Fighting for the rain forest

war, youth & resources in Sierra Leone

Author: Paul Richards

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 7215

Paul Richards argues that the war in Sierra Leone and other small wars in Africa do not manifest a "new barbarism". What appears as random, anarchic violence is no such thing. The terrifying military methods of Sierra Leone's soldiers may not fit Western models of warfare, but they are rational and effective. The war must be understood partly as "performance", in which techniques of terror compensate for lack of equipment. Richards points out that Sierra Leone's war is a crisis of modernity. Sierra Leone's youth belongs to a modern, trans-Atlantic culture. In remote diamond-digging camps, young people watch Rambo videos and listen to BBC news. These are part of the cultural resources with which the war is fought. The frustrations of these young people underlie the crisis. Not only the soldiers but most of the commanders are teenagers. Their aspirations are for schools and jobs. Financial stringency and the decay of the patrimonial state led directly to the government's surrender of much of the countryside. The rain forest is also central to the war. The war is fought in the rain forest and can only be understood in the context of old traditions of social and technical management of the forest. There is no evidence that a crisis of deforestation or overpopulation has contributed to the war. Rebuilding the state -- and giving young Sierra Leoneans confidence in it -- is essential for peace. But in the meantime, many people are learning to live with war and
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Child Soldiers, Adult Interests

The Global Dimensions of the Sierra Leonean Tragedy

Author: John-Peter Pham

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594546716

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 2997

This book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.
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Africa Insight

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

View: 1878

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The Underneath of Things

Violence, History, and the Everyday in Sierra Leone

Author: Mariane C. Ferme

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520225430

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 6197

"Researched with unusual sensitivity, original in approach, illuminating beyond its immediate geographical and theoretical referents, and written in a style that is both carefully crafted and eminently accessible...this is the work of a remarkably talented observer and scholar."—Jane Guyer, editor of Money Matters: Instability, Values and Social Payments in the Modern History of West African Communities, former president of the African Studies Association "The world is currently quite aware of Sierra Leone and its predicament, and it needs this well-informed and beautifully written account of what makes the country so wonderful despite its woes. Ferme's work is truly transcendent, capturing magnificently well some of the most important aspects of an otherwise "difficult" ethnographic case. It is a truthful and honest piece of work, based on a deep grasp of the ethnographer's craft. "—Paul Richards, author of Fighting for the Rain Forest: War, Youth and Resources in Sierra Leone Ferme is a true master in the magic of "things." She gives the study of secrecy new impetus by examining its history, relating that history not only to discourse but also to material conditions. She brilliantly shows how, for Sierra Leone societies, the celebration of ambiguity has been a way to live with permanent danger-from the long history of slavery through the present civil war. —Peter Geschiere, author of The Modernity of Witchcraft, Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa The Underneath of Things is a model of patience, detailed observation, and elegant writing: a theoretically creative study that is keen to track and to disentangle the webs and flows of everyday life.—Achille Mbembe, author of On the Postcolony
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United Nations Interventionism, 1991–2004

Author: Spyros Economides

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461761

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7046

After years of paralysis, the 1990s saw an explosion in the number of United Nations field operations around the world. In terms of scope and level of ambition, these interventions went beyond the tried and tested principles of classical UN peacekeeping. Indeed, in some cases - such as Cambodia, Kosovo and East Timor - the UN presence assumed the form of quasi-protectorates designed to steer war-torn and deeply divided societies towards lasting peace. This book examines the UN's performance and assesses the wider impact of 'new interventionism' on international order and the study of international relations. Featuring eight case studies of major UN interventions and an introductory chapter outlining the most important theoretical and political features of the international system which have led to the increased interventionary practices of the UN, this book will appeal to students and researchers in international relations and international organizations.
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States of Violence

Politics, Youth, and Memory in Contemporary Africa

Author: Edna G. Bay,Donald Lewis Donham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 9750

"By focusing on the participation and consequences for ordinary people, this collection offers a fresh perspective on the eruption of violence in sub-Saharan Africa. None of the contributions takes the easy way out—either by claiming any special propensity of Africans to violence, or by calling attention to titillating aspects of the violence itself. Rather, they offer ‘thick descriptions’ of particular violent episodes to develop their contexts and the larger causes that made them happen. The case studies, drawn from field research in Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, search for the meaning of specific instances of collective violence to the individuals caught up in them."—Nelson Kasfir, Dartmouth College "This coherently assembled set of contributions illuminates crucial aspects of the disorder and insecurity afflicting much of contemporary Africa. The potent social force of a marginalized youth generation is explored in its different manifestations in a variety of settings by an excellent roster of scholars."—Crawford Young, Emeritus Professor of Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison "Unmatched in its ethnographic depth and attention to critical dimensions of African conflicts.... This volume cuts across the continent and across several intertwining themes to provide highly contextual analyses within a well-definedframework." —Catherine Besteman, Colby College, editor of Violence: A Reader The essayists whose work is collected here—historians, anthropologists, and political scientists—bring their diverse disciplinary perspectives to bear on various forms of violence that have plagued recent African history. Exploring violence as part of political economy and rejecting stereotypical explanations of African violence as endemic or natural to African cultures, the essays examine a continent where the boundaries on acceptable force are always shifting and the distinction between violence by the state and against the state is not always clear. Edna G. Bay, Associate Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies at Emory University, is author of Wives of the Leopard: Gender, Politics, and Culture in the Kingdom of Dahomey (Virginia). Donald L. Donham, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis, is author of Marxist Modern: An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution.
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New humanitarianism

Britain and Sierra Leone, 1997-2003

Author: Tanja Schümer

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230545175

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 3536

This book analyzes the contents and consistency of the British New Humanitarianism and its application to Sierra Leone, investigating the effectiveness of policy implementation and the capacity of humanitarian assistance addressing broader political objectives. Placing the experience of Sierra Leone in context with other countries--Sudan and Iraq, Tanja Schmer draws key conclusions regarding the future for international humanitarian policy.
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African Childhoods

Education, Development, Peacebuilding, and the Youngest Continent

Author: M. Ensor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137024704

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 9906

A multidisciplinary collection shedding light on the conditions and experiences of youth in Africa.
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The Sierra Leonean Tragedy

History and Global Dimensions

Author: John-Peter Pham

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 5076

This new book weaves a narrative of the history of Sierra Leone, from its foundation as a settlement for black slaves who fought for the British Crown during the American Revolution through the events of the civil war, with a discussion of more general geopolitical lessons to be learned from the recent conflict, its origins, and settlement. In addition, the book contains six appendices that render the present work -- the first comprehensive history of Sierra Leone since the classic studies published more than a generation ago by Christopher Fyfe and John Peterson -- an invaluable reference on conflict resolution in general as well as the West African country in particular, including a chronology of select events in the history of Sierra Leone and the texts of the peace agreements and other post-conflict documents.
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Geo-data

the world geographical encyclopedia

Author: John McCoy

Publisher: Gale

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 704

View: 807

Provides alphabetically arranged descriptions of the physical geography of every country of the world, with details on geographical features, climate, vegetation, human population, and natural resources.
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The Peace In Between

Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding

Author: Astri Suhrke,Mats Berdal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136671927

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 5030

This volume examines the causes and purposes of 'post-conflict' violence. The end of a war is generally expected to be followed by an end to collective violence, as the term ‘post-conflict’ that came into general usage in the 1990s signifies. In reality, however, various forms of deadly violence continue, and sometimes even increase after the big guns have been silenced and a peace agreement signed. Explanations for this and other kinds of violence fall roughly into two broad categories – those that stress the legacies of the war and those that focus on the conditions of the peace. There are significant gaps in the literature, most importantly arising from the common premise that there is one, predominant type of post-war situation. This ‘post-war state’ is often endowed with certain generic features that predispose it towards violence, such as a weak state, criminal elements generated by the war-time economy, demobilized but not demilitarized or reintegrated ex-combatants, impunity and rapid liberalization. The premise of this volume differs. It argues that features which constrain or encourage violence stack up in ways to create distinct and different types of post-war environments. Critical factors that shape the post-war environment in this respect lie in the war-to-peace transition itself, above all the outcome of the war in terms of military and political power and its relationship to social hierarchies of power, normative understandings of the post-war order, and the international context. This book will of much interest to students of war and conflict studies, peacebuilding and IR/Security Studies in general.
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Ending Africa's Wars

Progressing to Peace

Author: Mr Oliver Furley,Mr Roy May

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409495671

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 3789

Post-colonial Africa has seemingly been in an intractable state of conflict and war for a considerable period of time. This volume explores the process by which these wars were ended, discusses the lessons learnt, and examines the sustainability of recently reconciled conflicts to see how far peace solutions are permanent in this region. Ending Africa's Wars is an important and timely book for all those interested in conflict, democracy, international organizations, civil society, refugees, gender and the economic reconstruction of Africa.
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Epistemologies of African Conflicts

Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone

Author: Z. Wai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137280808

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 9176

This book offers a bold, ground-breaking epistemological critique of the dominant discourses on African conflicts. Based on a painstaking study of the ways in which the Sierra Leone civil war has been interpreted, it considers how Africa is constructed as a site of knowledge and the implications that this has for the continent and its people.
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The History and Practice of Humanitarian Intervention and Aid in Africa

Author: B. Everill,J. Kaplan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137270020

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 9715

The history of humanitarian intervention has often overlooked Africa. This book brings together perspectives from history, cultural studies, international relations, policy, and non-governmental organizations to analyze the themes, continuities and discontinuities in Western humanitarian engagement with Africa.
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The children's war

towards peace in Sierra Leone : a field report assessing the protection and assistance needs of Sierra Leonean children and adolescents

Author: Marc Sommers,Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 27

View: 1081

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Being a bush wife

women's lives through war and peace in northern Sierra Leone

Author: Chris Coulter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 2641

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Africa

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

View: 2164

Includes Proceedings of the Executive council and List of members, also section "Review of books".
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