EU Anti-Discrimination Law

Author: Evelyn Ellis,Philippa Watson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191649473

Category: Law

Page: 576

View: 8788

EU Anti-Discrimination Law provides a detailed and critical analysis of the corpus of European Union law prohibiting discrimination on the grounds of sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age, and sexual orientation. It takes into account the changes brought about by the Treaty of Lisbon and contains a thorough examination of the relevant case law of the Court of Justice of the EU. The book examines the background to the legislation and explains the essential characteristics and doctrines of EU law and their relevancy to the topic of anti-discrimination. It also analyses the increasingly significant general principles of EU law, the Charter of Fundamental Rights, and the relevant law flowing from the European Convention on Human Rights. The key concepts contained in anti-discrimination law are subjected to close scrutiny. The substantive provisions of the law on equal pay and the workplace and non-workplace provisions of the governing Directives are similarly examined, as are the numerous exceptions permitted to them. The complex rules governing the rights of pregnant women and those who have recently given birth are dealt with comprehensively and in a separate chapter. Equality in social security schemes is also discussed. The book concludes with an assessment of the practical utility of the existing law and the current proposals for its reform.
Release

European Union Non-Discrimination Law and Intersectionality

Investigating the Triangle of Racial, Gender and Disability Discrimination

Author: Anna Lawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317139216

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 5161

This book contributes to a critical reflection of current legislative and jurisprudential developments in Non-Discrimination Law, focusing on the European Union. The book is focused on intersectionality between gender, race and disability and the question of whether, and to what extent, this intersection can be adequately addressed in (EU) law. The discussion rests on two basic assumptions. First, the multiplication of 'discrimination grounds' in EU law and other legal regimes should not result in a dilution of the demands of equality law. Accordingly, the book focuses on the three key grounds - race, gender and disability. These constitute nodes around which other discrimination grounds can be grouped. Second, any multi-ground non-discrimination law framework needs to engage with the question of discrimination on several grounds. This book provides a critical evaluation of some of the problems presented by such intersectionality and an opportunity to explore the issues in depth. This collection offers some new proposals relating to the regrouping of identity categories and to the general approach to socio-legal research in the field. It also contains a comparative section, which expands on practical experiences with intersectionality and law, and a section dedicated to juridical responses to intersectionality. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers, academics and those working in the area of EU non-discrimination law and policy.
Release

Anti-discrimination Law and the European Union

Author: Mark Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199244502

Category: Law

Page: 269

View: 4657

This book provides a timely and topical overview of recent developments in EU anti-discrimination law. Examining in particular discrimination on the grounds of race and sexual orientation, it provides an account of the debate within the institutions and Member States, analysis of relevant case law from the Court of Justice, and coverage of the anti-discrimination directives adopted in 2001.
Release

EU Anti-Discrimination Law beyond Gender

Author: Uladzislau Belavusau,Kristin Henrard

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509915028

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 3349

The EU has slowly but surely developed a solid body of equality law that prohibits different facets of discrimination. While the Union had initially developed anti-discrimination norms that served only the commercial rationale of the common market, focusing on nationality (of a Member State) and gender as protected grounds, the Treaty of Amsterdam (1997) supplied five additional prohibited grounds of discrimination to the EU legislative palette, in line with a much broader egalitarian rationale. In 2000, two EU Equality Directives followed, one focusing on race and ethnic origin, the other covering the remaining four grounds introduced by the Treaty of Amsterdam, namely religion, sexual orientation, disabilities and age. Eighteen years after the adoption of the watershed Equality Directives, it seems timely to dedicate a book to their limits and prospects, to look at the progress made, and to revisit the rise of EU anti-discrimination law beyond gender. This volume sets out to capture the striking developments and shortcomings that have taken place in the interpretation of relevant EU secondary law. Firstly, the book unfolds an up-to-date systematic reappraisal of the five 'newer' grounds of discrimination, which have so far received mostly fragmented coverage. Secondly, and more generally, the volume captures how and to what extent the Equality Directives have enabled or, at times, prevented the Court of Justice of the European Union from developing even broader and more refined anti-discrimination jurisprudence. Thus, the book offers a glimpse into the past, present and – it is hoped – future of EU anti-discrimination law as, despite all the flaws in the Union's 'Garden of Earthly Delights', it offers one of the highest standards of protection in comparative anti-discrimination law.
Release

European Union Non-Discrimination Law

Comparative Perspectives on Multidimensional Equality Law

Author: Dagmar Schiek,Victoria Chege

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134049323

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 5462

EU equality law is multidimensional in being based on different rationales and concepts. Consequently, the concept of discrimination has become fragmented, with different instruments envisaging different scopes of protection. This raises questions as to the ability of EU law to address the situation of persons excluded on a number of grounds. This edited collection addresses the increasing complexity of European Equality Law from jurisprudential, sociological and political science perspectives. Internationally renowned researchers from Scandinavian, Continental and Central European countries and Britain analyse consequences of multiplying discrimination grounds within EU equality law, considering its multidimensionality and intersectionality. The contributors to the volume theorise the move from formal to substantive equality law and its interrelation to new forms of governance, demonstrating the specific combination of non-discrimination law with welfare state models which reveal the global implications of the European Union. The book will be of interest to academics and policy makers all over the world, in particular to those researching and studying law, political sciences and sociology with an interest in human rights, non discrimination law, contract and employment law or European studies.
Release

The Law on Age Discrimination in the EU

Author: Malcolm Sargeant

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041125221

Category: Law

Page: 241

View: 2163

The EC Directive establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation covers a number of grounds of discrimination including age. The EU's population is ageing, but there is much evidence that age discrimination is widespread. The Directive is a reaction to that and the consequent desire to encourage greater participation in the labour market by older workers. This is the first time that age discrimination has been made unlawful by the EU and, as a result, there are now laws in every Member State making such discrimination unlawful. The Directive, and much of the national legislation, however, treats age discrimination differently to the other grounds for unlawful discrimination. It is the only area which permits direct discrimination. Age discrimination generally may still be objectively justified by a legitimate aim if the means of achieving that aim are appropriate and necessary. Such aims include legitimate employment policy, labour market, and vocational training objectives. This insightful book--written by national experts in eight Member States and at the EU level--considers the ways in which the Directive has been implemented in some of the Member States and the extent to which they have taken advantage of the exceptions that are inherent in the Directive. Particular issues that are covered are: * what legislation has been adopted in each country * the development of the case law that exists in some States * the demographic imperative existing in each country * measures taken to improve the position of young people * retirement and the exit from the workforce of older workers * the approach and case law of the European Court of Justice As an important contribution towards an understanding of age discrimination within the European Union, this book opens a field of law that has heretofore not been considered in all its seriousness. It will be of real value to lawyers, human resource management professionals, and those with an interest in discrimination and EU issues. It is an important contribution to what will be a developing field of study
Release

Age Discrimination Law in Europe

Author: Nicky ten Bokum,Paul Bartelings

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041131310

Category: Law

Page: 401

View: 4213

Mit einem Kapitel zur Schweiz.
Release

Frauen und Macht

Ein Manifest

Author: Mary Beard

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104909199

Category: Social Science

Page: 112

View: 9244

Das entscheidende Buch zur großen aktuellen Debatte Feminismus, Gleichberechtigung und #MeToo: Ein leidenschaftlicher Aufruf an Frauen, sich jetzt die Macht zu nehmen. Das Buch, das weltweit Furore macht! Spiegel-Bestseller und Nr. 1-Bestseller in Großbritannien. Mary Beard ist eine der führenden Intellektuellen weltweit. Die Historikerin hat zahlreiche Bestseller geschrieben. Immer wieder mischt sie sich leidenschaftlich, streitbar und humorvoll in aktuelle Debatten ein. Frauenfeindlichkeit und Sexismus sind Themen, die sie seit langem begleiten – auch persönlich – und die sie nicht müde wird anzuprangern. »Ein kraftvolles Manifest.« New York Times »Ein moderner feministischer Klassiker.« The Observer »Mary Beard zeigt, wie Frauenfeindlichkeit funktioniert und warum sie sich so hartnäckig hält.« The Guardian »Ein unwiderstehlicher Aufruf an Frauen, sich zu Wort zu melden, Macht zu nutzen und neu zu definieren.« People Magazine
Release

Grundrechte und Grundfreiheiten im Mehrebenensystem – Konkurrenzen und Interferenzen

Author: Nele Matz-Lück,Mathias Hong

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642246818

Category: Law

Page: 394

View: 3555

Der Band widmet sich in acht Beiträgen den vielfältigen Wechselwirkungen des Schutzes von Grundrechten und Grundfreiheiten im europäischen Mehrebenensystem aus nationalen Verfassungen, Europäischer Menschenrechtskonvention und dem Recht der Europäischen Union. Zu Konkurrenzen und Interferenzen kommt es sowohl innerhalb dieses Mehrebenensystems als auch in seinem Verhältnis zu anderen Staaten und zu internationalen Organisationen wie etwa den Vereinten Nationen. Die Interdependenzen der verschiedenen Ebenen begründen vielgestaltige neue rechtsdogmatische und methodische Herausforderungen. Vor dem Hintergrund der Frage, wie sich die rechtlichen Anforderungen der verschiedenen Ebenen in Einklang bringen lassen, entwickeln die Beiträge zum einen Konturen eines Grundrechtskollisionsrechts für vernetzte Rechtsordnungen. Zum anderen werden die allgemeinen Erkenntnisse durch Untersuchungen von Referenzgebieten bereichsspezifisch konkretisiert.
Release

Religion und Moral

Entkoppelt oder Verknüpft?

Author: Gert Pickel,Michael Krüggeler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322949443

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 7963

Religion wurde seit jeher als eine zentrale Begründung moralischer Prinzipien gehandelt. Im Rahmen der fortschreitenden Modernisierung scheint diese Verbindung brüchig zu werden. Empirisch sind nicht nur immer wieder eine (Re-) Modernisierung der Religion, sondern auch erneute religiöse Fundierungen von Moral zu beobachten. Wie ist nun die Beziehung zwischen Religion und Moral konstituiert? Sind religiös-moralische Bedingungszusammenhänge überhaupt in der Realität institutionalisiert und empirisch feststellbar? Verfällt die Moral in und durch ein Auseinanderdriften zu religiösen Überzeugungen? Entsprechend der Themenstellung, wird ein interdisziplinärer Zugang gewählt, der ausgehend von religionssoziologischen Gedanken, Auseinandersetzungen mit dem Thema in der Philosophie, Pädagogik und Theologie berücksichtigt. Neben der theoretischen Diskussion der Beziehungen von Religion und Moral, werden (auch methodisch) verschiedene Analysen zu der Aufdeckung und näheren Betrachtung dieser Wechselbeziehungen in verschiedenen europäischen Gesellschaften vorgelegt.
Release

The EU Race Directive

Developing the Protection against Racial Discrimination within the EU

Author: Erica Howard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135235775

Category: Law

Page: 238

View: 4000

In 2000, the European Union adopted a Directive against discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin. This book provides an in-depth evaluation of the Race Directive and its effects, questioning how successful the Race directive has been. The EU Race Directive discusses the history of the fight against racial discrimination in the EU and the equality clauses in international Human Rights instruments. It then examines the terms race, racism and racial discrimination and equality in the Directive. The book also looks at the concepts of equality which can be distinguished in the Race Directive and in the subsequent developments at EU level. Examining whether the Directive has improved the protection against racial or ethnic origin discrimination for people within the EU, the book concludes with an assessment of how far the EU has come on the road to racial equality with the adoption of the Race Directive and the subsequent developments. It also contains proposals for possible improvements. The comprehensive and up-to-date analysis in this book goes beyond most other books written on the subject and the specific focus on racism and racial discrimination means a more thorough examination than most texts focusing on discrimination on a larger number of grounds. This book will be of great value to students and academics in (European) law, social sciences and human rights, researching racism, racial discrimination, ethnicity and race relations. It will also be useful for policy makers.
Release

The Principle of Equality in EU Law

Author: Lucia Serena Rossi,Federico Casolari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331966137X

Category: Law

Page: 316

View: 6906

This book provides a comprehensive and updated legal analysis of the equality principle in EU law. To this end, it argues for a broad definition of the principle, which includes not only its inter-individual dimension, but also the equality of the Member States before the EU Treaties. The book presents a collection of high-quality academic and expert contributions, which, in light of the most recent developments in implementing the post-Lisbon legal framework, reflect the current interpretation of the equality principle, examining its performance in practice with a view to suggesting possible solutions in order to overcome recurring problems. To this end the volume is divided into three Parts, the first of which addresses a peculiar aspect of the EU equality that is mostly overlooked in the investigations devoted to this topic, namely, equality among States. Part II shifts to the inter-individual dimension of equality and explores some major developments contributing to (re)shaping the global framework of EU anti-discrimination law, while Part III undertakes a more practical investigation devoted to the substantive strands of that area of EU law.
Release

Verbraucherleitbilder

Europäische und Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven

Author: Fabian Klinck,Karl Riesenhuber,Professor and Chair for Civil Law German and European Economic Law Karl Riesenhuber

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110363630

Category:

Page: 216

View: 8581

Politicians, legislators, academics, and consumer lawyers all base their regulatory interventions on a particular concept of the consumer. These proceedings of the General Concept of the Consumer conference aim to provide an up-to-date inventory of interdisciplinary and comparative foundations and to stimulate further dialogue on consumer models, both within and between disciplines.
Release

Die globale sexuelle Revolution

Zerstörung der Freiheit im Namen der Freiheit

Author: Gabriele Kuby

Publisher: Fe-Medienverlag

ISBN: 3863570790

Category: Religion

Page: 456

View: 3938

Die globale sexuelle Revolution, vorangetrieben von UN und EU, hat sich zunächst hinter dem Rücken der Öffentlichkeit in Politik, Institutionen und Ausbildungseinrichtungen eingeschlichen. Inzwischen ist daraus längst ein gewaltiges gesellschaftliches Umerziehungsprogramm geworden, welches die Voraussetzungen einer freiheitlichen Gesellschaft zerstört und zunehmend totalitäre Züge annimmt. In diesem Buch lesen Sie, was man heute nicht mehr sagen darf über • UN und EU als Betreiber der sexuellen Revolution • die große Umerziehung zum sexualisierten Gender-Menschen • die politische Vergewaltigung der Sprache • die Seuche der Pornografie • die Homosexuellen-Bewegung • Sex-Erziehung in Schule und Kindergarten • die schiefe Ebene zum Totalitarismus im neuen Gewand "Dass Gabriele Kuby den Mut hat, die Bedrohung unserer Freiheit durch eine antihumanistische Ideologie beim Namen zu nennen, bringt ihr möglicherweise Feindseligkeit, ja sogar Hetze ein. Sie hat stattdessen für ihre Aufklärungsarbeit unser aller Dank verdient. Möglichst viele Menschen sollten dieses Buch lesen, um aufmerksam zu werden, was auf sie zukommt, wenn sie sich nicht wehren". (Aus dem Geleitwort von Prof. Robert Spaemann)
Release

Experimentalist Governance in the European Union

Towards a New Architecture

Author: Charles F. Sabel,Jonathan Zeitlin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191610186

Category: Political Science

Page: 386

View: 3475

This book advances a novel interpretation of EU governance. Its central claim is that the EU's regulatory successes within-and increasingly beyond-its borders rest on the emergence of a recursive process of framework rule making and revision by European and national actors across a wide range of policy domains. In this architecture, framework goals and measures for gauging their achievement are established by joint action of the Member States and EU institutions. Lower-level units are given the freedom to advance these ends as they see fit. But in return for this autonomy, they must report regularly on their performance and participate in a peer review in which their results are compared with those of others pursuing different means to the same general ends. The framework goals, performance measures, and decision-making procedures are themselves periodically revised by the actors, including new participants whose views come to be seen as indispensable to full and fair deliberation. The editors' introduction sets out the core features of this experimentalist architecture and contrasts it to conventional interpretations of EU governance, especially the principal-agent conceptions underpinning many contemporary theories of democratic sovereignty and effective, legitimate law making. Subsequent chapters by an interdisciplinary group of European and North American scholars explore the architecture's applicability across a series of key policy domains, including data privacy, financial market regulation, energy, competition, food safety, GMOs, environmental protection, anti-discrimination, fundamental rights, justice and home affairs, and external relations. Their authoritative studies show both how recent developments often take an experimentalist turn but also admit of multiple, contrasting interpretations or leave open the possibility of reversion to more familiar types of governance. The results will be indispensable for all those concerned with the nature of the EU and its contribution to contemporary governance beyond the nation-state.
Release

Racism and Equality in the European Union

Author: Mark Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199297843

Category: Law

Page: 227

View: 6434

Mark Bell explores the effect of anti-racism policies in topical areas of EU law and policy including employment, social inclusion, immigration, and the criminal law.
Release

Taking Employment Discrimination Seriously

Chinese and European Perspectives

Author: Yuwen Li,J. E. Goldschmidt

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004177175

Category: Law

Page: 306

View: 3675

Employment discrimination is present in any society. However, this severe social problem has escalated in the post-Mao era in China. The imbalance between supply and demand in the labour market, combined with a lack of general consciousness regarding labour rights, have contributed to the swift spread of discrimination. This book contains the most recent research on the reality of discrimination in China, and advocates for effective employment equality protection through law and specialised equality institutions. The study of equal treatment in the legal systems of the EU illustrates the important contribution law, together with general policies, can make to the improvement of equality in employment. While both systems face a distinctive range and degree of problems, employment discrimination ought to be taken seriously in China and the countries of the EU.
Release