Explorations in Economic Sociology

Author: Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610445228

Category: Social Science

Page: 476

View: 9765

Since the mid-1980s, as public discourse has focused increasingly on the troubled economy, many social scientists have argued the need for more analysis of the social relationships that undergird economic life. The original essays in Explorations in Economic Sociology represent the most important work in this renewed field and employ a rich variety of research methods—theoretical, ethnographic, and historical—to illustrate its key concerns. Explorations in Economic Sociology forges innovative social theories of such economic institutions as money, markets, and industry. Although traditional economists have identified markets as driven solely by the forces of supply and demand, social factors frequently intervene. Sales at auction are determined not simply by a seller's personal knowledge of customers. Shareholder attitudes and employee organization influence everything from the way firms borrow money to the way corporate performance is measured. Firms themselves operate in social networks in which trust is a crucial factor in settling the terms for cooperation or competition. Throughout the essays in this volume, the contributors point the way to developing a more healthy economy by fostering productive industrial networks, avoiding disintegration at management levels, and anticipating the consequences of the shift from manufacturing to service industries. Explorations in Economic Sociology is a pioneering work that bridges the gap between social theory and economic analysis and demonstrates the importance of this union in achieving an effective understanding of economic issues. The book should stimulate new interest in economic sociology by bringing together many of its most fundamental voices.
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Wirtschaft in der New Economic Sociology

Eine Systematisierung und Kritik

Author: Jan Sparsam

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658075589

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 890

Das Buch widmet sich der Rekonstruktion der theoretischen Gehalte und einer immanenten Kritik der vier zentralen marktsoziologischen Konzeptionen der New Economic Sociology, verbunden mit den Namen Granovetter, White, Fligstein und Beckert. Die These lautet, dass die Ansätze ihr erklärtes Ziel, die Erklärung wirtschaftlicher als sozialer Sachverhalte, nicht verwirklichen können. Dazu werden ihre jeweiligen Inkonsistenzen und Leerstellen herausgearbeitet. Zuletzt wird gezeigt, dass nicht nur die Erklärungsstruktur der Ansätze, sondern auch ihre Erklärungslücken denen der Wirtschaftswissenschaft auf überraschende Weise ähneln.
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Handbuch der Wirtschaftssoziologie

Author: Andrea Maurer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531199072

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 316

Das Handbuch der Wirtschaftssoziologie bündelt soziologische Perspektiven auf Wirtschaft und demonstriert den Beitrag soziologischer Erklärungen und Analysen für ein besseres Verständnis wirtschaftlicher Institutionen und Prozesse. Die Beiträge schließen damit sowohl eine Lücke innerhalb der klassischen Soziologie als auch der neoklassischen Ökonomik. Es vermittelt einen fundierten und gut aufbereiteten Überblick klassischer sozialwissenschaftlicher Zugänge und die Grundposition der neuen Wirtschaftssoziologie. In der zweiten Auflage finden sich darüber hinaus auch wichtige aktuelle Theorieentwicklungen und bedeutende empirische Studien dargestellt. Neu hinzugekommen sind außerdem gesellschaftstheoretische Beiträge zum Kapitalismus bzw. zu Prozessen der Vermarktlichung und Ökonomisierung und zu deren kritischer Wahrnehmung in der Gesellschaft.
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Grundlagen der Wirtschaftssoziologie

Author: Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531158709

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9159

In ‚Principles of Economic Sociology’ skizziert Richard Swedberg, einer der Wegbereiter der neuen Wirtschaftssoziologie, die Konturen dieser vielversprechenden, in den 1980er Jahren (wieder) entdeckten Forschungstradition und eröffnet so wertvolle Einsichten in eine Soziologie der Wirtschaft. Das in den USA 2004 erschienene Werk, das nun auch in deutscher Sprache vorliegt, ist der ambitionierte Versuch, die noch junge, soziologische Analyseform auf Augenhöhe mit der neoklassischen Ökonomik, der Spieltheorie und auch der ökonomischen Verhaltensforschung zu positionieren und neue, soziologische Einsichten in das Wirtschaftsgeschehen zu eröffnen. Mit großer Leidenschaft und dem notwendigen Augenmaß führt Richard Swedberg, der exklusive Kenner der soziologischen wie der ökonomischen Tradition, in die Grundlagen des Faches ein (Marx, Weber, Toqueville) und vermittelt einen konzisen Überblick über die aktuellen Ansätze wie das Einbettungskonzept von Mark Granovetter, die Netzwerktheorie von Harrison White, das Rationalprogramm von James S. Coleman und die Feldtheorie von Pierre Bourdieu. Insbesondere aber vermitteln die ‚Grundlagen der Wirtschaftssoziologie’ ein lebendiges Bild von den Anwendungsgebieten: Unternehmen, Märkten, Recht, Kultur, Vertrauen, Konsum, Geschlecht u.a.
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Der „Neue Institutionalismus“

Studien zum Vergleich seiner Forschungsprogramme

Author: Michael Schmid

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658202335

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 9591

Der Band versammelt Arbeiten zur Rekonstruktion wirtschaftssoziologischer und institutionenökonomischer Forschungsprogramme. Ziel der Darstellungen ist der Vergleich, deren Themenstellungen und Erklärungsreichweite und der Nachweis, dass eine interdisziplinär integrierte Theorie- und Modellentwicklung erwartbar und fruchtbringend ist. Der Inhalt• Soziologie und Ökonomie• Das institutionentheoretische Forschungsprogramm Die ZielgruppenStudierende und Lehrende der Wirtschaftssoziologie, der Organisationstheorie und der Institutionenökonomik Der AutorProf. Dr. Michael Schmid war an der Universität der Bundeswehr in München tätig.
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Explorations in the Sociology of Consumption

Fast Food, Credit Cards and Casinos

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761971207

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 2867

In this book, one of the leading social theorists and cultural commentators of modern times, turns his gaze on consumption. George Ritzer, author of the famous McDonaldization Thesis, demonstrates the irrational consequences of the rational desire to consume and commodify. He examines how McDonaldization might be resisted, and situates the reader in the new cultural spaces that are emerging in society: shopping malls, casino hotels, Disneyfied theme parks and Las Vegas -- the new `cathedrals of consumption' as he calls them. The book shows how new processes of consumption relate to globalization theory. In illuminating discussions of the work of Thorstein Veblen and the French situationists, Ritzer unearths the roots of problems of consumption in older sociological traditions. He indicates how transgression is bound up with consumption, through an investigation of the obscene in popular and postmodern culture.
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Self, Social Structure, and Beliefs

Explorations in Sociology

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander,Gary T. Marx,Christine L. Williams

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520241374

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 7497

Annotation This is an exploration of the creative work done by leading sociologists who were inspired by the scholarship of Neil Smelser.
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Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World

Seeing the Social World

Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412992435

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 7862

Continually praised for its conversational tone, personal examples, and helpful pedagogical tools, the exciting Third Edition of Kenneth Allan's Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World has been reorganized around the modern ideas of progress, knowledge, and democracy. With a historical thread woven throughout the chapters, the book presents a diverse selection of major classical theorists: marx, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Mead, Schutz, Martineau Gilman, Du Bois, and Parsons. Author Kenneth Allan focuses on the specific views of each theorist, rather than schools of thought, and highlights modernity and postmodernity to help readers understand how classical theory applies to their lives.
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Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion

Author: Tope Omoniyi,Joshua A. Fishman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027293376

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 347

View: 7313

The Sociology of Language and Religion (SLR) is still in its infancy as a sub-discipline in the macrosociolinguistic tradition. It is therefore no coincidence that the editorial collaboration to produce its first definitive text Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion has involved Joshua A. Fishman, often cited in the literature as one of the founders of the Sociology of Language. Tope Omoniyi brings to the collaboration an insightful and incisive critical eye for engaging with diversity in the treatment of language and religion. Together as editors they have successfully midwived the birth of SLR. The studies and debates contained in this volume revisit those themes that both of the contributory disciplines of Sociology of Language and Religion have common interest in. The contributing authors explore new methodologies and paradigms of analysis that they deem appropriate for this interesting and complex interface in an attempt to demonstrate how the shared interests of these disciplines impact social practices in various communities around the world. The ultimate objective of the discussions is to fashion tools for creating a body of new knowledge that supports the emergence of a better society. Towards this end, the authors have harnessed resources from varied geographical, cultural, linguistic and religious constituencies without compromising analytical depth. In the process, they have opened up new areas of sociolinguistic inquiry. The volume is thus presented as a highly useful reference resource both for undergraduate and postgraduate scholarship.
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Informality

Social Theory and Contemporary Practice

Author: Barbara Misztal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134730276

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 7580

For most of the twentieth century, modernity has been characterised by the formalisation of social relations as face to face interactions are replaced by impersonal bureaucracy and finance. As we enter the new millennium, however, it becomes increasingly clear that it is only by stepping outside these formal structures that trust and co-operation can be created and social change achieved. In a brilliant theoretical tour de force, illustrated with sustained case studies of changing societies in the former eastern Europe and of changing forms of interaction within so-called virtual communities, Barbara Misztal, argues that only the society that achieves an appropriate balance between the informality and formality of interaction will find itself in a position to move forward to further democratisation and an improved quality of life.
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Explorations in Social Theory

From Metatheorizing to Rationalization

Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761967729

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 2271

George Ritzer is one of the leading social and cultural commentators of the present day. In this essential new book he considers some of the main tendencies in contemporary social theory. Included here are Ritzer's latest reflections on the uses and misuses of metatheory. According to Ritzer, sociology is a multiparadigm science. The differences and intensities of rivalries between paradigms are often very confusing for students and even for professional sociologists. This book seeks to find a way out of the confusion by sketching out the lineaments of a new integrated sociological paradigm and demonstrates how this paradigm can be applied. It shows the various ways in which Ritzer has developed rationalization theory to shed light on professional integration, the shape of consumer culture, hyperrationality and the state of sociology today.
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Explorations in Pragmatic Economics

Selected Papers of George A. Akerlof (and Co-authors).

Author: George A. Akerlof

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199253906

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 514

View: 1386

Akerlof's substantial introduction to this volume tells the story of these papers, connecting them and showing how his later work has built upon his early contributions, in many cases improving their arguments, their subtlety, and their usefulness today.
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Politics and Policy Making in Education

Explorations in Sociology

Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415675340

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 9555

Based on interviews with key actors in the policy-making process, this book maps the changes in education policy and policy making in the Thatcherite decade. The focus of the book is the 1988 Education Reform Act, its origins, purposes and effects, and it looks behind the scenes at the priorities of the politicians, civil servants and government advisers who were influential in making changes. Using direct quotations from senior civil servants and former secretaries of state it provides a fascinating insight into the way in which policy is made. The book focuses on real-life political conflicts, examining the way in which education policy was related to the ideal of society projected by Thatcherism. It looks in detail at the New Right government advisers and think tanks; the industrial lobby, addressing issues such as the National Curriculum, national testing and City Technical Colleges. The author sets these important issues within a clear theoretical framework which illuminates the whole process of policy making.
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The Body and Society

Explorations in Social Theory

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412929865

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 3356

This is a fully revised edition of a book that may fairly claim to have re-opened the sociology of the body as a legitimate area of enquiry. The book provides an unparalleled guide to all aspects of the sociology of the body. Each chapter has been revised and updated and the book contains new material that reflects changes in the field since the last edition. In particular, Turner's developing position on the centrality of vulnerability. Assured and innovative, this book provides the most authoritative statement of work on the sociology of the body by what many experts regard to be the leading writer in the field.
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Meaning and Moral Order

Explorations in Cultural Analysis

Author: Robert Wuthnow

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520909250

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 6711

Meaning and Moral Order goes beyond classical, neoclassical, and poststructural theories of culture in its attempt to move away from problems of meaning to a more objective concept of culture. Innovative, controversial, challenging, it will compel scholars to rethink many of the assumptions on which the study of ideology, ritual, religion, science, and culture have been based.
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Explorations in New Cinema History

Approaches and Case Studies

Author: Richard Maltby,Daniel Biltereyst,Philippe Meers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396404

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 352

View: 9968

Explorations in New Cinema History brings together cutting-edge research by the leading scholars in the field to identify new approaches to writing and understanding the social and cultural history of cinema, focusing on cinema’s audiences, the experience of cinema, and the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange. Includes contributions from Robert Allen, Annette Kuhn, John Sedwick, Mark Jancovich, Peter Sanfield, and Kathryn Fuller-Seeley among others Develops the original argument that the social history of cinema-going and of the experience of cinema should take precedence over production- and text-based analyses Explores the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange, including patterns of popularity and taste, the role of individual movie theatres in creating and sustaining their audiences, and the commercial, political and legal aspects of film exhibition and distribution Prompts readers to reassess their understanding of key periods of cinema history, opening up cinema studies to long-overdue conversations with other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences Presents rigorous empirical research, drawing on digital technology and geospatial information systems to provide illuminating insights in to the uses of cinema
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Quantitative Explorations in Drug Abuse Policy

Author: I. Leveson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401177155

Category: Medical

Page: 191

View: 3288

IRVING LEVESON The 19608 was a period of rapid social and economic change, coupled with spectacular growth in the role of government in dealing with social issues. The demands of public programs and policies created enormous pressures for improved information and analyses. In the field of drug abuse these pressures were compounded by the rapid rise of drug use and the absence of much critical information and analysis. The most elementary steps to develop a data base were just beginning, and many years of effort would be required before the accumulation of knowledge could produce. a strong foundation for public policy. There has been enormous progress in improving knowledge about drug abuse since the mid-1960s. However, as in many fields, research has concentrated on a few questions while others largely are ignored, and even where studies exist there are problems of assimilation. Information is widely dispersed, not always accessible and often not in the most useful form. Many analysts do not have adequate understanding of the ways in which studies might enter into policy development, while at the same time, persons responsible for policy formation often do not have sufficient knowledge of how to use research to help resolve policy issues. A major objective of this volume is to illustrate the formation of linkages which may bridge the gap between research and policy.
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Large Databases in Economic History

Research Methods and Case Studies

Author: Mark Casson,Nigar Hashimzade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317963644

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 4278

‘Big data’ is now readily available to economic historians, thanks to the digitisation of primary sources, collaborative research linking different data sets, and the publication of databases on the internet. Key economic indicators, such as the consumer price index, can be tracked over long periods, and qualitative information, such as land use, can be converted to a quantitative form. In order to fully exploit these innovations it is necessary to use sophisticated statistical techniques to reveal the patterns hidden in datasets, and this book shows how this can be done. A distinguished group of economic historians have teamed up with younger researchers to pilot the application of new techniques to ‘big data’. Topics addressed in this volume include prices and the standard of living, money supply, credit markets, land values and land use, transport, technological innovation, and business networks. The research spans the medieval, early modern and modern periods. Research methods include simultaneous equation systems, stochastic trends and discrete choice modelling. This book is essential reading for doctoral and post-doctoral researchers in business, economic and social history. The case studies will also appeal to historical geographers and applied econometricians.
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