Fighting for Girls

New Perspectives on Gender and Violence

Author: Meda Chesney-Lind

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 143843295X

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 3491

Cutting edge research into trends and social contexts of girls' violence.
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Black Girls and Adolescents: Facing the Challenges

Facing the Challenges

Author: Catherine Fisher Collins

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440830541

Category: Social Science

Page: 426

View: 9146

This one-of-a kind book challenges the current thinking about black girls to show how America has failed them—and what can be done to make their lives better. • Provides the first research work on this topic • Covers health (physical, mental, and sexual), education, crime/criminal justice, and parenting as they affect black teen girls and adolescents • Features contributors from a broad range of fields, including psychology, biology, criminal justice, sociology, spirituality, law, medicine, and popular culture • Examines characteristics of at-risk girls and the lure of the "bad girl" image • Clarifies what parents/mentors and others can do to help these girls and teens live happy, healthy, more rewarding lives
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Girls, Women, and Crime

Selected Readings

Author: Meda Chesney-Lind,Lisa Pasko

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412996708

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 8180

Edited by Meda Chesney-Lind and Lisa Pasko, Girls, Women and Crime: Selected Readings, Second Edition is a compilation of journal articles on the female offender written by leading researchers in the field of criminology and women's studies. The individual sections in the book survey four major areas: theories of female criminality, literature on female juvenile delinquents, women as offenders and women in prison. The readings in Girls, Women, and Crime focus on two central questions: How does gender matter in crime and the justice system? What characterizes women's and girls' pathway to crime? In answering these key questions, the contributors reveal the complex worlds females in the criminal justice system must often negotiate-worlds that are frequently riddled with violence, victimization, discrimination, and economic marginalization.
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The Female Offender

Girls, Women and Crime

Author: Meda Chesney-Lind,Lisa Pasko

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924050

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 2080

Scholarship in criminology over the last few decades has often left little room for research and theory on how female offenders are perceived and handled in the criminal justice system. In truth, one out of every four juveniles arrested is female and the population of women in prison has tripled in the past decade. Co-authored by Meda Chesney-Lind, one of the pioneers in the development of the feminist theoretical perspective in criminology, the subject matter of The Female Offender: Girls, Women and Crime, Second Edition redresses the balance by providing critical insight into these issues. Bringing much-needed attention to the state of these often "invisible" wrongdoers, The Female Offender enlightens and intrigues readers including academics, researchers, and students in the areas of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, and women’s studies. Likewise, anyone seeking cutting-edge information about a growing offender population will want to read this book.
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Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135192790

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 6808

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is a collection of original essays specifically designed to offer students, faculty, policy makers, and others an in-depth overview of the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as cultural criminology, masculinities studies, and feminist criminologies. Its diverse essays not only cover the history of critical criminology and cutting edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, and that generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The Handbook explores up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions, and is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students, researchers, and policy makers.
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Between Good and Ghetto

African American Girls and Inner-City Violence

Author: Nikki Jones

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 081354825X

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 5361

With an outward gaze focused on a better future, Between Good and Ghetto reflects the social world of inner city African American girls and how they manage threats of personal violence. Drawing on personal encounters, traditions of urban ethnography, Black feminist thought, gender studies, and feminist criminology, Nikki Jones gives readers a richly descriptive and compassionate account of how African American girls negotiate schools and neighborhoods governed by the so-called "code of the street"ùthe form of street justice that governs violence in distressed urban areas. She reveals the multiple strategies they use to navigate interpersonal and gender-specific violence and how they reconcile the gendered dilemmas of their adolescence. Illuminating struggles for survival within this group, Between Good and Ghetto encourages others to move African American girls toward the center of discussions of "the crisis" in poor, urban neighborhoods.
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Gender, Heterosexuality, and Youth Violence

The Struggle for Recognition

Author: James W. Messerschmidt

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442213728

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 5234

Gender, Heterosexuality, and Youth Violence explores why some boys and girls engage in assaultive or sexual violence while others do not. Acclaimed criminologist James W. Messerschmidt shares six compelling life histories of boys and girls to address the relationship among gender, heterosexuality, violence, and non-violence.
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Girls' Violence

Myths and Realities

Author: Christine Alder,Anne Worrall

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791461092

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 2252

A critical look at the perceived increase in girls' violence from a range of disciplinary and geographical perspectives. This critical collection brings together some of the best contemporary research on the perceived increase in girls' violence. With perspectives from the United States, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom, the work challenges official definitions and media representations of girls and violence. Contributors discuss whether violence by girls has actually increased, what kind of behavior by girls is classified as "violent," how attitudes toward girls' behavior have changed, in what contexts girls behave violently, and look at the links between girls' violence and the broader issues of the social construction and social control of adolescent femininities. With diverse essays representing different geographical and disciplinary perspectives, this book offers, at times, contradictory evidence and conflicting views. However, common concerns are clear and the reader is rewarded with a rich exploration of the struggles of girls and young women to take control of their lives in material and ideological conditions that continue to restrict their options and opportunities. “The … contributions use case studies and conversations with girls to rethink girls’ power, subordination, and relationships with each other, boys, adults, and the broader communities in which they live. They raise vital questions about perceptions and meanings of violence in all its raced and gendered complexity.” — CHOICE "All of the authors bring a useful analysis to the issues of young women's use of violence that adds texture and meaning to their agency in multiple locations—schools, the streets, and the domestic sphere. The book also provides a provocative analysis based on race and class as a social context for the interpretation of young women's violence."-- Patricia O'Brien, author of Making It in the Free World: Women in Transition from Prison Contributors include Christine Alder, Sibylle Artz, Sheila Batacharya, Michele Burman, Barry Godfrey, Jody Miller, Jenny J. Pearce, Laurie Schaffner, Norman A. White, and Anne Worrall.
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Feminist Theories of Crime

Author: Merry Morash

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351567136

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 7905

This collection re-imagines the field of criminology with insights gleaned from feminist theory. Works included here illustrate that gender is a key organizing principle of social life. This means that men and women have gender, that patriarchy as well as gender must be theorized, and that other systems of oppression such as race and class must also be studied to fully understand the crime problem and the criminal justice system. Finally, the articles collected here exemplify the feminist concern for thinking consciously about how and why we do our research with the crucial goal of producing knowledge that will promote social justice.
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Women, Crime and Criminology

A Feminist Critique

Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203079676

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 7461

First published in 1977, Women, Crime and Criminology presents a feminist critique of classical and contemporary theories of female criminality. It addresses the issue that criminology literature has, throughout history, been predominantly male-oriented, always treating female criminality as marginal to the 'proper' study of crime in society. Carol Smart explores a new direction in criminology, and the sociology of deviance, by investigating female crime from a committed feminist position. Examining the types of offences committed by female offenders, Smart points to the fallacies inherent in a reliance on official statistics and shows the deficiencies of the popular argument that female emancipation has caused an increase in female crime rates. She deals with studies of prostitution and rape and considers the treatment of women - as offenders and victims - by the criminal law, the police and courts, and the penal system. Particular attention is given to the question of lenient treatment for female offenders with the conclusion that women and girls are, in some important instances, actually discriminated against in our legal and penal systems. The relationship between female criminality and mental illness is discussed and the author concludes by dealing with some of the problems inherent in developing a feminist criminology.
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The Cycle of Juvenile Justice

Author: Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190451548

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 8443

The Cycle of Juvenile Justice takes a historical look at juvenile justice policies in the United States. Tracing a pattern of policies over the past 200 years, the book reveals cycles of reforms advocating either lenient treatment or harsh punishments for juvenile delinquents. Bernard and Kurlychek see this cycle as driven by several unchanging ideas that force us to repeat, rather than learn from, our history. This timely new edition provides a substantial update from the original, incorporating the vast policy changes from the 1990s to the present, and placing these changes in their broader historical context and their place within the cycle of juvenile justice. The authors provide a provocative and honest assessment of juvenile justice in the 21st century, arguing that no policy can solve the problem of youth crime since it arises not from the juvenile justice system, but from deeper social conditions and inequalities. With this highly-anticipated new edition, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice will continue to provide a controversial, challenging, and enlightening perspective for a broad array of juvenile justice officials, scholars, and students alike.
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Folk Devils and Moral Panics

Author: Stanley Cohen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136807047

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 7286

'Richly documented and convincingly presented' -- New Society Mods and Rockers, skinheads, video nasties, designer drugs, bogus asylum seeks and hoodies. Every era has its own moral panics. It was Stanley Cohen’s classic account, first published in the early 1970s and regularly revised, that brought the term ‘moral panic’ into widespread discussion. It is an outstanding investigation of the way in which the media and often those in a position of political power define a condition, or group, as a threat to societal values and interests. Fanned by screaming media headlines, Cohen brilliantly demonstrates how this leads to such groups being marginalised and vilified in the popular imagination, inhibiting rational debate about solutions to the social problems such groups represent. Furthermore, he argues that moral panics go even further by identifying the very fault lines of power in society. Full of sharp insight and analysis, Folk Devils and Moral Panics is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand this powerful and enduring phenomenon. Professor Stanley Cohen is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. He received the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology (1985) and is on the Board of the International Council on Human Rights. He is a member of the British Academy.
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Crime and Justice at the Millennium

Essays by and in Honor of Marvin E. Wolfgang

Author: Marvin E. Wolfgang,Robert A. Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792375920

Category: Law

Page: 404

View: 6961

The major theme of this Festschrift will be state-of-the-art criminology at the millennium and its impact into the 21st century. The editors have solicited major figures in contemporary criminology to elucidate the current state and future prospects of criminology at the turn of the century. It is appropriate that such a volume be produced in honor of Marvin E. Wolfgang, the most influential criminologist in the English-speaking world. Those invited to contribute were students or colleagues of Professor Wolfgang and are themselves distinguished criminologists. They represent criminology both of the past and the future. The appeal of the current book is not that it honors Marvin Wolfgang, but rather that it provides an accounting of where the discipline of criminology currently stands and its future directions. Professor Marvin E. Wolfgang was unsurpassed as a criminologist, distinguished mentor, and gentleman. A book designed to contribute to the most contemporary debates in criminology is a most fitting tribute.
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Violence and Society

A Reader

Author: Matthew Silberman

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130967732

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 4960

Focusing exclusively on the explanation of violence, this anthology examines why violent conduct occurs—whether or not it is defined as a crime. It reflects a distinctive perspective on the social construction of violence as normative conduct, deeply rooted in the cultural traditions of society, and supported by specific legal traditions that are difficult to change. The book also explores the structural origins of social violence, such as the role patriarchal social institutions play in explaining gender violence. A six-part organization contains articles by well-known scholars on the social construction of anger, social inequality and the production of violence, culture: violence and values, family violence, sexual violence, and criminal violence. For individuals seeking to understand the social causes of violence, and working to reduce the level of violence in families, gender relations, and a wide variety of social contexts in which violence appears to be an all too frequent occurrence.
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Gendered justice

addressing female offenders

Author: Barbara E. Bloom

Publisher: Carolina Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 301

View: 6014

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Are Prisons Obsolete?

Author: Angela Y. Davis

Publisher: Seven Stories Press

ISBN: 1609801040

Category: Political Science

Page: 129

View: 1481

With her characteristic brilliance, grace and radical audacity, Angela Y. Davis has put the case for the latest abolition movement in American life: the abolition of the prison. As she quite correctly notes, American life is replete with abolition movements, and when they were engaged in these struggles, their chances of success seemed almost unthinkable. For generations of Americans, the abolition of slavery was sheerest illusion. Similarly,the entrenched system of racial segregation seemed to last forever, and generations lived in the midst of the practice, with few predicting its passage from custom. The brutal, exploitative (dare one say lucrative?) convict-lease system that succeeded formal slavery reaped millions to southern jurisdictions (and untold miseries for tens of thousands of men, and women). Few predicted its passing from the American penal landscape. Davis expertly argues how social movements transformed these social, political and cultural institutions, and made such practices untenable. In Are Prisons Obsolete?, Professor Davis seeks to illustrate that the time for the prison is approaching an end. She argues forthrightly for "decarceration", and argues for the transformation of the society as a whole.
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Sexual Assault in Canada

Law, Legal Practice and Women’s Activism

Author: Elizabeth A. Sheehy

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776619772

Category: Law

Page: 836

View: 7710

Sexual Assault in Canada is the first English-language book in almost two decades to assess the state of sexual assault law and legal practice in Canada. Gathering together feminist scholars, lawyers, activists and policy-makers, it presents a picture of the difficult issues that Canadian women face when reporting and prosecuting sexual violence. The volume addresses many themes including the systematic undermining of women who have been sexually assaulted, the experiences of marginalized women, and the role of women’s activism. It explores sexual assault in various contexts, including professional sports, the doctor–patient relationship, and residential schools. And it highlights the influence of certain players in the reporting and litigation of sexual violence, including health care providers, social workers, police, lawyers and judges. Sexual Assault in Canada provides both a multi-faceted assessment of the progress of feminist reforms to Canadian sexual assault law and practice, and articulates a myriad of new ideas, proposed changes to law, and inspired activist strategies. This book was created to celebrate the tenth anniversary of Jane Doe’s remarkable legal victory against the Toronto police for sex discrimination in the policing of rape and for negligence in failing to warn her of a serial rapist. The case made legal history and motivated a new generation of feminist activists. This book honours her pioneering work by reflecting on how law, legal practice and activism have evolved over the past decade and where feminist research and reform should lead in the years to come.
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Beauty and Misogyny

Harmful cultural practices in the West

Author: Sheila Jeffreys

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317675444

Category: Psychology

Page: 190

View: 8137

The new edition of Beauty and Misogyny revisits and updates Sheila Jeffreys' uncompromising critique of Western beauty practice and the industries and ideologies behind it. Jeffreys argues that beauty practices are not related to individual female choice or creative expression, but represent instead an important aspect of women's oppression. As these practices have become increasingly brutal and pervasive, the need to scrutinize and dismantle them is if anything more urgent now as it was in 2005 when the first edition of the book was published. The United Nations concept of "harmful traditional/cultural practices" provides a useful lens for the author to advance her critique. She makes the case for including Western beauty practices within this definition, examining their role in damaging women's health, creating sexual difference and enforcing female deference. First-wave feminists of the 1970s criticized pervasive beauty regimes such as dieting and depilation, but a later argument took hold that beauty practices were no longer oppressive now that women could "choose" them. In recent years the reality of Western beauty practices has become much more bloody and severe, requiring the breaking of skin and the rearrangement or amputation of body parts. Beauty and Misogyny seeks to make sense of why beauty practices have not only persisted but become more extreme. It examines the pervasive use of makeup, the misogyny of fashion and high-heeled shoes, and looks at the role of pornography in the creation of increasingly popular beauty practices such as breast implants, genital waxing, surgical alteration of the labia and other forms of self-mutilation. The book concludes by considering how a culture of resistance to these practices can be created. A new and thoroughly updated edition of this essential work will appeal to all levels of students and teachers of gender studies, cultural studies and feminist psychology, and to anyone with an interest in feminism, women and beauty, and women's health.
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Beyond Bad Girls

Gender, Violence and Hype

Author: Meda Chesney-Lind,Katherine Irwin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134000464

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 6528

In this important new work, two respected criminologists challenge the characterization of the new 'bad girl' arguing that it is only a new attempt to punish girls who are not the stereotypical depiction of good. Through interviews with young women, educators and people in the criminal justice system, Beyond Bad Girls exposes the formal and informal systems of socio-cultural control imposed on girls.
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The Search for a Nonviolent Future

A Promise of Peace for Ourselves, Our Families, and Our World

Author: Michael N. Nagler

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 9781577318033

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 4705

Beginning with the achievements of Mahatma Gandhi, and following the legacy of nonviolence through the struggles against Nazism in Europe, racism in America, oppression in China and Latin America, and ethnic conflicts in Africa and Bosnia, Michael Nagler unveils a hidden history. Nonviolence, he proposes, has proven its power against arms and social injustice wherever it has been correctly understood and applied. Nagler's approach is not only historical but also spiritual, drawing on the experience of Gandhi and other activists and teachers. Individual chapters include A Way Out of Hell, The Sweet Sound of Order, and A Clear Picture of Peace. The last chapter includes a five-point blueprint for change and "study circle" guide. The foreword by Arun Gandhi, the grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, is new to this edition.
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