Europe and the Euro

Integration, Crisis and Policies

Author: Enrico Marelli,Marcello Signorelli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319457292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 8720

This book offers a fresh perspective on the recent Eurozone "double crisis" and its related economic policies. The authors present empirical evidence which sheds new light on the growing economic and political debate on the future of the Euro, the Eurozone and the EU. The book investigates and assesses the impact of the crisis with particular reference to monetary and fiscal policy, whose protracted austerity approach has dampened economic growth. In their discussion of the long-run European integration process, the authors emphasize the original weaknesses in the construction of the European Monetary Union and examine its failure to respond to the recent crisis. The concluding chapter focuses on the need for crucial reform in European governance and discusses the impact of the UK’s recent EU membership referendum. Scholars, students and members of the general public with an interest in the future of the Eurozone will find this work thought-provoking, instructive and highly informative.

Europe and the Euro

Author: Alberto Alesina,Francesco Giavazzi

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226012859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 624

View: 344

It is rare for countries to give up their currencies and thus their ability to influence such critical aspects of their economies as interest and exchange rates. Yet ten years ago a number of European countries did exactly that when they adopted the euro. Despite some dissent, there were a number of arguments in favor of this policy change: it would facilitate exchange of goods, money, and people by decreasing costs; it would increase trade; and it would enhance efficiency and competitiveness at the international level. A decade is an ideal time frame over which to evaluate the success of the euro and whether it has lived up to expectations. To that aim, Europe and the Euro looks at a number of important issues, including the effects of the euro on reform of goods and labor markets; its influence on business cycles and trade among members; and whether the single currency has induced convergence or divergence in the economic performance of member countries. While adoption of the euro may not have met the expectations of its most optimistic proponents, the benefits have been many, and there is reason to believe that the euro is robust enough to survive recent economic shocks. This volume is an essential reference on the first ten years of the euro and the workings of a monetary union.


Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen

Author: Markus K. Brunnermeier,Harold James,Jean-Pierre Landau

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406712347

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 525

View: 8782

Etliche Beobachter sind der Ansicht, dass der Euro die aktuelle Krise nicht überleben wird. Anders die Ökonomen Markus Brunnermeier und Jean-Pierre Landau, ein Deutscher und ein Franzose, sowie der britische Wirtschaftshistoriker Harold James. Sie sehen ein Kernproblem des Euro in den unterschiedlichen Wirtschaftskulturen der Euroländer, insbesondere Deutschlands und Frankreichs, die es zu überwinden gilt. Seit der Eurokrise setzen die Mitgliedsländer wieder auf nationale Lösungen, statt gemeinsame Antworten auf die europäischen Probleme zu suchen. Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen ist entbrannt. Während das föderal geprägte Deutschland in der Fiskalpolitik auf starren Regeln beharrt, verlangt das zentralistische Frankreich Stimulusprogramme und eine flexible Handhabung, die den Regierungen Ermessensspielräume lässt. Für die Deutschen sind Finanzierungsengpässe vorwiegend auf Insolvenzprobleme zurückzuführen, die struktureller Reformen bedürfen, wogegen die Franzosen sie als temporäre Liquiditätsprobleme ansehen, die mit einer staatlichen Überbrückungsfinanzierung zu bewältigen sind. Dieses Buch plädiert für die Überwindung dieser Frontstellungen zugunsten einer gemeinsamen europäischen Wirtschaftskultur. Es verbindet ökonomische Analyse und ideengeschichtliche Reflexion und entwirft einen Fahrplan für Europas Zukunft.

The Idea of Europe

From Antiquity to the European Union

Author: Anthony Pagden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521795524

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 7220

The creation of the European Union and the progressive integration of the European states has raised serious questions about the existence of a distinctive European identity. Do the British share much in common with the French, or the French with the Danes? Will a unified Europe remain an economic and political possibility with no greater cultural or affective foundations? If there is something that distinguishes all Europeans, what is it, and how is it being changed by recent events? This book addresses these questions in essays ranging from ancient Greece to the end of the twentieth century. Their authors come from different intellectual backgrounds and represent differing intellectual traditions. They discuss questions of politics, religion, commerce, law, language, literature and affectivity. Taken together, they provide a powerful insight into the historical origins of the idea of Europe and into the future of the European Union.

The End of the Euro

The Uneasy Future of the European Union

Author: Johan Van Overtveldt

Publisher: Agate Publishing

ISBN: 193284161X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 637

Johan Van Overtveldt provides comprehensive documentation showing that the political dithering so apparent in the most recent euro crisis has in fact been the hallmark of the euro project from the start. --Anil Kashyap, Edward Eagle Brown Professor of Economics and Finance, The University of Chicago Booth School of Business From noted economic journalist Johan Van Overtveldt, an up-to-the-minute examination of the fate of the Euro. In a process that began with the Maastricht Treaty of 1991 and concluded on January 1, 1999, 11 Western European countries made the euro the European Union's single currency, and the European Central Bank (ECB) the EU's only policy-making central bank. Bringing together Germany, France, Italy, and other European countries into a monetary union with a single currency and a single monetary policy could only ever result in major imbalances between the member countries, thus threatening the EU itself. This was recognized from the start by many economists and other observers, and the political elite paid elaborate lip service to these warnings. However, no one really followed up on these risks in terms of actions and reforms. Instead, the politicians seemed to indicate, directly and indirectly, that if the EU showed unity, the conditions to turn itself into a well-functioning monetary union would simply come about automatically. Moreover, given the imperative to work together more closely, the monetary-union effort would strengthen the political union among the euro-countries. Thus, in spirit, the process of monetary union was often seen as a means to an end. With that reasoning, the political elite supervising monetary union turned a great idea--the creation of a unified currency for Europe--into a huge gamble. Implicit in their reasoning was the idea that Europe's leading politicians would always be able to come up with an adequate solution to any crisis that might occur. As the former Belgian prime minister and European Union leader Jean-Luc Dehaene repeated relentlessly: "The idea of a unified Europe grows and becomes reality through crises. We need crises to make progress." Dehaene and like-minded European politicians never seriously considered the possibility of an insoluble, catastrophic crisis that could potentially crash the entire EU effort. For ten years, from 1999 to 2008, it seemed that the politicians' claim was vindicated. Although there was little substantial progress toward real political union within the euro area, the euro and the euro countries in general prospered, despite a string of major shocks like the bursting of the dotcom bubble, the 9/11 terrorist attacks, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. But things changed dramatically with the financial crisis of 2007-2008. In January 2009 Barry Eichengreen, professor of economics and political science at Berkeley, wrote that "what started as the Subprime Crisis in 2007 and morphed in the Global Credit Crisis in 2008 has become the Euro Crisis in 2009." After its immediate impact, the crisis caused the financial and capital markets to worry about the so-called sovereign risks, i.e. countries running the risk of becoming insolvent. Although budget deficits in countries like the United States and the United Kingdom were much larger than the aggregate data for the euro area, markets started to home in on the risks posed by countries inside the European monetary union. Markets recognized that the enormous problem facing everyone in the union was the long-term working of the monetary union itself. Eichengreen's "Euro Crisis" is all about the sustainability of EMU and the single currency. By early 2009 the structural imbalances within the euro area and especially the untenable situations building up in Greece, Portugal, Spain, and Ireland were there for everybody to see. The first reaction of the political leadership was denial of any structural problem whatsoever. The second reaction was recognition of the crisis situation, but absolute denial of any link between that crisis and the workings of the monetary union. Eventually, a third phase set in: the search for external villains to blame. Those villains were found in the greed, speculation, and irresponsibility of the financial markets. As the French saying goes: "les excuses sont fait pour s'en server" ("excuses are made to take advantage of"). Fundamentally, however, the gigantic problems facing the EMU, and the euro as a currency, have little to do with either alleged criminal behavior in the financial markets or with the financial crisis of 2007-2009. The crisis of 2009-2010 was an accident waiting to happen. It could have happened earlier, or the clash could have been postponed for several more years; but given the the basic characteristics of the EMU-set-up, a major crisis was simply unavoidable. Untenable imbalances within the monetary union were enshrined in the different treaties, pacts, and political agreements that led to the creation of the euro in the first place, and guided its first ten years. That politicians never acted on this reality to make them the prime culprits of the long and highly painful death agony of the euro. The structure of this book is as follows: Chapter I gives an overview of the birth of the euro. Understanding this history is essential to understand the anomalies built into the project from the beginning. These anomalies form the subject of Chapter II, along with an analysis of how they led to the situation that turned Greece, Portugal, and Spain into euro-destroying economic disaster areas. Chapter III shows how this was not an unforeseeable situation, as Europe's history is filled with earlier failed attempts to build monetary unions. Chapter IV is focused on Germany, by far the most important country within EMU, and why the chances of Germany leaving the union are much higher than is generally assumed. The book concludes with an analysis of what lies in wait for the remains of the monetary union--and for a deeply divided and troubled continent in general. Either the EMU transforms itself fundamentally or it disintegrates, and the likeliest outcome is the latter.


The New Europe and Its Challenge to America

Author: Stephen Haseler

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860648434

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 3357

With the Euro successfully launched and the prospect of the formation of a European army, Europe is now a recognisable political entity on the world scene. Haseler claims it is on the verge of being a super-state. He examines its emergence and how it will inevitably rival the United States.

Emerging Europe and the Great Recession

Author: Daniel Dăianu

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527518418

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 9239

This volume adds to the existing literature on the Great Recession and the variety of current troubles in the European Union by providing the views of someone who has been in the trenches at national and international levels and who has extensive policy and academic experience. Furthermore, it deals, inter alia, with issues of huge importance such as “North-South” and “East-West” cleavages in the EU, problems in the Eurozone, the diminishing resilience of systems, and the rise of a “New Protectionism”. The book voices concerns and dilemmas from the perspective of new EU Member States in a period of “radical uncertainty” and painful policy trade-offs. Its underlying paradigm is that markets are essential for entrepreneurship and economic dynamism, but that market failures and global finance can cause a lot of misery in society unless they are reined in. This volume will be of interest to all those looking for insights into the challenges that the EU, the Eurozone, and emerging European economies have faced during the past decade and on what may lie ahead. Its target audience is policy-making and business circles, academia, research outfits, and NGOs.

Architects of the Euro

Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union

Author: Kenneth Dyson,Ivo Maes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019873591X


Page: 328

View: 8525

Who were key figures in the making of European monetary union? Which ideas did they contribute to ensuring that monetary union would be sustainable? How prescient were they in identifying the necessary and sufficient foundations of a sustainable monetary union? This book provides the first systematic historical examination of key architects of European monetary union in the period before its launch in 1999. Using original archival and interview research, it investigates the intellectual and career backgrounds of these architects, their networking skills, and their own doubts and reservations about the way in which monetary union was being constructed. In the light of the later Euro Area, Architects of the Euro deals critically with not just their contribution to the making of European monetary union but also their legacy. The book brings together a distinguished group of scholars working on the history of Economic and Monetary Union.


A Reader

Author: Ronald Tiersky

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742510548

Category: Law

Page: 316

View: 7284

An anthology of skeptical viewpoints of European integration has long been missing, yet the need for students to have a spectrum of opinion on the EU has never been greater. As the new European currency's exchange rate plunged throughout the first two years of its existence and the Danes voted against joining up, this reader provides a timely corrective to the dominant view of 'Euro-success.' Exploring the underreported and often mischaracterized 'Euro-skeptic' side of arguments over the goals and methods of European integration, the text presents a selection of the key sources necessary to understand European politics on the ground today. Ron Tiersky brings together here 'Euro-skeptic, ' 'Euro-pessimistic, ' and 'Euro-phobic' speeches, essays, and other documents that illustrate the range of both mainstream and extremist opposition to the European Union. Balancing against the integrationist goal of federalism, the book gives a full airing to the national sovereignty and national identity-based arguments against union and shows how Euro-skepticism finds a place on both the right and the lef

The Euro

The Battle for the New Global Currency

Author: David Marsh

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300173903

Category: Euro

Page: 352

View: 4120

This book is the first comprehensive political and economic account of the birth and development of the Euro. Today the Euro is the supranational currency for sixteen European countries and the world's second-largest reserve currency. David Marsh tells the story of the rivalries, intrigues, and deal making that brought about a currency for Europe, and he analyzes the achievements and shortcomings of its first decade of existence. While the Euro represents a remarkable triumph of political will, great pressures are building on the single currency. Drawing on more than 100 interviews with leading figures associated with the Euro, and scores of secret documents from international archives, Marsh underscores the Euro's importance for the global economy, in particular for U.S. and British economic and political agendas. Hidden facts and fresh insights from "The Euro" --How the legacy of France and Germany's tortuous relations affects the Euro--Why the United Kingdom is unlikely to accept the Euro before 2025--The impact on the Euro of the U.S. credit crisis--How the Euro has rebounded against the aspirations of its founders--How Italy and Spain have massively lost competitiveness--Why radical changes must be adopted to prevent a European upheaval

Der Preis der Ungleichheit

Wie die Spaltung der Gesellschaft unsere Zukunft bedroht

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 364109819X

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 3767

Viele Arme, wenige Reiche - Warum die wachsende Ungleichheit uns alle angeht Die Ungleichheit in der Welt nimmt zu: Immer weniger Menschen häufen immer größeren Reichtum an, während die Zahl der Armen wächst und die Mittelschicht vom Abstieg bedroht ist. Doch diese Entwicklung, so zeigt Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz in seinem neuen Bestseller, ist keine zwangsläufige Folge einer freien Marktwirtschaft, sondern Ergebnis einer globalisierten Ökonomie, die zunehmend vom reichsten einen Prozent der Bevölkerung beherrscht wird.

The Trader's Guide to the Euro Area

Economic Indicators, the ECB and the Euro Crisis

Author: David J. Powell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118440048

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 9755

The euro area remains in a state of flux and appears to be unsustainable in its present form. The outcome of the crisis may be unknown for years and a judgement on the project’s success or failure may be out of reach for decades. In the meantime, analysts, portfolio managers and traders will still have daily, weekly, quarterly and annual benchmarks. They will have to analyze economic developments in the euro area and their impacts on financial assets. The objective of this book is to provide a framework for that analysis that is comprehensible to most financial market participants. The book begins with a focus on coincident and leading economic indicators for the euro area. The following section looks at euro-area institutions. The next chapter focuses on the euro crisis. It attempts to provide an explanation of its origins and a glimpse of the potential outcomes. In addition, the tools needed to analyze the crisis as it evolves are presented. The last sections provide information unique to the economies of Germany, France, the U.K., Switzerland, Sweden and Norway.


Greece, the Euro and the Sovereign Debt Crisis

Author: Matthew Lynn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119990680

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2502

In 2001, Greece saw its application for membership into the Eurozone accepted, and the country sat down to the greatest free lunch in economic history. However, the coming years of global economic prosperity would lead to unrestrained spending, cheap borrowing, and a failure to implement financial reform, leaving the country massively exposed to a financial crisis—which duly struck. In Bust: Greece, the Euro, and the Sovereign Debt Crisis, Bloomberg columnist Matthew Lynn explores Greece's spectacular rise and fall from grace and the global repercussions of its financial disaster. Page by page, he provides a thrilling account of the Greek financial crisis, drawing out its origins, how it escalated, and its implications for a fragile global economy. Along the way, Lynn looks at how the Greek contagion has spread like wildfire throughout Europe and explores how government ineptitude as well as financial speculators compounded the problem. Blending financial history, politics, and current affairs, Lynn skillfully tells the story of how one nation rode the wave of economic prosperity and brought a continent, a currency, and, potentially, the global financial system to its knees. Lively, engaging, and thought provoking, Bust reminds us just how interconnected the world really is.

The Economics of Europe and the European Union

Author: Larry Neal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462776

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 2077

This distinctive textbook combines comprehensive coverage of the key policy areas of the European Union with analysis of individual countries, including the recent accession countries and Turkey. Part I analyzes the economic bases for the rise of the European Union from its origins in the post-World War II recovery to its historic enlargement in 2004. Part II takes up the different nation-state perspectives on the EU's economic policies by looking in turn at all European countries, whether members of the EU or not. The book is unique in providing both an EU perspective and European nation-state perspective on the major policy issues which have arisen since the end of World War II, as well as putting the economic analysis into an historical narrative which emphasizes the responses of policy-makers to external shocks such as the Cold War, the oil shocks, German reunification, and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The Europe Dilemma

Britain and the Drama of EU Integration

Author: Roger Liddle

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780762232

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1759

What is Britain's future in Europe? This book revisits an old argument but for dramatically new times. The old argument is about Britain's 'semi-detachedness' from Europe and whether that posture could ever change. The new times are the crisis in the Eurozone and its wider impact on the European Union's future. While logic may point to deeper integration, the politics associated with the EU's problems make this a significant and possibly insurmountable challenge. Where should Britain stand? What future should Britain want for the EU? And how important is continued membership of the EU for Britain's future? This book offers new answers to these questions from the perspective of an author who has combined experience both at the heart of the British Government, as Tony Blair's European adviser and with years of understanding Europe from the inside - working at a senior level in the European Commission. This book will be essential reading for anyone interested in the future of British and European politics.

Public Debt Dynamics of Europe and the U.S.

Author: Dimitris N. Chorafas

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124200273

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 6803

Public Debt Dynamics of Europe and the U.S., provides the evidence and implications of current policies by sovereigns and central banks, in dealing with the debt abyss. It brings in perspective the diversity of opinion reigning in modern economics and finance and outlines the themes which, among themselves, are defining the society in which we live. Our epoch has accepted the theory that leveraging is good for a person, a company or even a nation. This has led to the debt syndrome and its disastrous aftereffects. Throughout the book evidence emerges that piling up public debt can lead to an unmitigated disaster. This is demonstrated through case studies on Greece, Spain, Italy, France and the United States – in short, those western countries that nowadays have lost control of their senses and of their economy. This book uses real life examples, using case studies as evidence of good and bad approaches to social, economic and financial life. Live events also help as undisputable demonstrators of successes and failures in the search for solutions in getting out of the hole western governments find themselves. As Denis Healey, a former British chancellor of the Exchequer, once said: “The first law of holes is that if you are in one stop digging. Provides insight and implications on the current policies of sovereigns and central banks Uses real life practical examples and case studies on Greece, Spain, Italy, France and the United States Examines developing countries, particularly BRICS, and their exposure to debt Focuses on public health and the effects it has on the economy

European Monetary Integration

The Euro

Author: George K. Zestos

Publisher: South-Western Pub

ISBN: 9780324317879

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 3501

In EUROPEAN MONETARY INTEGRATION: THE EURO, you'll find a complete overview of European economic and monetary integration along with an investigation of the euro's impact on both the European and global economy, and the issues surrounding its introduction.

The Euro: How a Common Currency Threatens the Future of Europe

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393254038

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 4096

Can Europe prosper without the euro? In 2010, the 2008 global financial crisis morphed into the “eurocrisis.” It has not abated. The 19 countries of Europe that share the euro currency—the eurozone—have been rocked by economic stagnation and debt crises. Some countries have been in depression for years while the governing powers of the eurozone have careened from emergency to emergency, most notably in Greece. In The Euro, Nobel Prize–winning economist and best-selling author Joseph E. Stiglitz dismantles the prevailing consensus around what ails Europe, demolishing the champions of austerity while offering a series of plans that can rescue the continent—and the world—from further devastation. Hailed by its architects as a lever that would bring Europe together and promote prosperity, the euro has done the opposite. As Stiglitz persuasively argues, the crises revealed the shortcomings of the euro. Europe’s stagnation and bleak outlook are a direct result of the fundamental challenges in having a diverse group of countries share a common currency—the euro was flawed at birth, with economic integration outpacing political integration. Stiglitz shows how the current structure promotes divergence rather than convergence. The question then is: Can the euro be saved? After laying bare the European Central Bank’s misguided inflation-only mandate and explaining how eurozone policies, especially toward the crisis countries, have further exposed the zone’s flawed design, Stiglitz outlines three possible ways forward: fundamental reforms in the structure of the eurozone and the policies imposed on the member countries; a well-managed end to the single-currency euro experiment; or a bold, new system dubbed the “flexible euro.” With its lessons for globalization in a world economy ever more deeply connected, The Euro is urgent and essential reading.