Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific

A Companion to the World Development Report

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821396269

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 7022

Toward Gender Equality in East Asia and the Pacific examines the relationship between gender equality and development and outlines an agenda for public action to promote more effective and inclusive development in East Asian and Pacific countries.

Power, Voice and Rights

A Turning Point for Gender Equality in Asia and the Pacific

Author: Anuradha K. Rajivan,United Nations Development Programme

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211262865

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 8642

Women still confront multiple forms of discrimination in every Asia-Pacific country. Despite robust growth and progress on many fronts, gender inequality persists and deprives the region of a significant source of human potential. Countries in the region that have done the most to tap women's talents and capacities have traveled farthest on many aspects of human development. Countries that tolerate deep inequities fall short of equal citizenship–and face social instability and economic loss, particularly acute amid global economic downturn. Today, Asia- Pacific stands at a crossroads. But with better institutions, openness to ideas, and more resources, the region is well equipped to achieve gender equality. This Report looks at three key opportunities for achieving gender equality—economics, politics and the law. Transforming institutions in all three areas, changing attitudes and assessing progress continually will open the door wide to rapid, far-reaching change for human development.

Equality in Asia-Pacific

Reality or a Contradiction in Terms?

Author: Phil C.W. Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317983637

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 4897

In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, stating every human being’s right of equality in dignity and right. However, notwithstanding recognition by the international community of its importance and codification in numerous national and sub-national constitutions and legislation, reinforced by various multilateral and regional human rights treaties, the right of equality continues to be unable to take complete firm hold in all regions and countries. Evidence, as presented by the insightful papers in this collection, published initially as a Special Double Issue of The International Journal of Human Rights dedicated to exploring the place of equality in Asia-Pacific societies, suggests that although progress is being made the right of equality has not yet fully materialized, both in law and in reality, in the world’s most populous region. Many factors, particularly entrenched cultural heritage and practices, the lingering effects of colonialism and newly found independence, and, above all, pervasive ignorance and prejudices, continue to impede the recognition, development and protection of equality in this region. Of course, equality, a normative right and entitlement by virtue of our humanity, has neither been fully achieved in societies outside the region. Such neo-colonial thinking in fact perpetuates and assists in the subjugation of the right of equality in the Asia-Pacific Region as a matter of relevance and concern only to Western countries. Accordingly, we hope that our discussions will also be able to shed light and generate reflections on realities outside the region as interlinked with our aim. The Editor’s book fee has been donated to the UNICEF Tsunami Fund. This book was previously published as a special issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Asia and the Pacific

Perspectives of Governments on 20 Years of Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action

Author: United Nations

Publisher: UN

ISBN: 9789211207002

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 3342

This publication provides a regional overview of progress made in implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in the Asia-Pacific region, from the perspectives of the national governments. More specifically, this report provides a summary of the identified achievements and challenges of ESCAP members and associate members in relation to gender equality and women�' empowerment, including in relation to the 12 critical areas of concern of the Platform for Action. This report also outlines the key means of implementation of the Platform for Action, along with the members' and associate members' delineated priorities for strengthening implementation and achieving gender equality.

Inequality in Asia and the Pacific

Trends, drivers, and policy implications

Author: Ravi Kanbur,Changyong Rhee,Juzhong Zhuang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134670273

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 8174

Asia’s rapid economic growth has led to a significant reduction in extreme poverty, but accompanied by rising inequality. This book deals with three questions: What have been the trends of inequality in Asia and the Pacific? What are the key drivers of rising inequality in the region? How should Asian countries respond to the rising inequality? Technological change, globalization, and market-oriented reform have been the key drivers of Asia’s remarkable growth and poverty reduction, but they have also had significant distribution consequences. These three drivers of growth cannot be hindered because they are the sources of productivity improvement and betterment of quality of life. This book will be useful to those interested in policy options that could be deployed by Asian countries in confronting rising inequality.

Pursuing Gender Equality Through the Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific

Author: Eugenia McGill

Publisher: N.A


Category: Sex discrimiination against women

Page: 86

View: 5056

Extrait de l'introduction : "The paper [...] draws on the findings and recommendations from recent reports on worldwide trends related to gender equality, women's empowerment and women's health--including reports from the UN Millennium Project --and considers their relevance in the Asian and Pacific context."

Issues, Policies and Outcomes

Are ICT Policies Addressing Gender Equality?

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211201260

Category: Social Science

Page: 42

View: 3267

The five-year review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action ultimately found that women have benefited less from and been disadvantaged more by, technological advances. Against this backdrop, the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific commissioned a study to review the national, regional and global initiatives for equal ICT acess from a gender perspedtive and to assess how these initiatives had been translated into gender-sensitive policies in the Asian and Pacific region. Six countries: Australia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines and the Republic of Korea; were selected for the review. Although the study does not conclude that existing ICT policies address gender equality, there are indications that the overall conditions are positive for mainstreaming gender considerations in national ICT policy frameworks. The study was further analyzed and discussed by an expert group which met in December 2001.

South Asia 2060

Envisioning Regional Futures

Author: Adil Najam,Moeed Yusuf

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783080388

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 8958

“South Asia 2060” is a dialogue among 47 experts from a diverse range of expertise and backgrounds, ranging from policymakers to academia to civil society activists and visionaries, on the likely longer-range trajectories of South Asia’s future. The collection explores current regional trends, possible future trajectories, and the key factors that will determine whether these trajectories are positive or negative for the region, as a region. Departing from a purely security-based analysis, the volume considers factors such as development and human well-being to reveal not what will happen but what could happen, as well as the impact present conditions could have on the rest of the world.

Understanding Changes in Poverty

Author: Gabriela Inchauste,João Pedro Azevedo,B. Essama-Nssah,Sergio Olivieri,Trang Van Nguyen,Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi,Hernan Winkler

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464803005

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 1410

The 2015 Millennium Development Goal to cut in half the share of the world’s population living in extreme poverty was met with time to spare. By 2013, the percentage of developing-country populations living in extreme poverty decreased from 43 percent in 1990 to 21 percent by 2010. Clearly, there is still a long way to go, with 1.2 billion people without enough to eat. What can we learn from the recent success? This volume presents recent methods to decompose the contributions to poverty reduction. What was the main contributor to poverty reduction? Using a simple accounting approach, we find that labor income growth was the largest contributor to moderate poverty reduction for a group of 21 countries with substantial reductions in poverty over the past decade. Moreover, in most cases, it was the growth in income per worker that contributed the most to poverty reduction, rather than an increase in employment. Changes in demographics, public transfers and remittances helped, but made relatively smaller contributions to poverty reduction. Public transfers were important in reducing extreme poverty, pointing to the crucial role of social protection systems. How was labor income growth able to reduce poverty? After a review of the literature, a structural decomposition method is presented and implemented in three countries. The results show that that labor income grew mainly because of higher returns to human capital endowments. This could signal increases in productivity, a higher relative price of labor, or both. In Bangladesh and Peru, this was driven by higher returns to workers with low levels of education, which may have partly been driven by higher food prices. In contrast, in Thailand, poverty fell partly due to increasing returns to education.

Economic Dynamism in the Asia-Pacific

The Growth of Integration and Competitiveness

Author: Grahame Thompson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415172745

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 402

View: 3565

Economic Dynamism in the Asia-Pacific examines the dramatic rise of the economic importance of the region, the sources of that growth, its future development in uncertain times and the consequences for the global economy.

The International Handbook of Educational Research in the Asia-Pacific Region

Author: J.P. Keeves,Ryo Watanabe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402010071

Category: Education

Page: 1426

View: 8270

The aim of the Handbook is to present readily accessible, but scholarly sources of information about educational research in the Asia-Pacific region. The scale and scope of the Handbook is such that the articles included in it provide substantive contributions to knowledge and understanding of education in the Asia region. In so doing, the articles present the problems and issues facing education in the region and the findings of research conducted within the region that contribute to the resolution of these problems and issues. Moreover, since new problems and issues are constantly arising, the articles in the Handbook also indicate the likely directions of future developments. The different articles within the Handbook seek to conceptualize the problems in each specific content area under review, provide an integration of the research conducted within that area, the theoretical basis of the research the practical implications of the research and the contribution of the research towards the resolution of the problems identified. Thus, the articles do not involve the reporting of newly conducted research, but rather require a synthesis of the research undertaken in a particular area, with reference to the research methods employed and the theoretical frameworks on which the research is based. In general, the articles do not advocate a single point of view, but rather, present alternative points of view and comment on the debate and disagreements associated with the conduct and findings of the research. Furthermore, it should be noted, that the Handbook is not concerned with research methodology, and only considers the methods employed in inquiry in so far as the particular methods of research contribute to the effective investigation of problems and issues that have arisen in the conduct and provision of education at different levels within the region.

Regional Action Plan Towards the Information Society in Asia and the Pacific

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211204742

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 135

View: 9552

This publication is a further step in the direction envisaged in the Regional Roadmap towards an Information Society. It addresses the key issues relating to the application of information and communication technologies and outlines how the global and regional initiatives could promote and catalyze actions at the regional and national levels. It outlines a comprehensive plan and strategic framework for collaborative ICT programmes and projects at the regional level for realizing the vision of an inclusive and sustainable information society in Asia and the Pacific. Publishing Agency: United Nations (UN).

Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2014

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264220550


Page: 147

View: 1476

This is the third edition of Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific, a regularly updated OECD overview of social indicators. This edition's special features cover gender equality and social protection expenditure.

Sex, Love and Feminism in the Asia Pacific

A Cross-Cultural Study of Young People's Attitudes

Author: Chilla Bulbeck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134104685

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8555

‘Sex, love and feminism’ are three aspects of the rapidly changing gender relations that shape young people’s lives in the Asia Pacific region. Much has been written about rapidly changing countries in Asia, most recently China and India. With the global spread of capitalist production and neo-liberal ideologies, the claim that the rest of the world’s women are treading the path to enlightenment and development forged by women in the West has been revived. This book explores that contention through a comparative analysis of the attitudes of young middle class urbanites in ten countries: the USA, Australia, Canada, Japan, Thailand, South Korea, India, Indonesia, China and Vietnam. Drawing on detailed empirical research, the study describes and compares attitudes towards the women’s movement, sexual relations and family arrangements in the countries considered. It explores young peoples’ image of feminists and what they feel the women’s movement has achieved for women and men in their country. The book discusses young people’s attitudes to controversial gender issues such as role reversal, sharing housework, abortion rights, same sex sexual relations, nudity and pornography. Through a comparative analysis of the gender vocabularies by which young people understand gender issues, the book highlights the role of differences in history, culture, economics and political leadership. These influence attitudes to gender relations, the status of women and the political programs of the women’s movement in different countries. Whilst there are striking parallels between countries and even across the whole sample, those similarities do not fall neatly into a simple dichotomy of the ‘west versus the rest’.

Equating Gender

Explorations in the Asia-Pacific

Author: Divya Upadhyaya Joshi,Chompoonuh K. Permpoonwiwat

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788131608029


Page: 272

View: 9825

The Asia-Pacific region shows great inter-regional and intra-regional divergence in gender equity. Most countries of Asia and the Pacific do recognize equality between men and women as a matter of fundamental right and citizenship. Despite these formal and legal commitments, and the demonstrated benefits of gender equality to societies and economies, gender discrimination remains pervasive in the region. This book represents the emerging trends in inter-disciplinary research spanning nations and regions in the Asia-Pacific with the aim of achieving a regional theoretical perspective and a more balanced picture of the root causes of gender inequity in the region. The major theme explored in the book is that of gender dimension of development in the Asia-Pacific. It includes case studies from this region reflecting changing policy paradigms and their impact on gender equity in the region, and revisiting the local and regional gender discourse heritage. It represents a cross section of current trends in gender research by serious scholars from India and abroad. Both important aspects of contemporary gender research, the collection of empirical evidences and incisive analysis of ground realities are addressed. Emerging issues of queer theory and transgender equity are also presented. The diversity of issues analysed helps in presenting a comprehensive and interesting cross-sectional picture of the contemporary gender equity scenario in the Asia-Pacific region.

Atlas of Gender and Development How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries

How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264077472


Page: 320

View: 1477

Gender inequality holds back not just women but the economic and social development of entire societies. This atlas presents a new measure of gender inequality which examines women’s status according to family situation, physical integrity, son preference, civil liberties and ownership rights.

World Atlas of Gender Equality in Education

Author: Edward B. Fiske

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231042327

Category: Reference

Page: 118

View: 5381

"The education of girls and women is important not only as a matter of respecting a basic human right for half the population but as a powerful force for economic development and achieving social goals such as enhanced health, nutrition and civic involvement. This Atlas presents the latest data from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics on trends in educational access and progression, from pre-primary through tertiary levels and adult literacy, with special attention to the all-important issue of gender equality. These trends are depicted through colour-coded maps that make it easy for readers to visualize global and regional trends and to understand how they are shaped by factors such as national wealth and geographic location." -- P. [4] of cover.

Protection of Sexual Minorities since Stonewall

Progress and Stalemate in Developed and Developing Countries

Author: Phil C.W. Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317997115

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 9646

The Stonewall Riot in New York in 1969 marked the birth of the sexual minority rights movement worldwide. In the subsequent four decades, equality and related rights on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity have been enshrined in many African, Asian, Australasian, European and North American countries, thanks to better informed discourses of the natures of sexual orientation, gender identity, equality and rights that systematic scientific and socio-legal research has generated. Discrimination, harassment and persecution on grounds of a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity, however, continue to pervade the laws and social norms in all developed and developing countries. In tribute to the courage of those who participated in the Stonewall Riot, this book examines the progress and stalemate in various countries on five continents, as well as in the development of international law, concerning the rights of persons belonging to sexual minorities. This book covers issues including homophobic bullying and gay–straight alliances in schools; the merits and problems that legislation prohibiting hate speech on grounds of sexual orientation presents; criminal justice systems in relation to male rape victims and to criminalisation of HIV exposure and transmission; the development of sexual minority rights, from historical and socio-legal perspectives, in Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, and Zimbabwe; the lives of transgender persons in Asian countries; the evolution, operation and impact of international and domestic refugee laws on sexual orientation and gender identity as grounds for refugee status and asylum; and the conflicts between law, religion and sexual minority equality rights that inhere in the same-sex marriage debate in Ireland. This book was previously published as a special double issue of The International Journal of Human Rights.

Development and Structural Change in Asia-Pacific

Globalising Miracles or the end of a Model?

Author: Martin Andersson,Christer Gunnarsson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134409397

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 4735

The authors consider how the Asia-Pacific economies have developed since the financial crises and highlight two inter-related themes: the effect of global forces on the national Asian economies and the different development paths of these economies as they jointly enter this new phase. Questions raised by the book include: * is globalization a threat to development and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific or did globalization rather facilitate and accelerate the pace of industrialization among late industrializers in the region? * is there a single Asia-Pacific development model or did the crisis show this to be false? * did the financial crisis reveal structural weaknesses in an Asia-Pacific state-led model or was state leadership already in demise? Development and Structural Change in Asia-Pacific provides a useful and relevant account of how the global economy has led to structural changes within Asian economies