Fantasia of Color in Early Cinema

Author: Tom Gunning,Giovanna Fossati,Joshua Yumibe,Jonathon Rosen

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789089646576

Category: Art

Page: 286

View: 4515

This book brings a treasure trove of early color film images into print form so viewers can enjoy, examine and dream over their forgotten splendor. Drawing on the richness of the early film archives of EYE Film Institute Netherlands, the authors have carefully selected and reproduced frames from the original films made before World War I, presenting their fascinating and often surprising images and hues. Digital reproduction allows the capture of these images in a full range of tone and colors.
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Color and the Moving Image

History, Theory, Aesthetics, Archive

Author: Simon Brown,Sarah Street,Liz Watkins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136307893

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 256

View: 8639

This new AFI Film Reader is the first comprehensive collection of original essays on the use of color in film. Contributors from diverse film studies backgrounds consider the importance of color throughout the history of the medium, assessing not only the theoretical implications of color on the screen, but also the ways in which developments in cinematographic technologies transformed the aesthetics of color and the nature of film archiving and restoration. Color and the Moving Image includes new writing on key directors whose work is already associated with color—such as Hitchcock, Jarman and Sirk—as well as others whose use of color has not yet been explored in such detail—including Eric Rohmer and the Coen Brothers. This volume is an excellent resource for a variety of film studies courses and the global film archiving community at large.
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Moving Color

Early Film, Mass Culture, Modernism

Author: Joshua Yumibe

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813552982

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 230

View: 3960

Color was used in film well before The Wizard of Oz. Thomas Edison, for example, projected two-colored films at his first public screening in New York City on April 23, 1896. These first colors of early cinema were not photographic; they were applied manually through a variety of laborious processes—most commonly by the hand-coloring and stenciling of prints frame by frame, and the tinting and toning of films in vats of chemical dyes. The results were remarkably beautiful. Moving Color is the first book-length study of the beginnings of color cinema. Looking backward, Joshua Yumibe traces the legacy of color history from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the cinema of the early twentieth century. Looking forward, he explores the implications of this genealogy on experimental and contemporary digital cinemas in which many colors have become, once again, vividly unhinged from photographic reality. Throughout this history, Moving Color revolves around questions pertaining to the sensuousness of color: how color moves us in the cinema—visually, emotionally, and physically.
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The Image in Early Cinema

Form and Material

Author: Scott Curtis,Philippe Gauthier,Tom Gunning,Joshua Yumibe

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253034426

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 376

View: 3301

In The Image in Early Cinema, the contributors examine intersections between early cinematic form, technology, theory, practice, and broader modes of visual culture. They argue that early cinema emerged within a visual culture composed of a variety of traditions in art, science, education, and image making. Even as methods of motion picture production and distribution materialized, they drew from and challenged practices and conventions in other mediums. This rich visual culture produced a complicated, overlapping network of image-making traditions, innovations, and borrowing among painting, tableaux vivants, photography, and other pictorial and projection practices. Using a variety of concepts and theories, the contributors explore these crisscrossing traditions and work against an essentialist notion of media to conceptualize the dynamic interrelationship between images and their context.
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From Grain to Pixel

The Archival Life of Film in Transition

Author: Giovanna Fossati

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089641394

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 320

View: 3663

"From Grain to Pixel attempts to bridge the fields of film archiving and academic research, by addressing the discourse on film ontology and analysing how it affects the role of film archives. Fossati proposes a new theoretization of film archival practice as the starting point for a renewed dialogue between film scholars and film archivists." --Book Jacket.
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Public Spectacles of Violence

Sensational Cinema and Journalism in Early Twentieth-Century Mexico and Brazil

Author: Rielle Navitski

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822372894

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 344

View: 3685

In Public Spectacles of Violence Rielle Navitski examines the proliferation of cinematic and photographic images of criminality, bodily injury, and technological catastrophe in early twentieth-century Mexico and Brazil, which were among Latin America’s most industrialized nations and later developed two of the region’s largest film industries. Navitski analyzes a wide range of sensational cultural forms, from nonfiction films and serial cinema to illustrated police reportage, serial literature, and fan magazines, demonstrating how media spectacles of violence helped audiences make sense of the political instability, high crime rates, and social inequality that came with modernization. In both nations, sensational cinema and journalism—influenced by imported films—forged a common public sphere that reached across the racial, class, and geographic divides accentuated by economic growth and urbanization. Highlighting the human costs of modernization, these media constructed everyday experience as decidedly modern, in that it was marked by the same social ills facing industrialized countries. The legacy of sensational early twentieth-century visual culture remains felt in Mexico and Brazil today, where public displays of violence by the military, police, and organized crime are hypervisible.
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Exposing the Film Apparatus

The Film Archive as a Research Laboratory

Author: Giovanna Fossati,Annie van den Oever

Publisher: Framing Film

ISBN: 9789462983168

Category: Art

Page: 478

View: 3876

Imagine opening the gates to a vault full of media apparatuses and letting loose thirty-two international media scholars and professionals on its heterogeneous content... Exposing the Film Apparatus collects the results of such an experiment. This book addresses the keen awareness of the prominence of media technologies in our culture in the last two centuries, while also showing how such an awareness is impacting the curatorial consciousness of those working in film archives, technology, and media museums today. Combining a variety of approaches with insightful perspectives of professionals working on a wide range of film technology-related issues, Exposing the Film Apparatus reveals the richness, diversity, and relevance of the topic for archivists, curators, projectionists, theorists, film and media historians, media artists, educationists and film students today.
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Soul of the Documentary

Framing, Expression, Ethics

Author: Ilona Hongisto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789089647559

Category: Documentary films

Page: 178

View: 4412

Soul of the Documentary offers a groundbreaking new approach to documentary cinema. Ilona Hongisto stirs current thinking by suggesting that the work of documentary films is not reducible to representing what already exists. By closely reading a diverse body of films--from The Last Bolshevik to Grey Gardens--Hongisto shows how documentary cinema intervenes in the real by framing it and creatively contributes to its perpetual unfolding. The emphasis on framing brings new urgency to the documentary tradition and its objectives, and provokes significant novel possibilities for thinking about the documentary's ethical and political potentials in the contemporary world.
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Movies of the 30s

Author: Jürgen Müller

Publisher: Taschen America Llc

ISBN: 9783822840108

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 575

View: 6567

Escaping reality: the wonderful world of cinema during the Great Depression From Tod Browning's Dracula (1931) to Charlie Chaplin's The Great Dictator (1940), this tome explores a diverse and fascinating era in world cinema. The stock market crash of 1929 had left the America?and the globe?in a devastating depression that would not begin to lift until World War II. With so many jobless, penniless, broken people singing the blues, is it any wonder that Hollywood strove to distract viewers from their misery with comedies like Chaplin's Modern Times (1936), Capra's feel-good Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936), and the Marx Brothers? hilarious Duck Soup (1933), thrillers such as Hitchcock's seminal The 39 Steps (1935) or Hawks's Scarface (1932), or the epic romantic classic Gone with the Wind (1939)? While American moviegoers flocked to the theaters to escape their troubles and find solace in the magical world of Hollywood movies, filmmakers in Europe were experimenting with new techniques in a medium that had only recently gained sound; Fritz Lang's German Expressionist M (1931) and Jean Renoir's anti-war masterpiece La Grande Illusion (1937) greatly enhanced cinema as an art form, while Leni Riefenstahl's visually stunning Olympia (1936-38) pushed the limits of the medium's technical capacities. It's clear that while the 1930s was a time of poverty and struggle for many people, the world of cinema was much enriched. Film entries include: ? Synopsis ? Film stills and production photos ? Cast/crew listings ? Trivia ? Useful information on technical stuff ? Actor and director bios Plus: a complete Academy Awards list for the decade The editor: J?rgen M?ller studied art history in Bochum, Paris, Pisa, and Amsterdam. He has worked as an art critic, a curator of numerous exhibitions, a visiting professor at various universities, and has published books and numerous articles on cinema and art history. Currently he holds the chair for art history at the University of Dresden, where he lives. M?ller is the series editor for TASCHEN's Movies decade titles.
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Films that Work

Industrial Film and the Productivity of Media

Author: Vinzenz Hediger,Patrick Vonderau

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089640134

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 491

View: 3828

Industriële films worden gezien als een apart filmgenre van de twintigste eeuw. Ze werden geproduceerd en gesponsord door de overheid en grote bedrijven en moesten vooral aan de wensen van de sponsors voldoen, en niet zo zeer aan die van de filmmakers. In de hoogtijdagen werkten er duizenden mensen aan deze industriële films. Zo zijn er vakbladen en filmfestivals ontstaan door samenwerking met grote bedrijven als Shell en AT & T. Daarnaast hebben belangrijke regisseurs, zoals Buster Keaton, John Grierson en Alain Resnais, aan deze films meegewerkt. Toch lijkt de industriële film geen spoor te hebben achtergelaten in het filmische culturele discours. Films that Work is het eerste boek waarin de industriële film en zijn opmerkelijke geschiedenis worden onderzocht.
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Saul Bass

Anatomy of Film Design

Author: Jan-Christopher Horak

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813147190

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 492

View: 1119

Iconic graphic designer and Academy Award--winning filmmaker Saul Bass (1920--1996) defined an innovative era in cinema. His title sequences for films such as Otto Preminger's The Man with the Golden Arm (1955) and Anatomy of a Murder (1959), Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo (1958) and North by Northwest (1959), and Billy Wilder's The Seven Year Itch (1955) introduced the idea that opening credits could tell a story, setting the mood for the movie to follow. Bass's stylistic influence can be seen in popular Hollywood franchises from the Pink Panther to James Bond, as well as in more contemporary works such as Steven Spielberg's Catch Me If You Can (2002) and television's Mad Men. The first book to examine the life and work of this fascinating figure, Saul Bass: Anatomy of Film Design explores the designer's revolutionary career and his lasting impact on the entertainment and advertising industries. Jan-Christopher Horak traces Bass from his humble beginnings as a self-taught artist to his professional peak, when auteur directors like Stanley Kubrick, Robert Aldrich, and Martin Scorsese sought him as a collaborator. He also discusses how Bass incorporated aesthetic concepts borrowed from modern art in his work, presenting them in a new way that made them easily recognizable to the public. This long-overdue book sheds light on the creative process of the undisputed master of film title design -- a man whose multidimensional talents and unique ability to blend high art and commercial imperatives profoundly influenced generations of filmmakers, designers, and advertisers.
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The Colour Fantastic

Chromatic Worlds of Silent Cinema

Author: Giovanna Fossati,Sarah Street

Publisher: Framing Film

ISBN: 9789462983014

Category: Color motion pictures

Page: 300

View: 581

Sparked by a groundbreaking Amsterdam workshop titled YDisorderly Order: Colours in Silent Film, OE scholarly and archival interest in colour as a crucial aspect of film form, technology and aesthetics has enjoyed a resurgence in the past twenty years. In the spirit of the workshop, this anthology brings together international experts to explore a diverse range of themes that they hope will inspire the next twenty years of research on colour in silent film. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the book explores archival restoration, colour film technology, colour theory, and experimental film alongside beautifully saturated images of silent cinema.
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Optical Poetry

The Life and Work of Oskar Fischinger

Author: William Moritz

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253343482

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 246

View: 2598

Optical Poetry is the first critical biography of the painter and experimental filmmaker Oskar Fischinger. Active in avant-garde art circles in Germany between the two world wars, Fischinger and his family would emigrate to Los Angeles just ahead of the Nazis' denunciation of degenerate art. Fischinger's pioneering experiments in Visual Music and the melding of graphic arts, abstract design, and sound were instrumental in shaping animation into an art and cinematic form and inspiring animators to pursue its aesthetic potential. An accomplished representational animator who eventually worked uneasily under contract for Paramount, MGM, and Disney, Fischinger produced numerous abstract animated films over his lifetime, invented machines such as the "Wax Machine" and the "Lumigraph" for creating images, and became an accomplished and influential abstract painter. A labor of love for author William Moritz and the product of decades of research, Optical Poetry also includes an extensive filmography and testimonials from those who knew or were influenced by Fischinger.
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The conscience of cinema

The works of Joris Ivens 1912-1989

Author: Thomas Waugh

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 904852525X

Category: Art

Page: 500

View: 7990

The Conscience of Cinema is not only a history of a rich and varied personal oeuvre by a prolific documentary maker who worked on every continent and through seven decades, from the 1920s to the 1980s: it is also the history of the aspiration to use documentary film to change the world by a committed leftist, as well as a microcosmic history of documentary form, technology and culture, and its place within world cinema as a whole throughout the twentieth century. Ivens worked in almost every genre of documentary, including the essay, compilation, hybrid dramatization, direct cinema, social observation, the solidarity film, socialist realism, and agitprop activism. In this book, detailed filmic analysis is enriched by a profound historical understanding of the contexts in which Ivens carried out his vision, from his native Netherlands to the Soviet bloc, USA, France, Latin America, Vietnam, and finally China. Everywhere, Joris Ivens left an indelible artistic and political mark, critically relevant to a 21st century in which documentary has reclaimed its cultural and political centrality.
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Lumia

Thomas Wilfred and the Art of Light

Author: Keely Orgeman,James Turrell,Maibritt Borgen

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300215185

Category: Art

Page: 172

View: 9383

A long-overdue publication that restores Wilfred to the art-historical canon Lumia presents a long-overdue reevaluation of the groundbreaking artist Thomas Wilfred (1889-1968), whose unprecedented works prefigured light art in America. As early as 1919, many years before the advent of consumer television and video technology, Wilfred began experimenting with light as his primary artistic medium, developing the means to control and project unique compositions of colorful, undulating light forms, which he referred to collectively as lumia. Manifested as both live performances on a cinematic scale and self-contained structures, Wilfred's innovative displays captivated audiences and influenced generations of artists to come. This publication, the first dedicated to Wilfred in over forty years, draws on the artist's personal archives and includes a number of insightful essays that trace the development of his work and its relation to his cultural milieu. Featuring a foreword by the celebrated artist James Turrell, Lumia helps to secure Wilfred's rightful place within the canon of modern art.
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Making European Cult Cinema

Fan Enterprise in an Alternative Economy

Author: Oliver Carter

Publisher: Transmedia

ISBN: 9789089649935

Category:

Page: 226

View: 6204

Fans of cult films don't just watch the movies they love--they frequently engage with them in other, more creative ways as well. Making European Cult Cinema explores the ways in which that fandom could be understood as an alternative economy of fan enterprise, through a close look at how fans produce and distribute artifacts and commodities related to cult films. Built around interviews and ethnographic observations--and even the author's own fan enterprise--the book creates an innovative theoretical framework that draws in ideas from cultural studies and political economy to introduce the concept of an "alternative economy" as a way to understand fan productions.
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Contemporary Chinese America

Immigration, Ethnicity, and Community Transformation

Author: Min Zhou

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 1592138594

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 3294

A sociologist of international migration examines the Chinese American experience.
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Animation

Art and Industry

Author: Maureen Furniss

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0861969049

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 248

View: 2788

Animation—Art and Industry is an introductory reader covering a broad range of animation studies topics, focusing on both American and international contexts. It provides information about key individuals in the fields of both independent and experimental animation, and introduces a variety of topics relevant to the critical study of media—censorship, representations of gender and race, and the relationship between popular culture and fine art. Essays span the silent era to the present, include new media such as web animation and gaming, and address animation made using a variety of techniques.
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The Dream That Kicks

The Prehistory and Early Years of Cinema in Britain

Author: Michael Chanan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134816804

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2820

The Dream the Kicks is a classic account of the prehistory and early years of cinema in Britain. In this new paperback edition, which has been thoroughly revised to take into account recent scholarship of early cinema, Michael Chanan provides a fasciniating account of the rich and hitherto hidden history of the origins of film. Chanan demonstrates that the theory of `the persistence of vision', which led to the invention of moving pictures, has been superceded by modern scientific findings. In its place, he puts forward a theory of invention as a type of bricolage, and shows that cinematography was a product of the forces of nineteenth century capitalism. He discusses the wealth of influences, both popular and bourgeois, on the culture of early cinema, including diorama, the magic lantern, itinerant entertainers and music hall. He looks at the relationship between film and photography, and considers the nascent film business, the ways in which early cinema was received by its audiences and the developing aesthetics of cinema in its first fifteen years.
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