitations on the use of this idealized equation and to show how to properly account for imperfections and irreversible losses. In Chapter 5, we do this by introducing the energy equation right after the Bernoulli equation and demonstrating how the solutions of many practical engineering problems differ from those obtained using the Bernoulli equation. This helps students develop a realistic view of the Bernoulli equation. A SEPARATE CHAPTER ON CFD Commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes are widely used in engineering practice in the design and analysis of flow systems, and it has become exceedingly important for engineers to have a solid understanding of the fundamental aspects, capabilities, and limitations of CFD. Recognizing that most undergraduate engineering curriculums do not have room for a full course on CFD, a separate chapter is included here to make up for this deficiency and to equip students with an adequate background on the strengths and weaknesses of CFD. APPLICATION SPOTLIGHTS Throughout the book are highlighted examples called Application Spotlights where a real-world application of fluid mechanics is shown. A unique feature of these special examples is that they are written by guest authors. The Application Spotlights are designed to show students how fluid mechanics has diverse applications in a wide variety of fields. They also include eye-catching photographs from the guest authors’ research. GLOSSARY OF FLUID MECHANICS TERMS Throughout the chapters, when an important key term or concept is introduced and defined, it appears in black boldface type. Fundamental fluid mechanics terms and concepts appear in blue boldface type, and these fundamental terms also appear in a comprehensive end-of-book glossary developed by Professor James Brasseur of The Pennsylvania State University. This unique glossary is an excellent learning and review tool for students as they move forward in their study of fluid mechanics. In addition, students can test their knowledge of these fundamental terms by using the interactive flash cards and other resources located on our accompanying website (www.mhhe.com/cengel). CONVERSION FACTORS Frequently used conversion factors, physical constants, and frequently used properties of air and water at 20°C and atmospheric pressure are listed on the front inner cover pages of the text for easy reference. NOMENCLATURE A list of the major symbols, subscripts, and superscripts used in the text are listed on the inside back cover pages of the text for easy reference. SUPPLEMENTS These supplements are available to adopters of the book: STUDENT RESOURCES DVD Packaged free with every new copy of the text, this DVD provides a wealth of resources for students including Fluid Mechanics Videos, a CFD Animations Library, and EES Software. ONLINE LEARNING CENTER Web support is provided for the book on our Online Learning Center at www.mhhe.com/cengel. Visit this robust site for book and supplement information, errata, author information, and further resources for instructors and students. ENGINEERING EQUATION SOLVER (EES) Developed by Sanford Klein and William Beckman from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, this software combines equation-solving capability and engineering property data. EES can do optimization, parametric analysis, and linear and nonlinear regression, and provides publication-quality plotting capabilities. Thermodynamics and transport properties for air, water, and many other fluids are built-in and EES allows the user to enter property data or functional relationships. FLUENT FLOWLAB® SOFTWARE AND TEMPLATES As an integral part of Chapter 15, “Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics,” we provide access to a student-friendly CFD software package developed by Fluent Inc. In addition, we provide over 40 FLUENT FLOWLAB templates to complement the end-of-chapter problems in Chapter 15. These problems and templates are unique in that they are designed with both a fluid mechanics learning objective and a CFD learning objective in mind. INSTRUCTOR’S RESOURCE CD-ROM (AVAILABLE TO INSTRUCTORS ONLY) This CD, available to instructors only, offers a wide range of classroom preparation and presentation resources including an electronic solutions manual with PDF files by chapter, all text chapters and appendices as downloadable PDF files, and all text figures in JPEG format. COSMOS CD-ROM (AVAILABLE TO INSTRUCTORS ONLY) This CD, available to instructors only, provides electronic solutions delivered via our database management tool. McGraw-Hill’s COSMOS allows instructors to streamline the creation of assignments, quizzes, and tests by using problems and solutions from the textbook—as well as their own custom material. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge with appreciation the numerous and valuable comments, suggestions, constructive criticisms, and praise from the following evaluators and reviewers: xxii FLUID MECHANICS Mohammad Ali Kettering University Darryl Alofs University of Missouri, Rolla Farrukh Alvi Florida A & M University & Florida State University Ryoichi Amano University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Michael Amitay Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute T. P. Ashokbabu National Institute of Technology, India Idirb Azouz Southern Utah University Kenneth S. Ball University of Texas at Austin James G. Brasseur The Pennsylvania State University Glenn Brown Oklahoma State University John Callister Cornell University Frederick Carranti Syracuse University Kevin W. Cassel Illinois Institute of Technology Haris Catrakis University of California, Irvine Louis N. Cattafesta III University of Florida Soyoung Cha University of Illinois at Chicago Tiao Chang Ohio University Young Cho Drexel University Po-Ya (Abel) Chuang The Pennsylvania State University William H. Colwill American Hydro Corporation A. Terrence Conlisk Jr. The Ohio State University Daniel Cox Texas A&M University John Crepeau University of Idaho Jie Cui Tennessee Technological University Lisa Davids Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Jerry Drummond The University of Akron Dwayne Edwards University of Kentucky Richard Figliola Clemson University Charles Forsberg Hofstra University Fred K. Forster University of Washington

Making Things Move

Author: Dustyn Roberts

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868991409

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 3929

In Making Things Move –Die Welt bewegen lernen Sie die Welt der Mechanik und Maschinen auf eine ganz neue und unterhaltsame Weise kennen. Verstehen Sie die Regeln und Gesetze der Mechanik durch nicht-technische Erklärungen, einleuchtende Beispiele und tolle Do-It-Yourself-Projekte: von beweglichen Kunstinstallationen über kreative Spielzeuge bis hin zu arbeitserleichternden Geräten. Zahlreiche Fotos, Illustrationen, Screenshots und 3-D-Modelle begleiten jedes Projekt. Making Things Move – Die Welt bewegen setzt bei den vorgestellten Do-It-Yourself-Projekten auf Standardteile aus dem Baumarkt, leicht beziehbaren Materialien über den Versandhandel und allgemeine Herstellungstechniken, die sich jeder leicht aneignen kann. Einfache Projekte zu Beginn des Buches verhelfen Ihnen zu soliden DIY-Kenntnissen, die in den komplexeren Projekten im weiteren Verlauf des Buches erneut zur Anwendung kommen. Ein Ausflug in die Welt der Elektronik am Ende des Buches führt Sie in die Funktions- und Steuerungsweise des Microcontrollers Arduino ein. Mit Making Things Move – Die Welt bewegen werden Ihre kreativen Ideen zur bewegten Wirklichkeit.

Der schnellaufende Verbrennungsmotor

Author: Harry R. Ricardo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662114542

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 391

View: 3279

Der Verfasser der "High-Speed Internal-Combustion Engine" ist durch seine Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der schnellaufenden Verbren nungskraftmaschine weit über die Grenzen seines Landes hinaus be kannt geworden, gilt doch Sir HARRY RICARDO heute in der inter nationalen Fachwelt als eine der ersten Autoritäten auf diesem Son dergebiet. Seine Arbeiten reichen bis in die Zeit vor dem ersten Welt krieg zurück, als er in einer eigenen kleinen Werkstatt an einem selbst gebauten Motor die Vorgänge im Brennraum zu studieren begann, behindert durch die Unvollkommenheit der Versuchseinrichtungen und durch den Mangel am Wichtigsten, was zu solchen Versuchen gehört, am Geld. Aber er ließ sich nicht entmutigen und hatte das Glück, frühzeitig die finanzielle Hilfe weitsichtiger Förderer seiner Arbeiten zu finden, von denen er den Namen des Sir ROBERT WALEY COHEN von der Asiatic Petroleum Co. und die SHELL-Gruppe erwähnt, die es ihm in großzügiger Weise ermöglichteu, jenes Laboratorium in Shoreham-on-Sea. einzurichten, das noch heute unter seiner Leitung steht. Das hier investierte Kapital hat reiche Zinsen getragen, nicht nur für die englische Motoren-Industrie, sondern auch für die aller anderen Länder, soweit sie Verbrennungskraftmaschinen bauen, denn RICARDOS großes Verdienst ist, daß er in zahlreichen Veröffentlichun gen die Fachwelt an den Ergebnissen seiner Forschungen hat teil nehmen lassen. RWARDOS Buch, von dem heute die vierte Auflage vorliegt, erschien erstmalig im Jahre 1923 und wurde damals sogleich ins Deutsche übersetzt.


Author: H. Schlichting,Klaus Gersten

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662075547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 852

View: 2248

Die Überarbeitung für die 10. deutschsprachige Auflage von Hermann Schlichtings Standardwerk wurde wiederum von Klaus Gersten geleitet, der schon die umfassende Neuformulierung der 9. Auflage vorgenommen hatte. Es wurden durchgängig Aktualisierungen vorgenommen, aber auch das Kapitel 15 von Herbert Oertel jr. neu bearbeitet. Das Buch gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über den Einsatz der Grenzschicht-Theorie in allen Bereichen der Strömungsmechanik. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt bei den Umströmungen von Körpern (z.B. Flugzeugaerodynamik). Das Buch wird wieder den Studenten der Strömungsmechanik wie auch Industrie-Ingenieuren ein unverzichtbarer Partner unerschöpflicher Informationen sein.


Author: Marisha Pessl

Publisher: Carlsen

ISBN: 3646925949

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 384

View: 4904

Seit Jims ungeklärtem Tod hat Bee keinen ihrer Freunde mehr gesprochen. Als sich die fünf ein Jahr später in einem noblen Wochenendhaus an der Küste wiedertreffen, entgehen sie nachts nur knapp einem Autounfall. Unter Schock und vom Regen durchnässt kehren sie ins Haus zurück. Doch dann klopft ein geheimnisvoller Unbekannter an die Tür und eröffnet ihnen das Unfassbare: Der Unfall ist wirklich passiert und es gibt nur einen Überlebenden. Die Freunde sind in einer Zeitschleife zwischen Tod und Leben gefangen, in der sie dieselben elf Stunden immer wieder durchlaufen – bis sie sich geeinigt haben, wer von ihnen überlebt. Der Schlüssel zur Entscheidung scheint Jims Tod zu sein – in ihrer Verzweiflung beginnen die Freunde nachzuforschen, was wirklich mit ihm passiert ist, in jener Nacht, in der er in den Steinbruch stürzte. Und langsam wird klar, dass sie alle etwas zu verbergen haben … Ein echter Page-Turner, der einen nicht mehr loslässt!

Chemie für Ingenieure

Author: Detlev Forst,Maximilian Kolb,Helmut Roßwag

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662006545

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5334

Dieses Lehrbuch versucht, allen ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Fachrichtungen gerecht zu werden. Die Themen Werkstoffkunde, Halbleiter, Wasserchemie, Elektrochemie, Umweltschutz und Energie sind u.a. inhaltliche Schwerpunkte. Die wichtigen Industrieprodukte und -bereiche Schwefelsäure, Luftflüssigung, Ethylen und Erdöl, Kalk, Ammoniak, Natronlauge und Chlor sind als Beispiele chemisch-technischer Prozesse mit einbezogen. Übungen mit Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Lehrstoffs.


Systeme und Komponenten

Author: Robert Bosch GmbH

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783528238735

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 501

View: 8385

Der Dieselmotor und die Einspritzanlage bilden eine untrennbare Einheit. In zunehmendem Maß gewinnt die Elektronik an Bedeutung, um die wachsenden Forderungen nach geringem Schadstoffausstoß und geringem Kraftstoffverbrauch zu erfüllen. Jüngste Beispiele hierfür sind das Unit Injector System UIS und das Speichereinspritzsystem Common Rail, das mit dem Piezo-Inline-Injektor die Möglichkeiten zur Verbrauchsreduzierung noch mal entscheidend verbessert. Die aktuellen Maßnahmen zur innermotorischen Emissionsminderung, aber auch zur nachträglichen Schadstoffreduzierung wie Partikelfilter, SCR-Katalysator, Speicherkatalysator und Oxidationskatalysator werden ausführlich erklärt.

Handbuch Verbrennungsmotor

Grundlagen, Komponenten, Systeme, Perspektiven

Author: Richard van Basshuysen,Fred Schäfer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658109025

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1385

View: 7489

Dieses Werk enthält auf über 1200 Seiten umfassende Informationen über Otto- und Dieselmotoren. In wissenschaftlich anschaulicher und gleichzeitig praxisrelevanter Form sind die Grundlagen, Komponenten, Systeme und Perspektiven dargestellt. Über 140 Autoren aus Theorie und Praxis haben dieses Wissen erarbeitet. Damit haben sowohl Theoretiker als auch Praktiker die Möglichkeit, sich in kompakter Form ausführlich über den neuesten Stand der Motorentechnik zu informieren. Neue Entwicklungen zur Hybridtechnik und alternativen Antrieben wurden aktualisiert. Das Literaturverzeichnis wurde auf über 1400 Stellen erweitert.

Aerodynamik des Automobils

Eine Brücke von der Strömungsmechanik zur Fahrzeugtechnik

Author: Wolf-Heinrich Hucho

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642579035

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 751

View: 3217

Fahreigenschaften und Fahrleistungen eines Automobils werden massgeblich von der Aerodynamik geprägt, ebenso aber auch der Komfort seiner Insassen und die Funktion seiner Aggregate. Die fahrzeug-Aerodynamik ist vorwiegend empirischer Natur und interdisziplinär. Daran orientiert sich dieses Buch. Wo immer möglich, werden aus dem Erfahrungsschatz der Autoren allgemeingültige Aussagen über strömungsmechanische Phänomene abgeleitet und Auswirkungen beschrieben, die sich auf Personenfahrzeuge, Motorräder, Sport- oder Lastwagen ergeben. Damit hat sich das Buch zum Standardwerk entwickelt. Die vorliegende deutsche 3. Auflage ist inhaltlich konsolidiert und beständig.

Fundamentals of Thermal-fluid Sciences

Author: Yunus A. Çengel,John M. Cimbala,Robert H. Turner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780071266314

Category: Fluid mechanics

Page: 1055

View: 9303

THE THIRD EDITION of Fundamentals of Thermal-Fluid Sciences presents a balanced coverage of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer packaged in a manner suitable for use in introductory thermal sciences courses. By emphasizing the physics and underlying physical phenomena involved, the text gives students practical examples that allow development of an understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of thermal sciences. All the popular features of the previous edition are retained in this edition while new ones are added.

Matlab für Dummies

Author: Jim Sizemore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352780871X

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 5762

Ob Naturwissenschaftler, Mathematiker, Ingenieur oder Datenwissenschaftler - mit MATLAB haben Sie ein mächtiges Tool in der Hand, das Ihnen die Arbeit mit Ihren Daten erleichtert. Aber wie das mit manch mächtigen Dingen so ist - es ist auch ganz schön kompliziert. Aber keine Sorge! Jim Sizemore führt Sie in diesem Buch Schritt für Schritt an das Programm heran - von der Installation und den ersten Skripten bis hin zu aufwändigen Berechnungen, der Erstellung von Grafiken und effizienter Fehlerbehebung. Sie werden begeistert sein, was Sie mit MATLAB alles anstellen können.

Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540274227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 3767

Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.

Idea Man

Die Autobiografie des Microsoft-Mitgründers

Author: Paul Allen

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593395398

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 430

View: 6954

Paul Allens Ideen begründeten einen Weltkonzern. Gemeinsam mit Bill Gates schuf er 1975 Microsoft. Der Erfolg des Softwarekonzerns beruht vor allem auf Allens einmaligem Gespür für technologische Trends. In seiner Autobiografie erzählt er zum ersten Mal die faszinierende Geschichte der Unternehmensgründung und seiner schwierigen Freundschaft mit Bill Gates. Ungeschminkt berichtet er von seinen Kämpfen mit Gates und seinem Abgang Anfang der achtziger Jahre, nachdem Gates mehrfach sein Vertrauen gebrochen hatte. Doch auch nach seinem Abschied von Microsoft blieb Allen als erfolgreicher Investor und technologischer Pionier aktiv. Es ist das faszinierende Porträt eines der reichsten Männer der Welt, eines technologischen Genies und begnadeten Geschäftsmanns.

Gasturbinen Handbuch

Author: Meherwan P. Boyce

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642598412

Category: Science

Page: 593

View: 756

Dieses amerikanische Standardwerk wurde vom Übersetzer angepaßt auf die deutschen Verhältnisse. Es bietet wertvolle Informationen für Installation, Betrieb und Wartung, technische Details der Auslegung, Kennzahlen und vieles mehr.

Kolumbus' Erbe

Wie Menschen, Tiere, Pflanzen die Ozeane überquerten und die Welt von heute schufen

Author: Charles C. Mann

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364403771X

Category: History

Page: 816

View: 4794

«Das beste Sachbuch des Jahres.» TIME Die Entdeckung Amerikas war für das Leben auf unserem Planeten das folgenreichste Ereignis seit dem Aussterben der Dinosaurier. Denn: Millionen Jahre waren die Hemisphären weitgehend voneinander isoliert gewesen. Mit Kolumbus traten sie in einen Austausch. Menschen und Pflanzen, Tiere und Krankheiten gelangten per Schiff in neue Lebensräume und schufen eine Welt, in der nichts blieb, wie es einmal gewesen war. Das hatte auch gravierende politische Konsequenzen: Der «kolumbische Austausch» trug mehr als alles andere dazu bei, dass Europa zur Weltmacht aufstieg und China verdrängte. Charles C. Mann zeichnet ein spannendes Panorama dieser Vorgänge, das Kontinente und Jahrhunderte umfasst. Ein großartiges Lesevergnügen für alle Wissensdurstigen! «Herausragend.» The New York Times «Ein faszinierendes und vielschichtiges Buch, das auf vorbildliche Weise sprechende Fakten mit gutem Geschichtenerzählen vereint.» The Washington Post