European Landscapes of Rock-Art

Author: Christopher Chippindale,George Nash

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134517335

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9825

Rock-art - the ancient images which still scatter the rocky landscapes of Europe - is a singular kind of archaeological evidence. Fixed in place, it does not move about as artefacts as trade objects do. Enigmatic in its meaning, it uniquely offers a direct record of how prehistoric Europeans saw and envisioned their own worlds. European Landscapes of Rock-Art provides a number of case studies, covering arange of European locations including Ireland, Italy, Scandinavia, Scotland and Spain, which collectively address the chronology and geography of rock-art as well as providing an essential series of methodologies for future debate. Each author provides a synthesis that focuses on landscape as an essential part of rock-art construction. From the paintings and carved images of prehistoric Scandinavia to Second World War grafitti on the German Reichstag, this volume looks beyond the art to the society that made it. The papers in this volume also challenge the traditional views of how rock-art is recorded. Throughout, there is an emphasis on informal and informed methodologies. The authors skilfully discuss subjectivity and its relationship with landscape since personal experience, from prehistoric times to the present day, plays an essential role in the interpretation of art itself. The emphasis is on location, on the intentionality of the artist, and on the needs of the audience. This exciting volume is a crucial addition to rock-art literature and landscape archaeology. It will provide new material for a lively and greatly debated subject and as such will be essential for academics, non-academics and commentators of rock art in general.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art

Author: Bruno David,Ian J. McNiven

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190844957

Category: Social Science

Page: 1168

View: 7606

Rock art is one of the most visible and geographically widespread of cultural expressions, and it spans much of the period of our species' existence. Rock art also provides rare and often unique insights into the minds and visually creative capacities of our ancestors and how selected rock outcrops with distinctive images were used to construct symbolic landscapes and shape worldviews. Equally important, rock art is often central to the expression of and engagement with spiritual entities and forces, and in all these dimensions it signals the diversity of cultural practices, across place and through time. Over the past 150 years, archaeologists have studied ancient arts on rock surfaces, both out in the open and within caves and rock shelters, and social anthropologists have revealed how people today use art in their daily lives. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art showcases examples of such research from around the world and across a broad range of cultural contexts, giving a sense of the art's regional variability, its antiquity, and how it is meaningful to people in the recent past and today - including how we have ourselves tended to make sense of the art of others, replete with our own preconceptions. It reviews past, present, and emerging theoretical approaches to rock art investigation and presents new, cutting-edge methods of rock art analysis for the student and professional researcher alike.

Exploring Prehistoric Identity in Europe

Our Construct or Theirs?

Author: Victoria Ginn,Rebecca Enlander,Rebecca Crozier

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1842177478

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 1638

Identity is relational and a construct, and is expressed in a myriad of ways. For example, material culture and its pluralist meanings have been readily manipulated by humans in a prehistoric context in order to construct personal and group identities. Artefacts were often from or reminiscent of far-flung places and were used to demonstrate membership of an (imagined) regional, or European community. Earthworks frequently archive maximum visual impact through elaborate ramparts and entrances with the minimum amount of effort, indicating that the construction of identities were as much in the eye of the perceivor, as of the perceived. Variations in domestic architectural style also demonstrate the malleability of identity, and the prolonged, intermittent use of particular places for specific functions indicates that the identity of place is just as important in our archaeological understanding as the identity of people. By using a wide range of case studies, both temporally and spatially, these thought processes may be explored further and diachronic and geographic patterns in expressions of identity investigated.

The Figured Landscapes of Rock-Art

Looking at Pictures in Place

Author: George Nash,Christopher Chippindale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521524247

Category: Art

Page: 400

View: 5004

This book addresses the most important component around the rock-art panel - its landscape.

Rock Art Research

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Painting, Prehistoric

Page: N.A

View: 3680


Mr. Putin

Operative in the Kremlin

Author: Fiona Hill,Clifford G. Gaddy

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 081572618X

Category: Political Science

Page: 533

View: 9379

From the KGB to the Kremlin: a multidimensional portrait of the man at war with the West. Where do Vladimir Putin's ideas come from? How does he look at the outside world? What does he want, and how far is he willing to go? The great lesson of the outbreak of World War I in 1914 was the danger of misreading the statements, actions, and intentions of the adversary. Today, Vladimir Putin has become the greatest challenge to European security and the global world order in decades. Russia's 8,000 nuclear weapons underscore the huge risks of not understanding who Putin is. Featuring five new chapters, this new edition dispels potentially dangerous misconceptions about Putin and offers a clear-eyed look at his objectives. It presents Putin as a reflection of deeply ingrained Russian ways of thinking as well as his unique personal background and experience. Praise for the first edition If you want to begin to understand Russia today, read this book. —Sir John Scarlett, former chief of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) For anyone wishing to understand Russia's evolution since the breakup of the Soviet Union and its trajectory since then, the book you hold in your hand is an essential guide.—John McLaughlin, former deputy director of U.S. Central Intelligence Of the many biographies of Vladimir Putin that have appeared in recent years, this one is the most useful. —Foreign Affairs This is not just another Putin biography. It is a psychological portrait. —The Financial Times Q: Do you have time to read books? If so, which ones would you recommend? "My goodness, let's see. There's Mr. Putin, by Fiona Hill and Clifford Gaddy. Insightful." —Vice President Joseph Biden in Joe Biden: The Rolling Stone Interview.

Inscribed Landscapes

Marking and Making Place

Author: Bruno David,Meredith Wilson

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824824723

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 3903

Annotation. Inscribed Landscapes explores the role of inscription in the social construction of place, power, and identity. Bringing together twenty-one scholars across a range of fields-primarily archaeology, anthropology, and geography-it examines how social codes and hegemonic practices have resulted in the production of particular senses of place, exploring the physical and metaphysical marking of place as a means of accessing social history.

Serie B--Skrifter

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Ethnology

Page: N.A

View: 7672


Landscapes, Rock-Art and the Dreaming

An Archaeology of Preunderstanding

Author: Bruno David

Publisher: T&T Clark

ISBN: 9780718502430

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 4351

The apparent timelessness of the Dreaming of Aboriginal Australia has long mystified European observers, conjuring images of an ancient people in harmony with their surroundings. It may come as a surprise, therefore, that the Dreaming's historical antiquity has never been explored by archaeologists. In this book, Bruno David examines the archaeological evidence for Dreaming-mediated places, rituals and symbolism. What emerges is not a static culture, but a mode of conceiving the world that emerged in its recognizable form only about 1000 years ago. This is a world of what the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer has called pre-understanding, a condition of knowledge that shapes one's experience of the world. By tracing through time the archaeological visibility of one well known mode of pre-understanding - the Dreaming of Aboriginal Australia - the author argues that it is possible to scientifically explore an archaeology of pre-understanding; of body and mind, identity and Being-in-the-world.

The Reichstag Graffiti

Author: Norman Foster,Frederick Baker,Deborah E. Lipstadt,David Jenkins

Publisher: N.A


Category: Architecture

Page: 128

View: 677

In the Reichstag, the walls speak. Covered in Russian graffiti written by victorious Soviet soldiers in 1945, they've remained silent, their words hidden for decades, until rediscovered by architect Norman Foster and his team, who began work on the building in 1995. Preserved by Foster as part of his concept of the Reichstag as a "living museum" of German history, these anti-German scribblings remain a hotly debated subject. Some charge that the graffiti is morally offensive and masochistic, while others argue that its presence indicates a brave determination not to forget the tragedies of the past. Accompanying essays consider the graffiti as a monument to the individual and offer an historical account of the Battle of Berlin through the eyes of Red Army soldiers as they approached their ultimate goal, the Reichstag.

Cult in Context

Reconsidering Ritual in Archaeology

Author: David A. Barrowclough,Caroline Malone

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842173039

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 8029

Gods, deities, symbolism, deposition, cosmology and intentionality are all features of the study of early ritual and cult. Archaeology has great difficulties in providing satisfactory interpretation or recognition of these elusive but important parts of ancient society, and methodologies are often poorly equipped to explore the evidence. This collection of papers explores a wide range of prehistoric and early historic archaeological contexts from Britain, Europe and beyond, where monuments, architectural structures, megaliths, art, caves, ritual activity and symbolic remains offer exciting glimpses into ancient belief systems and cult behaviour. Different theoretical and practical approaches are demonstrated, offering both new directions and considered conclusions to the many problems of studying the archaeology of cult and ritual. Central to the volume is an exploration of early Malta and its intriguing Temple Culture, set in a broad perspective by the discussion and theoretical approaches presented in different geographical and chronological contexts.

Prehistoric Rock Art in Northumberland

Author: Stan Beckensall

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780752419459

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 970

Northumberland is the most prolific, varied and important area of rock-art in Britain. This book, which includes every known site, relates the art to its landscape and monumental setting. This work follows naturally from the author's general work on rock art, British Prehistoric Rock Art and his recent widely acclaimed book Northumberland: Power of Place.

Prehistoric Rock Art in Cumbria

Landscapes and Monuments

Author: Stan Beckensall

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 5505

Many exciting discoveries of prehistoric rock art have been made recently in Cumbria. They are included in this complete account of the earliest human communication, some 4-5000 years ago on outcrop rock, earthfast boulders, burials and other ritual structures. They are in some of Britain's most beautiful places. Professor Richard Bradley writes: "This book captures beautifully Stan's feeling for the countryside and flair for this kind of research. It is the work of a born teacher, who wishes to share his knowledge and enjoyment with other people. What he says is important, and how he says it is important too. Like the carvings he has done so much to publicise, this book is accessible to everyone." It follows his complete survey of Northumberland rock art, which Christopher Chippindale, of Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology described as "a first-rate book . . . written from Stan Beckensall's great knowledge with an inviting charm, splendidly illustrated with his photographs and drawings, well produced in a manageable size."

Archaeology from Art

Exploring the Interpretative Potential of British and Irish Neolithic Rock Art

Author: Edward Evans

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781841713557

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

View: 7901

Traditional approaches to studying rock art centred on the production of gazetteers of sites and examples, but in recent years the tide has turned significantly. This study adds to the genre of research that seeks to provide meaningful interpretations of the purpose and significance of rock-art. Drawing on ideas and theories from other, non-British and non-Irish traditions, Edward Evans looks at the creation of images in the Neolithic and early Bronze Age of Britain and Ireland, and looks at its relationship with the landscape and architecture in new ways.

Warfare, violence and slavery in prehistory

proceedings of a Prehistoric Society conference at Sheffield University

Author: Michael Parker Pearson,I. J. Thorpe

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 6162

19 papers presented at the Proceedings of a Prehistoric Society conference at Sheffield University in February 2001. (1) The ancient origins of warfare and violence (I J N Thorpe); (2) Warfare, violence and slavery in later prehistory: an introduction (Mike Parker Pearson); (3) Aggression and nonhuman primates (Pia Nystrom); (4) Sociobiology, cultural anthropology and the causes of warfare (Robert Layton); (5) The physical evidence of warfare - subtle stigmata? (Christopher J Knusel); (6) The head burials from Ofnet cave: an example of warlike conflict in the Mesolithic (Jorg Orschiedt); (7) Assessing rank and warfare-strategy in prehistoric hunter-gatherer society: a study of representational warrior figures in rock-art from the Spanish Levant, southeastern Spain (George Nash); (8) The emergence of warfare in the Early Bronze Age: the Nitra group in Slovakia and Moravia, 2200-1800 BC (Andreas Harde); (9) Warfare, redistribution and society in western Iberia (Eduardo Sanchez-Moreno); (10) Warfare, violence and the construction of masculinity in the Iron Age rock art of Valcamonica, northern Italy (Lynne Bevan); (11) The dead of Tormarton - Middle Bronze Age combat victims? (Richard Osgood); (12) Giving up weapons (David Fontijn); (13) Ritual bondage, violence, slavery and sacrifice in later European prehistory (Miranda Aldhouse Green); (14) Fragmentation, mutilation and dismemberment: an interpretation of human remains on Iron Age sites (Rebecca Craig, Christopher J Knusel and Gillian Carr); (15) The origins of warfare: later prehistory in southeastern Iberia (Gonzalo Aranda Jimencz and Margarita Sanchez Romero); (16) Weaponry, statues and petroglyphs: the ideology of war in Atlantic Iron Age Iberia (Jose Freire); (17) A palaeodemographic investigation of warfare in prehistory (Neil A Bishop and Christopher J Knusel); (18) War in prehistoric society: modern views of ancient violence (John Carman and Patricia Carman); (19) Ambushed by a grotesque: archaeology, slavery and the third paradigm (Tim Taylor).

Set in stone

new approaches to Neolithic monuments in Scotland

Author: Vicki Cummings (Ph. D.),Amelia Pannett

Publisher: Oxbow Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781842171431

Category: Social Science

Page: 117

View: 9169

As its title night suggest, this volume sets out to present a new view of Scotland's Neolithic as seen via its monumental structures. The papers brought together here came out of a research day at Cardiff University's School of History and Archaeology in January 2002 and cover a diverse number of topics. They raise questions of ancestry and worldview, and highlight the amount that can be done in examining the setting monuments. Contents include: Not my type discourses in monumentality (Kenneth Brophy); the 'henge' and 'hengiform' in Scotland (G J Barday); Choreographed monumentality: recreating the centre of the other worlds at the monumental complex of Callanish, western Lewis (Cole Henley); Between a rock and a hard place: rock art and mimesis in Neolithic and Bronze Age Scotland (Andy James)

The Iveragh Peninsula

a cultural atlas of the Ring of Kerry

Author: John Crowley,John Sheehan

Publisher: Cork Univ Pr


Category: History

Page: 495

View: 6931

* The Ring of Kerry is one of Ireland's most beloved of landscapes * This multidisciplinary exploration will make anyone's visit to the Ring even more magical The Iveragh Peninsula, often referred to as the 'Ring of Kerry', is one of Ireland's most dramatic and beautiful landscapes. This cultural atlas, comprising over fifty individual chapters and case studies, provides the reader with a broad range of perspectives on the peninsula and the human interactions with it since prehistoric times to the present day. Although not a conventional atlas, it contains many historic and newly commissioned maps. The opening chapters explore the physical and environmental setting of the peninsula. Subsequent chapters deal with is development over the millennia and the influences that have shaped it. All aspects of Iveragh's past and present are considered, using the evidence of disciplines such as archaeology, art history, cartography, folklore, geography, geology, history, mythology and zoology. Given its status as a peninsula projecting into the Atlantic, the history and culture of the Iveragh Peninsula have been molded by external influences as well as by regional and national ones. Its story is multi-layered, involving the imprint of mythological as well as historic settlers and invaders. The peninsula has witnessed significant periods of transition, perhaps none more so than in the present era. This book seeks to deepen and illuminate our understanding of its landscape, history and heritage.