European Populations

Unity in Diversity

Author: Van der Kaa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940109022X

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 9331

The changing demographic landscape which Europe is facing today and in the next decades reflects the past. These changes constitute important challenges to European populations and societies. Shifts in fertility and family formation, in health, morbidity and mortality, in internal and international migration as well as changes in age structures, in households, in labour forces, and in population growth and decline, will influence the living conditions and well-being of Europe's population directly or indirectly. The demographic challenge also concerns the environment, local, regional and national developments, education, production and consumption patterns, economic competitiveness, social security, housing, employment and transport, and health and social care provisions. These issues, their mechanisms, determinants and consequences also challenge the scientific study of population. As a major forum and 'market place' for scientific demographic debate, the 1999 European Population Conference (EPC99) was organized to take up this challenge. On the threshold of the third millennium, European populations are united in diversity and face major demographic issues.

European Population: Country analysis

Author: Jean-Louis Rallu,Alain Blum,Institut national d'études démographiques (France)

Publisher: John Libbey Eurotext

ISBN: 9780861963362

Category: Europe

Page: 450

View: 9858

European demographers have written about their countries' populations from the beginning of demographic transition in the XVIIIth-XIXth century to the present day. An history of the population of 25 European countries is presented. In addition to the transition from an ancient to a modern demographic system, this book deals with emigration during the XIXth and the beginning of the XXth century with the impact of wars, the depression during the 1930s, baby boom and marriage recent birth rate decrease in Western Europe. The development of Europe as the immigration paradise is widely treated including the most recent trends in this field.

The Central and East European Population since 1850

Author: F. Rothenbacher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137273909

Category: History

Page: 1511

View: 910

This is the third volume of three on demographics. All major fields of demographic change are covered. Population figures are given for each population census by sex, civil status and age. Major demographic developments within the family are described providing a commentary on the main population structures and trends.

Action Plan for the Conservation of the Brown Bear in Europe (Ursus Arctos)

Author: Jon E. Swenson

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287144263

Category: Bears

Page: 69

View: 1789

The action plan for the conservation of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in Europe was prepared for the Large Carnivore Initiative in Europe, a voluntary organisation supported by the World Wide Fund for Nature. The plan was discussed and endorsed in the framework of the Council of Europe's Wildlife Convention (Bern Convention). It contains valuable information on the status of the species and useful recommendations and guidelines for its conservation and management

The History of Human Populations: Forms of growth and decline

Author: P. M. G. Harris

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275971311

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 505

From classic demographic theory to the best contemporary thinking, this book will fruitfully replace previous ways of looking at population expansion and contraction. The 50 years of scholarship that covers 2 1/2 millennia, peoples in all parts of the world, and aggregates from hamlets to the global level, this volume shows that populations grow or decline according to six related patterns. Looking at the path taken by unrestricted population growth, the effects of limited resources, demographic disaster, population explosion, and the implications of stable population theory and demographic transition for numerical trends, Harris reinterprets and insightfully interconnects all of these via six related growth curves, opening the way for a better understanding of how populations expand through changes in births, deaths, and migrations and how they interact with their economic, social, and physical environments. All six trend types, the book shows, are shaped by forces internal to the dynamics of populations themselves. Most frequently, they increase in a constantly proportionally slowing curve as a specific stimulus is spent through expansion. With shocks like war or epidemics, they contract according to an upside down version of this curve. The only two curves until recent times, these are still the most common in local populations. With modern economic and social change, some populations--mostly larger ones--follow one of four newer growth patterns, either increasing at a steady rate, growing in a gradually slowing pattern between this constancy and the rapidly decelerating basic growth curve, exploding in an accelerating fashion, or in a few ominous cases, decreasing in an accelerating decline. Where these curves occur depends on the distinctive ways populations interact with economic changes. Harris's findings have profound implications for understanding economic and social change. These implications will be discussed in the following volume.

The Economically Active Population in Europe

Author: Rossella Palomba,Irena Kotowska,Irena E. Kotowska

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9287151830

Category: Political Science

Page: 126

View: 4827

This publication examines two aspects of the working population in Europe: older workers in the labour market and retirement policies throughout Europe; and the need to reconcile working life, family life and gender aspects of the balance between paid employment and unpaid work taking care of the family.

The Demographic Characteristics of Immigrant Populations

Author: Werner Haug,Paul Compton,Youssef Courbage

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9287149747

Category: Europe

Page: 598

View: 9924

This publication presents a series of studies conducted by the European Population Committee between 1998 and 2001 together with specialised research institutes in eight European countries: Belgium, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway, Portugal and Estonia. These focus on groups that are well established in several countries to enable comparison. The studies describe the origin of migrants, inflows and outflows of immigrant populations, fertility, family formation, intermarriage, mortality and the spatial distribution in the countries of settlement. They also include a co-ordinated modelling exercise to estimate the demographic impact of immigration on receiving populations since the Second World War.

Europe's Population In The Interwar Years

Author: D. Kirk

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780677015606

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 6033

First Published in 1969. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Europe: One Continent, Different Worlds

Population Scenarios for the 21st Century

Author: De Beer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401147442

Category: Political Science

Page: 189

View: 6039

On the threshold of a new century the organisers of the European Population Conference 1999 (EPC99) in The Hague decided not only to highlight the population trends that Europe is facing today but also the changes in the 21 st century that are set to shape the future of Europe. They decided to focus on comparative issues, both in time and in space. In order to trace the degree of homogeneity and heterogeneity of European populations over time, converging and diverging population trends that are specific to contemporary and future Europe need to be explored. This is reflected in EPC99's motto: 'European Populations on the threshold of the new millennium; unity in diversity. ' Future demographic developments will be caused by specific economic, social and cultural conditions in Europe, and will, in turn, have a major influence on future economic and social conditions. To the extent that demographic trends differ across countries, separate countries may face different social and economic problems. As demographic trends tend to have long-lasting effects, it is important to assess the possible consequences of future demographic developments at an early stage. On the occasion of EPC99 , two of the organisers, Statistics Netherlands (SN) and the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI), decided to produce a set of two population scenarios, showing the possible impact of converging and diverging population trends in the next century.

Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations

Author: Piers D. Mitchell

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472449096

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 5563

Sanitation and intestinal health is something we often take for granted today. However, people living in many regions of the developing world still suffer with debilitating diseases due to the lack of sanitation. Despite its clear impact upon health in modern times, sanitation in past populations is a topic that has received surprisingly little attention. This book brings together key experts from around the world to explore fascinating aspects of life in the past relevant to sanitation, and how that affected our ancestors. By its end readers will realize that toilets were in use in ancient Mesopotamia even before the invention of writing, and that flushing toilets with anatomic seats were a technology of ancient Greece at the time of the minotaur myth. They will see how sanitation compared in ancient Rome and medieval London, and will take a virtual walk around the sanitation of York at the time of the Vikings. Readers will also understand which intestinal parasites infected humans in different regions of the world over different time periods, what these parasites tell us about early human evolution, later population migrations, past diet, lifestyle, and the effects of sanitation technology. There is good evidence that over the millennia people in the past realized that sanitation mattered. They invented toilets, cleaner water supplies, drains, waste disposal and sanitation legislation. While past views on sanitation were very different to those of today, it is clear than many past societies took sanitation much more seriously than was previously thought.

International Migration and the Future of Populations and Labour in Europe

Author: Marek Kupiszewski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048189489

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 9598

The changes of populations are determined by fertility, mortality and migration. On the national level, international migration is a factor of increasing demographic, economic, social and political importance. This book addresses the debate on the impact of international migration and economic activity on population and labour force resources in future. It presents a study conducted for 27 European countries, looking 50 years ahead (2002-2052). An extended discussion of theories and factors underlying the assumed evolution of the components of change and economic activity is included as well as a detailed analysis of the historical trends. These theoretical and empirical considerations lead to defining scenarios of future mortality, fertility, economic activity and international migration, which have been fed into a projection model, producing various future population dynamics and labour force trajectories. In addition, simulations have been made to estimate the size of replacement migration needed to maintain selected demographic and labour market parameters in the countries of Europe. The results presented in this book allow researchers, governments and policy makers to evaluate to what extent various migration and labour market policies may be instrumental in achieving the desired population and labour size and structures. The secondary purpose of this volume is to reveal the methodology and argumentation lying behind a complex population forecasting and simulation exercise, which is not done frequently, but is critical for the assessment of the forecasts and also valuable from a purely didactic point of view.

Population Growth and Agrarian Change

An Historical Perspective

Author: D. B. Grigg

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521296359

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 4252

This book, first published in 1980, suggests some ways of looking at the interrelationships between population growth and agrarian change, and uses these approaches to consider the demographic and agrarian problems of various parts of Europe in the past - in the fourteenth century, the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, and in the early nineteenth century.

European Capitalist Welfare Societies

The Challenge of Sustainability

Author: Patricia Frericks,Robert Maier

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230296904

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 9859

This book offers an analysis of European capitalist welfare societies, centering on the questions of sustainability and the financing of social rights. Capitalism is defined as a multi-model economy, comprising of a market economy (including production, distribution and exchange), a state welfare economy (based on compulsory transfers, such as taxes and social contributions), a household economy and a voluntary economy. The resources for the welfare economy are produced by some activities of the life course, and used by other activities, once rights over these resources are acquired. Setting out a new conceptual framework that integrates an adapted version of the theory of instituted economic processes with the changing structuration of the life course in European countries, the book argues that European capitalist welfare societies are not sustainable in their present form and that the future financing of social rights is conditional on substantial transformations. The book also analyzes relevant data on the socio-economic positioning of women and migrants.