Film, Comedy, and Disability

Understanding Humour and Genre in Cinematic Constructions of Impairment and Disability

Author: Alison Wilde

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317135245

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 9425

Comedy and humour have frequently played a key role in disabled people’s lives, for better or for worse. Comedy has also played a crucial part in constructing cultural representations of disability and impairments, contributing to the formation and maintenance of cultural attitudes towards disabled people, and potentially shaping disabled people’s images of themselves. As a complex and often polysemic form of communication, there is a need for greater understanding of the way we make meanings from comedy. This is the first book which explores the specific role of comedic film genres in representations of disability and impairment. Wilde argues that there is a need to explore different ways to synthesise Critical/Disability Studies with Film Studies approaches, and that a better understanding of genre conventions is necessary if we are to understand the conditions of possibility for new representational forms and challenges to ableism. After a discussion of the possibilities of a ‘fusion’ between Disability Studies and Film Studies, and a consideration of the relationships of comedy to disability, Wilde undertakes analysis of contemporary films from the romantic comedy, satire, and gross-out genres. Analysis is focused upon the place of disabled and non-disabled people in particular films, considering visual, audio, and narrative dimensions of representation and the ways they might shape the expectations of film audiences. This book is of particular value to those in Film and Media Studies, and Critical/Disability Studies, especially for those who are investigating more inclusive practices in cultural representation.
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Disability and Music Performance

Author: Alejandro Alberto Téllez Vargas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351612875

Category: Music

Page: 182

View: 1858

Disability and Music Performance examines discriminatory social practices in music conservatoria, orchestras, music festivals and music competitions, which limit disabled people’s access to music performance at a professional level. Of particular interest are the disabling barriers that musicians with an intellectual, physical, sensory or neurological disability—or an acquired brain injury—encounter in the world of Western classical music, both as students and as professional performers. This book collects data in the form of semi-structured interviews and video and audio recordings to explore the voice, concerns and suggestions expressed by musicians with disabilities. It examines their perceptions of both inclusive and discriminatory practices in music institutions as well as the representation of, and audio-visual recordings by, key musical figures with disabilities. Its findings aim to contribute to the wellbeing of musicians with impairments by challenging disabling social practices that see them as inferior. This publication offers performers, teachers and researchers new perspectives for exploring some of the most common social dynamics in encounters between normative audiences, musicians and music critics, and musicians with disabilities. It invites the reader to recognise disability as a rightful identity category in music performance and to dismantle the disabling barriers that limit the participation of disabled people in music-making.
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Interdisciplinary Approaches to Disability

Looking Towards the Future:

Author: Katie Ellis,Rosemarie Garland-Thomson,Mike Kent,Rachel Robertson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351053205

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 2831

How can a deep engagement with disability studies change our understanding of sociology, literary studies, gender studies, aesthetics, bioethics, social work, law, education, or history? Interdisciplinary Approaches to Disability (the companion volume to Manifestos for the Future of Critical Disability Studies) identifies both the practical and theoretical implications of such an interdisciplinary dialogue and challenges people in disability studies as well as other disciplinary fields to critically reflect on their professional praxis in terms of theory, practice, and methods. Topics covered include interdisciplinary outlooks ranging from media studies, games studies, education, performance, history and curation through to theology and immunology. Perspectives are drawn from different regions from the European Union to the Global South with chapters that draw on a range of different national backgrounds. Our contributors who write as either disabled people or allies do not proceed from a singular approach to disability, often reflecting different or even opposing positions. The collection features contributions from both established and new voices in international disability studies outlining their own visions for the future of the field. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Disability will be of interest to all scholars and students working within the fields of disability studies, cultural studies, sociology, law history and education. The concerns raised here are further in Manifestos for the Future of Critical Disability Studies.
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Manifestos for the Future of Critical Disability Studies

Author: Katie Ellis,Rosemarie Garland-Thomson,Mike Kent,Rachel Robertson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351053329

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 3741

This collection identifies the key tensions and conflicts being debated within the field of critical disability studies and provides both an outline of the field in its current form and offers manifestos for its future direction. Traversing a number of disciplines from science and technology studies to maternal studies, the collection offers a transdisciplinary vision for the future of critical disability studies. Some common thematic concerns emerge across the book such as digital futures, the usefulness of anger, creativity, family as disability allies, intersectionality, ethics, eugenics, accessibility and interdisciplinarity. However, the contributors who write as either disabled people or allies do not proceed from a singular approach to disability, often reflecting different or even opposing positions on these issues. Containing contributions from established and new voices in disability studies outlining their own manifesto for the future of the field, this book will be of interest to all scholars and students working within the fields of disability studies, cultural studies, sociology, law, history and education. The concerns introduced here are further explored in its sister volume Interdisciplinary approaches to disability: looking towards the future.
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Disability in German Literature, Film, and Theater

Author: Eleoma Joshua,Michael Schillmeier,Michael W. J. Schillmeier

Publisher: Camden House

ISBN: 157113428X

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 9279

Cutting-edge application of the insights of Disability Studies to the German cultural field.
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The Changing Face of Evil in Film and Television

Author: Martin F. Norden

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042023244

Category: Computers

Page: 244

View: 7436

The popular media of film and television surround us daily with images of evil - images that have often gone critically unexamined. In the belief that people in ever-increasing numbers are turning to the media for their understanding of evil, this lively and provocative collection of essays addresses the changing representation of evil in a broad spectrum of films and television programmes. Written in refreshingly accessible and de-jargonised prose, the essays bring to bear a variety of philosophical and critical perspectives on works ranging from the cinema of famed director Alfred Hitchcock and the preternatural horror films Halloween and Friday the 13th to the understated documentary Human Remains and the television coverage of the immediate post-9/11 period. The Changing Face of Evil in Film and Television is for anyone interested in the moving-image representation of that pervasive yet highly misunderstood thing we call evil.ContentsMartin F. NORDEN: Introduction Matthew SOAR: The Bite at the Beginning: Encoding Evil Through Film Title Design Linda BRADLEY SALAMON: Screening Evil in History: Rope, Compulsion, Scarface, Richard III Mike FRANK: The Radical Monism of Alfred Hitchcock Cynthia FREELAND: Natural Evil in the Horror Film: Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds Matt HILLS and Steven Jay SCHNEIDER: ?The Devil Made Me Do It!?: Representing Evil and Disarticulating Mind/Body in the Supernatural Serial Killer Film Thomas HIBBS: Virtue, Vice, and the Harry Potter UniverseRobin R. MEANS COLEMAN and Jasmine Nicole COBB: Training Day and The Shield: Evil Cops and the Taint of Blackness Martin F. NORDEN: The ?Uncanny? Relationship of Disability and Evil in Film and Television Carlo CELLI: Comedy and the Holocaust in Roberto Benigni's Life is Beautiful/La vita e bella Garnet C. BUTCHART:. On the Void: The Fascinating Object of Evil in Human RemainsJohn F. STONE:. The Perfidious President and ?The Beast?: Evil in Oliver Stone's NixonGary R. EDGERTON, William B. HART, and Frances HASSENCAHL: Televising 9/11 and Its Aftermath: The Framing of George W. Bush's Faith-Based Politics of Good and Evil Bibliography Notes on Contributors Index
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The Politics of Age and Disability in Contemporary Spanish Film

Plus Ultra Pluralism

Author: Matthew J. Marr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415808367

Category: Art

Page: 194

View: 5594

The Politics of Age and Disability in Contemporary Spanish Filmexamines the onscreen construction of adolescent, elderly, and disabled subjects in Spanish cinema from 1992 to the present. Applying a dual lens of film analysis and theory drawn from the allied fields of youth, age, and disability studies, this study is set both within and against a conversation on cultural diversity—with respect to gender, sexual, and ethnic identity—which has driven not only much of the past decade’s most visible and fruitful scholarship on representation in Spanish film, but also the broader parameters of discourse on post-Transition Spain in the humanities. Presenting an engaging, and heretofore under-explored, interdisciplinary approach to images of multiculturalism in what has emerged as one of recent Spain’s most vibrant areas of cultural production, this book brings a fresh, while still complementary, critical sensibility to the field of contemporary Peninsular film studies through its detailed discussion of six contemporary films (by Salvador García Ruiz, Achero Mañas, Santiago Aguilar & Luis Guridi, Marcos Carnevale, Alejandro Amenábar, and Pedro Almodóvar) and supporting reference to the production of other prominent and emerging filmmakers.
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The Cinema of Isolation

A History of Physical Disability in the Movies

Author: Martin F. Norden

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813521046

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 384

View: 1637

Filmmakers have often encouraged us to regard people with physical disabilities in terms of pity, awe, humor, or fearas "Others" who somehow deserve to be isolated from the rest of society. In this first history of the portrayal of physical disability in the movies, Martin Norden examines hundreds of Hollywood movies (and notable international ones), finds their place within mainstream society, and uncovers the movie industry's practices for maintaining the status quokeeping people with disabilities dependent and "in their place." Norden offers a dazzling array of physically disabled characters who embody or break out of the stereotypes that have both influenced and been symptomatic of societys fluctuating relationship with its physically disabled minority. He shows us "sweet innocents" like Tiny Tim, "obsessive avengers" like Quasimodo, variations on the disabled veteran, and many others. He observes the arrival of a new set of stereotypes tied to the growth of science and technology in the 1970s and 1980s, and underscores movies like My Left Foot and The Waterdance that display a newfound sensitivity. Nordens in-depth knowledge of disability history makes for a particularly intelligent and sensitive approach to this long-overlooked issue in media studies.
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Die Psychopathen sind unter uns

Eine Reise zu den Schaltstellen der Macht

Author: Jon Ronson

Publisher: Tropen

ISBN: 3608102949

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 9528

Alles beginnt mit einem mysteriösen Päckchen, das an Neurologen auf der ganzen Welt verschickt wird. Es enthält ein unheimliches Buch, eine Nachricht, aber keinen Absender! Alle sind sich einig: Hier ist ein Psychopath am Werk! Jon Ronson versucht, das Rätsel zu lösen, und begibt sich auf eine filmreife Mission, die so wahr wie gruselig ist. Seine Recherche führt ihn zu »Tony«, einem verurteilten Mörder und diagnostizierten Psychopathen, der beteuert, einer Fehldiagnose zum Opfer gefallen zu sein. Jon wird auf seiner Reise schnell klar, wo sich die meisten Psychopathen aufhalten: Sie bewegen sich inmitten der Gesellschaft, sie sitzen an den Schalthebeln der Macht, sind Firmenbosse, Politiker und spielen in der Finanzwelt eine führende Rolle - kurzum: Sie lenken sogar unsere Gesellschaft.
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Sushi für Anfänger

Roman

Author: Marian Keyes

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641119391

Category: Fiction

Page: 624

View: 8208

Scharfzüngig, witzig, gefühlvoll Warum ausgerechnet Dublin? Die ehrgeizige Londoner Moderedakteurin Lisa ist stinksauer, als sie anstatt zu den Laufstegen New Yorks in die nasskalte irische Hauptstadt versetzt wird. Wie soll sie dort, wo man ihrer Meinung nach von Lifestyle nichts versteht, ein erfolgreiches Frauenmagazin aufbauen? Aber Lisa ist fest entschlossen, es den irischen Provinzlern so richtig zu zeigen. Schon bald jedoch merkt sie, dass sie ihre neuen Kollegen gewaltig unterschätzt hat ...
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Deine Juliet

Roman

Author: Mary Ann Shaffer,Annie Barrows

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641184509

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

View: 5787

Willkommen im Club der Guernseyer Freunde von Dichtung und Kartfoffelschalenauflauf London, Ende der vierziger Jahre: Die junge Schriftstellerin Juliet erhält einen ungewöhnlichen Brief. Absender ist Dawsey Adams, ein Bauer von der Kanalinsel Guernsey, der antiquarisch ein Buch erworben hat, das zuvor ihr gehörte. Zwischen den beiden entspinnt sich ein Briefwechsel, durch den Juliet von der Existenz der »Guernseyer Freunde von Dichtung und Kartoffelschalenauflauf« erfährt, einer literarischen Gesellschaft, die einige der Inselbewohner gründeten, um sich über die schwere Kriegszeit hinwegzuhelfen. Je mehr Juliet über Dawsey und die anderen erfährt, desto mehr wünscht sie sich diese Menschen zu treffen. Und so beschließt sie, auf die Insel zu reisen. Dort stößt Juliet auf die Geschichte von Elizabeth, einem verschollenen Mitglied des Clubs, und ihrer großen Liebe zu einem deutschen Offizier. Und sie lernt Dawsey immer besser kennen...
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Picturing Disability

Beggar, Freak, Citizen, and Other Photographic Rhetoric

Author: Robert Bogdan,Martin Elks,James A. Knoll

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815633025

Category: Photography

Page: 198

View: 9502

Midget, feeble-minded, crippled, lame, and insane: these terms and the historical photographs that accompany them may seem shocking to present-day audiences. In this book, Bogdan and his collaborators gather over 200 historical photographs showing how people with disabilities have been presented over the years.
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Comedy and the Politics of Representation

Mocking the Weak

Author: Helen Davies,Sarah Ilott

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319905066

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 5024

This edited collection explores the representations of identity in comedy and interrogates the ways in which “humorous” constructions of gender, sexuality, ethnicity, religion, class and disability raise serious issues about privilege, agency and oppression in popular culture. Should there be limits to free speech when humour is aimed at marginalised social groups? What are the limits of free speech when comedy pokes fun at those who hold social power? Can taboo joking be used towards politically progressive ends? Can stereotypes be mocked through their re-invocation? Comedy and the Politics of Representation: Mocking the Weak breaks new theoretical ground by demonstrating how the way people are represented mediates the triadic relationship set up in comedy between teller, audience and butt of the joke. By bringing together a selection of essays from international scholars, this study unpacks and examines the dynamic role that humour plays in making and remaking identity and power relations in culture and society.
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Jahrmarkt der Eitelkeit (Vanity Fair)

Author: William Makepeace Thackeray

Publisher: Musaicum Books

ISBN: 8027210631

Category: Fiction

Page: 992

View: 2049

Jahrmarkt der Eitelkeit (Vanity Fair) ist ein wichtiges Werk des englischen Schriftstellers William Makepeace Thackeray. Der Gesellschaftsroman bietet ein facettenreiches, alle sozialen Klassen einschließendes Bild der Londoner Gesellschaft zu Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts und zeichnet sich durch seinen ironischen Stil und seine präzise Darstellung der handelnden Figuren und ihrer Charaktere aus. Die Geschichte beginnt in Miss Pinkertons "Erziehungsanstalt für junge Damen", wo Becky Sharp und Amelia Sedley soeben ihr Studium abgeschlossen haben und sich auf ihre Abreise in Amelias Haus am Russell Square vorbereiten. Becky wird als willensstarke und gewandte junge Frau beschrieben, die entschlossen ist, sich in der Gesellschaft zu behaupten und ihren Weg zu gehen, Amelia hingegen als gutmütiges, liebenswertes, aber einfältiges junges Mädchen. Am Russell Square wird Becky Sharp dem schneidigen, egozentrischen Captain George Osborne vorgestellt (mit dem Amelia von frühester Jugend an verlobt ist), sowie auch Amelias Bruder, Joseph "Joe" Sedley, einem tollpatschigen und prahlerischen, aber reichen Angehörigen der Britischen Ostindien-Kompanie, der gerade ins Vereinigte Königreich zurückgekehrt ist. William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863) war ein englischer Schriftsteller und gilt neben Charles Dickens und George Eliot als bedeutendster englischsprachiger Romancier des Viktorianischen Zeitalters.
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Fantasies of Identification

Disability, Gender, Race

Author: Ellen Samuels

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479821373

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 7337

In the mid-nineteenth-century United States, as it became increasingly difficult to distinguish between bodies understood as black, white, or Indian; able-bodied or disabled; and male or female, intense efforts emerged to define these identities as biologically distinct and scientifically verifiable in a literally marked body. Combining literary analysis, legal history, and visual culture, Ellen Samuels traces the evolution of the “fantasy of identification”—the powerful belief that embodied social identities are fixed, verifiable, and visible through modern science. From birthmarks and fingerprints to blood quantum and DNA, she examines how this fantasy has circulated between cultural representations, law, science, and policy to become one of the most powerfully institutionalized ideologies of modern society. Yet, as Samuels demonstrates, in every case, the fantasy distorts its claimed scientific basis, substituting subjective language for claimed objective fact. From its early emergence in discourses about disability fakery and fugitive slaves in the nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation in the question of sex testing at the 2012 Olympic Games, Fantasies of Identification explores the roots of modern understandings of bodily identity.
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Hideous Progeny

Disability, Eugenics, and Classic Horror Cinema

Author: Angela Smith

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527853

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 384

View: 7662

Twisted bodies, deformed faces, aberrant behavior, and abnormal desires characterized the hideous creatures of classic Hollywood horror, which thrilled audiences with their sheer grotesqueness. Most critics have interpreted these traits as symptoms of sexual repression or as metaphors for other kinds of marginalized identities, yet Angela M. Smith conducts a richer investigation into the period's social and cultural preoccupations. She finds instead a fascination with eugenics and physical and cognitive debility in the narrative and spectacle of classic 1930s horror, heightened by the viewer's desire for visions of vulnerability and transformation. Reading such films as Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (1931), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931), Freaks (1932), and Mad Love (1935) against early-twentieth-century disability discourse and propaganda on racial and biological purity, Smith showcases classic horror's dependence on the narratives of eugenics and physiognomics. She also notes the genre's conflicted and often contradictory visualizations. Smith ultimately locates an indictment of biological determinism in filmmakers' visceral treatments, which take the impossibility of racial improvement and bodily perfection to sensationalistic heights. Playing up the artifice and conventions of disabled monsters, filmmakers exploited the fears and yearnings of their audience, accentuating both the perversity of the medical and scientific gaze and the debilitating experience of watching horror. Classic horror films therefore encourage empathy with the disabled monster, offering captive viewers an unsettling encounter with their own impairment. Smith's work profoundly advances cinema and disability studies, in addition to general histories concerning the construction of social and political attitudes toward the Other.
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Extraordinary Measures

Disability in Music

Author: Joseph N. Straus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199831408

Category: Music

Page: 224

View: 394

Approaching disability as a cultural construction rather than a medical pathology, this book studies the impact of disability and concepts of disability on composers, performers, and listeners with disabilities, as well as on discourse about music and works of music themselves. For composers with disabilities--like Beethoven, Delius, and Schumann--awareness of the disability sharply inflects critical reception. For performers with disabilities--such as Itzhak Perlman and Evelyn Glennie--the performance of disability and the performance of music are deeply intertwined. For listeners with disabilities, extraordinary bodies and minds may give rise to new ways of making sense of music. In the stories that people tell about music, and in the stories that music itself tells, disability has long played a central but unrecognized role. Some of these stories are narratives of overcoming-the triumph of the human spirit over adversity-but others are more nuanced tales of accommodation and acceptance of life with a non-normative body or mind. In all of these ways, music both reflects and constructs disability.
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