Film, Comedy, and Disability

Understanding Humour and Genre in Cinematic Constructions of Impairment and Disability

Author: Alison Wilde

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317135245

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 5634

Comedy and humour have frequently played a key role in disabled people’s lives, for better or for worse. Comedy has also played a crucial part in constructing cultural representations of disability and impairments, contributing to the formation and maintenance of cultural attitudes towards disabled people, and potentially shaping disabled people’s images of themselves. As a complex and often polysemic form of communication, there is a need for greater understanding of the way we make meanings from comedy. This is the first book which explores the specific role of comedic film genres in representations of disability and impairment. Wilde argues that there is a need to explore different ways to synthesise Critical/Disability Studies with Film Studies approaches, and that a better understanding of genre conventions is necessary if we are to understand the conditions of possibility for new representational forms and challenges to ableism. After a discussion of the possibilities of a ‘fusion’ between Disability Studies and Film Studies, and a consideration of the relationships of comedy to disability, Wilde undertakes analysis of contemporary films from the romantic comedy, satire, and gross-out genres. Analysis is focused upon the place of disabled and non-disabled people in particular films, considering visual, audio, and narrative dimensions of representation and the ways they might shape the expectations of film audiences. This book is of particular value to those in Film and Media Studies, and Critical/Disability Studies, especially for those who are investigating more inclusive practices in cultural representation.
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Film Comedy and the American Dream

Author: Zach Sands

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135160029X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 170

View: 1350

Film Comedy and the American Dream is an examination of national identity in the era of the American superpower as projected in popular comedic films that center on issues of upward mobility. It is the story of what made audiences laugh and why, and what this says about the changing shape of the American Dream from the end of the Second World War through the first part of the twenty-first century. Through a combination of narrative and thematic analyses of popular comedic films, contextualized within a dynamic historical framework, the book traces the increasing disillusionment with this central ideology in the face of multiple forms of systemic exclusion. It argues that film comedy is a major component of the discourse surrounding the American Dream because these movies often evoke humor by highlighting the incongruities that exist between the ideals that define this nation versus the actual lived experiences of its citizens.
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Silent Film Comedy and American Culture

Author: Alan Bilton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137020253

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 7817

This absorbing study of early 20th Century American Culture interprets the anarchic absurdity of slapstick movies as a form of collective anxiety dream, their fantastical images and illogical gags expressing the unconscious wishes and fears of the modern age, in a way that foreshadows the concerns of our own celebrity-obsessed consumer culture.
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Film Comedy

Author: Geoff King

Publisher: Wallflower Press

ISBN: 9781903364352

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 230

View: 8244

With a foreword by Edward O. Wilson, this book brings together internationally known experts from the scientific, societal, and conservation policy areas who address policy responses to the problem of biodiversity loss: how to determine conservation priorities in a scientific fashion, how to weigh the long-term, often hidden value of conservation against the more immediate value of land development, the need for education in areas of rapid population growth, and how lack of knowledge about biodiversity can impede conservation efforts. United in their belief that conservation of biological diversity is a primary concern of humankind, the contributing authors address the full scope of global biodiversity and its decline--the threatened marine life and extinction of many mammals in the modern era in relation to global patterns of development, and the implications of biodiversity loss for human health, agricultural productivity, and the economy. The Living Planet in Crisis is the result of a conference of the American Museum of Natural History's Center for Biodiversity and Conservation.
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The Funny Parts

A History of Film Comedy Routines and Gags

Author: Anthony Balducci

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 078648893X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 314

View: 5996

"Classic comedy routines and individual gags have been around for hundreds of years; the best of these making their way through theater, circus, film and television, surviving to present day. As these timeless comedy gems are traced to their beginnings and followed through the years, readers are taken on a mirthful journey from Keystone to Zombieland"--Provided by publisher.
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Mock Classicism

Latin American Film Comedy, 1930–1960

Author: Nilo Couret

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520969162

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 296

View: 9925

In Mock Classicism Nilo Couret presents an alternate history of Latin American cinema that traces the popularity and cultural significance of film comedies as responses to modernization and the forerunners to a more explicitly political New Latin American Cinema of the 1960s. By examining the linguistic play of comedians such as Cantinflas, Oscarito and Grande Otelo, Niní Marshall, and Luis Sandrini, the author demonstrates aspects of Latin American comedy that operate via embodiment on one hand and spatiotemporal emplacement on the other. Taken together, these parallel examples of comedic practice demonstrate how Latin American film comedies produce a "critically proximate" spectator who is capable of perceiving and organizing space and time differently. Combining close readings of films, archival research, film theory, and Latin American history, Mock Classicism rethinks classicism as a discourse that mediates and renders the world and argues that Latin American cinema became classical in distinct ways from Hollywood.
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Class, Language, and American Film Comedy

Author: Christopher Beach

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521002097

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 241

View: 6594

Examines the use of class in the American film comedy, from the 1930s to present.
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A Companion to Film Comedy

Author: Andrew Horton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119169550

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 584

View: 9250

This wide-ranging celebration of the variety and complexity of international film comedy covers work from the days of silent movies to the present on a global scale, including Europe, the Middle East and Asia as well as the United States.
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Disability and Music Performance

Author: Alejandro Alberto Téllez Vargas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351612875

Category: Music

Page: 182

View: 9741

Disability and Music Performance examines discriminatory social practices in music conservatoria, orchestras, music festivals and music competitions, which limit disabled people’s access to music performance at a professional level. Of particular interest are the disabling barriers that musicians with an intellectual, physical, sensory or neurological disability—or an acquired brain injury—encounter in the world of Western classical music, both as students and as professional performers. This book collects data in the form of semi-structured interviews and video and audio recordings to explore the voice, concerns and suggestions expressed by musicians with disabilities. It examines their perceptions of both inclusive and discriminatory practices in music institutions as well as the representation of, and audio-visual recordings by, key musical figures with disabilities. Its findings aim to contribute to the wellbeing of musicians with impairments by challenging disabling social practices that see them as inferior. This publication offers performers, teachers and researchers new perspectives for exploring some of the most common social dynamics in encounters between normative audiences, musicians and music critics, and musicians with disabilities. It invites the reader to recognise disability as a rightful identity category in music performance and to dismantle the disabling barriers that limit the participation of disabled people in music-making.
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Cultural Disability Studies in Education

Interdisciplinary Navigations of the Normative Divide

Author: David Bolt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351593447

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 2791

Over the last few decades disability studies has emerged not only as a discipline in itself but also as a catalyst for cultural disability studies and Disability Studies in Education. In this book the three areas become united in a new field that recognises education as a discourse between tutors and students who explore representations of disability on the levels of everything from academic disciplines and knowledge to language and theory; from received understandings and social attitudes to narrative and characterisation. Moving from late nineteenth to early twenty-first-century representations, this book combines disability studies with aesthetics, film studies, Holocaust studies, gender studies, happiness studies, popular music studies, humour studies, and media studies. In so doing it encourages discussion around representations of disability in drama, novels, films, autobiography, short stories, music videos, sitcoms, and advertising campaigns. Discussions are underpinned by the tripartite model of disability and so disrupt one-dimensional representations. Cultural Disability Studies in Education encourages educators and students to engage with disability as an isolating, hurtful, and joyful experience that merits multiple levels of representation and offers true potential for a non-normative social aesthetic. It will be required reading for all scholars and students of disability studies, cultural disability studies, Disability Studies in Education, sociology, and cultural studies.
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Disability, Gender and Violence over the Life Course

Global Perspectives and Human Rights Approaches

Author: Sonali Shah,Caroline Bradbury-Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351619098

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 9308

This is the first book to explore the interplay of disability, gender and violence over the life course from researcher, practitioner and survivor perspectives. It gives due weight to the accounts of disabled children and adults who have survived institutional or individual violence, evidencing barriers to recognition, disclosure and reporting. Written by disabled and non-disabled women from around the world, Disability, Gender and Violence over the Life Course addresses the dearth of voices and experiences of disabled women and girls in empirical research, policy and practice on issues of violence, victimisation, protection, support and prevention. Divided into three parts – Childhood, Adulthood and Older Life – this collection offers diverse perspectives on the intersectionality of disability, age, ethnicity, sexuality and violence that have hitherto been absent. This book will be an invaluable resource for students and practitioners of multiple fields of practice and academic studies, including health and social care, nursing, social work, childhood studies, gender studies, disability studies, safeguarding and child protection, equality and human rights, sociology and criminology.
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Comedy and the Politics of Representation

Mocking the Weak

Author: Helen Davies,Sarah Ilott

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319905066

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 8711

This edited collection explores the representations of identity in comedy and interrogates the ways in which “humorous” constructions of gender, sexuality, ethnicity, religion, class and disability raise serious issues about privilege, agency and oppression in popular culture. Should there be limits to free speech when humour is aimed at marginalised social groups? What are the limits of free speech when comedy pokes fun at those who hold social power? Can taboo joking be used towards politically progressive ends? Can stereotypes be mocked through their re-invocation? Comedy and the Politics of Representation: Mocking the Weak breaks new theoretical ground by demonstrating how the way people are represented mediates the triadic relationship set up in comedy between teller, audience and butt of the joke. By bringing together a selection of essays from international scholars, this study unpacks and examines the dynamic role that humour plays in making and remaking identity and power relations in culture and society.
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Another Fine Mess

A History of American Film Comedy

Author: Saul Austerlitz

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 1569767637

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 576

View: 6895

From "City Lights" to "Knocked Up," this history examines American film from the perspective of its unwanted stepbrother, the comedy, and puts the comic titans of the present in the context of their predecessors. The 30 chapters and 100 essays follow the connections that link Mae West to Marilyn Monroe and W. C. Fields to Will Ferrell. Offering unvarnished insight into comedians and directors such as Buster Keaton, Christopher Guest, Eddie Murphy, and Ben Stiller, this eye-opening, entertaining, and enlightening tour encompasses the masterpieces, the box-office smashes, and all the little-known gems in between. Laurel and Hardy, Marilyn Monroe, Peter Sellers, Mel Brooks, Richard Pryor, Steve Martin, and the Coen Brothers are among others profiled, while a list of the top-100 American film comedies is also included.
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Manifestos for the Future of Critical Disability Studies

Author: Katie Ellis,Rosemarie Garland-Thomson,Mike Kent,Rachel Robertson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351053329

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 4315

This collection identifies the key tensions and conflicts being debated within the field of critical disability studies and provides both an outline of the field in its current form and offers manifestos for its future direction. Traversing a number of disciplines from science and technology studies to maternal studies, the collection offers a transdisciplinary vision for the future of critical disability studies. Some common thematic concerns emerge across the book such as digital futures, the usefulness of anger, creativity, family as disability allies, intersectionality, ethics, eugenics, accessibility and interdisciplinarity. However, the contributors who write as either disabled people or allies do not proceed from a singular approach to disability, often reflecting different or even opposing positions on these issues. Containing contributions from established and new voices in disability studies outlining their own manifesto for the future of the field, this book will be of interest to all scholars and students working within the fields of disability studies, cultural studies, sociology, law, history and education. The concerns introduced here are further explored in its sister volume Interdisciplinary approaches to disability: looking towards the future.
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High Comedy in American Movies

Class and Humor from the 1920s to the Present

Author: Steve Vineberg

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742526341

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 209

View: 4995

High Comedy in American Movies explores the 'comedy of manners' film throughout the twentieth century, from the advent of movie sound to recent films, and shows how class comedy's inside view of the aristocratic lifestyle has been influenced by the culture and times in which the movies are produced. Easily accessible, this book makes an engaging supplement to courses in American film, film genre, and film studies.
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Pursuits of Happiness

The Hollywood Comedy of Remarriage

Author: Stanley Cavell

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674739062

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 283

View: 5279

Looks at seven classic romantic comedies of the thirties and forties, and compares what each film expresses about marriage, interdependence, equality, and sexual roles
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Redefining Black Film

Author: Mark A. Reid

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520912847

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 170

View: 7316

Can films about black characters, produced by white filmmakers, be considered "black films"? In answering this question, Mark Reid reassesses black film history, carefully distinguishing between films controlled by blacks and films that utilize black talent, but are controlled by whites. Previous black film criticism has "buried" the true black film industry, Reid says, by concentrating on films that are about, but not by, blacks. Reid's discussion of black independent films—defined as films that focus on the black community and that are written, directed, produced, and distributed by blacks—ranges from the earliest black involvement at the turn of the century up through the civil rights movement of the Sixties and the recent resurgence of feminism in black cultural production. His critical assessment of work by some black filmmakers such as Spike Lee notes how these films avoid dramatizations of sexism, homophobia, and classism within the black community. In the area of black commercial film controlled by whites, Reid considers three genres: African-American comedy, black family film, and black action film. He points out that even when these films use black writers and directors, a black perspective rarely surfaces. Reid's innovative critical approach, which transcends the "black-image" language of earlier studies—and at the same time redefines black film—makes an important contribution to film history. Certain to attract film scholars, this work will also appeal to anyone interested in African-American and Women's Studies.
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Cultural Locations of Disability

Author: Sharon L. Snyder,David T. Mitchell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226767307

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 4988

In Cultural Locations of Disability, Sharon L. Snyder and David T. Mitchell trace how disabled people came to be viewed as biologically deviant. The eugenics era pioneered techniques that managed "defectives" through the application of therapies, invasive case histories, and acute surveillance techniques, turning disabled persons into subjects for a readily available research pool. In its pursuit of normalization, eugenics implemented disability regulations that included charity systems, marriage laws, sterilization, institutionalization, and even extermination. Enacted in enclosed disability locations, these practices ultimately resulted in expectations of segregation from the mainstream, leaving today's disability politics to focus on reintegration, visibility, inclusion, and the right of meaningful public participation. Snyder and Mitchell reveal cracks in the social production of human variation as aberrancy. From our modern obsessions with tidiness and cleanliness to our desire to attain perfect bodies, notions of disabilities as examples of human insufficiency proliferate. These disability practices infuse more general modes of social obedience at work today. Consequently, this important study explains how disabled people are instrumental to charting the passage from a disciplinary society to one based upon regulation of the self.
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The Changing Face of Evil in Film and Television

Author: Martin F. Norden

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042023244

Category: Computers

Page: 244

View: 2935

The popular media of film and television surround us daily with images of evil - images that have often gone critically unexamined. In the belief that people in ever-increasing numbers are turning to the media for their understanding of evil, this lively and provocative collection of essays addresses the changing representation of evil in a broad spectrum of films and television programmes. Written in refreshingly accessible and de-jargonised prose, the essays bring to bear a variety of philosophical and critical perspectives on works ranging from the cinema of famed director Alfred Hitchcock and the preternatural horror films Halloween and Friday the 13th to the understated documentary Human Remains and the television coverage of the immediate post-9/11 period. The Changing Face of Evil in Film and Television is for anyone interested in the moving-image representation of that pervasive yet highly misunderstood thing we call evil.ContentsMartin F. NORDEN: Introduction Matthew SOAR: The Bite at the Beginning: Encoding Evil Through Film Title Design Linda BRADLEY SALAMON: Screening Evil in History: Rope, Compulsion, Scarface, Richard III Mike FRANK: The Radical Monism of Alfred Hitchcock Cynthia FREELAND: Natural Evil in the Horror Film: Alfred Hitchcock's The Birds Matt HILLS and Steven Jay SCHNEIDER: ?The Devil Made Me Do It!?: Representing Evil and Disarticulating Mind/Body in the Supernatural Serial Killer Film Thomas HIBBS: Virtue, Vice, and the Harry Potter UniverseRobin R. MEANS COLEMAN and Jasmine Nicole COBB: Training Day and The Shield: Evil Cops and the Taint of Blackness Martin F. NORDEN: The ?Uncanny? Relationship of Disability and Evil in Film and Television Carlo CELLI: Comedy and the Holocaust in Roberto Benigni's Life is Beautiful/La vita e bella Garnet C. BUTCHART:. On the Void: The Fascinating Object of Evil in Human RemainsJohn F. STONE:. The Perfidious President and ?The Beast?: Evil in Oliver Stone's NixonGary R. EDGERTON, William B. HART, and Frances HASSENCAHL: Televising 9/11 and Its Aftermath: The Framing of George W. Bush's Faith-Based Politics of Good and Evil Bibliography Notes on Contributors Index
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