Essential Mathematics and Statistics for Forensic Science

Author: Craig Adam

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119964180

Category: Medical

Page: 366

View: 8438

This text is an accessible, student-friendly introduction to the wide range of mathematical and statistical tools needed by the forensic scientist in the analysis, interpretation and presentation of experimental measurements. From a basis of high school mathematics, the book develops essential quantitative analysis techniques within the context of a broad range of forensic applications. This clearly structured text focuses on developing core mathematical skills together with an understanding of the calculations associated with the analysis of experimental work, including an emphasis on the use of graphs and the evaluation of uncertainties. Through a broad study of probability and statistics, the reader is led ultimately to the use of Bayesian approaches to the evaluation of evidence within the court. In every section, forensic applications such as ballistics trajectories, post-mortem cooling, aspects of forensic pharmacokinetics, the matching of glass evidence, the formation of bloodstains and the interpretation of DNA profiles are discussed and examples of calculations are worked through. In every chapter there are numerous self-assessment problems to aid student learning. Its broad scope and forensically focused coverage make this book an essential text for students embarking on any degree course in forensic science or forensic analysis, as well as an invaluable reference for post-graduate students and forensic professionals. Key features: Offers a unique mix of mathematics and statistics topics, specifically tailored to a forensic science undergraduate degree. All topics illustrated with examples from the forensic science discipline. Written in an accessible, student-friendly way to engage interest and enhance learning and confidence. Assumes only a basic high-school level prior mathematical knowledge.
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Introduction to Statistics for Forensic Scientists

Author: David Lucy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118700104

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 3533

Introduction to Statistics for Forensic Scientists is an essential introduction to the subject, gently guiding the reader through the key statistical techniques used to evaluate various types of forensic evidence. Assuming only a modest mathematical background, the book uses real-life examples from the forensic science literature and forensic case-work to illustrate relevant statistical concepts and methods. Opening with a brief overview of the history and use of statistics within forensic science, the text then goes on to introduce statistical techniques commonly used to examine data obtained during laboratory experiments. There is a strong emphasis on the evaluation of scientific observation as evidence and modern Bayesian approaches to interpreting forensic data for the courts. The analysis of key forms of evidence are discussed throughout with a particular focus on DNA, fibres and glass. An invaluable introduction to the statistical interpretation of forensic evidence; this book will be invaluable for all undergraduates taking courses in forensic science. Introduction to the key statistical techniques used in the evaluation of forensic evidence Includes end of chapter exercises to enhance student understanding Numerous examples taken from forensic science to put the subject into context
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Essentials of Mathematical Statistics

Author: Brian Albright

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 144968534X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 594

View: 8747

This text combines the topics generally found in main-stream elementary statistics books with the essentials of the underlying theory. The book begins with an axiomatic treatment of probability followed by chapters on discrete and continuous random variables and their associated distributions. It then introduces basic statistical concepts including summarizing data and interval parameter estimation, stressing the connection between probability and statistics. Final chapters introduce hypothesis testing, regression, and non-parametric techniques. All chapters provide a balance between conceptual understanding and theoretical understanding of the topics at hand.
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Maths and Statistics for Business

Author: Michelle Lawson,Stephanie Hubbard,Paul Pugh

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 9780582231870

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 293

View: 9403

Maths and Statistics for Business is specifically written for non-mathematicians who need an introduction to elementary mathematical and statistical techniques for their business course. Through worked examples, highlighted key points and self-assessment questions, the book demonstrates how these techniques are applied in the business environment. Ideal for all business-related foundation, degree and diploma courses involving statistics and maths, such as business maths, statistics for business, introductory quantitative analysis and quantitative methods.
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A Mathematical Primer for Social Statistics

Author: John Fox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960800

Category: Mathematics

Page: 170

View: 7577

Beyond the introductory level, learning and effectively using statistical methods in the social sciences requires some knowledge of mathematics. This handy volume introduces the areas of mathematics that are most important to applied social statistics.
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Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Barry H. Cohen,R. Brooke Lea

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471480762

Category: Psychology

Page: 291

View: 1122

Master the essential statistical skills used in social and behavioral sciences Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences distills the overwhelming amount of material covered in introductory statistics courses into a handy, practical resource for students and professionals. This accessible guide covers basic to advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readable style. Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences guides you to a better understanding of basic concepts of statistical methods. Numerous practical tips are presented for selecting appropriate statistical procedures. In addition, this useful guide demonstrates how to evaluate and interpret statistical data, provides numerous formulas for calculating statistics from tables of summary statistics, and offers a variety of worked examples. As part of the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, this book offers a thorough review of the most relevant statistical concepts and techniques that will arm you with the tools you'll need for knowledgeable, informed practice. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as "Test Yourself" questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered.
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Math for Scientists

Refreshing the Essentials

Author: Natasha Maurits,Branislava Ćurčić-Blake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319573543

Category: Mathematics

Page: 233

View: 4072

This book reviews math topics relevant to non-mathematics students and scientists, but which they may not have seen or studied for a while. These math issues can range from reading mathematical symbols, to using complex numbers, dealing with equations involved in calculating medication equivalents, the General Linear Model (GLM) used in e.g. neuroimaging analysis, finding the minimum of a function, independent component analysis, or filtering approaches. Almost every student or scientist, will at some point run into mathematical formulas or ideas in scientific papers that may be hard to understand, given that formal math education may be some years ago. In this book we will explain the theory behind many of these mathematical ideas and expressions and provide readers with the tools to better understand them. We will revisit high school mathematics and extend and relate this to the mathematics you need to understand the math you may encounter in the course of your research. This book will help you understand the math and formulas in the scientific papers you read. To achieve this goal, each chapter mixes theory with practical pen-and-paper exercises such that you (re)gain experience with solving math problems yourself. Mnemonics will be taught whenever possible. To clarify the math and help readers apply it, each chapter provides real-world and scientific examples.
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Probability and Statistics for Computer Science

Author: James L. Johnson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118165969

Category: Mathematics

Page: 760

View: 7870

Comprehensive and thorough development of both probability and statistics for serious computer scientists; goal-oriented: "to present the mathematical analysis underlying probability results" Special emphases on simulation and discrete decision theory Mathematically-rich, but self-contained text, at a gentle pace Review of calculus and linear algebra in an appendix Mathematical interludes (in each chapter) which examine mathematical techniques in the context of probabilistic or statistical importance Numerous section exercises, summaries, historical notes, and Further Readings for reinforcement of content
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How to be a Quantitative Ecologist

The 'A to R' of Green Mathematics and Statistics

Author: Jason Matthiopoulos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119991724

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 5019

Ecological research is becoming increasingly quantitative, yet students often opt out of courses in mathematics and statistics, unwittingly limiting their ability to carry out research in the future. This textbook provides a practical introduction to quantitative ecology for students and practitioners who have realised that they need this opportunity. The text is addressed to readers who haven't used mathematics since school, who were perhaps more confused than enlightened by their undergraduate lectures in statistics and who have never used a computer for much more than word processing and data entry. From this starting point, it slowly but surely instils an understanding of mathematics, statistics and programming, sufficient for initiating research in ecology. The book’s practical value is enhanced by extensive use of biological examples and the computer language R for graphics, programming and data analysis. Key Features: Provides a complete introduction to mathematics statistics and computing for ecologists. Presents a wealth of ecological examples demonstrating the applied relevance of abstract mathematical concepts, showing how a little technique can go a long way in answering interesting ecological questions. Covers elementary topics, including the rules of algebra, logarithms, geometry, calculus, descriptive statistics, probability, hypothesis testing and linear regression. Explores more advanced topics including fractals, non-linear dynamical systems, likelihood and Bayesian estimation, generalised linear, mixed and additive models, and multivariate statistics. R boxes provide step-by-step recipes for implementing the graphical and numerical techniques outlined in each section. How to be a Quantitative Ecologist provides a comprehensive introduction to mathematics, statistics and computing and is the ideal textbook for late undergraduate and postgraduate courses in environmental biology. "With a book like this, there is no excuse for people to be afraid of maths, and to be ignorant of what it can do." —Professor Tim Benton, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, UK
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Statistics for Business and Financial Economics

Author: Cheng-Few Lee,John C. Lee,Alice C. Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461458978

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1206

View: 3635

Statistics for Business and Financial Economics, 3rd edition is the definitive Business Statistics book to use Finance, Economics, and Accounting data throughout the entire book. Therefore, this book gives students an understanding of how to apply the methodology of statistics to real world situations. In particular, this book shows how descriptive statistics, probability, statistical distributions, statistical inference, regression methods, and statistical decision theory can be used to analyze individual stock price, stock index, stock rate of return, market rate of return, and decision making. In addition, this book also shows how time-series analysis and the statistical decision theory method can be used to analyze accounting and financial data. In this fully-revised edition, the real world examples have been reconfigured and sections have been edited for better understanding of the topics. On the Springer page for the book, the solution manual, test bank and powerpoints are available for download.
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Chances Are

The Only Statistic Book You'll Ever Need

Author: Steve Slavin

Publisher: Madison Books

ISBN: 146162293X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 5290

Chances Are is the first book to make statistics accessible to everyone, regardless of how much math you remember from school.
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Calculus and Statistics

Author: Michael C. Gemignani

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151743

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 3598

Topics include applications of the derivative, sequences and series, the integral and continuous variates, discrete distributions, hypothesis testing, functions of several variables, and regression and correlation. 1970 edition. Includes 201 figures and 36 tables.
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Essential Mathematics for Economics and Business

Author: Teresa Bradley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118358295

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 688

View: 5450

Containing numerous worked examples and exercises, this text aims to help students improve their understanding of key concepts and to develop stronger mathematical skills.
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Optimal Sports Math, Statistics, and Fantasy

Author: Robert Kissell,James Poserina

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128052937

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 2921

Optimal Sports Math, Statistics, and Fantasy provides the sports community—students, professionals, and casual sports fans—with the essential mathematics and statistics required to objectively analyze sports teams, evaluate player performance, and predict game outcomes. These techniques can also be applied to fantasy sports competitions. Readers will learn how to: Accurately rank sports teams Compute winning probability Calculate expected victory margin Determine the set of factors that are most predictive of team and player performance Optimal Sports Math, Statistics, and Fantasy also illustrates modeling techniques that can be used to decode and demystify the mysterious computer ranking schemes that are often employed by post-season tournament selection committees in college and professional sports. These methods offer readers a verifiable and unbiased approach to evaluate and rank teams, and the proper statistical procedures to test and evaluate the accuracy of different models. Optimal Sports Math, Statistics, and Fantasy delivers a proven best-in-class quantitative modeling framework with numerous applications throughout the sports world. Statistical approaches to predict winning team, probabilities, and victory margin Procedures to evaluate the accuracy of different models Detailed analysis of how mathematics and statistics are used in a variety of different sports Advanced mathematical applications that can be applied to fantasy sports, player evaluation, salary negotiation, team selection, and Hall of Fame determination
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Practical Statistics for Data Scientists

50 Essential Concepts

Author: Peter Bruce,Andrew Bruce

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491952911

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 1467

Statistical methods are a key part of of data science, yet very few data scientists have any formal statistics training. Courses and books on basic statistics rarely cover the topic from a data science perspective. This practical guide explains how to apply various statistical methods to data science, tells you how to avoid their misuse, and gives you advice on what's important and what's not. Many data science resources incorporate statistical methods but lack a deeper statistical perspective. If you’re familiar with the R programming language, and have some exposure to statistics, this quick reference bridges the gap in an accessible, readable format. With this book, you’ll learn: Why exploratory data analysis is a key preliminary step in data science How random sampling can reduce bias and yield a higher quality dataset, even with big data How the principles of experimental design yield definitive answers to questions How to use regression to estimate outcomes and detect anomalies Key classification techniques for predicting which categories a record belongs to Statistical machine learning methods that “learn” from data Unsupervised learning methods for extracting meaning from unlabeled data
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Scientific Data Analysis

Author: Graham Currell

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 0198712545

Category: Research

Page: 335

View: 3503

Reliable data analysis lies at the heart of scientific research, helping you to figure out what your data is really telling you. Yet the analysis of data can be a stumbling block for even the most experienced researcher - and can be a particularly daunting prospect when analyzing your own data for the first time. Drawing on the author's extensive experience of supporting project students, Scientific Data Analysis is a guide for any science undergraduate or beginning graduate who needs to analyse their own data, and wants a clear, step-by-step description of how to carry out their analysis in a robust, error-free way. With video content generated by the author to dovetail with the printed text, the resource not only describes the principles of data analysis and the strategies that should be adopted for a successful outcome but also shows you how to carry out that analysis - with the videos breaking down the process of analysis into easy-to-digest chunks. With guidance on the use of Minitab, SPSS and Excel, Scientific Data Analysis doesn't just support the use of one particular software package: it is the ideal guide to carrying out your own data analysis regardless of the software you have chosen. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre to accompany the book features over 80 video screencasts that walk the viewer step-by-step through the techniques and approaches outlined in the book.
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