Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method

Author: Pavel Ŝolín

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471764094

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 3929

A systematic introduction to partial differential equations and modern finite element methods for their efficientnumerical solution Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Methodprovides a much-needed, clear, and systematic introduction tomodern theory of partial differential equations (PDEs) and finiteelement methods (FEM). Both nodal and hierachic concepts of the FEMare examined. Reflecting the growing complexity and multiscalenature of current engineering and scientific problems, the authoremphasizes higher-order finite element methods such as the spectralor hp-FEM. A solid introduction to the theory of PDEs and FEM contained inChapters 1-4 serves as the core and foundation of the publication.Chapter 5 is devoted to modern higher-order methods for thenumerical solution of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) thatarise in the semidiscretization of time-dependent PDEs by theMethod of Lines (MOL). Chapter 6 discusses fourth-order PDEs rootedin the bending of elastic beams and plates and approximates theirsolution by means of higher-order Hermite and Argyris elements.Finally, Chapter 7 introduces the reader to various PDEs governingcomputational electromagnetics and describes their finite elementapproximation, including modern higher-order edge elements forMaxwell's equations. The understanding of many theoretical and practical aspects of bothPDEs and FEM requires a solid knowledge of linear algebra andelementary functional analysis, such as functions and linearoperators in the Lebesgue, Hilbert, and Sobolev spaces. Thesetopics are discussed with the help of many illustrative examples inAppendix A, which is provided as a service for those readers whoneed to gain the necessary background or require a refreshertutorial. Appendix B presents several finite element computationsrooted in practical engineering problems and demonstrates thebenefits of using higher-order FEM. Numerous finite element algorithms are written out in detailalongside implementation discussions. Exercises, including manythat involve programming the FEM, are designed to assist the readerin solving typical problems in engineering and science. Specifically designed as a coursebook, this student-testedpublication is geared to upper-level undergraduates and graduatestudents in all disciplines of computational engineeringandscience. It is also a practical problem-solving reference forresearchers, engineers, and physicists.
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Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations by the Finite Element Method

Author: Claes Johnson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131599

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 1215

An accessible introduction to the finite element method for solving numeric problems, this volume offers the keys to an important technique in computational mathematics. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses, it outlines clear connections with applications and considers numerous examples from a variety of science- and engineering-related specialties.This text encompasses all varieties of the basic linear partial differential equations, including elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic problems, as well as stationary and time-dependent problems. Additional topics include finite element methods for integral equations, an introduction to nonlinear problems, and considerations of unique developments of finite element techniques related to parabolic problems, including methods for automatic time step control. The relevant mathematics are expressed in non-technical terms whenever possible, in the interests of keeping the treatment accessible to a majority of students.
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The Finite Element Method

An Introduction with Partial Differential Equations

Author: A. J. Davies

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609136

Category: Mathematics

Page: 297

View: 7196

An introduction to the application of the finite element method to the solution of boundary and initial-value problems posed in terms of partial differential equations. Contains worked examples throughout and each chapter has a set of exercises with detailed solutions.
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Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540274227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 2588

Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.
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Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations in Science and Engineering

Author: Leon Lapidus,George F. Pinder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031210

Category: Mathematics

Page: 677

View: 986

From the reviews of Numerical Solution of PartialDifferential Equations in Science and Engineering: "The book by Lapidus and Pinder is a very comprehensive, evenexhaustive, survey of the subject . . . [It] is unique in that itcovers equally finite difference and finite element methods." Burrelle's "The authors have selected an elementary (but not simplistic)mode of presentation. Many different computational schemes aredescribed in great detail . . . Numerous practical examples andapplications are described from beginning to the end, often withcalculated results given." Mathematics of Computing "This volume . . . devotes its considerable number of pages tolucid developments of the methods [for solving partial differentialequations] . . . the writing is very polished and I found it apleasure to read!" Mathematics of Computation Of related interest . . . NUMERICAL ANALYSIS FOR APPLIED SCIENCE Myron B. Allen andEli L. Isaacson. A modern, practical look at numerical analysis,this book guides readers through a broad selection of numericalmethods, implementation, and basic theoretical results, with anemphasis on methods used in scientific computation involvingdifferential equations. 1997 (0-471-55266-6) 512 pp. APPLIED MATHEMATICS Second Edition, J. David Logan.Presenting an easily accessible treatment of mathematical methodsfor scientists and engineers, this acclaimed work covers fluidmechanics and calculus of variations as well as more modernmethods-dimensional analysis and scaling, nonlinear wavepropagation, bifurcation, and singular perturbation. 1996(0-471-16513-1) 496 pp.
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Introduction to the Finite Element Method in Electromagnetics

Author: Anastasis C. Polycarpou

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598290460

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 115

View: 1453

This lecture is written primarily for the non-expert engineer or the undergraduate or graduate student who wants to learn, for the first time, the finite element method with applications to electromagnetics. It is also designed for research engineers who have knowledge of other numerical techniques and want to familiarize themselves with the finite element method.Finite element method is a numerical method used to solve boundary-value problems characterized by a partial differential equation and a set of boundary conditions. Author Anastasis Polycarpou provides the reader with all information necessary to successfully apply the finite element method to one- and two-dimensional boundary-value problems in electromagnetics.The book is accompanied by a number of codes written by the author in Matlab. These are the finite element codes that were used to generate most of the graphs presented in this book. Specifically, there are three Matlab codes for the one-dimensional case (Chapter 1) and two Matlab codes for the two-dimensional case (Chapter 2). The reader may execute these codes, modify certain parameters such as mesh size or object dimensions, and visualize the results. The codes are available on the Morgan & Claypool Web site at http://www.morganclaypool.com.
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The finite difference method in partial differential equations

Author: Andrew R. Mitchell,David Francis Griffiths

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 735

Extensively revised edition of Computational Methods in Partial Differential Equations. A more general approach has been adopted for the splitting of operators for parabolic and hyperbolic equations to include Richtmyer and Strang type splittings in addition to alternating direction implicit and locally one dimensional methods. A description of the now standard factorization and SOR/ADI iterative techniques for solving elliptic difference equations has been supplemented with an account or preconditioned conjugate gradient methods which are currently gaining in popularity. Prominence is also given to the Galerkin method using different test and trial functions as a means of constructing difference approximations to both elliptic and time dependent problems. The applications of finite difference methods have been revised and contain examples involving the treatment of singularities in elliptic equations, free and moving boundary problems, as well as modern developments in computational fluid dynamics. Emphasis throughout is on clear exposition of the construction and solution of difference equations. Material is reinforced with theoretical results when appropriate.
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Adaptive Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Author: Ivo Babushka,Jagdish Chandra,Joseph E. Flaherty

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898712421

Category: Mathematics

Page: 265

View: 6079

"Proceedings of the Workshop on Adaptive Computational Methods for Partial Differential Equations, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, October 13-15, 1988"--T.p. verso.
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Mathematical Aspects of Finite Elements in Partial Differential Equations

Proceedings of a Symposium Conducted by the Mathematics Research Center, the University of Wisconsin–Madison, April 1 – 3, 1974

Author: Carl de Boor

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483268071

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 7743

Mathematical Aspects of Finite Elements in Partial Differential Equations addresses the mathematical questions raised by the use of finite elements in the numerical solution of partial differential equations. This book covers a variety of topics, including finite element method, hyperbolic partial differential equation, and problems with interfaces. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the class of finite element subspaces with numerical examples. This text then presents as models the Dirichlet problem for the potential and bipotential operator and discusses the question of non-conforming elements using the classical Ritz- and least-squares-method. Other chapters consider some error estimates for the Galerkin problem by such energy considerations. This book discusses as well the spatial discretization of problem and presents the Galerkin method for ordinary differential equations using polynomials of degree k. The final chapter deals with the continuous-time Galerkin method for the heat equation. This book is a valuable resource for mathematicians.
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Computational Partial Differential Equations Using MATLAB

Author: Jichun Li,Yi-Tung Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420089059

Category: Mathematics

Page: 378

View: 2288

This textbook introduces several major numerical methods for solving various partial differential equations (PDEs) in science and engineering, including elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic equations. It covers traditional techniques that include the classic finite difference method and the finite element method as well as state-of-the-art numerical methods, such as the high-order compact difference method and the radial basis function meshless method. Helps Students Better Understand Numerical Methods through Use of MATLAB® The authors uniquely emphasize both theoretical numerical analysis and practical implementation of the algorithms in MATLAB, making the book useful for students in computational science and engineering. They provide students with simple, clear implementations instead of sophisticated usages of MATLAB functions. All the Material Needed for a Numerical Analysis Course Based on the authors’ own courses, the text only requires some knowledge of computer programming, advanced calculus, and difference equations. It includes practical examples, exercises, references, and problems, along with a solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Students can download MATLAB code from www.crcpress.com, enabling them to easily modify or improve the codes to solve their own problems.
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The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

Author: Granville Sewell

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814635111

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 6820

This book presents methods for the computational solution of differential equations, both ordinary and partial, time-dependent and steady-state. Finite difference methods are introduced and analyzed in the first four chapters, and finite element methods are studied in chapter five. A very general-purpose and widely-used finite element program, PDE2D, which implements many of the methods studied in the earlier chapters, is presented and documented in Appendix A. The book contains the relevant theory and error analysis for most of the methods studied, but also emphasizes the practical aspects involved in implementing the methods. Students using this book will actually see and write programs (FORTRAN or MATLAB) for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, using both finite differences and finite elements. In addition, they will be able to solve very difficult partial differential equations using the software PDE2D, presented in Appendix A. PDE2D solves very general steady-state, time-dependent and eigenvalue PDE systems, in 1D intervals, general 2D regions, and a wide range of simple 3D regions. Contents:Direct Solution of Linear SystemsInitial Value Ordinary Differential EquationsThe Initial Value Diffusion ProblemThe Initial Value Transport and Wave ProblemsBoundary Value ProblemsThe Finite Element MethodsAppendix A — Solving PDEs with PDE2DAppendix B — The Fourier Stability MethodAppendix C — MATLAB ProgramsAppendix D — Answers to Selected Exercises Readership: Undergraduate, graduate students and researchers. Key Features:The discussion of stability, absolute stability and stiffness in Chapter 1 is clearer than in other textsStudents will actually learn to write programs solving a range of simple PDEs using the finite element method in chapter 5In Appendix A, students will be able to solve quite difficult PDEs, using the author's software package, PDE2D. (a free version is available which solves small to moderate sized problems)Keywords:Differential Equations;Partial Differential Equations;Finite Element Method;Finite Difference Method;Computational Science;Numerical AnalysisReviews: "This book is very well written and it is relatively easy to read. The presentation is clear and straightforward but quite rigorous. This book is suitable for a course on the numerical solution of ODEs and PDEs problems, designed for senior level undergraduate or beginning level graduate students. The numerical techniques for solving problems presented in the book may also be useful for experienced researchers and practitioners both from universities or industry." Andrzej Icha Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk Poland
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Partial Differential Equations

Analytical and Numerical Methods, Second Edition

Author: Mark S. Gockenbach

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898719356

Category: Mathematics

Page: 654

View: 6363

A fresh, forward-looking undergraduate textbook that treats the finite element method and classical Fourier series method with equal emphasis.
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Numerical Approximation of Partial Differential Equations

Author: Sören Bartels

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319323547

Category: Mathematics

Page: 535

View: 9605

Finite element methods for approximating partial differential equations have reached a high degree of maturity, and are an indispensible tool in science and technology. This textbook aims at providing a thorough introduction to the construction, analysis, and implementation of finite element methods for model problems arising in continuum mechanics. The first part of the book discusses elementary properties of linear partial differential equations along with their basic numerical approximation, the functional-analytical framework for rigorously establishing existence of solutions, and the construction and analysis of basic finite element methods. The second part is devoted to the optimal adaptive approximation of singularities and the fast iterative solution of linear systems of equations arising from finite element discretizations. In the third part, the mathematical framework for analyzing and discretizing saddle-point problems is formulated, corresponding finte element methods are analyzed, and particular applications including incompressible elasticity, thin elastic objects, electromagnetism, and fluid mechanics are addressed. The book includes theoretical problems and practical projects for all chapters, and an introduction to the implementation of finite element methods.
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Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Finite Difference and Finite Volume Methods

Author: Sandip Mazumder

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128035048

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 3920

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations: Finite Difference and Finite Volume Methods focuses on two popular deterministic methods for solving partial differential equations (PDEs), namely finite difference and finite volume methods. The solution of PDEs can be very challenging, depending on the type of equation, the number of independent variables, the boundary, and initial conditions, and other factors. These two methods have been traditionally used to solve problems involving fluid flow. For practical reasons, the finite element method, used more often for solving problems in solid mechanics, and covered extensively in various other texts, has been excluded. The book is intended for beginning graduate students and early career professionals, although advanced undergraduate students may find it equally useful. The material is meant to serve as a prerequisite for students who might go on to take additional courses in computational mechanics, computational fluid dynamics, or computational electromagnetics. The notations, language, and technical jargon used in the book can be easily understood by scientists and engineers who may not have had graduate-level applied mathematics or computer science courses. Presents one of the few available resources that comprehensively describes and demonstrates the finite volume method for unstructured mesh used frequently by practicing code developers in industry Includes step-by-step algorithms and code snippets in each chapter that enables the reader to make the transition from equations on the page to working codes Includes 51 worked out examples that comprehensively demonstrate important mathematical steps, algorithms, and coding practices required to numerically solve PDEs, as well as how to interpret the results from both physical and mathematic perspectives
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Recent Developments in Discontinuous Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Partial Differential Equations

2012 John H Barrett Memorial Lectures

Author: Xiaobing Feng,Ohannes Karakashian,Yulong Xing

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319018183

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 1287

The field of discontinuous Galerkin finite element methods has attracted considerable recent attention from scholars in the applied sciences and engineering. This volume brings together scholars working in this area, each representing a particular theme or direction of current research. Derived from the 2012 Barrett Lectures at the University of Tennessee, the papers reflect the state of the field today and point toward possibilities for future inquiry. The longer survey lectures, delivered by Franco Brezzi and Chi-Wang Shu, respectively, focus on theoretical aspects of discontinuous Galerkin methods for elliptic and evolution problems. Other papers apply DG methods to cases involving radiative transport equations, error estimates, and time-discrete higher order ALE functions, among other areas. Combining focused case studies with longer sections of expository discussion, this book will be an indispensable reference for researchers and students working with discontinuous Galerkin finite element methods and its applications.
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Partial Differential Equations with Numerical Methods

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540887067

Category: Mathematics

Page: 262

View: 1227

The main theme is the integration of the theory of linear PDE and the theory of finite difference and finite element methods. For each type of PDE, elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic, the text contains one chapter on the mathematical theory of the differential equation, followed by one chapter on finite difference methods and one on finite element methods. The chapters on elliptic equations are preceded by a chapter on the two-point boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations. Similarly, the chapters on time-dependent problems are preceded by a chapter on the initial-value problem for ordinary differential equations. There is also one chapter on the elliptic eigenvalue problem and eigenfunction expansion. The presentation does not presume a deep knowledge of mathematical and functional analysis. The required background on linear functional analysis and Sobolev spaces is reviewed in an appendix. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of applied mathematics and engineering.
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Analysis of a Finite Element Method

PDE/PROTRAN

Author: Granville Sewell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468463314

Category: Mathematics

Page: 154

View: 5330

This text can be used for two quite different purposes. It can be used as a reference book for the PDElPROTRAN user· who wishes to know more about the methods employed by PDE/PROTRAN Edition 1 (or its predecessor, TWODEPEP) in solving two-dimensional partial differential equations. However, because PDE/PROTRAN solves such a wide class of problems, an outline of the algorithms contained in PDElPROTRAN is also quite suitable as a text for an introductory graduate level finite element course. Algorithms which solve elliptic, parabolic, hyperbolic, and eigenvalue partial differential equation problems are pre sented, as are techniques appropriate for treatment of singularities, curved boundaries, nonsymmetric and nonlinear problems, and systems of PDEs. Direct and iterative linear equation solvers are studied. Although the text emphasizes those algorithms which are actually implemented in PDEI PROTRAN, and does not discuss in detail one- and three-dimensional problems, or collocation and least squares finite element methods, for example, many of the most commonly used techniques are studied in detail. Algorithms applicable to general problems are naturally emphasized, and not special purpose algorithms which may be more efficient for specialized problems, such as Laplace's equation. It can be argued, however, that the student will better understand the finite element method after seeing the details of one successful implementation than after seeing a broad overview of the many types of elements, linear equation solvers, and other options in existence.
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