Flattening the Earth

Two Thousand Years of Map Projections

Author: John P. Snyder

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226767475

Category: History

Page: 365

View: 369

As long as there have been maps, cartographers have grappled with the impossibility of portraying the earth in two dimensions. To solve this problem mapmakers have created hundreds of map projections - mathematical methods for drawing the round earth on a flat surface. Yet of the hundreds of existing projections, and the infinite number that are theoretically possible, none is perfectly accurate. Any projection inevitably distorts the geography it portrays. Flattening the Earth is the first detailed history of map projections since 1863. John P. Snyder discusses and illustrates the hundreds of known projections from before 500 B.C. to the present, emphasizing developments since the Renaissance - when the concept of a round earth gained acceptance - as mapmakers used increasingly sophisticated mathematical techniques to create ever more accurate projections. He closes with a look at the variety of projections, simple and complex, made possible today by the speed and power of computers. This book includes 170 illustrations, including outline maps from original sources and modern computerized reconstructions. The text is not mathematically based and is accessible to non-specialists, but a few equations are included to permit the more technical reader to plot some projections. Snyder also provides tables summarizing the features of nearly 200 different projections and listing those used in nineteenth- and twentieth-century atlases. As a survey of most known map projections, a discussion of cartographic technique, and a historical analysis of the development of map projections, this book will be an important resource for cartographers, geographers, and historians.
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Der Heidelberg Karl-Theodor-Globus von 1751 bis 2000

Vergangenes mit gegenwärtigen Methoden für die Zukunft bewahren

Author: Willi Jäger,Susanne Krömker,Eike Wolgast

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642593038

Category: Mathematics

Page: 175

View: 7981

An dem mit großem Aufwand restaurierten Vaugondy Globus der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg waren verschiedenste Disziplinen beteiligt, deren Beiträge im Einzelnen beschrieben werden und die in der Gesamtheit zu dem heutigen Ausstellungsstück geführt haben. Die über ein Vierteljahrhundert währende wechselvolle Geschichte dieses vom Kurfürsten Karl Theodor bestellten Globus wird genauso berücksichtigt wie die historischen Aspekte eines geänderten Weltbildes im 18. Jahrhundert. Das Buch ist für Historiker ebenso interessant wie für Restauratoren und ermutigt außerdem, neue Wege in der Konservierung zu beschreiten, die mit modernen Techniken einhergehen. Hierbei werden die mathematischen Verfahren der Bildverarbeitung besonders herausgestellt, die zum Filtern der digitalisierten Karten eingesetzt wurden. Die Ergebnisse dieser Filterverfahren dienten einerseits zur Herstellung von Faksimiles, die auf der originalen Kugel Verwendung fanden und sämtlich im Buch abgebildet sind. Andererseits ist auf Basis dieser Daten ein virtueller Glbous entstanden. Die zahlreichen Farbabbildungen und Skizzen illustrieren die Einzelbeiträge und Erleichtern das Verständnis des Restaurationsprozesses. Um ein breites Publikum anzusprechen, ist der Beitrag über Projektionen und Bildverarbeitung in English, die übrigen Beiträge in Deutsch abgefasst. Ein umfangreicher Index sowie ein Abbildungsnachweis vervollständigen das Buch.
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Über Projektionen: Weltkarten und Weltanschauungen

Von der Rekonstruktion zur Dekonstruktion, von der Konvention zur Alternative

Author: Julia Mia Stirnemann

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839446112

Category: Art

Page: 300

View: 1271

»Über Projektionen« gibt Einsichten in Weltkarten, ihre Darstellungsweisen und den damit verbundenen Weltanschauungen. Die Projektion wird dabei einerseits als ideelle Projektion im Sinne einer Weltanschauung dargelegt, die vorherrschende Vorstellungsbilder, Wertmaßstäbe, Ordnungsprinzipien, Denkweisen oder Erklärungsmodelle der Welt beschreibt. Andererseits wird auf die geometrische Projektion, die Weltkarten zugrunde liegt, fokussiert: Jede Weltkarte steht vor der Schwierigkeit, die Kugeloberfläche in einer zweidimensionalen Ebene darzustellen. In einer Rekonstruktion werden anhand von Weltkarten verschiedene paradigmatische Weltanschauungen aufgezeigt. In einer Dekonstruktion sind konventionelle durch alternative Weltkarten kontrastiert. Die breite Vielfalt an möglichen Weltkarten zeigt, dass Weltkarten keinen Status quo abbilden, sondern lediglich eine subjektive Interpretation der Welt zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt sind, die ständigen Umbrüchen unterworfen bleiben.
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Eins zu einer Million

Die Tricks und Lügen der Kartographen

Author: Mark Monmonier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034860161

Category: Science

Page: 287

View: 5615

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The World of Maps

Map Reading and Interpretation for the 21st Century

Author: Judith A. Tyner

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462516483

Category: Social Science

Page: 237

View: 8465

"Maps have power--they can instruct, make life easier, mislead, or even lie. This engaging text provides the tools to read, analyze, and use any kind of map and assess its strengths and weaknesses. Requiring no advanced math skills, the book presents basic concepts of symbolization, scale, coordinate systems, and projections. It gives students a deeper understanding of the types of maps they encounter every day, from turn-by-turn driving directions to the TV weather report. Readers also learn how to use multiple maps and imagery to analyze an area or region. The book includes 168 figures, among them 22 color plates; most of the figures can be downloaded as PowerPoint slides from the companion website. Appendices contain a glossary, recommended resources, a table of commonly used projections, and more"--
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Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Three Volume Set

Author: John A Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446264882

Category: Nature

Page: 1496

View: 3951

Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.
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Mapping the Cold War

Cartography and the Framing of America’s International Power

Author: Timothy Barney

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469618559

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 9668

In this fascinating history of Cold War cartography, Timothy Barney considers maps as central to the articulation of ideological tensions between American national interests and international aspirations. Barney argues that the borders, scales, projections, and other conventions of maps prescribed and constrained the means by which foreign policy elites, popular audiences, and social activists navigated conflicts between North and South, East and West. Maps also influenced how identities were formed in a world both shrunk by advancing technologies and marked by expanding and shifting geopolitical alliances and fissures. Pointing to the necessity of how politics and values were "spatialized" in recent U.S. history, Barney argues that Cold War–era maps themselves had rhetorical lives that began with their conception and production and played out in their circulation within foreign policy circles and popular media. Reflecting on the ramifications of spatial power during the period, Mapping the Cold War ultimately demonstrates that even in the twenty-first century, American visions of the world--and the maps that account for them--are inescapably rooted in the anxieties of that earlier era.
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Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g

Author: Ravikanth Kothuri,Albert Godfrind,Euro Beinat

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 143020446X

Category: Computers

Page: 787

View: 7361

Pro Oracle Spatial for Oracle Database 11g shows you how to take advantage of Oracle Database's built-in feature set for working with location-based data. The book addresses the special nature of spatial data and its role in professional and consumer applications. It also details issues in spatial data management and covers how spatial information is used to understand business and support decisions, to manage customer relations, and to better serve private and corporate users. When you read this book, you're learning from the very best, the authors are key players on the team that develops the Oracle Spatial feature set.
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Das Herz der Finsternis

Author: Joseph Conrad

Publisher: Re-Image Publishing

ISBN: 3961641110

Category: Fiction

Page: 107

View: 3120

Der Flussdampferkapitän Marlow reist im Auftrag einer belgischen Handelskompanie tief in den Kongo. Auf seiner Reise erlebt er unverständliche Wirrnisse, Sinnlosigkeit und eine unvorstellbare Ausbeutung der Schwarzen. Die Reise den Fluss entlang entwickelt sich immer mehr zur Reise in sein eigenes unbewusstes Inneres. Marlow trifft auf den berühmt-berüchtigten und angeblich besonders erfolgreichen Elfenbein-Agenten Kurtz. Kurtz hat auf seinem Handelsposten, von der Handelsgesellschaft als "leuchtfeuer auf der Straße zum Besseren" beabsichtigt, ein Zentrum des Bösen und eine machtvolle Position etabliert. Vermeintlich unter dem schädlichen Einfluss der Wildnis hat er sich den in ihm selber existierenden Verrohungstendenzen hingegeben und geht darin unter. Marlow verfälscht seine letzten Worte ("das Grauen! Das Grauen!"), um sie Kurtz' Braut als letzten Gruß zu überbringen.
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Cartographic Perspectives

Bulletin of the North American Cartographic Information Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cartography

Page: N.A

View: 1590

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Aspekte der Kartographie im Wandel der Zeit

Festschrift für Ingrid Kretschmer zum 65. Geburtstag und anlässlich ihres Übertritts in den Ruhestand

Author: Wolfgang Kainz,Karel Kriz,Andreas Riedl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cartography

Page: 342

View: 4049

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Cartography

Thematic Map Design

Author: Borden D. Dent

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cartes thématiques

Page: 417

View: 5630

"This introductory textbook introduces students to the different types of map projections, map design, and map production." -Amazon.com.
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Kartenentwürfe der Erde

Kartographische Abbildungsverfahren aus mathematischer und historischer Sicht

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322844080

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 168

View: 8912

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Thematic Cartography and Geovisualization

Author: Terry A. Slocum,Robert B. McMaster,Fritz C. Kessler,Hugh H. Howard

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780132298346

Category: Science

Page: 561

View: 6307

This comprehensive volume blends broad coverage of basic methods for symbolizing spatial data with an introduction to cutting-edge data visualization techniques. Offers clear descriptions of various aspects of effective, efficient map design, with an emphasis on the practical application of design theories and appropriate use of map elements. Clearly contrasts different approaches for symbolizing spatial data, in addition to individual mapping techniques. This edition includes updated material on the history of thematic cartography, maps and society, scale and generalization, and cartograms and flow mapping. For those interested in learning more about cartography.
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Thematic Cartography and Geographic Visualization

Author: Terry A. Slocum

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 2477

This comprehensive book bridges the evolution in cartography by presenting both traditional methods and recently developed cartographic techniques. KEY TOPICS It provides a compendium of methods for symbolizing and visualizing spatial data, from the traditional methods that presume a communication model to computer-based techniques that provide a means of data visualization. For anyone interested in designing maps in the realm of GIS.
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