Anti-discrimination Law and the European Union

Author: Mark Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199244502

Category: Law

Page: 269

View: 1139

This book provides a timely and topical overview of recent developments in EU anti-discrimination law. Examining in particular discrimination on the grounds of race and sexual orientation, it provides an account of the debate within the institutions and Member States, analysis of relevant case law from the Court of Justice, and coverage of the anti-discrimination directives adopted in 2001.
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European Union Non-Discrimination Law and Intersectionality

Investigating the Triangle of Racial, Gender and Disability Discrimination

Author: Anna Lawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317139208

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 3774

This book contributes to a critical reflection of current legislative and jurisprudential developments in Non-Discrimination Law, focusing on the European Union. The book is focused on intersectionality between gender, race and disability and the question of whether, and to what extent, this intersection can be adequately addressed in (EU) law. The discussion rests on two basic assumptions. First, the multiplication of 'discrimination grounds' in EU law and other legal regimes should not result in a dilution of the demands of equality law. Accordingly, the book focuses on the three key grounds - race, gender and disability. These constitute nodes around which other discrimination grounds can be grouped. Second, any multi-ground non-discrimination law framework needs to engage with the question of discrimination on several grounds. This book provides a critical evaluation of some of the problems presented by such intersectionality and an opportunity to explore the issues in depth. This collection offers some new proposals relating to the regrouping of identity categories and to the general approach to socio-legal research in the field. It also contains a comparative section, which expands on practical experiences with intersectionality and law, and a section dedicated to juridical responses to intersectionality. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers, academics and those working in the area of EU non-discrimination law and policy.
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European Union Non-Discrimination Law

Comparative Perspectives on Multidimensional Equality Law

Author: Dagmar Schiek,Victoria Chege

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134049323

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 6559

EU equality law is multidimensional in being based on different rationales and concepts. Consequently, the concept of discrimination has become fragmented, with different instruments envisaging different scopes of protection. This raises questions as to the ability of EU law to address the situation of persons excluded on a number of grounds. This edited collection addresses the increasing complexity of European Equality Law from jurisprudential, sociological and political science perspectives. Internationally renowned researchers from Scandinavian, Continental and Central European countries and Britain analyse consequences of multiplying discrimination grounds within EU equality law, considering its multidimensionality and intersectionality. The contributors to the volume theorise the move from formal to substantive equality law and its interrelation to new forms of governance, demonstrating the specific combination of non-discrimination law with welfare state models which reveal the global implications of the European Union. The book will be of interest to academics and policy makers all over the world, in particular to those researching and studying law, political sciences and sociology with an interest in human rights, non discrimination law, contract and employment law or European studies.
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EU Anti-Discrimination Law

Author: Evelyn Ellis,Philippa Watson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191649473

Category: Law

Page: 576

View: 1254

EU Anti-Discrimination Law provides a detailed and critical analysis of the corpus of European Union law prohibiting discrimination on the grounds of sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age, and sexual orientation. It takes into account the changes brought about by the Treaty of Lisbon and contains a thorough examination of the relevant case law of the Court of Justice of the EU. The book examines the background to the legislation and explains the essential characteristics and doctrines of EU law and their relevancy to the topic of anti-discrimination. It also analyses the increasingly significant general principles of EU law, the Charter of Fundamental Rights, and the relevant law flowing from the European Convention on Human Rights. The key concepts contained in anti-discrimination law are subjected to close scrutiny. The substantive provisions of the law on equal pay and the workplace and non-workplace provisions of the governing Directives are similarly examined, as are the numerous exceptions permitted to them. The complex rules governing the rights of pregnant women and those who have recently given birth are dealt with comprehensively and in a separate chapter. Equality in social security schemes is also discussed. The book concludes with an assessment of the practical utility of the existing law and the current proposals for its reform.
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European Non-discrimination Law

A Comparison of EU Law and the ECHR in the Field of Non-discrimination and Freedom of Religion in Public Employment with an Emphasis on the Islamic Headscarf Issue

Author: Sarah Haverkort-Speekenbrink

Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V

ISBN: 9781780681269

Category: Law

Page: 377

View: 2112

In Europe, contemporary multicultural issues raise the question as to whether the overlap between the non-discrimination regimes of the European Union and the Council of Europe in the field of public employment may lead to conflicting case law. Would the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) address potential sex, race, and religious discrimination in a similar manner or would these courts take a different approach? This study consists of three parts. First, an analysis is presented of the EU non-discrimination Directives 2006/54, 2000/43, and 2000/78, and the ECJ's assessment in cases of alleged sex, race, and religious discrimination in the public workplace. This is followed by an examination of the non-discrimination provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the right to freedom of religion. Further, the ECtHR's assessment in cases involving potential discrimination in the public workplace based on sex, race, and religion are examined. In the final section, a comparison is made between the provisions and the assessment of the ECJ and the ECtHR. Besides a look at European legislation, case law, and academic literature, this research also uses a legal case study to explore the similarities and differences between the non-discrimination regimes. Accordingly, the theory is again discussed, but now in light of a much debated issue in Europe: the wearing of the Islamic headscarf in public employment. The result of the study is a detailed explanation of the relevant similarities and differences between the approaches of the two courts to claims of discrimination. (Series: School of Human Rights Research - Vol. 59)
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Geschlechtergerechtigkeit

Festschrift für Heide Pfarr

Author: Christine Hohmann-Dennhardt,Marita Körner,Reingard Zimmer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832958541

Category: Sex discrimination against women

Page: 545

View: 4938

Die Festschrift für Heide Pfarr unterscheidet sich von vielen anderen durch die Konzentration auf eines der zentralen Forschungsfelder der Jubilarin: Geschlechtergerechtigkeit, insbesondere im Arbeitsleben. Alle Beiträge der 40 Autorinnen und Autoren sind diesem Leitthema verpflichtet. Unter sieben verschiedenen Gesichtspunkten, nähern sich JuristInnen, aber auch SoziologInnen, PolitologInnen und ÖkonomInnen der Problematik: Neben historischen Vorbildern geht es u.a. um Geschlechtergerechtigkeit auf dem Arbeitsmarkt (9 Beiträge), Antidiskriminierung und Gleichstellung (11 Beiträge) und die Vereinbarkeit von Beruf und Familie (7 Beiträge). Das Werk umfasst einerseits Debatten, die bereits seit geraumer Zeit geführt werden, wie bspw. Gleichstellung der Geschlechter in der Privatwirtschaft oder Entgeltgleichheit, thematisiert wird jedoch auch die Notwendigkeit einer stärkeren Repräsentation von Frauen in Aufsichtsräten, geringfügige Beschäftigung von Frauen als prekäre Arbeitsform oder der Einfluss des Steuerrechts auf die Berufstätigkeit von Müttern. Der Blick über die Landesgrenzen (5 Beiträge) verdeutlicht die europäische und internationale Relevanz des Themas. Insgesamt bietet die Festschrift einen eindrucksvollen Überblick über die derzeitige Diskussion zum Thema Geschlechtergerechtigkeit.
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The principle of non-discrimination in international and European tax law

Author: Niels Bammens

Publisher: IBFD

ISBN: 9087221592

Category: Conflict of laws

Page: 1130

View: 9730

"The principle of non-discrimination plays a vital role in international and European tax law. This dissertation analyses the interpretation given to that principle in tax treaty practice and in the direct tax case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) on the fundamental freedoms. The objective of this analysis is twofold: to give a clear and thorough overview of both standards and to determine whether they share a common, underlying principle of non-discrimination. In order to achieve these objectives, a comprehensive selection of case law is discussed from the perspective of the two constitutive elements of discrimination, comparability and the existence of different treatment. Moreover, attention is drawn to the question whether a domestic measure that is found to be discriminatory may nevertheless be justified on the basis of reasons of public interest. Finally, the possible interplay between both standards is addressed. First, the partial overlap of the two non-discrimination rules may cause frictions. Complex triangular situations are possible, with conflicting rules giving rise to interpretation problems. A second issue discussed in this context is whether national courts of EU Member States are influenced by ECJ case law on the fundamental freedoms when interpreting the non-discrimination provision in tax treaties. Given the deficiencies of that provision, courts may be tempted to draw inspiration from the European standard. The relevant case law is discussed in order to determine whether there is indeed such an influence, and whether such an influence is appropriate."--Extracted from publisher website on May 20, 2015.
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Institutionalizing Intersectionality

The Changing Nature of European Equality Regimes

Author: A. Krizsan,H. Skjeie,J. Squires

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137031069

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 7936

An exploration of the ways that multiple inequalities are being addressed in Europe. Using country-based and region-specific case studies it provides an innovative comparative analysis of the multidimensional equality regimes that are emerging in Europe, and reveals the potential that these have for institutionalizing intersectionality.
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Regulating the International Movement of Women

From Protection to Control

Author: Sharron Fitzgerald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136735771

Category: Law

Page: 197

View: 7855

First Published in 2013. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Fighting Discrimination in Europe

The Case for a Race-Conscious Approach

Author: Mathias Möschel,Costanza Hermanin,Michele Grigolo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113574940X

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 1898

The member states of the EU have only very recently begun to consider race and racism in the framework of equality legislation and policies. As opposed to an established Anglo-Saxon tradition of naming races and using racial categorisation to fight racism, most continental European countries resist this approach. This book investigates the problematic reception and elaboration of race as a socio-legal category in Europe. Fighting Discrimination in Europe takes a fresh and interdisciplinary look at the normative, theoretical and concrete problems raised by the challenge of devising and enforcing policies to combat race discrimination in Europe. It engages with the juridical and political spheres, from the international level down to concrete cases of state and city policies. As the multifaceted relationship between race, discrimination and immigration is explored, new normative positions and practical approaches are developed, and new questions raised. This collection presents important new research for academics, researchers, and advanced students of Ethnic Studies, Migration Studies, Legal Studies, Sociology, Anthropology, and Policy Studies. This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.
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Negotiating Gender and Diversity in an Emergent European Public Sphere

Author: B. Siim,M. Mokre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113729129X

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 6453

The book analyses intersections between gender and diversity through cross-national studies of European public spheres. The approach confronts research on European democracy and the public sphere with gender and diversity research and reflections about European equality and diversity issues are based on new research from a large-scale EU project.
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Cases, Materials and Text on National, Supranational and International Non-Discrimination Law

Ius Commune Casebooks for the Common Law of Europe

Author: Dagmar Schiek,Lisa Waddington,Mark Bell

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316972

Category: Law

Page: 1118

View: 4698

This casebook, the result of the collaborative efforts of a panel of experts from various EU Member States, is the latest in the Ius Commune Casebook series developed at the Universities of Maastricht and Leuven. The book provides a comprehensive and skilfully designed resource for students, practitioners, researchers, public officials, NGOs, consumer organisations and the judiciary. In common with earlier books in the series, this casebook presents cases and other materials (legislative materials, international and European materials, excerpts from books or articles). As non-discrimination law is a comparatively new subject, the chapters search for and develop the concepts of discrimination law on the basis of a wide variety of young and often still emerging case law and legislation. The result is a comprehensive textbook with materials from a wide variety of EU Member States. The book is entirely in English (i.e. materials are translated where not available in English). At the end of each chapter a comparative overview ties the material together, with emphasis, where appropriate, on existing or emerging general principles in the legal systems within Europe. The book illustrates the distinct relationship between international, European and national legislation in the field of non-discrimination law. It covers the grounds of discrimination addressed in the Racial Equality and Employment Equality Directives, as well as non-discrimination law relating to gender. In so doing, it covers the law of a large number of EU Member States, alongside some international comparisons. The Ius Commune Casebook on Non-Discrimination Law - provides practitioners with ready access to primary and secondary legal material needed to assist them in crafting test case strategies. - provides the judiciary with the tools needed to respond sensitively to such cases. - provides material for teaching non-discrimination law to law and other students. - provides a basis for ongoing research on non-discrimination law. - provides an up-to-date overview of the implementation of the Directives and of the state of the law. This Casebook is the result of a project which has been supported by a grant from the European Commission's Anti-Discrimination Programme. See the detailed website for this book: www.casebooks.eu/nonDiscrimination/.
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Racism and Equality in the European Union

Author: Mark Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199297843

Category: Law

Page: 227

View: 6289

Mark Bell explores the effect of anti-racism policies in topical areas of EU law and policy including employment, social inclusion, immigration, and the criminal law.
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Die Homosexualität des Mannes und des Weibes

Author: Magnus Hirschfeld

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311086780X

Category: Medical

Page: 1114

View: 3103

Magnus Hirschfeld war nicht nur, gemeinsam mit drei anderen Berliner Ärzten- Ivan Bloch, Albert Moll und Max Marcuse - der Begründer einer deutschen, seinerzeit auch international unerreichten Sexualwissenschaft. Er war darüber hinaus Jude und homosexuell veranlagt. Dies alles hat ihn zu einem der ersten prominenten Opfer der Nationalsozialisten werden lassen. Bereits 1930 mußte er in seinem Berliner Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, das er 1919 gegründet hatte, um seine Existenz und sein Leben fürchten. Der drohenden Ermordung entging er nur zufällig, weil er sich bei der Zerstörung des Instituts durch den SA-Mob auf einer Vortragsreise befand. Damit ging ein ruhmreiches Kapitel der deutschen Kulturwissenschaften dramatisch zu Ende. Es sollte bis in die jüngste Zeit dauern, daß man sich der Bedeutung Hirschfelds in ihrer ganzen Tragweite bewußt wurde. Sein erstes großes Hauptwerk verfolgt das Thema Homosexualität in all seinen Facetten. Zugrunde lagen Hirschfelds Ausführungen zahllose Fallstudien und Untersuchungen, die er nach standardisierten Mustern vornahm. In dem umfangreichen Band versuchte er, das Thema in seiner ganze Breite zu erfassen. Auch wenn die biologischen Ausführungen Hirschfelds heutzutage als veraltet gelten, so sind doch seine Analysen immer noch ausgesprochen lesenswert und berühren in ihrer Detailversessenheit- etwa, wenn Hirschfeld den Tascheninhalt des homosexuellen Mannes beschreibt oder die Eigenarten des Schwulenlebens in den südlichen Ländern, die Wohnungseinrichtung und Berufswahl der typischen lesbischen Frau etc. Mit diesen Beschreibungen ging allerdings auch eine Gefahr einher: Hirschfeld lieferte ungewollt den Nationalsozialisten gewissermaßen die Checklisten, mit denen sie dann, verstärkt nach dem Röhm-Putsch von 1934, die Verfolgung der homosexuellen Männer intensivieren konnten.
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Integration for Third Country Nationals in the European Union

The Equality Challenge

Author: Sonia Morano-Foadi,Micaela Malena

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936824

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 6359

This highly original book provides an innovative analysis of EU migration and asylum law and its interplay with equality issues in order to assess the current integration framework for third-country nationals and to explore future scenarios in the European Context. Integration for Third-Country Nationals in the European Union focuses on the nexus between non-discrimination based on nationality and race, and the equality clauses covering different categories of regularly residing third-country nationals within EU law. It highlights the extent to which social rights that have been formally promised to non-EU citizens are enjoyed in practice. The contributing authors Ð who are both academics and practitioners Ð also consider the link between secure residence and equal treatment, highlighting on the implementation of EU Policies in aselection of Member States. Using socio-legal and comparative methods, this study provides an overview of the models of integration and social cohesion shaped by European and national actors in order to profile the present fragmented structure of European society and to discuss future possibilities. Academics, practitioners, and students interested in EU law and migration studies will find this enriching book invaluable.
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