European Multiculturalisms: Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges

Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748644539

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 3112

Proposes a common European intellectual framework to evaluate recent developments in European multiculturalism. The heightened security awareness in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and the London and Madrid bombings has resulted in a 'crisis of multiculturalism'. Now is the time to look at the renewed challenges that multiculturalism faces today.Each chapter in this interdisciplinary book reviews the actual state of affairs in several countries in relation to the theories behind immigrant minority claims. With a special focus on Muslim immigrants, the contributors look at the value issues entrenched in multiculturalism and the policy challenges and measures adopted to address them.
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European Multiculturalisms

Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,Tariq Modood,Nasar Meer

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748644520

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 7802

This book explores the issue of migrants, Muslims, integration and citizenship in Europe.
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Challenging Multiculturalism: European Models of Diversity

European Models of Diversity

Author: Raymond Taras

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748664599

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 8082

Tackles the challenge of dismantling the multicultural model without destroying diversity in European society* Have Europeans become hostile to multiculturalism? * When people vote for anti-immigration parties, do they also support their anti-multiculturalism policies? * And are right-wing extremists becoming the storm troopers of the struggle against diversity?In recent years, European political leaders from Angela Merkel to David Cameron have discarded the term 'multiculturalism' and now express scepticism, criticism and even hostility towards multicultural ways of organising their societies. Yet they are unprepared to reverse the diversity existing in their states. These contradictory choices have different political consequences in the countries examined in this book. The future of European liberalism is being played out as multicultural notions of belonging, inclusion, tolerance and the national home are brought into question.
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Debating Multiculturalism in the Nordic Welfare States

Author: P. Kivisto,Ö. Wahlbeck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137318457

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 3948

This collection addresses the ways that Nordic countries have approached the issue of bringing ethnic minorities into the societal mainstream. With multicultural incorporation as an option, the authors explore the potential impact of the politics of identity in societies with social democratic welfare states committed to redistributive politics.
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Multiculturalism

Author: Tariq Modood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745669646

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9809

At a time when many public commentators are turning against multiculturalism in response to fears about militant Islam, immigration or social cohesion, Tariq Modood, one of the world's leading authorities on multiculturalism, provides a distinctive contribution to these debates. He contends that the rise of Islamic terrorism has neither discredited multiculturalism nor heralded a clash of civilizations. Instead, it has highlighted a central challenge for the 21st century - the urgent need to include Muslims in contemporary conceptions of democratic citizenship. In the second edition of this popular and compelling book, Modood updates his original argument with two new chapters. He reassesses the relationship between multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism and assimilation, demonstrating that multiculturalism is crucial for successful integration. He also argues that while multiculturalism poses a significant challenge to existing forms of secularism, this challenge should not be exaggerated into a crisis. In so doing, Modood adds new vigor to the claim that multiculturalism remains a living force which is shaping our polities, even as its death is repeatedly announced. This book will appeal to students, researchers and teachers of politics, sociology and public policy, as well as to anyone interested in the prospects of multiculturalism today.
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European Multiplicity

Author: Chris Rumford,Didem Buhari-Gulmez

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144386319X

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

View: 869

European Multiplicity does not conform to the expectations of a narrow EU studies agenda wherein European integration is seen as the destiny for the continent, each country (including non-members) being compelled to seek a place in an unfolding order “united in diversity”. Rather, the book demonstrates the benefits of an agenda shift, away from an overriding concern with integration towards a consideration of the possibility that a singular ‘Europe’ may not exist and that the multiplicity of Europe is all around us. As the chapters in this volume highlight, multiplicity reveals itself across the range of EU studies as a key dimension in Europe’s transformation. Multiplicity is evident both in cases where official EU policy exists (labour migration, citizenship, regional policy) and in areas which are central to European life more generally (multiculturalism, multilingualism, the public sphere, Euroscepticism). The idea of “European multiplicity” also challenges the established notion that plurality can be accounted for in terms of identity politics. Moreover, it confronts the tendency to see Europe in terms of binaries, such as East/West, old/new, North/South, core/periphery, Christian/Muslim, EU members/non-members, and top-down/bottom-up. A core feature of this book is the establishment of the viability of an approach to studying Europe which does not rely on the binaries upon which thinking about identity is all-too-often based. “Many Europes” is one of the growing issues in EU scholarship, no longer confined to the margins of European Studies. The book makes a compelling case for the idea that Europe is best understood in terms of its inherent multiplicity.
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Governance of Diversity

Zum Umgang mit kultureller und religiöser Pluralität in säkularen Gesellschaften

Author: Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359350801X

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 497

Moderne Gesellschaften sind durch einen hohen Grad kultureller und religiöser Pluralität gekennzeichnet. Globalisierung und transnationale Migration steigern diese Vielfalt noch. Man kann daher heute den Umgang mit kulturellen und religiösen Minderheiten als das zentrale Governance-Problem säkularer Gesellschaften bezeichnen. Dieses Buch zeigt auf, welche Strategien für einen säkularen Verfassungsstaat dafür in Betracht kommen und welche Teile der Religionsverfassung einer pluralistischen Gesellschaft unverzichtbar sind.
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The Problem of Religious Diversity

European Challenges, Asian Approaches

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781474419093

Category:

Page: 336

View: 5061

Could lessons from Asia, Oceania and the Middle East help Europe overcome the challenge of religious diversity? Religious diversity is one of the toughest challenges that today's European societies face in their search for identity, equality and cohesion in an increasingly globalised world. This book engages critically with the different models and approaches for managing religion adopted in Europe, Asia and Oceania in order to seek answers to this pressing normative, conceptual and policy issue.
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New Multicultural Identities in Europe

Religion and Ethnicity in Secular Societies

Author: Erkan Toğuşlu,Johan Leman,İsmail Mesut Sezgin

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9058679810

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 2976

Multiculturalism in present-day Europe How to understand Europe’s post-migrant Islam on the one hand and indigenous, anti-Islamic movements on the other? What impact will religion have on the European secular world and its regulation? How do social and economic transitions on a transnational scale challenge ethnic and religious identifications? These questions are at the very heart of the debate on multiculturalism in present-day Europe and are addressed by the authors in this book. Through the lens of post-migrant societies, manifestations of identity appear in pluralized, fragmented, and deterritorialized forms. This new European multiculturalism calls into question the nature of boundaries between various ethnic-religious groups, as well as the demarcation lines within ethnic-religious communities. Although the contributions in this volume focus on Islam, ample attention is also paid to Christianity, Judaism, and Hinduism. The authors present empirical data from cases in Turkey, Germany, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Poland, Norway, Sweden, and Belgium, and sharpen the perspectives on the religious-ethnic manifestations of identity in the transnational context of 21st-century Europe.
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Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 5752

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.
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Der Skandal der Vielfalt

Geschichte und Konzepte des Multikulturalismus

Author: Volker Heins

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593399695

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 3229

Der Bau von Moscheen, das Tragen von Kopftüchern in Schulen, das jüdische und muslimische Beschneidungsritual - in den Debatten, die erregt über diese Praktiken geführt werden, erscheinen "fremde" Kulturen und Religionen oft als bedrohend, ja skandalös. Dieser Haltung steht das politische Konzept des Multikulturalismus gegenüber, das für Schutz und Anerkennung kultureller Unterschiede durch Staat und Gesellschaft eintritt. In der politischen Theorie wie in der breiten Öffentlichkeit löst dieser Ansatz heute aber vielfach Unbehagen aus. Der Sozialwissenschaftler Volker M. Heins, der viele Jahre in Kanada, den USA, Israel und Indien gelebt hat, fragt nach den Ursachen dieses Unbehagens. In seinem gut lesbaren Überblick über die internationale Multikulturalismusdebatte zeichnet er die Fortschritte und Rückschläge bei der Auseinandersetzung nach, die in den letzten Jahrzehnten über kulturelle Vielfalt geführt wurde. Seine These lautet, dass der Streit um den Multikulturalismus - um religiöse Symbole, Sprachkompetenz von Migranten, Import internationaler Konflikte, Chancen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt - grundlegende Fragen von Identität, Differenz und Solidarität berührt, die weder im Nationalstaat noch im vereinten Europa gelöst worden sind.
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Religious Education and the Challenge of Pluralism

Author: Adam B. Seligman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199399476

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 2284

The essays in this volume offer a groundbreaking comparative analysis of religious education, and state policies towards religious education in seven different countries and in the European Union as a whole. They pose a crucial question: can religious education contribute to a shared public sphere and foster solidarity across different ethnic and religious communities? In many traditional societies and even in what are largely secular European societies, our place in creation, the meaning of good and evil, and the definition of the good life, virtue, and moral action, are all primarily addressed in religious terms. It is in fact hard to come to grips with these issues without recourse to religious language, traditions, and frames of reference. Yet, religious languages and identities divide as much as unite, and provide a site of contestation and strife as much as a sense of peace and belonging Not surprisingly, different countries approach religious education in dramatically different ways. Religious Education and the Challenge of Pluralism addresses a pervasive problem: how can religious education provide a framework of meaning, replete with its language of inclusion and community, without at the same time drawing borders and so excluding certain individuals and communities from its terms of collective membership and belonging? The authors offer in-depth analysis of such pluralistic countries as Bulgaria, Israel, Malaysia, and Turkey, as well as Cyprus - a country split along lines of ethno-religious difference. They also examine the connection between religious education and the terms of citizenship in the EU, France, and the USA, illuminating the challenges of educating our citizenry in an age of religious resurgence and global politics.
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Global Issues

A Cross-Cultural Perspective

Author: Shirley A. Fedorak

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442605987

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1281

Global Issues is a pedagogically rich text that offers a unique way of looking at contemporary issues, such as food security and global conflict, from a cross-cultural and multidisciplinary perspective. By exploring each issue in depth, students gain an applied understanding of more abstract concepts like conflict, globalization, culture, imperialism, human rights, and gender, while the cross-cultural approach encourages students to view the world from outside the Western box. Designed for introductory-level students in global and international studies, human geography, anthropology, sociology, and development studies, this highly accessible text offers instructors and students a unique way of matching the concepts they learn in the classroom with important issues in the world in which they live and work.
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Children's Voices: Studies of interethnic conflict and violence in European schools

Author: Mateja Sedmak,Zorana Medarić,Sarah Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134493525

Category: Education

Page: 174

View: 1748

How are the processes of increasing ethnic and racial diversity reflected in European schools? How do children and educators experience and perceive interethnic relations in schools? This book examines the issues of interethnic coexistence, the management of ethnic diversity, xenophobic and racial attitudes and, in particular, the under-researched topic of interethnic violence among children in the school environment. Drawing together qualitative and quantitative data across five European countries it offers an insight into the views, personal experiences and responses of children from different ethnic backgrounds to interethnic violence in European schools. International contributors from England, Slovenia, Cyprus, Italy and Austria come together to provide a comparative study of experiences of interethnic conflict and violence in primary and secondary school classrooms. Each chapter focuses on positive measures that can combat discrimination, providing examples of good practice as well as considering the position of the school in promoting citizenship in an increasingly global world. By examining the experiences and perspectives of children, educators and experts, the book provides up-to-date research findings in the field and suggests key mechanisms for addressing interethnic violence in schools. With support, schools can play a key role in alleviating interethnic tensions and combatting ethnocentrism through the implementation of strong policies, acting as ‘protected spaces’. Children’s Voices: Studies of interethnic conflict and violence in European schools is of international relevance both within Europe, and beyond, and will appeal to researchers, teachers and policy makers concerned with race equality in the classroom.
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Multiculturalism and Moral Conflict

Author: Maria Dimova-Cookson,Peter Stirk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113526189X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 2811

Multiculturalism is higher on the daily political agenda than it has ever been. Leading politicians and public commentators speak with an unparalleled bluntness about the perceived limitations of multiculturalism while representatives of cultural, minorities express concern about marginalisation. This debate is taking place against a background of fear about terrorism, the integrity of national identities and a loosely construed ‘clash of civilizations’. Secularism is pitted against religious fundamentalism, respect for difference against the right of freedom of speech, integration against self-determination, and duties of citizenship against minority rights. This book confronts the reality of moral conflict in the debate on multiculturalism while resisting the simplification which too frequently accompanies daily commentary on both sides of an increasingly polarised debate. The volume as a whole marks an important step in the attempt to examine the underlying concepts, of the nature and legitimate extent of disagreement, of secularism, the nature of power, the state and citizenship, which inevitably constitute key assumptions in the debate. Bringing together leading scholars on multiculturalism: Gerald Gaus, Peter Jones, John Horton, Tariq Modood, Chandran Kukathas, Bhikhu Parekh, Matthew Festenstein and Cecile Laborde, this book discusses the latest developments in the field. It will be of strong interest students and scholars of multiculturalism, political science, political theory, international relations, sociology, philosophy and anthropology.
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Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship

A European Approach

Author: Tariq Modood,Anna Triandafyllidou,Ricard Zapata-Barrero

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134255616

Category: Religion

Page: 212

View: 2581

This informative collection investigates the European dimension of multiculturalism and immigration. It argues that political theory discourse of multiculturalism and resulting EU policies assume an interpretation of liberalism developed chiefly from the American experience, and that this issue must be addressed as the European experience is entirely different (with the main influx being non-white, ethnic and religious groups challenging liberalism and existing notions of citizenship). Presenting a fresh and unique perspective of multiculturalism and citizenship in Western Europe today, this book offers a comparative series of national case studies by a diverse range of leading scholars that together provide a theoretical framework for the volume as a whole. The contributors investigate the extent to which we can talk about a common Europe-wide multiculturalism debate, or whether here too there is a Europe of two (or more) gears, in which some countries address multicultural claims swiftly whilst others lag behind, busy with more basic issues of immigrant acceptance and integration. Comprehensive and interdisciplinary, this text is essential reading for advanced undergraduates, researchers and policy makers interested in immigration, multiculturalism, European integration, Islamic studies and ethnicities.
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Juridification and Social Citizenship in the Welfare State

Author: Henriette Sinding Aasen,Siri Gloppen,Anne-Mette Magnussen,Even Nilssen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783470232

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 8842

øThe concept of juridification refers to a diverse set of processes involving shifts towards more detailed legal regulation, regulations of new areas, and conflicts and problems increasingly being framed in legal and rights-oriented terms. This timely
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Multiculturalism and Democracy in North Africa

Aftermath of the Arab Spring

Author: Moha Ennaji

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317813626

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 5013

Investigating the connections between multiculturalism, minorities, citizenship, and democracy in North Africa, this book argues that multiculturalism in this region– and in the Arab world at large – has reached a significant level in terms of scale and importance. In the rest of the world, there has been a trend – albeit a contested one – toward a greater recognition of minority rights. The Arab world however, particularly North Africa, seems to be an exception to this trend, as Arab states continue to promote highly unitary and homogenizing ideas of nationhood and state unity, whilst discouraging, or even forbidding, minority political mobilization. The central theoretical premise of this book is that North Africa is a multicultural region, where culture is inherently linked to politics, religion, gender, and society, and a place where democracy is gradually taking root despite many political and economic hurdles. Addressing the lacuna in literature on this issue, this book opens new avenues of thought and research on diversity, linking policy based on cultural difference to democratic culture and to social justice. Multiculturalism and Democracy in North Africa will be of use to students and researchers with an interest in Sociology, Cultural Studies, and Political Science more broadly.
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Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Author: Jorgen S Nielsen

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748677534

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 8734

Analyses European Muslim communities' developing involvement in their political environment and related Muslim and public debates.
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Migration and Welfare in the New Europe

Social Protection and the Challenges of Integration

Author: Emma Carmel,Alfio Cerami,Theodoros Papadopoulos

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847426433

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 7269

Providing innovative insights, this book moves the debate on migration and integration policies in the enlarged European Union and its member states onto new terrain.
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