Fighting for the rain forest

war, youth & resources in Sierra Leone

Author: Paul Richards

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 9348

Paul Richards argues that the war in Sierra Leone and other small wars in Africa do not manifest a "new barbarism". What appears as random, anarchic violence is no such thing. The terrifying military methods of Sierra Leone's soldiers may not fit Western models of warfare, but they are rational and effective. The war must be understood partly as "performance", in which techniques of terror compensate for lack of equipment. Richards points out that Sierra Leone's war is a crisis of modernity. Sierra Leone's youth belongs to a modern, trans-Atlantic culture. In remote diamond-digging camps, young people watch Rambo videos and listen to BBC news. These are part of the cultural resources with which the war is fought. The frustrations of these young people underlie the crisis. Not only the soldiers but most of the commanders are teenagers. Their aspirations are for schools and jobs. Financial stringency and the decay of the patrimonial state led directly to the government's surrender of much of the countryside. The rain forest is also central to the war. The war is fought in the rain forest and can only be understood in the context of old traditions of social and technical management of the forest. There is no evidence that a crisis of deforestation or overpopulation has contributed to the war. Rebuilding the state -- and giving young Sierra Leoneans confidence in it -- is essential for peace. But in the meantime, many people are learning to live with war and
Release

Conflict Resolution and Peace Education in Africa

Author: Ernest E. Uwazie

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739106693

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 2887

Africa today suffers from too much political unrest and violent conflict. The contributors to this edited collection recognize a missing link in efforts to foster democracy, and with it political stability and peace, in Africa's developing countries: Democracy can be sustained only where effective means for resolving citizens' disputes exist both within and outside the formal legal system. The writers whose articles appear here--scholars, practitioners, and peace advocates--present their varied knowledge of conflict and war in Africa and strategies for introducing and implementing mediation, from Sierra Leone to South Africa. This volume is a model exchange of insights and ideas in the important field of conflict resolution as applied to Africa.
Release

Magic and Warfare

Appearance and Reality in Contemporary African Conflict and Beyond

Author: N. Wlodarczyk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230103340

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 8640

This study explores the roles played by magic in contemporary African warfare, specifically through the case of Sierra Leone, to assess its impact on behaviour in conflict. A conceptual framework is suggested for analysing culturally alien practices more broadly and to inform approaches to civilian and military intervention.
Release

Child Soldiers, Adult Interests

The Global Dimensions of the Sierra Leonean Tragedy

Author: John-Peter Pham

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594546716

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 1420

This book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.
Release

The Sierra Leonean Tragedy

History and Global Dimensions

Author: John-Peter Pham

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 5147

This new book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.
Release

African Guerrillas

Author: Christopher S. Clapham

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 9780852558157

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 4534

Analyses African insurgencies and their relationship to the societies in which they are set and to the outside world.
Release

Confronting Poverty

Weak States and U.S. National Security

Author: Susan E. Rice,Corinne Graff,Carlos Pascual

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815704355

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 7203

Former Brookings Senior Fellow Susan E. Rice spearheads an investigation of the connections between poverty and fragile states and the implications for American security. Coedited by Rice and former Brookings colleagues Corinne Graff and Carlos Pascual, Confronting Poverty is a timely reminder that alleviating global poverty and shoring up weak states are not only humanitarian and economic imperatives, but key components of a more balanced and sustainable U.S. national security strategy. Rice elucidates the relationship between poverty, state weakness, and transnational security threats, and Graff and Pascual offer policy recommendations. The book's overarching conclusions highlight the need to invest in poverty alleviation and capacity building in weak states in order to break the vicious cycle of poverty, fragility, and transnational threats. Confronting Poverty grows out of a project on global poverty and U.S. national security that Rice directed at Brookings from 2002 through January 2009, before she became U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations.
Release

West African Worlds

Paths Through Socio-Economic Change, Livelihoods and Development

Author: Reginald Cline-Cole,Elsbeth Robson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317904931

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 2957

West African Worlds provides a critical assessment of social, economic and political change in Africa’s most populous and arguably most externally focused region. With an emphasis on globalisation and modernisation, case studies and commentary are integrated throughout to highlight the concerns and issues of the region. Enriched by an impressive mix of West African voices, this text combines theory and application with policy and practice to address socio-economic change, the pursuit of livelihoods, and development within West Africa.
Release

States of Violence

Politics, Youth, and Memory in Contemporary Africa

Author: Edna G. Bay,Donald Lewis Donham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 6908

"By focusing on the participation and consequences for ordinary people, this collection offers a fresh perspective on the eruption of violence in sub-Saharan Africa. None of the contributions takes the easy way out—either by claiming any special propensity of Africans to violence, or by calling attention to titillating aspects of the violence itself. Rather, they offer ‘thick descriptions’ of particular violent episodes to develop their contexts and the larger causes that made them happen. The case studies, drawn from field research in Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, search for the meaning of specific instances of collective violence to the individuals caught up in them."—Nelson Kasfir, Dartmouth College "This coherently assembled set of contributions illuminates crucial aspects of the disorder and insecurity afflicting much of contemporary Africa. The potent social force of a marginalized youth generation is explored in its different manifestations in a variety of settings by an excellent roster of scholars."—Crawford Young, Emeritus Professor of Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison "Unmatched in its ethnographic depth and attention to critical dimensions of African conflicts.... This volume cuts across the continent and across several intertwining themes to provide highly contextual analyses within a well-definedframework." —Catherine Besteman, Colby College, editor of Violence: A Reader The essayists whose work is collected here—historians, anthropologists, and political scientists—bring their diverse disciplinary perspectives to bear on various forms of violence that have plagued recent African history. Exploring violence as part of political economy and rejecting stereotypical explanations of African violence as endemic or natural to African cultures, the essays examine a continent where the boundaries on acceptable force are always shifting and the distinction between violence by the state and against the state is not always clear. Edna G. Bay, Associate Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies at Emory University, is author of Wives of the Leopard: Gender, Politics, and Culture in the Kingdom of Dahomey (Virginia). Donald L. Donham, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis, is author of Marxist Modern: An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution.
Release

United Nations Interventionism, 1991–2004

Author: Spyros Economides

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461761

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8636

After years of paralysis, the 1990s saw an explosion in the number of United Nations field operations around the world. In terms of scope and level of ambition, these interventions went beyond the tried and tested principles of classical UN peacekeeping. Indeed, in some cases - such as Cambodia, Kosovo and East Timor - the UN presence assumed the form of quasi-protectorates designed to steer war-torn and deeply divided societies towards lasting peace. This book examines the UN's performance and assesses the wider impact of 'new interventionism' on international order and the study of international relations. Featuring eight case studies of major UN interventions and an introductory chapter outlining the most important theoretical and political features of the international system which have led to the increased interventionary practices of the UN, this book will appeal to students and researchers in international relations and international organizations.
Release

New humanitarianism

Britain and Sierra Leone, 1997-2003

Author: Tanja Schümer

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230545175

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 5790

This book analyzes the contents and consistency of the British New Humanitarianism and its application to Sierra Leone, investigating the effectiveness of policy implementation and the capacity of humanitarian assistance addressing broader political objectives. Placing the experience of Sierra Leone in context with other countries--Sudan and Iraq, Tanja Schmer draws key conclusions regarding the future for international humanitarian policy.
Release

African Childhoods

Education, Development, Peacebuilding, and the Youngest Continent

Author: M. Ensor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137024704

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 7072

A multidisciplinary collection shedding light on the conditions and experiences of youth in Africa.
Release

Geo-data

the world geographical encyclopedia

Author: John McCoy

Publisher: Gale

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 704

View: 483

Provides alphabetically arranged descriptions of the physical geography of every country of the world, with details on geographical features, climate, vegetation, human population, and natural resources.
Release

Epistemologies of African Conflicts

Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone

Author: Z. Wai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137280808

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 6745

This book offers a bold, ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on African conflicts. Based on a painstaking study of the ways in which the Sierra Leone civil war has been interpreted, it considers how Africa is constructed as a site of knowledge and the implications that this has for the continent and its people.
Release

Darfur

der "uneindeutige" Genozid

Author: Gérard Prunier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936096668

Category:

Page: 274

View: 6523

Release

The Heart of the Matter

Sierra Leone, Diamonds & Human Security : Complete Report

Author: Ian Smillie,Lansana Gberie,Ralph Hazleton

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0756707927

Category: Diamond industry and trade

Page: 88

View: 3721

How diamonds have been the cause of widespread death, misery, & destruction for almost a decade in the West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Sierra Leone's rebel war became a tragedy of major humanitarian, political & historic proportions, but the story goes back 60 years, to the discovery of the diamonds. The diamond mining sector has become influenced by organized crime & by the smuggling not just of diamonds, but of guns & drugs, & by vast sums of money in search of a laundry. No peace agree. would be sustainable until the problems of mining & selling diamonds had been addressed, both inside Sierra Leone & internationally. Tables.
Release

Über den Staat

Vorlesungen am Collège de France 1989–1992

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737678

Category: Social Science

Page: 700

View: 9274

Kaum ein Wissenschaftler war politisch so engagiert wie Pierre Bourdieu. Umso mehr überrascht es, dass er dem Staat keine eigene Monographie gewidmet hat. Dass er sich dennoch intensiv mit dem Thema beschäftigte, belegen seine Vorlesungen am Collège de France, deren fulminanter Auftakt Über den Staat bildet. Bourdieu geht es sowohl um Fragen der Methodologie und Theorie bei der Untersuchung des Staates als Forschungsobjekt als auch um die historische Genese dieser Institution. Er analysiert zentrale Unterscheidungen wie die zwischen öffentlich und privat sowie den Einfluss der Massenmedien. Über den Staat ist eine große Synthese – und das eigentliche Hauptwerk Bourdieus zur politischen Soziologie.
Release

Die neuen Kriege

Author: Herfried Münkler

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644011214

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3365

Das Zeitalter der zwischenstaatlichen Kriege geht offenbar zu Ende. Aber der Krieg ist keineswegs verschwunden, er hat nur seine Erscheinungsform verändert. In den neuen Kriegen spielen nicht mehr die Staaten die Hauptrolle, sondern Warlords, Söldner und Terroristen. Die Gewalt richtet sich vor allem gegen die Zivilbevölkerung; Hochhäuser werden zu Schlachtfeldern, Fernsehbilder zu Waffen. Herfried Münkler macht die Folgen dieser Entwicklung deutlich. Er zeigt, wie mit dem Verschwinden von klassischen Schlachten und Frontlinien auch die Unterscheidung von Krieg und Frieden brüchig geworden ist, und erörtert, wie man den besonderen Gefahren begegnen kann, die von den neuen Kriegen ausgehen.
Release