Theory and Research in Promoting Public Health

Author: Sarah Earle

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412930710

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 7697

Theory and Research in Promoting Public Health is an important text that addresses these questions, exploring the key concepts, debates, and issues involved in multi-disciplinary public health. The book considers the complex and diverse nature of public health and helps readers critically appraise the theories, research, and policies that inform multidisciplinary public health practice.
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Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care

Author: Roger Gomm,Gill Needham,Anne Bullman,Open University

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761964919

Category: Medical

Page: 333

View: 7470

Practitioners across the caring professions increasingly need to know where evidence can be found and to evaluate different forms of evidence with a critical eye. This invaluable collection includes exemplars of a wide range of research techniques and provides a critical commentary for each. The commentary is designed to tackle jargon and demystify the text, highlighting the compromises that need to be made in real world research designs and the complexity of controlling relevant variables. The book seeks to underline the challenges of interpreting and generalising results both for the researchers and for those who fund their work. This is a set book for the Open University course K302 Critical Practice in Health and So
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The Critical Practitioner in Social Work and Health Care

Author: Sandy Fraser,Sarah Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849202346

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 6268

Critical practice is at the core of all activity undertaken with service users, carers and their communities. Conveying the diverse nature of this work The Critical Practitioner in Social Work and Health Care takes a comprehensive and reflective look at key areas of practice and the challenges professionals face in training and in their working lives. The chapters focus on the skills and values fundamental to the caring role and helps readers understand the importance of being able to adapt to changing demands and expectations. Key features of the book include: " a multiprofessional approach, incorporating examples from health, social work, and social care " an integrated approach to theory and practice " a range of case studies to illustrate key themes and issues " coverage of core topics such as: ethics, management, supervision, teamwork, interprofessional working, practice with service-users, research, policy issues, accountability " strongly supports underpinning knowledge for the National Occupational Standards and subject benchmarks. The book encourages the reader to develop the confidence and analytic skills to achieve best practice across all areas of their work. It will be required reading for all those studying social work, nursing, and allied caring professions. It will also be of great help to practitioners wishing to reflect on and develop their own practice. This Reader includes revised and updated material from Brechin et al's Critical Practice in Health and Social Care also published by SAGE (2000). Sandy Fraser is a Lecturer in Social Work, Faculty of Health and Social Care at The Open University. He co-edited Doing Research with Children and Young People and The Reality of Research with Children and Young People (both 2004) published by SAGE Publications in association with The Open University. Sarah Matthews is a Staff Tutor in The Open University regional office in Manchester. She is also a Mental Health Act Commissioner and runs a training and consultancy business. She worked for 20 years as a qualified social worker, latterly as a senior manager.
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Using Evidence in Health and Social Care

Author: Roger Gomm,Celia Davies,Open University

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 260

View: 7793

This wide-ranging text on research methods in health and social care introduces readers to different kinds of evidence and helps them to evaluate the unique contributions of each. It acknowledges the variety of contexts in which practitioners work and the challenges of putting research into practice. The book introduces readers to research of different kinds - the randomised controlled trial, the survey, qualitative research and action research - and highlights the underlying logic and value of each. It also addresses economic appraisal, and ethical issues in research. The text goes on to consider how there can be a much more active and dynamic interplay between practice and research, and using examples from health and social care shows tha
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Occupational Therapy and Mental Health

Author: Jennifer Creek,Lesley Lougher

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048763

Category: Medical

Page: 620

View: 2927

This book is a comprehensive textbook for occupational therapy students and occupational therapists working in the field of mental health. It presents different theories and approaches, outlines the occupational therapy process, discusses the context of practice and describes a wide range of techniques used by occupational therapists. These include physical activity, cognitive approaches, group work, creative activities, play and life skills. The book covers all areas of practice in the field, including mental health promotion, acute psychiatry, community work, severe and enduring mental illness, working with older people, child and adolescent mental health, forensic occupational therapy, substance misuse and working with people on the margins of society. The theory chapters are written by occupational therapists who are recognised experts in their fields and the applied chapters are written by practitioners. An innovation in this edition is the inclusion of commentaries by service users on some of the chapters. This fourth edition has been extensively revised and updated. The new structure reflects changes in service delivery and includes sections on: philosophy and theory base the occupational therapy process ensuring quality the context of occupational therapy occupations client groups. Important new areas that are covered include mental health promotion, evidence-based practice, community development and continuing professional development. Addresses the needs of the undergraduate course - covers all the student needs for this subject area in one volume. Links between theory and practice are reinforced throughout Written by a team of experienced OT teachers and practitioners Comprehensive - covers theory, skills and applications as well as management The clear structure with the division of chapters into six distinct sections makes it easy to learn and revise from as well as easy to refer to for quick reference in the clinical situation. Provides key reading and reference lists to encourage and facilitate more in-depth study on any aspect. It is written in a style that is easy to read and understand; yet there is enough depth to take students through to their final year of education. Chapters on the application of occupational therapy are written by practising clinicians, so they are up-to-date and realistic. For qualified occupational therapists, the book includes a review of current theories and approaches to practice, with references so that they can follow up topics of particualr interest. Suitable for BSc and BSc (Hons) occupational therapy courses.
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Reforms in Higher Education

Author: Keith Watson,Celia Modgil,Sohan Modgil

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0304328928

Category: Education

Page: 277

View: 2952

This text addresses the reforms in the financial and administrative structure of higher education, government intervention in introducing new managerial techniques and quality audits, and the implications of these changes for both academics and administrators. It is one of a series of four volumes which look at the educational dilemmas facing governments, professional educators and practising administrators in the current climate in education. The issues are addressed from international and comparative perspectives.
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Evaluation in Health Promotion

Principles and Perspectives

Author: I. Rootman

Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe

ISBN: 9789289013598

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 533

View: 5146

This book is the result of the WHO European Working Group on Health Promotion Evaluation, which examined the current range of qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods to provide guidance to policy-makers and practitioners. It includes an extensive compilation and discussion of the theory, methodologies, and practice of evaluating health promotion initiatives in Europe and the Americas. The book shows how a health promotion approach offers a comprehensive framework for planning and implementing interventions that can effectively address today's major health-related problems. The authors describe how good evaluations assist initiatives in achieving their goals, provide a wealth of guidance on how to undertake them, and call for greater investment in the evaluation of health promotion.
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Evaluating Research in Academic Journals

A Practical Guide to Realistic Evaluation

Author: Fred Pyrczak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135197047X

Category: Psychology

Page: 168

View: 7262

• A supplementary guide for students who are learning how to evaluate reports of empirical research published in academic journals. • Your students will learn the practical aspects of evaluating research, not just how to apply a laundry list of technical terms from their textbooks. • Each chapter is organized around evaluation questions. For each question, there is a concise explanation of how to apply it in the evaluation of research reports. • Numerous examples from journals in the social and behavioral sciences illustrate the application of the evaluation questions. Students see actual examples of strong and weak features of published reports. • Commonsense models for evaluation combined with a lack of jargon make it possible for students to start evaluating research articles the first week of class. • The structure of this book enables students to work with confidence while evaluating articles for homework. • Avoids oversimplification in the evaluation process by describing the nuances that may make an article publishable even though it has serious methodological flaws. Students learn when and why certain types of flaws may be tolerated. They learn why evaluation should not be performed mechanically. • This book received very high student evaluations when field-tested with students just beginning their study of research methods. • Contains more than 60 new examples from recently published research. In addition, minor changes have been made throughout for consistency with the latest edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
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Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule:

Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research

Author: Committee on Health Research and the Privacy of Health Information: The HIPAA Privacy Rule,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309124999

Category: Computers

Page: 334

View: 4176

In the realm of health care, privacy protections are needed to preserve patients' dignity and prevent possible harms. Ten years ago, to address these concerns as well as set guidelines for ethical health research, Congress called for a set of federal standards now known as the HIPAA Privacy Rule. In its 2009 report, Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule: Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research, the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Health Research and the Privacy of Health Information concludes that the HIPAA Privacy Rule does not protect privacy as well as it should, and that it impedes important health research.
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Managing in Health and Social Care

Author: Vivien Martin,Julie Charlesworth,Euan Henderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135153558

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 384

View: 737

Managing in Health and Social Care is about developing skills to manage and improve health and social care services. The focus throughout is on the role that a manager can play in ensuring effective delivery of high-quality services. Examples from social care and health settings are used to illustrate techniques for managing people, resources, information, projects and change. This new edition has been extensively revised and updated, and includes many new case studies and examples, as well as a new chapter on motivation. It covers topics such as: interorganisational and interprofessional working leadership responding to the needs of service users the service environment accountability and risk working with a budget standards and quality managing change. The authors explore how managers can make a real and positive difference to the work of organisations providing health and social care. They consider what effectiveness means in managing care services, the values that underpin the services, the roles of leaders and managers in developing high-quality service provision, and the necessary skills and systems to enable service users to contribute to planning and evaluation. Managing in Health and Social Care is a practical textbook for students of management in health and social care, whether at undergraduate or postgraduate level. It includes case studies with textual commentary to reinforce learning, activities, key references and clear explanations of essential management tools and concepts. The first edition of this book was published in association with The Open University for the Managing Education Scheme by Open Learning (MESOL)
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Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders

Author: Department of Speech & Language Therapy Technological Educational Institute Patras Greece Ilias Papathanasiou,Ilias Papathanasiou,Patrick Coppens,Professor Department of Communication Disorders and Sciences Suny Plattsburgh Plattsburgh New York Patrick Coppens,Constantin Potagas

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449682626

Category: HEALTH & FITNESS

Page: 512

View: 7792

Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders covers topics in aphasia, motor speech disorders, and dementia. Organized by symptom rather than syndrome, this text provides a foundation for understanding the disorders and learning how to apply basic theory to clinical practice in the development of rehabilitation objectives. Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders applies a clinical integration of the psychosocial with the neuropsychological approach in adult language rehabilitation. Written by international authorities in the field of aphasia and related communication disorders and based on the ICF framework, this unique text features diverse contribution covering global issues. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.
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Doing Research with Children and Young People

Author: Sandy Fraser

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761943815

Category: Medical

Page: 294

View: 2302

Doing Research with Children and Young People introduces researchers to the key considerations involved in working with children and young people.
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Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology

Integrating Diversity With Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods

Author: Donna M. Mertens

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322602

Category: Education

Page: 536

View: 4773

Focused on increasing the credibility of research and evaluation, the Fourth Edition of Donna M. Mertens’s comprehensive Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods incorporates the viewpoints of various research paradigms into its descriptions of these methods. Providing specific advice on conducting research in culturally complex communities, the new edition has been updated to align with the American Psychological Association and the National Council of Accreditation of Teacher Education accreditation requirements. Approximately sixty percent of the content in the Fourth Edition is new, updated with numerous contemporary examples, making this book one of the most comprehensive, accessible, and practical methods books available. Praise for the previous edition: “The organization of the text reflects the author’s intent, philosophy, and objectives . . . [Mertens] clearly presents approaches, descriptions, and many examples useful in conducting studies; she is to be commended for the thoroughness of her work.” —Frank D. Adams, Wayne State College “Excellent descriptions, definitions, examples, and narrative about social science theory and the various paradigms. Mertens’ use [of] a wide variety of social identities to provide her examples makes the text inclusive of a variety of diverse identities. It is also useful to see the differences between [research and evaluation] and to select methods appropriate to the intention of the inquiry.” —Katrina L. Rodriguez, University of Northern Colorado
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Research Methods in Health Promotion

Author: Laura F. Salazar,Richard A. Crosby,Ralph J. DiClemente

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118448421

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 7405

The bestselling textbook to understanding health research, updated and expanded Research Methods in Health Promotion provides students and practitioners with essential knowledge and skills regarding the design, implementation, analysis, and interpretation of research in the field of health promotion. Now in its second edition, this bestselling textbook has been updated with more recent research methodologies and additional information on sampling, participatory and survey research, and qualitative data analysis. The entire research process is covered, with specific points relating to both qualitative and quantitative research. By breaking the daunting process of research into simple and well-defined steps, this user-friendly text encourages students to think about research as a sequential process and provides explanations that facilitate better understanding of each step in the research process. A separate set of chapters cover the more quantitative methodological areas including designs, measurement, sampling, and data analysis in depth, giving readers the understanding they need to apply in practice. This book also provides applied chapters that illustrate the practical aspects of the research process, along with other critical information including grant writing and scientific writing. Evaluate the ethics, design, analysis, and interpretation of research Identify and understand the key components of research studies Analyze and interpret the results of experimental and survey research designs Understand the process of publishing a research report and constructing a grant proposal Research Methods in Health Promotion is ideal for both undergrad and graduate methods courses in health promotion and public health.
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Understanding Social Enterprise

Theory and Practice

Author: Rory Ridley-Duff,Mike Bull

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446246559

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 9493

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here The emergence of social enterprises over the past 25 years has been an exciting and significant development in the economy at a local, national and international level. How should we understand the growing popularity of social enterprise? Are alternative business models even more relevant in an uncertain business climate? How does Social Enterprise fit into the wider social context? In 12 comprehensive chapters the authors discuss and illustrate both theoretical and practical considerations for the field. The book: - Focuses on different and distinct approaches to Social Enterprise and social economy - Contains comprehensive coverage of employee-owned, cooperative, community and charitable enterprises - Looks at private, voluntary and public sector differences. - Examines managerial issues for social enterprises: strategic thinking, leadership, HRM, governance and globalisation. - Draws on international debates and examples. - Includes extensive learning features such as: summaries, international case studies, reflection boxes, further reading and links to online information about social enterprise projects. - Is accompanied by a companion website with a full instructors’ manual, including PowerPoint slides and extra case studies for lecturers, and access to full-text journal articles for students. Visit the companion website at www.sagepub.co.uk/ridleyduff
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Crossing the Quality Chasm:

A New Health System for the 21st Century

Author: Committee on Quality of Health Care in America,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309072808

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 3398

Second in a series of publications from the Institute of Medicine's Quality of Health Care in America project Today's health care providers have more research findings and more technology available to them than ever before. Yet recent reports have raised serious doubts about the quality of health care in America. Crossing the Quality Chasm makes an urgent call for fundamental change to close the quality gap. This book recommends a sweeping redesign of the American health care system and provides overarching principles for specific direction for policymakers, health care leaders, clinicians, regulators, purchasers, and others. In this comprehensive volume the committee offers: A set of performance expectations for the 21st century health care system. A set of 10 new rules to guide patient-clinician relationships. A suggested organizing framework to better align the incentives inherent in payment and accountability with improvements in quality. Key steps to promote evidence-based practice and strengthen clinical information systems. Analyzing health care organizations as complex systems, Crossing the Quality Chasm also documents the causes of the quality gap, identifies current practices that impede quality care, and explores how systems approaches can be used to implement change.
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The SAGE Handbook of Mental Health and Illness

Author: David Pilgrim,Bernice Pescosolido,Anne Rogers

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1847873820

Category: Medical

Page: 547

View: 3299

This title integrates the conceptual, empirical and evidence-based threads of mental health as an area of study, research and practice. It approaches mental health from two perspectives - firstly as a positive state of well-being and secondly as psychological difference or abnormality in its social context.
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Public Health

Social Context and Action

Author: Scriven, Angela,Garman, Sebastian

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335221505

Category: Medical

Page: 234

View: 5188

This important book makes a significant contribution to the emergent body of public health knowledge by examining debates around the social context of health, including key socio-economic, environmental and cultural factors
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An Introduction to Childhood Studies

Author: Mary Jane Kehily

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335236804

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 5934

"This thoughtful book provides expert overviews of historical, sociological, psychological, cultural, legal and rights-informed approaches to childhood. Through these well written, readable chapters, students will be engaged with important debates in childhood studies, and led towards many ideas and problems for further investigation. This second edition includes new chapters arguing strongly for interdisciplinarity and for measured responses to the current 'crisis' in UK childhoods." Berry Mayall, Institute of Education, University of London, UK An Introduction to Childhood Studies offers a wide-ranging and thought-provoking approach to the study of childhood, providing an important contribution to this burgeoning area of research and teaching. It brings together key themes in the area of Childhood Studies, providing a comprehensive and accessible introduction for students and practitioners, helping to answer questions such as: What is childhood and how can it be studied and understood? How is the idea of childhood shaped by the society we live in? The contributors - who are leading figures in their fields - examine childhood from historical, socio-cultural and policy perspectives. They explore aspects such as the construction of childhood, children's literature, childhood in the digital age and children's rights. Revised and updated throughout, the new edition includes: An expanded introductory chapter - Childhood Studies: past, present, future A new chapter on children's rights and educational provision A new concluding chapter - The future of childhood Revised and updated chapters Further reading suggestions for each chapter An Introduction to Childhood Studies is a key text for students on courses in childhood studies, child psychology, social policy and the sociology of youth and childhood.
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Research Methods in Palliative Care

Author: Julia M Addington-Hall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198530250

Category: Medical

Page: 315

View: 2824

Palliative and end of life care are concerned with the physical, social, psychological and spiritual care of people with advanced disease. It currently has a poorly developed research base, but the need to improve this is increasingly recognised. One of the reasons for the lack of research - and the variable quality of the research that is undertaken - is the difficulty of conducting research with very ill and bereaved people. Standard and well-established research methods mayneed to be adapted to work in this context. This means that existing research methods textbooks may be of limited use to palliative care practitioners seeking to do research for the first time, or to more experienced researchers wanting to apply their knowledge in palliative care settings.This research methods textbook is the first to be written specifically for palliative care. It has been edited by four experienced palliative care academics with acknowledged expertise and international reputations in this field. It encompasses methods used in both clinical and health services research in palliative care, with sections on clinical, epidemiological, survey and qualitative research, as well as a section covering skills needed in any research project. Each chapter providesreaders with an up to date overview of the research method in question, an understanding of its applicability to palliative care and of the particular challenges of using it in this setting. It is essential reading for all palliative care researchers.
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