European Multiculturalisms: Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges

Cultural, Religious and Ethnic Challenges

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748644539

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 5408

Proposes a common European intellectual framework to evaluate recent developments in European multiculturalism. The heightened security awareness in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and the London and Madrid bombings has resulted in a 'crisis of multiculturalism'. Now is the time to look at the renewed challenges that multiculturalism faces today.Each chapter in this interdisciplinary book reviews the actual state of affairs in several countries in relation to the theories behind immigrant minority claims. With a special focus on Muslim immigrants, the contributors look at the value issues entrenched in multiculturalism and the policy challenges and measures adopted to address them.
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Challenging Multiculturalism: European Models of Diversity

European Models of Diversity

Author: Raymond Taras

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748664599

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 7230

Tackles the challenge of dismantling the multicultural model without destroying diversity in European society* Have Europeans become hostile to multiculturalism? * When people vote for anti-immigration parties, do they also support their anti-multiculturalism policies? * And are right-wing extremists becoming the storm troopers of the struggle against diversity?In recent years, European political leaders from Angela Merkel to David Cameron have discarded the term 'multiculturalism' and now express scepticism, criticism and even hostility towards multicultural ways of organising their societies. Yet they are unprepared to reverse the diversity existing in their states. These contradictory choices have different political consequences in the countries examined in this book. The future of European liberalism is being played out as multicultural notions of belonging, inclusion, tolerance and the national home are brought into question.
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Debating Multiculturalism in the Nordic Welfare States

Author: P. Kivisto,Ö. Wahlbeck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137318457

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 8180

This collection addresses the ways that Nordic countries have approached the issue of bringing ethnic minorities into the societal mainstream. With multicultural incorporation as an option, the authors explore the potential impact of the politics of identity in societies with social democratic welfare states committed to redistributive politics.
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European Multiplicity

Author: Chris Rumford,Didem Buhari-Gulmez

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144386319X

Category: Political Science

Page: 245

View: 5067

European Multiplicity does not conform to the expectations of a narrow EU studies agenda wherein European integration is seen as the destiny for the continent, each country (including non-members) being compelled to seek a place in an unfolding order “united in diversity”. Rather, the book demonstrates the benefits of an agenda shift, away from an overriding concern with integration towards a consideration of the possibility that a singular ‘Europe’ may not exist and that the multiplicity of Europe is all around us. As the chapters in this volume highlight, multiplicity reveals itself across the range of EU studies as a key dimension in Europe’s transformation. Multiplicity is evident both in cases where official EU policy exists (labour migration, citizenship, regional policy) and in areas which are central to European life more generally (multiculturalism, multilingualism, the public sphere, Euroscepticism). The idea of “European multiplicity” also challenges the established notion that plurality can be accounted for in terms of identity politics. Moreover, it confronts the tendency to see Europe in terms of binaries, such as East/West, old/new, North/South, core/periphery, Christian/Muslim, EU members/non-members, and top-down/bottom-up. A core feature of this book is the establishment of the viability of an approach to studying Europe which does not rely on the binaries upon which thinking about identity is all-too-often based. “Many Europes” is one of the growing issues in EU scholarship, no longer confined to the margins of European Studies. The book makes a compelling case for the idea that Europe is best understood in terms of its inherent multiplicity.
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Crossings and Crosses

Borders, Educations, and Religions in Northern Europe

Author: Jenny Berglund,Thomas Lundén,Peter Strandbrink

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 1614516553

Category: Religion

Page: 249

View: 2777

This volume critically explores the state of religious and civic life and politics on the margins of state spaces by analysing the themes of borders, education, and religions in northern Europe. It suggests that the formation of religious and civic identity through education is not becoming less parochial and more culturally open. It also challenges the idea that secular liberal democracies are by definition uninvolved in matters of faith.
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The Problem of Religious Diversity

European Challenges, Asian Approaches

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781474419086

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5913

Could lessons from Asia, Oceania and the Middle East help Europe overcome the challenge of religious diversity? Religious diversity is one of the toughest challenges that today's European societies face in their search for identity, equality and cohesion in an increasingly globalised world. This book engages critically with the different models and approaches for managing religion adopted in Europe, Asia and Oceania in order to seek answers to this pressing normative, conceptual and policy issue.
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New Multicultural Identities in Europe

Religion and Ethnicity in Secular Societies

Author: Erkan Toğuşlu,Johan Leman,İsmail Mesut Sezgin

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9058679810

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 9867

Multiculturalism in present-day Europe How to understand Europe’s post-migrant Islam on the one hand and indigenous, anti-Islamic movements on the other? What impact will religion have on the European secular world and its regulation? How do social and economic transitions on a transnational scale challenge ethnic and religious identifications? These questions are at the very heart of the debate on multiculturalism in present-day Europe and are addressed by the authors in this book. Through the lens of post-migrant societies, manifestations of identity appear in pluralized, fragmented, and deterritorialized forms. This new European multiculturalism calls into question the nature of boundaries between various ethnic-religious groups, as well as the demarcation lines within ethnic-religious communities. Although the contributions in this volume focus on Islam, ample attention is also paid to Christianity, Judaism, and Hinduism. The authors present empirical data from cases in Turkey, Germany, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Poland, Norway, Sweden, and Belgium, and sharpen the perspectives on the religious-ethnic manifestations of identity in the transnational context of 21st-century Europe.
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Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 8670

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.
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Governance of Diversity

Zum Umgang mit kultureller und religiöser Pluralität in säkularen Gesellschaften

Author: Gunnar Folke Schuppert

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359350801X

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 6931

Moderne Gesellschaften sind durch einen hohen Grad kultureller und religiöser Pluralität gekennzeichnet. Globalisierung und transnationale Migration steigern diese Vielfalt noch. Man kann daher heute den Umgang mit kulturellen und religiösen Minderheiten als das zentrale Governance-Problem säkularer Gesellschaften bezeichnen. Dieses Buch zeigt auf, welche Strategien für einen säkularen Verfassungsstaat dafür in Betracht kommen und welche Teile der Religionsverfassung einer pluralistischen Gesellschaft unverzichtbar sind.
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Religious Diversity in European Prisons

Challenges and Implications for Rehabilitation

Author: Irene Becci,Olivier Roy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319167782

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 1423

This book examines how prisons meet challenges of religious diversity, in an era of increasing multiculturalism and globalization. Social scientists studying corrections have noted the important role that religious or spiritual practice can have on rehabilitation, particularly for inmates with coping with stress, mental health and substance abuse issues. In the past, the historical figure of the prison chaplain operated primarily in a Christian context, following primarily a Christian model. Increasingly, prison populations (inmates as well as employees) display diversity in their ethnic, cultural, religious and geographic backgrounds. As public institutions, prisons are compelled to uphold the human rights of their inmates, including religious freedom. Prisons face challenges in approaching religious plurality and secularism, and maintaining prisoners' legal rights to religious freedom. The contributions to this work present case studies that examine how prisons throughout Europe have approached challenges of religious diversity. Featuring contributions from the UK, France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Belgium and Spain, this interdisciplinary volume includes contributions from social and political scientists, religion scholars and philosophers examining the role of religion and religious diversity in prison rehabilitation. It will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Social and Political Science, Human Rights, Public Policy, and Religious Studies.
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Fremde in unserer Mitte

Politische Philosophie der Einwanderung

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 2518

Das Thema Einwanderung wirft gewichtige gesellschaftspolitische, moralische und ethische Fragen auf, die seit einiger Zeit im Zentrum intensiver Debatten stehen. Der renommierte britische Philosoph David Miller verteidigt in seinem Buch eine Position zwischen einem starken Kosmopolitismus, der für uneingeschränkte Bewegungsfreiheit und offene Grenzen plädiert, und einem blinden Nationalismus, der oft in pauschale Ausländerfeindlichkeit und dumpfen Rassismus umschlägt. In ständiger Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenargumenten entwickelt er seinen Standpunkt, der die Rechte sowohl der Immigranten als auch der Staatsbürger berücksichtigen soll – und einen schwachen Kosmopolitismus ebenso einschließt wie das Recht von Nationalstaaten, ihre Grenzen zu kontrollieren. Ziel von Millers Ausführungen ist eine Immigrationspolitik liberaler Demokratien, die so gerecht ist wie möglich und so realistisch wie nötig. Ein beeindruckend präzise und nüchtern argumentierendes Buch, das zum Nachdenken anregt und zum Widerspruch reizt.
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Islam in the West

Key Issues in Multiculturalism

Author: Max Farrar

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230238742

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 456

"In recent years the debate on multiculturalism in the UK and other Western societies has focused principally on Islam, and the specific 'problems' said to be posed by Muslims have been invoked to justify the claim that multiculturalism has failed. That claim is opened to scrutiny and challenged in this unique collection through a series of explorations of specific issues and controversies - including the question of the veil, crime, political Islam, the role of Muslim women, sexuality and the Danish cartoons affair - and through more general reflections on the nature of multiculturalism. By exploring the nature of cultural differences and sensitivities and examining the way conflicts have played out, this challenging book makes a wide-ranging contribution to debate and a more constructive inter-cultural engagement. The contributors draw upon the disciplines of social science, ethics, theology, philosophy and education to examine the nature of the issues and flashpoints and to draw out implications for theory, policy and practice." --from back cover.
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Islam, Europe's Second Religion

The New Social, Cultural, and Political Landscape

Author: Charles Buchanan

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275976088

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 3761

Islam is slowly, but inexorably becoming part of Europe's social, cultural, and, to some degree, political landscape. With at least 15 million people in Western Europe who adhere to the Muslim faith or have close cultural or other affiliations with the Islamic world, Islam has emerged as Europe's second religion, after Christianity. This volume provides a country-by-country survey by recognized experts from each of the Western European nations.
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Multiculturalism, Muslims and Citizenship

A European Approach

Author: Tariq Modood,Anna Triandafyllidou,,Ricard Zapata-Barrero

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134255608

Category: Religion

Page: 225

View: 5680

This informative collection investigates the European dimension of multiculturalism and immigration. It argues that political theory discourse of multiculturalism and resulting EU policies assume an interpretation of liberalism developed chiefly from the American experience, and that this issue must be addressed as the European experience is entirely different (with the main influx being non-white, ethnic and religious groups challenging liberalism and existing notions of citizenship). Presenting a fresh and unique perspective of multiculturalism and citizenship in Western Europe today, this book offers a comparative series of national case studies by a diverse range of leading scholars that together provide a theoretical framework for the volume as a whole. The contributors investigate the extent to which we can talk about a common Europe-wide multiculturalism debate, or whether here too there is a Europe of two (or more) gears, in which some countries address multicultural claims swiftly whilst others lag behind, busy with more basic issues of immigrant acceptance and integration. Comprehensive and interdisciplinary, this text is essential reading for advanced undergraduates, researchers and policy makers interested in immigration, multiculturalism, European integration, Islamic studies and ethnicities.
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Multiculturalism Backlash

European Discourses, Policies and Practices

Author: Professor of Transnational Anthropology Steven Vertovec,Steven Vertovec,Susanne Wessendorf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135270716

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 4160

In a relatively short time, many European governments have been purposefully dropping the notion ‘multicultural’ or other references to cultural diversity in their policy vocabularies. More and more politicians and public intellectuals have criticized a perceived shift towards ‘too much diversity’. This volume goes beyond the conventional approaches to the topic offering a careful examination of not only the social conditions and political questions surrounding multiculturalism but also the recent emergence of a ‘backlash’ against multicultural initiatives, programmes and infrastructures. Featuring case-study based contributions from leading experts throughout Europe and North America, this multidisciplinary work seeks to assess some of these key questions with reference to recent and current trends concerning multiculturalism, cultural diversity and integration in their respective countries, evaluating questions such as Is there is a common ‘sceptical turn’ against cultural diversity or a ‘backlash against difference’ sweeping Europe? How have public discourses impacted upon national and local diversity management and migration policies? Are the discourses and policy shifts actually reflected in everyday practices within culturally, linguistically and religiously diverse settings? The Multiculturalism Backlash provides new insights, informed reflections and comparative analyses concerning these significant processes surrounding politics, policy, public debates and the place of migrants and ethnic minorities within European societies today. Focusing on the practice and policy of multiculturalism from a comparative perspective this work will be of interest to scholars from a wide range of disciplines including migration, anthropology and sociology.
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Ein säkulares Zeitalter

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1297

View: 9556

Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.
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Europa ohne Identität?

Leitkultur oder Wertebeliebigkeit

Author: Bassam Tibi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442755929

Category: Cultural pluralism

Page: 395

View: 5476

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The Politics of Multiculturalism in the New Europe

Racism, Identity and Community

Author: Tariq Modood,Pnina Werbner

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781856494229

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 4835

Contains a wealth of fresh theoretical and ethnographic insights into the practice of multiculturalism and the racist challenges it faces throughout the new Europe, from eastern Europe, Scandinavia and southern Europe to the contested heartland of the European Union.
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Multikulturalismus und die Politik der Anerkennung

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518295298

Category: Canada

Page: 165

View: 1828

Charles Taylor greift in seinem Essay eines der brennenden Gegenwartsprobleme liberaler Demokratien auf: Gleichbehandlung der Individuen bei Achtung kultureller und ethnischer Identitäten. Die prekäre Dialektik von Universalismus und Partikularismus, die auch im Schlagwort von der ”multikulturellen Gesellschaft“ widerhallt, analysiert er ideengeschichtlich sowie politisch-praktisch an den zeitgenössischen westlichen Gesellschaften. Er beschreibt den Wertewandel, die Selbstbehauptungswünsche von Minderheiten und die rechtlichen Widersprüche in den Autonomiebestrebungen von Volksgruppen. Taylors Analyse ist ein Glücksfall und das Buch mit den Kommentaren von führenden Sozialphilosophen einer der wichtigsten Diskussionsbeiträge zum Thema ”Multikulturalismus“
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