## First Order Mathematical Logic

Author: Angelo Margaris

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486662695

Category: Mathematics

Page: 211

View: 553

"Attractive and well-written introduction." — Journal of Symbolic Logic The logic that mathematicians use to prove their theorems is itself a part of mathematics, in the same way that algebra, analysis, and geometry are parts of mathematics. This attractive and well-written introduction to mathematical logic is aimed primarily at undergraduates with some background in college-level mathematics; however, little or no acquaintance with abstract mathematics is needed. Divided into three chapters, the book begins with a brief encounter of naïve set theory and logic for the beginner, and proceeds to set forth in elementary and intuitive form the themes developed formally and in detail later. In Chapter Two, the predicate calculus is developed as a formal axiomatic theory. The statement calculus, presented as a part of the predicate calculus, is treated in detail from the axiom schemes through the deduction theorem to the completeness theorem. Then the full predicate calculus is taken up again, and a smooth-running technique for proving theorem schemes is developed and exploited. Chapter Three is devoted to first-order theories, i.e., mathematical theories for which the predicate calculus serves as a base. Axioms and short developments are given for number theory and a few algebraic theories. Then the metamathematical notions of consistency, completeness, independence, categoricity, and decidability are discussed, The predicate calculus is proved to be complete. The book concludes with an outline of Godel's incompleteness theorem. Ideal for a one-semester course, this concise text offers more detail and mathematically relevant examples than those available in elementary books on logic. Carefully chosen exercises, with selected answers, help students test their grasp of the material. For any student of mathematics, logic, or the interrelationship of the two, this book represents a thought-provoking introduction to the logical underpinnings of mathematical theory. "An excellent text." — Mathematical Reviews
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## First-order Logic

Author: Raymond M. Smullyan

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486683706

Category: Mathematics

Page: 158

View: 2466

Considered the best book in the field, this completely self-contained study is both an introduction to quantification theory and an exposition of new results and techniques in "analytic" or "cut free" methods. The focus in on the tableau point of view. Topics include trees, tableau method for propositional logic, Gentzen systems, more. Includes 144 illustrations.
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## Satan, Cantor und die Unendlichkeit

und 200 weitere verblüffende Tüfteleien

Author: Raymond Smullyan

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034862318

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 232

View: 9738

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## A Beginner's Guide to Mathematical Logic

Author: Raymond M. Smullyan

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486492370

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 8949

Written by a creative master of mathematical logic, this introductory text combines stories of great philosophers, quotations, and riddles with the fundamentals of mathematical logic. Author Raymond Smullyan offers clear, incremental presentations of difficult logic concepts. He highlights each subject with inventive explanations and unique problems. Smullyan's accessible narrative provides memorable examples of concepts related to proofs, propositional logic and first-order logic, incompleteness theorems, and incompleteness proofs. Additional topics include undecidability, combinatoric logic, and recursion theory. Suitable for undergraduate and graduate courses, this book will also amuse and enlighten mathematically minded readers. Dover (2014) original publication. See every Dover book in print at www.doverpublications.com
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## An Introduction to Mathematical Logic

Author: Richard E. Hodel

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486497852

Category: Mathematics

Page: 491

View: 3713

This comprehensive overview ofmathematical logic is designedprimarily for advanced undergraduatesand graduate studentsof mathematics. The treatmentalso contains much of interest toadvanced students in computerscience and philosophy. Topics include propositional logic;first-order languages and logic; incompleteness, undecidability,and indefinability; recursive functions; computability;and Hilbert’s Tenth Problem.Reprint of the PWS Publishing Company, Boston, 1995edition.
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## Foundations of Mathematical Logic

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486634623

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 939

Written by a pioneer of mathematical logic, this comprehensive graduate-level text explores the constructive theory of first-order predicate calculus. It covers formal methods — including algorithms and epitheory — and offers a brief treatment of Markov's approach to algorithms. It also explains elementary facts about lattices and similar algebraic systems. 1963 edition.
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## Boolesche Algebra und ihre Anwendungen

Author: John Eldon Whitesitt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322962539

Category: Mathematics

Page: 207

View: 600

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## Kurt Gödel

Jahrhundertmathematiker und großer Entdecker

Author: Rebecca Goldstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492249607

Category:

Page: 312

View: 2583

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## Principia Mathematica.

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

View: 4237

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## Foundations of Mathematical Logic

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486153053

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 9177

Comprehensive graduate-level account of constructive theory of first-order predicate calculus covers formal methods: algorithms and epitheory, brief treatment of Markov's approach to algorithms, elementary facts about lattices, logical connectives, and more. 1963 edition.
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## Mathematical Logic

A First Course

Author: Joel W. Robbin

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 048645018X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 5020

This self-contained text will appeal to readers from diverse fields and varying backgrounds. Topics include 1st-order recursive arithmetic, 1st- and 2nd-order logic, and the arithmetization of syntax. Numerous exercises; some solutions. 1969 edition.
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## Mathematical Logic

Author: Stephen Cole Kleene

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486317072

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 5546

Contents include an elementary but thorough overview of mathematical logic of 1st order; formal number theory; surveys of the work by Church, Turing, and others, including Gödel's completeness theorem, Gentzen's theorem, more.
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## Logic as a Tool

A Guide to Formal Logical Reasoning

Author: Valentin Goranko

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118880056

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 6859

Written in a clear, precise and user-friendly style, Logic as a Tool: A Guide to Formal Logical Reasoning is intended for undergraduates in both mathematics and computer science, and will guide them to learn, understand and master the use of classical logic as a tool for doing correct reasoning. It offers a systematic and precise exposition of classical logic with many examples and exercises, and only the necessary minimum of theory. The book explains the grammar, semantics and use of classical logical languages and teaches the reader how grasp the meaning and translate them to and from natural language. It illustrates with extensive examples the use of the most popular deductive systems -- axiomatic systems, semantic tableaux, natural deduction, and resolution -- for formalising and automating logical reasoning both on propositional and on first-order level, and provides the reader with technical skills needed for practical derivations in them. Systematic guidelines are offered on how to perform logically correct and well-structured reasoning using these deductive systems and the reasoning techniques that they employ. •Concise and systematic exposition, with semi-formal but rigorous treatment of the minimum necessary theory, amply illustrated with examples •Emphasis both on conceptual understanding and on developing practical skills •Solid and balanced coverage of syntactic, semantic, and deductive aspects of logic •Includes extensive sets of exercises, many of them provided with solutions or answers •Supplemented by a website including detailed slides, additional exercises and solutions For more information browse the book's website at: https://logicasatool.wordpress.com
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## Logic for Computer Science

Foundations of Automatic Theorem Proving, Second Edition

Author: Jean H. Gallier

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486780821

Category: Computers

Page: 528

View: 9063

This advanced text for undergraduate and graduate students introduces mathematical logic with an emphasis on proof theory and procedures for algorithmic construction of formal proofs. The self-contained treatment is also useful for computer scientists and mathematically inclined readers interested in the formalization of proofs and basics of automatic theorem proving. Topics include propositional logic and its resolution, first-order logic, Gentzen's cut elimination theorem and applications, and Gentzen's sharpened Hauptsatz and Herbrand's theorem. Additional subjects include resolution in first-order logic; SLD-resolution, logic programming, and the foundations of PROLOG; and many-sorted first-order logic. Numerous problems appear throughout the book, and two Appendixes provide practical background information.
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## A First Course in Partial Differential Equations with Complex Variables and Transform Methods

Author: Hans F. Weinberger

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486686400

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 7076

Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, this text presents the general properties of partial differential equations, including the elementary theory of complex variables. Topics include one-dimensional wave equation, properties of elliptic and parabolic equations, separation of variables and Fourier series, nonhomogeneous problems, and analytic functions of a complex variable. Solutions. 1965 edition.
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## Set Theory and Logic

Author: Robert R. Stoll

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486139646

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 4849

Explores sets and relations, the natural number sequence and its generalization, extension of natural numbers to real numbers, logic, informal axiomatic mathematics, Boolean algebras, informal axiomatic set theory, several algebraic theories, and 1st-order theories.
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## Naive Mengenlehre

Author: Paul R. Halmos

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525405277

Category: Arithmetic

Page: 132

View: 1247

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## An Introduction to Lebesgue Integration and Fourier Series

Author: Howard J. Wilcox,David L. Myers

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486682938

Category: Mathematics

Page: 159

View: 398

This book arose out of the authors' desire to present Lebesgue integration and Fourier series on an undergraduate level, since most undergraduate texts do not cover this material or do so in a cursory way. The result is a clear, concise, well-organized introduction to such topics as the Riemann integral, measurable sets, properties of measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, convergence and the Lebesgue integral, pointwise convergence of Fourier series and other subjects. The authors not only cover these topics in a useful and thorough way, they have taken pains to motivate the student by keeping the goals of the theory always in sight, justifying each step of the development in terms of those goals. In addition, whenever possible, new concepts are related to concepts already in the student's repertoire. Finally, to enable readers to test their grasp of the material, the text is supplemented by numerous examples and exercises. Mathematics students as well as students of engineering and science will find here a superb treatment, carefully thought out and well presented , that is ideal for a one semester course. The only prerequisite is a basic knowledge of advanced calculus, including the notions of compactness, continuity, uniform convergence and Riemann integration.
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## Logik für Dummies

Author: Mark Zegarelli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527657444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 358

View: 3645

Logik ist die Basis von Wissenschaft, aber auch eine Br?cke von Wissenschaft zum Alltag. So einfach sie scheint, so anspruchsvoll ist sie im Detail. Mark Zegarelli f?hrt Sie in "Logik f?r Dummies" systematisch in die Logik ein. Vom Paradoxon ?ber symbolische Logik bis zur Syllogistik l?sst er nichts aus und zeigt Ihnen, wie man Argumente pr?ft. Er arbeitet dabei mit anschaulichen Beispielen und schafft es so, dieses abstrakte Thema den Lesern nicht nur verst?ndlich zu machen, sondern ihnen auch Wert und Nutzen von Logik aufzuzeigen. Eine Einf?hrung, die den Wissensdurst stillt und Lust auf mehr macht.
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