European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans

Europeanization or Business as Usual?

Author: Arolda Elbasani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136734139

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 9489

The book investigates the scope and limitations of the transformative power of EU enlargement in the Western Balkans. The extension of EU enlargement policy to the region has generated high expectations that enlargement will regulate democratic institution-building and foster reform, much as it did in Central and Eastern Europe. However, there is very little research on whether and how unfavourable domestic conditions might mitigate the transformative power of the EU. This volume investigates the role of domestic factors, identifying ‘stateness’ as the missing link between the assumed transformative power of the EU and the actual capacity to adopt EU rules across the region. Including chapters on Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Kosovo, and Bosnia-Herzegovina, leading scholars in the field offer up-to-date comparative analysis of key areas of institutional and policy reform; including state bureaucracy, rule of law, electoral management, environmental governance, cooperation with the International Court of Justice, economic liberalization and foreign policy. Looking to the future and the implications for policy change, European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans provides a new theoretical and empirical focus on this little understood area. The book will be of interest to scholars and students of EU politics, comparative democratisation, post-communist transitions and Balkan area studies.

Party Responses to the EU in the Western Balkans

Transformation, Opposition or Defiance?

Author: Marko Stojić

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319595636

Category: Political Science

Page: 291

View: 5053

This book examines how European issues have played out in Serbian and Croatian party politics since 2000, in the context of significant challenges brought by European integration of the Western Balkans. It provides a comprehensive analysis of how political parties in these countries have determined and shifted their positions on the EU, by exploring the effect and interaction of party ideology and strategy, position within the party system, relations with the general public and voters as well as transnational party linkages. The author argues that the particular nature of European issues, closely related to crucial identity and statehood dilemmas in these post-conflict societies, largely determined party stances on the EU, feeding significant Eurosceptic sentiments. At the same time, a number of core parties underwent a rapid pro-EU conversion, pragmatically responding to internal and external incentives in the context of dynamic electoral competition and strong EU presence, and aimed at maximising their chances of securing executive office. The book will be of interest to advanced students and scholars in the fields of comparative politics, Western Balkan politics, and EU studies.

Turkey and the European Union

Processes of Europeanisation

Author: Dr Çigdem Nas,Dr Yonca Özer

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409484378

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 3474

The accession of Turkey to the EU presents a fascinating case study for all those with an interest in europeanisation. Officially recognised as a candidate for full membership in 1999 Turkey's negotiations with the EU have been protracted and highly controversial. Turkey and the European Union: Processes of Europeanisation offers a coherent and focussed account of Turkey's recent relations and accession negotiations with the EU. Europeanisation as an explanatory tool is used to review how the EU has successfully induced change in Turkish policies and institutions whilst careful analysis is also conducted into where europeanisation has failed and explores how it may even have inadvertently contributed to forming a backlash against accession. Authoritative local and International contributors provide in-depth analysis as to why the process has had such a varied impact across a range of policies and institutions and ask, given the high costs of joining the EU and decreasing incentives, if europeanisation can still exert an influence in the future. Despite Turkey's unique geographical and political position between East and West the relationship with the EU is not a case sui generis. This book offers valuable insights on the effectiveness of europeanisation for all those within and without the framework of the European Union.

The European Union Neighbourhood

Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Professor Teresa Cierco

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472408144

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 2417

The European Union in its neighbourhood is confronted with several challenges as well as opportunities. The degree to which it can promote the geopolitical stabilization of Europe and the spread of economic and political governance, based on democratic ideals in its neighbourhood, will determine the future course of Europe and will be a clear indicator of the success or failure of the European Union on the international scene as a whole. In addition, the security context of Europe has changed profoundly since the end of the Cold war, and with it the perceptions of what role the European Union can play in expanding stability and security throughout the European continent. European Union’s neighbouring states and regions are viewed by European Union member states as the primary source of many of the non-traditional security threats, such as terrorism, migration, trafficking, and transnational organized crime. Addressing the Europe Union’s twenty-first century challenges, this study looks at the policies of the EU towards its neighbours as a critical dimension of the totality of the EU’s foreign and security policy. This volume brings together a broad range of scholars and seeks to highlight some of the main issues that concern the European relations with its neighbour’s countries in the Western Balkans, the Eastern and Southern Europe, and with Russia. In short, the volume raises important, timely issues regarding the challenges and opportunities confronting the European Union in its neighbourhood which both policy makers and academicians will find both informative and though provoking in their efforts to understand the nature and complexity of the European Union actions in its neighbourhood.

Integrating the Balkans

Conflict Resolution and the Impact of EU Expansion

Author: Máire Braniff

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1848856695

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 3450

Emerging from a decade of violent ethnic and inter-state conflict during the 1990s, the countries of the Western Balkans entered a phase of rebuilding and reconciliation. This title explores EU's considerable efforts to influence and shape the nature of state, society and foreign relations in the region.

Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans

Author: V. Bojicic-Dzelilovic,J. Ker-Lindsay,D. Kostovicova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137296259

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8880

This book explores the ambiguous role played by civil society in the processes of state-building, democratization and post-conflict reconstruction in the Western Balkans challenging the assumption that civil society is always a force for good by analysing civil society actors and their effects in post-communist and post-conflict transition.

Current developments in European foreign policy

Kosovo, report with evidence, 32nd report of session 2006-07

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: European Union Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0104011289

Category: Political Science

Page: 15

View: 3776

Evidence taken before Sub-committee C (Foreign Affairs, Defence and Development Policy)

The Euro Before the Eu?

An Estimate of the Economic Effects of Euroization in the Western Balkans

Author: Altin Ilirjani

Publisher: Globic Press

ISBN: 0977666212

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 1919

This book argues that a Poisson likelihood regression model is better suited to estimate the impact of common currencies on bilateral trade. The author estimates and compares potential effects of euroization on bilateral trade with the Eurozone and national incomes of Albania, Serbia, and Macedonia using three different gravity estimates.

The European Union and Southeastern Europe

Troubled Waters Ahead?

Author: András Inotai

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9789052010717

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 8831

The future of Southeastern Europe and connected EU policies are a much more important issue than just guaranteeing regional stability and sustainable modernization in the -backyard of Europe-. The credibility of the EU, as a global -soft power- is at stake, with far reaching consequences on the future of the European integration, affecting both further enlargement and urgently needed deepening. The strategy oriented analysis commissioned by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation Budapest is based on an interdisciplinary approach with clear emphasis on economic issues, such as global, EU-related and intra-regional trade, foreign direct investments, labour market, migration and financial transfers. Domestic developments and EU relations of the individual Southeastern European countries are compared to each other and to the experience of other transforming countries of Central and Eastern Europe, already full members of the European Union. Special attention is paid to conditionality requirements, recent changes and ongoing dilemmas of the EU's strategy towards the Western Balkans in a critical period of the region, both regarding their different speed and quality of preparing for full-fledged membership and the potential consequences of the future status of Kosovo."

Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Postcommunist World

Author: Valerie Bunce,Michael McFaul,Kathryn Stoner-Weiss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521115981

Category: History

Page: 347

View: 4087

Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Postcommunist World examines three waves of democratic change that took place in eleven different former Communist nations. It draws important conclusions about the rise, development, and breakdown of both democracy and dictatorship in each country, providing a comparative perspective on the post-Communist world. The first democratic wave to sweep this region encompasses the rapid rise of democratic regimes from 1989 to 1992 from the ashes of Communism and Communist states. The second wave arose with accession to the European Union (from 2004 to 2007) and the third, with the electoral defeat of dictators (1996 to 2005) in Croatia, Serbia, Georgia, and Ukraine. The authors of each chapter in this volume examine both internal and external dimensions of both democratic success and failure.

EU Conditionality in the Western Balkans

Author: Florian Bieber

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 6071

This volume examines how European institutions, the European Union in particular through its policy of conditionality, have shaped the post-conflict reconstruction of the Western Balkans. From state-building to democratization and environmental policies, this book explores whether and in what ways the EU has been successful in consolidating states and democracy in the Balkans. In addition to requiring countries to be ready to join the European Union, the EU has also set new conditions in an effort to become the prime international organization involved in stabilizing the Western Balkans after the wars of the 1990s. Its record has been mixed: the conditions of the EU have often been haphazard and were frequently not followed through. In addition, enlargement towards the Western Balkans has been slow and marred by open questions over the stability of some countries in the region. This volume assesses the EU's struggle to transform the societies through conditionality and whether the offer of EU membership is enough to build stable democracies. This book was published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.

Albania and the European Union

The Tumultuous Journey Towards Integration and Accession

Author: Mirela Bogdani,John Loughlin

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845113087

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 3773

When will Albania join the EU? Will accession help to achieve prosperity, stability and prosperity? And, what factors are helping it towards this end and holding it back? A study of Albania and its relations with the EU, this book analyses the problems of the country as it moves towards membership of the Union.

Western Balkans Policy Review 2010

Author: Janusz Bugajski

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 0892066024

Category: Political Science

Page: 126

View: 5116

The Western Balkans Policy Review, launched by the CSIS Lavrentis Lavrentiadis Chair, is a unique publication that systematically examines the progress of the Balkan Peninsula and the challenges this unsettled region continues to face. The expert contributing authors focus on EU and NATO policies and examine the prevailing economic climate, together with more detailed country studies that also assess the evolution of U.S. interests while offering specific policy recommendations.The Balkans contain at least three categories of states: those countries that are ensconced in both the European Union and NATO, including Greece, Slovenia, Romania, and Bulgaria; those states that are members only of NATO and are candidates or aspirants for EU accession, including Croatia, Albania, and Turkey; and those countries that do not presently belong to either multinational organization, including Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, ROM/FYROM, and Kosova. By looking at this wider setting, valuable linkages and regional comparisons can be drawn in the hope of devising a sound international policy toward the region.The Western Balkans Policy Review is planned as an annual publication to monitor and assess the region's development and provide recommendations for policy initiatives by Western governments and multinational institutions. The authors have differing perspectives and prescriptions for the region; their opinions are as diverse as Balkan achievements and problems. Ultimately, the entire Balkan Peninsula needs to reach a sufficient level of stability and development if full integration into the two most-successful transnational organizations, NATO and the European Union, is to be assured. Simultaneously, both NATO and the European Union must remain closely involved in this process of engagement and incorporation.

The Changing Face of Rural Space

Agriculture and Rural Development in the Western Balkans

Author: Julian Lampietti,David G. Lugg,Philip Van der Celen,Amelia Branczik

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821379313

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 4787

Although at different stages of development, the countries of the Western Balkans—Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia—face similar challenges in transforming and modernizing their agricultural food production (agri-food) sectors. Their rural sectors have lagged behind the rest of the economy in growth and poverty reduction, their agri-food sectors are undercapitalized and highly fragmented, and their agro-processing capacities limited. Agricultural trade deficits are widening, climate change is posing increasing risks to farm incomes, and low-cost imports and changing consumer preferences are further eroding competitiveness. Added to this scenario are the challenges and opportunities of adopting the EU 'acquis communautaire' relating to agriculture. Based on recent World Bank reports prepared in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the European Commission Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development, 'The Changing Face of Rural Space: Agriculture and Rural Development in the Western Balkans' identifies what is constraining agricultural competitiveness in these countries, examines public expenditures in agriculture, and diagnoses key challenges for agricultural policy makers. The book expands on previous findings to provide a strategic policy framework for transforming and modernizing the agri-food sector and, in the context of region’s ongoing process of integration with the European Union, creating a dynamic rural space in the Western Balkans. The book offers Western Balkan governments and international donors a shared vision of the goals and directions their agriculture and rural development policies and programs might take.

Security Community Practices in the Western Balkans

Author: Sonja Stojanović Gajić,Filip Ejdus

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317058089

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 975

In the early 1990s, the Western Balkans were the scene of prolonged and bloody inter-ethnic wars. Numerous issues remain unresolved; Bosnia is a dysfunctional state; Kosovo a disputed territory; Macedonia a fragile republic, however, it is hard now to imagine the renewal of inter-state armed conflict. Investigating the causes and mechanisms driving peaceful transformation in the Balkans, this book examines developments in the region and contributes to discussions on security community building. Focusing on how different professional communities work together in the creation of regional peace and security, it sheds new light on how diplomats, policemen, soldiers and others brought about the transformation from conflict to peace through their everyday practices. Conducted collaboratively by a research community based within the region, this volume will be highly relevant to scholars and researchers studying the Balkans, regional security, security communities and policymakers.

The Foreign Policy of the European Union

Author: Stephan Keukeleire,Tom Delreux

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 113702576X

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 1369

A comprehensive analysis of the foreign policy of the EU assessing the history, actors, processes, partnerships and rivalries of this key area of EU policy. The second edition includes additional case studies, a new chapter on foreign policy analysis, and is fully revised and updated to take account of the latest trends, issues and research.

Russia's Engagement with the West

Transformation and Integration in the Twenty-first Century

Author: Alexander J. Motyl,Blair A. Ruble

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765614414

Category: Political Science

Page: 315

View: 4755

The Putin and Bush presidencies, the 9/11 attack, and the war in Iraq have changed the dynamics of Russian-European-U.S. relations and strained the Western alliance. Featuring contributions by leading experts in the field, this work is the first systematic effort to reassess the status of Russia's modernization efforts in this context. Part I examines political, economic, legal, and cultural developments in Russia for evidence of convergence with Western norms. In Part II, the contributors systematically analyze Russia's relations with the European Union, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and the United States in light of new security concerns and changing economic and power relationships.