Experiences in Researching Conflict and Violence

Fieldwork Interrupted

Author: Rivas, Althea-Maria,Browne, Brendan Ciarán

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447337689

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4309

This collection explores the roles of emotion, violence, uncertainty, identity and positionality in doing research in and on conflict zones, as well as the complexity of methodological choices. It presents a nuanced view of conflict research that addresses the uncomfortable spaces of conflict research and the need for reflection on these issues.
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Researching Conflict in Africa

Insights and Experiences

Author: Elisabeth J. Porter

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: 9789280811193

Category: History

Page: 170

View: 4676

Parts of Africa experience persistent violence and seemingly intractable conflicts. These violent conflicts have drawn researchers seeking to determine and explain why conflicts are prevalent, what makes them intensify, and how conflicts can be resolved. This book addresses these issues.
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Children's Voices: Studies of interethnic conflict and violence in European schools

Author: Mateja Sedmak,Zorana Medarić,Sarah Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134493452

Category: Education

Page: 174

View: 5929

How are the processes of increasing ethnic and racial diversity reflected in European schools? How do children and educators experience and perceive interethnic relations in schools? This book examines the issues of interethnic coexistence, the management of ethnic diversity, xenophobic and racial attitudes and, in particular, the under-researched topic of interethnic violence among children in the school environment. Drawing together qualitative and quantitative data across five European countries it offers an insight into the views, personal experiences and responses of children from different ethnic backgrounds to interethnic violence in European schools. International contributors from England, Slovenia, Cyprus, Italy and Austria come together to provide a comparative study of experiences of interethnic conflict and violence in primary and secondary school classrooms. Each chapter focuses on positive measures that can combat discrimination, providing examples of good practice as well as considering the position of the school in promoting citizenship in an increasingly global world. By examining the experiences and perspectives of children, educators and experts, the book provides up-to-date research findings in the field and suggests key mechanisms for addressing interethnic violence in schools. With support, schools can play a key role in alleviating interethnic tensions and combatting ethnocentrism through the implementation of strong policies, acting as ‘protected spaces’. Children’s Voices: Studies of interethnic conflict and violence in European schools is of international relevance both within Europe, and beyond, and will appeal to researchers, teachers and policy makers concerned with race equality in the classroom.
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The Ashgate Research Companion to Political Violence

Author: Professor Marie Breen-Smyth

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409471829

Category: Political Science

Page: 622

View: 7767

Aimed at scholars and students interested in peace and conflict studies, this companion is a comprehensive resource to the principal debates on political violence. With 27 specially commissioned essays written by leading scholars in the field, this authoritative guide and source book addresses a wide range of issues in a field which is becoming an increasingly important part of courses on peace and conflict.
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Emotional and Ethical Challenges for Field Research in Africa

The Story Behind the Findings

Author: S. Thomson,A. Ansoms,J. Murison

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726375X

Category: Social Science

Page: 169

View: 2253

Academic literature rarely gives an account of the ethical challenges and emotional pitfalls the researcher is confronted with before, during and after being in the field. Giving personal accounts, the authors explore some of the challenges one can face when engaging in local-level research in difficult situations.
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Violent Conflict and the Transformation of Social Capital

Lessons from Cambodia, Rwanda, Guatemala, and Somalia

Author: Nat J. Colletta,Michelle L. Cullen

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821344125

Category: Social Science

Page: 139

View: 1517

A book based on field studies conducted in Cambodia, Rwanda, Guatemala, and Somalia.
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The American Prison

Issues in Research and Policy

Author: Lynne Goodstein,Doris L. MacKenzie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468456520

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 9364

Despite the dire forecasts of others who had themselves edited books, we proceeded with the project of an edited volume on the American prison, although with more than a little trepidation. We had heard the horror stories of authors turning in their chapters months or years late or never at all, of publishers delaying publication dates, of volumes that read more like patchwork quilts than finely loomed cloth. As if to prove the others wrong, our experience in editing this volume has been mar velous, and we think the volume reflects this. Most likely, the success of our experience and of the volume stems from two elements: first, the professionalism and commitment of the authors themselves; and second, the fact that early in the life of this volume, most of the authors convened for a conference to critique and coordinate the chapters. This book brings together an illustrious group of criminologists and correctional scholars who wrote chapters explicitly for this volume. Co hesiveness was furthered by the charge we gave to each author to (1) present the major issues, (2) review the empirical research, and (3) dis cuss the implications of this work for present and future correctional policy. The goal of this project was to examine the major correctional issues facing prison systems. The chapters scrutinize the issues from the perspective of the system and the individual, from theory to practical and daily management problems, from legal to psychological concerns.
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Research Methods in Conflict Settings

A View from Below

Author: Dyan Mazurana,Karen Jacobsen,Lacey Andrews Gale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107292646

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 4328

Increasing numbers of researchers are working in regions experiencing high levels of conflict or crisis, or among populations that have fled violent conflict to become refugees or internally displaced persons. Understanding these conflicts and their aftermath should be shaped not only by the victors and their elite companions but also by the local people whose daily lives become intertwined with the conflict - this 'view from below' is explored in this volume. Conducting rigorous research in these contexts presents a range of ethical, methodological, logistical and security challenges not usually confronted in non-conflict field contexts. This volume compiles lessons learned by experienced field researchers, many of whom have faced demanding situations characterized by violence, distrust and social fragmentation. The authors offer options for studying the situations of people affected by conflict and, by focusing on ethical and security issues, seek ways to safeguard the interests and integrity of the research 'subjects' and of the researchers and their teams.
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Engaging Violence

Trauma, memory and representation

Author: Ivana Maček

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134621604

Category: Psychology

Page: 214

View: 1081

This volume opens up new ground in the field of social representations research by focusing on contexts involving mass violence, rather than on relatively stable societies. Representations of violence are not only symbolic, but in the first place affective and bodily, especially when it comes to traumatic experiences. Exploring the responses of researchers, educators, students and practitioners to long-term engagement with this emotionally demanding material, the book considers how empathic knowledge can make working in this field more bearable and deepen our understanding of the Holocaust, genocide, war, and mass political violence. Bringing together international contributors from a range of disciplines including anthropology, clinical psychology, history, history of ideas, religious studies, social psychology, and sociology, the book explores how scholars, students, and professionals engaged with violence deal with the inevitable emotional stresses and vicarious trauma they experience. Each chapter draws on personal histories, and many suggest new theoretical and methodological concepts to investigate emotional reactions to this material. The insights gained through these reflections can function protectively, enabling those who work in this field to handle adverse situations more effectively, and can yield valuable knowledge about violence itself, allowing researchers, teachers, and professionals to better understand their materials and collocutors. Engaging Violence: Trauma, memory, and representation will be of key value to students, scholars, psychologists, humanitarian aid workers, UN personnel, policy makers, social workers, and others who are engaged, directly or indirectly, with mass political violence, war, or genocide.
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GLOBAL ISSUES ON RURAL AND URBAN CONFLICT VIOLENCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY

Author: Dada, Adebusola Olorunfemi and Victor Lukpata ,Oyelade, O. A,Bola Abefe-Balogun ,Oyelade, O. A., Daramola, O. F., and Anwanane, N. B,Japhet E, Yerima,Adewumi Adeyemi,Okoro, Kelechi Collins; Ubaku, Kelechi Chika; Ugwuja, Amaechi Alex,Niladri Sekhar Ghosh

Publisher: Science and Education Development Institute, Nigeria

ISBN: 9785223191

Category:

Page: 99

View: 7791

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Encountering Transcendence

Contributions to a Theology of Christian Religious Experience

Author: Lieven Boeve,Hans Geybels,Stijn Van den Bossche

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9789042916746

Category: Religion

Page: 487

View: 6850

This volume consists of several contributions to a refined understanding of religious experience in view of contemporary theological epistemology. Diverse sample studies taken from the extensive field of religion, theology and religious studies reveal that 'religious experience' is today clearly a pivotal issue. More specifically, this is made evident in modern theological hermeneutics and in the anti-modern and/or post-modern reactions thereto, the theology of world religions and inter-religious dialogue, the contemporary resurgence of religiosity in Western society and culture, and the so-called turn to religion in contemporary continental philosophy. It would appear from such studies that the category of 'religious experience' is frequently called upon to clarify or explain the phenomenon of religion and religiosity on the one hand and to support and legitimise religious positions or the critique thereof on the other. Because of the loss of plausibility of tradition-bound religiosity and of foundational, so-called onto-theological schemes, 'religious experience' has come to constitute, for many, the last (or latest) point of departure and anchor for religion and religious thinking. This is certainly the case with respect to tendencies within contemporary Christian traditions and theological reflection. In a multitude of ways and from a variety of different perspectives, 'religious experience' and 'experience of transcendence' or 'of the divine' have gained a prominent place in philosophical and fundamental-theological conceptual schemes. In reaction to this, other authors have denied the very primacy given to religious experience in reflecting upon faith, pointing to the constitutive role of tradition and narrative without which there is no religious experience. From all this follows that the category of religious experience is in great need of reconceptualisation, not least from a theological point of view. On the one hand, religious experience is all too easily called upon to legitimise religious claims (often against 'tradition') and on the other hand, the category has become misleading in so far as it is tainted by the modern scientific understanding of experience - in reaction to which 'tradition' is then easily invoked to protect the core of religion. Both young scholars at the preceding junior conference and senior scholars during the conference's paper sessions presented from diverse perspectives new ways to conceive of religious experience in view of today's challenges of secularisation, religious plurality, the aestheticisation of religion, etc. The selected contributions have been arranged in four thematically oriented parts: 'Approaching Religious Experience in a Postmodern Age', 'Modern (re)Thinking of Religious Experience', 'Liberating Religious Experience', and 'Challenges for Spirituality'.
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Family Problems and Family Violence

Reliable Assessment and the ICD-11

Author: Steven R.H. Beach, Ph.D.,Richard E. Heyman, Ph.D.,Amy Smith Slep, Ph.D.,Heather M. Foran, Ph.D.,Marianne Z. Wamboldt, M.D.

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610911X

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 300

View: 8496

“This remarkable volume...is both conceptually robust and highly practical...The book promises to heighten awareness among clinicians around the world about the diagnostic and therapeutic importance of family relationships in human health and disease. It also will serve as a roadmap for the critically important work that lies ahead.” —David G. Addiss Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership Kalamazoo, MI Family problems and family violence are major global concerns that have a vast impact on both psychological and physical health, and economic well-being. This text, the only book of its kind, describes recent innovations in defining and assessing family problems and family violence. It provides a framework for improving global assessment of relational processes as addressed in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The book includes a complete set of practical clinical and public health tools—easily implemented across a wide range of setting—for defining, screening, and assessing family violence in accordance with these new definitions. It reviews the impact of family violence on all aspects of physical and mental health and economic well-being, including global considerations of cross-cultural relationship assessment, and provides recommendations for modifications and cross-cultural validation. The book is consistently organized for ease of use and consolidates ICD codes into four scientifically based categories: intimate partner violence, partner relationship distress, child maltreatment, and parent-child relation problems. Clinicians who assess and treat family violence and students and policymakers will benefit from several new state-of-the-art screening tools and structured interviews that can be easily administered in hospitals, clinics, and other health care settings. This text will also be an important addition to graduate training programs across many disciplines regarding the assessment of family maltreatment, parent-child problems, and relationship discord. Key Features: Contains a wealth of current validated screening and interview tools that can be used in clinical or research settings Provides a global perspective on assessing and treating family violence Provides recommendations for surveillance of family problems and family violence addressed in the ICD-11 Highlights the implications of relational problems for mental and physical health and economic well-being in a global context
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Women, Sexual Violence and the Indonesian Killings of 1965-66

Author: Annie Pohlman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131781794X

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 6144

The Indonesian massacres of 1965-1966 claimed the lives of an estimated half a million men, women and children. Histories of this period of mass violence in Indonesia’s past have focused almost exclusively on top-level political and military actors, their roles in the violence, and their movements and mobilization of perpetrators. Based on extensive interviews with women survivors of the massacres and detention camps, this book provides the first in-depth analysis of sexualised forms of violence perpetrated against women and girl victims during this period. It looks at the stories of individual women caught up in the massacres and mass arrests, focusing on their testimonies and their experiences of violence and survival. The book aims not only to redress the lack of scholarly attention but also to provide significant new analysis on the gendered and gendering effects of sexual violence against women and girls in situations of genocidal violence.
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A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development

Author: Patricia Justino,Tilman Brück,Philip Verwimp

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191641731

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 8608

This volume presents an innovative new analytical framework for understanding the dynamics of violent conflict and its impact on people and communities living in contexts of violence. Bringing together the findings of MICROCON, an influential five year research programme funded by the European Commission, this book provides readers with the most current and comprehensive evidence available on violent conflict from a micro-level perspective. MICROCON was the largest programme on conflict analysis in Europe from 2007-2011, and its policy outreach has helped to influence EU development policy, and supported policy capacity in many conflict-affected countries. Whilst traditional studies into conflict have been through an international /regional lens with the state as the primary unit of analysis, the micro-level perspective offered by this volume places the individuals, households, groups and communities affected by conflict at the centre of analysis. Studying how people behave in groups and communities; and how they interact with the formal and informal institutions that manage local tensions, is crucial to understanding the conflict cycle. These micro-foundations therefore provide a more in-depth analysis of the causes and consequences of violent conflict. By challenging the ways we think about conflict, this book bridges the gap in evidence, allowing for more specific and accurate policy interventions for conflict resolution and development processes to help reduce poverty in the lives of those affected by conflict. This volume is divided into four parts. Part I introduces the conceptual framework of MICROCON. Part II focuses on individual and group motivations in conflict processes. Part III highlights the micro-level consequences of violent conflict. The final section of this volume focuses on policy implications and future research agenda.
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Family Interventions in Domestic Violence

A Handbook of Gender-Inclusive Theory and Treatment

Author: John Hamel, LCSW,Tonia L. Nicholls, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103291

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 5076

In this exciting new book John Hamel, author of the ground-breaking Gender-Inclusive Treatment of Intimate Partner Abuse, and Tonia Nicholls go beyond the traditional intervention theories of domestic violence practiced today. Offering alternative, unbiased and sometimes controversial views, theories, and current research, they, along with renowned contributors in the field, provide new treatment options that encompass a wide range of gender dynamics. Here are just some of the key principles covered: Interventions Should Be Based on a Thorough Unbiased Assessment Victim/Perpetrator Distinctions are Overstated, and Much Partner Abuse is Mutual Regardless of Perpetrator Gender, Child Witnesses to Partner Abuse are Adversely Affected, and are at Risk for Perpetrating Partner Abuse as Adults This new gender-inclusive approach to assessment and intervention provides a significant departure from traditional paradigms of domestic violence, and offers a much-needed awareness to effectively prevent violence in our communities today and for future generations.
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Understanding Peace Research

Methods and Challenges

Author: Kristine Hoglund,Magnus Oberg

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136809147

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6974

This textbook provides a comprehensive overview of different methods and sources of information-gathering for peace and conflict students and researchers, as well as the challenges presented by such work. Research on conflict-ridden societies carries special challenges for the collection and evaluation of information about the conflict and its actors. First, due to the nature of information emerging, incentives to misrepresent and propaganda is common. News coverage is sometimes poor and reporting is often incomplete, selective and biased. Second, the sensitivity of the topic and the questions posed in peace and conflict research means that access to and the security of informants can be a problem. Peace and conflict research as a discipline encompasses a number of different approaches for obtaining empirical information which serve as a basis for analyzing various research topics. This book provides a comprehensive overview of different methods and sources of information-gathering for students and researchers, as well as the challenges presented by such work. It offers: tools for evaluating sources and information suggestions on where different types of information can be found advice on using different types of sources, including news reports and written narratives practical guidelines for constructing large-scale datasets insights and guidelines for comparative fieldwork, in-depth interviews, focus groups, and surveys reflection and discussion on important ethical concerns in peace research This book will be of much interest for students and researchers of peace and conflict studies, conflict resolution, war and conflict studies, development studies, security studies and IR, as well as for NGO workers/researchers. Kristine Höglund is Associate Professor at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University. She has a PhD in Peace and Conflict Research from Uppsala University Sweden (2004). She is author of Peacemaking in the Shadow of Violence. Magnus Öberg is Associate Professor at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, and Associate Editor of the Journal of Peace Research (since 2006). He has a PhD in Peace and Conflict Research from Uppsala University (2003) and is co-editor of Resources, Governance, and Civil Conflict (Routledge, 2008).
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Conflict and Multimodal Communication

Social Research and Machine Intelligence

Author: Francesca D'Errico,Isabella Poggi,Alessandro Vinciarelli,Laura Vincze

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319140817

Category: Computers

Page: 479

View: 4012

This book explores the use of technology to detect, predict and understand social cues, in order to analyze and prevent conflict. Traditional human sciences approaches are enriched with the latest developments in Social Signal Processing aimed at an automatic understanding of conflict and negotiation. Communication—both verbal and non-verbal, within the context of a conflict—is studied with the aim of promoting the use of intelligent machines that automatically measure and understand the escalation of conflict, and are able to manage it, in order to support the negotiation process. Particular attention is paid to the integration of human sciences findings with computational approaches, from the application of correct methodologies for the collection of valid data to the development of computational approaches inspired by research on verbal and multimodal communication. In the words of the trade unionist Pierre Carniti, "We should reevaluate conflict, since without conflict there is no social justice." With this in mind, this volume does not approach conflict simply as an obstacle to be overcome, but as a concept to be fully analyzed. The philosophical, linguistic and psychological aspects of conflict, once understood, can be used to promote conflict management as a means for change and social justice.
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The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 9441

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
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