Film and Everyday Eco-Disasters

Author: Robin L. Murray,Joseph K. Heumann

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803255152

Category: Nature

Page: 296

View: 3904

Eco-disasters such as coal-mining accidents, oil spills, and food-borne diseases appear regularly in the news, making them seem nearly commonplace. These ecological crises highlight the continual tensions between human needs and the environmental impact these needs produce. Contemporary documentaries and feature films explore environmental-human conflicts by depicting the consequences of our overconsumption and dependence on nonrenewable energy. Film and Everyday Eco-disasters examines changing perspectives toward everyday eco-disasters as reflected in the work of filmmakers from the silent era forward, with an emphasis on recent films such as Dead Ahead, an HBO dramatization of the Exxon Valdez disaster; Total Recall, a science fiction action film highlighting oxygen as a commodity; The Devil Wears Prada, a comment on the fashion industry; and Food, Inc., a documentary interrogation of the food industry. The authors evaluate not only the success of these films as rhetorical arguments but also their rhetorical strategies. This interdisciplinary approach to film studies fuses cultural, economic, and literary critiques in articulating an approach to ecology that points to sustainable development as an alternative to resource exploitations and their associated everyday eco-disasters.
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Monstrous Nature

Environment and Horror on the Big Screen

Author: Robin L. Murray,Joseph K Heumann

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803285698

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 270

View: 6672

Godzilla, a traditional natural monster and representation of cinema’s subgenre of natural attack, also provides a cautionary symbol of the dangerous consequences of mistreating the natural world—monstrous nature on the attack. Horror films such as Godzilla invite an exploration of the complexities of a monstrous nature that humanity both creates and embodies. Robin L. Murray and Joseph K. Heumann demonstrate how the horror film and its offshoots can often be understood in relation to a monstrous nature that has evolved either deliberately or by accident and that generates fear in humanity as both character and audience. This connection between fear and the natural world opens up possibilities for ecocritical readings often missing from research on monstrous nature, the environment, and the horror film. Organized in relation to four recurring environmental themes in films that construct nature as a monster—anthropomorphism, human ecology, evolution, and gendered landscapes—the authors apply ecocritical perspectives to reveal the multiple ways nature is constructed as monstrous or in which the natural world itself constructs monsters. This interdisciplinary approach to film studies fuses cultural, theological, and scientific critiques to explore when and why nature becomes monstrous.
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Disaster Culture

Knowledge and Uncertainty in the Wake of Human and Environmental Catastrophe

Author: Gregory Button

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315430363

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

View: 6340

When disaster strikes, a ritual unfolds: a flood of experts, bureaucrats, and analysts rush to the scene; personal tragedies are played out in a barrage of media coverage; on the ground, confusion and uncertainty reign. In this major comparative study, Gregory Button draws on three decades of research on the most infamous human and environmental calamities to break new ground in our understanding of these moments of chaos. He explains how corporations, state agencies, social advocacy organizations, and other actors attempt to control disaster narratives, adopting public relations strategies that may either downplay or amplify a sense of uncertainty in order to advance political and policy goals. Importantly, he shows that disasters are not isolated events, offering a holistic account of the political dynamics of uncertainty in times of calamity.
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Environmental Disaster in the Gulf South

Two Centuries of Catastrophe, Risk, and Resilience

Author: Cindy Ermus

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 0807167126

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 436

Hurricanes, floods, oil spills, disease, and disappearing wetlands are some of the many environmental disasters that impact the Gulf South. The contributors to Environmental Disaster in the Gulf South explore the threat, frequency, and management of this region’s disasters from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. Scholars from the fields of history, sociology, and anthropology examine the underlying causes of vulnerability to natural hazards in the coastal states while also suggesting ways to increase resilience. Greg O’Brien considers the New Orleans flood of 1849; Andy Horowitz, the Galveston storm of 1900; and Christopher M. Church, the 1928 hurricane in Florida and the Caribbean. Urmi Engineer Willoughby delves into the turn-of-the-century yellow fever outbreaks in New Orleans and local attempts to eradicate them, while Abraham H. Gibson and Cindy Ermus discuss the human introduction of invasive species and their long-term impact on the region’s ecosystem. Roberto E. Barrios looks at political-ecological susceptibility in New Orleans’s Lower Ninth Ward, and Kevin Fox Gotham treats storm- and flood-defense infrastructures. In his afterword, Ted Steinberg ponders what the future holds when the capitalist state supports an unwinnable battle between land developers and nature. These case studies offer new ways of understanding humans’ interactions with the unique, and at times unforgiving, environment of the Gulf South. These lessons are particularly important as we cope with the effects of climate change and seek to build resilience and reduce vulnerability through enhanced awareness, adequate preparation, and efficient planning.
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Environmental Disasters

Author: Mary B. Woods,Michael Woods

Publisher: Lerner Publications

ISBN: 0761339760

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 9889

Describes environmental disasters, including oil spills, chemical leaks, toxic pollution, and nuclear accidents, and discusses how they impact people, wildlife, and the environment.
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Animal Horror Cinema

Genre, History and Criticism

Author: Katarina Gregersdotter,Johan Höglund,Nicklas Hållén

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137496398

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 248

View: 3384

This first full-length scholarly study about animal horror cinema defines the popular subgenre and describes its origin and history in the West. The chapters explore a variety of animal horror films from a number of different perspectives. This is an indispensable study for students and scholars of cinema, horror and animal studies.
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Ecocinema in the City

Author: Robin L. Murray,Joseph K. Heumann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351398245

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 214

View: 4448

In Ecocinema in the City, Murray and Heumann argue that urban ecocinema both reveals and critiques visions of urban environmentalism. The book emphasizes the increasingly transformative power of nature in urban settings, explored in both documentaries and fictional films such as Children Underground, White Dog, Hatari! and Lives Worth Living. The first two sections—"Evolutionary Myths Under the City" and "Urban Eco-trauma"—take more traditional ecocinema approaches and emphasize the city as a dangerous constructed space. The last two sections—"Urban Nature and Interdependence" and "The Sustainable City"—however, bring to life the vibrant relationships between human and nonhuman nature. Ecocinema in the City provides a space to explore these relationships, revealing how ecocinema shows that both human and nonhuman nature can interact sustainably and thrive.
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This Borrowed Earth

Lessons from the Fifteen Worst Environmental Disasters around the World

Author: Robert Emmet Hernan

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780230105270

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 2925

Over the last century mankind has irrevocably damaged the environment through the unscrupulous greed of big business and our own willful ignorance. Here are the strikingly poignant accounts of disasters whose names live in infamy: Chernobyl, Bhopal, Exxon Valdez, Three Mile Island, Love Canal, Minamata and others. And with these, the extraordinary and inspirational stories of the countless men and women who fought bravely to protect the communities and environments at risk.
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Different Shades of Green

African Literature, Environmental Justice, and Political Ecology

Author: Byron Caminero-Santangelo

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813936071

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 693

Engaging important discussions about social conflict, environmental change, and imperialism in Africa, Different Shades of Green points to legacies of African environmental writing, often neglected as a result of critical perspectives shaped by dominant Western conceptions of nature and environmentalism. Drawing on an interdisciplinary framework employing postcolonial studies, political ecology, environmental history, and writing by African environmental activists, Byron Caminero-Santangelo emphasizes connections within African environmental literature, highlighting how African writers have challenged unjust, ecologically destructive forms of imperial development and resource extraction. Different Shades of Green also brings into dialogue a wide range of African creative writing—including works by Chinua Achebe, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o, Bessie Head, Nadine Gordimer, Zakes Mda, Nuruddin Farah, Wangari Maathai, and Ken Saro-Wiwa—in order to explore vexing questions for those involved in the struggle for environmental justice, in the study of political ecology, and in the environmental humanities, urging continued imaginative thinking in effecting a more equitable, sustain¬able future in Africa.
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Ecology of Fear

Los Angeles And The Imagination Of Disaster

Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: Metropolitan Books

ISBN: 146686284X

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 2246

Los Angeles has become a magnet for the American apocalyptic imagination. Riot, fire, flood, earthquake...only locusts are missing from the almost biblical list of disasters that have struck the city in the 1990s. From Ventura to Laguna, more than one million Southern Californians have been directly touched by disaster-related death, injury, or damage to their homes and businesses. Middle-class apprehensions about angry underclasses are exceeded only by anxieties about blind thrust faults underlying downtown L.A. or about the firestorms that periodically incinerate Malibu. And the force of real catastrophe has been redoubled by the obsessive fictional destruction of Los Angeles--by aliens, comets, and twisters--in scores of novels and films. The former "Land of Sunshine" is now seen by much of the world, including many of L.A.'s increasingly nervous residents, as a veritable Book of the Apocalypse theme park. In this extraordinary book, Mike Davis, the author of City of Quartz and our most fascinating interpreter of the American metropolis, unravels the secret political history of disaster, real and imaginary, in Southern California. As he surveys the earthquakes of Santa Monica, the burning of Koreatown, the invasion of "man-eating" mountain lions, the movie Volcano, and even Los Angeles's underrated tornado problem, he exposes the deep complicity between social injustice and perceptions of natural disorder. Arguing that paranoia about nature obscures the fact that Los Angeles has deliberately put itself in harm's way, Davis reveals how market-driven urbanization has for generations transgressed against environmental common sense. And he shows that the floods, fires, and earthquakes reaped by the city were tragedies as avoidable--and unnatural--as the beating of Rodney King and the ensuing explosion in the streets. Rich with detail, bold and original, Ecology of Fear is a gripping reconnaissance into the urban future, an essential portrait of America at the millennium.
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Ecologies of the Moving Image

Cinema, Affect, Nature

Author: Adrian J. Ivakhiv

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554589061

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 435

View: 1478

This book presents an ecophilosophy of cinema: an account of the moving image in relation to the lived ecologies – material, social, and perceptual relations – within which movies are produced, consumed, and incorporated into cultural life. If cinema takes us on mental and emotional journeys, the author argues that those journeys that have reshaped our understanding of ourselves, life, and the Earth and universe. A range of styles are examined, from ethnographic and wildlife documentaries, westerns and road movies, sci-fi blockbusters and eco-disaster films to the experimental and art films of Tarkovsky, Herzog, Malick, and Brakhage, to YouTube’s expanding audio-visual universe.
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Environmental Hazards

Assessing Risk and Reducing Disaster

Author: Keith Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136647147

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 8570

The much expanded sixth edition of Environmental Hazards provides a fully up-to-date overview of all the extreme events that threaten people and what they value in the 21st century. It integrates cutting-edge material from the physical and social sciences to illustrate how natural and human systems interact to place communities of all sizes, and at all stages of economic development, at risk. It also explains in detail the various measures available to reduce the ongoing losses to life and property. Part One of this established textbook defines basic concepts of hazard, risk, vulnerability and disaster. Attention is given to the evolution of theory, to the scales and patterns of disaster impact and to the optimum management strategies needed to minimize the future impact of damaging events. Part Two employs a consistent chapter structure to demonstrate how individual hazards, such as earthquakes, severe storms, floods and droughts, plus biophysical and technological processes, create distinctive impacts and challenges throughout the world. The ways in which different societies can make positive responses to these threats are placed firmly in the context of sustainable development and global environmental change. This extensively revised edition includes: A new concluding chapter that summarizes the globalization of hazard and critically examines the latest perspectives on climate-related disasters Fresh perspectives on the reliability of disaster data, disaster risk reduction, severe storms, droughts and technological hazards More boxed sections with a focus on both generic issues and the lessons to be learned from a carefully selected range of recent extreme events An annotated list of key resources, including further reading and relevant websites, for all chapters 183 diagrams, now in full colour, and available to download on: www.routledge.com/9780415681063/ Over 30 colour photographs and more than 1,000 references to some of the most significant and recent published material. Environmental Hazards is a clearly-written, authoritative account of the causes and consequences of the extreme natural and technological processes that cause death and destruction across the globe. It draws on the latest research findings to guide the reader from common problems, theories and policies to explore practical, real-world situations and solutions. This carefully structured and balanced book captures the complexity and dynamism of environmental hazards and has become essential reading for students of every kind seeking to understand this most important contemporary issue.
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Green Documentary

Environmental Documentary in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Helen Hughes

Publisher: Intellect L & D E F A E

ISBN: 9781783201839

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 175

View: 8106

During the first decade of the 21st century, a stunning array of documentary films focusing on environmental issues, representing the world on the brink of ecological catastrophe, has been met with critical and popular acclaim. This book presents a study of environmental documentary filmmaking, offering a coherent analysis of controversial and high-profile documentary films such as Gasland, An Inconvenient Truth, Manufactured Landscapes, and The Cove.
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Natural Disasters in a Global Environment

Author: Anthony N. Penna,Jennifer S. Rivers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118327543

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 4658

Natural Disasters in a Global Environment is a transnational, global and environmental history of natural and man-made disasters. Detailed case studies of past and present events are presented in a historical narrative, making use of the most recent scholarship. Examines a range of disasters including volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, landslides, hurricanes, famines, and more Highlights the role of science in studying natural disasters and describes the mechanisms responsible for them Features a range of case studies which can be used in conjunction with one another or as standalone examples Covers scientific material in a lucid and accessible style suited to undergraduate students or those outside of scientific disciplines Traces the transition of our understanding of disasters, from religious and superstitious explanations to contemporary scientific accounts
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Killer Smog

London, England

Author: Joyce L. Markovics

Publisher: Eco-Disasters

ISBN: 9781684022250

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 8039

In December 1952, a thick layer of black smog blanketed London. The filthy air blinded people on the streets and brought traffic to a screeching halt. Worst of all, the pollution was deadly. It sickened 100,000 people and took the lives of 4,000. Killer Smog: London, England traces the devastating story of air pollution that took thousands of lives and brought London to a standstill. Fascinating photos of the actual events, maps, and fact boxes enrich the compelling text. The personal and heart-breaking story will grip and inspire young readers.
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Natural Disasters

Author: Lee Allyn Davis

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438118783

Category: Natural disasters

Page: 467

View: 9421

Provides a comprehensive survey of the natural calamities that have ravaged mankind and altered the course of human history.
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Perils of Progress

Environmental Disasters in the Twentieth Century

Author: Andrew L. Jenks

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780136038023

Category: History

Page: 159

View: 687

"Large-scale technological failures, far from being exceptional, are normal in modern world history. Seen in a world historical rather than narrowly national context, technological disasters happen with astonishing frequency - regardless of political system, cultural context, and level of economic development. In the words of one influential sociologist in disaster studies, large-scale technological disasters are "normal accidents," inevitable products of the interaction of flawed human beings with incredibly complex and dangerous technological and scientific processes. Just like pollution, toxic waste disasters are a result of progress rather than its antithesis. So why are societies so often incapable of seeing this connection?" "This book inserts the often overlooked costs of modern industrial and urban development back into the story of modern world history. It uses four case studies to examine the political, social, and ecological fallout of technological and toxic-waste disasters in the twentieth century: the mass mercury poisoning of Japanese fishermen in Minamata Japan after World War II; the Love Canal chemical dump that devastated the community of Niagara Falls in the United States in the 1970s; a colossal chemical leak in the Indian city of Bhopal in December 1984; and the explosion of a nuclear reactor at Chernobyl in the former Soviet Union in 1986. While each of these disasters is associated with a specific year or decade, from the 1950s to the 1980s, the factors that caused these disasters and their aftermath span a much longer time period and encompass the entire twentieth century."--BOOK JACKET.
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Dancing with Disaster

Environmental Histories, Narratives, and Ethics for Perilous Times

Author: Kate Rigby

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813936896

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 4951

The calamitous impacts of climate change that are beginning to be felt around the world today expose the inextricability of human and natural histories. Arguing for a more complex account of such calamities, Kate Rigby examines a variety of past disasters, from the Black Death of the Middle Ages to the mega-hurricanes of the twenty-first century, revealing the dynamic interaction of diverse human and nonhuman factors in their causation, unfolding, and aftermath. Focusing on the link between the ways disasters are framed by the stories told about them and how people tend to respond to them in practice, Rigby also shows how works of narrative fiction invite ethical reflection on human relations with one another, with our often unruly earthly environs, and with other species in the face of eco-catastrophe. In its investigation of an array of authors from the Romantic period to the present—including Heinrich von Kleist, Mary Shelley, Theodor Storm, Colin Thiele, and Alexis Wright— Dancing with Disaster demonstrates the importance of the environmental humanities in the development of more creative, compassionate, ecologically oriented, and socially just responses to the perils and possibilities of the Anthropocene. Under the Sign of Nature: Explorations in Ecocriticism
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The Apocalypse in Film

Dystopias, Disasters, and Other Visions about the End of the World

Author: Karen A. Ritzenhoff,Angela Krewani

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442260297

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 254

View: 1216

Apart from well-established Hollywood blockbusters that imagine the end of the world, there is a new wave of zombie narratives and independent films about Armageddon that were released around the predicted Maya calendar’s apocalypse in 2012. This volume offers an overview of the depiction of the Apocalypse in film past to present, and the essays discuss how the films reflect social anxieties that are linked to economic, ecological, and cultural factors.
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