Evaluation in Media Discourse

Analysis of a Newspaper Corpus

Author: Monika Bednarek

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441139168

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 5439

Evaluation is the linguistic expression of speaker/writer opinion, and has only recently become the focus of linguistic analysis. This book presents the first corpus-based account of evaluation; one hundred newspaper articles collated to form a 70,000 word comparable corpus, drawn from both tabloid and broadsheet media. The book provides detailed explanations and justifications of the underlying framework of evaluation, as well as demonstrating how this is part of the larger framework of media discourse. Unlike many other linguistic analyses of media language, it makes frequent reference to the production circumstances of newspaper discourse, in particular the so-called 'news values' that shape the creation of the news. Cutting-edge and insightful, Evaluation in Media Discourse will be of interest to academics and researchers in corpus linguistics and media discourse.

Evaluation in Media Discourse

European Perspectives

Author: Ruth Breeze,Ins Olza

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9783034320146

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 8321

This book analyses European media discourses using a variety of tools, including appraisal analysis, argumentation theory, multimodal approaches and corpus linguistics, with various theoretical approaches, including SFL and corpus-informed discourse studies, critical discourse analysis, semio-communicative approaches, and Bakhtinian perspectives.

Historical Discourse

The Language of Time, Cause and Evaluation

Author: Caroline Coffin

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847065732

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 2789

Analyses the importance of the language of time, cause and evaluation in both texts which students at secondary school are required to read, and their own writing for assessment. This book demonstrates through a study of historical texts, that writing about the past requires different genres, lexical and grammatical structures.

Evaluation in Context

Author: Geoff Thompson,Laura Alba-Juez

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027270724

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 418

View: 3725

It is now an acknowledged fact in the world of linguistics that the concept of evaluation is crucial, and that there is very little – if any – discourse that cannot be analyzed through the prism of its evaluative content. This book presents some of the latest developments in the study of this phenomenon. Released more than a decade later than Hunston and Thompson’s (2000) Evaluation in Text, Evaluation in Context is designed as its sequel, in an attempt to continue, update and extend the different avenues of research opened by the earlier work. Both theoretical and empirical studies on the topic are presented, with the intention of scrutinizing as many of its dimensions as possible, by not only looking at evaluative texts, but also considering the aspects of the discursive context that affect the final evaluative meaning at both the production and reception stages of the evaluative act. The editors’ main objective has been to gather contributions which investigate the manifold faces and phases of evaluation by presenting a wide variety of perspectives that include different linguistic theories (e.g. Axiological Semantics, Functionalism or Politeness Theory), different levels of linguistic description (e.g. phonological, lexical or semantic), and different text types and contexts (e.g. the evaluation found in ironic discourse, the multimodality of media discourse or the world of politics, just to name a few). The volume can be of use not only for scholars who study the evaluative function of language, but also for students who wish to pursue research in the area.

The Language of Evaluation

Appraisal in English

Author: J. Martin,Peter R.R. White

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230511910

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 278

View: 8603

This is the first comprehensive account of the Appraisal Framework. The underlying linguistic theory is explained and justified, and the application of this flexible tool, which has been applied to a wide variety of text and discourse analysis issues, is demonstrated throughout by sample text analyses from a range of registers, genres and fields.

Space, Time and Evaluation in Ideological Discourse

Author: Laura Filardo-Llamas,Christopher Hart,Bertie Kaal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317293592

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 144

View: 6632

Bringing together a body of related research which has recently developed in Critical Discourse Analysis, this book is the first to address the role of perspective in socio-political discourse. Specifically, the contributions to this volume seek to explore, from a cognitive standpoint, the way in which perspective functions in three dimensions – space, time, and evaluation – to enact ideology and persuasion. A range of discourse genres are analysed, including political discourse, media discourse, and songs used as political tools. Starting from the contention that discourse processing relies on the same mechanisms that support our understanding and experience of space, the book finds a recurrent theme in the way in which perspectival concepts like distance and focus, prompted by linguistic signs, feature in our discursively constructed knowledge of social and political realities. By highlighting the complex nature of perspective-taking in ideological discourse, the volume sets the agenda for further research in this area. The book will appeal to linguists, discourse analysts, media scholars, and political scientists, and all who are interested in the relationship between language and cognition in the socio-political domain. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Discourse Studies.

Teacher Evaluation in Second Language Education

Author: Amanda Howard,Helen Donaghue

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472511611

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 6314

Effective language learning depends on effective instruction. In order to investigate whether or not this is taking place, teachers' classroom pedagogical practices, both in-service and pre-service, are frequently monitored by means of observation and feedback. However, research indicates that although this process has potential value for teacher learning and development, there are also a number of attendant problems and it is therefore important that practitioners share their experience with others in the field in order to expand the existing knowledge base. This volume investigates participant experiences, looking beyond the materials used and examining the way in which language teachers are evaluated and supported throughout their careers. Particular attention is given to the practices and frameworks involved, outlining key approaches and discussing tools for investigation and collaboration. The book highlights the importance of the use of talk to foster reflection and teacher learning, the value of learning from experienced others and the importance of giving voice to all those involved in the process of development and evaluation.

News Discourse

Author: Monika Bednarek,Helen Caple

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441147993

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 9166

Cutting edge introduction to news discourse, offering an authoritative guide to analyzing language and images and in print and online.

Discourse Analysis and Evaluation

Functional Approaches

Author: Leo Lentz

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042001374

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 175

View: 9975

Functional approaches to the study of language may not only be used to characterize discourse structures, but also to assess their communicative quality. In fact, discourse analysis and evaluation are conceptually related activities. In this volume the link between analysis and evaluation is explored in seven studies discussing a variety of discourse genres like package inserts, telephone openings, survey interviews, meetings, government brochures and direct mail letters. The analytical concepts used stem from different strands of research into language, including cognitive linguistics, pragmalinguistics, conversational analysis and persuasion research.

Social Media Discourse, (Dis)identifications and Diversities

Author: Sirpa Leppanen,Elina Westinen,Samu Kytola

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317230132

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 380

View: 3502

This volume serves as an in-depth investigation of the diversity of means and practices that constitute (dis)identification and identity construction in social media. Given the increasing prevalence of social media in everyday life and the subsequent growing diversity in the types of participants and forms of participation, the book makes the case for a rigorous analysis of social media discourses and digital literacy practices to demonstrate the range of semiotic resources used in online communication that form the foundation of (dis)identification processes. Divided into two major sections, delineating between the (dis)identification of the self across various social categories and the (dis)identification of the self in relation to the "other", the book employs a discourse-ethnographic approach to highlight the value of this type of theoretical framework in providing nuanced descriptions of identity construction in social media and illuminating their larger, long-term societal and cultural implications. This volume is a key resource for researchers, and students in sociolinguistics, discourse studies, computer-mediated communication, and cultural studies.

English-Medium Instruction in Chinese Universities

Perspectives, discourse and evaluation

Author: Jing Zhao,L. Quentin Dixon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317211499

Category: Education

Page: 218

View: 8450

This edited book is about the rationale, practice and classroom implementation of English-medium instruction courses in Chinese universities. It specifically focuses on classroom discourse analysis across different disciplines and settings. The main themes of this book are: describing the state educational policies toward English-medium instruction at the tertiary level; distinguishing English-medium instruction from mainstream foreign language learning; analyzing curricula and discourse at the classroom level and evaluating the learning effectiveness of these courses. This book covers the widespread implementation of English-medium courses in China across different disciplines, and it provides a window for researchers and practitioners from other parts of the world to see the curriculum design,?lesson planning, discourse features and teacher-student interaction in English-medium classrooms in China. Contributors to this volume consists of a panel of highly respected researchers in the fields of bilingual education, English-medium instruction, classroom discourse analysis and language program evaluation. Chapters include, Balance of Content and Language in English-Medium Instruction Classrooms English-Medium Instruction in a Math Classroom: An Observation Study of Classroom Discourse Asking and answering questions in EMI classrooms: What is the Cognitive and Syntactic Complexity Level?

Moral Talk

Stance and Evaluation in Political Discourse

Author: Joe Spencer-Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351581201

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 1618

This book is about moral talk in contemporary British political discourse, drawing on speeches, debates and radio phone-ins. Using a critical sociolinguistic approach, Spencer-Bennett explores the language people use to communicate moral judgement and highlights the relations between the things that people say, the contexts in which they are said and the circulating ideologies about meaning and morality. This is key reading for students and scholars studying language, politics and critical discourse analysis, within linguistics and anthropology.

The Discourse of Broadcast News

A Linguistic Approach

Author: Martin Montgomery

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134243774

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 246

View: 827

In this timely and important study Martin Montgomery unpicks the inside workings of what must still be considered the dominant news medium: broadcast news. Drawing principally on linguistics, but multidisciplinary in its scope, The Discourse of Broadcast News demonstrates that news programmes are as much about showing as telling, as much about ordinary bystanders as about experts, and as much about personal testimony as calling politicians to account. Using close analysis of the discourse of television and radio news, the book reveals how important conventions for presenting news are changing, with significant consequences for the ways audiences understand its truthfulness. Fully illustrated with examples and including detailed examination of the high profile case of ex-BBC journalist Andrew Gilligan, The Discourse of Broadcast News provides a comprehensive study which will challenge our current assumptions about the news. The Discourse of Broadcast News will be a key resource for anyone researching the news, whether they be students of language and linguistics, media studies or communication studies.

The Discourse of Sport

Analyses from Social Linguistics

Author: David Caldwell,John Walsh,Elaine W. Vine,Jon Jureidini

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317290623

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 4625

This collection brings together innovative research from socially-oriented applied linguists working in sports. Drawing on contemporary approaches to applied linguistics, this book provides readers with in-depth analyses of examples of language-in-use in the context of sport, and interprets them through the lens of larger issues within sport culture and practice. With contributions from an international group of scholars, this an essential reference for scholars and researchers in applied linguistics, discourse analysis, sport communication, sport management, journalism and media studies.

For Arguments' Sake

Speaker Evaluation in Modern Political Discourse

Author: Douglas Mark Ponton

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443829373

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 6980

The topic of this book is persuasive rhetoric in political discourse. It asks a familiar, though as yet only partially answered question how is it that human beings can be persuaded to do things through language? Why do we find certain speakers, certain arguments convincing, while we reject others almost without a second thought? Is there any connection between the substance of an argument and its persuasive force; or do we acquiesce to propositions on largely subconscious grounds? Douglas Ponton's answer to these ambitious questions follows a discourse semantics approach, in the footsteps of Martin and White, who have demonstrated the application of their theories to political rhetoric (e.g. 2005: 171-209). Evaluative language, the author suggests, plays a crucial role in attempts to persuade listeners. The book explores the notion that the persuasive force of evaluative language derives from its use within an argumentative structure (Aristotle's logos), to explore which Ponton uses the well-known model proposed by Toulmin (1958). In the first part of the book, the author explores issues relating to the methodology used; the second part is taken up by actual analyses carried out on six speeches by modern rhetors celebrated for their oratorical skills: Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Barack Obama, Winston Churchill, Tony Benn and William Hague. The author has tried to select speakers, and speeches, of great intrinsic interest as well as historical importance, though his main criterion has been the suitability of the speech for analysis in the terms of the study.

Evaluation in the Face of Uncertainty

Anticipating Surprise and Responding to the Inevitable

Author: Jonathan A. Morell

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606238590

Category: Psychology

Page: 303

View: 939

Unexpected events during an evaluation all too often send evaluators into crisis mode. This insightful book provides a systematic framework for diagnosing, anticipating, accommodating, and reining in costs of evaluation surprises. The result is evaluation that is better from a methodological point of view, and more responsive to stakeholders. Jonathan A. Morell identifies the types of surprises that arise at different stages of a program's life cycle and that may affect different aspects of the evaluation, from stakeholder relationships to data quality, methodology, funding, deadlines, information use, and program outcomes. His analysis draws on 18 concise cases from well-known researchers in a variety of evaluation settings. Morell offers guidelines for responding effectively to surprises and for determining the risks and benefits of potential solutions.

News Discourse

Author: Monika Bednarek,Helen Caple

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781350063716

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 2343

Now reissued and retypeset, this canonical book explores the role of language and images in newspaper, radio, online and television news. The authors introduce useful frameworks for analysing language, image and the interaction between the two, and illustrate these with authentic news stories from around the English-speaking world, ranging from the Oktoberfest to environmental disasters to the killing of Osama bin Laden. This analysis persuasively illustrates how events are retold in the news and made 'newsworthy' through both language and image. This clearly written and accessible introduction to news discourse is essential reading for students, lecturers, and researchers in linguistics, media and journalism studies, and semiotics.

Media Performance

Mass Communication and the Public Interest

Author: Denis McQuail

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446232682

Category: Mass media

Page: 368

View: 7251

This major text by the author of Mass Communication Theory offers a comprehensive analysis of the growing field of assessment and evaluation of the performance of mass media. Across different societies, with varying media systems, there is evidence of increasing concern with the nature and quality of media output as well as about the independence and diversity of media systems. In this broad-ranging overview, Denis McQuail outlines the varying means of media performance assessment which have been attempted. He analyzes the central questions of what the public interest' means in this context, which criteria are relevant for assessing media performance, how such values are established and how they can be reconciled with the economic, industrial and audience market contexts. Both encapsulating a major area of recent debate and research, and advancing it to a new level, this book will be essential reading for students of media and communication studies and for those actively involved with media policy and practice.

Evaluation and Governing in the 21st Century

Disciplinary Measures, Transformative Possibilities

Author: Deirdre Niamh Duffy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137545135

Category: Social Science

Page: 161

View: 665

This book interrogates the role played by evaluation in 21st century governing. Using youth work in the UK as a case study, it challenges the narrative of evidence-based policy-making, arguing instead that evaluation research is used to discipline and control. At the same time, drawing on the work of Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze, this book argues that evaluation can be reclaimed and facilitate transformation. In bringing these theoretically rich discussions to bear on the domain of contemporary evaluation, the author provokes an alternative reading of the relationship between research and governing, emphasising how knowledge production has historically been manipulated by elites towards their own political ends. As the debate around elite’s use of research expands globally, this book is a nuanced interjection into both established evidence-based policy and emergent narratives of ‘post-truth’. Challenging and provocative, this innovative work will appeal to students and scholars of social and public policy, and governance and public management.

Corpus Approaches to Evaluation

Phraseology and Evaluative Language

Author: Susan Hunston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136900446

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 9543

This book applies a set of corpus investigation techniques to the study of evaluation, or stance, or affect, in naturally-occurring discourse. Evaluative language indicates opinions, attitudes, and judgments. It is an important part of activities such as persuading someone that a particular viewpoint is correct, or in constructing knowledge from a different number of theories. This book argues that phraseology--regularities or patterns in language identifiable from corpus studies--is important to the study of evaluative language. It makes a number of more specific arguments: that modal meaning is expressed through particular phrases and not only through modal verbs; that figurative phrases are used to intensify evaluation; and that patterns of use may be exploited to achieve an automatic identification of evaluations. It also builds on the author’s previous work in exploring how films and journalism use language and images to build knowledge from ideas.