Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific

A Companion to the World Development Report

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821396269

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 8101

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific examines the relationship between gender equality and development and outlines an agenda for public action to promote more effective and inclusive development in East Asian and Pacific countries.

Equality in Asia-Pacific

Reality or a Contradiction in Terms?

Author: Phil C.W. Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317983637

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 1763

In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, stating every human being’s right of equality in dignity and right. However, notwithstanding recognition by the international community of its importance and codification in numerous national and sub-national constitutions and legislation, reinforced by various multilateral and regional human rights treaties, the right of equality continues to be unable to take complete firm hold in all regions and countries. Evidence, as presented by the insightful papers in this collection, published initially as a Special Double Issue of The International Journal of Human Rights dedicated to exploring the place of equality in Asia-Pacific societies, suggests that although progress is being made the right of equality has not yet fully materialized, both in law and in reality, in the world’s most populous region. Many factors, particularly entrenched cultural heritage and practices, the lingering effects of colonialism and newly found independence, and, above all, pervasive ignorance and prejudices, continue to impede the recognition, development and protection of equality in this region. Of course, equality, a normative right and entitlement by virtue of our humanity, has neither been fully achieved in societies outside the region. Such neo-colonial thinking in fact perpetuates and assists in the subjugation of the right of equality in the Asia-Pacific Region as a matter of relevance and concern only to Western countries. Accordingly, we hope that our discussions will also be able to shed light and generate reflections on realities outside the region as interlinked with our aim. The Editor’s book fee has been donated to the UNICEF Tsunami Fund. This book was previously published as a special issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

Power, Voice and Rights

A Turning Point for Gender Equality in Asia and the Pacific

Author: Anuradha K. Rajivan,United Nations Development Programme

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211262865

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 5899

Women still confront multiple forms of discrimination in every Asia-Pacific country. Despite robust growth and progress on many fronts, gender inequality persists and deprives the region of a significant source of human potential. Countries in the region that have done the most to tap women's talents and capacities have traveled farthest on many aspects of human development. Countries that tolerate deep inequities fall short of equal citizenship–and face social instability and economic loss, particularly acute amid global economic downturn. Today, Asia- Pacific stands at a crossroads. But with better institutions, openness to ideas, and more resources, the region is well equipped to achieve gender equality. This Report looks at three key opportunities for achieving gender equality—economics, politics and the law. Transforming institutions in all three areas, changing attitudes and assessing progress continually will open the door wide to rapid, far-reaching change for human development.

Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Asia and the Pacific

Perspectives of Governments on 20 Years of Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action

Author: United Nations

Publisher: UN

ISBN: 9789211207002

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 7398

This publication provides a regional overview of progress made in implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in the Asia-Pacific region, from the perspectives of the national governments. More specifically, this report provides a summary of the identified achievements and challenges of ESCAP members and associate members in relation to gender equality and women�' empowerment, including in relation to the 12 critical areas of concern of the Platform for Action. This report also outlines the key means of implementation of the Platform for Action, along with the members' and associate members' delineated priorities for strengthening implementation and achieving gender equality.

Inequality in Asia and the Pacific

Trends, drivers, and policy implications

Author: Ravi Kanbur,Changyong Rhee,Juzhong Zhuang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134670273

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 5063

Asia’s rapid economic growth has led to a significant reduction in extreme poverty, but accompanied by rising inequality. This book deals with three questions: What have been the trends of inequality in Asia and the Pacific? What are the key drivers of rising inequality in the region? How should Asian countries respond to the rising inequality? Technological change, globalization, and market-oriented reform have been the key drivers of Asia’s remarkable growth and poverty reduction, but they have also had significant distribution consequences. These three drivers of growth cannot be hindered because they are the sources of productivity improvement and betterment of quality of life. This book will be useful to those interested in policy options that could be deployed by Asian countries in confronting rising inequality.

South Asia 2060

Envisioning Regional Futures

Author: Adil Najam,Moeed Yusuf

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783080388

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 8363

“South Asia 2060” is a dialogue among 47 experts from a diverse range of expertise and backgrounds, ranging from policymakers to academia to civil society activists and visionaries, on the likely longer-range trajectories of South Asia’s future. The collection explores current regional trends, possible future trajectories, and the key factors that will determine whether these trajectories are positive or negative for the region, as a region. Departing from a purely security-based analysis, the volume considers factors such as development and human well-being to reveal not what will happen but what could happen, as well as the impact present conditions could have on the rest of the world.

Understanding Changes in Poverty

Author: Gabriela Inchauste,João Pedro Azevedo,B. Essama-Nssah,Sergio Olivieri,Trang Van Nguyen,Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi,Hernan Winkler

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464803005

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 9614

The 2015 Millennium Development Goal to cut in half the share of the world’s population living in extreme poverty was met with time to spare. By 2013, the percentage of developing-country populations living in extreme poverty decreased from 43 percent in 1990 to 21 percent by 2010. Clearly, there is still a long way to go, with 1.2 billion people without enough to eat. What can we learn from the recent success? This volume presents recent methods to decompose the contributions to poverty reduction. What was the main contributor to poverty reduction? Using a simple accounting approach, we find that labor income growth was the largest contributor to moderate poverty reduction for a group of 21 countries with substantial reductions in poverty over the past decade. Moreover, in most cases, it was the growth in income per worker that contributed the most to poverty reduction, rather than an increase in employment. Changes in demographics, public transfers and remittances helped, but made relatively smaller contributions to poverty reduction. Public transfers were important in reducing extreme poverty, pointing to the crucial role of social protection systems. How was labor income growth able to reduce poverty? After a review of the literature, a structural decomposition method is presented and implemented in three countries. The results show that that labor income grew mainly because of higher returns to human capital endowments. This could signal increases in productivity, a higher relative price of labor, or both. In Bangladesh and Peru, this was driven by higher returns to workers with low levels of education, which may have partly been driven by higher food prices. In contrast, in Thailand, poverty fell partly due to increasing returns to education.

Issues, Policies and Outcomes

Are ICT Policies Addressing Gender Equality?

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211201260

Category: Social Science

Page: 42

View: 4393

The five-year review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action ultimately found that women have benefited less from and been disadvantaged more by, technological advances. Against this backdrop, the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific commissioned a study to review the national, regional and global initiatives for equal ICT acess from a gender perspedtive and to assess how these initiatives had been translated into gender-sensitive policies in the Asian and Pacific region. Six countries: Australia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines and the Republic of Korea; were selected for the review. Although the study does not conclude that existing ICT policies address gender equality, there are indications that the overall conditions are positive for mainstreaming gender considerations in national ICT policy frameworks. The study was further analyzed and discussed by an expert group which met in December 2001.

Economic Dynamism in the Asia-Pacific

The Growth of Integration and Competitiveness

Author: Grahame Thompson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415172745

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 402

View: 1213

Economic Dynamism in the Asia-Pacific examines the dramatic rise of the economic importance of the region, the sources of that growth, its future development in uncertain times and the consequences for the global economy.

The International Handbook of Educational Research in the Asia-Pacific Region

Author: J.P. Keeves,Ryo Watanabe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402010071

Category: Education

Page: 1426

View: 9629

The aim of the Handbook is to present readily accessible, but scholarly sources of information about educational research in the Asia-Pacific region. The scale and scope of the Handbook is such that the articles included in it provide substantive contributions to knowledge and understanding of education in the Asia region. In so doing, the articles present the problems and issues facing education in the region and the findings of research conducted within the region that contribute to the resolution of these problems and issues. Moreover, since new problems and issues are constantly arising, the articles in the Handbook also indicate the likely directions of future developments. The different articles within the Handbook seek to conceptualize the problems in each specific content area under review, provide an integration of the research conducted within that area, the theoretical basis of the research the practical implications of the research and the contribution of the research towards the resolution of the problems identified. Thus, the articles do not involve the reporting of newly conducted research, but rather require a synthesis of the research undertaken in a particular area, with reference to the research methods employed and the theoretical frameworks on which the research is based. In general, the articles do not advocate a single point of view, but rather, present alternative points of view and comment on the debate and disagreements associated with the conduct and findings of the research. Furthermore, it should be noted, that the Handbook is not concerned with research methodology, and only considers the methods employed in inquiry in so far as the particular methods of research contribute to the effective investigation of problems and issues that have arisen in the conduct and provision of education at different levels within the region.

Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264220550


Page: 147

View: 4637

This is the third edition of Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific, a regularly updated OECD overview of social indicators. This edition's special features cover gender equality and social protection expenditure.

Atlas of Gender and Development How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries

How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264077472


Page: 320

View: 7130

Gender inequality holds back not just women but the economic and social development of entire societies. This atlas presents a new measure of gender inequality which examines women’s status according to family situation, physical integrity, son preference, civil liberties and ownership rights.

World Atlas of Gender Equality in Education

Author: Edward B. Fiske

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231042327

Category: Reference

Page: 118

View: 1157

"The education of girls and women is important not only as a matter of respecting a basic human right for half the population but as a powerful force for economic development and achieving social goals such as enhanced health, nutrition and civic involvement. This Atlas presents the latest data from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics on trends in educational access and progression, from pre-primary through tertiary levels and adult literacy, with special attention to the all-important issue of gender equality. These trends are depicted through colour-coded maps that make it easy for readers to visualize global and regional trends and to understand how they are shaped by factors such as national wealth and geographic location." -- P. [4] of cover.

Pursuing Gender Equality Through the Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific

Author: Eugenia McGill

Publisher: N.A


Category: Sex discrimiination against women

Page: 86

View: 2757

Extrait de l'introduction : "The paper [...] draws on the findings and recommendations from recent reports on worldwide trends related to gender equality, women's empowerment and women's health--including reports from the UN Millennium Project --and considers their relevance in the Asian and Pacific context."

Protection of Sexual Minorities since Stonewall

Progress and Stalemate in Developed and Developing Countries

Author: Phil C.W. Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317997115

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 7626

The Stonewall Riot in New York in 1969 marked the birth of the sexual minority rights movement worldwide. In the subsequent four decades, equality and related rights on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity have been enshrined in many African, Asian, Australasian, European and North American countries, thanks to better informed discourses of the natures of sexual orientation, gender identity, equality and rights that systematic scientific and socio-legal research has generated. Discrimination, harassment and persecution on grounds of a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity, however, continue to pervade the laws and social norms in all developed and developing countries. In tribute to the courage of those who participated in the Stonewall Riot, this book examines the progress and stalemate in various countries on five continents, as well as in the development of international law, concerning the rights of persons belonging to sexual minorities. This book covers issues including homophobic bullying and gay–straight alliances in schools; the merits and problems that legislation prohibiting hate speech on grounds of sexual orientation presents; criminal justice systems in relation to male rape victims and to criminalisation of HIV exposure and transmission; the development of sexual minority rights, from historical and socio-legal perspectives, in Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, and Zimbabwe; the lives of transgender persons in Asian countries; the evolution, operation and impact of international and domestic refugee laws on sexual orientation and gender identity as grounds for refugee status and asylum; and the conflicts between law, religion and sexual minority equality rights that inhere in the same-sex marriage debate in Ireland. This book was previously published as a special double issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

Solomon Islands

Essential aspects of governance for Aquatic Agricultural Systems in Malaita Hub

Author: Govan, H.; Schwarz, A.M.; Harohau, D.; Oeta, J.; Orirana, G.; Ratner, B.D.

Publisher: WorldFish



Page: 17

View: 9464


Gender Trends in Southeast Asia

Women Now, Women in the Future

Author: Theresa W. Devasahayam

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812309551

Category: Social Science

Page: 115

View: 2026

As a region, Southeast Asia has undergone enormous economic and social changes in the last few decades. Women as a collective have seen their lives transformed as a result of rapid development and economic growth. In exploring the progress made by Southeast Asian men and women, this book seeks to answer the following questions: (a) In what areas have women been able to achieve parity with men? (b) In what areas do women encounter specific disadvantages based on their gender as compared with m...

Sex, Love and Feminism in the Asia Pacific

A Cross-Cultural Study of Young People's Attitudes

Author: Chilla Bulbeck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134104693

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4171

‘Sex, love and feminism’ are three aspects of the rapidly changing gender relations that shape young people’s lives in the Asia Pacific region. Much has been written about rapidly changing countries in Asia, most recently China and India. With the global spread of capitalist production and neo-liberal ideologies, the claim that the rest of the world’s women are treading the path to enlightenment and development forged by women in the West has been revived. This book explores that contention through a comparative analysis of the attitudes of young middle class urbanites in ten countries: the USA, Australia, Canada, Japan, Thailand, South Korea, India, Indonesia, China and Vietnam. Drawing on detailed empirical research, the study describes and compares attitudes towards the women’s movement, sexual relations and family arrangements in the countries considered. It explores young peoples’ image of feminists and what they feel the women’s movement has achieved for women and men in their country. The book discusses young people’s attitudes to controversial gender issues such as role reversal, sharing housework, abortion rights, same sex sexual relations, nudity and pornography. Through a comparative analysis of the gender vocabularies by which young people understand gender issues, the book highlights the role of differences in history, culture, economics and political leadership. These influence attitudes to gender relations, the status of women and the political programs of the women’s movement in different countries. Whilst there are striking parallels between countries and even across the whole sample, those similarities do not fall neatly into a simple dichotomy of the ‘west versus the rest’.

Millennium Development Goals and Community Initiatives in the Asia Pacific

Author: Amita Singh,Eduardo T. Gonzalez,Stanley Bruce Thomson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132207602

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 740

The book brings together implementation studies from the Asia Pacific countries in the context of the deadline of 2015 for achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The contributors to this volume are scholars belonging to the Network of Asia Pacific Schools and Institutes of Public Administration and Governance (NAPSIPAG). NAPSIPAG is the only non-West governance research network presently located at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi after having shifted from its original location at INTAN (Government of Malaysia) at Kuala Lumpur in 2009. ‘Implementation’ is a less understood but a much debated area of governance research. It requires micro-level analysis of government agencies, service delivery departments and stakeholders on one hand and its national and global policy level connections on the other. Implementation studies are above disciplinary divides and subsequent disjunctions which inhibit explorations on policy downslides or failures. The studies relate to the new initiatives which governments across the region have undertaken to reach out to the MDG targets agreed upon in 2000. The focus of analysis is the policy framework, local capacities of both the government agencies and people in drawing partnerships with relevant expert groups, ability to bring transparency and accountability measures in transactions for cost-effective results, leadership and sustainability dimensions which influence the functioning of local agencies. The book is especially important in the background of 15 voluminous Administrative Reforms Commission Reports accumulating dust in India and similar efforts lying unattended in many other countries of this region as well. Countries like Malaysia, which has focused upon ‘implementation strategies’ combined with timely evaluation and supervision of administrative agencies has almost achieved most of their committed MDGs. A special report of Malaysian efforts, initiates the debate of moving beyond the ‘best practice research’ in implementation arena. The central idea of this book is to demonstrate the role of communities in making governance effective and government responsive to the needs of people.

Public Places in Asia Pacific Cities

Current Issues and Strategies

Author: Pu Miao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401728151

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 9252

PUMIAO 1. The Subject Matter: Urban Public Places 2. The Location: Asia Pacific Region 3. The Purpose of the'"Book: For the Makers of Public Places 4. The Three Perspectives of the Book: Description, Criticism, and Intervention 5. Perspective One: Characteristics of Asia Pacific Cities and Their Public Places (1) High Population Density (2) Large Cities (3) Mixed Uses (4) Government-Centered and Pro-Development Culture (5) The East-versus-West Bipolarity (6) Small Amount of Public Space (7) Absence of Large Nodes and Overall Structure in Public Space (8) Intensive Use of Public Space (9) Ambiguous Boundary between the Public and the Private Summaries of Chapters 1-5 6. Perspective Two: Current Issues and Debates (1) Identity Formal Identity Functional Identity (2) Sustainability High-Tech versus Low-Tech High-Density versus Low-Density (3) Equality Equal Participation Equal Accessibility Summaries of Chapters 6-9 7. Perspective Three: Major Trends in Design and Theory (1) The "Grey" Relationship between the Public and the Private (2) The Transformation of Traditional Typology (3) Indigenous Decoration, Color and Material in New Applications (4) The Tropical Public Place Summaries of Chapters 10-17 8. Conclusion Pu Miao (ed. ), Public Places in Asia Pacific Cities, 1-45. © 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 2 P. MIAO 1. The Subject Matter: Urban Public Places A visitor to Kuala Lumpur will hardly forget the experience of strolling among the fragrant fruits sold under the overhang of the five-foot walkway during a tropical downfall.